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Liu Dong-Ze DZ a Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Tianjin , P.R. - - 2014
Ergostane and cucurbitane triterpenoids are relatively rare in mushroom metabolites, and a total of 55 compounds are reported up to May 2013. Many of them exhibited diverse biological properties such as anti-inflammatory, cytotoxic and antioxidative activities. The paper reviewed systematically the isolation, structure elucidation and biological activities of ergostane- and ...
Turner R Brigg RB Pacific University Oregon School of Pharmacy, Hillsboro, OR, - - 2014
To evaluate and review the literature surrounding the potential protective benefit of tetracyclines, particularly doxycycline, in reducing Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) acquisition. MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts were searched through January 2014 using the search terms doxycycline, tetracycline, and Clostridium difficile. Relevant studies, case reports, and review articles ...
Zhai Yuan-Kun - - 2013
The purpose of this systematic review is to assess the efficacy and pharmacological profiles of Herba Epimedii in osteoporosis therapy. Four databases were extensively retrieved that include two Chinese electronic databases (VIP Information and CNKI) and two English electronic databases (CA and MEDLINE). Herba Epimedii has been an important traditional ...
- - 2013
APA Bylaws Article XI.7 requires that the Policy and Planning Board report annually by publication to the membership and review the structure and function of the Association as a whole every fifth year. This report offers a framework for how to strategically and systematically provide a range of high-value engagement ...
Hill Robert A - - 2013
Covering: 2011. Previous review: Nat. Prod. Rep., 2012, 29, 780-818.This review covers the isolation and structure determination of triterpenoids including squalene derivatives, lanostanes, holostanes, cycloartanes, cucurbitanes, dammaranes, euphanes, tirucallanes, tetranortriterpenoids, quassinoids, lupanes, oleananes, friedelanes, ursanes, hopanes, onoceranes and saponins; 308 references are cited.
Ayyanar Muniappan - - 2013
During the past few decades numerous folk medicinal and scientific investigations on the antidiabetic effects of jambolan (Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels) have been reported. However no comprehensive evidence-based review is available. Hence this review was aimed to summarize the antidiabetic effects of different parts and active principles of jambolan. The ...
Ishikura Minoru - - 2013
Covering: 2010-2011. Previous review: Nat. Prod. Rep. 2010, 27, 1630-1680This review covers the literature on simple indole alkaloids and those with a non-rearranged monoterpenoid unit from the beginning of 2010 up to the end of 2011, which includes newly isolated alkaloids, structure determinations, total syntheses and biological activities.
Kim Byung-Sung - - 2013
A twenty-year-old male visited our clinic with wrist and long finger metacarpophalangeal (MP) joint pain. Dynamic ultrasonography revealed sagittal band (SB) ulnar subluxation and extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) volar subluxation. Magnetic resonance imaging showed longitudinal splitting and dislocation of the volar half slip of the ECU tendon. The redundant radial ...
Wang Lishu - - 2013
Covering: October 2006 to June 2012This review, with 166 references, covers the literature published on sesterterpenoids together with their relevant biological activities, source organisms and country of origin. The first total syntheses that have led to the revision of structures or stereochemistry have been included.
Gousseff M - - 2013
Pyomyositis is a primary purulent infection of skeletal muscles mostly described in tropical areas. Staphylococcus aureus is by far the main causative microorganisms. In temperate areas, pyomyositis more frequently affects male adults with immunodeficiency. Gram-negative bacilli pyomyositis are uncommon and occur mainly in this context of immunodeficiency. Only one case ...
Yoon Hong-Kee - - 2013
We report a case of a 14-year-old boy who presented with the inability to independently move fingers on either hand. On physical examination, simultaneous flexion of the index, middle and ring fingers was noted when he actively flexed the distal joint of the thumb. A surgical exploration was performed and ...
Booth Andrew - - 2013
Actively seeking the disconfirming or deviant case is properly regarded as a hallmark of trustworthiness in primary qualitative research. The need to subject emergent theory to such testing is no less important within qualitative systematic reviews. There is, as yet, little available guidance on how to implement such strategies. Few ...
Loh Tze Ping - - 2013
Pleural adenosine deaminase activity (ADA) is a sensitive and specific test for tuberculous pleurisy. Here, we report a case of undetectable ADA in the pleural fluid of a man presenting with chronic cough, fever and night sweats. Subsequent laboratory investigations and review revealed that the presence of high concentrations of ...
Brown Helen - - 2013
Many interventions aiming to increase children's physical activity have been developed and implemented in a variety of settings, and these interventions have previously been reviewed; however the focus of these reviews tends to be on the intervention effects on physical activity outcomes without consideration of the reasons and pathways leading ...
Sarkhail Parisa P Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, 16th Azar Street, P.O. Box 14155-6451, Tehran 14176, - - 2013
Praeruptorins belonging to the angular-type pyranocoumarins are bioactive constituents that have been isolated from some Peucedanum species such as P. praeruptorum, which is used in traditional Chinese medicine for treatment of cold, cough, upper respiratory infections, and so forth. Many reports have demonstrated that the beneficial pharmacological effects of P. ...
Motwani Pooja - - 2012
Acquired factor inhibitors are rare. We report a case of an elderly male who presented with a bleeding diathesis associated with an elevated prothrombin time and an activated partial thromboplastin time. Work-up revealed undetectable factor V activity and a factor V inhibitor level of >50 Bethesda units. The inhibitor may ...
Brown David R - - 2012
The goal of the systematic review described in this summary was to determine the effectiveness of stand-alone mass media campaigns to increase physical activity at the population level. This systematic review is an update of a Community Guide systematic review and Community Preventive Services Task Force recommendation completed in 2001. ...
May Candace K - - 2012
The great emphasis placed on the democratic participation of local user groups as necessary for sustainable natural resource and environmental governance by scholars, advocates, and practitioners of collaborative natural resource management demands a greater focus on who is and who is not participating in governance processes, why, and the potential ...
Hollins Martin Caroline J - - 2013
Women in western countries generally lie semi-recumbent during first stage of labour, when perhaps it is more natural to move around. Consequently carers are unaware of what constitutes instinctive behaviours and their outcomes. With this in mind, a structured narrative review of the literature identified what prior research has shown ...
Kuo Ping-Chung PC Department of Biotechnology, National Formosa University, Yunlin 632, Taiwan, - - 2012
Aristolochia ( mădōu ling) is an important genus widely cultivated and had long been known for their extensive use in traditional Chinese medicine. The genus has attracted so much great interest because of their numerous biological activity reports and unique constituents, aristolochic acids (AAs). In 2004, we reviewed the metabolites ...
Schmid Stefan - - 2012
Pathologies that lead to biomechanical restrictions in human gait interfere with the tightly regulated muscle activation patterns that control the external moments. In order to maintain proper function, secondary mechanisms are required. The aims of this systematic review were (1) to identify secondary mechanisms in pathologic gait that have been ...
Bansal Yogita - - 2012
Presence of benzimidazole nucleus in numerous categories of therapeutic agents such as antimicrobials, antivirals, antiparasites, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidants, proton pump inhibitors, antihypertensives, anticoagulants, immunomodulators, hormone modulators, CNS stimulants as well as depressants, lipid level modulators, antidiabetics, etc. has made it an indispensable anchor for development of new therapeutic agents. Varied ...
Belmain Stephen R - - 2012
Tephrosia vogelii has been used for generations as a pest control material in Africa. Recently, two chemotypes have been reported based on the occurrence (chemotype 1) or absence (chemotype 2) of rotenoids. This could have an impact on the efficacy and reliability of this material for pest control. We report ...
Nicholson Sarah S Royal Infirmary, The University of Edinburgh, 51 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2013
Physical fitness is impaired after stroke, may contribute to disability, yet is amenable to improvement through regular physical activity. To facilitate uptake and maintenance of physical activity, it is essential to understand stroke survivors' perceived barriers and motivators. Therefore, we undertook a systematic review of perceived barriers and motivators to ...
Nasır Serdar - - 2012
Abstract Myxomas of the hand are rare tumours and the diameters are usually smaller than 2 cm. In this report we describe the biggest reported myxoma that localised on the dorsal hand and the comprehensively review of hand myxomas. This case is to our knowledge the first hormone-receptor-positive myxoma of ...
Zur B - - 2012
Pulse oximetry is an essential diagnostic method in pediatric emergency medicine and pediatric intensive care. However, if undetected hemoglobin anomalies are the underlying cause measurements of low oxygen saturation can be interpreted incorrectly or may lead to unnecessary examinations. In 2 recently discovered hemoglobin anomalies, Hb Bonn and Hb Venusberg, ...
Gaur Sumit - - 2012
This report describes a patient with metastatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma treated with bevacizumab and nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel. The treatment was well tolerated and led to the stabilization of an aggressive variant of the disease. This case report is the first one that describes the activity of the combination of chemotherapy and ...
Murphy Joan - - 2012
Objective: To develop guidelines to inform the Ontario Cervical Screening Program's invitations to women in the target population, provide evidence-based clinical practice guidance for practitioners, and inform policy decisions. Methods: A systematic review was conducted of relevant websites, the Medline and EMBASE databases (2005 to November 2010), and the Cochrane ...
Roche Mj - - 2012
The ingestion of scarlet pimpernel (Lysimachia arvensis L.), also known as red chickweed, has been reported as a cause of death of cattle in Uruguay, and as the suspected cause of deaths of sheep in Australia. It has not previously been reported in association with deaths of cattle in Australia. ...
Hassan Syed - - 2012
Infections caused by Ewingella americana have been rarely reported in the literature. Most of the cases that have been reported were among the immunocompromised patients. We report a case of E. americana causing osteomyelitis and septic arthritis of the shoulder joint in a previous intravenous drug abuser. The causative pathogen ...
Saft Carsten - - 2011
In this report, we present a case of a post pump chorea in a 77-year-old male after concomitant cardiac procedure. Since this complication usually occurs in children, to our knowledge, the presented patient is the eldest described in literature. We discuss a long aortic clamp, resp. pump time presumably as ...
Selmi Carlo - - 2011
The last years have witnessed novel findings with exciting developments in the field of allergy-related diseases including asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, eczema, and atopy that have enormously increased over the past few years. This issue of the Reviews is timely dedicated to comprehensive articles discussing the current trends in the study ...
Eskiizmir Görkem - - 2011
Angiokeratoma circumscriptum of the tongue is a rare mucocutaneous vascular disorder. To date, only three cases of angiokeratoma circumscriptum of the tongue have been reported in the English literature. In this article, a case with angiokeratoma circumscriptum of the tongue was presented, and all the aspects of this clinical entity ...
Genzen Jonathan R JR Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, Cornell University, New York, NY 10065, - - 2011
Among the most important functions of a pathology or laboratory medicine service is the clear, accurate, and rapid communication of critical test results (critical values) to patient care providers. Pathologists and laboratory professionals are often confronted with many obstacles in the reporting of such critical values, including establishing clinically relevant ...
Neelakandan R S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: This paper highlights the unusual and rare presentation of a cementoblastoma in the maxilla. It also discusses a review on this odontogenic pathology. CASE REPORT: We present a cementoblastoma appearing in an atypical site in a young girl. The presenting clinical features with radiologic features are reviewed. Also discussed ...
Kwiatek M A - - 2011
The purpose of this review is to consider the neuromuscular mechanism of LES contractility both by itself and in relation to the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) complex in order to appreciate the intricacies of EGJ valvular function.
Carangelo B - - 2011
The interhemispheric subdural hematomas (ISHs) are located along the whole interhemispheric scissure. The ISHs are a rare complication of head traumas. Possible predisposing factors such as coagulopathies, alcohol abuse or anticoagulant therapy are favouring factors. ISHs are rarely accompanied by changes in consciousness and it usually manifests itself with signs ...
Tapia Jose Luis - - 2011
Oral melanoacanthoma is an uncommon reactive condition that appears as a solitary pigmented lesion and is most often found on the buccal mucosa. For it to appear in the gingiva is extremely rare-only 11 cases are reported in the literature. This article presents a case of gingival melanoacanthoma and reviews ...
Benninger Michael S - - 2011
The purpose of this article is to describe both the strengths and weaknesses of the medical voice literature. Retrospective review of the voice literature with comparisons to key articles in the general medical literature. There are strengths in the voice literature with increasing focus on levels of evidence. Areas of ...
Simpson Serge-Emile - - 2011
Introduction.?A bezoar is a concretion of foreign material that forms and persists in the gastrointestinal tract. Bezoars are classified by their material origins. Phytobezoars contain plant material, trichobezoars contain hair, lactobezoars contain milk proteins, and pharmacobezoars contain pharmaceutical products. Tablets, suspensions, and even insoluble drug delivery vehicles can, on rare ...
- - 2011
Would the publication of anonymous referee reports and editorial decision letters of published papers benefit the scientific debate? Results from a trial seem to suggest this.
Hamalian Techkouhie A - - 2011
The purpose of this article is to review impression materials used for fabricating fixed restorations in dentistry. Their compositions, properties, advantages, and disadvantages are presented and compared. How these properties influence clinical decisions is also described. This review helps the clinician choose which material is more suitable for a specific ...
Haase Steven C - - 2011
: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are important research tools in modern medicine. They serve to condense and clarify large amounts of data into resources that can educate clinicians, enhance patient care, help formulate clinical guidelines, and guide future research endeavors. : The existing literature, including recently updated guidelines, on systematic ...
Ji Xiao-Jun - - 2011
2,3-Butanediol is a promising bulk chemical due to its extensive industry applications. The state-of-the-art nature of microbial 2,3-butanediol production is reviewed in this paper. Various strategies for efficient and economical microbial 2,3-butanediol production, including strain improvement, substrate alternation, and process development, are reviewed and compared with regard to their pros ...
Farrapeira Cristiane Maria Rocha - - 2011
This article reviews the literature involving benthic invertebrates that are cited in association with hull fouling, reporting the species that occur on the Brazilian coast and evaluating the importance of this vector for the introduction of nonindigenous and cryptogenic invertebrates in Brazil. It discusses some of the strategies that were ...
Dodge Tonya - - 2011
A review of the literature was conducted to examine the relationship between the use of anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use and the use of other drugs. Studies published between the years of 1995 and 2010 were included in the review. The use of AAS is positively associated with use of ...
Roossinck Marilyn J - - 2011
Although viruses are most often studied as pathogens, many are beneficial to their hosts, providing essential functions in some cases and conditionally beneficial functions in others. Beneficial viruses have been discovered in many different hosts, including bacteria, insects, plants, fungi and animals. How these beneficial interactions evolve is still a ...
Wu Chun-Sheng - - 2011
Eight species of the genus Miresa Walker are recognized in China including two new species, M. fangae Wu & Solovyev and M. polargenta Wu & Solovyev, described herein. M. burmensis Hering species is reported for the first time in China. The M. argentifera kwangtungensis Hering, 1931 taxon is raised to ...
Anderson John - - 2011
Discusses the articles that have had the most impact from the Psychological Review and expresses a wish that the content of the current volume of the Psychological Review will be equally as impactful. In this, the 118th year of the journal, a new editor has been appointed and other changes ...
Posner Kari R - - 2011
We discuss an male adolescent who presented to the emergency department with fever and respiratory distress. He was subsequently diagnosed with spontaneous chylothorax. We review his clinical presentation and diagnostic and therapeutic interventions and provide a discussion of the subject.
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