Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 862
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Restifo Sam - - 2011
Objective: The purpose of this paper is to outline a basic approach to psychotherapy treatment selection, with an emphasis on the role of contextual factors. Method: Observations and suggestions are based on clinical work and reading of the psychiatric literature. Conclusion: It is preferable to organize psychotherapy treatment selection around ...
Bergstrom Kendra Gail - - 2011
News, Views and Reviews provides focused updates, topic reviews and editorials concerning the latest developments in dermatologic therapy.
Fell Dennis W - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to identify (1) core journals in the literature of physical therapy, (2) currency of references cited in that literature, and (3) online databases providing the highest coverage rate of core journals. Data for each cited reference in each article of four source journals for ...
Nevoux Pierre - - 2011
To review the role of varicocele repair in the treatment of male infertility. Since the advent of technologies bypassing boundaries of natural selection, this question may seem outdated. Over the past 20 years, fertility has decreased, and testicular damage (cryptorchidism, tumors) has increased. Thus the exploration of the infertile male ...
Shapiro Stanley - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Topical retinoids have been in clinical use for the treatment of chronic skin conditions, including acne, photodamage, and psoriasis, for 30 years. OBJECTIVE: A systematic literature review was conducted to assess the incidence of noncutaneous adverse events (AE) among patients treated with topical retinoids with a focus on topical ...
Mineyko Aleksandra - - 2011
Hyperekplexia is a rare disorder caused by autosomal dominant or recessive modes of inheritance and characterized by episodes of exaggerated startle. Five causative genes have been identified to date. The syndrome has been recognized for decades and due to its rarity, the literature contains mostly descriptive reports, many early studies ...
Marshall Julie - - 2011
Background: Systematic reviews are increasingly being carried out in speech-and-language therapy and are used by practitioners, service commissioners, policy-makers and researchers to inform decision-making, as the body of evidence available about speech-and-language therapy grows. Although systematic reviewing is developing to incorporate new methods of review and synthesis, there are currently ...
Rachel J R - - 2011
Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is a rare distinct histologic variant of squamous - cell carcinoma of the head and neck region. BSCC is more aggressive and has a poorer prognosis, although histologically, it is associated with squamous cell carcinoma and squamous atypia. The usual site of occurrence for BSCC ...
Pau D - - 2011
The aim of this study is to provide a clinical update on optic neuritis (ON), its association with multiple sclerosis (MS), and neuromyelitis optica (NMO). This study included a PubMed review of the literature written in the English language. ON in adults is typically idiopathic or demyelinating, and is characterised ...
Ernst Edzard - - 2011
Abstract Background: Several systematic reviews of acupuncture as a treatment of insomnia have recently emerged. Their results are far from uniform. Aim: To summarize and critically evaluate these reviews with a view of defining the reasons for their discrepant conclusions and providing an overall verdict about the therapeutic value of ...
Trautinger Franz - - 2011
Background/purpose: Among the primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas, mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common disease entity. Recently, an improved understanding of the pathology, clinical presentation, and prognosis of MF has lead to the development of new and practically useful classification and staging systems. In most patients, MF presents with patches ...
Chan Jenny Sau-Lai - - 2011
Persons with intellectual disabilities record a higher incidence of challenging behaviours than the general population. Massage therapy has frequently been applied to such persons to induce relaxation. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of massage therapy on relaxation and reduction of challenging behaviours. A literature search ...
Grover S - - 2011
Delirium is characterized by disturbances of consciousness, attention, cognition, perception, emotions, sleep, and psychomotor activity. Management of delirium involves ensuring safety, improving functioning, identifying and treating the illness underlying the delirium, and use of antipsychotics or benzodiazepines to control behavioural symptoms and prevent mortality. Haloperidol continues to be the most ...
Sood A - - 2011
The ectopic thyroid gland is a rare entity which is mostly found along the line of descent of the thyroid gland. Most of the patients present with midline swelling and usually seek medical attention. Dual ectopic thyroid gland is even rarer. The clinical examination and different imaging modalities establish its ...
Tekçe Ay┼če Yasemin Tezer - - 2011
Abstract Background: Mediastinitis due to Acinetobacter baumannii is rare. Methods: We report a case of mediastinitis caused by pan-resistant A. baumannii in a patient with multiple comorbidities who underwent cardiopulmonary bypass and we also present a literature review. Results: Successful treatment consisted of surgical debridement plus drainage, and tigecycline administration ...
Curtis Ashley R - - 2011
Central neuropathic itch can be a lifelong debilitating condition and treatment challenge. We report a patient with a traumatic brain injury with severe intractable pruritus who failed extensive pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment but responded to a holistic approach using healing touch. We discuss the complexity of this type of neuropathic ...
Carlton J - - 2011
Amblyopia is a common condition, which can affect up to 5% of the general population. Health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) implications of amblyopia and/or its treatment have been explored in the literature. A systematic literature search was undertaken during the period of 7-14 May 2010 to identify the HRQoL implications of amblyopia ...
Tierney Emily P - - 2011
Fractional photothermolysis has been reported in the literature to improve both the pigmentary and textural changes associated with photoaging. The objective of the study was to review the literature of non-ablative fractional laser (NAFL) and ablative fractional laser (AFL) resurfacing for the treatment of photoaging. This is a review of ...
Matsuki Eri - - 2011
Adult onset Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disorder. Its clinical features have been well described in children, however remain poorly defined in adults. Optimal treatment strategy is still under debate. We have encountered two cases of adult onset LCH, which obtained a durable disease control by combination chemotherapy ...
Shih H-W - - 2011
Chemical pleurodesis is an effective treatment for persistent air leakage and secondary pneumothorax. We report the case of a 57-year-old man who presented with pneumothorax and was treated by tube thoracostomy. Because of malpositioning of the chest tube, the minocycline that was administered for pleurodesis was injected into the lung ...
Lulsegged Abbi - - 2011
Objectives. To describe 2 cases of thyrotoxic periodic paralysis. Methods. We report of 2 cases of thyrotoxic periodic paralysis in 2 individuals from 2 different backgrounds with emphasis on their presentation and treatment. We also conducted a literature search to put together an update review of thyrotoxic periodic paralysis. Results. ...
Perkins A - - 2011
The present article is a case report of a 16-year-old boy who presented with a benign bony tumour, which on histological analysis suggested giant cell reparative granuloma (GCRG), but was not corroborate by blood tests. The implications of this type of tumour and the correct diagnostic requirements were investigated. The ...
Beer Kenneth - - 2010
Chromhidrosis is a rare but troubling syndrome whose cardinal feature is the appearance of colored sweat. In some instances, this may be associated with the use of drugs or ingested materials [Dermatology vol. 199 (1999) 149-52] but in others it is idiopathic. Irrespective of the etiology, the appearance of colored ...
Smith G Denice - - 2010
Gastrointestinal (GI) tract cytology has high specificity but poor sensitivity for detecting GI tract cancer. Newer methods of slide preparation may improve cytology performance and additionally permit molecular slide-based assays that could improve diagnostic accuracy. A split-sample validation study compared slides prepared using ThinPrep UroCyte filters or a cytocentrifuge method ...
McHugh R Kathryn - - 2010
Replies to comments on Do haphazard reviews provide sound directions for dissemination efforts? (see record 2010-24768-012) by Eileen Gambrill and Julia H. Littell on the current authors' article The dissemination and implementation of evidence-based psychological treatments: A review of current efforts (see record 2010-02208-010) by Kathryn R. McHugh and David ...
Moss E L - - 2010
To investigate the diagnosis, review and management of women identified as having a cytology/histology discrepancy. A review of all patients diagnosed with a discrepancy between referral smear and cervical histology was performed between January 2003 and December 2004. Cases were followed for a minimum of 4 years and patient management ...
Miners Andrew L - - 2010
A literature search and narrative review was carried out with the intent of determining the current level of knowledge regarding the chiropractic treatment of athletes for the purpose of sport performance enhancement. Of the fifty-nine relevant articles retrieved, only 7 articles of variable quality were obtained which specifically investigated/discussed chiropractic ...
Burnley C - - 2010
Reporting rates for glandular neoplasia in 464,754 cervical samples reported at six laboratories in 12-month periods before and after the implementation of Surepath™ LBC processing are compared. The introduction of LBC processing is seen to have resulted in a significant (P = 0.001) increase in the detection rate for endocervical ...
Silverman Jan F - - 2010
This article reviews recent trends in nongyn cytology with an emphasis on error reduction, second opinion, and critical diagnosis. Compared with the surgical pathology literature, there is only a limited number of reports addressing these topics in nongyn cytology. Discussion of the error literature in nongyn cytology is presented with ...
Mitchell Meghan B - - 2011
There is lack of consensus on the best method of functional assessment, and there is a paucity of studies on daily functioning in centenarians. We sought to compare associations between performance-based, self-report, and proxy report of functional status in centenarians. We expected the strongest relationships between proxy reports and observed ...
Strahan Rodney H - - 2010
Despite the frequent introduction of voice recognition (VR) into radiology departments, little evidence still exists about its impact on workflow, error rates and costs. We designed a study to compare typographical errors, turnaround times (TAT) from reported to verified and productivity for VR-generated reports versus transcriptionist-generated reports in MRI. Fifty ...
Ogburn Tony - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine if breastfeeding information in obstetrics/gynecology textbooks is complete, current, and evidence-based. Five general obstetrics/gynecology textbooks were reviewed to assess 22 basic breastfeeding facts. Five reviewers reviewed each text to determine the number of items presented, the number omitted, and the accuracy of ...
Hettinga Agatha M - - 2010
Research on objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) is extensive. However, relatively little has been written on the development of case-specific checklists on history taking and physical examination. Background information on the development of these checklists is a key element of the assessment of their content validity. Usually, expert panels are ...
Raza Sughra - - 2010
The Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) lexicon for ultrasonography (US) is based on the established lexicon used successfully in mammography and attempts to provide a common language to avoid ambiguity in interpreting, reporting, and teaching breast US. Proper and consistent use of the BI-RADS US lexicon has numerous ...
Breitbart Seth Ilias - - 2010
Acquired Angioedema (AAE) is a rare condition classified into two subtypes: Type I, which is associated with lymphoproliferative disorders, and Type II, which is linked with autoantibodies against C1-esterase inhibitor (C1-INH). Unlike Type I AAE, Type II has no correlation with lymphoproliferative disorders. We report the evaluation of angioedema that ...
Dechartres Agnes - - 2011
Many reviews specifically aimed to assess the quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We evaluated the quality of reporting in such reviews. PubMed and the Cochrane library were searched for all reviews assessing the quality of RCTs between 1987 and 2007, and experts in the field were also contacted. We ...
Smith Meredith - - 2010
AIM: To determine concurrent validity of self-reported misuse of prescription opioids. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in five U.S. methadone maintenance programs. PARTICIPANTS: 92 addicts. MEASUREMENTS: Self-reported questionnaire assessing past-month misuse of 14 opioid analgesics, and color photographs of five opioid analgesics with instructions to mark those used in the ...
Palmer J E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: In 2004 the NHS Cervical Screening Programme (NHSCSP) recommended that multidisciplinary meetings should be incorporated into patient management. No data has been provided since then regarding its functionality or benefits. We aim to address this issue. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Jessop Wing colposcopy multidisciplinary meeting (MDM), Sheffield, UK. POPULATION: ...
Manrique E J C - - 2011
E. J. C. Manrique, N. L. A. Souza, S. B. N. Tavares, Z. B. P. Albuquerque, L. C. Zeferino and R. G. Amaral Analysis of the performance of 100% rapid review using an average time of 1 and 2 minutes according to the quality of cervical cytology specimens Objectives:  To ...
Cervantes Carlos M - - 2010
This review examined the literature on physical activity measurement among individuals with disabilities utilizing Yun and Ulrich's (2002) view on measurement validity. Specific inclusion criteria were identified. The search produced 115 articles; however, only 28 met all specified criteria. Findings revealed that self-reports and accelerometers were the most common approaches ...
Lagrèze Wolf A - - 2010
Comprehensive, systematic reviews on the benefit of vision screening in preschool children were published in 2008 by major national organizations in both Germany and the United Kingdom. These reviews raised public interest in the topic. This article contains a discussion of the sensitivity, specificity, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness of preschool vision ...
Bain Tyson M - - 2010
Self-report measures have been validated and are widely used. Interest currently lies in the development of simple, valid methods that can be used in any location to determine level of PA in large populations/samples. The purpose of this report is to illustrate tracking of physical activity behaviors and musculoskeletal injury ...
Palmer Lena B - - 2010
Quality endoscopy reporting is essential when community endoscopists perform colonoscopies for veterans who cannot be scheduled at a Veterans Administration (VA) facility. To examine the quality of colonoscopy reports received from community practices and to determine factors associated with more complete reporting, by using national documentation guidelines. Cross-sectional analysis. Reports ...
Owens Scott R - - 2010
We describe the development and testing of a novel pre-sign-out quality assurance tool for case diagnoses that allows for the random review of a percentage of cases by a second pathologist before case verification and release of the final report. The tool incorporates the ability to record and report levels ...
Hutchinson A - - 2010
To determine which of the two methods of case note review provide the most useful and reliable information for reviewing quality of care. Retrospective, multiple reviews of 692 case notes were undertaken using both holistic (implicit) and criterion-based (explicit) review methods. Quality measures were evidence-based review criteria and a quality ...
Chandra Sonal - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although the use of facilitated reporting to generate echocardiographic reports has many advantages over traditional dictation and transcription, it is not perfect, because physicians can still select finding codes that are in conflict with each other. METHODS: The investigators developed a tool allowing the creation of combinations of finding ...
Chen Eleanor Y - - 2010
An accurate assessment of 'progression' from a low (LSIL) to high (HSIL) grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)2 or CIN3) of the cervix is critical to ascertaining HSIL outcome risk, the value of predictive biomarkers, and the need for excisional therapy. We obtained biopsy outcome data on a ...
Collier S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: An external quality assessment (EQA) scheme for parasite serology was introduced in April 2005 as a tool to measure how well laboratories were performing in parasite serodiagnosis. AIM AND METHODS: To review the scheme design and performance from its beginning until January 2008. RESULTS: The numbers of participating laboratories ...
Scialfa Charles - - 2010
The Roadwise Review has been reported to provide an effective means of self-assessing and predicting driving difficulties in older adults. We administered it to 73 community-dwelling older drivers (M = 73 years) and also gathered data on self-reported driving difficulties, 2-year retrospective collisions, and moving violations. The acuity tests and ...
Sellari-Franceschini S - - 2010
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare benign condition of unknown origin, which was first described in 1969. By histopathology, the disease is composed of sinusoidal lymph node hyperplasia and abundant histiocytes with haemophagocytosis, particularly lymphocytes. It commonly affects lymph nodes, and rarely has an exclusively extra-nodal clinical presentation. Among the ...
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