Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 862
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Gallivan Steve - - 2005
When trying to assess surgical outcomes at a particular centre, it is important to take account of case mix in terms of the types of operation performed. This is because those centres that undertake a disproportionately high number of complex operations might well be expected to have higher mortality rates ...
Gong Yun - - 2005
Accurate determination of HER-2 status is important in the management of patients with breast cancer, especially in determining their eligibility for trastuzumab therapy. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) has been regarded as the gold standard method for detecting HER-2 gene amplification. Recently, chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH), in which HER-2 ...
Fulmer Terry - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Elder neglect accounts for over 70% of all adult protective services reports in the nation annually, and it has been estimated that there are over 70,000 new cases each year. The purpose of this study was to conduct elder neglect research in the emergency department (ED), using a dyadic ...
Card Claire - - 2005
Morphologic assessment of spermatozoa is one of the most objective measures in a Breeding Soundness Examination of a stallion. There are different systems for morphologic assessment of spermatozoa. The objectives of this article are to review spermatogenesis, describe clinical sample preparation, discuss previous methods of morphologic classification and explain the ...
Coggon David - - 2005
Optimal case definition is important in epidemiological research, but can be problematic when no satisfactory gold standard is available. In particular, difficulties arise where the pathology underlying a disorder is unknown or cannot be reliably diagnosed. This problem can be overcome if diagnoses are viewed not necessarily as labels for ...
Wagner Dieter - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Validated or standardized self-report questionnaires used in research studies and clinical evaluation of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) generally focus on the assessment of fatigue. There are relatively few published questionnaires that evaluate case defining and other accompanying symptoms in CFS. This paper introduces the self-report CDC CFS Symptom Inventory ...
Bradley A J - - 2005
AIM: To evaluate whether uroradiographers trained to do so can interpret intravenous urograms as accurately as radiology specialist registrars (SpRs). METHODS: A total of 150 consecutive IVU examinations were prospectively assessed. The preliminary reporter (a uroradiographer, or an SpR in years 1 to 4) wrote a provisional report on each, ...
Diemont W L - - 2005
The case report on cotrimoxazole-induced pancreatitis by Versleijen et al. deals with the assessment of the probability that cotrimoxazole induced the acute pancreatitis: a causality assessment. In this editorial, we comment on this assessment from a clinical, pharmacological and epidemiological perspective. Moreover, the consequences of the results of the assessment ...
Loring Pequita - - 2005
An accurate and reproducible assay method for determining HER2 status is crucial, as a positive HER2 gene status is an eligibility requirement for Herceptintrade mark therapy. Although immunohistochemical (IHC) assessment is both practical and inexpensive, a worrying trend of high false-positive rates has been reported. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) ...
Moss S M - - 2005
The current UK quality assurance guidelines for radiologists in the NHS breast screening programme require those reporting screening mammograms to read a minimum of 5000 cases per year. We aimed to review the evidence for this and to assess whether there was justification for lowering the required level. A literature ...
Gomà-i-Freixanet Montserrat - - 2005
One way of validating questionnaire responses is correlating them with ratings made by external assessors who know the ratee well: This is known as consensual validity. In this study, we assessed the consensual validity of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ; Zuckerman, 2002; Zuckerman, Kuhlman, Joireman, Teta, & Kraft, 1993). A ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2005
CONTEXT: Expert opinion is often used as a gold standard for gynecologic cytology in the evaluation of new technologies, in the legal setting, and in the validation of cases for use in educational programs and proficiency testing. However, the reliability of expert opinion alone in selecting slides of a specific ...
Hussein Mahmoud R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and touch imprint cytology (TIC) in the evaluation of azoospermia. STUDY DESIGN: FNAC, TIC and open testicular biopsy (OTB) were used to evaluate 31 azoospermic men. RESULTS: OTB revealed normal spermatogenesis (10), spermatogenic arrest (12), Sertoli cell only syndrome ...
Jia Yuting - - 2005
A theory for assessing the statistical significance of structure alignment is developed using a random or Gaussian chain model. In this model, we consider the statistical distribution of the root mean square distance (rmsd) of the alignment between two random chains of equal length and common center of mass (referred ...
Rieder H L - - 2005
SETTING: Forty-two laboratories in four countries. OBJECTIVE: To determine the number of sputum smear examinations required to identify one additional case of tuberculosis from a third serial diagnostic smear or one additional treatment failure from a second serial follow-up smear. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Country-specific prevalence of new cases and failures ...
Kontzoglou Konstantinos - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Liquid-based cytology processing of breast fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens has been used in our institution since 1999. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of liquid-based cytology (Thin-Prep(R)) in the evaluation of breast FNA specimens. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was carried out on 352 cases ...
King Caroline - - 2005
Since the publication of the case definition for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in 1988 the diagnostic criteria have been revised twice in the U.S. None of the case definitions were derived empirically. As a result, there is concern regarding the sensitivity, specificity, and reliability of the criteria. The goal of ...
Schindler A - - 2005
Supracricoid laryngectomy (SCL) is an efficient surgical procedure for the treatment of selected laryngeal carcinoma, presently being performed not only in Europe but also in North America. The functional goals of the technique are voice and swallowing without a permanent tracheostoma. Perceptual and acoustic voice characteristics after SCL have been ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2005
CONTEXT: Both conventional and ThinPrep Papanicolaou smears with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions that are frequently missed are known to have relatively few abnormal cells. Whether this is also true of cases of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion is not known. OBJECTIVE: To compare the cytologic features of cases of low-grade squamous ...
Jain Amita - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an in-house dot-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for confirmation of clinically suspected cases of tuberculous lymphadenitis (TBLN). STUDY DESIGN: The study was performed at the postgraduate departments of microbiology and pathology of a tertiary-care teaching hospital in India. Suspected cases of TBLN were prospectively enrolled. Fine needle aspiration ...
Crisanti Annette S - - 2005
Self-reports are prone to response error even in the most structured and standardized environment, but the highly stigmatizing nature of illegal behavior and the possible cognitive problems inherent to the SPMI population increase the likelihood of such error. Using administrative data as the gold standard, the validity of self-reported arrests ...
Williams John E - - 2004
There are eight commercially available computer-based test interpretations (CBTIs) for the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2), of which few have been empirically evaluated. Prospective users of these programs have little scientific data to guide choice of a program. This study compared ratings of these eight CBTIs. Test users were randomly ...
Brown Laura B - - 2004
The purpose of this article is to review the literature on the ability of individuals with dementia to drive an automobile. Based on a review of the literature, several factors were identified that may be useful in differentiating between people with dementia who presently remain safe drivers from those who ...
Wass Val - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The long case has been gradually replaced by the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) as a summative assessment of clinical skills. Its demise occurred against a paucity of psychometric research. This article reviews the current status of the long case, appraising its strengths and weaknesses as an assessment tool. ...
Holden Norman E - - 2004
This paper reviews the scientific literature for new measurements of both non-neutron and neutron nuclear data. Some of the highlights of this review are the following items. There was a withdrawal of a previous claim for discovery of element 118. There have been new measurements of some isotopic abundance values ...
Sampatanukul Pichet - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In awareness of possible false negative cervical Papanicolaou tests in routine service, the authors developed and tested a new scheme that would be a practical adjunct in quality assurance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of a weekly rescreen of 10% of the total cervical Papanicolaou smears as a quality ...
Henderson Sheryl - - 2004
The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a standardized method of rapid review (RR) of monolayer preparations for the identification of abnormalities, the presence of an endocervical component and infectious agents. A total of 200 ThinPrep (Cytyc, Boxborough, MA) slides representing the spectrum of abnormalities commonly ...
Stevens Mark W - - 2004
Location-guided screening is a feature of the AutoPap primary screening software. Areas of the smear most likely to contain an abnormality are identified for prompt review by the cytotechnologist, thereby facilitating diagnostic accuracy and reducing laboratory workload. A two-armed retrospective study comprising 6,000 conventional smears was undertaken to compare this ...
Savranlar Ahmet - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is more sensitive than chest X-ray (CXR) in the depiction of parenchymal abnormalities. We aimed to present and compare CXR and HRCT findings in coal workers with and without early and low-grade coal worker's pneumoconiosis (CWP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 71 coal workers were enrolled in ...
Kirwan J M - - 2004
The aims of this study were to review the diagnostic pathway of women with smears reported as 'glandular neoplasia' and to outline the management, colposcopy findings, treatment and final histological diagnosis in these women. The design was a retrospective review. A total of 114 women were identified over a 5-year ...
Chaubal Nitin - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To review the sonographic appearance of aortoarteritis. METHODS: A pictorial review of cases is presented. RESULTS: Sonography in conjunction with color and pulsed Doppler imaging is a valuable tool in the evaluation of aortoarteritis. We can accurately diagnose, grade, and follow the progress of the disease. The response to ...
Garber Mathew C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the concordance of self-report measures of medication adherence (interview, diary, or questionnaire) with nonself-report measures of adherence (administrative claims, pill count or canister weight, plasma drug concentration, electronic monitors, or clinical opinion). METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify published ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2004
CONTEXT: Conventional Papanicolaou (Pap) test slides of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs) that are frequently misdiagnosed are known to have relatively few dysplastic cells. Whether this is true of cases of HSIL in ThinPrep Pap Test specimens is not known. OBJECTIVE: To determine if cases of HSIL in ThinPrep specimens ...
Creyghton W M - - 2004
Gynaecomastia can be detected in between one-third and two-thirds of men. A wide variety of causes of gynaecomastia, some physiological, some very serious, have been identified. We present a case in which the cause of the gynaecomastia seemed obvious after history taking and physical examination but we finally ended up ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Blinded review has been endorsed by several cytology and pathology organizations as the most appropriate method for the review of cervicovaginal specimens in the context of litigation. Methods for determining the statistical validity of this method were evaluated. METHODS: First, the authors calculated the sample size needed to detect ...
Hillier J C - - 2004
AIM: To determine the accuracy of trainees reporting computed tomography (CT) examinations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Over a 6-month period a single consultant reviewed all the CT examinations reported by registrars in one radiology department. After recording a provisional registrar report each examination was jointly reviewed by the consultant and registrar. ...
Ishizuka Yasuo - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Blood (1 --> 3)-beta-D-glucan (betaG) measurement is widely used as an effective sero-diagnostic method for deep-seated mycosis. Antitumor betaG (lentinan, schizophyllan) administration is known as one of the false-positive factors of blood betaG measurement. To understand the influence of administered betaG preparation to betaG measurement in blood, we compared ...
Menon Anita - - 2004
This study identified, using a comprehensive review of the literature, 62 standardized and nonstandardized assessment tools that exist to evaluate unilateral spatial neglect (USN). Each standardized tool was critically appraised according to its purpose (hemispace assessed), psychometric properties, and client appropriateness. The findings on the 28 standardized tools were compiled ...
Flanagan Priti S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Clinical indicators are tools that assess quality issues related to the use of medicines. At this time, validated clinical indicators for preventable drug-related morbidity (PDRM) are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity and reliability of using population administrative claims data to identify the extent of PDRM in older adults ...
Kelly William N - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Case reports of adverse drug events (ADEs) are an important source of information. OBJECTIVE: To determine what variables are reported in ADE case reports, how causality was assessed for each report, and what criteria are specified for publishing ADE case reports. METHODS: A descriptive analysis of highly significant ADE ...
Edwards A J - - 2003
AIM: To determine whether reporting plain films at faster rates lead to a deterioration in accuracy. METHODS: Fourteen consultant radiologists were asked to report a total of 90 radiographs in three sets of 30. They reported the first set at the rate they would report normally and the subsequent two ...
Woody George E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Assess the validity of medical products reporting program (MEDWatch) reports of abuse/dependence and withdrawal associated with Ultram (tramadol). METHODS: Reports of possible abuse/dependence or withdrawal associated with Ultram during 13 quarters following launch were spontaneously reported to the manufacturer Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical (OMP) and also solicited from 255 NIDA grantees ...
Ratelle Sylvie - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Reporting of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) from private providers could be incomplete because of time and staff constraints, lack of knowledge of reporting requirements and of case definitions. Reporting burden can be alleviated with the use of administrative data. GOAL: The goal of this study was to determine the ...
Wong W N - - 2003
To compare the diagnostic accuracy of emergency department (ED) physicians with the World Health Organization (WHO) case definition in a large community-based SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) cohort. This was a cohort study of all patients from Hong Kong's Amoy Garden complex who presented to an ED SARS screening clinic ...
Ayata Gamze - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the application of a probabilistic/categorical approach for reporting breast fine needle aspiration (FNA) and its dependence on the cytopathologist's level of experience. STUDY DESIGN: All breast surgical specimens that had preoperative breast FNA at our institution during a 3-year period were identified. The cytologic results were reported ...
Trotter Martin J - - 2003
CONTEXT: Slide review has been advocated as a means to reduce diagnostic error in surgical pathology and is considered an important component of a total quality assurance program. Blinded review is an unbiased method of error detection, and this approach may be used to determine the diagnostic discrepancy rates in ...
Sprock June - - 2003
This study examined interrater reliability and ratings of confidence and clinical utility (professional communication, case conceptualization, treatment planning) of categorical and dimensional approaches to diagnosing prototypic and nonprototypic personality disorder cases. Two national samples of psychologists (n = 93, n = 92) participated. Interrater reliability was higher for prototypic cases ...
Weisman Michael H - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare the relative attributes (reliability, ease of use, applicability, and relevance) of different assessment tools for economic analyses as they pertain to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) literature. METHODS: An expert panel, comprising rheumatology researchers and clinicians, operationalized 2 economic appraisal instruments and applied them to 11 articles ...
Khalifa Mahmoud A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed patient records in our tertiary care teaching hospital to assess the value of the mandatory slide review policy in gynecologic oncology with emphasis on completeness of reports. METHODS: Cases reviewed between October 2001 to September 2002 were studied. Clinical information was gathered from discussions at the weekly ...
Logani Sanjay - - 2003
Histologic criteria of low-grade vulvar/vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN1/VAIN1) are well established; however, a significant interobserver variability in diagnosing VIN1/VAIN1 has been reported. The goal of this study was to evaluate the utility of MIB-1 immunostaining as an adjunct test to increase the diagnostic accuracy in equivocal cases of VIN1/VAIN1. The ...
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