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Rogatz Peter P Compassion & Choices of New - - 2014
A commentary on "Physician Assisted Dying: A Subtler Slippery Slope," by Thomas Duffy, in the March-April 2014 issue.
- - 2014
Compulsory microchipping of dogs, TB in cats and veterinary surveillance were all considered in a forum at this year's BSAVA congress, during which delegates had the chance to put questions to the chief veterinary officers of Wales and Northern Ireland, and the deputy CVO for the UK. Kathryn Clark reports.
- - 2014
The cover of this issue of Luminescence features early chemi- and bioluminescence advertisement.
Griffith Richard R Lecturer in Health Law, School of Health Science, Swansea - - 2014
Calls for a change in the law to allow strictly controlled forms of assisted dying in the UK have resurfaced following a much-publicised storyline on the subject on the TV soap opera Coronation Street and the impending debate on Lord Falconer's Assisted Dying Bill in the House of Lords. This ...
Denholm J T JT Ethics Advisory Group, International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Paris, France; Victorian Infectious Disease Service, Royal Melbourne Hospital, at the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
Policies involving the use of involuntary incarceration for tuberculosis (TB) are highly ethically controversial. To encourage ethical reflection within the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union), the Ethics Advisory Group (EAG) surveyed members regarding their attitudes and values relating to involuntary incarceration for TB. Members of the ...
- - 2013
ERS-FELLOWSHIPS 2014 Sponsored by THE EUROPEAN RHINOLOGIC SOCIETY Available to junior members of ERS (under 35 years) One place available on each of the following Courses in 2014.
Heino Anna - - 2013
ABSTRACT The issue of conscientious objection (CO) arises in healthcare when doctors and nurses refuse to have any involvement in the provision of treatment of certain patients due to their religious or moral beliefs. Most commonly CO is invoked when it comes to induced abortion. Of the EU member states ...
Mulley Graham P - - 2013
There are two major European Courts, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). The ECJ deals with legal matters, mainly involving the interpretation of EU law and ensuring that the law is applied evenly across all 27 EU member states. The ECHR aims ...
Siva Brian - - 2013
A core competency of Nephrology should be the capacity to diagnose dying. Withdrawal of dialysis is ethically and legally valid.
de Recherché Sure L'usage des Médicaments Réseau Québécois - - 2013
Colloqué Annuel 2013 du Regroupement Québecois de Resherche sur l'usage du médicamentAbstracts presented at Hotel Best Western Europa, Montreal QuebecSeptember 17-18, 2013 
Brickner Philip W - - 2012
Concerns about the safety of Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation (UVGI) applications on human beings have been an issue at least since the introduction of this technology for practical use in the 1930s. The resurgence of tuberculosis (TB) in the United States in the mid-1980s led to a revival of interest in ...
Taylor Pamela J - - 2012
Certified medical specialists, including forensic psychiatrists, from the 27 member states of the European Union (EU) may practise in each other's countries, but there are professional and legal differences between them. One may lie in whether a patient's treating doctor/clinician may give expert evidence about that person in court. To ...
Tashiro Shimon - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The use of placebo controls in psychiatric research is controversial. In this article, we focus on a troubling Japanese case of a randomized withdrawal trial of the antidepressant sertraline and analyze the ethical issues underlying it. First, we consider whether a placebo-controlled withdrawal trial should, in general, be considered ...
Cloos Patrick P Faculté des arts et des sciences, École de service social, Université de Montréal, Montréal, - - 2012
RSUM Aux États-Unis, une intensification de l'usage de la race en santé publique a récemment été notée ; une idée qui est pourtant controversée dans les sciences. La race a été vue dans ce contexte comme un objet de discours entre pouvoirs et savoirs, un objet qui se réfère au ...
Harolds Jay A - - 2012
The attendees at a meeting have different ways in which they get information and make decisions, different personal needs, and different ways in which they participate in groups. Some have counterproductive behaviors in committee meetings, such as attacking others, talking too long but not saying much, talking too little, deliberately ...
Kebede Meselu Taye - - 2012
In contemporary Ethiopia, abortion decision-making is a challenging process involving moral and/or religious dilemmas, as well as considerations of health and safety. Amidst widespread condemnation of female premarital sex and clear moral sanction against induced abortion, young Ethiopian women are nevertheless sexually active and induced abortions are still sought and ...
Malpas Phillipa J - - 2012
The decision to deactivate a pacemaker in a pacing-dependent patient is troubling for some health professionals who may regard such interventions as hastening death and therefore ethically impermissible. This may be especially concerning in situations where a patient is unable to clearly state what their preferences may be and the ...
Harolds Jay A - - 2012
There are many components of a decision-making meeting. The role of the chairperson, important aspects of how to begin a meeting, the technique of brainstorming, and follow-up after a meeting are described in this article.
Harolds Jay - - 2011
Meetings are held by leaders for many purposes, including conveying information, raising morale, asking for opinions, brain storming, making people part of the problem-solving process, building trust, getting to a consensus, and making decisions. However, many meetings waste time, some undermine the leader's power, and some decrease morale. Part I ...
Barnett Jeffrey E - - 2011
Self-disclosure is an ever present and unavoidable aspect of psychotherapy. But, why, how, and when it is done requires careful forethought. The use of self-disclosure is discussed in the context of boundaries, highlighting its ethical and appropriate use in psychotherapy. Rather than avoiding self-disclosure out of a fear of violating ...
Muirhead William - - 2011
Medical ethical analysis remains dominated by the principlist account first proposed by Beauchamp and Childress. This paper argues that the principlist model is unreflective of how ethical decisions are taken in clinical practice. Two kinds of medical ethical decisions are distinguished: biosocial ethics and clinical ethics. It is argued that ...
Chabon Shelly - - 2011
Infusing evidence-based practice (EBP) into the clinical setting implies that professionals use evidence that is relevant and credible, maintain their pursuit of best current knowledge, respect their clients' preferences and values, and keep these clients and their families appropriately informed about their treatment options. Thus, rational and judicious EBP must ...
Smith Elise - - 2011
In this article, I study the challenges that make database and material bank sharing difficult for many researchers. I assert that if sharing is prima facie ethical (a view that I will defend), then any practices that limit sharing require justification. I argue that: 1) data and material sharing is ...
Gilmour Joan - - 2011
In this article we introduce a series of 8 case scenarios and commentaries and explore the complex legal, ethical, and clinical concerns that arise when pediatric patients and their parents or health care providers use or are interested in using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). People around the world rely ...
Jones C Rick - - 2011
The International Radiation Protection Association (IRPA) published their Guiding Principles for Radiation Protection Professionals on Stakeholder Engagement in February 2009. The publication of this document is the culmination of four years of work by the Spanish Society for Radiological Protection, the French Society of Radioprotection, the United Kingdom Society of ...
Guillem Pascale - - 2011
Resulting medical decision from a multidisciplinary team (MDT) meeting has to be accurate regarding to various patient criteria and relevant specialists participation. The target is to optimize treatment or management options for patients taking into account patients' benefit. The aim of our study was to examine quality criteria of MDT ...
Rogerson Mark D - - 2011
Most current ethical decision-making models provide a logical and reasoned process for making ethical judgments, but these models are empirically unproven and rely upon assumptions of rational, conscious, and quasilegal reasoning. Such models predominate despite the fact that many nonrational factors influence ethical thought and behavior, including context, perceptions, relationships, ...
Moss Alvin H - - 2011
Summary When the US Congress created the End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Program in 1972, it gave physicians the responsibility of determining which patients were "appropriate" for dialysis. Congress provided no guidance on who should be selected or how. Only five years later, Dr. Belding Scribner, the father of chronic dialysis, ...
Biller-Andorno Nikola - - 2011
Living organ donation requires hurting one person-at least physically-to help another. This can be morally justifiable if certain ethical criteria are met, among them voluntary and informed consent. In the existing guidance, voluntariness is usually vaguely defined as the absence of coercion. This, however, is not enough as a basis ...
Ibrahim George M - - 2011
The widespread inclusion of surgical strategies in the treatment of medically intractable epilepsy is largely justified by the medical and psychosocial burden of the illness. Performing these procedures in pediatric populations is associated with distinct challenges ranging from unique seizure etiologies to issues surrounding brain development and functional plasticity. As ...
Leach Bennett Judie - - 2011
Blood safety decision making has become increasingly complex, and a framework for risk-based decision making is, thus, needed. The purpose of this consensus conference was to bring together international experts in an effort to develop the foundations for such a framework. These proceedings are described with a view to making ...
Greenberger Chaya - - 2011
This article describes how ethical issues in health are approached and resolved within the framework of Jewish bioethics. Its main purpose is to explore the range of sources and methodologies used to determine the appropriate hierarchy of values for various ethical scenarios. Its major thrust is to illustrate how a ...
Engelhardt H Tristram HT - - 2011
In the face of the moral pluralism that results from the death of God and the abandonment of a God's eye perspective in secular philosophy, bioethics arose in a context that renders it essentially incapable of giving answers to substantive moral questions, such as concerning the permissibility of abortion, human ...
Shalev Carmel - - 2011
This paper provides an overview of bioethics governance in Israel through an analytical description of the legal framework for the interface between individuals and biomedical practices. There is no national agency with general oversight of bioethics policy and decision making, and the rules that apply to individual usage of biomedical ...
Rimon-Zarfaty Nitzan - - 2011
The Israeli law of abortions (1977) legally authorises hospital committees to decide upon women's requests for selective abortion. One of the law's clauses determines that abortions can be approved in cases of an embryopathy. However, the law does not provide any clear definitions of those fetal 'physical or mental defects' ...
Placencia Frank X - - 2011
Neonatal ethics has focused on 2 questions: is withholding potentially live-saving treatment from neonates ethically justified? and if so, who has the authority to decide? This article details how these questions developed and provides a description of the possible answers. In the first section, we review a selection of seminal ...
Rusby Jennifer E - - 2011
Although there is scant evidence to support multidisciplinary meetings in any cancer specialty, they are now regarded as best practice. We believe the oncoplastic multidisciplinary meeting plays a similarly important role, consolidating oncoplastic multidisciplinary working and allowing transparent decision making, standardisation of care and recording of results. This may drive ...
Moss Kate - - 2011
The debate about law and morality is not new but changing social structures and advances in science, medicine and technology have impacted the decisions courts have to make. Within the fast-changing societies of the 21st century, is judicial decision-making cognisant of these advances and how do the judiciary currently reconcile ...
Thomas Jennie - - 2011
Making difficult healthcare decisions is often helped by consultation with a bioethics committee. This article reviews the main bioethics principles, when it is appropriate and how to call a bioethics consult, ethical concerns, and members of the consult team. Bioethics resources are included.
Fieldsend David - - 2011
This article, taken from a presentation to the 2011 European Association of Centres of Medical Ethics (EACME) annual conference, draws on both national legislation in European states and the Conventions of the Council of Europe as well as EU instruments such the Opinions of the European Group on Ethics in ...
Pope Thaddeus Mason - - 2011
This issue's "Legal Briefing" column covers recent legal developments involving institutional healthcare ethics committees. This topic has been the subject of recent articles in JCE. Healthcare ethics committees have also recently been the subject of significant public policy attention. Disturbingly, Bobby Schindler and others have described ethics committees as "death ...
Room Robin - - 2011
Different alcoholic beverages are seen as causing more or less trouble, with spirits historically often seen as the most troublesome. Differences in the "trouble per litre" could reflect differences in the beverages themselves (e.g., faster effect of stronger beverages, additives/contaminants in informal beverages), or could reflect characteristics of those drinking ...
Grönlund Catarina E C Fischer - - 2011
This study is part of a major study about difficulties in communicating ethical problems within and among professional groups working in hemodialysis care. Describing experiences of ethically difficult situations that induce a troubled conscience may raise consciousness about ethical problems and thereby open the way to further reflection.The aim of ...
Koren E - - 2010
How do carers know what is right for their patient? What can they do further to relying on the two pillars of knowledge and ethics? Knowledge foregrounds rational decision-making based on scientific evidence. It allows cost-benefit rationalization and the choice of the best feasible objective. The steady advance of medical ...
Chervenak Frank A - - 2011
Ethics is an essential dimension of perinatal genetics. This article introduces perinatologists to the ethical principles of beneficence and respect for autonomy and uses these ethical principles to articulate the ethical concept of the fetus as a patient. Together these constitute an ethical framework that we apply to risk assessment, ...
Shimizu Tetsuro - - 2010
In Japanese context, there has been a controversy concerning the withdrawal of life-support, i.e. respiratory system, from ALS patients when, along of the progress of the disease, they have become not able to express themselves at all to people around them, i.e. when they are in so called 'totally locked ...
Pellerin Caroline - - 2011
Purpose. (1) Describe the challenges facing relatives of persons with stroke in accomplishing their daily activities and social roles (participation). (2) Reflect on the role of rehabilitation for relatives and ethical issues that may emerge following the adoption of a family-centred approach. Method. Review of the scientific literature in Medline (1996 to ...
Chaffin Mark - - 2011
Polygraph interrogations are used by half of all surveyed juvenile sex offender (JSO) treatment programs in the United States. This is a distinctive and controversial practice that is rarely if ever used with other juvenile delinquent populations, and that is rarely used or is banned from JSO treatment programs in ...
Droste Sigrid - - 2010
Comprehensive health technology assessments (HTAs) include thorough reflections on ethical issues associated with health technologies, their use, and value-based decisions in the assessment process. As methods of information retrieval for effectiveness assessments are not applicable to information retrieval on ethical issues, a specific methodological approach is necessary. In the absence ...
Zhang Li-Chao - - 2010
This article provides an overview of the ethical issues associated with penile transplantation, a form of composite tissue allografting. There is only one reported case of human penile transplantation, and, as such, this technique is considered to be experimental. The ethical issues at stake involve both the graft donor and ...
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