Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 820
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Edwards A J - - 2003
AIM: To determine whether reporting plain films at faster rates lead to a deterioration in accuracy. METHODS: Fourteen consultant radiologists were asked to report a total of 90 radiographs in three sets of 30. They reported the first set at the rate they would report normally and the subsequent two ...
Woody George E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Assess the validity of medical products reporting program (MEDWatch) reports of abuse/dependence and withdrawal associated with Ultram (tramadol). METHODS: Reports of possible abuse/dependence or withdrawal associated with Ultram during 13 quarters following launch were spontaneously reported to the manufacturer Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical (OMP) and also solicited from 255 NIDA grantees ...
Ratelle Sylvie - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Reporting of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) from private providers could be incomplete because of time and staff constraints, lack of knowledge of reporting requirements and of case definitions. Reporting burden can be alleviated with the use of administrative data. GOAL: The goal of this study was to determine the ...
Wong W N - - 2003
To compare the diagnostic accuracy of emergency department (ED) physicians with the World Health Organization (WHO) case definition in a large community-based SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) cohort. This was a cohort study of all patients from Hong Kong's Amoy Garden complex who presented to an ED SARS screening clinic ...
Ayata Gamze - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the application of a probabilistic/categorical approach for reporting breast fine needle aspiration (FNA) and its dependence on the cytopathologist's level of experience. STUDY DESIGN: All breast surgical specimens that had preoperative breast FNA at our institution during a 3-year period were identified. The cytologic results were reported ...
Trotter Martin J - - 2003
CONTEXT: Slide review has been advocated as a means to reduce diagnostic error in surgical pathology and is considered an important component of a total quality assurance program. Blinded review is an unbiased method of error detection, and this approach may be used to determine the diagnostic discrepancy rates in ...
Sprock June - - 2003
This study examined interrater reliability and ratings of confidence and clinical utility (professional communication, case conceptualization, treatment planning) of categorical and dimensional approaches to diagnosing prototypic and nonprototypic personality disorder cases. Two national samples of psychologists (n = 93, n = 92) participated. Interrater reliability was higher for prototypic cases ...
Weisman Michael H - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare the relative attributes (reliability, ease of use, applicability, and relevance) of different assessment tools for economic analyses as they pertain to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) literature. METHODS: An expert panel, comprising rheumatology researchers and clinicians, operationalized 2 economic appraisal instruments and applied them to 11 articles ...
Khalifa Mahmoud A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed patient records in our tertiary care teaching hospital to assess the value of the mandatory slide review policy in gynecologic oncology with emphasis on completeness of reports. METHODS: Cases reviewed between October 2001 to September 2002 were studied. Clinical information was gathered from discussions at the weekly ...
Logani Sanjay - - 2003
Histologic criteria of low-grade vulvar/vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN1/VAIN1) are well established; however, a significant interobserver variability in diagnosing VIN1/VAIN1 has been reported. The goal of this study was to evaluate the utility of MIB-1 immunostaining as an adjunct test to increase the diagnostic accuracy in equivocal cases of VIN1/VAIN1. The ...
Carozzi F M - - 2003
The cost-effectiveness of qualifying ASCUS cases into two different subcategories, favoring a reactive (ASCUS-R) or dysplastic process (ASCUS-S), was evaluated at the Centro per lo Studio e la Prevenzione Oncologica of Florence in a prospective study. The study determined the positive predictive value (PPV) for histologically confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia ...
Koivurinne Kirsti I - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the combined effect of dithiothreitol (DTT) treatment and ThinPrep (TP) (Cytyc Corp, Boxborough, Massachusetts, U.S.A.) processing on bronchial washing specimens. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 431 bronchial washing specimens were initially treated with 0.05% DTT in a 30% methanol solution. After centrifugation, 1 TP slide and 2-4 ...
Mikami Yoshiki - - 2003
The aims of this study were to evaluate the accuracy of Gleason grading for prostatic adenocarcinoma among practicing pathologists in Japan and to determine the influence of education on this accuracy. Using a case-oriented approach, 16 hematoxylin and eosin-;stained glass slides with consensus scores established by 4 urologic pathologists were ...
Black Bruce - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To review and modify past methods of reporting ossiculoplasty results, improve analysis, standardize presentation formats, and achieve greater veracity of the reported outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A review of past and present evaluation methods. BACKGROUND: Past ossiculoplasty evaluation methods have been often poorly comparable, based on questionable methodology, and frequently ...
Mansoor Ibrahim - - 2003
BACKGROUND: To review the pattern of urine cytology in our setting of a community hospital with age and gender distribution. Also to discuss the importance of this safe and inexpensive tool for diagnosing and screening urothelial cancers. We desire to encourage more wider and confident use of urine cytology in ...
Li Jianghong - - 2003
As an initial phase of the Endophthalmitis Population Study of Western Australia (EPSWA), this paper reports the results from an intensive comparative validation of all possible surgery-related endophthalmitis cases identified for the period from 1980 to June 1999 from the Hospital Morbidity Data System (HMDS) of the WA Record Linkage ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2003
Recent studies have shown increased interest in measuring error rates in surgical pathology. We sought to determine how many surgical pathology cases need to be reviewed to show a significant difference from published error rates for review of routine or biopsy cases. Results of 4 series with this type of ...
Padilla Carmencita David - - 2003
The Newborn Screening Study Group first introduced newborn screening in the Philippines in 1996. This group of pediatricians and obstetricians from 24 hospitals in the metropolitan Manila area developed a newborn screening program: (1) to establish the incidence of six metabolic conditions--congenital hypothyroidism, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, galactosemia, phenylketonuria, homocystinuria and ...
Nadalin Victoria - - 2003
Case-control studies of fatal cancers often rely on proxy respondents. Therefore, it is important to determine the completeness and accuracy of proxy-reported information. We evaluated proxy reports using the Ontario Familial Colon Cancer Registry epidemiology questionnaire. A proxy questionnaire was completed by spouses or relatives identified by a sample of ...
Bindels Rianne - - 2003
Despite a poor reliability, peer assessment is the traditional method to assess the appropriateness of health care activities. This article describes the reliability of the human assessment of the appropriateness of diagnostic tests requests. The authors used a random selection of 1217 tests from 253 request forms submitted by general ...
Earle Karen E - - 2003
We report a case of an 82 year-old woman who had two episodes of documented hypoglycemia. Initial laboratory testing revealed hyperinsulinemia and a negative serum sulfonylurea screen. While these data suggested the presence of an insulinoma, further evaluation of the case revealed inadvertent ingestion of glimepiride, a sulfonylurea not included ...
Ready Rebecca E - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated two amnestic behavior changes (repetitive questioning and repetitive actions) to determine their utility in screening for early dementia. DESIGN: Patient data were collected through a retrospective chart review. Comparison data from nondemented older people were collected prospectively from acquaintances of clinic patients. SETTING: The setting was ...
Cleo Brylinsky,David Carlile
this report, emphasis is placed on yelloweye rockfish Sebastes ruberrirnus, as it is the dominant species in the DSR fishery
Schmitt K-U - - 2003
A total of 668 cases of cervical spine disorders (CSD) sustained in automotive collisions were analysed. All cases had a minimum sick leave duration of 4 weeks. To evaluate these cases a scheme was developed that takes into account technical, medical, and biomechanical aspects. For each case, the delta-v value ...
Chris S. Mammoliti
To assess the potential impacts of impoundments on sensitive stream species, such as the Topeka shiner (Notropis topeka) and hornyhead chub (Nocomis biguttatus), I conducted a review of existing scientific literature. A substantial body of literature indicates that construction of dams has a negative impact on native stream fishes. In ...
Giner-Sorolla Roger - - 2002
Jurors sometimes enter a case both with prior beliefs about its likely validity and with more general ideologies that are relevant to the case. Although prior validity beliefs may serve as heuristics, directly biasing decisions when cognitive capacity is low, we hypothesized that ideology may bias systematic thought even when ...
Dahl L B - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Heart murmurs are common in children, and they are often referred to a specialist for examination. A clinically innocent murmur does not need further investigation. The referral area of the University Hospital is large and sparsely populated. A new service for remote auscultation (telemedicine) of heart murmurs in children ...
Wolery Mark - - 2002
In this paper, the outcome measures used in intervention research with young children with autism were analyzed. Two types of literature were reviewed: reports evaluating specific intervention practices and reports of complete intervention programs. A description of the types of measures used in each literature source and measurement practices reported ...
Teschke K - - 2002
Community based case-control studies are an efficient means to study disease aetiologies, and may be the only practical means to investigate rare diseases. However, exposure assessment remains problematic. We review the literature on the validity and reliability of common case-control exposure assessment methods: occupational histories, job-exposure matrices (JEMs), self reported ...
Wilbur David C - - 2002
A 2-armed, masked study was performed on 1,275 AutoCyte PREP (TriPath, Burlington, NC) slides. Manual screening (current practice [CP]) was compared with automated screening with location-guided screening (LGS) using the AutoPap system with the SlideWizard 2 automated review microscopy station (TriPath). Cytologic adjudication determined "truth" for each slide. LGS identified ...
Chen Yiqun - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the reliability of a novel coding scheme for physical risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders reported to an occupational surveillance scheme. METHODS: Since 1997 new cases of musculoskeletal disease have been reported as part of a surveillance scheme by over 300 consultant rheumatologists in the United Kingdom; ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2002
CONTEXT: Several studies have shown that blinded review, because it is less biased and may improve vigilance, is an excellent method for detecting errors and improving performance in gynecologic cytology. The value of blinded review in surgical pathology is not known. OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of blinded review in ...
David Carlile,Cleo Brylinsky
this report, emphasis is placed on yelloweye rockfish Sebastes ruberrimus, as it is the dominant species in the DSR fishery
el-Morshedy H - - 2002
Intra-specimen and day-to-day variations of Fasciola egg counts in stools were investigated for 16 cases of established fascioliasis. For each case six Kato slides from a single stool sample were examined daily for 5 consecutive days. The results indicated the presence of significant intra-specimen variations in more than one-third of ...
Edwards Phil - - 2002
A study was conducted to estimate the accuracy and reliability of reviewers when screening records for relevant trials for a systematic review. A sensitive search of ten electronic bibliographic databases yielded 22 571 records of potentially relevant trials. Records were allocated to four reviewers such that two reviewers examined each ...
Ring M - - 2002
A split study evaluated the ThinPrep(R) PapTesttrade mark (TP; Cytyc Corp., Boxborough, MA) compared with current methodologies of cervical cytology in two high-risk cohorts. One thousand, three hundred cases from a colposcopy clinic and a genito-urinary medicine outpatient clinic were examined. The TP reported increased detection of all grades of ...
Piyavisetpat Nitra - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to determine diagnostic accuracy of hysterosalpingography by using different diagnostic criteria in peritubal adhesion diagnosis. The authors retrospectively reviewed cases in which both hysterosalpingography and laparoscopy were performed. Fifty-nine of 84 cases had laparoscopy proved peritubal adhesion. Five hysterosalpingographic signs (convoluted tube, vertical tube, ...
Beam Craig A - - 2002
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Although research has successfully documented variability in radiologists' interpretation of mammograms, it has failed to determine the relative contributions of case-specific features and reader inconsistency. Training interventions to improve consistency will be ineffectual if they do not target the principal determinants of disagreement among radiologists. The current ...
Nolan Margretta - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to profile subgroups of CSA cases referred for assessment at two national CSA assessment centers in Ireland. METHOD: Historical and clinical data for 150 CSA cases were drawn from records of two Dublin-based national specialist sexual abuse assessment and therapeutic centers. Three main comparisons were made ...
Halliday G - - 2002
The aim of this study was to assess the variation between neuropathologists in the diagnosis of common dementia syndromes when multiple published protocols are applied. Fourteen out of 18 Australian neuropathologists participated in diagnosing 20 cases (16 cases of dementia, 4 age-matched controls) using consensus diagnostic methods. Diagnostic criteria, clinical ...
Patwari A K - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate commonly utilized diagnostic modalities to detecting Gastroesophageal Reflux (GER). METHODS: Sixty children aged 1-72 months (mean age 14.7 months) with symptoms suggestive of Gastroesosphageal Reflux (GER) were investigated and subjected to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and esophageal biopsy (EB), gastroesophageal scintiscanning (GS) and 24 hour ambulatory pH monitoring. ...
Mahaffey Kenneth W - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Myocardial (re)infarction (MI), a common trial end point, can be difficult to identify because of inconclusive signs and symptoms. We examined disagreement between investigator and clinical events committee (CEC) reporting of MIs in an international, randomized trial. METHODS: The primary end point of the PARAGON-B trial was a 30-day ...
van der Meij E H - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In 1978, a clinical definition of OLP was formulated by the WHO. To date, the validation results of this clinical definition have not been published. The aim of this study was to evaluate interobserver and intraobserver variability in the clinical assessment of oral lichen planus (OLP). METHODS: Four clinicians ...
City of Kansas City, ...
Neighborhood Assessment Report conducted as part of FOCUS (Forging Our Comprehensive Urban Strategy), Kansas City's Comprehensive and Strategic Plan
City of Kansas City, ...
Neighborhood Assessment Report conducted as part of FOCUS (Forging Our Comprehensive Urban Strategy), Kansas City's Comprehensive and Strategic Plan
City of Kansas City, ...
Neighborhood Assessment Report conducted as part of FOCUS (Forging Our Comprehensive Urban Strategy), Kansas City's Comprehensive and Strategic Plan
City of Kansas City, ...
Neighborhood Assessment Report conducted as part of FOCUS (Forging Our Comprehensive Urban Strategy), Kansas City's Comprehensive and Strategic Plan
City of Kansas City, ...
Neighborhood Assessment Report conducted as part of FOCUS (Forging Our Comprehensive Urban Strategy), Kansas City's Comprehensive and Strategic Plan
City of Kansas City, ...
Neighborhood Assessment Report conducted as part of FOCUS (Forging Our Comprehensive Urban Strategy), Kansas City's Comprehensive and Strategic Plan
City of Kansas City, ...
Neighborhood Assessment Report conducted as part of FOCUS (Forging Our Comprehensive Urban Strategy), Kansas City's Comprehensive and Strategic Plan
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