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Okere Pcn P Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, - - 2014
This article presents a case of Hurthle cell adenoma (HCA) of the thyroid gland with a review of literature on Hurthle cell tumors. This case presented is that of a 57-year-old woman with a recurrent thyroid swelling. She previously underwent a right hemithyroidectomy for thyroid mass 10 years prior. A ...
Rajapakse Thilinie T Section of Neurology, - - 2014
Sudden, severe, and life-threatening, the crises associated with baroreflex failure are diagnostically challenging, particularly in children, a population in which it has rarely been described. The baroreflex failure syndrome results from impaired afferent baroreceptive input and manifests with autonomic stimulation-induced surges in blood pressure and heart rate accompanied by distinct ...
Grenfell Solveig S Department of Radiation Oncology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; Adelaide Radiotherapy Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
Palmar and plantar fascial fibromatoses are benign hyperproliferative disorders of the deep fascia of the palm and sole. This study seeks to examine the role of radiotherapy in the management of fascial fibromatosis. Six consecutive cases of early-stage fascial fibromatosis treated with radiotherapy at the Adelaide Radiotherapy Centre between July ...
Liu Min - - 2014
Primary bone lymphoma (PBL) is a rare but distinct clinicopathological disease. Because it is not common, the optimal treatment strategy has not been established. Here, we present a patient with PBL of the left radius and review the related literature. We focus on the standard treatment for PBL. Many aspects ...
Pathak Priya P Department of Pathology, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, Delhi, 110095, - - 2014
Standardized diagnostic terminology was introduced by the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (BSRTC) in an effort to bring uniformity to the reporting of thyroid cytopathology, provide more defined categories to enable clinical management, and minimize the number of inconclusive cases. Previous studies indicate that the BSRTC is a reliable ...
Li Y Y Division of Pediatric Surgery, Michael E DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, 6701 Fannin Street Suite 1210, Houston, TX, 77030, - - 2014
Allgrove syndrome is a rare genetic disorder typically manifested by alacrima, achalasia, and adrenal insufficiency, and is one of the rare causes of achalasia in infants. While the gold standard for achalasia treatment in adults is an esophageal myotomy with fundoplication, a standard treatment for infantile achalasia remains undetermined due ...
Loh Tze Ping TP Department of Laboratory Medicine, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, 119074 - - 2014
Objective: We describe a case of spurious hyperthyroxinemia secondary to thyroid hormone autoantibodies (THAAb) in a clinically euthyroid patient with Turner mosaic syndrome.Methods: Several commonly available laboratory-based approaches were used to investigate an isolate, disproportionate elevation of free T4, which led to the diagnosis of THAAb. A literature review was ...
Rahalkar Mukund M Sahyadri Speciality Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Various anomalies of thyro-glossal duct have been described, in which the duct may form a cyst or may present as a solid nodule to form an ectopic gland. The ectopic gland can develop along the tract of the duct to give rise to ectopic lingual, sublingual (pre-hyoid) or sub-hyoid (pyramidal) ...
Abdullah Harris Ngow HN Harris Ngow Abdullah, Department of Internal Medicine, Kulliyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan 25710, - - 2014
Cardiac metastases are among the topics with limited systematic reviews. Theoretically, the heart can be infiltrated by any malignancy with the ability to spread to distant structures. Thus far, no specific tumors are known to have a predilection for the heart, but some do metastasize more often than others, for ...
McAninch Elizabeth A EA Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33136 Clinical Trial Registration Number: not - - 2014
Context: Acute infectious thyroiditis, particularly fungal thyroiditis, is rare and typically presents in immunocompromised individuals. Here we report the first case of coccidiomycosis thyroiditis occurring in an organ recipient as a consequence of likely allograft contamination and discuss the management strategies for thyroid masses in the setting of disseminated infection. ...
Safain Mina G MG Department of Neurosurgery, Tufts Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, 800 Washington St, Box #178, Boston, MA, 02111, - - 2014
Pediatric kyphotic deformity is an uncommon clinical entity that can occur following posterior spinal operations and has significant complexity in its treatment. Tension myelopathy in a pediatric patient with a thoracic kyphotic deformity has not been reported in the literature. We present a 17-year-old boy with a progressive thoracic kyphosis ...
Gutiérrez Santamaría Javier J Vall de Hebron University Hospital and Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Immunoglobulin G4-related disease is a recently identified entity. The cervicofacial location is not frequent. We report the case of a patient with an inflammatory pseudotumor in the mandible, who had to undergo surgery for diagnosis. We review the clinical manifestations, diagnostic criteria, differential diagnosis, and treatment proposed by recent publications ...
Bakr Farrah F St John's Institute of Dermatology, St Thomas' Hospital, London. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intralymphatic histiocytosis (IH) is a rare condition often associated with systemic disease. A benign condition, clinical presentations can vary greatly and its cause is largely unknown. Histologically, there are macrophages within distended lymphatic vessels, although this can be an incidental finding or the primary abnormality. We present a series of 7 ...
Joshi Heman M N HM Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Giant pulmonary hamartomas are rare. We describe a case of a 59-year-old female patient with a giant chondroid hamartoma in the lower lobe of the right lung presenting with acute right heart failure. To the best of our knowledge such a unique presentation has not been previously described in the ...
Ghaemi Nosrat N Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
Thyroid gland is well known to resist infections by rich blood supply and lymphatic drainage, high glandular content of iodine which can be bactericidal and separation of the gland from other structures of neck. Primary thyroid abscess resulting from acute suppurative thyroiditis (AST) is an unusual type of head and ...
Zhou Xiao-Nong XN National Institute of psitic Diseases, Shanghai, China CDC. - - 2014
The editors of Infectious Diseases of Poverty would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 2 (2013).
Amadei Enrico Maria EM Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, S. Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Via Pietro Albertoni 15, 40138 Bologna, - - 2014
Several are the causes of cervical masses and among them a spontaneous hemorrhage presents a rare and life-threatening condition. Sometimes hemorrhage develops from a previous silent neck lesion as in the case of an anaplastic thyroid carcinoma associated with bleeding. We present two cases: a 70-year-old woman suffering from enlarging ...
Schwartz Emily N EN Family Medicine Physician at the Los Angeles Medical Center in CA. - - 2014
One of the challenges in the treatment of plantar fasciitis is that there are very few high-quality studies comparing different treatment modalities to guide evidence-based management. Current literature suggests a change to the way that plantar fasciitis is managed. This article reviews the most current literature on plantar fasciitis and ...
Warpe Bhushan M BM Department of Pathology, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, - - 2014
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is also known as Sinus Histiocytosis with Massive Lymphadenopathy (SHML). It is a rare, benign, self-limiting disease of phagocytic histiocytes affecting a young age group presenting with massive painless cervical lymphadenopathy. RDD has nodal and also extra-nodal involvement with episodes of exacerbation and remissions, whose aetiology remains ...
Chadha Nisha N Department of Ophthalmology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Cyclodialysis cleft is a rare clinical finding and therefore, reports on surgical repair techniques in the literature are limited. Additionally, hypotony can make repair technically challenging. We share a novel, simple surgical approach to management of a case of chronic traumatic cyclodialysis cleft with a successful outcome.
Mookkappan Sudhagar S Department of General Medicine, Pondicherry Institute of Medical - - 2014
Scrub typhus appears throughout the Asia-Pacific rim. This disease is known for its diverse clinical manifestations and complications. There is no literature on the association of scrub typhus with adrenal insufficiency. Relative bradycardia has been reported in scrub typhus during the febrile phase but not during convalescence. We report the ...
Papastefanou V P VP Ocular Oncology Service, St Bartholomew's and Moorfields Eye Hospital, London EC1A 7BE, - - 2014
Choroidal metastases from follicular thyroid carcinoma are uncommon and usually present as an amelanotic lesion against a background of known systemic disease. We present the case of a 56-year-old woman with a thyroid metastatic focus with unusual clinical presentation, systemic involvement, and early response to systemic treatment. A review of ...
Janik Martin M Institute of Forensic Medicine and Medicolegal Expertises, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, University Hospital, Martin, Slovak Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
Spontaneous hemothorax is a well-known yet seldom-reported entity in forensic literature. While trauma-related hemothorax is frequently encountered in a medicolegal setting, non-traumatic and spontaneous hemothorax are relatively uncommon entities. The wide range of causes that can trigger fatal intrathoracic bleeding include thoracic aortic dissection, followed by vascular malformations, various oncological ...
Mukherjee Anirban A Department of Nuclear Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2013
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare non-Langerhan's cell histiocytosis affecting multiple organ systems. The most common systemic manifestations are bone lesions, infiltration of the pituitary stalk sometimes leading to diabetes insipidus, pulmonary fibrosis, cardiac failure and exophthalmus. Neurological symptoms as the first clinical manifestations of ECD have been reported in ...
Rizkallah Jacques - - 2013
Eosinophilic myocarditis is a rare and often under-diagnosed subtype of myocarditis with only around 30 cases published in the medical literature. In this article we present two patients with eosinophilic myocarditis with the aim to demonstrate the often elusive nature of the disease and present the current scientific literature on ...
Mankovecky Michael R MR Postgraduate Year III Resident, Gundersen Medical Foundation, La Crosse, - - 2013
Septic arthrosis of the ankle is a rare, often devastating, infection, with a high potential for morbidity and mortality. Delay in treatment can lead to cartilage erosion, painful synovitis, and osteomyelitis. Septic ankle arthrosis deserves prompt recognition and intervention. However, quality, sound, protocol-directed arthroscopic treatment of septic ankle arthrosis of ...
Iqbal Saima - - 2013
This is the report of a case of methotrexate nephrotoxicity for which glucarpidase was used. We use the case to review a number of teaching points related to this new treatment option.
Jiang Yajian Y Department of Hematology, Bone Marrow Transplant Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University Medical School, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310003, P.R. China ; Program in Clinical Medicine, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310029, P.R. - - 2014
Neutropenia is a common side-effect in hyperthyroid patients with long-term use of antithyroid drugs. This may be caused by drug-induced immune dysfunction or increased thyroxine hematologic toxicity, which usually returns to normal after medication is discontinued or the hyperthyroidism becomes well controlled. However, hyperthyroidism with pancytopenia is extremely rare. The ...
Bagley Jacob H - - 2013
Arachnoiditis ossificans is a rare disorder characterized by the development of calcifications of the arachnoid membrane of the thoracic and lumbar spines. It is an extremely rare cause of spinal canal stenosis and consequent neurological compromise, and its origins and optimal management remain unclear. We review of the literature that ...
Zawawi Faisal F Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2013
Castleman's Disease is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder. In the literature, only 29 cases, associated with the neck presentation in children, have been reported. This is another case report regarding a 5-year old child who presented with a persistent cervical lymphadenopathy. Final pathology, after undergoing exploratory neck dissection and surgical excision, ...
Matano Fumihiro - - 2013
Cases of moyamoya disease or intracranial arterial stenosis around the circle of Willis (M/IAS) associated with hyperthyroidism have been reported. However, most of these previous reports were of the ischemic form of M/IAS and primary hyperthyroidism. To the best of our knowledge, no studies have documented therapy for M/IAS associated ...
Hu Jinwei J Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, United - - 2013
Intranasal glial heterotopia is an uncommon congenital nasal lesion of neuroectoderm origin. Involvement of the parapharyngeal space is extremely rare. We present a case report of a newborn with life-threatening respiratory distress and feeding difficulty caused by a nasal glial heterotopia in a rare location involving the nasopharynx and parapharyngeal ...
Wallace Zachary S ZS Division of Allergy, Immunology, and Rheumatology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2013
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an inflammatory disorder responsible for fibrosing, tumefactive lesions that can involve the lacrimal gland as well as the extraocular muscles, orbital soft tissues, sclera, and local nerves. We reviewed IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4-ROD), including the natural history, pathology, and treatment, based on our center's experience and ...
Yeoh Ester Chai Kheng - - 2013
The cribriform morular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (CMV-PTC) is a rare morphologic entity that is associated with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). We report a case of a young lady with an incidentally discovered right-sided neck nodule on ultrasonography with a diagnosis of CMV-PTC confirmed on thyroidectomy and review the ...
Harvey Aaron M - - 2013
Context.-The current study compares data from our hospital system before and after the 2008 implementation of the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytology (BSRTC). Objective.-To show the effects the BSRTC has had on the reporting rates and outcomes for thyroid lesions. Design.-A search for thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNABs) was ...
Leiser Yoav Y Clinical Instructor, Technion Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rambam Medical Center; Ruth and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2013
Controversies exist in the current literature regarding the treatment of lymphoepithelial carcinoma (LEC). The presented study summaries the literature controversies in the treatment of LEC and present a case of a rare LEC diagnosed in the sublingual gland of an otherwise healthy 21-year-old Arab woman. The patient was admitted for ...
Maraj Amisha - - 2013
Thyroid abscesses are rare, and Staphylococcus aureus is the main causative organism. Abscesses caused by other organisms are even rarer. This report describes a case of salmonella thyroiditis in an HIV-positive patient. Fine-needle aspiration cytology was performed and Salmonella sp. were cultured. The patient was successfully treated with antibiotics and incision and ...
Colletti Giacomo - - 2013
To review the literature on vascular malformations and to clarify their diagnosis, clinical presentation, and treatment options. The authors reviewed the current literature on vascular malformations looking for more innovative and credited diagnostic criteria and treatment protocols. The review is divided in 4 sections (capillary, venous, arteriovenous, and lymphatic malformations). ...
Mehta Rohtesh S - - 2013
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare disease in children and an exceptionally rare occurrence in adults. It is categorized broadly into primary (familial) or the secondary types; the latter being associated most commonly with an underlying malignancy. HLH carries a high rate of mortality, and the treatment itself is associated ...
Zhao Wenxue - - 2013
Pegylated interferon alpha (Peg IFN-α) in combination with ribavirin is the backbone of treatment in chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Cardiotoxicity due to interferon therapy is rare. The most frequent cardiovascular complications are arrhythmias and ischemic manifestations. Cardiomyopathy is extremely rare but can be life threatening. We present the case of ...
Triggiani Vincenzo - - 2013
The clinical occurrence of ectopic thyroid gland is an infrequently encountered condition, resulting from the developmental abnormality during the migration of the thyroid anlage from the floor of the primitive foregut to its final position in the neck. It can be found along the way of thyroid descent, in the ...
Farhat Nada A - - 2013
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is the most common salivary gland malignancy and it may arise anywhere that salivary tissue is present. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma has been reported to arise de novo within the thyroid gland, and here, we describe three cases of primary mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the thyroid, including clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, ...
Johnston Peter S - - 2013
Os acromiale is a common finding in shoulder surgery. We review the anatomy, prevalence, pathophysiology, and treatment options for this diagnosis. In addition, we report on a case series of 6 patients with a symptomatic meso os acromiale who were treated with a new technique involving arthroscopic acromioplasty in conjunction ...
Park Tina Keun Nan - - 2013
Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD), an autosomal dominant disorder with a prevalence of 1 in 1,000,000 individuals, is mainly caused by mutations in Runx2, a gene required for osteoblastic differentiation. It is generally characterized by hypoplastic clavicles, narrow thorax, and delayed or absent fontanel closure. Importantly, its orofacial manifestations, including midfacial hypoplasia, ...
Agarwal Vratika - - 2013
Floating right heart thrombus, also known as "emboli in transit" is a potentially fatal condition, which may be attributed to several different etiologies and usually co-exists with massive pulmonary embolism. Although, the mortality rate is as high as 40%, there are no therapeutic guidelines established. A case is presented of ...
Upadhyay Jagriti - - 2013
Objective: We report a case of thyrotoxicosis following minimally invasive parathyroidectomy.Methods: Case report with review of literature.Results: A 70-year-old woman with primary hyperparathyroidism developed thyrotoxicosis 2 weeks following minimally invasive radio-guided parathyroidectomy. The diagnosis of post-parathyroidectomy thyrotoxicosis (PTT) was made after excluding other causes of thyrotoxicosis. She reverted back to ...
Zaman Rashid - - 2013
This short paper reviews the case for the use of Transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of Adult-ADHD, summarising present knowledge and making the case for future studies.
Shah Mamta - - 2013
Thyrotoxic Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis (THPP) is a rare complication of thyrotoxicosis and can sometimes be fatal. It needs early recognition for proper management and prevention of recurrences. Here we describe two cases presenting with acute onset of paresis, low potassium levels, low levels of thyroid-stimulating hormones (TSH), and elevated thyroid ...
Hong Jae Won JW Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Acromegaly is a slowly progressive disease caused by excessive growth hormone (GH), which is related to a GH secreting pituitary tumor in most cases. Herein, we describe the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and treatment of acromegaly in Korea with a literature review. The average annual incidence of acromegaly in Korea was ...
Hunn Benjamin H M - - 2013
Idiopathic granulomatous hypophysitis (IGH) is a rare inflammatory disease of the pituitary. There is debate in the scientific literature as to whether IGH represents a continuum of disease with lymphocytic hypophysitis or has a distinct pathogenesis. Due to the rare nature of the disease, previous descriptions have been limited to ...
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