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Hsu Shun-Neng SN Division of Nephrology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, - - 2014
A 33-year-old Chinese man with 9-year history of Kimura's disease (KD) was admitted with a 1-month history of recurrent claudication. He did not have any clinical discomfort and had not taken any preventive medication in the past. He accepted percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and the pathologic diagnosis was reportedly consistent with ...
Eshraghian Ahad A Ahad Eshraghian, Department of Internal Medicine, Namazi hospital, Shiraz University of medical sciences, PO Box 71345-1744 Shiraz, - - 2014
Thyroid hormones are totally involved in the regulation of body weight, lipid metabolism, and insulin resistance. Therefore it is anticipated that thyroid hormones may have a role in the pathogenesis of non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). In this study, we reviewed the current literature ...
Veer Vik V James Cook University Hospital, Marton Rd, Middlesbrough, TS4 3BW, England, UK, - - 2014
To appraise the literature for studies involving the use of elastography to diagnose thyroid nodule pathology. Two independent reviewers performed a systematic review of the English medical literature for studies involving elastography diagnosing thyroid nodule pathology. Data gleaned from this process was used in a meta-analysis to summarise the results. ...
Dhall Sanjay S SS Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco, California; - - 2014
Object Minimally invasive spinal (MIS) surgery techniques have been used sporadically in thoracolumbar junction trauma cases in the past 5 years. A review of the literature on the treatment of thoracolumbar trauma treated with MIS surgery revealed no unifying algorithm to assist with treatment planning. Therefore, the authors formulated a ...
Abdelfattah Ahmed Maher AM Faculty of Medicine, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, - - 2014
Erdheim-Chester disease is a rare form of non-Langerhans' cell histiocytosis characterized by multi-system infiltration by xanthogranulomas composed of foamy histiocytes surrounded by fibrosis. Approximately 400 cases have been reported in the literature, and the recent increase in the number of cases is likely due to the increased awareness of its ...
Palejwala Sheri K SK Division of Neurosurgery, University of Arizona Medical Center, 1501 North Campbell Avenue, P.O. Box 2405070, Tucson 85724, - - 2014
We describe 3 patients who presented with radiographic signs and clinical symptoms of adjacent segment disease several years after undergoing L4-S1 posterior pedicle screw fusion. All patients underwent successful lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) at 1-2 levels above their previous constructs, using stand-alone cages, with complete resolution of radiculopathy and ...
Oremus Mark M Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, MIP Suite 309A, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4K1, - - 2014
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP) levels are increased in persons with heart failure (HF); low levels of these peptides rule out HF. We systematically reviewed the literature to assess the use of BNP and NT-proBNP in the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment for HF. We also examined the ...
Hadwen Thomas I TI Department of Endocrinology, Cairns Hospital, 165-171 The Esplanade, Cairns, - - 2014
Objective: To report a case of non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy associated with Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome type III.Methods: A review of our patient's medical records was undertaken and her clinical history, investigations, and outcome have been described. In addition a literature review of non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy occurring in association with autoimmune polyendocrinopathies ...
Bi Yalan - - 2014
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) involving the cardiovascular system is extremely rare; to our knowledge, there are only 9 cases in the literature. Here, a case of a 60-year-old male with RDD involving the right atrium is presented. A comprehensive literature review was undertaken to summarize the clinical and pathologic features of ...
Zhao Guang-Ju GJ Emergency Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325000, P.R. - - 2014
Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare but fatal infection, characterized by the rapid progression of necrosis of the fascia, skin, soft tissue and muscle. The most common bacteria associated with necrotizing fasciitis is group A streptococcus, although other pathogens have also been implicated. In the present study, a case of community-acquired ...
Lastra Ricardo R RR Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St., Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2014
Ossifying fibromyxoid tumors are rare soft-tissue neoplasms, usually with an indolent course. However, atypical/malignant variants have been described, showing either local recurrence after complete excision or metastasis to the lungs, mediastinum, adrenals, or soft tissue. We report the case of an ossifying fibromyxoid tumor of the left ankle that metastasized ...
Franzotti Aline Martinez AM Complexo Hospitalar Padre Bento de Guarulhos, Guarulhos, SP, - - 2014
Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris (PRP) is a chronic and rare papulosquamous disorder. Treatment of Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris is based on empiric evidence because of several doubts regarding its etiology and also because of its relative rarity, making randomized studies difficult to perform. Some factors suggest that the metabolism of vitamin A ...
Elhussein Tarek Ali TA Department of Cardiac Sciences, Libin Cardiovascular Institute, Foothills Medical Center, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Pulmonic valve infective endocarditis in isolation is a rare clinical entity. The formation of an abscess in the right ventricular outflow tract as a consequence of vegetations affecting the pulmonic valve in a structurally normal heart is extremely rare and has not been reported. We report a case of isolated ...
Cheung L L Department of ENT,Conquest Hospital,East Sussex Healthcare NHS Trust,St. - - 2014
Objective: We report a case of a patient with symptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism who was found, through a thorough radiological investigation, to also have papillary and medullary thyroid carcinomas. Case report: A 59-year-old female was diagnosed with primary hyperparathyroidism. A further radiological investigation found suspicious areas within both thyroid lobes that ...
Dibelius Gregory G The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, Otolaryngology, New York, New York, United States ; - - 2014
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is an uncommon thyroid malignancy. Noninvasive ATC is a rare, surgically resectable variant with only four reported cases. We report a case of an 81 year old man who presented with a 3.1 cm right thyroid lobe mass that on fine needle aspiration biopsy was diagnosed ...
Shield P W PW Cytology Department, Sullivan Nicolaides Pathology, Taringa, Qld, Australia; School of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Qld, - - 2014
To determine: (1) the accuracy of cytology scientists at assessing specimen adequacy by rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) at fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology collections; and (2) whether thyroid FNA with ROSE has lower inadequacy rates than non-attended FNAs. The ROSE of adequacy for 3032 specimens from 17 anatomical sites collected ...
Ogino Yoichiro Y Assistant Professor, Section of Implant and Rehabilitative Dentistry, Division of Oral Rehabilitation, Faculty of Dental Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Osteopetrosis (OP) is a rare condition characterized by skeletal sclerosis caused by dysfunctional osteoclasts. Though many reports have described severe infantile-malignant autosomal recessive OP, few have described the prosthetic management of adult OP. This report discusses the prosthetic treatment of adult OP. Although prosthodontists should try to reconstruct occlusal function ...
Okere Pcn P Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, - - 2014
This article presents a case of Hurthle cell adenoma (HCA) of the thyroid gland with a review of literature on Hurthle cell tumors. This case presented is that of a 57-year-old woman with a recurrent thyroid swelling. She previously underwent a right hemithyroidectomy for thyroid mass 10 years prior. A ...
Zhang Liying L Department of Pathology, The Military General Hospital of Beijing PLA, Beijing 100700, P.R. - - 2014
Primary thyroid lymphomas are rare, and the majority are B-cell lymphoma. Primary Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) of the thyroid is much less common than the other types of lymphoma. The current study presents the case of an eight-year-old male with a mass in the right lobe of the thyroid, which was ...
Sheth Shyam S Project Manager, Gujarat Cleft and Craniofacial Research Institute (The GCCRI) Ahmedabad - - 2014
Munchmeyer's disease is a rare variety of myositis ossificans. It is a significant clinical entity, diagnosing & understanding its pathophysiology can save the patient from spurious medical workups & the anxiety of a suspected neoplasm. The number of its authentic cases in the literature is small. The purpose of this ...
Tingo Jennifer E JE 1 Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York, United States of - - 2014
We present the case of an infant with three distinct outflow tracts from the right ventricle. Three outlets from the heart have been previously named the "Tritruncal Heart". We review the two previously reported cases of tritruncal hearts and describe the anatomy, diagnosis, surgical management, and outcome of our case. ...
Schmidt Julia C JC Department of Periodontology, Cariology and Endodontology, University of Basel, - - 2014
The treatment of periodontal-endodontic lesions is challenging due to the involvement of both periodontal and endodontic tissues. To evaluate the treatment options and outcomes of periodontal-endodontic lesions. A systematic literature search was performed for articles published by 12 May 2013 using electronic databases and hand search. Two reviewers conducted the ...
Gabriel Abigail A Department of Anatomical Sciences, St. George's University, School of Medicine, Grenada, West Indies; Department of Internal Medicine, Harlem Hospital, New York, New - - 2014
Ectopia cordis (EC) is a rare congenital anomaly associated with the heart positioned outside of the thoracic cavity either partially or completely. The ectopic heart can be found along a spectrum of anatomical locations, including the cervical, thoracic and abdominal regions and in most cases, it protrudes outside the chest ...
Nadir Aydin A Department of Thoracic Surgery, Turgut Özal University School of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2014
Castleman's disease (CD), also known as angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia, is an uncommon, lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown etiology, mostly involving the mediastinum. Parenchymal lung involvement of the disease is extremely rare. Intrapulmonary CD has been reported in seven cases in the English literature. We describe an asymptomatic 28-year-old woman with ...
Rebai Ibtihel I Research Unit 06/11 and Department of Child and Adolescent Neurology, National Institute Mongi Ben Hmida of Neurology, Tunis, Tunisia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Parkinsonism is a rare complication of encephalitis in childhood. Association to an isolated involvement of substantia nigra is exceptional. Mechanisms of nigral cells neurotropism remain hypothetic. We report on three children presenting with postencephalitic parkinsonism and selective involvement of substantia nigra, with literature review and we discuss pathogenic mechanisms.
Rajapakse Thilinie T Section of Neurology, - - 2014
Sudden, severe, and life-threatening, the crises associated with baroreflex failure are diagnostically challenging, particularly in children, a population in which it has rarely been described. The baroreflex failure syndrome results from impaired afferent baroreceptive input and manifests with autonomic stimulation-induced surges in blood pressure and heart rate accompanied by distinct ...
Grenfell Solveig S Department of Radiation Oncology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; Adelaide Radiotherapy Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
Palmar and plantar fascial fibromatoses are benign hyperproliferative disorders of the deep fascia of the palm and sole. This study seeks to examine the role of radiotherapy in the management of fascial fibromatosis. Six consecutive cases of early-stage fascial fibromatosis treated with radiotherapy at the Adelaide Radiotherapy Centre between July ...
Liu Min - - 2014
Primary bone lymphoma (PBL) is a rare but distinct clinicopathological disease. Because it is not common, the optimal treatment strategy has not been established. Here, we present a patient with PBL of the left radius and review the related literature. We focus on the standard treatment for PBL. Many aspects ...
Pathak Priya P Department of Pathology, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, Delhi, 110095, - - 2014
Standardized diagnostic terminology was introduced by the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (BSRTC) in an effort to bring uniformity to the reporting of thyroid cytopathology, provide more defined categories to enable clinical management, and minimize the number of inconclusive cases. Previous studies indicate that the BSRTC is a reliable ...
Iaconetta G G Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy. - - 2014
Castleman's disease (giant lymph node hyperplasia, angiofollicular hyperplasia, lymphoid hamartoma, benign giant lymphoma), is a quite rare and complex disease of lymphoid tissue that causes progressive lymph node enlargement, typically presenting as a solitary mediastinal mass. It was first described by Castleman et al in 1956. The head and neck ...
Conzo Giovanni G Department of Anaesthesiology, Surgical and Emergency Science VII Division of General Surgery, Second University of Naples, Naples I-80131, - - 2014
Primary smooth muscle tumors of the thyroid gland are extremely rare neoplasms. Due to their rarity, clinical case studies concerning management are lacking. According to a literature review, only 19 cases of primary thyroid leiomyosarcomas (TLs) have been reported. In the majority of patients, the prognosis is poor since adjuvant ...
Li Y Y Division of Pediatric Surgery, Michael E DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, 6701 Fannin Street Suite 1210, Houston, TX, 77030, - - 2014
Allgrove syndrome is a rare genetic disorder typically manifested by alacrima, achalasia, and adrenal insufficiency, and is one of the rare causes of achalasia in infants. While the gold standard for achalasia treatment in adults is an esophageal myotomy with fundoplication, a standard treatment for infantile achalasia remains undetermined due ...
Loh Tze Ping TP Department of Laboratory Medicine, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, 119074 - - 2014
Objective: We describe a case of spurious hyperthyroxinemia secondary to thyroid hormone autoantibodies (THAAb) in a clinically euthyroid patient with Turner mosaic syndrome.Methods: Several commonly available laboratory-based approaches were used to investigate an isolate, disproportionate elevation of free T4, which led to the diagnosis of THAAb. A literature review was ...
Phulambrikar Tushar T Oral Medicine Diagnosis and Radiology, Sri Aurobindo College of Dentistry, Indore, - - 2014
Takayasu's arteritis (TA) often referred to as pulseless disease, is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting the aorta and its main branches. While the first reported case was documented in Japan in 1908, it does occur worldwide, but is more prevalent in young oriental females from China and Southeast Asia. The ...
Rahalkar Mukund M Sahyadri Speciality Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Various anomalies of thyro-glossal duct have been described, in which the duct may form a cyst or may present as a solid nodule to form an ectopic gland. The ectopic gland can develop along the tract of the duct to give rise to ectopic lingual, sublingual (pre-hyoid) or sub-hyoid (pyramidal) ...
Seol Myung Do MD Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Sahmyook Seoul Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
To date, it has been well documented that there is a relationship between alterations in thyroid hormones and cardiac dysfunction. We experienced a case of a 36-year-old man with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) accompanied by undiagnosed primary hypothyroidism. In the current case, there was a significant improvement in the cardiac function ...
Tsesis Igor - - 2014
Background: Some endodontic procedures may cause damage to the inferior alveolar nerve, leading to paraesthesia. When such complication is due to extrusion of obturation material beyond the apex, it can be managed by intentional replantation (IR). IR consists of the removal of a tooth and its re-insertion into the socket ...
Baumfeld Ds D Department of Orthopedic and Traumatology, Felício Rocho Hospital, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
Trevor disease or hemimelic epiphyseal dysplasia is a rare skeletal developmental disorder characterized by asymmetric overgrowth of cartilage in the epiphyses. Histologically, it is an epiphysis osteochondroma. The symptom onset occurs primarily during childhood. Males are 3 times more affected than females. The most common symptom is a painless bony ...
Abdullah Harris Ngow HN Harris Ngow Abdullah, Department of Internal Medicine, Kulliyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan 25710, - - 2014
Cardiac metastases are among the topics with limited systematic reviews. Theoretically, the heart can be infiltrated by any malignancy with the ability to spread to distant structures. Thus far, no specific tumors are known to have a predilection for the heart, but some do metastasize more often than others, for ...
McAninch Elizabeth A EA Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33136 Clinical Trial Registration Number: not - - 2014
Context: Acute infectious thyroiditis, particularly fungal thyroiditis, is rare and typically presents in immunocompromised individuals. Here we report the first case of coccidiomycosis thyroiditis occurring in an organ recipient as a consequence of likely allograft contamination and discuss the management strategies for thyroid masses in the setting of disseminated infection. ...
Safain Mina G MG Department of Neurosurgery, Tufts Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, 800 Washington St, Box #178, Boston, MA, 02111, - - 2014
Pediatric kyphotic deformity is an uncommon clinical entity that can occur following posterior spinal operations and has significant complexity in its treatment. Tension myelopathy in a pediatric patient with a thoracic kyphotic deformity has not been reported in the literature. We present a 17-year-old boy with a progressive thoracic kyphosis ...
Gutiérrez Santamaría Javier J Vall de Hebron University Hospital and Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Immunoglobulin G4-related disease is a recently identified entity. The cervicofacial location is not frequent. We report the case of a patient with an inflammatory pseudotumor in the mandible, who had to undergo surgery for diagnosis. We review the clinical manifestations, diagnostic criteria, differential diagnosis, and treatment proposed by recent publications ...
Bakr Farrah F St John's Institute of Dermatology, St Thomas' Hospital, London. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intralymphatic histiocytosis (IH) is a rare condition often associated with systemic disease. A benign condition, clinical presentations can vary greatly and its cause is largely unknown. Histologically, there are macrophages within distended lymphatic vessels, although this can be an incidental finding or the primary abnormality. We present a series of 7 ...
Joshi Heman M N HM Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Giant pulmonary hamartomas are rare. We describe a case of a 59-year-old female patient with a giant chondroid hamartoma in the lower lobe of the right lung presenting with acute right heart failure. To the best of our knowledge such a unique presentation has not been previously described in the ...
Ghaemi Nosrat N Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
Thyroid gland is well known to resist infections by rich blood supply and lymphatic drainage, high glandular content of iodine which can be bactericidal and separation of the gland from other structures of neck. Primary thyroid abscess resulting from acute suppurative thyroiditis (AST) is an unusual type of head and ...
Zhou Xiao-Nong XN National Institute of psitic Diseases, Shanghai, China CDC. - - 2014
The editors of Infectious Diseases of Poverty would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 2 (2013).
Amadei Enrico Maria EM Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, S. Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Via Pietro Albertoni 15, 40138 Bologna, - - 2014
Several are the causes of cervical masses and among them a spontaneous hemorrhage presents a rare and life-threatening condition. Sometimes hemorrhage develops from a previous silent neck lesion as in the case of an anaplastic thyroid carcinoma associated with bleeding. We present two cases: a 70-year-old woman suffering from enlarging ...
Schwartz Emily N EN Family Medicine Physician at the Los Angeles Medical Center in CA. - - 2014
One of the challenges in the treatment of plantar fasciitis is that there are very few high-quality studies comparing different treatment modalities to guide evidence-based management. Current literature suggests a change to the way that plantar fasciitis is managed. This article reviews the most current literature on plantar fasciitis and ...
Warpe Bhushan M BM Department of Pathology, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, - - 2014
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is also known as Sinus Histiocytosis with Massive Lymphadenopathy (SHML). It is a rare, benign, self-limiting disease of phagocytic histiocytes affecting a young age group presenting with massive painless cervical lymphadenopathy. RDD has nodal and also extra-nodal involvement with episodes of exacerbation and remissions, whose aetiology remains ...
Chadha Nisha N Department of Ophthalmology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Cyclodialysis cleft is a rare clinical finding and therefore, reports on surgical repair techniques in the literature are limited. Additionally, hypotony can make repair technically challenging. We share a novel, simple surgical approach to management of a case of chronic traumatic cyclodialysis cleft with a successful outcome.
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