Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 577
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Kim Yunie - - 2008
Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) have been defined as a heterogeneous range of psychological reactions, psychiatric symptoms and behaviours that may be unsafe, disruptive and impair the care of a patient in a given environment. To date, there are no US FDA-approved drugs or clear standards of pharmacological ...
Fishel Daniel L W - - 2007
The incorporation of miniscrews into orthodontic treatment planning has allowed for predictable control of anchorage and has increased the ability to correct severe skeletal discrepancy with nonsurgical orthodontics. It is the goal of this article to review the terminology, design, placement, and activation of miniscrews, as well as the advantages ...
Ali Tauseef - - 2007
Fluoroquinolone antibiotics are widely employed in treating infectious diseases. Lately, reports of either hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia have appeared in the medical literature. Many patients are elderly and have underlying diabetes and renal insufficiency. Of these antibiotics, dysglycemia occurs more frequently with gatifloxacin (Tequin). While hypoglycemia usually occurs within the first ...
Hussain Sabiha M - - 2007
Hyponatremia is a common and potentially serious electrolyte disorder, most often caused by excessive arginine vasopressin (AVP) secretion. Conventional management of hyponatremia is based on graded steps starting from water restriction in mild cases to administration of saline in symptomatic cases, which may not be effective. A major new approach ...
Pozez Andrea L - - 2007
Uncommon wounds present unique challenges to plastic surgeons and other wound care providers in regard to their presentation, recognition, and ultimate treatment. This article presents an overview of diagnosis and actual case treatment of unusual wounds, a review of the literature, and case studies of interest. A systematic approach to ...
Mofikoya Bolaji O - - 2007
AIM: The treatment of keloid and hypertrophic scars remains a challenging clinical problem despite numerous proposed therapies reported in the literature. This is due to the fact that the mechanisms that bring about keloid/hypertrophic scars are not completely understood. This article reviews the pertinent literature regarding the pathophysiology and management ...
Bonini Stefano - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the present review is to provide an overview on the clinical features of vernal keratoconjunctivitis on the basis of cases series presented in the literature. Furthermore, a new grading system of vernal keratoconjunctivitis based on the severity of the disease is proposed. Different treatment ...
Birmingham C L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report the case of a 38-year-old woman with anorexia nervosa (AN) who chose to use an alternative (Zen) therapy instead of conventional treatment and to review the literature on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for AN. METHOD: Case report and review of the literature using PubMed. RESULTS: A ...
Nordstrom Benjamin R - - 2007
Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in the United States. Despite the fact that there are large numbers of people with cannabis dependence, relatively little attention has been paid to the treatment of this condition. This article seeks to critically review the existing literature about the various psychosocial ...
Lazaridou M N - - 2007
This is a report of a middle-aged male with blepharochalasis, who was successfully treated with oral acetazolamide. To our knowledge, this is the first case in the literature reporting the benefits of the use of acetazolamide in the treatment of blepharochalasis.
Goldwater Paul N - - 2007
Over a quarter century after the discovery of verocytotoxin and the first report by Karmali and colleagues of cases of postdiarrheal hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) caused by verotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC), otherwise known as Shiga-toxigenic E. coli (STEC), successful treatment of these infections has remained elusive. This is because the ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2007
Both the diagnosis and treatment regimens for the Chiari I malformation (CIM) are varied and controversial. The present paper analyzes the literature regarding this form of hindbrain herniation in regard to definition, anatomy, pathobiology, symptoms, findings, treatment, and outcomes. Appropriate literature germane to the CIM is reviewed and discussed. There ...
Srinivasan Sheila - - 2007
Paroxysmal autonomic instability with dystonia, an under-recognized and poorly understood phenomenon of episodic central dysautonomia is associated with various cerebral insults. Treatment options include benzodiazepines, opioids, and gabapentin. Using an illustrative case, we discuss presentation, pathomechanisms, and management of this condition.
Tahrani A A - - 2007
The development of Grave's ophthalmopathy (GO) following radioiodine (RI) treatment for Grave's thyrotoxicosis, though controversial, is well described. The development of ophthalmopathy following RI treatment for toxic nodular goitre is much less recognised. We report a 49 year-old female patient who developed thyrotoxicosis and GO after receiving RI treatment for ...
Compton Aaron K - - 2007
Granular parakeratosis is a condition presenting with hyperkeratotic plaques and papules that are confined to intertriginous body sites. The exact etiology is unknown, but chemical and mechanical irritation and a moist environment are potential factors. Numerous treatments have been attempted, yielding variable results. We present a case of axillary granular ...
McLean Catherine A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) classically presents with 1 or more genital ulcers or papules, as well as inguinal lymphadenopathy (buboes). Recently reported cases of LGV proctitis in men who have sex with men, many of whom are coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), have highlighted the importance of optimal clinical ...
Schulte-Baukloh Heinrich - - 2007
Botulinum neurotoxins are increasingly used in treatment for hyperactive detrusor and sphincter function. Although reported results are promising, conditions in some patients are refractory. We report what we believe to be the first urologic case of therapy failure possibly induced by botulinum toxin antibodies after just one injection and discuss ...
Gregoriou Stamatis - - 2007
Pityriasis rubra pillaris is an uncommon idiopathic dermatosis considered both a keratinization and an inflammatory disorder. Treatment is largely based on the information presented in case reports. We report the case of a young man with pityriasis rubra pillaris limited to the scalp and face, which cleared completely after application ...
Ambrocio Deryll U - - 2007
Eosinophilic fasciitis (EF) is a rare connective tissue disorder characterized by symmetrical sclerodermatous skin changes primarily affecting the extremities and histologically, by thickening of the fascia with chronic inflammatory infiltrate containing eosinophils. EF is associated with peripheral eosinophilia, hypergammaglobulinemia, and an elevated ESR. Reported is a case of EF in ...
Bonifaz A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Actinomycetoma is a chronic occupational condition that occurs frequently in tropical regions. In Mexico 85% of cases are caused by Nocardia brasiliensis. There are two treatments of choice for these cases: a regimen of dapsone plus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (co-trimoxazole) and, recently, amikacin, either alone or combined. However, not all cases ...
Kako Yuki - - 2007
Concerning medical treatments for adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD), case reports have gradually been accumulating on the efficacy of psychostimulants such as methylphenidate and amphetamine and selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors such as atomoxetine. However, patients intolerant to psychostimulants currently have a very limited range of treatments available to them. Here, we ...
Kim Ji Yeon - - 2007
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been reported to be useful in treating non-melanoma skin cancers and a variety of benign skin conditions including psoriasis. However, only two reports of palmoplantar pustular psoriasis (PPP) treated with PDT have been reported. We treated three intractable cases of PPP with PDT, using 20% 5-aminolaevulinic ...
Meissner M - - 2007
Sodium thiosulphate has been used in medicine for almost 100 years. There are some very important areas of application such as cyanide intoxications or the treatment of cisplatin toxicity. Till this day, this compound is almost unknown to most physicians. This is astonishing, especially because there are some promising reports ...
Schirmer Clemens M - - 2007
The term "papilledema" indicates swelling of the optic discs secondary to increased intracranial pressure. Papilledema can be caused by an intracranial mass lesion or by other factors. Visual symptoms frequently accompany papilledema, which can lead to permanent visual loss if left untreated. Starting with an illustrative case, the authors review ...
Lobreiro J - - 2007
Treatments for infertility in bulls are not described in homeopathic literature. A few treatments, such as changing the protein content of the diet, giving extra minerals, etc have been proposed. This case report describes homeopathic treatment for infertility in a prize bull. A Nelore bull, considered infertile for 3 years, ...
Arneja Jugpal S - - 2007
A case of fulminant dissecting cellulitis of the scalp in a fifteen-year-old African American male is reported. The presentation was refractory to standard medical treatment such that treatment required radical subgaleal excision of the entire hair-bearing scalp. Reconstruction was in the form of split-thickness skin grafting at the level of ...
Goldsmith Paul - - 2007
Primary pleural myxoid liposarcoma is a rare entity and no agreed treatment options have been formulated once diagnosis has been made. We report two cases with subsequent management and make recommendations for treatment pathways in these rare cases.
Wu Chinchun C School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei Veterans General Hospital; Taipei, Taiwan - - - 2006
Central neurocytoma is defined as an intraventricular benign brain tumor. Extraventricular location of central neurocytoma is rare: only nine cases of spinal neurocytoma had been reported in the English literature. We hereby present a case of atypical neurocytoma involving unusual long segments (8-segment) of cervico-thoracic spinal cord in a 29-year-old ...
Kirsch B M - - 2006
Hemodialysis patients develop metabolic acidosis due to their impaired excretion of daily produced protons (H+). The following report will show a rare case of severe metabolic alkalosis (predialysis pH 7.52, base excess (BE) +17) in a hemodialysis woman caused by self-provoked upper gastrointestinal H+ losses based on an eating disorder. ...
Osthoff M - - 2006
Candida endophthalmitis accounts for the majority of fungal endophthalmitis. Despite its clinical relevance there are no controlled trials on different treatment regimens. We report a case of endogenous endophthalmitis caused by azole-resistant Candida albicans following abdominal surgery in an otherwise healthy woman, and review the literature concerning treatment recommendations. In ...
Rajpar S F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Lentigo maligna (LM) is treated to prevent progression to lentigo maligna melanoma (LMM). Surgery remains the treatment of choice, although topical immunotherapy with imiquimod has recently become a popular alternative. OBJECTIVES: In this review, we have analysed the published literature relating to the use of imiquimod for LM, in ...
Briec F - - 2006
A causal relationship between treatment with tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) at therapeutic doses and cases of dilated cardiomyopathy has been suspected, but not definitely evidenced. We present a case of a dilated cardiomyopathy, which seemed idiopathic, but occurred during treatment with imipramine and recovered after its withdrawal. For the first recorded ...
Boyd Robert L - - 2006
This report reviews the orthodontic treatment of six different patients who received removable aligners. These cases include correction of deep overbite, open bite, mild-to-moderate crowding, large overjet, cases requiring premolar extractions, the presence of multiple restorations, and cases requiring periodontal-restorative treatments, the improved periodontal status with aligners compared to fixed ...
Matheis Patricia - - 2006
Gefitinib (Iressa), an epidermal growth factor inhibitor approved for treatment of advanced nonsmall cell lung carcinoma, is associated with an acneiform distributed folliculitis. Treatment attempts for this folliculitis have been noted in the literature, but photodocumentation of results has not been reported. We report 3 consecutive cases of gefitinib-associated folliculitis ...
Carmel Brendan - - 2006
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) is a rarely reported condition of ferrets. This article reviews three cases of suspected EGE in ferrets, summarizes the presenting signs, differential diagnoses, and treatment options, and discusses some question raised by this disease in ferrets. Immune suppression by means of prednisolone therapy is currently the treatment ...
Rokadiya S - - 2006
A case of painful, initially bilateral, and then unilateral temporalis hypertrophy in a 33-year-old Caucasian woman is presented in a primary care setting; the aetiology of the hypertrophy was considered reactive in nature. Medical and supportive treatment was successful in providing symptomatic relief. Further treatment including an intramuscular botulinum injection ...
Ghandhi Dinaz - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate whether there were any significant differences in the mode of presentation, treatment, and outcome of patients presenting with a primary diagnosis of ameloblastoma in Glasgow, Scotland and San Francisco, CA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All cases of ameloblastoma seen in both institutions between January 1, 1980 and December ...
Del Rosso J - - 2006
Uncomplicated skin and skin-structure infections (uSSSIs) are common community-acquired infections which are often caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes, although other pathogens are often involved. A recent treatment algorithm has recommended the use of cephalosporins as an appropriate antibiotic therapy for uSSSIs and, in particular, highlighted cefdinir as an ...
Hanretta Allan T - - 2006
A 38-year-old woman with medication-resistant major depression and posttraumatic stress disorder was treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) concurrent with a duloxetine-olanzapine combination. The treatment resulted in complete resolution of major depression without any complications. This case report suggests that treatment with the combination of duloxetine and olanzapine concurrently with ECT ...
Ganger Laura K - - 2006
A common problem among aging women, salt and pepper facial hair poses a significant psychosocial impact as well as a challenge for treatment. Various laser therapies or topical eflornithine HCl 13.9% cream are commonly used to reduce the rate of hair growth. We report a case of a woman with ...
Silvestri Maurizio - - 2006
The authors present a case of prosthetic rehabilitation of the anterior maxilla. A correct esthetic diagnosis and the development of an appropriate treatment plan are key factors in predictable outcomes. Proper performance of different phases of the treatment plan and the use of appropriate materials guarantee esthetic and functional success. ...
Busbee Brandon G - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current publications that address either the incidence or treatment of endophthalmitis are reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: A large body of published research has recently addressed the issue of potential increases in the incidence of endophthalmitis, especially postcataract endophthalmitis. Additional studies have evaluated relatively new antibiotics and their ...
Mullis Ricky - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Auditing the interventions used in clinical trials to demonstrate that treatment protocols were adhered to and that discrete modalities were delivered, is essential in establishing internal validity. Pragmatic studies involving complex interventions provide a particular challenge. The value of case report forms which document individual treatment content relies upon ...
McClean Hugo - - 2006
A national audit of 781 early syphilis cases presenting during 2002-03 in UK genitourinary medicine clinics was conducted in late 2004, organized through the Regional Audit Groups. Data were aggregated by region and National Health Service trust, allowing practice to be compared between regions, between trusts within regions, as well ...
Fernández-Aranda Fernando - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Blindness has rarely been described in the eating disorder (ED) literature. In case reports in which this condition has been reported before an ED, it was concluded that visual body image was not essential for the development of the ED. This is the first report in which bulimia nervosa ...
Husid Marc S - - 2006
Cluster headache is one of the worst pain syndromes known to mankind. Medical treatment is highly effective in most cases, but because cluster headache is rare, many physicians are not familiar with the details of its management. This article reviews three common presentations of cluster headache to illustrate standard approaches ...
Nihalani Nikhil D - - 2006
This paper is a review article that collects and synthesizes up-to-date information about the complex etiological theories and treatment regimens associated with Fibromyalgia. The authors have written the paper in an evidence-based model in order to show the reader where adequate data exist in regards to these pharmacological, psychological, and ...
Whitaker Eugene J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This case report follows the 20-year clinical treatment of a patient at high risk of developing dental caries. The author describes the treatment of the primary and permanent dentitions. CASE DESCRIPTION: The author describes the use of primary, secondary and tertiary measures to treat caries in a high-risk patient. ...
Marseille Dana M - - 2006
Early recognition and treatment initiation are pivotal in managing Alzheimer's disease (AD). Once a diagnosis of AD is made, a treatment plan is developed and should include treatment initiation with cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) to improve cognition, management of comorbid conditions, and treat behavioral symptoms. Caregiver compliance is integral to AD ...
Hsieh Ming-Yu - - 2006
Stoma prolapse is a common complication of intestinal stoma. Although various surgical methods yield satisfactory results, nonsurgical treatment may be better for a temporary stoma. We report a case of a patient with a distal limb prolapse of a right transverse colostomy who received nonsurgical treatment with satisfactory results. For ...
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