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Results 251 - 300 of 879
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Gubran Christopher - - 2012
Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is a rare metabolic disorder characterised by muscular weakness and paralysis in predisposed thyrotoxic patients. Although patients with TPP are almost uniformly men of Asian descent, cases have been reported in Caucasian and other ethnic populations. The rapid increase in ethnic diversity in Western and European ...
Diop Madoky Magatte - - 2012
Pernicious anemia appears classically by macrocytosis. We report a case of a late discovered Biermer disease, on a 42-year-old young black woman. The reason was an unusual aspect of this disease in a context of betathalassemia. The patient presented chronic anemia which evolved during about ten year. Biology showed a ...
Cheraghvandi Ali - - 2012
Chronic granulomatous disease is a rare phagocytic disorder with recurrent, severe bacterial and fungal infections. We describe an unusual case of chronic granulomatous disease manifesting as an invasive pulmonary aspergillosis with an obstructive necrotic mass at the right middle bronchus. The patient was successfully treated with a bronchoscopic intervention for ...
Papanicolau-Sengos Antonios - - 2012
We present a case of a 70-year-old HIV negative man with a five-year history of progressive dysnomia and new onset right extremity numbness, dysarthria, and blurry vision. On magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), an infiltrative enhancing tumor was noted. Follow up brain biopsy results revealed a small lymphocytic infiltrate with scattered ...
Giancotti A - - 2012
Fetal mediastinal masses are rare congenital formations that could complicate pregnancy. They are usually discovered as space occupying lesions in the fetal chest during routine ultrasound scan. The most important prognostic factors of mediastinal masses are mass location, compressing effect causing pulmonary hypoplasia and/or heart failure, and the presence or ...
Zerhouni S S University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2012
Acute appendicitis is a frequent pathology encountered by general surgeons. On the differential of aetiologies that can lead to this diagnosis lies the spectrum of infectious disease. We present a case report of a patient who presented to our institution as a classic acute appendicitis. Upon histological analysis it became ...
Saratziotis Athanasios - - 2012
We report the case of a 19-year-old woman with a history of Hashimoto's thyroiditis who presented with tender right anterior cervical lymphadenopathy and fever. Workup for infectious, autoimmune, and malignant causes was unremarkable. Surgical removal of cervical lymph nodes after detailed magnetic resonance (MR) imaging disclosed necrotizing lymphadenitis, also known ...
Bennett Derrick A - - 2012
Setting priorities for the prevention and management of heart failure requires an empirical understanding of the pattern of disease burden. We aim to describe the methods for a systematic review of the literature on burden of heart failure in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) and how this information will ...
Fowell C C Shrewsbury & Telford Hospitals NHS Trust, Shrewsbury, - - 2012
Sialolithasis is the most common salivary gland disease. A case of an unusually large sialolith arising in the submandibular gland is presented, along with a review of the management of giant salivary gland calculi.
Kim Jae Jun - - 2011
Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) is a necrotizing vasculitis involving the small vessels without granulomatous inflammation. Most MPA initially presents with renal involvement without pulmonary involvement. Isolated and initially presenting alveolar hemorrhage is very rare. The patient was a 39-year-old female with a progressive cough, dyspnea, and blood-tinged sputum for the previous ...
Dutta Sirshak S Department of Otolaryngology, R.G. Kar Medical College & Hospital, 1, Khudiram Bose Sarani, Kolkata, 700004 West-Bengal India ; 3/1, Bose Para Lane, Hooghly, Baidyabati, 712222 - - 2014
Forestier disease or diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is an uncommon cause of dysphagia. Due to rarity of this condition there is neither any demographic data nor any consensus about the investigation and treatment modalities. Here an effort is made in the present article to compile the information regarding the ...
Hendron David - - 2011
We report a case that involves the use of intravenous lipid emulsion as an antidote for a drug overdose involving a 20-month-old girl who had ingested a potentially lethal amount of the tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) dothiepin. The patient's condition continued to deteriorate despite implementation of standard pediatric treatment recommendations for ...
Farinde Abimbola - - 2011
The use of topiramate therapy to control the neuropsychiatric and behavioral disturbances in individuals with mental and/or developmental disabilities with co-occurring psychiatric disturbances has become a standard of practice in many long-term care assisted living facilities. With increased utilization of this anticonvulsant, there has been a rise in the number ...
Utreja Ashok - - 2011
Solitary median maxillary central incisor (SMMCI) is a rare dental anomaly. It is estimated to occur in 1:50,000 live births. The SMMCI tooth differs from the normal central incisor in that the crown form is symmetric and it develops and erupts precisely in the midline of the maxillary dental arch ...
Sims Alex L AL The James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, - - 2011
Osteopetrosis is a rare inherited disorder of bone causing increased bone density. Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD), by contrast, is a more common idiopathic condition leading to variable avascular necrosis of the immature femoral head. We present a case of a 5-year-old boy presenting with these co-morbidities. We have found only one ...
Chiang Chih-Lin - - 2011
It has been reported that electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may increase the likelihood of delayed neuropsychiatric sequelae (DNS) after carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. We present a suicidal patient of CO intoxication, who received ECT safely and effectively 5 weeks after CO exposure and review the previously reported ECT-related DNS cases and ...
Larbcharoensub Noppadol - - 2011
Laryngeal sarcocystosis is an uncommon zoonotic coccidian protozoal infestation of human beings. The authors reviewed the pathology of 1,063 laryngeal biopsies over the past 10 years (2000 to 2009). Only one case of laryngeal sarcocystosis accompanying laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma was identified. The overall prevalence of laryngeal sarcocystosis was 0.094%. ...
Restifo Sam S North Metropolitan Area Mental Health Service, Shenton Park, WA, Australia. - - 2011
The purpose of this paper is to outline a basic approach to psychotherapy treatment selection, with an emphasis on the role of contextual factors. Observations and suggestions are based on clinical work and reading of the psychiatric literature. It is preferable to organize psychotherapy treatment selection around a consideration of ...
Bergstrom Kendra Gail - - 2011
News, Views and Reviews provides focused updates, topic reviews and editorials concerning the latest developments in dermatologic therapy.
Fell Dennis W - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to identify (1) core journals in the literature of physical therapy, (2) currency of references cited in that literature, and (3) online databases providing the highest coverage rate of core journals. Data for each cited reference in each article of four source journals for ...
Nevoux Pierre - - 2011
To review the role of varicocele repair in the treatment of male infertility. Since the advent of technologies bypassing boundaries of natural selection, this question may seem outdated. Over the past 20 years, fertility has decreased, and testicular damage (cryptorchidism, tumors) has increased. Thus the exploration of the infertile male ...
Shapiro Stanley - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Topical retinoids have been in clinical use for the treatment of chronic skin conditions, including acne, photodamage, and psoriasis, for 30 years. OBJECTIVE: A systematic literature review was conducted to assess the incidence of noncutaneous adverse events (AE) among patients treated with topical retinoids with a focus on topical ...
Mineyko Aleksandra - - 2011
Hyperekplexia is a rare disorder caused by autosomal dominant or recessive modes of inheritance and characterized by episodes of exaggerated startle. Five causative genes have been identified to date. The syndrome has been recognized for decades and due to its rarity, the literature contains mostly descriptive reports, many early studies ...
Marshall Julie - - 2011
Background: Systematic reviews are increasingly being carried out in speech-and-language therapy and are used by practitioners, service commissioners, policy-makers and researchers to inform decision-making, as the body of evidence available about speech-and-language therapy grows. Although systematic reviewing is developing to incorporate new methods of review and synthesis, there are currently ...
Rachel J R - - 2011
Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is a rare distinct histologic variant of squamous - cell carcinoma of the head and neck region. BSCC is more aggressive and has a poorer prognosis, although histologically, it is associated with squamous cell carcinoma and squamous atypia. The usual site of occurrence for BSCC ...
Pau D - - 2011
The aim of this study is to provide a clinical update on optic neuritis (ON), its association with multiple sclerosis (MS), and neuromyelitis optica (NMO). This study included a PubMed review of the literature written in the English language. ON in adults is typically idiopathic or demyelinating, and is characterised ...
Ernst Edzard - - 2011
Abstract Background: Several systematic reviews of acupuncture as a treatment of insomnia have recently emerged. Their results are far from uniform. Aim: To summarize and critically evaluate these reviews with a view of defining the reasons for their discrepant conclusions and providing an overall verdict about the therapeutic value of ...
Trautinger Franz - - 2011
Background/purpose: Among the primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas, mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common disease entity. Recently, an improved understanding of the pathology, clinical presentation, and prognosis of MF has lead to the development of new and practically useful classification and staging systems. In most patients, MF presents with patches ...
Chan Jenny Sau-Lai - - 2011
Persons with intellectual disabilities record a higher incidence of challenging behaviours than the general population. Massage therapy has frequently been applied to such persons to induce relaxation. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of massage therapy on relaxation and reduction of challenging behaviours. A literature search ...
Sood A - - 2011
The ectopic thyroid gland is a rare entity which is mostly found along the line of descent of the thyroid gland. Most of the patients present with midline swelling and usually seek medical attention. Dual ectopic thyroid gland is even rarer. The clinical examination and different imaging modalities establish its ...
Grover S - - 2011
Delirium is characterized by disturbances of consciousness, attention, cognition, perception, emotions, sleep, and psychomotor activity. Management of delirium involves ensuring safety, improving functioning, identifying and treating the illness underlying the delirium, and use of antipsychotics or benzodiazepines to control behavioural symptoms and prevent mortality. Haloperidol continues to be the most ...
Tekçe Ay┼če Yasemin Tezer - - 2011
Abstract Background: Mediastinitis due to Acinetobacter baumannii is rare. Methods: We report a case of mediastinitis caused by pan-resistant A. baumannii in a patient with multiple comorbidities who underwent cardiopulmonary bypass and we also present a literature review. Results: Successful treatment consisted of surgical debridement plus drainage, and tigecycline administration ...
Curtis Ashley R - - 2011
Central neuropathic itch can be a lifelong debilitating condition and treatment challenge. We report a patient with a traumatic brain injury with severe intractable pruritus who failed extensive pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment but responded to a holistic approach using healing touch. We discuss the complexity of this type of neuropathic ...
Carlton J - - 2011
Amblyopia is a common condition, which can affect up to 5% of the general population. Health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) implications of amblyopia and/or its treatment have been explored in the literature. A systematic literature search was undertaken during the period of 7-14 May 2010 to identify the HRQoL implications of amblyopia ...
Matsuki Eri - - 2011
Adult onset Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disorder. Its clinical features have been well described in children, however remain poorly defined in adults. Optimal treatment strategy is still under debate. We have encountered two cases of adult onset LCH, which obtained a durable disease control by combination chemotherapy ...
Perkins A - - 2011
The present article is a case report of a 16-year-old boy who presented with a benign bony tumour, which on histological analysis suggested giant cell reparative granuloma (GCRG), but was not corroborate by blood tests. The implications of this type of tumour and the correct diagnostic requirements were investigated. The ...
Tierney Emily P - - 2011
Fractional photothermolysis has been reported in the literature to improve both the pigmentary and textural changes associated with photoaging. The objective of the study was to review the literature of non-ablative fractional laser (NAFL) and ablative fractional laser (AFL) resurfacing for the treatment of photoaging. This is a review of ...
Lulsegged Abbi - - 2011
Objectives. To describe 2 cases of thyrotoxic periodic paralysis. Methods. We report of 2 cases of thyrotoxic periodic paralysis in 2 individuals from 2 different backgrounds with emphasis on their presentation and treatment. We also conducted a literature search to put together an update review of thyrotoxic periodic paralysis. Results. ...
Shih H-W - - 2011
Chemical pleurodesis is an effective treatment for persistent air leakage and secondary pneumothorax. We report the case of a 57-year-old man who presented with pneumothorax and was treated by tube thoracostomy. Because of malpositioning of the chest tube, the minocycline that was administered for pleurodesis was injected into the lung ...
Moss E L - - 2010
To investigate the diagnosis, review and management of women identified as having a cytology/histology discrepancy. A review of all patients diagnosed with a discrepancy between referral smear and cervical histology was performed between January 2003 and December 2004. Cases were followed for a minimum of 4 years and patient management ...
Miners Andrew L - - 2010
A literature search and narrative review was carried out with the intent of determining the current level of knowledge regarding the chiropractic treatment of athletes for the purpose of sport performance enhancement. Of the fifty-nine relevant articles retrieved, only 7 articles of variable quality were obtained which specifically investigated/discussed chiropractic ...
McHugh R Kathryn - - 2010
Replies to comments on Do haphazard reviews provide sound directions for dissemination efforts? (see record 2010-24768-012) by Eileen Gambrill and Julia H. Littell on the current authors' article The dissemination and implementation of evidence-based psychological treatments: A review of current efforts (see record 2010-02208-010) by Kathryn R. McHugh and David ...
Smith G Denice - - 2010
Gastrointestinal (GI) tract cytology has high specificity but poor sensitivity for detecting GI tract cancer. Newer methods of slide preparation may improve cytology performance and additionally permit molecular slide-based assays that could improve diagnostic accuracy. A split-sample validation study compared slides prepared using ThinPrep UroCyte filters or a cytocentrifuge method ...
Beer Kenneth - - 2010
Chromhidrosis is a rare but troubling syndrome whose cardinal feature is the appearance of colored sweat. In some instances, this may be associated with the use of drugs or ingested materials [Dermatology vol. 199 (1999) 149-52] but in others it is idiopathic. Irrespective of the etiology, the appearance of colored ...
Burnley C - - 2010
Reporting rates for glandular neoplasia in 464,754 cervical samples reported at six laboratories in 12-month periods before and after the implementation of Surepath™ LBC processing are compared. The introduction of LBC processing is seen to have resulted in a significant (P = 0.001) increase in the detection rate for endocervical ...
Silverman Jan F - - 2010
This article reviews recent trends in nongyn cytology with an emphasis on error reduction, second opinion, and critical diagnosis. Compared with the surgical pathology literature, there is only a limited number of reports addressing these topics in nongyn cytology. Discussion of the error literature in nongyn cytology is presented with ...
Mitchell Meghan B - - 2011
There is lack of consensus on the best method of functional assessment, and there is a paucity of studies on daily functioning in centenarians. We sought to compare associations between performance-based, self-report, and proxy report of functional status in centenarians. We expected the strongest relationships between proxy reports and observed ...
Strahan Rodney H - - 2010
Despite the frequent introduction of voice recognition (VR) into radiology departments, little evidence still exists about its impact on workflow, error rates and costs. We designed a study to compare typographical errors, turnaround times (TAT) from reported to verified and productivity for VR-generated reports versus transcriptionist-generated reports in MRI. Fifty ...
Ogburn Tony - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine if breastfeeding information in obstetrics/gynecology textbooks is complete, current, and evidence-based. Five general obstetrics/gynecology textbooks were reviewed to assess 22 basic breastfeeding facts. Five reviewers reviewed each text to determine the number of items presented, the number omitted, and the accuracy of ...
Hettinga Agatha M - - 2010
Research on objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) is extensive. However, relatively little has been written on the development of case-specific checklists on history taking and physical examination. Background information on the development of these checklists is a key element of the assessment of their content validity. Usually, expert panels are ...
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