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Kengne-Ouafo Jonas A - - 2014
Understanding local contextual factors is important when conducting international collaborative studies in low-income country settings. Rapid ethical assessment (a brief qualitative intervention designed to map the ethical terrain of a research setting prior to recruitment of participants), has been used in a range of research-naive settings. We used rapid ethical ...
Müller Christin R CR Institute of Education, Technical University Berlin , Berlin, Germany - - 2014
Abstract The use of digital information and communication technologies is an integral part of adolescents' everyday life. Besides various opportunities for information, entertainment, and communication, media use is associated with risks such as cyberbullying. Cyberbullying refers to aggressive behavior in the context of computer-mediated communication, characterized by repetition, an intention ...
Farisco Michele M Centre for Research Ethics and Bioethics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden, - - 2014
The paper starts by analyzing recent advancements in neurotechnological assessment of residual consciousnessConsciousness in patients with disorders of consciousnessDisorders of consciousness and in neurotechnology-mediated communication with them. Ethical issues arising from these developments are described, with particular focus on informed consent. Against this background, we argue for the necessity of ...
Isakson Marcia M Appl. Res. Labs., The Univ. of Texas at Austin, 10000 Burnet Rd., Austin, TX 78713, - - 2014
The underwater acoustics (UW) technical committee (TC) is a dynamic group of investigators researching such varied fields as acoustic tomography, underwater acoustic communications, and shallow water waveguide propagation. In this overview of the UW TC, a brief introduction of the goals and interests of the community will be followed with ...
Al-Arifi Mohamed N MN Clinical Pharmacy Department, Director of Drug and Poison Information Center, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to identify the community pharmacist perceptions and attitudes toward ethical issues at community pharmacy setting in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional, descriptive, and qualitative survey of community pharmacists was conducted and the survey questions were pre-tested by a pharmacist with extensive experience in ethical issues. ...
González Alló A A Universidad de Valencia. - - 2013
Short Communication selected from the Oral Presentations of the 56th Congress of the Groupèment International pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie et Odontologie, Peñafiel (Portugal) May 2012.
Castello T L - - 2013
Short Communication selected from the Oral Presentations of the 56th Congress of the Groupèment International pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie et Odontologie, Peñafiel (Portugal) May 2012.
Alves-Ferreira M M Universidade do Porto. - - 2013
Short Communication selected from the Oral Presentations of the 56th Congress of the Groupèment International pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie et Odontologie, Peñafiel (Portugal) May 2012.
Cruz S - - 2013
Short Communication selected from the Oral Presentations of the 56th Congress of the Groupèment International pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie et Odontologie, Peñafiel (Portugal) May 2012.
Tavares Jc J Instituto Superior de Ciências da Saúde -Norte (ISCS-N). - - 2013
Short Communication selected from the Oral Presentations of the 56th Congress of the Groupèment International pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie et Odontologie, Peñafiel (Portugal) May 2012.
Mathew Jacob - - 2011
The 3rd Breast-Gynecological International Cancer Conference, supported by the European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO), was held in Cairo (Egypt) on 13-14 January 2011. The meeting was conducted under the patronage of Egypt's Ministry of Health, with the scientific committee led by Heba El Zawahry from the National Cancer Institute ...
Farr Alex - - 2011
At the recent annual congress, of the European Association of Urology (EAU), urologists from around the world presented their exciting discoveries related to an array of topics. Besides the huge variety of different sessions and courses, the EAU Section of Uro-Technology (ESUT) transmitted live broadcasts of surgeries from the medical ...
Morgensztern Daniel - - 2011
A number of novel agents are currently being tested in clinical trials in patients with cancer. Results from early-phase trials, often in unselected groups of patients with a wide variety of cancer types, were reported at the 46th annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). We report ...
Droste Sigrid - - 2011
An effectiveness assessment on ASCT in locally advanced and metastatic breast cancer identified serious ethical issues associated with this intervention. Our objective was to systematically review these aspects by means of a literature analysis. We chose the reflexive Socratic approach as the review method using Hofmann's question list, conducted a ...
Mesri Mehdi - - 2010
The 3rd annual 'Cancer Proteomics Conference', organized by Select Biosciences (Sudbury, UK), was held in Berlin, Germany, 8-9 June 2010. With the aim of strengthening the links between scientists from Europe, as well as international investigators worldwide, more than 200 delegates attended, representing various countries. The Conference covered many topics ...
Braude Hillel - - 2012
Over the past several decades the 'affective revolution' in cognitive psychology has emphasized the critical role affect and emotion play in human decision-making. Drawing on this affective literature, various commentators have recently proposed strategies for managing therapeutic expectation that use contextual, symbolic, or emotive interventions in the consent process to ...
Bilgel Fırat - - 2012
This article purports to advance the literature on the impact of presumed consent laws on deceased donation rates by examining the interactions between a presumed consent legal regime and other customs and institutions, using data on health expenditure, death rates caused by cerebro vascular diseases, motor vehicle accidents and homicides, ...
Braun A R - - 2010
The legal and ethical requirements related to an anaesthetist's communication with patients in preparing them for anaesthesia, assisting them in making appropriate decisions and obtaining consent in a formal sense are complex. Doing these things well takes time, skill and sensitivity. The primary focus should be to adequately prepare patients ...
Jacobs Johannes F - - 2010
The risks of novel technologies, such as nano(bio)technology cannot be fully assessed due to the existing uncertainties surrounding their introduction into society. Consequently, the introduction of innovative technologies can be conceptualised as a societal experiment, which is a helpful approach to evaluate moral acceptability. This approach is illustrated with the ...
Nunez-Wallace Karen R - - 2010
During an outcomes study of spasticity treatment at a developmental center for 62 residents with profound intellectual disabilities, either botulinum toxin A (BTX-A), intrathecal baclofen (ITB), or both were recommended with physical and occupational therapy. Conservators consented to BTX-A more than ITB (p = .021). Court-appointed conservators were more likely ...
Petrini C - - 2010
Living organ donation and participation in clinical research trials have several features in common from an ethical perspective. The primary similarity is risk justification: the risk of harm to living organ donors and clinical research participants is justified by a resulting benefit to one or more other individuals. Some authors ...
Pope Thaddeus Mason - - 2010
This issue's "Legal Briefing" column covers legal developments pertaining to informed consent. Not only has this topic been the subject of recent articles in this journal, but it also been the subject of numerous public and professional discussions over the past several months. Legal developments concerning informed consent can be ...
Petrini Carlo - - 2009
The article contains a list of national and international documents addressing the ethical aspects of biobanking, which were drafted by national bioethics committees; national ad hoc commissions; and national and international agencies, organizations, and societies. The greater part of the documents specifically focuses on questions involving the ethics of informed ...
Tolich Martin - - 2009
USA dominance of international clinical trials mandates complex and lengthy participant information sheets and limits the amount of scrutiny New Zealand ethics committees can have over information sheets form or content. This paper provides an alternative exemplar: a summary of a lengthy participant information sheet written in less than one ...
Sparrow Robert - - 2009
The risk posed to the community by possible xenozoonosis after xenotransplantation suggests that some form of 'community consent' is required before whole organ animal-to-human xenotransplantation should take place. I argue that this requirement places greater obstacles in the path of ethical xenotransplantation than has previously been recognised. The relevant community ...
Adamis Dimitrios - - 2010
Here we describe how more important findings were obtained in a delirium study by using an informal assessment of mental capacity, and, in those who lacked capacity, obtaining consent later when or if capacity returned or a proxy was found. From a total of 233 patients 23 patients lacked capacity ...
Malhotra Savita - - 2009
Issues relating to informed consent and ethics in paediatric psychopharmacology limit research in this population. Children vary in their levels of cognitive development, and presence of psychiatric disorder may further impair their ability to give informed consent. In decisional impairment subjects, various methods used for consent are assent/dissent; inclusion of ...
Resnik David B - - 2009
This commentary argues that, despite extensive critiques of informed consent documents, there are several ethical and legal reasons for investigators and IRB members to take these documents seriously.
Fisher Mary Alice - - 2008
Replies to comments on the author's original article Protecting confidentiality rights: The need for an ethical practice model. The important issues raised by Pipes, Blevens, and Kluck illustrate the complications that can arise in discussing confidentiality and making decisions about it: First, they noted that the term client consent is ...
Alexandroff A B - - 2008
In our report we summarize presentations made at the International Review of Current Problems in Contact Dermatitis meeting which took place at the St John's Institute of Dermatology, London, on 1 June 2007, and which brought together over 100 dermatologists from the U.K., continental Europe and the U.S.A. During this ...
Delany C C School of Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Melbourne, Australia. - - 2008
Obtaining patients' informed consent is an ethical and legal obligation in healthcare practice. Whilst the law provides prescriptive rules and guidelines, ethical theories of autonomy provide moral foundations. Models of practice of consent, have been developed in the bioethical literature to assist in understanding and integrating the ethical theory of ...
Redondo Jaime - - 2008
This article present the Spanish assessments of the 111 sounds included in the International Affective Digitized Sounds (IADS; Bradley & Lang, 1999b). The sounds were evaluated by 159 participants in the dimensions of valence, arousal, and dominance, using a computer version of the Self-Assessment Manikin (Bradley & Lang, 1994). Results ...
- - 2008
Award for Lifetime Achievements in Acoustics to Gunnar RasmussenAward for Contributions to the Promotion of Acoustics in Europe to the Federation of Acoustical Societies of Europe (FASE) 1971-1996Award for Outstanding Recent Scientific Results Published in Acta Acustica united with Acustica to Catherine Guastavino, Brian F. G. Katz, Jean-Dominique Polack, Daniel ...
Chervenak Frank A - - 2008
We identify the clinical implications of the ethics of informed consent for risk assessment for trisomy 21. Based on the ethics of informed consent, we argue that routinely offering first-trimester risk assessment in centers qualified to provide it is ethically obligatory. We describe how pregnant women can be expected to ...
Bhavnani M - - 2008
Eight cases discussed by experts at the 2007 Annual Scientific Meeting of the British Society of Haematology are presented as at the meeting, with a discussion of the morphological features, digital information and differential diagnosis being followed by further information and a final diagnosis. Additionally, digital slides of two of ...
Liégeois A - - 2008
In psychiatry, caregivers try to get free and informed consent of patients, but often feel required to restrict freedom and to use coercion. The present article develops ethical advice given by an Ethics Committee for Mental Health Care. The advice recommends an ethical ideal of shared deliberation, consisting of information, ...
Satyanarayana Rao K H - - 2008
Informed consent is a vital document while performing all surgical and aesthetic procedures, particularly in the current day practice. Proper documentation and counseling of patients is important in any informed consent.
Rajkumar A P - - 2007
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is controversial but widely practised in India. We elicited perspectives, using qualitative interviews, from patients who received ECT and their relatives. Ethical issues related to personal autonomy, right to information, competence, informed consent and consent by proxy are discussed. We suggest strategies to ensure a basic minimum ...
Ritchie Christine S - - 2007
Enteral nutrition, in many respects more than other medical interventions, has been in the limelight concerning the ethics of withdrawing or withholding nutritional support. This article describes the ethical and legal issues surrounding enteral nutrition, identifies the elements of informed consent for enteral nutrition, provides an overview of the endoscopic ...
Rasul Golam - - 2007
As in other mountain regions of Asia, agricultural lands in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) of Bangladesh are undergoing degradation due primarily to environmentally incompatible land-use systems such as shifting cultivation (jhum) and annual cash crops. The suitable land-use systems such as agroforestry and timber tree plantation provide benefit to ...
Calabrese Edward J - - 2007
In a recent paper in Science and Engineering Ethics (SEE) Elliott proposed an ethics of expertise, providing its theoretical foundation along with its application in a case study devoted to the topic of hormesis. The application is based on a commentary in the journal Nature, and it includes assertions of ...
Dahm-Daphi Jochen - - 2007
A comprehensive meeting on current aspects of DNA repair organized by, Jochen Dahm-Daphi, Ekkehard Dikomey, Alexander Bürkle, Marlis Frankenberg-Schwager, Frank Grosse, Andrea Hartwig, George Iliakis, Bernd Kaina, Jürgen Thomale, and Lisa Wiesmüller was held in Hamburg, Germany from 12 to 15 September 2006. This article summarizes information of invited lectures ...
Gertsenstein Marina - - 2007
The 7th Transgenic Technology meeting was held in Brisbane, Australia on February 12-14, 2007. Not only did this gathering mark a milestone as it was hosted outside the European continent for the first time, but also because it was the initial meeting to be held on behalf of the new ...
Dahm-Daphi Jochen - - 2007
A comprehensive meeting on current aspects of DNA repair organized by, Jochen Dahm-Daphi, Ekkehard Dikomey, Alexander B_rkle, Marlis Frankenberg-Schwager, Frank Grosse, Andrea Hartwig, George Iliakis, Bernd Kaina, J_rgen Thomale, and Lisa Wiesm_ller was held in Hamburg, Germany from September 12 to 15, 2006. This article summarizes information of invited lectures ...
Zinman Edwin J - - 2007
The core principles of dental ethics and legal standards of care have similar foundations. Both are dedicated to place the patient's best interest as primary and the practitioner's interest as secondary, Similarities between ethics and the law demonstrate that most often there may be distinctions but little core differences. Informed ...
- - 2007
The Israel Society for Neuroscience (ISFN) was founded in 1993 by a group of Israeli leading scientists conducting research in the area of neurobiology. The primary goal of the society was to promote and disseminate the knowledge and understanding acquired by its members, and to strengthen interactions between them. Since ...
- - 2007
The Israel Society for Neuroscience-ISFN-was founded in 1993 by a group of Israeli leading scientists conducting research in the area of neurobiology. The primary goal of the society was to promote and disseminate the knowledge and understanding acquired by its members, and to strengthen interactions between them. Since then, the ...
Elhence Priti - - 2006
The practice of transfusion medicine involves a number of ethical issues because blood comes from human beings and is a precious resource with a limited shelf life. In 1980 the International Society of Blood Transfusion endorsed its first formal code of ethics, which was adopted by the World Health Organisation ...
Gibson T M - - 2006
There are many ways of enhancing human performance. For military aviation in general, and for spaceflight in particular, the most important tools are selection, training, equipment, pharmacology, and surgery. In the future, genetic manipulation may be feasible. For each of these tools, the specific modalities available range from the ethically ...
Lind Christopher - - 2006
What ethical norms regarding confidentiality are applied by ministers in their professional practice? In this essay conventional ethical assumptions about confidentiality in ministry, taken from the work of Gaylord Noyce, are compared with the experiences, attitudes, and expectations of ordered and lay members of the Anglican Church of Canada and ...
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