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Persson Ingmar - - 2015
In our book Unfit for the Future and a number of papers, we have argued that there is a dangerous mismatch between, on the one hand, the tremendous power of scientific technology, which has created societies with millions of citizens, and, on the other hand, our moral capacities, which have ...
Joynt Robert J - - 2014
After the death in 2012 of Dr. Robert Joynt, who served Neurology® as CPC Section Editor, an unfinished manuscript was found on his computer. It would have been his sixth Sherlock Holmes pastiche. Intrigued by the story but deflated at the lack of an ending, the editors published the case ...
Sato Hironobu H Japan Prosthodontic Society; Section of Fixed Prosthodontics, Department of Oral Rehabilitation, Fukuoka Dental College, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
A board certification system for prosthodontic specialists was established in 2005 by the Japan Prosthodontic Society (JPS), significantly later than the system established by the American Board of Prosthodontics in 1947. The purpose of this study is to outline the certification system for prosthodontic specialists in Japan and discuss and ...
Rhoads William J - - 2014
A new American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) standard for control of Legionella (ASHRAE Standard 188, 2013) emphasizes use of in-building disinfection techniques to reduce the exposure of at-risk consumers to opportunistic pathogens in premise plumbing (OPPPs). This standard and other recommendations for OPPP control have implications ...
Barkallah Mohamed M Unité de recherche Toxicologie - Microbiologie Environnementale et Santé (UR11ES70), Faculté des Sciences de Sfax, Université de Sfax-Tunisia, Sfax, - - 2014
Bovine abortion of unknown infectious etiology still remains a major economic problem. Thus, we investigated whether Brucella spp., Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella spp., Campylobacter spp. and Coxiella burnetii are associated with abortion and/or stillbirth in Tunisian dairy cattle. Using a pan-Chlamydiales PCR, we also investigated the role of Chlamydiaceae, Waddlia chondrophila, ...
Corr Charles A CA Suncoast Hospice Institute, Clearwater, - - 2014
This article focuses on Robert Kastenbaum's seminal concept of the societal death system. Beginning with conflicting claims that America is a death-denying society versus a death-accepting society, the article reports Kastenbaum's definition and description of the death system in American society and sets forth the seven functions and five elements ...
Olsen Jonathan W - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The number of procedures conducted within the radiology department using moderate sedation is rising. Anecdotal evidence suggests that there is an inconsistency in the education of radiology trainees regarding moderate sedation. CONCLUSION. The purpose of this article is to give an overview and concise summary of the use of ...
Hawley-Dolan Angelina - - 2013
Theory of mind, the capacity for reasoning about mental states such as beliefs and intentions, represents a critical input to ethical and aesthetic evaluations. Did the agent cause harm on purpose? Were those brushstrokes intentional? The current study investigates theory of mind for moral and artistic judgments within the same ...
Xu Yifan - - 2012
An anonymous questionnaire was used to investigate the status quo of ethics review of human subject experiments among postgraduate students in clinical practice with the main conclusions as follows: Human subject experiments make up a large ratio of clinical research; the construction of an ethics review has been initially formulated, ...
Logan Wayne A - - 2011
Sex offender registration and community notification laws have proved enormously popular in the U.S. This is so even though the avowed sexual violence preventive benefits of the laws remain largely untested and unproven; indeed, it remains an open question whether the laws actually have anti-therapeutic and criminogenic effect. This article ...
Bar-Oz Guy - - 2011
Continuous and intensive exploitation of wildlife resources by early agricultural societies had major ecological consequences in the ancient Near East. In particular, hunting strategies of post-Neolithic societies involving the mass killing of wild ungulates contributed to the eventual extirpation of a number of wild species. A remarkable deposit of bones ...
Caro J Jaime - - 2011
This article provides practical ethical guidance for clinicians making decisions after a nuclear detonation, in advance of the full establishment of a coordinated response. We argue that the utilitarian maxim of the greatest good for the greatest number, interpreted only as "the most lives saved," needs refinement. We take the ...
Davis Michael - - 2011
Judgment is central to engineering, medicine, the sciences and many other practical activities. For example, one who otherwise knows what engineers know but lacks "engineering judgment" may be an expert of sorts, a handy resource much like a reference book or database, but cannot be a competent engineer. Though often ...
Jones Howard W HW - - 2011
Surveillance is a triennial worldwide compendium of national rules and regulations for assisted reproductive technology. It was last published in 2007.
Wilkinson Jeffrey P - - 2011
Ethical decision making in women's health presents a series of unique challenges that are exacerbated considerably in under-resourced settings. Severe constraints on both autonomy and resources highlight limitations of principle-based ethics for addressing ethical dilemmas. Other useful ethical "tools" are considered in the context of 2 cases that emphasize the ...
Pacyga Dominic A - - 2011
World War Two and its aftermath transformed Chicago’s African American community. The Great Migration entered a second and more intense phase as black migrants flooded into Northern cities. This massive relocation of Southern blacks resulted in the expansion and reformulation of Chicago’s ghettoes on both the West and South Sides ...
Verkerk Marian A - - 2011
In an age of global capitalism, pandemics, far-flung biobanks, multinational drug trials and telemedicine it is impossible for bioethicists to ignore the global dimensions of their field. However, if they are to do good work on the issues that globalisation requires of them, they need theoretical resources that are up ...
Inhorn Marcia C - - 2010
The article examines religious and legal restrictions on third-party reproductive assistance in three Mediterranean countries: Sunni Egypt, Catholic Italy and multisectarian Lebanon. In Egypt, assisted reproduction treatments are permitted, but third parties are banned, as in the rest of the Sunni Islamic world. Italy became similar to Egypt with a ...
Nakhuda Gary S - - 2010
Cryopreservation of gametes and embryos allows for children to be conceived after the death of their genetic parents through the process of posthumous assisted reproduction (PAR). Although the techniques are routine, the moral and ethical details are controversial and remain unsettled. Furthermore, there are numerous medicolegal implications that complicate matters. ...
James Summer - - 2010
The goal of this article is to discuss the legal pitfalls that reproductive endocrinologists face when participating in gestational surrogacy contracts. This paper was composed using Westlaw and LexisNexis commercial legal search engines to perform a review of statutes and cases pertaining to gestational surrogacy. The search results demonstrated that ...
Dahl Edgar - - 2010
Many people look to religion to help resolve the serious moral and legal issues associated with assisted reproductive technologies. Doing so presupposes that religion is the cornerstone of ethics, but this assumption is not well founded. While various faiths are entitled to articulate their views on matters of human reproduction, ...
Chatzinikolaou Nikolaos - - 2010
Issues concerning the beginning of life and medical intervention in the onset of human existence are very delicate in their nature; they involve multi-dimensional knowledge, they are difficult to comprehend and sensitive to handle. When pure scientific elements are combined with profound emotions, when the genius of technological discoveries touches ...
Sleeboom-Faulkner Margaret - - 2010
This paper highlights a number of theoretical issues relevant to this special issue of Culture, Health & Sexuality on the quality of offspring, including gender selection, ecofeminism, eugenics, reproductive agency, moral pioneering and reproductive pragmatism in China, India and Japan. First, it discusses various approaches to choice in sex selection, ...
Solinger Rickie - - 2010
King v. Smith, the first welfare case heard by the U.S. Supreme Court, overturned the Alabama substitute father law. Such laws directed or allowed welfare officials to use the sexual behavior and reproductive capacity of poor African American women to alienate this population from "cash-money"; to reassert political and bureaucratic ...
van Zweden Jelle S JS Centre for Social Evolution; Department of Biology; University of Copenhagen; Copenhagen, - - 2010
Social insect workers are often capable of reproduction, but will not do so in the presence of a fertile queen. In large societies, queens are expected to produce a pheromone that honestly signals her dominance and/or fertility, to which workers respond by suppressing the development of their ovaries and by ...
- - 2009
Based on American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) and Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology data available in 2007, ASRM's guidelines for the number of embryos to be transferred in in vitro fertilization cycles have been further refined in continuing efforts to reduce the number of higher-order multiple pregnancies. This version ...
Oldroyd Benjamin P - - 2009
Insect colonies have been traditionally regarded as closed societies comprised of completely sterile workers ruled over by a single once-mated queen. However, over the past 15 years, microsatellite studies of parentage have revealed that this perception is far from the truth (Beekman & Oldroyd 2008). First, we learned that honey ...
Raposo Vera Lúcia - - 2009
Recently the Portuguese Constitutional Court was asked to analyze the constitutionality of the law on assisted reproduction, Law nr 32/2006. The request was presented by a conservative group, arguing, basically, that the law disregarded the juridical protection due to the embryo and to the participants in reproductive techniques. The main ...
Minkoff Howard - - 2009
The recent birth of octuplets unleashed a firestorm of publicity, casting a harsh light on the mother and her presumed inadequacies as a parent. It also raised questions about the role of reproductive endocrinologists. Herein we consider 3 aspects of this question: should reproductive endocrinologists consider the economic interests of ...
Hunt Patricia A - - 2009
It is increasingly evident that environmental factors are a veritable Pandora's box from which new concerns and complications continue to emerge. Although previously considered the domain of toxicologists, it is now clear that an understanding of the effects of the environment on reproduction requires a far broader range of expertise ...
Chamley Larry W - - 2009
The inaugural International Conference on Reproductive Immunology was hosted by the Hospital and Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Fudan University in Shanghai, People's Republic of China, in late August 2008. The meeting showcased cutting-edge basic and clinical research on the immunobiology of reproductive processes from several research groups in China, ...
Chotkowski, Michael A.
F-125-R-3 Annual Report issued September, 1997
Landeweerd Laurens - - 2009
In the past few years we have witnessed huge steps forwards in reproductive technology. Specifically genetic diagnosis has created a range of possibilities. This carries along benefits for prenatal care as well as carrying along unprecedented ethical dilemmas that demonstrate some more problematic sides of several basic notions in medical ...
Domeika M - - 2009
This report outlines the proceedings of the 4th Annual Meeting of the Eastern European Network for Sexual and Reproductive Health (EE SRH Network) [1,2], which took place at Uppsala University in Uppsala, Sweden between 30 May and 3 June, 2009.
Frydman Pr René - - 2009
Reproductive medicine is a new important field in all the countries. The possibilities are tremendous, therefore we have to decide if limits are necessary or should we consider that everything that have been initiated (as clone, gene transfer...) can be apply in humans. That will be the challenge of a ...
Merlet Françoise - - 2009
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) have changed life for the past 25 years and many ethical and social issues have emerged following this new method of conception. In order to protect individuals against scientific and ethical abuses without inhibiting scientific progress, a specific legal framework is necessary. The first French law ...
Spielman Bethany - - 2009
In re Matter of Daniel Thomas Christy authorized post mortem gamete retrieval under the most recent revision of the Uniform Anatomical Gift Act. This article recommends that the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws explicitly address the issue of post mortem gamete retrieval for reproductive purposes; that legislators ...
Tan Adrian Hock Guan - - 2008
Asia has come a long way in its laborious journey towards an inclusive society - one that allows full participation and equality for people with disability (PWD). The imminent aging population in Asia has injected a new-found urgency among the Asian legislators to get their countries prepared in anticipation of ...
Illmensee, Karl
Mammalian embryo biotechnology with multiple applications in reproductive and therapeutic medicine has been summarized in this review article. Risk factors at the molecular, genetic and chromosomal level that profoundly influence the outcome of reproductive cloning have been included for serious considerations. Interspecies embryo cloning has turned out to be a ...
Purdy Laura - - 2008
The Religious Right movement maintains that only sexual activity open to reproduction is morally acceptable, and that violating this imperative violates God's will. Religious progressives and secular humanists deny these positions, arguing instead that the moral quality of sex is determined by how its participants treat each other. However, religious ...
Zirkin Barry R - - 2007
With great warmth and profound sadness we remember Dr. Matthew P. Hardy who died unexpectedly on Sunday, November 4, after completing the New York Marathon. In Matt's quiet, unassuming way, he had become one of the preeminent reproductive biologists in the country, one who deservedly enjoyed a national and international ...
Hashiloni-Dolev Yael - - 2007
This paper discusses the policy debate and ethical discussion surrounding pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for sibling donor (SD) in Germany and Israel. Based on an analysis of the regulations and ethical discourse concerning a unique form of new reproductive technology (NRT)--PGD for SD--we complement the scholarly discussion of NRTs in ...
Clarke John - - 2007
Three scientific societies devoted to the study of reproduction were established in Britain, France and USA in the middle of the twentieth century by clinical, veterinary and agricultural scientists. The principal motivation for their establishment had been the study of sterility and fertility of people and livestock. There was also ...
McDougall Rosalind - - 2007
In this paper I explore the potential of virtue ethical ideas to generate a new way of thinking about the ethical questions surrounding the creation of children. Applying ideas from neo-Aristotelian virtue ethics to the parental sphere specifically, I develop a framework for the moral assessment of reproductive actions that ...
McGregor J - - 2007
In this paper, we will look at the development and the current status of the laws in France (and to some extent other EU nations) and the United States. In doing so, many differences will emerge about the views and values of assisted reproductive technology in the two countries. We ...
Turner, Dorothy Patricia
Copyright © 2004 Royal Society of South Australia
Grupen, C. G.
(c) 2002 The Japanese Society of Animal Reproduction
Shalvoy R B - - 2005
Extended abstract of a paper presented at Microscopy and Microanalysis 2005 in Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, July 31--August 4, 2005.
Shenfield F - - 2005
This 10th statement of the Task Force on Ethics and Law considers ethical questions specific to varied surrogacy arrangements. Surrogacy is especially complex as the interests of the intended parents, the surrogate, and the future child may differ. It is concluded that surrogacy is an acceptable method of assisted reproductive ...
Boggio Andrea - - 2005
In 2004, the Italian Parliament enacted a law regulating medically assisted reproduction. Although the law recognizes as legal certain assisted reproduction techniques, several other procedures are implicitly or expressly banned: oocyte and sperm donation, using embryos for the scientific research purposes and reproductive cloning. In this article, I outline the ...
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