Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 594
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Seed Sheila M - - 2009
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and the leading cause of disability in the United States, especially among older adults. Treatment options have primarily focused on alleviating the pain often associated with this condition. Acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often employed for relief of ...
Jung Seunguk S Department of Neurology, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, - - 2009
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is a hereditary neurological disorder affecting the nervous system and adrenal cortex. The phenotype of X-ALD ranges from the rapidly progressive cerebral form to milder adrenomyeloneuropathy. However, cerebellar manifestations are rare. We report a case of adrenoleukodystrophy presenting as progressive cerebellar dysfunction resembling olivopontocerebellar degeneration, with a ...
Shrivastava Sandeep - - 2009
Tibial hemimelia is a rare condition. We present a variant of tibial hemimelia not reported in literature before. In this variant, we were able to successfully salvage the limb with excellent function to carry on with life.
Nuhu A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Penile entrapment and subsequent strangulation is a serious injury that requires a prompt treatment to avoid gangrene. OBJECTIVE: We report our experience dealing with a case of penile gangrene following strangulation by a metallic nut in a middle aged Nigerian. METHODS: We summarise the case history, physical findings, investigations ...
Gay Victoria - - 2009
A thorough review of current and classic literature was completed to distinguish the influence of bedrest or ambulation on patient treatment outcomes with confirmed deep vein thrombosis.
Channell Millicent King - - 2009
Although the definitions and possible treatments of posttraumatic headache have been discussed in the literature, treatment of this condition is not standardized. In addition, though various reviews and case studies have supported the use of spinal manipulation in the treatment of tension-type headaches and migraines, few describe the use of ...
Darsow U - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of atopic dermatitis (AD) is made using evaluated clinical criteria. Management of AD must consider the symptomatic variability of the disease. METHODS: EADV eczema task force developed its guideline for atopic dermatitis diagnosis and treatment based on literature review and repeated consenting group discussions. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: ...
Basaran Mustafa - - 2009
Imperforate hymen, with an incidence between 0.1% and 0.05%, is the most common obstructive congenital abnormality of the female genital tract. 'Standard' surgical treatment of imperforate hymen involves hymenectomy after a cruciate, plus, or X-shaped hymenotomy incision. Two cases with imperforate hymen treated with a simple vertical incision are presented. ...
Tremblay Martin R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence suggesting that blocking aberrant Hedgehog (Hh) signaling can be a novel therapeutic avenue for the treatment of cancer. During the past decade, efforts from academic and industrial groups have led to the discovery of a variety of Hh pathway inhibitors. OBJECTIVE: This review covers the ...
Fukazawa Hodaka - - 2009
To describe three cases of mirror foot and to develop a new classification of the mirror feet with an emphasis on their treatment. Surgical treatment was performed on three patients with mirror foot. Mirror feet in the English literature were surveyed and cases found in PubMed as well as our ...
Taylor Susan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) commonly occurs in Fitzpatrick skin types III to VI and can have a considerable impact on quality of life. The majority of cases will improve spontaneously, but this can take months or even years to resolve and in some cases can be permanent. Treatment may be ...
Kataria P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of lymphangioma circumscriptum of the tongue, a very rare site of occurrence, which was successfully managed with intralesional bleomycin therapy. METHOD: We present a case report and review of available literature regarding lymphangioma circumscriptum of the tongue and the role of bleomycin therapy. RESULTS: The ...
Lawrentschuk Nathan - - 2009
We believe that active surveillance is the optimal choice for compliant men who are able to handle the mental burden of not receiving adjuvant treatment. This takes into consideration the fact that a small number of men with clinical stage I (CSI) seminoma on surveillance will recur but are salvageable ...
Rustemeyer Jan - - 2010
Increasing application of bisphosphonates for therapy of osteopathies has led to reports of the severe associated adverse effects of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ). We reviewed recent literature to assess several aspects of bisphosphonate-associated ONJ, and to provide healthcare professionals with an overview of treatment and preventive options. Literature databases ...
Qu B - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatic myelopathy (HM) is a rare neurological complication of chronic liver disease, causing progressive spastic paraparesis. Unlike hepatic encephalopathy, the conservative treatment of HM is usually considered inefficient. Although some scattered case studies have reported that the clinical symptoms and signs of patients with HM were improved ...
Summa A - - 2009
Cavernous malformations (CMs) are one of the four major types of vascular malformations of the central nervous system (CNS). Literature reports also term them cavernomas, cavernous angiomas, angiographically occult vascular malformations and cavernous hemangiomas.CMs are composed of well-circumscribed vascular channels containing blood at various stages of evolution and show a ...
Bruno Tony F - - 2009
Erythroderma is a potentially fatal dermatologic emergency that is often mistaken for infection. Indeed, the fact that it is difficult to diagnosis is the main contributor to its significant mortality rate, as treatment is readily available. We present a case of a 36-year-old man who was incorrectly diagnosed and treated ...
Montjoy Carol - - 2009
Malignant mesothelioma (MME) is an aggressive tumor of serosal surfaces resistant to current treatment options. MME is typically diagnosed in middle aged males exposed to asbestos in the workplace. However, MME is occasionally diagnosed at an earlier age without an obvious source of exposure. MME typically carries an average survival ...
Talati Sapan N - - 2009
Lithium is derived from the Greek word "lithia" which means "stone." Since its discovery by the Swedish chemist Arfedsson in the year 1817, it has been used for treatment of gout, hypertension, uremia, and rheumatism. Currently, lithium is the treatment of choice for the long-term control of mania and to ...
Layton Alison - - 2009
Systemic isotretinoin remains the most efficacious treatment for severe acne as well as many cases of more moderate disease that are unresponsive to other treatment modalities. The current chapter outlines the mechanisms behind the excellent efficacy, describes how to optimize treatment, reviews the recommended guidelines for monitoring and summarizes adverse ...
Janz David R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Since its original description in 1989, clinicians have documented many cases of acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP), but information regarding the appropriate timing of diagnostic testing and treatment continues to be lacking. As a cause of respiratory failure in relatively young individuals, AEP is one of the few diagnoses that ...
King Katherine - - 2009
Hansen disease, commonly known as leprosy, is uncommon in the United States and poses difficult diagnostic and treatment challenges. A 10-year-old girl was adopted from Ethiopia with a history of "multibacillary leprosy" and "multidrug treatment" for 12 months. Three months after her arrival in the United States and 4 months ...
Marker David R - - 2009
The Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) is used to evaluate the knowledge of residents and focuses on relevant information supported by current scientific literature. The purpose of this study was to assess the relevance of current literature as a study tool for the exam, especially for osteonecrosis-related material. A systematic review ...
Verma Sunil P - - 2009
A persistent buccopharyngeal membrane is a rare entity with 23 reported cases in the literature. Patients often present at birth in airway distress with diagnosis initially unrecognized. The otolaryngologist is frequently consulted in the delivery room to establish a secure airway after attempts at direct laryngoscopy are unsuccessful. Historically, definitive ...
Bomback Andrew S - - 2009
The treatment of membranous nephropathy (MN) remains controversial. Rituximab, which selectively targets B cells, has emerged as a possible alternative treatment option with limited toxicity. The available data on rituximab therapy for MN were reviewed using the MEDLINE database (inception to August 1, 2008), Google Scholar, and selected reference lists. ...
Lee Chan Jung - - 2009
Calyptella capula is reported for the first time in Korea. It was found in spring in Chungcheongbuk-do, central Korea, growing in a dead stalk of Sesamum indicum. A description and molecular phylogenetic analyses are reported.
Korda Joanna B - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) in women is associated with feelings of persistent, spontaneous, intrusive, unrelenting, and unwanted physical arousal in the absence of conscious thoughts of sexual desire or sexual interest. AIM: To report the case of a 49-year-old woman with lifelong PGAD who was recently prescribed varenicline ...
Motta M V - - 2009
AIM: A case is reported in which sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) was mistaken for anaesthetic solution and infiltrated into the buccal mucosa during routine root canal treatment. SUMMARY: A 1.5% sodium hypochlorite solution, kept in an anaesthetic cartridge, was inadvertently injected in the buccal mucosa of a 56-year-old female during routine ...
de Schipper J P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Boerhaave's syndrome is a spontaneous rupture of the oesophagus with a lack of diagnostic and treatment consistency in the literature. Therefore, we reviewed all published literature in order to design a treatment algorithm based on the literature. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature review written in the English language since ...
Mathez Christian - - 2009
Epinephrine autoinjector devices are used with increasing frequency to treat severe anaphylactic reactions. Accidental injection, usually involving a finger, is a potential complication. A physician in a Family Practice training program accidentally injected epinephrine into his left thumb while reading the operating instructions of an autoinjector (Epipen((R))). He developed swelling, ...
Privitera Giuseppe - - 2009
Medulloblastoma is a rare tumor in central nervous system, with an even rarer occurrence in adulthood. The management of a recurrent disease is a medical challenge; chemotherapy has been used as the treatment of choice, while reirradiation has been employed in selected cases. We report the case of a 51-year-old ...
Abern Michael R - - 2009
The purpose of our study was to outline the evaluation of the Peyronie's disease (PD) patient and review the available nonsurgical treatments. A review of the literature on oral, intralesional, external energy, iontophoresis, and mechanical therapies for PD was performed. PubMed was utilized to find all published articles, and several ...
Serratos Brittany Dusek - - 2009
Patients affected by pemphigus vulgaris will occasionally present with associated and characteristic nail changes. This manuscript was prepared as a review of this unique presentation of pemphigus. Articles describing pemphigus vulgaris of the nail were compiled and reviewed and pertinent information was extracted to provide a concise analysis. The literature ...
Shen Yu-Chih - - 2009
Rubral tremor is a rare movement disorder that occurs typically with midbrain damage. The main features of this tremor are its low frequency, irregular rhythm, presence at rest, and acceleration during posture and active movement. Antipsychotic agent-induced tremors are usually bilateral parkinsonian tremors. We found no previous reports of unilateral ...
Abdelkader Abdelrahman M - - 2009
Objective. There is an asymmetric allocation of technology and other resources for infertility services. Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a process of placing washed spermatozoa transcervically into the uterine cavity for treatment of infertility. This is a review of literature for the potential use of IUI as a basic infertility treatment ...
Patel Mit B - - 2009
Treatment options for patients with severe attrition resulting in reduced occlusal vertical dimension are often limited to fixed prosthesis to reestablish proper occlusal vertical dimension and functional occlusion. In some cases such as when there are limited finances, minimal esthetic concerns, and medical considerations fixed prosthesis may not be the ...
Thomas Anthony - - 2009
PURPOSE: This literature review is to evaluate current research articles pertinent to physical therapy treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Osteoarthritis of the knee is an increasingly common diagnosis, with a prognosis that can lead to loss in an individual's functional abilities. Literature on the subject of OA and ...
Ganjian Shahrouz - - 2009
Due to the ability of imiquimod (Aldara, 3M Pharmaceuticals) to rapidly and potently stimulate both innate and adaptive arms of the immune system, imiquimod has rapidly been recognized as a potential candidate for off-label use in over 60 conditions as presented in numerous case reports, letters, and small trials. It ...
Oristrell Joaquim - - 2009
We hereby describe the satisfactory evolution of rituximab treatment in two patients with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG). Rituximab was indicated for refractoriness to standard treatment in one case and life-threatening myelotoxicity due to alkylating agents in the other. A brief review of previous experience with the use of rituximab in the ...
Richason Tiffany P - - 2009
Although randomized trials and systematic reviews provide the "best evidence" for guiding medical practice, many emergency medicine journals still publish case reports (CRs). The quality of the reporting in these publications has not been assessed. In this study we sought to determine the proportion of treatment-related case reports that adequately ...
Andreiotelli Marina M Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Albert-Ludwigs University, Freiburg, Germany. - - 2009
In the present article, the advantages and disadvantages of three treatment options (clasp-retained removable partial dentures, tooth-supported telescopic retained partial dentures, and implant-supported/retained prostheses) are discussed. Furthermore the case of a 44-year-old woman with shortened and interrupted dental arches is presented. The treatment selected for the case is revealed, and ...
Kim Hui-Jung - - 2009
We report a rare case of patient with dermatomyositis (DM) who developed spontaneous pneumomediastinum (PnM) and subcutaneous emphysema. She was successfully treated with oral prednisolone and cyclosporine A (CsA). We reviewed the cases of PnM in patients with DM treated with CsA. A review of four previously reported cases revealed ...
Marek Daniel J - - 2009
We present the first reported treatment failure of a reconstructed scapula body that proceeded to nonunion. This is a unique case report of an otherwise healthy patient who underwent open reduction and internal fixation of a scapula fracture nonunion, which is very rare. Failure of internal fixation in this application ...
Suh Byungse - - 2010
A case of bacteremia caused by Pediococcus acidilactici occurring in a patient with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder is described. The bacteremia persisted despite an antimicrobial regimen of vancomycin, ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, and caspofungin. Within 36 h of switching the vancomycin to daptomycin (6 mg/kg per day), the bacteremia resolved and ...
Attila Tan - - 2008
Duodenal varices are uncommon causes of gastrointestinal bleeding. In the literature, treatment of duodenal variceal bleeding is limited to case reports and case series. Treatment options are endoscopic, interventional radiologic and surgical modalities. In this article, we presented a case of a successful duodenal variceal bleeding treatment with transjugular intrahepatic ...
Harel Zeev - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecologic complaint among adolescent and young adult females. Dysmenorrhea is usually primary and is associated with normal ovulatory cycles and with no pelvic pathology. In approximately 10% of females with severe dysmenorrhea symptoms, pelvic abnormalities such as endometriosis or uterine anomalies may be found. ...
Florescu Diana F - - 2009
This report describes the first case of cerebral aspergillosis in a heart transplantation patient caused by Aspergillus ustus and reviews 15 previously reported cases of invasive aspergillosis in immunocompromised hosts caused by this mold. The utility of molecular analysis for the identification of unusual fungal pathogens is also described. The ...
Jenkins, Andrea
This paper will examine treatment options and decision making in bovine dystocia management, within the context of a clinical case. The evaulation of the patient and diagnosis and treatment of uterine torsion will be discussed followed by a progression through treatment decisions. The decision of when an assisted vaginal delivery ...
Kendall A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Mycotic rhinitis is an uncommon disease in horses with a wide range of clinical signs and treatment options based on case studies of a single or only a few individuals. Moreover, while dogs with mycotic rhinitis appear to respond well to treatment with topical enilconazole, this approach has yet ...
Kendall A - - 2008
Background: Mycotic rhinitis is an uncommon disease in horses with a wide range of clinical signs and treatment options based on case studies of a single or only a few individuals. Moreover, while dogs with mycotic rhinitis appear to respond well to treatment with topical enilconazole, this approach has yet ...
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