Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 874
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Manrique E J C - - 2011
E. J. C. Manrique, N. L. A. Souza, S. B. N. Tavares, Z. B. P. Albuquerque, L. C. Zeferino and R. G. Amaral Analysis of the performance of 100% rapid review using an average time of 1 and 2 minutes according to the quality of cervical cytology specimens Objectives:  To ...
Cervantes Carlos M - - 2010
This review examined the literature on physical activity measurement among individuals with disabilities utilizing Yun and Ulrich's (2002) view on measurement validity. Specific inclusion criteria were identified. The search produced 115 articles; however, only 28 met all specified criteria. Findings revealed that self-reports and accelerometers were the most common approaches ...
Lagrèze Wolf A - - 2010
Comprehensive, systematic reviews on the benefit of vision screening in preschool children were published in 2008 by major national organizations in both Germany and the United Kingdom. These reviews raised public interest in the topic. This article contains a discussion of the sensitivity, specificity, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness of preschool vision ...
Bain Tyson M TM Baylor Health Care System, Dallas, TX, - - 2010
Self-report measures have been validated and are widely used. Interest currently lies in the development of simple, valid methods that can be used in any location to determine level of PA in large populations/samples. The purpose of this report is to illustrate tracking of physical activity behaviors and musculoskeletal injury ...
Palmer Lena B - - 2010
Quality endoscopy reporting is essential when community endoscopists perform colonoscopies for veterans who cannot be scheduled at a Veterans Administration (VA) facility. To examine the quality of colonoscopy reports received from community practices and to determine factors associated with more complete reporting, by using national documentation guidelines. Cross-sectional analysis. Reports ...
Owens Scott R - - 2010
We describe the development and testing of a novel pre-sign-out quality assurance tool for case diagnoses that allows for the random review of a percentage of cases by a second pathologist before case verification and release of the final report. The tool incorporates the ability to record and report levels ...
Hutchinson A - - 2010
To determine which of the two methods of case note review provide the most useful and reliable information for reviewing quality of care. Retrospective, multiple reviews of 692 case notes were undertaken using both holistic (implicit) and criterion-based (explicit) review methods. Quality measures were evidence-based review criteria and a quality ...
Chandra Sonal - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although the use of facilitated reporting to generate echocardiographic reports has many advantages over traditional dictation and transcription, it is not perfect, because physicians can still select finding codes that are in conflict with each other. METHODS: The investigators developed a tool allowing the creation of combinations of finding ...
Chen Eleanor Y - - 2010
An accurate assessment of 'progression' from a low (LSIL) to high (HSIL) grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)2 or CIN3) of the cervix is critical to ascertaining HSIL outcome risk, the value of predictive biomarkers, and the need for excisional therapy. We obtained biopsy outcome data on a ...
Collier S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: An external quality assessment (EQA) scheme for parasite serology was introduced in April 2005 as a tool to measure how well laboratories were performing in parasite serodiagnosis. AIM AND METHODS: To review the scheme design and performance from its beginning until January 2008. RESULTS: The numbers of participating laboratories ...
Scialfa Charles - - 2010
The Roadwise Review has been reported to provide an effective means of self-assessing and predicting driving difficulties in older adults. We administered it to 73 community-dwelling older drivers (M = 73 years) and also gathered data on self-reported driving difficulties, 2-year retrospective collisions, and moving violations. The acuity tests and ...
Sellari-Franceschini S - - 2010
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare benign condition of unknown origin, which was first described in 1969. By histopathology, the disease is composed of sinusoidal lymph node hyperplasia and abundant histiocytes with haemophagocytosis, particularly lymphocytes. It commonly affects lymph nodes, and rarely has an exclusively extra-nodal clinical presentation. Among the ...
Ghosh Arnab - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Castleman's disease (CD) is a rare disease of lymph node with two identified forms - the hyaline vascular (HV) type or angiofollicular type and plasma cell (PC) type. It usually presents as localized or systemic lymphadenopathy or even as extra nodal mass and may give rise to ...
Nambiar A - - 2010
AIMS: To audit the information content of the pathology report on Low Anterior Resection (LAR) specimens and to provide recommendations in order to improve the existing standard of reporting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All the reports of LAR specimens during 2004 - 2005 were collected from the Hospital Information System (HIS). ...
Sanford Keith - - 2010
This study of married couples investigated the short-term predictive validity of the partner-report and self-report scales of the Conflict Communication Inventory and compared the validity of these scales with the validity of observer ratings. A sample of 83 married couples completed two problem-solving conversations. Self-report, partner-report, and observer ratings from ...
Benbassat Jochanan - - 2010
To review the reported reliability (reproducibility, inter-examiner agreement) and validity (sensitivity, specificity and likelihood ratios) of respiratory physical examination (PE) signs, and suggest an approach to teaching these signs to medical students. Review of the literature. We searched Paper Chase between 1966 and June 2009 to identify and evaluate published ...
Dierks Meghan M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Underreporting of surgical adverse events limits the ability to identify quality and safety issues. Automated screening of the clinical information system (CIS) can improve case capture and reduce dependency on self-reporting. We compared screening of a CIS to self-reporting for identifying unplanned reoperation and also examined the relationship between ...
Weiner Bradley K - - 2010
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: It is commonly believed that the peer-review process is reliable and consistent. It appears, however, that depending on the journal and the editorial leadership, agreement by reviewers on whether to publish submitted articles varies widely; from substantial to slightly greater than one would expect with random assignments of ...
Balslev Thomas - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to determine whether the diagnostic accuracy of nonexperts in selected learning environments would improve with the use of patient video cases (PVCs). METHODS: We designed a stepwise, team-based, learning approach with a (1) text-based patient presentation, (2) first review of a PVC, (3) small-group discussion, (4) ...
Wolin Kathleen Y - - 2010
Physical activity self-report instruments in the US have largely been developed for and validated in White samples. Despite calls to validate existing instruments in more diverse samples, relatively few instruments have been validated in US Blacks. Emerging evidence suggests that these instruments may have differential validity in Black populations. This ...
Haeffel Gerald J - - 2010
Self-report continues to be one of the most widely used measurement strategies in psychology despite longstanding concerns about its validity and scientific rigor. In this article, the merits of self-report are examined from a philosophy of science perspective. A framework is also provided for evaluating self-report measures. Specifically, four issues ...
Nierenberg Nicolas - - 2010
The 1983 National Academy of Sciences report entitled "Changing Climate," authored by a committee of physical and social scientists chaired by William Nierenberg, was an early comprehensive review of the effects of human-caused increases in the levels of atmospheric CO2. Study of the events surrounding the committee's creation, deliberations, and ...
Vijayaraghavan Rajagopalan - - 2010
Isolated tuberculous osteomyelitis involving flat bones such as the scapula is extremely rare. The diagnosis is generally delayed due to non-specific complaints and radiographs mimicking pyogenic osteomyelitis, especially in those with no lung involvement. The authors report a case of isolated tuberculous osteomyelitis of the scapula in a 44-year-old woman. ...
Awotesu Segun - - 2010
Ectropion is a condition in which the lower eyelid turns outwards from the globe. It is commonly due to age related involutional laxity of the lid tissue. Ectropion may also be secondary to scarring or contracture of the periorbital skin and underlying tissues which pulls the eyelids outwards. Jessner's lymphocytic ...
Stovall Bradley Alan - - 2010
The purpose of this article is to review current research investigating the reliability of bony anatomical landmark positional asymmetry assessment in the lumbar spine and pelvis, to determine the agreement on findings between authors, and to explore future directions in the area to address the significant issues. The databases MEDLINE, ...
Dwan Kerry - - 2010
Outcome reporting bias (ORB) occurs when variables are selected for publication based on their results. This can impact upon the results of a meta-analysis, biasing the pooled treatment effect estimate.The aim of this paper is to show how to assess a systematic review and corresponding trial reports for ORB using ...
Ng Wendy Ky - - 2010
The treatment of digital ischemia remains difficult. Sildenafil (Viagra, Pfizer UK), a selective phosphodiesterase inhibitor, increases blood flow and is currently marketed for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. A case of a 57-year-old man with progressive episodic ischemia and pain of the fingertips resulting in finger tip ulceration is presented. ...
Lima Gabriela de Morais Gouvêa Gde M Postgraduation Program in Oral Biopathology, São José dos Campos Dental School, São Paulo State University - UNESP, São José dos Campos, São Paulo - - 2010
Cherubism is a congenital childhood disease of autosomal dominant inheritance. This disease is characterized by painless bilateral enlargement of the jaws, in which bone is replaced with fibrous tissue. The condition has sui generis clinical, radiographic and histological features, of which the clinician should be aware for a better differential ...
Barba Michelangelo M European Patent Office, Munich, 80335 Germany. - - 2010
This article reviews the provisions of the European Patent Convention with regard to diagnostic methods practiced on the human or animal body. Moreover, it is also discussed the relevant jurisprudence (Case Law) interpreting the legal provisions. Some examples based on real cases are also presented and discussed.
Muir Derek C G - - 2010
This article provides an overview of key findings in the reviews in this special issue on the assessment of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) under the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP), identifies knowledge gaps, and presents conclusions and recommendations for future work. The articles in this special issue summarize the ...
Coleman R Edward - - 2010
Our objective was to identify core elements for inclusion in oncologic PET reports and to evaluate a sample of reports in the National Oncologic PET Registry database. METHODS: A list of desirable elements in PET reports was compiled from American College of Radiology and Society of Nuclear Medicine guidelines. A ...
Tsuchiya Karen D - - 2009
PURPOSE:: The purpose of this study was to assess the variability in interpretation and reporting of copy number changes that are detected by array-based technology in the clinical laboratory. METHODS:: Thirteen different copy number changes, detected by array comparative genomic hybridization, that have not been associated with an abnormal phenotype ...
Miyakoshi Asako - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to evaluate the accuracy of preliminary interpretations of emergency neurologic CT scans after hours by on-call radiology residents and to assess the clinical impact of residents' errors at a level I trauma center. METHODS: A quality assurance database of neurologic CT examinations was ...
Raj Rishi - - 2009
Rapid screening tests are insensitive for detecting the novel swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) virus (S-OIV), and false negatives can delay the diagnosis and initiation of appropriate antiviral therapy. The case of a 26-year-old double lung transplant recipient presenting with fever, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates, and a negative influenza direct immunofluorescent antibody ...
Burnett Christina L - - 2009
Aminomethyl propanol and aminomethyl propanediol are substituted aliphatic alcohols that function as pH adjusters in cosmetic products at concentrations less than 10%; additionally, aminomethyl propanediol is a fragrance. Extensive oral toxicity data are reviewed, with fewer inhalation toxicity data. Dermal toxicity data are presented that demonstrate, for example, that a ...
Trabelsi Amel - - 2009
Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the urethra is an extremely rare tumour. Its histogenetic derivation remains controversial. We report a new case of clear cell adenocarcinoma of the proximal urethra in a 56-year-old woman who presented with grossly hematuria. Urethral cystoscopy revealed a tumour protruding from the posterior urethral wall at ...
Peat Christine - - 2009
The purpose of this article is to review the available literature that addresses the predictive validity and utility of subtyping patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) into binge/purge and restrictor subtypes. Literature was reviewed including studies that compared individuals with subtype diagnoses on clinical and outcome variables as well as more ...
Haddow Lewis J LJ Department of HIV and Genitourinary Medicine, King's College London, London, - - 2009
There is no validated case definition for human immunodeficiency virus-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). We measured the level of agreement of 2 published case definitions (hereafter referred to as CD1 and CD2) with expert opinion in a prospective cohort of patients who were starting antiretroviral therapy in South Africa. ...
Ponnamperuma Gominda G - - 2009
CONTEXT: This review provides a summary of the published literature on the suitability of the long case and its modifications for high-stakes assessment. METHODS: Databases related to medicine were searched for articles published from 2000 to 2008, using the keywords 'long case', 'clinical examinations' and 'clinical assessment'. Reference lists of ...
Classen Sherrilene - - 2009
We conducted a literature review of assessment tools predicting driving performance for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Data sources were Web of Science, EBSCOhost, PubMed, and recently published literature from experts and team members not yet catalogued in the databases. We used the American Academy of Neurology's classification criteria ...
Von Feldt Joan M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In the current climate of increasing demands on a disproportionately small number of senior female faculty, we implemented a brief curriculum vitae (CV) review session as an opportunity to expand the professional network of junior women faculty and provide them with additional formal career advice. METHODS: For 3 years, ...
Raju G - - 2009
Unusual presentations of thyroid neoplasms have been reported from time to time. Four such cases of bizarre presentations of thyroid malignancies seen in the ENT Department of ESIC Hospital, K.K. Nagar, Chennai, India are presented. These cases highlight certain important issues concerning the diagnosis and management. A review of the ...
Strandell Johanna - - 2009
In a systematic screening of the World Health Organization Adverse Drug Reaction database, VigiBase, in July 2008, a measure of association used to detect interactions (Omega) highlighted azithromycin with the individual statins atorvastatin, lovastatin and simvastatin and rhabdomyolysis. The aim was to examine all reports including rhabdomyolysis-azithromycin and statins in ...
Fini Andrea - - 2009
This is a literature review report to describe characteristics (frequency, intensity and correlates) of fatigue in cases of heart failure. MedLine and LILACS were the examined databases. Out of 89 articles identified, 27 were selected for data extraction. Fatigue frequency ranged from 69% to 88% and fatigue intensities are incomparable ...
Caumo F - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the interval cancer (IC) proportional incidence and review IC cases observed in an Italian mammography screening programme during 2000-2006. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ICs were identified through linkage of a screening database with the local cancer registry and hospital discharge records to ...
Skouloudis Antonis - - 2009
The purpose of this article is twofold. First, evaluation scoring systems for triple bottom line (TBL) reports to date are examined and potential methodological weaknesses and problems are highlighted. In this context, a new assessment methodology is presented based explicitly on the most widely acknowledged standard on non-financial reporting worldwide, ...
Haneline Michael T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to locate articles that assessed the reliability of static palpation of the spine and sacroiliac joints, to appraise the quality of these studies, and synthesize their results. METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted of chiropractic and medical databases PubMed, Manual Alternative and ...
Malhotra S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To explore, following a literature review, whether there is a consistent definition and a unified assessment framework for the term 'spasticity'. The congruence between the definitions of spasticity and the corresponding methods of measurement were also explored. DATA SOURCES: The search was performed on the electronic databases Web of ...
Dorr David A - - 2009
Serious adverse drug event (sADE) reporting to Institutional Review Boards (IRB) is essential to ensure pharmaceutical safety. However, the quality of these reports has not been studied. Safety reports are especially important for cancer drugs that receive accelerated Food and Drug Administration approval, like imatinib, as preapproval experience with these ...
Moro Paola A - - 2009
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Folk medicine is a rich source of useful therapeutic tools. Nevertheless, use of medicinal plants can have unwanted, negative effects. By means of the description of an adverse reaction to a herbal remedy, we highlight the need for better efficacy-toxicity studies on these products. AIM OF THE STUDY: ...
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