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Kinsella Elizabeth Anne EA Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Occupational Therapy, Western University, 1201 Western Rd., Elborn College, London, ON, N6G 1H1, Canada, - - 2014
The ethical climate in which occupational therapists, and other health practitioners, currently practice is increasingly complex. There have been a number of calls for greater attention to ethics education within health science curricula. This study investigated occupational therapy students' perceptions of the meaning of ethical practice as a means of ...
Tremellen Kelton K Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Oxford, UK; Repromed, 180 Fullarton Road, Dulwich, South Australia, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Conception of a child using cryopreserved sperm from a deceased man is generally considered ethically sound provided explicit consent for its use has been made, thereby protecting the man's autonomy. When death is sudden (trauma, unexpected illness), explicit consent is not possible, thereby preventing posthumous sperm procurement (PSP) and conception ...
Rejnö Asa A Skaraborg Hospital Skövde, Sweden; University West, Sweden - - 2014
In end of life care, ethical problems often come to the fore. Little research is performed on ways or strategies for handling those problems and even less on obstacles to and possibilities of using such strategies. A previous study illuminated stroke team members' experiences of ethical problems and how the ...
Meacham Darian D University of the West of England, Bristol, UK - - 2014
The debate over the ethics of radically, technologically altering the capacities and traditional form of the human body is rife with appeals to and dismissals of the importance of the integrity of the human species. Species-integrist arguments can be found in authors as varied as Annas, Fukuyama, Habermas, and Agar. ...
Leese Henry J HJ Metabolic Research Unit, Centre for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research, Hull York Medical School, University of Hull , Hull, HU6 7RX , - - 2014
This article summarises presentations at the plenary session of the Annual Meeting of the British Fertility Society, on Effective nutrition from conception to adulthood, held in Sheffield, UK in January 2014. It highlights the pivotal role of the late David Barker (1938-2014) in revolutionising our understanding of the influence of ...
Williams Nicola J NJ Centre for Social Ethics and Policy, School of Law, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, Lancashire, M13 9PL, UK, - - 2014
Has the time come to put to bed the concept of a harm threshold when discussing the ethics of reproductive decision making and the legal limits that should be placed upon it? In this commentary, we defend the claim that there exist good moral reasons, despite the conclusions of the ...
Deodhar Atul - - 2014
The concept of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is new. Two recent trials on tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors for the treatment of axSpA using the Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) classification criteria for study inclusion were unsuccessful in obtaining the FDA approval. On January 16(th) , 2014, the executive committee ...
Ghaly Mohammed - - 2012
This article analyzes the religio-ethical discussions of Muslim religious scholars, which took place in Europe specifically in the UK and the Netherlands, on organ donation. After introductory notes on fatwas (Islamic religious guidelines) relevant to biomedical ethics and the socio-political context in which discussions on organ donation took place, the ...
Isaac Zacharia - - 2012
COMMENTARY ON: Wood DW, Haig AJ, Yamakawa KSJ. Fear of movement/(re)injury and activity avoidance in persons with neurogenic versus vascular claudication. Spine J 2012;12:292-300 (in this issue).
Meistrich Marvin L - - 2012
Footnote: This article will be jointly published in the Journal of Andrology and the International Journal of Andrology.History: Andrology is the study of health issues specific to men, with a focus on basic aspects of their reproductive system (gonads, endocrine, and accessory organs), and diagnosis and treatment of medical problems ...
Giubilini Alberto - - 2012
I challenge the idea that the argument from potential (AFP) represents a valid moral objection to abortion. I consider the form of AFP that was defended by Hare, which holds that abortion is against the interests of the potential person who is prevented from existing. My reply is that AFP, ...
Glenn Linda Macdonald - - 2012
Advances in regenerative nanomedicine raise a host of ethical, legal, and social questions that healthcare providers and scientists will need to consider. These questions and concerns include definitions, appropriate applications, dual use, potential risks, regulations, and access. In this chapter, we provide an overview of the questions and concerns and ...
Brezina Paul R - - 2012
Background. While assisted reproductive technology (ART), including in vitro fertilization has given hope to millions of couples suffering from infertility, it has also introduced countless ethical, legal, and social challenges. The objective of this paper is to identify the aspects of ART that are most relevant to present-day society and ...
Seifert Steven A - - 2011
This issue of The Journal of Medical Toxicology includes a position statement regarding the use of pressure immobilization for the pre-hospital treatment of North American Crotalinae envenomation. This commentary discusses the background behind the creation of the position statement and explores the issues involved in applying science to real-world public ...
Ivanic Aarti S - - 2011
A deeply entrenched status hierarchy in the United States classifies African Americans as lower status than Caucasians. Concurrently, African Americans face marketplace discrimination; they are treated as inferior and poor. Because having money and spending money signify status, we explored whether African Americans might elevate their willingness to pay for ...
Ramage John K JK Basingstoke and North Hampshire Hospital, Aldermaston Road, Basingstoke RG24 9NA, UK. - - 2012
These guidelines update previous guidance published in 2005. They have been revised by a group who are members of the UK and Ireland Neuroendocrine Tumour Society with endorsement from the clinical committees of the British Society of Gastroenterology, the Society for Endocrinology, the Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and ...
Riley Donna - - 2011
How has engineering ethics addressed gender concerns to date? How have the ideas of feminist philosophers and feminist ethicists made their way into engineering ethics? What might an explicitly feminist engineering ethics look like? This paper reviews some major themes in feminist ethics and then considers three areas in which ...
Lateef Fatimah - - 2011
A disaster is a situation that overwhelms the local population's capacity to respond, thus necessitating a request for assistance from outside the impacted area. In these circumstances, needs usually outweigh resources. The objective of response is to do the greatest good for the greatest number of people (the utilitarian principle). ...
Oughton D H - - 2011
The contamination of environments with radionuclides can give rise to consequences that encompass far more than health risks from exposure to radiation. As experience from Chernobyl demonstrated, both the accident and remediation measures can have serious social and economic consequences. This paper presents a review of some of these issues, ...
Wood Lori - - 2011
The Atlantic Canada Oncology Group (ACOG) Symposium is an annual meeting. For the first 8 years it was held in Cornerbrook (NL, Canada) and for the last 7 years it has been held in Prince Edward Island (Canada). The target audience are medical and radiation oncologists from across the Atlantic ...
Eidelson Roy - - 2011
Comprehensive Soldier Fitness (CSF), the focus of the January 2011 special issue of the American Psychologist, is a $125 million resilience training initiative designed to reduce and prevent the adverse psychological consequences of combat for soldiers and veterans. These are worthy goals. Soldiers and veterans deserve the best care possible, ...
McHale Jean V - - 2011
The huge potential of biobanks/genetic databases for the research community has been recognised across jurisdictions in both publicly funded and commercial sectors. But although there is tremendous potential there are likewise potential difficulties. The long-term storage of personal health information and samples poses major challenges. This is an area is ...
Dunford Elizabeth K - - 2011
To define the effectiveness of recent efforts by the Australian Division of World Action on Salt and Health, and the Heart Foundation in New Zealand to reduce sodium levels in breads in Australia and New Zealand. Data on the sodium contents of packaged sliced bread products sold in Australian and ...
Engelhardt H Tristram HT - - 2011
The American Society for Bioethics and the Humanities (ASBH) issued its Core Competencies for Health Care Ethics Consultation just as it is becoming ever clearer that secular ethics is intractably plural and without foundations in any reality that is not a social-historical construction (ASBH Core Competencies for Health Care Ethics ...
O'Hara Ross E RE Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, USA. - - 2012
African Americans trail European Americans in terms of academic achievement, even when accounting for differences in socioeconomic status. One cause of this gap may be racial discrimination. In the current article the authors hypothesized that early perceived racial discrimination (by 5th grade) would predict college enrollment, mediated by changes from ...
Kulczycki Andrzej - - 2011
Latin America is undergoing profound social, economic, political, demographic, and epidemiologic change. Reproductive health indicators have generally improved over the past two decades, but most pregnancies are still unintended and more than 4 million are terminated annually. Clandestine abortions necessitated by restrictive legal and social structures cause more than 1,000 ...
Barnard Eep - - 2011
Held at the Royal Society of Medicine, London, at 1930 h on 30 September 1971. Surgeon Captain Rawlins RN, representing the founding members, took the chair and gave a brief introduction in which he explained the need for a group within Europe to organise scientific meetings to discuss the physiological ...
Kahn Norman B NB - - 2011
Conflicts of interest in medicine have received significant attention in recent years, through the public and professional media, federal and state governments, and through a 2009 report of the Institute of Medicine on Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education and Practice. The Council of Medical Specialty Societies (CMSS) Code ...
Marandi Toomas - - 2011
Dr T. Marandi, President 2009–2011, discusses the role of this young society in a small Northern European nation
Moran Jean M - - 2011
This report on intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is part of a series of white papers addressing patient safety commissioned by the American Society for Radiation Oncology's (ASTRO) Target Safely Campaign. The document has been approved by the ASTRO Board of Directors, endorsed by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine ...
Bruni Tommaso - - 2011
A recent study by Castellani et al. (JAMA 302(23):2573-2579, 2009) describes the population-level effects of the choices of individuals who underwent molecular carrier screening for cystic fibrosis (CF) in Veneto, in the northeastern part of Italy, between 1993 and 2007. We discuss some of the ethical issues raised by the ...
Davis Michael - - 2011
Both of us have been involved with helping professions, especially new scientific or technological professions, develop ethics programs-for undergraduates, graduates, and practitioners. By "ethics program", we mean any strategy for teaching ethics, including developing materials. Our purpose here is to generalize from that experience to identify the chief elements needed ...
Anderson Peter - - 2011
Since 2008, the World Economic Forum has identified noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) as a leading threat to the global economy both in terms of their cost and likelihood of happening. The Global Agenda Council on NCDs, a think tank of leaders in the field, was created by the World Economic Forum ...
Abdalla Eddie K - - 2011
The Americas Hepato-Pancreato Biliary Association (AHPBA) Annual 2011 Meeting provided a forum for discussion of multidisciplinary advances surrounding six tracks including the liver, biliary system, liver transplantation, pancreas, imaging and biomedical engineering and general hepato-pancreato biliary (HPB) surgical disease. The meeting and postgraduate courses attracted the largest ever attendance and ...
Strachan Roxanne E - - 2011
Summary of a position statement from the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand*
- - 2011
In accordance with the bylaws of the American Psychological Association (APA), the Ethics Committee reports regularly to the membership regarding the number and types of ethics matters investigated and the major programs undertaken. In 2010, ethics adjudication, ethics education and consultation, and special projects were activities of the Ethics Committee ...
Meulenbelt I I Department of Molecular Epidemiology, LUMC, Leiden, The Netherlands. - - 2011
On November fourth and fifth 2010 a group of more than 100 international investigators gathered in Atlanta for the second Osteoarthritis (OA) Biomarkers Global Initiative workshop titled "Genetics and Genomics: New Targets in OA". The first workshop took place in April 2009 and focused on in vitro (soluble) biomarkers whilst the ...
Wolfe Audra J - - 2011
In September 1950, the Genetics Society of America (GSA) dedicated its annual meeting to a "Golden Jubilee of Genetics" that celebrated the 50th anniversary of the rediscovery of Mendel's work. This program, originally intended as a small ceremony attached to the coattails of the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) ...
Taneri Bahar - - 2011
Abstract When bioinformatics education is considered, several issues are addressed. At the undergraduate level, the main issue revolves around conveying information from two main and different fields: biology and computer science. At the graduate level, the main issue is bridging the gap between biology students and computer science students. However, ...
Petrini C - - 2011
"Good samaritan" donation has been of great interest in Italy. At the request of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, the National Committee on Bioethics expressed its opinion on the matter. While highlighting its controversial aspects, the assessment was favorable. The National Council for Health established working criteria. Yet ...
Barbault Robert - - 2011
Proclaimed "International Year of Biodiversity", will 2010 hold all its promises? Reminder: initiated by the Convention on Biological Diversity ratified after the global summit in Rio de Janeiro, delegations from more than one hundred countries gathered in Johannesburg in 2002 and committed themselves to slowing the erosion of biodiversity by ...
Madanamoothoo Allane - - 2011
Since the advent of test-tube babies, advances in the biomedical field have risen steadily. In parallel, the scientific body has never since ceased to debate the ethical issues that they arise. This is particularly the case regarding saviour-sibling. Saviour-sibling refers to a child who is conceived to cure an older ...
Schuurman Henk-Jan - - 2011
This manuscript presents a summary of the Symposium "Xenotransplantation, from the Lab to the Clinic," held at the XXIII International Congress of The Transplantation Society, August 2010. This Symposium was timely in view of recent developments in translational research in the field, and the initiation of clinical trials after a ...
Walenta K - - 2011
This article provides information and commentaries on trials which were presented at the Hotline and Clinical Trial Update Sessions during the Late Breaking Clinical Trial Sessions at the 60th annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology in New Orleans, USA, from 2nd April to 5th April 2011. This article ...
Steensma David P - - 2011
The December 2010 American Society of Hematology (ASH) annual meeting in Orlando, Florida included more than 150 abstracts in the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) category. Thirty-six MDS-focused abstracts were presented in 6 oral sessions, and 120 additional abstracts were presented in 3 poster sessions. Although the 2010 ASH annual meeting included ...
Kato Yutaka - - 2011
The aim of this paper is to introduce some characteristics of the historical as well as current situation of nanotech research and development in Japan in particular including regulations, and to discuss how ethical issues of nanotechnology should be addressed or how the ethics of nanotechnology should be constructed to ...
Robak Tadeusz - - 2011
In the last few years, several new purine and pyrimidine nucleoside analogs have been synthesized and made available for both preclinical studies and clinical trials. This article summarizes recent achievements in the mechanism of action, pharmacological properties and clinical activity and toxicity as well as the emerging role of newer ...
Konishi Yoichi - - 2011
The Japanese Society of Toxicologic Pathology (JSTP) has a differing conceptual framework from the Japanese Society of Pathology (JSP) and Japanese Society of Toxicology (JST) and was founded in 1985 by the leadership of late Dr. Yasukazu Nishiyama with the cooperation of several founding members and the support of JSP. ...
Sanz Mariano - - 2011
Sanz M, Lang NP, Kinane DF, Berglundh T, Chapple I, Tonetti MS. Seventh European Workshop on Periodontology of the European Academy of Periodontology at the Parador at La Granja, Segovia, Spain. J Clin Periodontol 2011; 38 (Suppl. 11): 1-2. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2010.01692.x.
Ruperto Nicolino - - 2011
Networking is key to overcoming the logistical, methodological and ethical problems related to the implementation of paediatric studies. The adoption of legislation to encourage paediatric clinical trials by the American and European regulatory agencies has opened a new era in the assessment of drug safety and efficacy in children. Two ...
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