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Alexander Walter - - 2014
In these two major cardiology meetings, the pharmacology emphasis was strong on balancing risks of stroke and bleeding in treating heart attacks and atrial fibrillation.
Chan Tracey E TE Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore, 469G Bukit Timah Road, Eu Tong Sen Building, Singapore 259776 - - 2014
Recent research and ethical analysis have forced a clinical and ethical reappraisal of the utility of placebos in medical practice. The main concern of ethics and law is that using placebos in health care involves deception, which is antithetical to patient autonomy and trust in the physician-patient relationship. This article ...
Brewer C C The Stapleford Centre, - - 2014
Supervised disulfiram (DSF) is considerably more effective than other relapse-prevention medications in alcoholism but its unique mode of action means that as with surgical vs pharmacological treatments in other fields, classic placebo-controlled trials are not necessarily the most appropriate method for studying it. Some critics not only fail to recognise ...
Timmins Peter P Executive Director, Drug Product Science & Technology, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Moreton, Merseyside CH46 1QW, - - 2014
June 2014, the period covered by this article, was characterized by continued prospective and actual acquisition activity and, although the very big potential merger between Pfizer and AstraZeneca was now quiet, some big possible deals such as AbbVie and Shire were still in prospect. Conference season was very much in ...
- - 2014
This year it was the turn of the New Zealand Veterinary Association to host the annual International Veterinary Officers Council (IVOC). BVA President Robin Hargreaves reports on the three-day meeting held in Hamilton and Rotorua in June.
- - 2014
■ Revised guidance on the provision of 24/7 emergency cover ■ Inclusion of postnominal letters in the RCVS Register ■ Proposals for developing the Practice Standards Scheme ■ New RCVS Charter proposal ■ Trial of an alternative disputes resolution service ■ Accounts to make clear that the College has two ...
Cleland Jamie J a Department of Social Sciences , Loughborough University , Loughborough , - - 2014
Abstract In March 2011 Anton Hysén (a semi-professional footballer currently playing in the Swedish fourth division) became only the second association football (soccer) player of any professional disposition to publicly declare his homosexuality whilst still playing the game. This article provides a textual analysis of the print media's reaction to ...
de Vroome Thomas - - 2014
The so-called integration paradox refers to the phenomenon of the economically more integrated and highly educated immigrants turning away from the host society, instead of becoming more oriented toward it. The present study examined this paradox in the Netherlands among a large sample (N = 3,981) of immigrants, including 2 ...
de Blacam Catherine C From the *Plastic Surgery Higher Surgical Training Program, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland; and †Section of Plastic Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Maintenance of the highest ethical and professional standards in plastic surgery is in the best interests of our profession and the public whom we serve. Both the American Board of Medical Specialties and the Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education mandate training in ethics and professionalism for all residents. Presently ...
Friett Karen K Chief Executive of the Lymphoedema Support - - 2014
The Lymphoedema Support Network (LSN) has had a very successful autumn/winter and is looking forward to a busy (but hopefully rewarding) spring. October saw us hosting our fifth annual lymphoedema patient conference in Birmingham.
- - 2013
The BVA hosted another successful lobbying event at the House of Commons at the end of October to highlight the Association's views on a number of key issues.
Yang Paul R - - 2013
With our hand team scattered across several different locations, it is difficult to find a time to get together for our weekly didactic hand conference and monthly hand journal club. In addition, traffic and tight clinical schedules sometimes force conferences to start late or be canceled. Our solution was to ...
Adams Rachelle M M RM Centre for Social Evolution, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen, - - 2013
The ants are extraordinary in having evolved many lineages that exploit closely related ant societies as social parasites, but social parasitism by distantly related ants is rare. Here we document the interaction dynamics among a Sericomyrmex fungus-growing ant host, a permanently associated parasitic guest ant of the genus Megalomyrmex, and ...
- - 2013
The University of Surrey hosted a medical ethics forum on March 25, with the aim of bringing together veterinary surgeons and doctors to consider the challenges of ethical dilemmas from a 'one health' perspective. Arianwen Morris reports.
Kinsley Robin H - - 2013
The Pediatric Cardiac Centre for Africa (PCCA) was opened by national patron Mr Nelson Mandela on November 7, 2003. In 2008, the Centre's international pediatric cardiac symposium was introduced as a learning forum for pediatric cardiac surgeons and cardiologists in the continent. The symposium has consistently grown in attendance and ...
Kammerer Christian F - - 2013
The large dicynodont Eubrachiosaurus browni from the Upper Triassic Popo Agie Formation of Wyoming is redescribed. Eubrachiosaurus is a valid taxon that differs from Placerias hesternus, with which it was previously synonymized, by greater anteroposterior expansion of the scapula dorsally and a very large, nearly rectangular humeral ectepicondyle with a ...
Malafaia Guilherme - - 2013
The ethical aspects of the Brazilian publications about human Chagas disease (CD) developed between 1996 and 2010 and the policy adopted by Brazilian medical journals were analyzed. Articles were selected on the SciELO Brazil data basis, and the evaluation of ethical aspects was based on the normative contents about ethics ...
- - 2012
From 2013, the British Veterinary Association's annual Congress will take place at the London Vet Show. The partnership between the BVA and the Vet Show was announced by outgoing BVA President Carl Padgett at the opening ceremony of this year's BVA Congress, as he welcomed delegates and guests to Liverpool.
Maloney Mary E - - 2012
Mentorship has enhanced many careers, and it can be important in both job satisfaction and enjoyment; however, mentorships are complex human relationships and, as such, can be successful or can fail to be successful. This contribution explores some of the factors that facilitate both the success or failure of ethical ...
Upile T - - 2012
As medical editors, we are faced with a host of ethical dilemmas on a daily basis. Most are recognised and dealt with expediently, but the few that remain must be challenged as a cohesive body of editorial opinion.
Le Novère Nicolas - - 2011
The Computational Modeling in Biology Network (COMBINE), is an initiative to coordinate the development of the various community standards and formats in computational systems biology and related fields. This report summarizes the activities pursued at the first annual COMBINE meeting held in Edinburgh on October 6-9 2010 and the first ...
Briscoe Chad - - 2011
The Applied Pharmaceutical Software Meeting is held annually. It is sponsored by The Boston Society, a not-for-profit organization that coordinates a series of meetings within the global pharmaceutical industry. The meeting generally focuses on laboratory applications, but in recent years has expanded to include some software applications for clinical trials. ...
Ritaccio Anthony A Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, USA. - - 2011
The Second International Workshop on Advances in Electrocorticography (ECoG) was convened in San Diego, CA, USA, on November 11-12, 2010. Between this meeting and the inaugural 2009 event, a much clearer picture has been emerging of cortical ECoG physiology and its relationship to local field potentials and single-cell recordings. Innovations ...
Caminiti Caterina - - 2011
Background: The rapid pace of progress in medical research, the consequent need for the timely transfer of new knowledge into practice, and the increasing need for ethics support, is making the work of Ethics Committees (ECs) ever more complex and demanding. As a response, ECs in many countries exhibit large ...
Suhonen Riitta - - 2011
The aim of the study was to report the results of a systematically conducted literature review of empirical studies about healthcare organizations' ethics and management or leadership issues. Electronic databases MEDLINE and CINAHL yielded 909 citations. After a two stage application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria 56 full-text articles ...
Albisser Schleger Heidi - - 2011
When ethical decisions have to be taken in critical, complex medical situations, they often involve decisions that set the course for or against life-sustaining treatments. Therefore the decisions have far-reaching consequences for the patients, their relatives, and often for the clinical staff. Although the rich psychology literature provides evidence that ...
Chervenak Frank A - - 2011
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (the College) Committee Opinion, "Planned Home Birth," invokes two core concepts of obstetric ethics, the right of a woman to make a medically informed decision about delivery and the informed consent process. We set out a framework for obstetric ethics that empowers the ...
Wilding Ethan T - - 2011
Ethical frameworks are often used in professional fields as a means of providing explicit ethical guidance for individuals and institutions when confronted with ethically important decisions. The notion of an ethical framework has received little critical attention, however, and the concept subsequently lends itself easily to misuse and ambiguous application. ...
Diamond Milton - - 2011
Different milestones have marked the development of the field of neuroendocrinology. This is an essay in which a new direction is proposed; one in which the field is marked more by a concern for ethical considerations than experimental procedures. Among the primary concerns is the need for a national registry ...
Matusek Jill Anne - - 2010
Ethical dilemmas frequently arise in the treatment of clients with eating disorders, and clinicians regularly encounter an array of ethical challenges related to whether or not overt and covert coercive tactics should be implemented. In this paper, the authors provide an overview of perplexing ethical questions relevant to medical, nutritional ...
Roeser Sabine - - 2012
Engineers are normally seen as the archetype of people who make decisions in a rational and quantitative way. However, technological design is not value neutral. The way a technology is designed determines its possibilities, which can, for better or for worse, have consequences for human wellbeing. This leads various scholars ...
McCormick Thomas R - - 2010
Although the use of cochlear implants as a treatment designed to help deaf individuals hear has a relatively brief history, the use of this therapy has given rise to a number of ethical conflicts. This article identifies ethical conflicts in cochlear implantation therapy and shows how ethical principles that are ...
Townsend A - - 2010
Sociological understandings of chronic illness have revealed tensions and complexities around help-seeking. Although ethics underpins healthcare, its application in the area of chronic illness is limited. Here we apply an ethical framework to interview accounts and identify ethical challenges in the early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) experience. In-depth interviews were conducted ...
Reynolds Scott J - - 2010
We empirically examine the reflexive or automatic aspects of moral decision making. To begin, we develop and validate a measure of an individual's implicit assumption regarding the inherent morality of business. Then, using an in-basket exercise, we demonstrate that an implicit assumption that business is inherently moral impacts day-to-day business ...
Greenfield Bruce H - - 2010
This perspective article provides a justification, with an overview, of the use of phenomenological inquiry and the interpretation into the everyday ethical concerns of patients with disabilities. Disability is explored as a transformative process that involves physical, cognitive, and moral changes. This perspective article discusses the advantages of phenomenology to ...
Kerrigan Simon - - 2010
Neurological illnesses can leave patients unable to make legally valid decisions about their medical treatment. However, this loss of decision making capacity can often be predicted in advance. The law in the UK now enables patients to make legally binding arrangements to either refuse specific treatments in advance or to ...
Thorns Andrew - - 2010
The doctor has a responsibility to develop and maintain an effective approach to ethical decision making and the skills to implement the correct moral action. At the heart of this process is the experience and knowledge of particular conditions and their outcomes, alongside excellence in communication skills and working with ...
Halpern Jodi - - 2012
There is an important gap in philosophical, clinical and bioethical conceptions of decision-making capacity. These fields recognize that when traumatic life circumstances occur, people not only feel afraid and demoralized, but may develop catastrophic thinking and other beliefs that can lead to poor judgment. Yet there has been no articulation ...
Howe Edmund - - 2010
Psychiatrists face many difficult ethical decisions in which they must exercise their discretion. In the most difficult decisions they confront, there are significant "harms," regardless of what they choose. The best they can do in these instance is to be as acutely aware of the most important pros and cons ...
Beeler Cheryl K - - 2010
This study examined the role of key causal analysis strategies in forecasting and ethical decision-making. Undergraduate participants took on the role of the key actor in several ethical problems and were asked to identify and analyze the causes, forecast potential outcomes, and make a decision about each problem. Time pressure ...
Kerth Gerald - - 2010
The prevalent view of group splitting during group decisions is that a beneficial consensus has not been reached because time constraints, different individual information, or inter-individual conflicts lead to fission instead of a compromise. However, societies with high fission-fusion dynamics may allow their members to avoid consensus decisions that are ...
Casali Gian Luca - - 2010
This paper explores the interplay between individual values, espoused organisational values and the values of the organisational culture in practice in light of a recent Royal Commission in Queensland, Australia, which highlighted systematic failures in patient care. The lack of congruence among values at these levels impacts upon the ethical ...
Yeates James - - 2010
There remains a lack of a clear overarching policy framework for decision-making in pest control programmes. In comparison, ethical principles have been extensively developed for scientific procedures, such as those underlying the UK's Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986. This paper assesses the extent to which the principles and methodology underlying ...
Antes Alison L - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine the effects that existing courses on the responsible conduct of research (RCR) have on ethical decision making by assessing the ethicality of decisions made in response to ethical problems and the underlying processes involved in ethical decision making. These processes included how an individual thinks through ethical ...
Besirevi? Violeta - - 2010
This article explores universal normative bases that could help to shape a workable legal construct that would facilitate a global use of advance directives. Although I believe that advance directives are of universal character, my primary aim in approaching this issue is to remain realistic. I will make three claims. ...
Mumford Michael D - - 2010
Students of creativity have long been interested in the relationship between creativity and deviant behaviors such as criminality, mental disease, and unethical behavior. In the present study we wished to examine the relationship between creative thinking skills and ethical decision-making among scientists. Accordingly, 258 doctoral students in the health, biological, ...
Ory S - - 2010
The Suleman case has served as a catalyst to examine a range of clinical and ethical decisions, making the birth of the octuplets a truly transformative event.
Koenig Terry L - - 2010
Multidisciplinary teams, representing professionals from diverse disciplines, are often involved in addressing difficult ethical dilemmas as they work with older adults who hoard (e.g., resolving conflicts between the older adult's freedom to engage in hoarding behaviors versus individual or public safety). The purpose of this article is threefold: (a) to ...
Kinlaw Kathy - - 2009
Because of the importance of including ethical considerations in planning efforts for pandemic influenza, in February 2005 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention requested that the Ethics Subcommittee of the Advisory Committee to the Director develop guidance that would serve as a foundation for decision making in preparing for ...
Tsai Tsuen-Chiuan - - 2009
CONTEXT: The assessment of ethical problem solving in medicine has been controversial and challenging. The purposes of this study were: (i) to create a new instrument to measure doctors' decisions on and reasoning approach towards resolving ethical problems; (ii) to evaluate the scores generated by the new instrument for their ...
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