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- - 2014
Abstracts and case study poster sessions will be conducted during the 2014 College of American Pathologists Annual Meeting, which is scheduled for September 7 to 10, 2014. The meeting will take place at the Hyatt Regency Hotel, Chicago, Ill. The poster sessions will occur in the CAP '14 Exhibit Hall. ...
Vaz Mario M Health and Humanities, St John's Research Institute, and In-charge, St John's medical College and Research Institute, Koramangala, Bangalore 560 034 Karnataka. - - 2014
The Tuskegee experiment has become an essential case study in the discussion of medical research ethics. The lessons learnt from it continue to be debated and written about. Briefly, the Tuskegee experiment, carried out over three decades till the early 1970's, was an observational study of African Americans who had ...
Mayr Nina A NA Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this era of globalization and rapid advances in radiation oncology worldwide, the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) is committed to help decrease profound regional disparities through the work of the International Education Subcommittee (IES). The IES has expanded its base, reach, and activities to foster educational advances through ...
- - 2014
This article presents a collection of brief news items of interest to the Society for the History of Psychology. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).
Oh Sangkyo S Center for Information Security Technologies (CIST), Korea University, Seoul 136-701, Republic of - - 2014
In spite of the fact that hacking is a widely used term, it is still not legally established. Moreover, the definition of the concept of hacking has been deployed in a wide variety of ways in national literature. This ambiguity has led to various side effects. Recently in the United ...
Veneto Giovanni G . - - 2014
This supplement of Acta Biomedica collects the Proceedings of the workshop "Meeting sul surfattante...
Michael Lucy - - 2014
The concept of dignity is widely used in society, particularly in reference to human rights law and bioethics. Several conceptions of dignity are identified, falling broadly within two categories: full inherent dignity (FID) and non-inherent dignity (NID). FID is a quality belonging equally to every being with full moral status, ...
Wilmanns Matthias M European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Notkestrasse 85, D-22603 Hamburg, - - 2014
A report on the 11th International Conference on Biology and Synchrotron Radiation, which took place on 8-11 September 2013, in Hamburg, Germany, is presented.
Clark Christine - - 2013
Your Black History Month special issue was most interesting and informative (October 2).
Heid Sister Mary Corita - - 2013
Taking time to "check in" at meetings unites board members.
Murphy James B - - 2013
In the United States, it is generally accepted that people have the right to reproduce without government interference or regulation. The autonomy of the individual is held in high regard. Before the advent of assisted reproductive technology, heterosexual, monogamous relationships were the legally accepted standard means of human reproduction. In ...
Harris Lisa H - - 2012
Abortion is highly stigmatized in the United States and elsewhere. As a result, many women who seek or undergo abortion keep their decision a secret. In many regions of the world, stigma is a recognized contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality from unsafe abortion, even when abortion is legal. Women ...
Godlaski Theodore M - - 2012
The use of tobacco by Native Americans in North America seems to have ancient origins and significant spiritual meaning. This article reviews archeological and anthropological data about the use of tobacco and its sacred significance.
Culver Steven M - - 2012
Increasing university students' engagement with ethics is becoming a prominent call to action for higher education institutions, particularly professional schools like business and engineering. This paper provides an examination of student attitudes regarding ethics and their perceptions of ethics coverage in the curriculum at one institution. A particular focus is ...
Gates Terry A - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e42135 in vol. 7.].
Foreman Nicholas K NK From the University of Colorado, Aurora, - - 2012
To understand the ethical dilemmas that beset this issue of biopsy in children with newly diagnosed diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma, one must understand both the history behind it and the current dominant interpretation of ethics through the medium of the institutional review boards. It is also important to understand that ...
Adinma E D - - 2011
One in four pregnancies worldwide is voluntarily terminated. Approximately 20 million terminations are performed under unsafe conditions, mostly in developing countries with restrictive abortion laws. A total of 100 consecutive abortion-seekers were interviewed, to ascertain their knowledge and perceptions on the Nigerian Abortion Law. The majority (55.0%) of the respondents ...
During Elie - - 2011
When approaching the perplexing issue of self-knowledge, two questions should be kept in mind: What type of knowledge do we expect? and, more importantly, Why does this knowledge matter for us? Among the motivations behind such an endeavor, the ethical project of self-transformation is of particular interest, for it sheds ...
Wilson Kate S - - 2011
This article presents findings from three opinion surveys conducted among representative samples of Mexico City residents: the first one immediately prior to the groundbreaking legalization of first-trimester abortion in April 2007, and one and two years after the reform. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed to assess changes in opinion ...
Kelly John F JF Center for Addiction Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Psychiatry and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2011
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA) have proven to be cost-effective recovery resources for adults and also appear helpful for youth. However, anecdotal concerns about adolescents' safety at meetings have dampened enthusiasm regarding youth participation. Unfortunately, little information exists to evaluate such concerns. Outpatients (N = 127; 24% female) ...
Hendee William R WR Medical College of Wisconsin, Rochester, - - 2011
Beginning in the 1990s, and emphasized in 2000 with the release of an Institute of Medicine report, health care providers and institutions have dedicated time and resources to reducing errors that impact the safety and well-being of patients. However, in January 2010, the first of a series of articles appeared ...
Beja Vanda - - 2010
To gain a deeper understanding of healthcare providers' perceptions on the abortion counselling they provide and its usefulness. We conducted in-depth interviews with 16 healthcare providers working in the Lisbon metropolitan area. The interviews were then subjected to content analysis. We identified the following themes on abortion counselling description: receiving ...
Medoff Marshall H - - 2010
This study examines the impact of various restrictive abortion laws on nonmarital childbearing since the passage of the 1996 welfare reform bill. The empirical results find that the price of an abortion, a Medicaid funding restriction, and a waiting period law are associated with a decrease in a state's nonmarital ...
Joyce Ted - - 2010
In 2005, Arkansas changed its parental notification requirement for minors seeking an abortion to a parental consent law, under which a minor can obtain an abortion without consent after obtaining a judicial waiver. Using state health department data on 7,463 abortions among 15-19-year-olds over the period 2001-2007, an analysis of ...
Kero Anneli - - 2010
To gain knowledge about the male partner's experience of being present during an induced home abortion. Twenty-three couples, whose male partner had been present when the woman aborted at home, were interviewed one to two weeks post-abortion. Each of the men supported his partner in her decision to have a ...
Okonta Patrick I - - 2010
This study aimed at determining the knowledge and perception of physicians in Nigeria on abortion related deaths, and also to find out if they will support the liberalization of abortion as a means of reducing deaths from unsafe abortion. Physicians' willingness to offer abortion services was also explored. A self-administered ...
Razmi G R - - 2010
Toxoplasmosis is an important cause of abortion and stillbirth in sheep on a worldwide basis. In the present study, the role of Toxoplasma gondii in inducing abortion in sheep of the Mashhad area of Iran was addressed using serological and parasitological methods. In total, 325 aborted ovine fetuses were collected ...
de Costa Caroline M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the opinions and current practice of obstetricians and gynaecologists and trainees in the specialty with regard to induced abortion. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A voluntary, anonymous survey of Australian Fellows and specialist trainees of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists was conducted ...
de Crespigny Lachlan J - - 2010
To investigate community attitudes to abortion, including views on whether doctors should face sanctions for performing late abortion in a range of clinical and social situations. An anonymous online survey of 1050 Australians aged 18 years or older (stratified by sex, age and location) using contextualised questions, conducted between 28 ...
Jotkowitz Alan - - 2010
Abortion remains a highly contentious moral issue, with the debate usually framed as a battle between the fetus's right to life and the woman's right to choose. Often overlooked in this debate is the impact of the concurrent legalization of abortion and the development of new prenatal screening tests on ...
Silverman Jay G - - 2010
Men aged 18 to 35 years (n = 1318) completed assessments of perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV), abortion involvement, and conflict regarding decisions to seek abortion. IPV was associated with greater involvement by men in pregnancies ending in abortion and greater conflict regarding decisions to seek abortion. IPV should ...
Kacanek Deborah - - 2010
The Hyde Amendment bans federal Medicaid funding for abortion in the United States except if a pregnancy resulted from rape or incest or endangers the life of the woman. Some evidence suggests that providers do not always receive Medicaid reimbursement for abortions that should qualify for funding. From October 2007 ...
Hodorogea Stelian - - 2010
Despite permissive laws and a well-developed network of facilities, the incidence of unsafe abortion and the resulting maternal mortality is unacceptably high in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia, with one-quarter of all maternal deaths reported to occur as a consequence of abortion. Among the reasons that oblige women ...
Myers Jenny E - - 2010
There are significant variations in the legalisation, restrictions and legal abortion rates worldwide. This undoubtedly influences the provision and accessibility to abortion services. Although there have been changes to the laws in several countries over the last decade, this has not yet been translated into practice in the provision of ...
Shaw Dorothy - - 2010
Unsafe abortion is a recognized public health problem that contributes significantly to maternal mortality. At least 13% of maternal mortality is caused by unsafe abortion, mostly in poor and marginalized women. The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) launched an initiative in 2007 to prevent unsafe abortion and its ...
Zaidi Shahida - - 2010
International collaboration with organizations and agencies is a basic requirement for the success of the FIGO Initiative for the Prevention of Unsafe Abortion and its Consequences. Many activities being carried out by the organizations form a part of the plans of action of all countries participating in the Initiative. It ...
Duarte Graciana Alves - - 2010
To analyze the opinion of judges and prosecutors concerning Brazilian abortion law and situations in which the abortion should be allowed. A cross-sectional study was performed with 1,493 judges and 2,614 prosecutors in Brazil between 2005 and 2006. Participants completed a structured questionnaire approaching sociodemographic characteristics, opinions about abortion law, ...
Leke Robert J I - - 2010
The Working Group of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) on the Prevention of Unsafe Abortion and its Consequences received a mandate to contribute to reduce the number of women who have to resort to induced abortion and the maternal mortality and morbidity associated with unsafe abortion by ...
Kaposy Chris - - 2012
Philosophical debate about the ethics of abortion has reached stalemate on two key issues. First, the claim that foetuses have moral standing that entitles them to protections for their lives has been neither convincingly established nor refuted. Second, the question of a pregnant woman's obligation to allow the gestating foetus ...
Gill J M - - 2010
Several, often large, abortion outbreaks, with lesions in the liver of fetal lambs resembling those seen in abortions due to Campylobacter spp., have been seen in sheep flocks in Canterbury, Otago and Southland since 1992. In spite of extensive investigations, a causative agent had not been identified. This season, a ...
Hill Daniel J - - 2010
In this article I do not seek to discuss when, if ever, abortion is morally permissible. Rather I seek to analyse the precise legal status of the exemptions afforded under British law to those with a conscientious objection to abortion. I then argue that the legal status quo in Britain ...
Drife James Owen - - 2010
Abortion is mentioned in ancient medical texts but the effectiveness of the methods described is doubtful. Attitudes varied from apparent disapproval by Hippocrates to open approval in Ancient Rome. In mediaeval times abortion was practised by women in secret and this continued during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Despite ...
Faúndes Anibal - - 2010
Unsafe abortion is prevalent in many developing countries, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and South and Southeast Asia, where abortion laws are more restrictive, the unmet need for contraception high and the status of women in society low. The main interventions for reducing the prevalence of unsafe abortion are ...
Nie Jing-Bao - - 2010
Sex-selective abortion is the major direct cause of the severe imbalance in the sex ratio at birth - contributing to the phenomenon of over 100 million 'missing' females worldwide and 40 million in China alone. Internationally as well as in China, moral condemnation and legal prohibition constitute the mainstream and ...
Goto Ryutaro - - 2010
The evolutionary stability of mutualisms is enhanced when partners possess mechanisms to prevent overexploitation by one another. In obligate pollination-seed consumption mutualisms, selective abortion of flowers containing excessive eggs represents one such mechanism, but empirical tests have long been limited to the yucca-yucca moth mutualism. We present evidence for selective ...
Fa?ndes Anibal - - 2010
Jos? Barzelatto first distinguished himself as a leader with a vision in his years as a medical student. Later, principally as Director of the Reproductive Health Program at the World Health Organization and of the Ford Foundation program for women's sexual and reproductive rights, he contributed immensely toward the recognition ...
Palermo Tia M TM Ipas, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2010
We aim to assess the opinions of Mexicans in the state of Tlaxcala on abortion and other topics concerning women's reproductive health and status in society. We summarize opinions on abortion and women's roles in society and perform logit regressions to assess characteristics correlated with support for abortion rights. A ...
Klausen Susanne M - - 2010
This article examines the struggle over abortion law reform that preceded the enactment in 1975 of the first statutory law on abortion in South Africa. The ruling National Party government produced legislation intended to eliminate access to doctors willing to procure abortions in an attempt to prevent young, unmarried white ...
Shah Iqbal - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This review aims to provide the latest global and regional estimates of the incidence and trends in induced abortion, both safe and unsafe. A related objective is to document maternal mortality due to unsafe abortion. The legal context of abortion and the international discourse on preventing unsafe abortion are ...
Okonofua Friday E - - 2009
CONTEXT: In Nigeria, abortion is permitted only to save the life of a woman. Unsafe abortion is common and is a major cause of maternal mortality, yet policymakers have done little to address the problem. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted in 2008 with 49 Nigerian politicians and officials to assess ...
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