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Ellenbogen Richard G RG Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, - - 2014
: Traumatic brain injury is the leading cause of death and disability in the world for adolescents according to the World Health Organization. Sports-related concussion is a small but perhaps one of the most preventable causes of that morbidity. Legislation to protect student athletes is one of the ways in ...
Vogelstein Eric - - 2014
In this article, I address the extent to which experts in bioethics can contribute to healthcare delivery by way of aid in clinical decision-making and policy-formation. I argue that experts in bioethics are moral experts, in that their substantive moral views are more likely to be correct than those of ...
Kreps Tamar A TA Stanford University, USA - - 2014
When a speaker presents an opinion, an important factor in audiences' reactions is whether the speaker seems to be basing his or her decision on ethical (as opposed to more pragmatic) concerns. We argue that, despite a consequentialist philosophical tradition that views utilitarian consequences as the basis for moral reasoning, ...
Burrow Anthony L AL Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA - - 2014
Emerging demographic trends signal that White Americans will soon relinquish their majority status. As Whites' acclimation to an increasingly diverse society is poised to figure prominently in their adjustment, identifying sources of greater comfort with diversity is important. Three studies (N = 519) revealed evidence that purpose in life bolsters ...
Wilkins Emma - - 2014
It is often claimed that Margaret Cavendish was an anti-experimentalist who was deeply hostile to the activities of the early Royal Society--particularly in relation to Robert Hooke's experiments with microscopes. Some scholars have argued that her views were odd or even childish, while others have claimed that they were shaped ...
Saraswat Abir A Indushree Skin Clinic, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Dermatologists rely very heavily on corticosteroids for treating many common dermatoses. Concerns about their incorrect use are widely expressed both in lay public and specialist discourse. From the point of view of medical ethics, issues of autonomy, beneficence and non-maleficence are all raised frequently when we prescribe topical corticosteroids to ...
Moon Tara C - - 2014
A survey of members of the American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science (ASCLS) in 2012 examined laboratory administrators' views on retention incentives and older Clinical Laboratory Professionals (CLP). Results indicated that retention strategies currently in place are not concordant with the ones CLP think are important. Further, with the exception ...
Behnam Manesh Shima S Department of Epidemiology and Reproductive Health at Reproductive Epidemiology Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, - - 2014
One of the most important applications of transgenic animals for medical purposes is to transplant their organs into human's body, an issue which has caused a lot of ethical and scientific discussions. we can divide the ethical arguments to two comprehensive groups; the first group which is known as deontological ...
Wittmann Dietmar H - - 2013
Abstract Background: Two key events led to the founding of the Surgical Infection Society Europe (SIS-E): The institution of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Peritonitis (AGP) or Study Group Peritonitis by the Paul Ehrlich Society in 1978, and the formation of the Surgical Infection Society in North America (SIS-NA) by the late William ...
Cleuren B - - 2012
A Reply to the Comments by A. Levy et al. and A. E. Allahverdyan et al.
Alderman H - - 2012
The 2012 Annual General Meeting of the British Veterinary Association will be held at the Merseyside Maritime Museum, Liverpool, on Saturday, September 29, 2012, at 16.00.
Lewiecki E Michael - - 2012
The 11th Santa Fe Bone Symposium was held in Santa Fe, NM, USA, on August 6-7, 2010. This annual event addresses the clinical relevance of recent scientific advances in the fields of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease. The symposium format included plenary presentations, oral abstracts, and interactive panel discussions, with ...
Bickenbach Jerome - - 2011
ABSTRACT: This article offers preliminary reflections on the potential application of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) to the developing literature on disability ethics. As an epidemiologic tool-an international standard language of functioning and disability-the ICF has instrumental ethical significance as its application is governed by standard ...
Aluas Maria - - 2011
ABSTRACT: This literature review focuses on the literature on disability from the ethical and human rights perspective in the light of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health in the period from January 1, 2008, to June 30, 2010. This article identifies and examines studies that deal with the ...
Payne Kay T - - 2011
Ethics is a continuous and dynamic decision process that ultimately seeks to render a judgment about the morality of human conduct. A genre of applied ethics, social ethics is concerned with promoting societal morality, specifically ensuring the rights of disenfranchised groups such as people with disabilities. This article will examine ...
Taube Daniel O - - 2011
Purpose: A supervisor may tell graduate trainees with obvious disabilities to disclose the disability to potential clients. Legal and ethical guidelines only partially address whether this requirement is permissible. Here we examine such disclosures from several vantage points. Background: Professional judgments guide supervisors in deciding whether to request that a ...
Shreffler Karina M KM Department of Human Development and Family Studies karina.shreffler@okstate.edu Oklahoma State University Stillwater, OK - - 2010
Although media coverage of infertility treatments has increased markedly over the past decade, there is a dearth of empirical information about public perceptions of the ethics of infertility procedures (e.g. artificial insemination, in-vitro fertilization, donor eggs, surrogate mothering, gestational carriers) and about the factors that shape them. Two representative telephone ...
Samaratunga Hemamali - - 2011
The 2009 International Society of Urological Pathology Consensus Conference in Boston made recommendations regarding the standardization of pathology reporting of radical prostatectomy specimens. Issues relating to the handling and processing of radical prostatectomy specimens were coordinated by working group 1. Most uropathologists followed similar procedures for fixation of radical prostatectomy ...
Morales Pedraza Jorge - - 2012
The IAEA International Standards for Tissue Banks published in 2003 were based on the Standards then currently in use in the USA and the European Union, among others, and reflect the best practices associated with the operation of a tissue bank. They cover legal, ethical and regulatory controls as well ...
Flachskampf F A - - 2010
Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) is a standard and indispensable technique in clinical practice. The present recommendations represent an update and extension of the recommendations published in 2001 by the Working Group on Echocardiography of the European Society of Cardiology. New developments covered include technical advances such as 3D transoesophageal echo as ...
Valentino Leonard A - - 2010
Hemophilia management requires replacement of the deficient clotting factor. Inhibitor development complicates treatment, and the implementation of and adherence to prophylaxis, considered the standard of care for severe hemophilia, is hampered by the high cost and the need for frequent intravenous infusions. New, less expensive therapies are needed to reduce ...
Racowsky Catherine - - 2010
Standardization of morphologic assessment for an embryo grading system was developed and is being implemented by the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART). A recent European consensus conference of embryologists from Europe and America is working toward adopting an embryo classification system modeled similarly to that of SART that, if ...
Racowsky Catherine - - 2010
Standardization of morphological assessment for embryo grading system was developed and is being implemented by the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART). A recent European consensus conference of embryologists from Europe and America is working toward adopting an embryo classification system modeled similarly to that of SART which, if adopted, ...
Heuer Christian - - 2010
Accounting Standard Codification Topic 958 (formerly Financial Accounting Standards Board Statement No. 164), Not-for-Profit Entities: Mergers and Acquisitions, applies to mergers and acquisitions as early as Jan. 1, 2010, for calendar-year entities. Not-for-profit organizations need to move to fair value accounting, with a focus on the valuation of intangible assets. ...
- - 2010
This document is issued by the Italian Society of Clinical Biochemistry and Clinical Molecular Biology (SIBioC) and a number of other National Scientific Societies and Associations in order to promote a coordinated plan for implementing the standardization of glycated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)) measurement in Italy according to the recommendations by the ...
Brydie Alan - - 2010
With the goal of optimizing patient care, standards for training in cardiac computed tomography have been developed collaboratively by the Canadian Association of Radiologists and the Canadian Cardiovascular Society. These standards apply to both radiologists and cardiologists.
Rautmann G - - 2010
An international collaborative study was organised by the European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines & HealthCare (EDQM) to establish the WHO second International Standard (IS) for amphotericin B as the stocks of the 1st IS, established in 1963, were close to depletion. The candidate material did not show any ...
Geissler Erhard - - 2010
The German army's 1943 flooding of the Pontine Marshes south of Rome, which later caused a sharp rise in malaria cases among Italian civilians, has recently been described by historian Frank Snowden as a unique instance of biological warfare and bioterrorism in the European theater of war and, consequently, as ...
Bishop Jeffrey P - - 2010
Guiding our response in this essay is our view that current efforts to demarcate the role of the clinical ethicist risk reducing its complex network of authorizations to sites of power and payment. In turn, the role becomes susceptible to various ideologies-individualisms, proceduralisms, secularisms-that further divide the body from the ...
Amatayakul Margret - - 2010
Questions providers should consider in determining whether to meet standards for meaningful use of EHR technology in time to receive incentive funds and avoid monetary sanctions include: Is the incentive meaningful? Is it feasible to meet the standards for demonstrating meaningful use in time to qualify for the incentive? Is ...
Haley D Rob - - 2010
Globalization is creating an extraordinary transformation to the delivery, financing and access of healthcare throughout the world. Improving standards of treatment, based on higher international standards of care and the offering of far more affordable services, is positioning third-world countries as viable participants in a more global healthcare system. The ...
Sterk Peter - - 2010
The M3 workshop has, as its primary focus, the rapidly growing area of metagenomics, including the metadata standards and the meta-analysis approaches needed to organize, process and interpret metagenomics data. The PSB Workshop builds on the first M3 meeting, a Special Interest Group (SIG) meeting at ISMB 2009, organized by ...
Brüggemann M - - 2010
Assessment of minimal residual disease (MRD) has acquired a prominent position in European treatment protocols for patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), on the basis of its high prognostic value for predicting outcome and the possibilities for implementation of MRD diagnostics in treatment stratification. Therefore, there is an increasing need ...
Hagen Nils T - - 2010
Bibliometric counting methods need to be validated against perceived notions of authorship credit allocation, and standardized by rejecting methods with poor fit or questionable ethical implications. Harmonic counting meets these concerns by exhibiting a robust fit to previously published empirical data from medicine, psychology and chemistry, and by complying with ...
Swanson Terry D - - 2009
Ethics is a valuable standard for the structure of equine practice. It relies on sound moral character, beginning with the leaders in the practice. The leadership in each practice regularly needs to review its role in promoting ethical standards. This is not new information but deserves to be revisited with ...
Jacobson Joseph O - - 2009
Standardization of care can reduce the risk of errors, increase efficiency, and provide a framework for best practice. In 2008, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) invited a broad range of stakeholders to create a set of standards for the administration of chemotherapy ...
Rybak Eli A EA Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Women's Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York 10461, - - 2009
The consensus view among relevant professional societies opposing the offering of elective oocyte cryopreservation for potential future self-donation withstands neither clinical nor ethical scrutiny. The favorable risk-benefit ratio of this technology mandates both the prioritization of patient autonomy for informed women seeking to maximize-not guarantee-their chances of having genetically related ...
Jacobson Joseph O - - 2009
Standardization of care can reduce the risk of errors, increase efficiency, and provide a framework for best practice. In 2008, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) invited a broad range of stakeholders to create a set of standards for the administration of chemotherapy ...
Ashton C M CM Department of Surgery, The Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas, USA. - - 2009
This paper focuses on invasive therapeutic procedures, defined as procedures requiring the introduction of hands, instruments, or devices into the body via incisions or punctures of the skin or mucous membranes performed with the intent of changing the natural history of a human disease or condition for the better. Ethical ...
Davies H - - 2009
Criticism of ethical review of research continues and research ethics committees (RECs) need to demonstrate that they are "fit for purpose" by meeting acknowledged standards of process, debate and outcome. This paper reports a workshop in Warsaw in April 2008, organised by the European Forum for Good Clinical Practice, on ...
Balch Charles M - - 2009
An international panel was convened by the organizing committee of the International Sentinel Node (SN) Society (ISNS) at their meeting in Sydney, Australia, on February 21, 2008, to address questions about SN biopsy (SNB) for melanoma. The panelists subsequently wrote this consensus statement, based on their interpretation of current evidence, ...
Snow Vincenza - - 2009
The American College of Physicians (ACP), Society of Hospital Medicine (SHM), Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM), American Geriatric Society (AGS), American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) and the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM) developed consensus standards to address the quality gaps in the transitions between inpatient and outpatient ...
Kawanishi Hideki - - 2009
The Committee of Scientific Academy of the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy (JSDT) proposes a new standard on microbiological management of fluids for hemodialysis and related therapies. This standard is within the scope of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which is currently under revision. This standard is to be ...
Harenberg J - - 2009
Based on the results of large clinical trials, several low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) have been approved for prophylaxis and the treatment of venous and arterial thromboembolism. As a result of expiration or pending expiration of patent protection of the originator LMWHs, many generic or biosimilar LMWHs have been approved in some ...
Lewis S M - - 2009
This brief history of the origin and development of ICSH must, inevitably, be selective as it has been extracted from the many pages of the records of the meetings of the ICSH board and its secretariat, the annual assembly and the reports of the various expert panels and working groups. ...
Palaria Urmila - - 2009
Standardization of anaesthetic equipment is needed for safe anaesthetic practice. Various organizations and regulatory bodies have been made throughout world to formulate and control standards for anaesthesia equipment including endotracheal tubes. All endotracheal tubes must conform to ASTM standards. This has medico-legal importance also. Regulatory bodies should look after the ...
Lyon H O - - 2008
In the three earlier editions of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC), under the heading of "Regulatory affairs," the BSC's International Affairs Committee reported on the work of Technical Committee 212, Clinical Laboratory Testing and in Vitro Diagnostic Test Systems of the International Standards Organization (ISO/TC 212) and its ...
Boren, Shedrick John
As technology advances, health care decisions have become increasingly complex. American hospitals, based on accreditation standards, are required to have a system and process to address ethics, patient rights, and responsibilities. These practices vary widely, and there is very little consistency and few standards across the country. Key court cases ...
Alexander J H - - 2008
It is well established that the bull breeding soundness evaluation (BBSE) is an easily performed, relatively inexpensive, and extremely useful tool for the cow-calf operation. However, the BBSE can only achieve its full potential if it is performed properly by the practitioner in the field. A properly performed BBSE should ...
Knapp Samuel - - 2008
Psychotherapists must deal with practical business matters such as advertising, billing, collecting fees, and other practice management topics. We review the enforceable standards of the American Psychological Association's (2002) Ethics Code that deal with advertising, fees, billing, and related business matters in psychotherapy. Using a principle-based perspective, we link each ...
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