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Porfyris Orestis - - 2013
We report a case of prostatic abscess in a 52 year old male with a history of diabetes mellitus. The abscess was treated successfully with surgical drainage by transurethral unroofing of the cavity of the abscess. The use of transrectal ultrasound is valuable in the diagnosis, treatment and follow up ...
Guimarães Eduardo Pereira - - 2013
In the past, osteomyelitis was frequent and characterized by a prolonged course, treatment response uncertainty, and occasional disfigurement. Today, the disease is less common; it is believed that the decline in prevalence may be attributed to increased availability of antibiotics and improvement of overall health patterns. Currently, more common osteomyelitis ...
Naji Peyman P Department of Internal Medicine, Dayton Veterans Affair Medical Center, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, 4100 West Third Street, Dayton, OH 45428, - - 2013
Graves' disease (GD) is associated with various hematologic abnormalities but pancytopenia and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) are reported very rarely. Herein, we report a patient with GD who had both of these rare complications at different time intervals, along with a review of the related literature. The patient was a ...
Guerra Rosa R Department of Surgery, School of Medicine at Amarillo, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 1400 S Coulter Street, Amarillo, TX 79106, - - 2013
Extramammary Paget's Disease (EMPD) is a rare condition of the skin that often involves the vulva, perianal region, scrotum, penis, and axilla. Although prognosis is generally favorable, it can be associated with neoplasms of the bladder, urethra, prostate, and rectum. This report presents a case of scrotal EMPD that failed ...
D'Arena Giovanni G Onco-Hematology and Stem Cell Transplantation Unit, IRCCS "Centro di Riferimento Oncologico della Basilicata", Rionero in Vulture (Pz), - - 2013
Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a rare but severe necrotizing fasciitis of the external genitalia that may complicate the clinical course of hematologic malignancies and sometimes may be the first sign of the disease. The clinical course of FG is very aggressive and the mortality is still high despite the improvement ...
Garibyan Vartan V Scripps Mercy Hospital, Graduate Medical Education, San Diego, CA, - - 2013
Patient: Male, 50 Final Diagnosis: Bivalvular endocarditis due to Granulicatella adiacens Symptoms: Fever • fatigue Medication: - Clinical Procedure: Echocardiogram • valve replacement surgery Specialty: Infectious Diseases. Rare disease. Infective endocarditis remains a prominent cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It has been estimated that 50% of cases are caused ...
Wong Kai-Pun KP Division of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam Road, Hong - - 2013
Successful thermal ablation using radiofrequency has been reported in various tumors including liver or kidney tumors. Nonsurgical minimally invasive ablative therapy such as radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been reported to be a safe and efficient treatment option in managing symptomatic cold thyroid nodules or hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules. Pressure and cosmetic ...
Gao Shan S Intensive Care Unit, Shanghai First People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 650 Xinsongjiang Road, Shanghai 201620, China. - - 2013
Takayasu arteritis is a relatively rare type of large-vessel arteritis that primarily affects the aorta and its major branches, the coronary arteries, and the pulmonary arteries. Depending on the different groups of blood vessels involved in the disease process, the clinical presentation of Takayasu arteritis varies. Here we report a ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Kleeblattschädel (cloverleaf) skull is a very uncommon form of pansynostosis. Some cases are associated with syndromes, but often, this skull deformity is seen in isolation. To date, a comprehensive review of this topic is not available in the medical literature. CONCLUSIONS: Herein, we review the history, associations, diagnosis, treatment, ...
Giardina Andrea Susan - - 2012
To present a novel case of pupillary involvement in ocular neuromyotonia (ONM), a rare ocular syndrome that causes intermittent diplopia because of an abnormal delay in extraocular muscle relaxation and to conduct a literature review. A case report is presented to demonstrate clinical characteristics and treatment of ONM. In addition, ...
Farhadi Roya - - 2012
Congenital midline cervical cleft (CMCC) is a rare developmental anomaly of the anterior neck, mostly found in Caucasian females. Most authors consider it within the spectrum of branchial arch developmental abnormalities. There have been about 100 reported cases in the literature. However, there is no agreement on the age of ...
Garg Vikas - - 2012
Diffuse Nodular Lymphoid Hyperplasia (DNLH) of the intestine is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder of uncertain etiology, which is characterized by the presence of multiple nodular lesions. It can present as an asymptomatic disease or manifest with gastrointestinal symptoms like abdominal pain, chronic diarrhea, occult bleeding or rarely intestinal obstruction. DNLH ...
Haunson G Trey - - 2012
We report the case of a patient with livedoid vasculopathy that had been undiagnosed and inadequately treated for more than 10 years. To improve disease recognition and management, we review the pathogenesis, typical clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, and treatment options for livedoid vasculopathy.
Rotareasa Monica - - 2012
We report a case of mitral valve prolapse associated with infective endocarditis and heart failure, which required surgical intervention. Mitral valve repair was successfully performed and resulted in complete recovery of the patient.
Céspedes Camila - - 2012
Thyroid abscess is rare in children but the presence of previous thyroid disease, and congenital remanants such as a pyriform sinus fistula, are predisposing factors. The classical presentation consists of fever, cervical pain and a painful mass. The diagnosis is confirmed through clinical findings, and by diagnostic imaging (ultrasound and ...
Kim Young-Ha - - 2012
Necrotizing sialometaplasia of the parotid gland is infrequent and can be mistaken as a malignant disease. Its etiology is thought to be an insufficient blood supply. Bilateral involvement of this disease in parotid glands has been rarely reported in the English literature. We report a case of necrotizing sialometaplasia diagnosed ...
Oldham Gregory W - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To report a case of Lyme disease presenting as unilateral posterior stromal keratitis in a pediatric patient. METHODS:: Case report and review of available literature. RESULTS:: A 13-year-old adolescent with unilateral painless blurry vision presented with prominent posterior corneal stromal haze. A positive Borrelia burgdorferi antibody enzyme immunoassay and ...
Davidson Autumn P - - 2012
Reproductive causes of hypocalcemia include puerperal tetany (eclampsia) and mild hypocalcemia during whelping. This article reviews the pathophysiology, signalment, clinical signs, and treatment of eclampsia in the bitch and queen. The second part of the article focuses on the consequences and treatment of hypocalcemia prior to and during whelping in ...
Carranza-Tamayo César Omar - - 2012
Lyme disease is an underdiagnosed zoonosis in Brazil. There are no cases registered in the state of Tocantins, the newest Brazilian state. The cases of three patients in contact with rural areas in three Tocantins' districts are herein described, and the Brazilian literature is reviewed.
Utor Diego Alejandro - - 2012
Mammary duct-associated inflammatory disease sequence (MDAIDS) is a common pathology in the female breast that stands out because of its high therapeutic failure rate with both medical and surgical treatments. However, in males, the incidence is extremely low, although the treatment is similar. In this article, we present two new ...
Pereiro Ferreirós M M - - 2012
We review the current treatments available for superficial mycoses and discuss recent developments in pharmacotherapy and the most useful adjuvant treatments. Special emphasis is placed on the proper use of conventional therapies and a number of pharmacoeconomic issues. The review also offers an update on the best treatment choices in ...
Cheng Jeffrey - - 2012
We describe a novel technique for closure of a large, persistent, pediatric tracheocutaneous fistula using a thyroid ala cartilage graft. Case report and review of the literature. We report 2 cases of large (>4mm), pediatric tracheocutaneous fistulas, in which primary closure of the tracheal defect would have caused critical airway ...
Weitz Nicole A - - 2012
We present a case of a large congenital hemangioma (CH) on the neck causing cardiac failure and thrombocytopenia in a female neonate. A trial of medical therapy with corticosteroids and propranolol was attempted, but the patient ultimately underwent definitive treatment with embolization and surgical resection with a positive outcome. A ...
Yim Kein-Leong - - 2012
Epithelioid haemangioendothelioma (EHE), first described in 1982, is an uncommon malignancy comprising of around 1% of all vascular tumors and accurate diagnosis relies on specialist review of histology. Cervical spinal primaries are very rare and standard treatment for localised disease is surgery. Data regarding management of localized but unresectable tumors ...
Khan Shoukat H - - 2012
Ectopic thyroid tissue an uncommon condition results from abnormal migration of the primitive thyroid bud. This may be the only functional thyroid. Ectopic thyroid tissue may sometimes coexist with the eutopic thyroid gland. Hyperthyroidism in association with ectopic thyroid tissue is very uncommon. We report a rare case of simultaneous ...
Uzoma Miranda A - - 2012
  We describe two pediatric cases of febrile ulceronecrotic Mucha-Habermann disease (FUMHD) with response to pentoxifylline and cyclosporine therapies. Based on our review of the literature, we are presenting the first case of FUMHD treated with pentoxifylline and the third case of FUMHD successfully treated with cyclosporine. These agents may ...
Aslan Ilhan I Department of Congenital Heart Defects, Heart and Diabetes Centre, North-Rhine Westphalia, Georgstrasse 11, Bad Oeynhausen, Germany. - - 2013
Eosinophilic myocarditis is a rare disease occurring mainly in adulthood. It is generally known to be caused by autoimmune diseases, parasitic infections, hypersensitivity to drugs or substances, and after vaccinations. We describe the case of a 15-year-old adolescent, who presented initially with flu-like symptoms, as well as syncope. Subsequently, catecholaminergic ...
Nakashima Torahiko - - 2012
Thyroid carcinomas with massive intralumen invasion of the great veins are extremely rare and reported to have poor prognosis. We report a case of a poorly differentiated follicular carcinoma of the thyroid with extensive invasion into the bilateral internal jugular veins, brachiocephalic vein, and superior vena cava. All of the ...
Bockorny Margarita - - 2012
Background: Bortezomib is a novel, first-in-class peptide which reversibly inhibits the proteasome and is Food and Drug Administration approved for the treatment of multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Waldenström's macroglobulinemia, and systemic light chain amyloidosis, among others. Case Report: Very few cases of bortezomib-induced cardiotoxicity have been reported in the literature, ...
Kim Mi-Hyeong - - 2012
Thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC) is one of most common congenital diseases of the midline of the neck. Most TGDC cases require treatment in the cases of cosmetic problems or recurrent infection, and a Sistrunk operation is considered to be the standard treatment. However, less invasive treatments are sometimes used, and ...
Hanemann Cynthia - - 2012
Sarcoid involvement of the thyroid gland and spinal canal are rare individual manifestations of sarcoidosis. In this article, we will describe two concurrent cases of spinal canal and thyroid sarcoid involvement. Diagnostic criteria usually include histologic identification of a non-caseating granuloma, supportive laboratory or imaging tests or both, and a ...
Thawani Rajat - - 2012
Psoriasis and leprosy are almost mutually exclusive, with the prevalence of psoriasis in leprosy patients being as low as 0.014%. We present a case of a patient of psoriasis who was treated and developed Leprosy. We also did a review on the hypothesis which states that psoriasis protects from clinical ...
De Benedittis M - - 2012
Diffuse-type giant cell tumour (DTGCT) is a benign but destructive proliferative disorder of the synovium of joint capsules, tendons and bursae. Lesions originating from the articular synovium may grow intra-articularly or expand widely extra-articularly. Rare cases may develop only in peri-articular tissues. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement is exceptional and only ...
Tan Teik Hin TH Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kuala Lumpur Hospital, Jalan Pahang, 50586 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2012
Ectopic thyroid or thyroid ectopia is a rare developmental anomaly with the prevalence of 1 per 100,000-300,000 population. Even rarer, such an anomaly manifests as dual thyroid ectopia. To our best knowledge, only one case has been reported on dual thyroid ectopia with Graves' disease in the English literature. We ...
Perbal Bernard - - 2012
A critical look at a recently published manuscript reporting the role of CCN3 in the regulation of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) biology raises several scientific concerns, and reveals flaws in the reviewing process which appear to have resulted in the dissemination of conclusions that are not supported by ...
Pan Zeng-Gang ZG Department of Pathology, City of Hope Medical Center, Duarte, CA, - - 2012
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare form of aggressive B-cell lymphoma in HIV patients, which typically presents with lymphomatous effusions in the body cavities without forming mass lesions. PEL is associated with Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) (also called human herpesvirus-8) with distinct clinical and pathologic features. Rare cases of ...
Ozdemir Süleyman - - 2012
Extramedullary plasmacytomas are localized tumours formed of monoclonal plasma cells in an extra-skeletal area. They constitute approximately 3% of all neoplasms originating from plasma cells. They generally display a destructive course. When the literature in English was reviewed, only 19 cases with the primary disease localized in the sphenoid sinus ...
Zatoński Tomasz T Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Medical University in Wrocław, Head: Tomasz Kręcicki, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lingual thyroid is the most common presentation of ectopic thyroid tissue. In contrast, to that laryngeal location is extremely rare. We report a case of 59 years old woman with a history of progressive dyspnea and nodular thyroid goiter. Endoscopic examination revealed subglottic smooth tumor of the right side of ...
Planas Silvia - - 2012
Abstract We report an association of ventricular non-compaction (VNC) and histiocytoid cardiomyopathy (HC). Both entities are rare and only two cases of their association have been reported previously in the medical literature. VNC is believed to be caused by an arrest of the normal endomyocardial development, resulting in a thin ...
Chandarana Mihir N - - 2012
Papillary carcinoma is a well-differentiated type of thyroid carcinoma with very good overall prognosis. The commonest site of metastases is the lymph node, distant metastases being rare. We present a case of a 52-year-old male who presented with a solitary metastasis in the left para-sellar region and cavernous sinus more ...
Smith Marcus - - 2012
Atrial myxomas are the most common benign tumors of the heart and may present with a wide variety of symptoms. Although 45% of patients present with neurological symptoms, a diverse range of systemic symptoms also occur. A systemic review of the literature related to the diagnosis, treatment, pathogenesis, and symptoms ...
Linos Konstantinos - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Microvenular hemangioma (MVH) is a rare, slowly growing, benign vascular tumor that typically presents as a solitary enlarging plaque or nodule on the trunk or the extremities of young to middle-aged adults. A minority of MVH present with multiple lesions that are either gradually or suddenly acquired (eruptive MVH). ...
Hanson James R - - 2012
Covering: 2011. Previous review: Nat. Prod. Rep., 2011, 28, 1755-1772This review covers the isolation and chemistry of the diterpenoids from terrestrial as opposed to marine sources and includes labdanes, clerodanes, abietanes, pimaranes, kauranes, gibberellins, cembranes and their cyclization products and taxanes. There are 161 references.
Wood Brian R - - 2012
Abstract We report the case of a 59-year-old man who moved from Cape Verde to Massachusetts at the age of 29. He had multiple sexual contacts with female partners in Cape Verde and with West African women in Massachusetts, as well as multiple past indeterminate HIV-1 antibody tests. He presented ...
Mert Ismail - - 2012
Clear cell carcinoma originating in the abdominal wall is rare and usually develops within endometriotic implants in the scar. We describe 2 patients: a 42 year old with a 15 cm mass on the abdominal wall treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and excision and a 51 year old with a 6 ...
Xi Shaoyan - - 2012
Most meningiomas are benign and correspond to World Health Organization grade I, whereas chordoid meningioma is a rare subtype, which is regarded as grade II. This report presents 1 case of intraparenchymal chordoid meningioma. The intraparenchymal chordoid meningioma consisted predominantly of tissue that was histologically similar to chordoma, featuring cords ...
Kilic Seyda Andac - - 2012
Nasu-Hakola disease (NHD), also known as polycystic lipomembranous osteodysplasia and sclerosing leukoencephalopathy, is a rare and fatal hereditary disease with less than 200 cases reported in the literature [Madry H, Prudlo J, Grgic A, Freyschmidt J. Nasu-Hakola disease (PLOSL): report of five cases and review of the literature. Clin Orthop ...
Yang Ching-Huei CH Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei Branch, New Taipei City, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We describe a case of infective endocarditis of the native aortic valve due to Gemella sanguinis in a 67-year-old Taiwanese man who had pre-existent valvular heart disease. He was successfully treated with aortic valve replacement accompanying a 6-week intravenous antibiotic treatment. To the best of our knowledge, this is the ...
Lajolo Carlo - - 2012
doi: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2012.00629.x Langerhans's cell histiocytosis in old subjects: two rare case reports and review of the literature Background:  Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a proliferative disease of histiocyte-like cells that generally affects children; LCH onset is rare in adults; immunohistochemistry is essential to obtain the correct diagnosis, and treatment protocols ...
Miteva Mariya - - 2012
Background: Alopecia areata (AA) incognito represents a variant of AA characterized by acute diffuse hair thinning. Dermoscopy shows yellow dots and short regrowing hairs. The differential diagnosis with telogen effluvium (TE) and androgenetic alopecia may be difficult. Methods: In order to establish histopathological criteria for the diagnosis of AA incognito, ...
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