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Results 351 - 400 of 605
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Woehlck Harvey - - 2004
Mesenteric traction may be necessary for surgical exposure during colonic or aortic surgery. Traction on the mesentery releases prostacyclin, producing variable degrees of hypotension. Numerous cases of severe, life-threatening hypotension have been reported. The published literature suggests that treatment of severe hypotension from mesenteric traction with routine doses of vasoconstrictors ...
Sivanandan Ranjiv - - 2004
Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in childhood, the majority of which are of the embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ER) variety. Present day treatment protocols involve a combination of aggressive surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the larynx is rare and unlike ER of other regions exhibits excellent ...
Kinuya Seigo - - 2004
We experienced a case with Graves' disease in which radioiodine treatment failed probably because of intentional spitting out of capsules of radioactive iodide. Chemical analysis of the substances collected from the trash in the treatment room demonstrated that its profile was the same as that of the capsules for radioiodine ...
O'Dwyer J J - - 2004
This paper describes the orthodontic treatment of 2 cases that were presented by the winner of the William Houston Medal of the MOrth of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh at the June 2003 diet of the examination. The cases were also successful presented for the British Orthodontic Society ...
Bandow Grace D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Narrow-Band radiation (NB-UVB) is a relatively new treatment modality for psoriasis and many practitioners may be unaware of its effectiveness and applications. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to review the literature and compare NB-UVB to both broad-band ultraviolet B radiation (BB-UVB) and psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation ...
Joshua A M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Both preclinical data and case reports support the use of taxanes for high-risk metastatic choriocarcinoma. CASE: We report the case of a 31-year-old with metastatic choriocarcinoma who required 3rd-line treatment with a paclitaxel-cisplatin-based regimen. She achieved a complete response and remains relapse-free 21 months after her last dose of ...
Planer David - - 2004
We present a case of a 21-year-old woman suffering from diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who developed acute anterior uveitis shortly after completing chemotherapeutic course with HYPER-CVAD protocol (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and dexamethasone) alternating with methotrexate and high-dose cytosine-arabinoside (HIDAC), with poor adherence to recommended prophylactic treatment with saline eye drops. ...
Chandra D - - 2004
This report describes a case of fatal haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) developing in a child with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) during induction chemotherapy. The aetiology in this case is uncertain but it may have resulted from treatment with L-asparaginase or vincristine. The possibility of HUS during induction chemotherapy for ALL ...
Tasca Razvan Alexandru - - 2004
A case of a seven-week-old baby who presented with a capillary haemangioma of the nasal cavity is presented. We describe a novel treatment modality and provide a literature review of head and neck capillary haemangioma in the paediatric population. Capillary haemangioma of the nasal cavity and our treatment option has ...
Smith Richard J H - - 2004
Lymphatic malformations are rare forms of vascular anomalies. They are most frequently diagnosed at birth and most often occur in the head and neck area. Their treatment continues to be challenging, and treatment methods continue to evolve. In this article, the embryology of the lymphatic system is reviewed, and the ...
Castillo Ivan G - - 2004
PURPOSE: To report a new treatment for acquired periodic alternating nystagmus in which medical therapy with baclofen was not tolerated. DESIGN: Interventional case report and literature review. INTERVENTION: Simultaneous adjustable bilateral retroequatorial horizontal rectus muscle recessions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Ocular alignment and ocular motility recordings. RESULTS: A 30-year-old man had ...
Pandya Mayur - - 2004
Prompt identification of cases of Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS) pose a diagnostic and treatment challenge. Three hospital cases of neuroleptic toxicity were reviewed and compared across five published diagnostic criteria sets for NMS. Of these criteria sets, only Levenson's criteria led to the detection of NMS in two out of ...
Charfi Fatma - - 2004
We report the case of a 17-year-old-boy with schizophrenia who developed tardive dystonia after 9 months of treatment with olanzapine. This case and the relevant literature show that when neuroleptic treatment is indicated, switching to another atypical neuroleptic might be helpful for both tardive dystonia and schizophrenia. In such a ...
Lin Timothy J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report 2 cases of the uncommonly seen diagnosis of psychogenic intractable sneezing, to review the clinical presentation, workup, and various previous treatment modalities, and to present a unique method of treatment. DATA SOURCES: The literature was reviewed using a MEDLINE search of the following keywords: psychogenic intractable sneezing, ...
Abgueguen P - - 2003
Presented here is an outbreak of nine cases of type B botulism that occurred in France in 2000 followed by a review of the relevant literature. The outbreak resulted from the consumption of home-canned asparagus and required the intubation of six patients. Despite complications, all patients recovered completely. Specific antitoxin ...
Kobayashi Shigeto - - 2003
Pranlukast is a cysteinyl leukotriene receptor I antagonist (LTRAs) approved for treatment of asthma in Japan since 1995. Compared to other LTRAs, such as zafilukast and montelukast, only few cases with Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) have been reported in association with treatment with pranlukast. We describe a 17-year-old Japanese male patient ...
Feeney G F X - - 2003
In May 2002 Buprenorphine (Subutex) was listed on the Australian Pharmaceutical Benefits Schedule for treatment in opioid dependence. In addition to broadening treatment options, buprenorphine has the advantage of an improved safety profile. The risk of overdose is lessened but other risks remain due to diversion. French experience reports widespread ...
Ayers K M S - - 2003
This case report describes a simple treatment used to correct an anterior crossbite in a child with autism. A review of autism and the treatment of simple anterior crossbite are given. It is possible for children with special needs to be managed in the general practice setting, although treatment plans ...
Ryu Jeong-Seon - - 2003
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by adenovirus is a rare event in healthy adults, especially in non- military settings. Although treatment with intravenous ribavirin has been reported, supportive care, including mechanical ventilation, is known to be the main stay in the treatment of ARDS caused by adenovirus, with high-dose ...
Leelahanon Sonthakit - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Chylothorax is a rare but serious condition with a high rate of morbidity that may lead to death. It may be spontaneous or a complication of cardiac surgery. Treatment of this potentially harmful condition is not well established and may comprise dietary interventions. In order to avoid surgery, somatostatin ...
Hunt Jeremy A JA Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, 75246. - - 2003
The wide variety of craniofacial malformations makes classification difficult. A simple classification system allows an overview of the current understanding of the causes, assessments, and treatments of the most frequently encountered craniofacial anomalies. Facial clefts and encephaloceles are reviewed with respect to their diverse causes, pathogenesis, anatomical features, and treatments. ...
Suzuki Yasuhiro - - 2003
Three cases of subclavian steal syndrome were detected by duplex Doppler ultrasonography. Ultrasonography demonstrated retrograde flow with to-and-fro pattern in the right vertebral artery in two cases, and reflux with diastolic flow deceleration in one case. Interventional treatment with stenting was successfully performed in two cases and conservative treatment was ...
Ercan Eyüp Sabri - - 2003
This case report presents a severe case of anorexia nervosa in a 15-year-old female adolescent. The patient suffered from extreme weight loss and agitation that required hospitalization in the Intensive Care Unit. The initial treatment consisted of fluoxetine management. Marked improvements, both in weight and psychological adjustment, were observed with ...
Efron Philip A - - 2003
Sand aspiration is a rare but life-threatening event that occurs in the pediatric and adult populations after cave-ins or near drownings. We report the case of a 10-year-old boy who suffered from aspiration of particulate matter after being buried in sand. In addition, we performed a literature review regarding similar ...
Green James A - - 2003
Beginning with Freud and briefly reviewing some contemporary approaches to the treatment of gay men, this paper explores theoretical attempts to understand and explain homosexuality. The author finds covert and not-so-covert remnants of pathologizing in most theoretical approaches that contribute to the phenomenon of being hidden even in psychoanalysis. Further, ...
Tvaryanas Anthony P - - 2003
An aviator presented with visual changes which proved to be chorioretinitis due to toxoplasmosis. The evaluation, treatment, and aeromedical disposition of this pilot are discussed.
Morris D O - - 2003
This paper describes the clinical orthodontic treatment of the three cases that were awarded the 1999 Forestadent Young Specialist Prize. There are two Class II division 1 cases treated by different treatment modalities and a Class II division 2 case complicated by a palatally ectopic maxillary canine. These case reports ...
Keiser Paul B - - 2003
Treatment of neurocysticercosis with larvicidal agents is commonly complicated by seizures and transient neurologic deficits as a result of the host immune response to dying cysts. We report a case in which treatment with high-dose praziquantel resulted in prolonged perilesional edema requiring use of corticosteroids and corticosteroid-sparing agents for >1 ...
Newnham Helen - - 2003
This article examines the right of pregnant women to determine what will happen to their own bodies and whether their right to autonomy is absolute when refusing treatment which may be consider in their best interests and/or their fetuses'. A theoretical framework is used supported by relevant legal cases to ...
Alam Murad - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nonablative laser and light treatments have largely replaced ablative laser therapy in clinical use for the improvement of the visible signs of cutaneous photoaging, including rhytides, vascular lesions, and pigmentation. However, the mechanisms underlying the reported clinical efficacy of nonablative treatments are not well-understood. The purpose of ...
Rhoden Ernani Luis - - 2003
The past several years have witnessed a veritable revolution in our understanding and management of erectile dysfunction. Although surgical implants in the form of penile prostheses continue to be an important part of treatment of end-stage cases, the largest change has been brought about by the introduction of oral medications, ...
Donahue Thomas - - 2003
To describe a unique method of evaluation and a conservative management plan for patients with shoulder dysfunction of mechanical origin. Possible causes for this clinical presentation and a brief review of the literature are offered. In the 3 cases described here, symptoms included acute shoulder pain, limitation of movement, positive ...
Dionisio P - - 2003
The persistence of a left superior vena cava is the result of a lack of an embryological involution of the left anterior cardinal vein. This anomaly is very rare: about 0.3% of the general population. Its incidence increases remarkably from 3-10% in those patients affected with congenital heart disease. Described ...
Xarchas K C - - 2002
A rare case of osteoblastoma of the carpal scaphoid is presented. Review of the literature revealed two more cases that have been previously reported. The authors present the diagnostic difficulties and the treatment which was applied: proximal row carpectomy and tendon transfers for wrist stabilization. Treatment options, according to the ...
Sattar S Pirzada - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of improvement in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after adjunctive therapy with quetiapine. CASE SUMMARY: A 49-year-old white man witnessed a traumatic event and experienced severe PTSD. He was started on paroxetine, with increases in dosage and no significant improvement. Quetiapine was added to his regimen, ...
Arbach Olga - - 2002
Churg-Strauss-Syndrome (CSS) often takes a mild course and is in many cases treated successfully by glucocorticosteroids (GC) alone. However, there are also several reports demonstrating the necessity of more intensive treatment in life threatening courses with cyclophosphamide and in less severe cases with other immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory drugs like azathioprine, ...
Telias Isaac Darwin - - 2002
This case report describes four cases of substance abusers with sexual dysfunction, three of them with erectile dysfunction, and the fourth with erectile dysfunction and ejaculatia praecox. They were treated with sildenafil and their condition improved. There is a need to examine more fully the problem of sexual dysfunction in ...
Albuquerque Felipe C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess how information acquired with three-dimensional angiography (3DA) affects the endovascular management of cerebral aneurysms. METHODS: The role of 3DA in 50 aneurysm cases was assessed with respect to five predetermined factors, i.e., whether 3DA facilitated treatment, modified the coil embolization technique, made treatment unnecessary or unjustified by ...
Rich Benedict - - 2002
New treatment modalities have expanded the choices available to prosthodontists and their patients. At the same time, an explosion of data has called into question the validity and efficacy of certain forms of traditional prosthodontic treatment. Together, these factors have greatly complicated the treatment-planning process. The purpose of this article ...
Stauch M - - 2002
The judgment handed down in the case of Ms B confirms the right of the competent patient to refuse medical treatment even if the result is death. The case does, however, raise some interesting legal points. The facility for conscientious objection by doctors has not previously been explicitly recognised in ...
Wu Ziqiang - - 2002
PURPOSE: We report our experience in treating two cases of Scedosporium apiospermum keratitis and provide a review of basic scientific and clinical data regarding the treatment of this visually devastating disease. METHOD: We present a case report and literature review. RESULTS: A 35-year-old woman and a 73-year-old man both reported ...
Harper Kenneth A - - 2002
Dental pain occurring whilst abroad may present the patient with a difficult decision: to try and bear it with self-medication until he/she returns home or to seek professional help. This case report outlines a Korean girl's attempt at self-treatment, which resulted in not one but two fragments of a sewing ...
Schiff Elad - - 2002
Persistent hiccups (singultus) is a rare but severely disabling disorder. The causes of persistent hiccups are numerous, as are the treatment options. However, none of the treatment modalities has proven to be effective by evidence-based criteria, and no treatment has been shown to be superior to another. Traditional acupuncture has ...
Catalano Glenn - - 2002
Quetiapine is a medication approved for the treatment of psychotic disorders in adults. At this time it is not approved for the treatment of children or adolescents. It is an atypical antipsychotic agent that is efficacious in treating both the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. There is currently little ...
Neff Brian - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Sarcomas of the skull base are challenging, potentially lethal tumors. Prognosis is considered poor. The present report reviews treatment options and presents a case of treatment with en bloc resection of the temporal bone and adjacent skull base. STUDY DESIGN: Single case report and literature review. RESULTS: Extensive skull ...
Nada R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is a leading cause of gastritis. Some of the histological changes revert after eradication of H. pylori. There is paucity of reports from India. AIM: To study the effect of H. pylori eradication on the histopathological changes. METHODS: Endoscopically obtained antral biopsies from 164 consecutive H. pylori ...
Yoon H R - - 2001
Three Korean girls with ethylmalonic encephalopathy, the first Asian cases, were identified. In all three cases, we observed slight improvement in motor functions, cognitive behaviours and chronic mucoid diarrhoea after treatment with riboflavin and/or coenzyme Q10 treatment. The precise pathogenesis of ethylmalonic encephalopathy has not been fully elucidated, but riboflavin ...
Noreau G - - 2001
Vascular malformations of the jaws can lead to disastrous complications, but there seems to be no consensus as to their treatment. The literature presents the pathophysiology and clinical aspects of these lesions, as well as the divergent views of the authors. Treatment by catheterization and embolization, with direct transosseous injection ...
Thoma J L - - 2001
Psychogenic polydipsia is recognized as a dangerous and potentially life threatening disorder. Few studies have focused on the treatment of polydipsia presenting in the outpatient setting. A review of the behavioral treatment literature pertaining to psychogenic polydipsia is presented. This review is followed by a case illustration of an outpatient ...
Codère François - - 2001
The authors place autosomal dominant oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy in a historical perspective, look at the genealogy involved, and review the genetic studies. In addition to summarizing what happens at the histopathological level, they examine the clinical characteristics of this late-onset dystrophy. Based on this knowledge, they try to present their ...
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