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Northway William M - - 2013
Does orthodontic treatment help or hinder a patient's periodontal status? What factors affect the periodontium? Can those factors be managed in a way that remedies existing periodontal issues? A 35-year-old woman presented with severe gingival recession and a unilateral Class II malocclusion. The treatment plan was to correct the malocclusion ...
Ko Ho Hyun - - 2013
An ectopic thyroid is caused by abnormalities in migration of the thyroid during development and rarely occurs in the thoracic cavity or the abdominal cavity. We report the case of a 64-year-old female who had abnormal findings from a thyroid hormone test during follow-up after thyroid cancer surgery. Based on ...
Ito A - - 2013
A 43-year-old Tibetan woman living in northwest Sichuan, China, confirmed to be a taeniasis carrier of Taenia solium was treated with pumpkin seeds combined with Areca nut extract in October 2009. All 20 tapeworms except one without scolex were expelled under good conditions. She was free of secondary cysticercosis within ...
Nettore I C - - 2013
Background. Congenital hypothyroidism is a frequent disease occurring with an incidence of about 1/2500 newborns/year. In 80-85% of the cases CH is caused by alterations in thyroid morphogenesis, generally indicated by the term "thyroid dysgenesis" (TD). TD is generally a sporadic disease, but in about 5% of the cases a ...
Chen Cynthia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of an elderly female with primary diffuse large B-cell thyroid lymphoma causing an extensive tracheal defect that was managed expectantly with good results. METHOD: Case report RESULTS: This is the only known reported case of a patient with tracheal invasion and perforation caused by primary ...
Williams Cylie M - - 2013
Metatarsus adductus (MA) occurs in one to two cases per 1000 births and is the most common congenital foot deformity in newborns. The appearance is that of a curved or adducted forefoot with a normal hindfoot. A systematic literature review was conducted to answer the following question: For a child ...
Ho Joanne M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pregabalin is used in the treatment of postherpetic neuralgia, diabetic neuropathic pain, partial seizures, anxiety disorders and fibromyalgia. Recognized adverse effects associated with its use include cognitive impairment, somnolence and dizziness. Heart failure associated with pregabalin has been described, however the strength of this association has not been well ...
Tenna Stefania S Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Unit, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, - - 2014
Milia en plaque (MEP) is an uncommon finding characterized by numerous tiny milia within an erythematous area. Despite its benign and asymptomatic nature, MEP raises cosmetic concerns; moreover, the available treatment modalities for MEP are limited. In view of the few cases described in the literature, no consensus has been ...
Guglin Maya - - 2013
Today's growing numbers of pregnant patients with congenital heart defects presents challenges for cardiologists treating adult patients. The case is presented of a 19-year-old woman who was admitted with a threatened miscarriage in the third trimester and was diagnosed with an incomplete atrioventricular canal, cleft mitral valve with severe regurgitation, ...
Sturniolo G - - 2013
The authors present a case of parathyroid carcinoma in a patient with primary hyperparathyroidism. Following a literature review, the clinical and diagnostic profile, treatment and prognosis of this rare disease are discussed.
Zhang Lu - - 2013
Behçet's disease (BD) with chylothorax and/or chylopericardium is uncommon. Here, we report a case of a 32-year-old man suffering BD with chylothorax and chylopericardium complications. We also review the literature and discuss clinical characteristics, possible pathogenesis, and treatment strategy of patients suffering BD with chylothorax and/or chylopericardium complications.
Eliades Myrto - - 2013
Background: Takotsubo or stress-induced cardiomyopathy is a form of reversible cardiomyopathy, commonly associated with emotional or physical stress. Thyrotoxicosis has been identified as a rare cause of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy with only eleven cases reported in the literature. Here, we report a case of thyroid storm presenting with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in ...
Panikkath Ragesh - - 2013
Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is a rare reversible cause of paralysis and cramping. TPP is usually precipitated by common causes of thyrotoxicosis such as Grave disease or multinodular goiter. TPP precipitated by exogenous triiodothyronine (T3) intake is an extremely rare occurrence with only 3 cases reported to date. We now ...
Rotoli Bt - - 2013
SUMMARY This case report describes the restoration of the anterior dentition with porcelain laminate veneers. The advances in bonding of porcelain to tooth structure make this treatment a feasible alternative to restore teeth with alteration in shape and position in cases in which the esthetic demand is high. The rationale ...
Ünlütürk U─čur U Ankara University School of Medicine, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 06100 Ankara, Turkey. - - 2013
An increased or normal serum TSH concentration, despite elevated thyroid hormone levels, is observed in resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH) and TSH-secreting adenomas (TSHomas). When coexistent with a differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), maintenance of a suppression of TSH is challenging. The aim of the study was to discuss the pitfalls ...
Vianna Fernanda S L - - 2013
Thalidomide is the best-known teratogen worldwide. It was first marketed as a sedative in the late 1950s, but the birth of ∼10 000 children with birth defects resulted in the withdrawal of thalidomide from the market in 1962. Thalidomide embryopathy affects almost all organs but the main defects are concentrated ...
Kelly Joseph T - - 2013
/st> The existence of an association between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease has been proposed by investigators in several clinical studies and further confirmed by the results of several systematic reviews. The aim of the authors' study was to assess the quality of published systematic reviews focused on the association between ...
Zawawi Faisal - - 2013
This is a case report of a 13 years old boy with a thyroid rupture secondary to a hockey stick blunt trauma to his neck and a literature review focused on diagnosis and management. There are 14 other cases in the literature, 7 of which required surgical intervention mainly to ...
Sheizaf Boaz - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recurrent adnexal torsion rarely affects girls. Various surgical techniques for its prevention are available. We describe a case of recurrent asynchronous bilateral torsions in a prepubertal patient. CASE: An 8-year-old girl first presented with a right adnexal torsion and underwent a laparoscopic untwisting. During the following 3 years, 4 ...
Ynson Marie Lourdes ML Department of Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030, USA. - - 2013
Lichen planus is a fairly common chronic idiopathic disorder of the skin, nails and mucosal surfaces. Esophageal involvement of this disease on the other hand is rare and only about 50 cases have been reported in literature. Given its rarity, it can be difficult to diagnose and may be easily ...
Lazopoulos George - - 2013
Ergotamine is used to abort or prevent vascular headache. Valvular heart disease as an adverse effect of long-term ergotamine therapy has been rarely reported in the English literature, with only a few cases published. It is hypothesized that ergot-derived agents stimulate serotonergic receptors (5-HT2B), causing proliferation of myofibroblasts, with subsequent ...
Consoli G - - 2013
AIM: Controversy over the relationship between occlusion and the progression of periodontal destruction has been ongoing since the beginning of scientific studies of dental diseases. This paper reviews the literature and explores the relationship between trauma from occlusion with periodontal disease in children, presenting recommendations for clinical practice based on ...
Oliveira Italo Martins de - - 2013
Criss-cross heart is an extremely rare anomaly, characterized by an abnormal rotation of the ventricular mass along its major axis. It may be associated with any malformation of the heart segments and connections. Due to the complex structural changes and rarity of the anomaly, the rotation of ventricular axis is ...
Tani Chiara - - 2013
Herewith we provide a critical digest of the recent literature on systemic sclerosis. The most relevant studies published over the last two years have been reviewed, with particular focus on the diagnosis, pathogenesis and treatment of the disease.
Garcia Alejandro V AV Department of Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA. - - 2013
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common cancer in children and adolescents. Clinical presentation often reflects bone marrow involvement and consequences of bone marrow failure. Microscopic involvement of the testis is rare, occurring in about 2% of cases. We present a case of a 3-year-old child who displayed unilateral ...
Lee Kyung Ae KA Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine of Chonbuk National University and Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, - - 2013
We describe herein an unusual case of subacute thyroiditis presenting as acute psychosis. An 18-year-old male presented at the emergency department due to abnormal behavior, psychomotor agitation, sexual hyperactivity, and a paranoid mental state. Laboratory findings included an erythrocyte sedimentation rate of 36 mm/hr (normal range, 0 to 9), free ...
Srikanthan Krithika - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Free-tissue transfer has become routine surgery because of standardization of instrumentation, techniques, and training. The incidence of microvascular thrombosis leading to free-flap failure is relatively low; however, anastomotic thrombosis can still occur despite the best of circumstances. Although majority of the time it is due to technical mishap or ...
Roger Eric P - - 2013
We present what is to our knowledge the first reported case of thoracic disc herniation leading to venous congestive myelopathy (VCM), which was clinically and radiographically suggestive of Foix-Alajouanine syndrome (angiodysgenetic necrotizing myelopathy). In addition, we review current concepts in evaluating the etiology of VCM and discuss indications for surgery.
Judge Joshua M - - 2013
Melanoma has a high propensity for cardiac seeding, with heart involvement noted in a significant number of patients at autopsy. Therapeutic options are currently limited, and the prognosis of cardiac metastasis is poor. We report two cases of cardiac metastasis of melanoma and review the current literature. In addition, we ...
Yao Qingping - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to report a case of IgG4-related Mikulicz's disease with a systematic review. METHODS: The relevant English literature was searched using the keywords 'Mikulicz's disease' and 'IgG4'. Original and review articles were reviewed, and the clinical scenarios were exemplified with a case report. RESULTS: A 49-year-old Caucasian ...
Hinojosa Carlos A - - 2013
Intravascular leiomyomatosis is a rare, histologically benign disease, and can spread through the venous system to the right cavities of the heart. We report the case of a 39-year-old woman who presented with intravenous leiomyomatosis with extension to the right ventricle, causing heart failure. She underwent surgery successfully, undergoing a ...
Rishi Arvind - - 2013
Dural metastasis from medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is not well established in English literature. We present the case report of MTC with unusual clinical presentation as a dural-based mass in a 39-year-old male with no family history of multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an extra-axial dural-based mass ...
Jacques T A - - 2013
Background: The authors present a case of diffuse fatty infiltration of the thyroid gland with coexistent deposition of amyloid protein. Method: A case history and brief literature review concerning amyloid goitre and fatty infiltration of the thyroid are presented, and the relationship between these two phenomena is discussed. Results: A ...
Petrich Christine E - - 2013
Hyperthyroidism has profound effects on mental health. The literature is sparse, however, with regard to suicide attempts related to untreated hyperthyroidism. This case report illustrates the presentation of a patient in the intensive care unit after a life-threatening Tylenol overdose presumed to be secondary to adjustment disorder. During the patient's ...
Hunter J P - - 2013
Isolated necrosis of the caecum is a rare cause of abdominal pain. In the absence of occlusive vascular disease it has a number of well documented associations, the commonest of which is patients' receiving haemodialysis for endstage renal failure. It has also been associated with shock states, cardiac failure, ischaemic ...
Boretz Robert S - - 2013
In an effort to look at the evolution of treatment options in orthopedics over time, The American Journal of Orthopedics has reviewed case reports published 10 years ago in the journal, and sought out feedback from experts on how current treatment has, or has not changed, and why. This month, ...
Pinto André - - 2013
When present in thyroid, amyloid is an attribute almost always restricted to medullary thyroid carcinoma. Scant studies in the literature have demonstrated this finding in other thyroid pathologies as papillary thyroid carcinoma, amyloid goiter, and other benign entities. From our experience in thyroid pathology, we analyzed cases on which the ...
Hattori Tomoji - - 2013
Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) is rarely associated with parkinsonism. A 52-year-old woman presented with a rare case of DAVF manifesting as parkinsonism and subsequently akinetic mutism. She showed dramatic recovery after endovascular treatment. We also review 10 published reports of DAVF presenting with parkinsonism. The clinical features of these cases ...
Sim Yirong - - 2013
Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma (MTC) is the most common cause of death in MEN patients. It is curative by prophylactic total thyroidectomy, but controversies remain as to the optimal timing for prophylactic thyroidectomy. The current recommendation is for prophylactic total thyroidectomy before age 5, but a recent study suggested that in ...
Verde Franco - - 2013
Congenital absence of the pericardium is a rare entity, with less than 400 cases reported in the literature. Pericardial absence is typically left sided, which results in herniation of the great vessels or portions of the heart. Patients may be asymptomatic, typical for complete defects, or can present with various ...
Macnab Magnus - - 2013
Background:Lichen myxedematosus (LM) is a rare idiopathic disorder characterized by papules, plaques, and/or nodules in the skin secondary to mucin deposition and variable dermal fibrosis in the absence of thyroid disease. Case reports are the predominant literature on LM due to its rarity, and the data are limited regarding the ...
Alavi Samin - - 2013
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology and a leading cause of acquired heart disease. It is assumed that there is an activation of the immune system by an infectious trigger in a genetically susceptible host. Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial solid tumor in young children. ...
Liu Jun-Jian - - 2013
Telangiectatic osteosarcoma is a rare variant of osteosarcoma and hence its occurrence, presentation, and prognosis are poorly understood. With advancements in technology and available treatment options, the scenario of its diagnosis, management, and outcome has changed. Chemotherapy with surgery was challenged previously, but has now been proved to be beneficial. ...
De Paola Mariele - - 2013
We report a 60-year-old Caucasian female with a 2-year history of diffused granuloma annulare (GA), who presented for the simultaneous occurrence of genital lichen sclerosus (LS) and autoimmune thyroiditis (AT). In our opinion this combination is not just coincidental but may share similar immunopathological mechanisms.
Kesieme Emeka B - - 2013
Haemoptysis is rarely reported following coitus, and cardiac decompensation has been mostly implicated in the aetiology. We present a 53-year-old Nigerian, known hypertensive diabetic woman with background ischaemic heart disease who presented with postcoital haemoptysis of one-year duration. Echocardiography revealed combined ischaemic and mitral valvular heart disease, probably of rheumatic ...
Leite Ronaldo Antônio - - 2013
The objective of this study was to review the most recent studies from the last 15 years, in search of clinical studies that report the relationship between TMD and orthodontic treatment and/or malocclusion. Our intention was to determine whether orthodontic treatment would increase the incidence of signs and symptoms of ...
Vila Duckworth Lizette - - 2013
Intrathyroidal parathyroid carcinoma is an exceedingly rare cause of primary hyperparathyroidism. A 51-year-old African American female presented with goiter, hyperparathyroidism, and symptomatic hypercalcemia. Sestamibi scan revealed diffuse activity within an enlarged thyroid gland with uptake in the right thyroid lobe suggestive of hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue. The patient underwent thyroidectomy and ...
Dziadkiewicz A - - 2013
Hemiparkinsonism-hemiatrophy (HPHA) is a rare neurological syndrome. The main clinical features of HPHA consist of atrophy of one side of the body (face, trunk, limbs), ipsilateral hemiparkinsonism (bradykinesia, rigidity, tremor) and in many cases dystonia. There are no data on prevalence of HPHA as the condition is rare. The mean ...
Pillai Suresh - - 2013
We report the case of a middle-aged hypothyroid woman presenting with a neck swelling, voice change and breathing difficulty. On evaluation, she was diagnosed to have goitre with retrosternal extension. The mass was surgically excised and a histopathological report of ancient schwannoma was obtained. A review of literature on schwannomas ...
Kaidar-Person O - - 2013
Signet-ring cell adenocarcinoma is a rare subtype of the uterine cervix; thus there are no guidelines and the prognosis is unknown. There seems to be a significant role for reporting the treatment and outcome of this rare disease in order to establish guidelines and to assist in decision-making. However, treatment ...
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