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Sim Yirong - - 2013
Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma (MTC) is the most common cause of death in MEN patients. It is curative by prophylactic total thyroidectomy, but controversies remain as to the optimal timing for prophylactic thyroidectomy. The current recommendation is for prophylactic total thyroidectomy before age 5, but a recent study suggested that in ...
Verde Franco - - 2013
Congenital absence of the pericardium is a rare entity, with less than 400 cases reported in the literature. Pericardial absence is typically left sided, which results in herniation of the great vessels or portions of the heart. Patients may be asymptomatic, typical for complete defects, or can present with various ...
Macnab Magnus - - 2013
Background:Lichen myxedematosus (LM) is a rare idiopathic disorder characterized by papules, plaques, and/or nodules in the skin secondary to mucin deposition and variable dermal fibrosis in the absence of thyroid disease. Case reports are the predominant literature on LM due to its rarity, and the data are limited regarding the ...
Alavi Samin - - 2013
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology and a leading cause of acquired heart disease. It is assumed that there is an activation of the immune system by an infectious trigger in a genetically susceptible host. Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial solid tumor in young children. ...
Liu Jun-Jian - - 2013
Telangiectatic osteosarcoma is a rare variant of osteosarcoma and hence its occurrence, presentation, and prognosis are poorly understood. With advancements in technology and available treatment options, the scenario of its diagnosis, management, and outcome has changed. Chemotherapy with surgery was challenged previously, but has now been proved to be beneficial. ...
De Paola Mariele - - 2013
We report a 60-year-old Caucasian female with a 2-year history of diffused granuloma annulare (GA), who presented for the simultaneous occurrence of genital lichen sclerosus (LS) and autoimmune thyroiditis (AT). In our opinion this combination is not just coincidental but may share similar immunopathological mechanisms.
Kesieme Emeka B - - 2013
Haemoptysis is rarely reported following coitus, and cardiac decompensation has been mostly implicated in the aetiology. We present a 53-year-old Nigerian, known hypertensive diabetic woman with background ischaemic heart disease who presented with postcoital haemoptysis of one-year duration. Echocardiography revealed combined ischaemic and mitral valvular heart disease, probably of rheumatic ...
Leite Ronaldo Antônio - - 2013
The objective of this study was to review the most recent studies from the last 15 years, in search of clinical studies that report the relationship between TMD and orthodontic treatment and/or malocclusion. Our intention was to determine whether orthodontic treatment would increase the incidence of signs and symptoms of ...
Vila Duckworth Lizette - - 2013
Intrathyroidal parathyroid carcinoma is an exceedingly rare cause of primary hyperparathyroidism. A 51-year-old African American female presented with goiter, hyperparathyroidism, and symptomatic hypercalcemia. Sestamibi scan revealed diffuse activity within an enlarged thyroid gland with uptake in the right thyroid lobe suggestive of hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue. The patient underwent thyroidectomy and ...
Dziadkiewicz A - - 2013
Hemiparkinsonism-hemiatrophy (HPHA) is a rare neurological syndrome. The main clinical features of HPHA consist of atrophy of one side of the body (face, trunk, limbs), ipsilateral hemiparkinsonism (bradykinesia, rigidity, tremor) and in many cases dystonia. There are no data on prevalence of HPHA as the condition is rare. The mean ...
Pillai Suresh - - 2013
We report the case of a middle-aged hypothyroid woman presenting with a neck swelling, voice change and breathing difficulty. On evaluation, she was diagnosed to have goitre with retrosternal extension. The mass was surgically excised and a histopathological report of ancient schwannoma was obtained. A review of literature on schwannomas ...
Kaidar-Person O - - 2013
Signet-ring cell adenocarcinoma is a rare subtype of the uterine cervix; thus there are no guidelines and the prognosis is unknown. There seems to be a significant role for reporting the treatment and outcome of this rare disease in order to establish guidelines and to assist in decision-making. However, treatment ...
Porfyris Orestis - - 2013
We report a case of prostatic abscess in a 52 year old male with a history of diabetes mellitus. The abscess was treated successfully with surgical drainage by transurethral unroofing of the cavity of the abscess. The use of transrectal ultrasound is valuable in the diagnosis, treatment and follow up ...
Guimarães Eduardo Pereira - - 2013
In the past, osteomyelitis was frequent and characterized by a prolonged course, treatment response uncertainty, and occasional disfigurement. Today, the disease is less common; it is believed that the decline in prevalence may be attributed to increased availability of antibiotics and improvement of overall health patterns. Currently, more common osteomyelitis ...
Naji Peyman P Department of Internal Medicine, Dayton Veterans Affair Medical Center, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, 4100 West Third Street, Dayton, OH 45428, - - 2013
Graves' disease (GD) is associated with various hematologic abnormalities but pancytopenia and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) are reported very rarely. Herein, we report a patient with GD who had both of these rare complications at different time intervals, along with a review of the related literature. The patient was a ...
Guerra Rosa R Department of Surgery, School of Medicine at Amarillo, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 1400 S Coulter Street, Amarillo, TX 79106, - - 2013
Extramammary Paget's Disease (EMPD) is a rare condition of the skin that often involves the vulva, perianal region, scrotum, penis, and axilla. Although prognosis is generally favorable, it can be associated with neoplasms of the bladder, urethra, prostate, and rectum. This report presents a case of scrotal EMPD that failed ...
D'Arena Giovanni G Onco-Hematology and Stem Cell Transplantation Unit, IRCCS "Centro di Riferimento Oncologico della Basilicata", Rionero in Vulture (Pz), - - 2013
Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a rare but severe necrotizing fasciitis of the external genitalia that may complicate the clinical course of hematologic malignancies and sometimes may be the first sign of the disease. The clinical course of FG is very aggressive and the mortality is still high despite the improvement ...
Wong Kai-Pun KP Division of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam Road, Hong - - 2013
Successful thermal ablation using radiofrequency has been reported in various tumors including liver or kidney tumors. Nonsurgical minimally invasive ablative therapy such as radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been reported to be a safe and efficient treatment option in managing symptomatic cold thyroid nodules or hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules. Pressure and cosmetic ...
Gao Shan S Intensive Care Unit, Shanghai First People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 650 Xinsongjiang Road, Shanghai 201620, China. - - 2013
Takayasu arteritis is a relatively rare type of large-vessel arteritis that primarily affects the aorta and its major branches, the coronary arteries, and the pulmonary arteries. Depending on the different groups of blood vessels involved in the disease process, the clinical presentation of Takayasu arteritis varies. Here we report a ...
Garibyan Vartan V Scripps Mercy Hospital, Graduate Medical Education, San Diego, CA, - - 2013
Male, 50 FINAL DIAGNOSIS: Bivalvular endocarditis due to Granulicatella adiacens Symptoms: Fever • fatigue - Clinical Procedure: Echocardiogram • valve replacement surgery Specialty: Infectious Diseases. Rare disease. Infective endocarditis remains a prominent cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It has been estimated that 50% of cases are caused by streptococcal ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Kleeblattschädel (cloverleaf) skull is a very uncommon form of pansynostosis. Some cases are associated with syndromes, but often, this skull deformity is seen in isolation. To date, a comprehensive review of this topic is not available in the medical literature. CONCLUSIONS: Herein, we review the history, associations, diagnosis, treatment, ...
Giardina Andrea Susan - - 2012
To present a novel case of pupillary involvement in ocular neuromyotonia (ONM), a rare ocular syndrome that causes intermittent diplopia because of an abnormal delay in extraocular muscle relaxation and to conduct a literature review. A case report is presented to demonstrate clinical characteristics and treatment of ONM. In addition, ...
Farhadi Roya - - 2012
Congenital midline cervical cleft (CMCC) is a rare developmental anomaly of the anterior neck, mostly found in Caucasian females. Most authors consider it within the spectrum of branchial arch developmental abnormalities. There have been about 100 reported cases in the literature. However, there is no agreement on the age of ...
Garg Vikas - - 2012
Diffuse Nodular Lymphoid Hyperplasia (DNLH) of the intestine is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder of uncertain etiology, which is characterized by the presence of multiple nodular lesions. It can present as an asymptomatic disease or manifest with gastrointestinal symptoms like abdominal pain, chronic diarrhea, occult bleeding or rarely intestinal obstruction. DNLH ...
Haunson G Trey - - 2012
We report the case of a patient with livedoid vasculopathy that had been undiagnosed and inadequately treated for more than 10 years. To improve disease recognition and management, we review the pathogenesis, typical clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, and treatment options for livedoid vasculopathy.
Rotareasa Monica - - 2012
We report a case of mitral valve prolapse associated with infective endocarditis and heart failure, which required surgical intervention. Mitral valve repair was successfully performed and resulted in complete recovery of the patient.
Céspedes Camila - - 2012
Thyroid abscess is rare in children but the presence of previous thyroid disease, and congenital remanants such as a pyriform sinus fistula, are predisposing factors. The classical presentation consists of fever, cervical pain and a painful mass. The diagnosis is confirmed through clinical findings, and by diagnostic imaging (ultrasound and ...
Kim Young-Ha - - 2012
Necrotizing sialometaplasia of the parotid gland is infrequent and can be mistaken as a malignant disease. Its etiology is thought to be an insufficient blood supply. Bilateral involvement of this disease in parotid glands has been rarely reported in the English literature. We report a case of necrotizing sialometaplasia diagnosed ...
Oldham Gregory W - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To report a case of Lyme disease presenting as unilateral posterior stromal keratitis in a pediatric patient. METHODS:: Case report and review of available literature. RESULTS:: A 13-year-old adolescent with unilateral painless blurry vision presented with prominent posterior corneal stromal haze. A positive Borrelia burgdorferi antibody enzyme immunoassay and ...
Davidson Autumn P - - 2012
Reproductive causes of hypocalcemia include puerperal tetany (eclampsia) and mild hypocalcemia during whelping. This article reviews the pathophysiology, signalment, clinical signs, and treatment of eclampsia in the bitch and queen. The second part of the article focuses on the consequences and treatment of hypocalcemia prior to and during whelping in ...
Carranza-Tamayo César Omar - - 2012
Lyme disease is an underdiagnosed zoonosis in Brazil. There are no cases registered in the state of Tocantins, the newest Brazilian state. The cases of three patients in contact with rural areas in three Tocantins' districts are herein described, and the Brazilian literature is reviewed.
Utor Diego Alejandro - - 2012
Mammary duct-associated inflammatory disease sequence (MDAIDS) is a common pathology in the female breast that stands out because of its high therapeutic failure rate with both medical and surgical treatments. However, in males, the incidence is extremely low, although the treatment is similar. In this article, we present two new ...
Pereiro Ferreirós M M - - 2012
We review the current treatments available for superficial mycoses and discuss recent developments in pharmacotherapy and the most useful adjuvant treatments. Special emphasis is placed on the proper use of conventional therapies and a number of pharmacoeconomic issues. The review also offers an update on the best treatment choices in ...
Cheng Jeffrey - - 2012
We describe a novel technique for closure of a large, persistent, pediatric tracheocutaneous fistula using a thyroid ala cartilage graft. Case report and review of the literature. We report 2 cases of large (>4mm), pediatric tracheocutaneous fistulas, in which primary closure of the tracheal defect would have caused critical airway ...
Weitz Nicole A - - 2012
We present a case of a large congenital hemangioma (CH) on the neck causing cardiac failure and thrombocytopenia in a female neonate. A trial of medical therapy with corticosteroids and propranolol was attempted, but the patient ultimately underwent definitive treatment with embolization and surgical resection with a positive outcome. A ...
Yim Kein-Leong - - 2012
Epithelioid haemangioendothelioma (EHE), first described in 1982, is an uncommon malignancy comprising of around 1% of all vascular tumors and accurate diagnosis relies on specialist review of histology. Cervical spinal primaries are very rare and standard treatment for localised disease is surgery. Data regarding management of localized but unresectable tumors ...
Khan Shoukat H - - 2012
Ectopic thyroid tissue an uncommon condition results from abnormal migration of the primitive thyroid bud. This may be the only functional thyroid. Ectopic thyroid tissue may sometimes coexist with the eutopic thyroid gland. Hyperthyroidism in association with ectopic thyroid tissue is very uncommon. We report a rare case of simultaneous ...
Uzoma Miranda A - - 2012
  We describe two pediatric cases of febrile ulceronecrotic Mucha-Habermann disease (FUMHD) with response to pentoxifylline and cyclosporine therapies. Based on our review of the literature, we are presenting the first case of FUMHD treated with pentoxifylline and the third case of FUMHD successfully treated with cyclosporine. These agents may ...
Aslan Ilhan I Department of Congenital Heart Defects, Heart and Diabetes Centre, North-Rhine Westphalia, Georgstrasse 11, Bad Oeynhausen, Germany. - - 2013
Eosinophilic myocarditis is a rare disease occurring mainly in adulthood. It is generally known to be caused by autoimmune diseases, parasitic infections, hypersensitivity to drugs or substances, and after vaccinations. We describe the case of a 15-year-old adolescent, who presented initially with flu-like symptoms, as well as syncope. Subsequently, catecholaminergic ...
Nakashima Torahiko - - 2012
Thyroid carcinomas with massive intralumen invasion of the great veins are extremely rare and reported to have poor prognosis. We report a case of a poorly differentiated follicular carcinoma of the thyroid with extensive invasion into the bilateral internal jugular veins, brachiocephalic vein, and superior vena cava. All of the ...
Bockorny Margarita - - 2012
Background: Bortezomib is a novel, first-in-class peptide which reversibly inhibits the proteasome and is Food and Drug Administration approved for the treatment of multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Waldenström's macroglobulinemia, and systemic light chain amyloidosis, among others. Case Report: Very few cases of bortezomib-induced cardiotoxicity have been reported in the literature, ...
Kim Mi-Hyeong - - 2012
Thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC) is one of most common congenital diseases of the midline of the neck. Most TGDC cases require treatment in the cases of cosmetic problems or recurrent infection, and a Sistrunk operation is considered to be the standard treatment. However, less invasive treatments are sometimes used, and ...
Hanemann Cynthia - - 2012
Sarcoid involvement of the thyroid gland and spinal canal are rare individual manifestations of sarcoidosis. In this article, we will describe two concurrent cases of spinal canal and thyroid sarcoid involvement. Diagnostic criteria usually include histologic identification of a non-caseating granuloma, supportive laboratory or imaging tests or both, and a ...
Thawani Rajat - - 2012
Psoriasis and leprosy are almost mutually exclusive, with the prevalence of psoriasis in leprosy patients being as low as 0.014%. We present a case of a patient of psoriasis who was treated and developed Leprosy. We also did a review on the hypothesis which states that psoriasis protects from clinical ...
De Benedittis M - - 2012
Diffuse-type giant cell tumour (DTGCT) is a benign but destructive proliferative disorder of the synovium of joint capsules, tendons and bursae. Lesions originating from the articular synovium may grow intra-articularly or expand widely extra-articularly. Rare cases may develop only in peri-articular tissues. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement is exceptional and only ...
Tan Teik Hin TH Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kuala Lumpur Hospital, Jalan Pahang, 50586 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2012
Ectopic thyroid or thyroid ectopia is a rare developmental anomaly with the prevalence of 1 per 100,000-300,000 population. Even rarer, such an anomaly manifests as dual thyroid ectopia. To our best knowledge, only one case has been reported on dual thyroid ectopia with Graves' disease in the English literature. We ...
Perbal Bernard - - 2012
A critical look at a recently published manuscript reporting the role of CCN3 in the regulation of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) biology raises several scientific concerns, and reveals flaws in the reviewing process which appear to have resulted in the dissemination of conclusions that are not supported by ...
Pan Zeng-Gang ZG Department of Pathology, City of Hope Medical Center, Duarte, CA, - - 2012
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare form of aggressive B-cell lymphoma in HIV patients, which typically presents with lymphomatous effusions in the body cavities without forming mass lesions. PEL is associated with Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) (also called human herpesvirus-8) with distinct clinical and pathologic features. Rare cases of ...
Ozdemir Süleyman - - 2012
Extramedullary plasmacytomas are localized tumours formed of monoclonal plasma cells in an extra-skeletal area. They constitute approximately 3% of all neoplasms originating from plasma cells. They generally display a destructive course. When the literature in English was reviewed, only 19 cases with the primary disease localized in the sphenoid sinus ...
Zatoński Tomasz T Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Medical University in Wrocław, Head: Tomasz Kręcicki, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lingual thyroid is the most common presentation of ectopic thyroid tissue. In contrast, to that laryngeal location is extremely rare. We report a case of 59 years old woman with a history of progressive dyspnea and nodular thyroid goiter. Endoscopic examination revealed subglottic smooth tumor of the right side of ...
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