Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 604
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Richason Tiffany P - - 2009
Although randomized trials and systematic reviews provide the "best evidence" for guiding medical practice, many emergency medicine journals still publish case reports (CRs). The quality of the reporting in these publications has not been assessed. In this study we sought to determine the proportion of treatment-related case reports that adequately ...
Kim Hui-Jung - - 2009
We report a rare case of patient with dermatomyositis (DM) who developed spontaneous pneumomediastinum (PnM) and subcutaneous emphysema. She was successfully treated with oral prednisolone and cyclosporine A (CsA). We reviewed the cases of PnM in patients with DM treated with CsA. A review of four previously reported cases revealed ...
Marek Daniel J - - 2009
We present the first reported treatment failure of a reconstructed scapula body that proceeded to nonunion. This is a unique case report of an otherwise healthy patient who underwent open reduction and internal fixation of a scapula fracture nonunion, which is very rare. Failure of internal fixation in this application ...
Suh Byungse - - 2010
A case of bacteremia caused by Pediococcus acidilactici occurring in a patient with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder is described. The bacteremia persisted despite an antimicrobial regimen of vancomycin, ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, and caspofungin. Within 36 h of switching the vancomycin to daptomycin (6 mg/kg per day), the bacteremia resolved and ...
Attila Tan - - 2008
Duodenal varices are uncommon causes of gastrointestinal bleeding. In the literature, treatment of duodenal variceal bleeding is limited to case reports and case series. Treatment options are endoscopic, interventional radiologic and surgical modalities. In this article, we presented a case of a successful duodenal variceal bleeding treatment with transjugular intrahepatic ...
Harel Zeev - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecologic complaint among adolescent and young adult females. Dysmenorrhea is usually primary and is associated with normal ovulatory cycles and with no pelvic pathology. In approximately 10% of females with severe dysmenorrhea symptoms, pelvic abnormalities such as endometriosis or uterine anomalies may be found. ...
Florescu Diana F - - 2009
This report describes the first case of cerebral aspergillosis in a heart transplantation patient caused by Aspergillus ustus and reviews 15 previously reported cases of invasive aspergillosis in immunocompromised hosts caused by this mold. The utility of molecular analysis for the identification of unusual fungal pathogens is also described. The ...
Jenkins, Andrea
This paper will examine treatment options and decision making in bovine dystocia management, within the context of a clinical case. The evaulation of the patient and diagnosis and treatment of uterine torsion will be discussed followed by a progression through treatment decisions. The decision of when an assisted vaginal delivery ...
Kendall A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Mycotic rhinitis is an uncommon disease in horses with a wide range of clinical signs and treatment options based on case studies of a single or only a few individuals. Moreover, while dogs with mycotic rhinitis appear to respond well to treatment with topical enilconazole, this approach has yet ...
Kendall A - - 2008
Background: Mycotic rhinitis is an uncommon disease in horses with a wide range of clinical signs and treatment options based on case studies of a single or only a few individuals. Moreover, while dogs with mycotic rhinitis appear to respond well to treatment with topical enilconazole, this approach has yet ...
Pak Jane - - 2008
Mucorales species are deadly opportunistic fungi with a rapidly invasive nature. A rare disease, mucormycosis is most commonly reported in patients with diabetes mellitus, because the favorable carbohydrate-rich environment allows the Mucorales fungi to flourish, especially in the setting of ketoacidosis. However, case reports over the past 20 years show ...
Gealh Walter Cristiano - - 2009
The term myiasis is applied to the injurious action that larvae of certain diptera cause to the organism of vertebrate animals in the living or dead tissue in which they grow. Because of its great destructive potential, appropriate and preventative treatment are necessary. Among the sites of infestation, the human ...
Woolley S L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We report an adult case of cystic lymphangioma treated with OK-432 (Picibanil). METHOD: A case report and review of the literature concerning the use of OK-432 to treat cystic lymphangioma is presented. RESULTS: A 31-year-old woman developed a cystic lymphangioma four weeks post-partum. This was treated initially by aspiration, ...
Kakooza-Mwesige Angelina - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that catatonia is an important source of impairment in adolescents and adults with autism. AIM: Review of the evaluation, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment of catatonia in autism. METHOD: Presentation and discussion of a case-vignette spanning early childhood to adulthood. RESULTS: Autistic and catatonic symptoms ...
Szlauer R - - 2008
Men perceive a bloody ejaculate as an alarming physical symptom and often seek the help of urologists for explanation and treatment. After a complete urological step-by-step examination including imaging studies and flexible cystoscopy, malignancy or another significant disease can be ruled out in the majority of cases. However, many of ...
Ahdout Jennifer - - 2008
Acitretin is a second generation retinoid used in the treatment of psoriasis. It has shown particular efficacy in the treatment of pustular or erythrodermic psoriasis. A case of a patient who was being treated for plaque psoriasis with acitretin, who subsequently developed erythrodermic psoriasis is reported. The patient's erythroderma promptly ...
Auty Harriet - - 2008
Horses kept for recreational riding purposes by a wildlife tourism company in a heavily tsetse fly-infested region of north-western Tanzania were systematically monitored to investigate the occurrence, presentation and management of tsetse-transmitted trypanosomosis. During a 23-month period, 18 clinical cases were diagnosed (Trypanosoma brucei or Trypanosoma congolense were identified) and ...
Woolery-Lloyd Heather - - 2008
Hyperhidrosis is a psychosocially embarrassing condition with a treatment history of varied success, including topical application of antiperspirants with aluminum salts (e.g., Drysol), oral anticholinergics, iontophoresis, and endoscopic transthoracic sympathectomy. The use of botulinum toxin type A (Botox) in humans for the treatment of hyperhidrosis didn't emerge until 1996. Botulinum ...
Muratori F - - 2008
A series of 8 cases of elastofibroma is reported, and the clinical, pathological and imaging features and different therapeutic modalities are reviewed. On this basis, we suggest an algorithm for the diagnosis and treatment of elastofibroma. Briefly, marginal excision is the treatment of choice in symptomatic patients, while followup appears ...
Bargagli Elana - - 2008
Omalizumab is a new anti-IgE treatment for severe-persistent allergic asthma. In this case presentation, we report the clinical features of a patient with Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) diagnosed after five months of omalizumab treatment. Administration of anti-IgE quickly improved asthma symptoms and enabled the gradual reduction and suspension of systemic steroids. ...
Wilson Rachel - - 2008
A small number of patients with angiosarcoma present each year, even fewer of whom have their primary origin site in the lungs. As such, specific treatments are not well defined for this tumor type. We report that the combination of gemcitabine and docetaxel may be an effective regimen for the ...
Glass G E - - 2009
Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) has been used therapeutically for the treatment of spastic disorders for many years. More recently, the therapeutic utility of BTX-A in the treatment of hyperhidrosis has been recognised. While studies have reported on the efficacy of BTX-A in managing hyperhidrosis, long term data are required ...
Sanchez-Politta S - - 2008
Bortezomib (Velcad) is a proteasome inhibitor recently developed and mainly used for the treatment of multiple myeloma. Bortezomib represents a novel class of drugs functioning as proteasome inhibitors. Skin complications of bortezomib treatment are very frequent but poorly characterized. We describe the case of a patient who developed erythematous and ...
Garrido Ignacio Martínez - - 2008
Osteochondritis of the sesamoid bones is an infrequent condition which may affect both the medial and lateral hallux sesamoids. Those cases refractory to conservative treatment can be satisfactorily solved by carrying out its surgical excision. We present a literature review about its causes, pathophysiology, the diagnostic methods and the treatments ...
Hinds Ginette A - - 2008
Disseminate and recurrent infundibulofolliculitis (DRIF) is an uncommon pruritic follicular eruption of unknown etiology that is predominantly seen in black men. This condition tends to affect the trunk and upper extremities and is usually unresponsive to local and systemic treatment. Recently, several investigators have reported successful treatment with isotretinoin. Herein, ...
Seidler V - - 2008
Ozone, an allotropic form of oxygen, is successfully used in the treatment of different diseases for more than a hundred years. It is highly valued for various effects, such as antimicrobial, antihypoxic, analgesic, immunostimulating etc. on biological systems. These mechanisms of action supported with a lot of case reports and ...
Ruggiero Salvatore L - - 2008
In 2003 and 2004, the first reports of patients who developed necrosis of the jawbones while taking biophosphonates appeared in literature; most patients were on this drug for treatment of cancer and some osteoporosis. Since then, more than 500 cases have been identified and the number of these cases continues ...
Kim Yunie - - 2008
Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) have been defined as a heterogeneous range of psychological reactions, psychiatric symptoms and behaviours that may be unsafe, disruptive and impair the care of a patient in a given environment. To date, there are no US FDA-approved drugs or clear standards of pharmacological ...
Fishel Daniel L W - - 2007
The incorporation of miniscrews into orthodontic treatment planning has allowed for predictable control of anchorage and has increased the ability to correct severe skeletal discrepancy with nonsurgical orthodontics. It is the goal of this article to review the terminology, design, placement, and activation of miniscrews, as well as the advantages ...
Ali Tauseef - - 2007
Fluoroquinolone antibiotics are widely employed in treating infectious diseases. Lately, reports of either hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia have appeared in the medical literature. Many patients are elderly and have underlying diabetes and renal insufficiency. Of these antibiotics, dysglycemia occurs more frequently with gatifloxacin (Tequin). While hypoglycemia usually occurs within the first ...
Hussain Sabiha M - - 2007
Hyponatremia is a common and potentially serious electrolyte disorder, most often caused by excessive arginine vasopressin (AVP) secretion. Conventional management of hyponatremia is based on graded steps starting from water restriction in mild cases to administration of saline in symptomatic cases, which may not be effective. A major new approach ...
Pozez Andrea L - - 2007
Uncommon wounds present unique challenges to plastic surgeons and other wound care providers in regard to their presentation, recognition, and ultimate treatment. This article presents an overview of diagnosis and actual case treatment of unusual wounds, a review of the literature, and case studies of interest. A systematic approach to ...
Mofikoya Bolaji O - - 2007
AIM: The treatment of keloid and hypertrophic scars remains a challenging clinical problem despite numerous proposed therapies reported in the literature. This is due to the fact that the mechanisms that bring about keloid/hypertrophic scars are not completely understood. This article reviews the pertinent literature regarding the pathophysiology and management ...
Bonini Stefano - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the present review is to provide an overview on the clinical features of vernal keratoconjunctivitis on the basis of cases series presented in the literature. Furthermore, a new grading system of vernal keratoconjunctivitis based on the severity of the disease is proposed. Different treatment ...
Birmingham C L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report the case of a 38-year-old woman with anorexia nervosa (AN) who chose to use an alternative (Zen) therapy instead of conventional treatment and to review the literature on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for AN. METHOD: Case report and review of the literature using PubMed. RESULTS: A ...
Nordstrom Benjamin R - - 2007
Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in the United States. Despite the fact that there are large numbers of people with cannabis dependence, relatively little attention has been paid to the treatment of this condition. This article seeks to critically review the existing literature about the various psychosocial ...
Lazaridou M N - - 2007
This is a report of a middle-aged male with blepharochalasis, who was successfully treated with oral acetazolamide. To our knowledge, this is the first case in the literature reporting the benefits of the use of acetazolamide in the treatment of blepharochalasis.
Goldwater Paul N - - 2007
Over a quarter century after the discovery of verocytotoxin and the first report by Karmali and colleagues of cases of postdiarrheal hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) caused by verotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC), otherwise known as Shiga-toxigenic E. coli (STEC), successful treatment of these infections has remained elusive. This is because the ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2007
Both the diagnosis and treatment regimens for the Chiari I malformation (CIM) are varied and controversial. The present paper analyzes the literature regarding this form of hindbrain herniation in regard to definition, anatomy, pathobiology, symptoms, findings, treatment, and outcomes. Appropriate literature germane to the CIM is reviewed and discussed. There ...
Srinivasan Sheila - - 2007
Paroxysmal autonomic instability with dystonia, an under-recognized and poorly understood phenomenon of episodic central dysautonomia is associated with various cerebral insults. Treatment options include benzodiazepines, opioids, and gabapentin. Using an illustrative case, we discuss presentation, pathomechanisms, and management of this condition.
Tahrani A A - - 2007
The development of Grave's ophthalmopathy (GO) following radioiodine (RI) treatment for Grave's thyrotoxicosis, though controversial, is well described. The development of ophthalmopathy following RI treatment for toxic nodular goitre is much less recognised. We report a 49 year-old female patient who developed thyrotoxicosis and GO after receiving RI treatment for ...
Compton Aaron K - - 2007
Granular parakeratosis is a condition presenting with hyperkeratotic plaques and papules that are confined to intertriginous body sites. The exact etiology is unknown, but chemical and mechanical irritation and a moist environment are potential factors. Numerous treatments have been attempted, yielding variable results. We present a case of axillary granular ...
McLean Catherine A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) classically presents with 1 or more genital ulcers or papules, as well as inguinal lymphadenopathy (buboes). Recently reported cases of LGV proctitis in men who have sex with men, many of whom are coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), have highlighted the importance of optimal clinical ...
Schulte-Baukloh Heinrich - - 2007
Botulinum neurotoxins are increasingly used in treatment for hyperactive detrusor and sphincter function. Although reported results are promising, conditions in some patients are refractory. We report what we believe to be the first urologic case of therapy failure possibly induced by botulinum toxin antibodies after just one injection and discuss ...
Gregoriou Stamatis - - 2007
Pityriasis rubra pillaris is an uncommon idiopathic dermatosis considered both a keratinization and an inflammatory disorder. Treatment is largely based on the information presented in case reports. We report the case of a young man with pityriasis rubra pillaris limited to the scalp and face, which cleared completely after application ...
Ambrocio Deryll U - - 2007
Eosinophilic fasciitis (EF) is a rare connective tissue disorder characterized by symmetrical sclerodermatous skin changes primarily affecting the extremities and histologically, by thickening of the fascia with chronic inflammatory infiltrate containing eosinophils. EF is associated with peripheral eosinophilia, hypergammaglobulinemia, and an elevated ESR. Reported is a case of EF in ...
Bonifaz A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Actinomycetoma is a chronic occupational condition that occurs frequently in tropical regions. In Mexico 85% of cases are caused by Nocardia brasiliensis. There are two treatments of choice for these cases: a regimen of dapsone plus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (co-trimoxazole) and, recently, amikacin, either alone or combined. However, not all cases ...
Kako Yuki - - 2007
Concerning medical treatments for adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD), case reports have gradually been accumulating on the efficacy of psychostimulants such as methylphenidate and amphetamine and selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors such as atomoxetine. However, patients intolerant to psychostimulants currently have a very limited range of treatments available to them. Here, we ...
Kim Ji Yeon - - 2007
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been reported to be useful in treating non-melanoma skin cancers and a variety of benign skin conditions including psoriasis. However, only two reports of palmoplantar pustular psoriasis (PPP) treated with PDT have been reported. We treated three intractable cases of PPP with PDT, using 20% 5-aminolaevulinic ...
Meissner M - - 2007
Sodium thiosulphate has been used in medicine for almost 100 years. There are some very important areas of application such as cyanide intoxications or the treatment of cisplatin toxicity. Till this day, this compound is almost unknown to most physicians. This is astonishing, especially because there are some promising reports ...
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