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Häyry Matti - - 2015
Philosophers should express their ideas clearly. They should do this in any field of specialization, but especially when they address issues of practical consequence, as they do in bioethics. This article dissects a recent and much-debated contribution to philosophical bioethics by Alberto Giubilini and Francesca Minerva, examines how exactly it ...
Borossa Julia - - 2014
Ferenczi's practice and therapeutic ethics as exemplified in the Clinical Diary reveal a profound sensitivity to the questions of authority and freedom. This paper will engage with the ways in which these questions have been taken up elsewhere and have become central to post-war extensions of the psychoanalytic field, such ...
Walling Olivia O College of Engineering and Writing Program, University of California, Santa Barbara, South Hall, Santa Barbara, CA, 93106, USA, - - 2014
Although undergraduate engineering ethics courses often include the development of moral sensitivity as a learning objective and the use of active learning techniques, teaching centers on the transmission of cognitive knowledge. This article describes a complementary assignment asking students to perform an ethics "experiment" on themselves that has a potential ...
Moustafa Khaled K Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), Créteil, France, - - 2014
In their recent paper, Esfe et al. (Sci Eng Ethics, doi: 10.1007/s11948-014-9595-z 2014) present some criteria for fake journals and propose some 'features' to recognize them. While I share most of the authors' concerns about this issue in general, some of the reported criteria are not fit to differentiate fake ...
Juengst Eric T ET University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Society prizes the rapid translation of basic biological science into ways to prevent human illness. However, the premature rush to take murine epigenetic findings in these directions makes impossible demands on prospective parents and triggers serious social and ethical questions.
Nayar Harry S HS Dr Nayar is a resident in the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin in Madison, WisconsinDr Caplan is Chair of the Division of Medical Ethics at New York University Langone Medical Center in New York, New YorkDr Eaves is a Professor of Surgery in the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GeorgiaDr Rubin is Chair of the Department of Plastic Surgery at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
The emerging field of stem cell-based aesthetics has raised ethical concerns related to advertising campaigns and standards for safety and efficacy. The authors sought to characterize the attitudes of plastic surgeons regarding the ethics of stem cell-based aesthetics. A cross-sectional electronic survey was distributed to 4592 members of the American ...
Kendall-Raynor Petra - - 2014
On the final day of RCN congress in Liverpool this week, the college's members will be discussing the relevance of national pay bargaining in an increasingly devolved United Kingdom.
Patel Dina A DA Rutgers New Jersey Medical School Newark, New - - 2014
Francis Xavier Dercum (1856-1931) is known primarily for his prominence in the field of neurology and for his identification of "Adiposis Dolorosa", known as Dercum's disease. His brilliance, however, extends well beyond neurology. Born and raised in Philadelphia to parents of American and European descent, Dercum's natural curiosity oriented his ...
Ishii Tetsuya - - 2013
Derivation of eggs or sperm from pluripotent stem cells or direct reprogramming from somatic cells would have huge effects on assisted reproductive technology. Here we discuss important ethical, legal, and social issues that would be raised by the development of such female or male gametes for clinical use.
- - 2013
Provides the 2012 Annual Report of the American Psychological Association. In 2012, APA celebrated its 120th anniversary. It has grown from its original 31 members to the largest association of psychologists in the United States and a worldwide leader within the discipline. This edition of the report introduces each directorate ...
Otrompke John - - 2013
While the practice of ethical pondering has a formal academic history more than several thousand years old, and its pedigree within the human heart is undoubtedly much older, the somewhat specialized field of bioethics goes back approximately only 50 years in the United States. And while practitioners in the field—known ...
Avery C M E - - 2012
The annual scientific meeting of the British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (BAOMS) is primarily a national meeting with a minor international contribution (3%). In the 10 years between 2002 and 2011 there were 1639 oral and poster presentations, and there was a significant increase in the total number ...
Banja John D - - 2013
Although the literature on the ethical dimensions of knowledge creation, use, and dissemination is voluminous, it has not particularly examined the ethical dimensions of knowledge translation in rehabilitation. Yet, whether research is done in a wet lab or treatments are provided to patients in therapeutic settings, rehabilitation professionals commonly use ...
Plath Kathrin - - 2012
The 2012 annual meeting of the International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR) marked the Tenth Anniversary of the ISSCR. Held in Japan, the meeting showcased recent discoveries and surveyed the remarkable progress that has been made in a decade of stem cell research.
Freeman K - - 2012
We hope that you have enjoyed the summer and the rare moments of sunshine! Now that you are settling into your new jobs since the recent changeover, we hoped you were able to make use of the extended trainee early bird discount for the October SAM conference in Manchester. If ...
Chang Sand - - 2012
Reviews the book, The Neuropsychology of Asian Americans edited by Daryl E. M. Fujii (see record 2010-22283-000). The Neuropsychology of Asian Americans fills in an important gap in the existing literature on neuropsychology as it specifically relates to Asian American cultural groups. Each chapter covers one particular Asian or Asian ...
Hampikian Greg - - 2012
The rise of biobanks including the related databases containing increasing amount of health information are now commonplace - found on every continent of the globe including Antarctica common though they may be, legal and ethical issues for collecting, storing and using the associated health/genetic information continue to perplex clinicians, researchers, ...
Barnett Jeffrey E - - 2011
The use of client information in clinical writings or presentations may be very helpful in advancing the knowledge base of the profession. Yet, the very act of asking a client for permission to use their treatment information in this way may be detrimental to the therapeutic alliance and treatment process. ...
Whiteside James L - - 2011
In 2008 and again in July of this year, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued safety communications regarding the use of transvaginally placed surgical mesh. These FDA communications have been the subject of much discussion in the literature. One issue raised by these communications and in the medical ...
Jegede Kolawole A - - 2011
In the study reported here, we compared self-reported industry relationships of authors who attended 3 major orthopedic sports medicine conferences during a single calendar year. Our goal was to calculate the variability between disclosure information over time. A significant percentage of authors who attended these meetings were inconsistent in submitting ...
Tracy Erin E - - 2011
A recent increase in legislative initiatives involving specific aspects of the practice of medicine is challenging traditional doctor-patient relationships. A Florida state law prohibiting physicians from asking patients about the presence of guns in the home could potentially result in real harm because of the risk of childhood injuries, domestic ...
Neuberger James - - 2011
Living donation is becoming increasingly used to help fill the gap between the needs of potential organ recipients and the availability of organs from deceased donors. The last few years has seen a small, but increasing contribution from altruistic (or good Samaritan or nondirected) donors. However, use of organs from ...
Lee Michelle M Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, - - 2011
The incidence of craniopagus twins approximates four to six per 10 million births. Although rare, surgical separation of conjoined twins poses significant technical and ethical challenges. The present report uses the case of craniopagus twins AD and TD to examine the bioethical issues faced by a multidisciplinary medical team in ...
Jameel S - - 2011
Great advances in technology produce unique challenges. Every technology also has a dual use, which needs to be understood and managed to extract maximum benefits for mankind and the development of civilization. The achievements of physicists in the mid-20th century resulted in the nuclear technology, which gave us the destructive ...
Gordon John-Stewart - - 2011
This article examines the special relation between common morality and particular moralities in the four-principles approach and its use for global ethics. It is argued that the special dialectical relation between common morality and particular moralities is the key to bridging the gap between ethical universalism and relativism. The four-principles ...
Moore Antony S - - 2011
Caring for cancer patients presents many ethical issues for veterinarians and other veterinary health workers. The issues that most veterinarians think of relate to management of the patient when the owners' preferences for treatment do not appear to be in the animal's best interest, as well as concerns about toxicities ...
Munung Nchangwi Syntia - - 2011
We assessed the extent of research ethics approval and informed consent reporting in publications emanating from Cameroon and indexed in PubMed from 2005-2009. In our review of 219 fulllength articles, we found that 57.53% reported ethics approval, 70.78% informed consent, and 50.68% both ethics approval and informed consent. Reporting these ...
Saunders Ben - - 2011
This paper defends an 'opt-out' scheme for organ procurement, by distinguishing this system from 'presumed consent' (which the author regards as an erroneous justification of it). It, first, stresses the moral importance of increasing the supply of organs and argues that making donation easier need not conflict with altruism. It ...
- - 2011
An annual technology assessment identifies board influence and rich data collection.
Bencardino Jenny T - - 2011
A tailored review of peer-reviewed abstracts presented at the 2010 Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) Annual Meeting was performed following oral presentation. This review will highlight 15 formal and informal scientific paper presentations focusing on three main topics: (1) 3D isotropic MR imaging of joints, (2) diffusion tensor imaging ...
Bevins Michael B - - 2011
A core principle of American medical ethics holds that an informed and capacitated patient has the right to have treatments withdrawn or withheld. Nevertheless, many clinicians remain reluctant to honor a request to deactivate a patient's pacemaker. This article describes a case in which a patient was denied her request ...
Chervenak Frank A - - 2011
In 2010, a National Institutes of Health Consensus Panel and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists issued updated statements on trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC). This article presents an ethical framework for the informed consent process for TOLAC. Three conclusions are reached. For women with one previous ...
Fernandes Marcos Rassi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To review ethical standards contained in guidelines to authors of Brazilian scientific journals in several medical specialties and see if there is any standardization available. METHODS: This is an exploratory study evaluating Brazilian scientific journals classified on the Portal of Journals on Health Sciences of the Virtual Health Library ...
Dunphy K P - - 2011
When treating contacts of patients with sexually transmitted infections (STIs), health professionals may face conflicting ethical imperatives. We surveyed middle grade doctors in genitourinary (GU) medicine and asked how they would manage a hypothetical clinical scenario. This was analysed on the basis of principles of respect for autonomy and beneficence/non-maleficence ...
Schwartz Seymour I - - 2011
The contributions of Jewish American surgeons in the nineteenth and early twentieth century at a time in which prejudice against ethnic and religious minorities was commonplace in the United States are detailed. The contributions of Jewish American surgeons and the positions they attained subsequent to a change in attitude toward ...
Pearce Neil - - 2011
In recent years there has been a major change on the part of funders, particularly in North America, so that data sharing is now considered to be the norm rather than the exception. We believe that data sharing is a good idea. However, we also believe that it is inappropriate ...
Mistry Helena - - 2011
Cells have specific proteins that serve as gatekeepers of information, much as the media serve as gatekeepers of information for society. With examples of DNA damage detection and rapid reporting of tainted meat, the importance of gatekeepers in science and society is illustrated.
Petrini Carlo - - 2011
This article addresses the ethical requirements to be considered when conducting clinical trials involving human subjects whose mental condition limits their ability to understand the information and to express fully autonomous and informed consent. It does not address other categories of vulnerable persons, such as children, or advanced directives concerning ...
Lissner Lothar - - 2011
The systematic description and promotion of substitution options and processes is an underdeveloped and often missing element in chemical management and chemical policy discussions. This article describes major barriers and drivers for substitution, and concludes that more specific information can be an essential instrument to overcome those barriers. It also ...
Taljaard Monica - - 2011
To investigate the extent to which authors of cluster randomised trials adhered to two basic requirements of the World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors' uniform requirements for manuscripts (namely, reporting of research ethics review and informed consent), to determine whether the adequacy ...
Locke Paul A - - 2011
The Toxic Substances Control Act is the principal US law governing industrial chemicals. Over the past three and one half decades, it has become clear that a considerable toxicological information gap exists about chemicals in commerce. The current provisions of the US TSCA law have failed to fill, and perhaps ...
Arkema Carroll E - - 2010
This is a poem seeking to capture the sacredness of deep human connection, in this instance, between the author and a twelve-year-old girl whom he meets in the presence of her mother. The poem integrates these types of human encounters with biblical understandings and dynamics of divine manifestations in human ...
Kohonen-Corish Maija R J MR Cancer Research Program, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, St. Vincent's Clinical School, University of NSW, Sydney, NSW, Australia. - - 2010
The third Human Variome Project (HVP) Meeting "Integration and Implementation" was held under UNESCO Patronage in Paris, France, at the UNESCO Headquarters May 10-14, 2010. The major aims of the HVP are the collection, curation, and distribution of all human genetic variation affecting health. The HVP has drawn together disparate ...
Bishop Jeffrey P - - 2010
After describing Heidegger's critique of metaphysics as ontotheology, I unpack the metaphysical assumptions of several transhumanist philosophers. I claim that they deploy an ontology of power and that they also deploy a kind of theology, as Heidegger meant it. I also describe the way in which this metaphysics begets its ...
Povey Sue - - 2010
More than 1,000 Web-based locus-specific variation databases (LSDBs) are listed on the Website of the Human Genetic Variation Society (HGVS). These individual efforts, which often relate phenotype to genotype, are a valuable source of information for clinicians, patients, and their families, as well as for basic research. The initiators of ...
Birgden Astrid - - 2011
Public policy is necessarily a political process with the law and order issue high on the political agenda. Consequently, working with sex offenders is fraught with legal and ethical minefields, including the mandate that community protection automatically outweighs offender rights. In addressing community protection, contemporary sex offender treatment is based ...
Adams Kevin - - 2011
Following legislative changes in 2004 and the establishment of the Human Tissue Authority, access to human tissues for biomedical research became a more onerous and tightly regulated process. Ethical Tissue was established to meet the growing demand for human tissues, using a process that provided ease of access by researchers ...
Talib Norchaya - - 2010
The doctrine of informed consent has the effect of allowing the mentally competent adult patient to exercise individual choice in any proposed medical treatment. The ethical principles primarily inherent in this doctrine would be the principles of autonomy and beneficence. However, it is argued in this essay that the concept ...
de Melo-Martín Inmaculada - - 2010
Recent advances in biotechnologies have led to speculations about enhancing human beings. Many of the moral arguments presented to defend human enhancement technologies have been limited to discussions of their risks and benefits. The author argues that in so far as ethical arguments focus primarily on risks and benefits of ...
Rothhaar Markus - - 2010
The concept of human dignity plays an important role in the public discussion about ethical questions concerning modern medicine and biology. At the same time, there is a widespread skepticism about the possibility to determine the content and the claims of human dignity. The article goes back to Kantian Moral ...
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