Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 575
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Layton Alison - - 2009
Systemic isotretinoin remains the most efficacious treatment for severe acne as well as many cases of more moderate disease that are unresponsive to other treatment modalities. The current chapter outlines the mechanisms behind the excellent efficacy, describes how to optimize treatment, reviews the recommended guidelines for monitoring and summarizes adverse ...
Janz David R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Since its original description in 1989, clinicians have documented many cases of acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP), but information regarding the appropriate timing of diagnostic testing and treatment continues to be lacking. As a cause of respiratory failure in relatively young individuals, AEP is one of the few diagnoses that ...
King Katherine - - 2009
Hansen disease, commonly known as leprosy, is uncommon in the United States and poses difficult diagnostic and treatment challenges. A 10-year-old girl was adopted from Ethiopia with a history of "multibacillary leprosy" and "multidrug treatment" for 12 months. Three months after her arrival in the United States and 4 months ...
Marker David R - - 2009
The Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) is used to evaluate the knowledge of residents and focuses on relevant information supported by current scientific literature. The purpose of this study was to assess the relevance of current literature as a study tool for the exam, especially for osteonecrosis-related material. A systematic review ...
Verma Sunil P - - 2009
A persistent buccopharyngeal membrane is a rare entity with 23 reported cases in the literature. Patients often present at birth in airway distress with diagnosis initially unrecognized. The otolaryngologist is frequently consulted in the delivery room to establish a secure airway after attempts at direct laryngoscopy are unsuccessful. Historically, definitive ...
Bomback Andrew S - - 2009
The treatment of membranous nephropathy (MN) remains controversial. Rituximab, which selectively targets B cells, has emerged as a possible alternative treatment option with limited toxicity. The available data on rituximab therapy for MN were reviewed using the MEDLINE database (inception to August 1, 2008), Google Scholar, and selected reference lists. ...
Lee Chan Jung - - 2009
Calyptella capula is reported for the first time in Korea. It was found in spring in Chungcheongbuk-do, central Korea, growing in a dead stalk of Sesamum indicum. A description and molecular phylogenetic analyses are reported.
Korda Joanna B - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) in women is associated with feelings of persistent, spontaneous, intrusive, unrelenting, and unwanted physical arousal in the absence of conscious thoughts of sexual desire or sexual interest. AIM: To report the case of a 49-year-old woman with lifelong PGAD who was recently prescribed varenicline ...
Motta M V - - 2009
AIM: A case is reported in which sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) was mistaken for anaesthetic solution and infiltrated into the buccal mucosa during routine root canal treatment. SUMMARY: A 1.5% sodium hypochlorite solution, kept in an anaesthetic cartridge, was inadvertently injected in the buccal mucosa of a 56-year-old female during routine ...
de Schipper J P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Boerhaave's syndrome is a spontaneous rupture of the oesophagus with a lack of diagnostic and treatment consistency in the literature. Therefore, we reviewed all published literature in order to design a treatment algorithm based on the literature. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature review written in the English language since ...
Mathez Christian - - 2009
Epinephrine autoinjector devices are used with increasing frequency to treat severe anaphylactic reactions. Accidental injection, usually involving a finger, is a potential complication. A physician in a Family Practice training program accidentally injected epinephrine into his left thumb while reading the operating instructions of an autoinjector (Epipen((R))). He developed swelling, ...
Privitera Giuseppe - - 2009
Medulloblastoma is a rare tumor in central nervous system, with an even rarer occurrence in adulthood. The management of a recurrent disease is a medical challenge; chemotherapy has been used as the treatment of choice, while reirradiation has been employed in selected cases. We report the case of a 51-year-old ...
Abern Michael R - - 2009
The purpose of our study was to outline the evaluation of the Peyronie's disease (PD) patient and review the available nonsurgical treatments. A review of the literature on oral, intralesional, external energy, iontophoresis, and mechanical therapies for PD was performed. PubMed was utilized to find all published articles, and several ...
Serratos Brittany Dusek - - 2009
Patients affected by pemphigus vulgaris will occasionally present with associated and characteristic nail changes. This manuscript was prepared as a review of this unique presentation of pemphigus. Articles describing pemphigus vulgaris of the nail were compiled and reviewed and pertinent information was extracted to provide a concise analysis. The literature ...
Shen Yu-Chih - - 2009
Rubral tremor is a rare movement disorder that occurs typically with midbrain damage. The main features of this tremor are its low frequency, irregular rhythm, presence at rest, and acceleration during posture and active movement. Antipsychotic agent-induced tremors are usually bilateral parkinsonian tremors. We found no previous reports of unilateral ...
Abdelkader Abdelrahman M - - 2009
Objective. There is an asymmetric allocation of technology and other resources for infertility services. Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a process of placing washed spermatozoa transcervically into the uterine cavity for treatment of infertility. This is a review of literature for the potential use of IUI as a basic infertility treatment ...
Patel Mit B - - 2009
Treatment options for patients with severe attrition resulting in reduced occlusal vertical dimension are often limited to fixed prosthesis to reestablish proper occlusal vertical dimension and functional occlusion. In some cases such as when there are limited finances, minimal esthetic concerns, and medical considerations fixed prosthesis may not be the ...
Thomas Anthony - - 2009
PURPOSE: This literature review is to evaluate current research articles pertinent to physical therapy treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Osteoarthritis of the knee is an increasingly common diagnosis, with a prognosis that can lead to loss in an individual's functional abilities. Literature on the subject of OA and ...
Ganjian Shahrouz - - 2009
Due to the ability of imiquimod (Aldara, 3M Pharmaceuticals) to rapidly and potently stimulate both innate and adaptive arms of the immune system, imiquimod has rapidly been recognized as a potential candidate for off-label use in over 60 conditions as presented in numerous case reports, letters, and small trials. It ...
Oristrell Joaquim - - 2009
We hereby describe the satisfactory evolution of rituximab treatment in two patients with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG). Rituximab was indicated for refractoriness to standard treatment in one case and life-threatening myelotoxicity due to alkylating agents in the other. A brief review of previous experience with the use of rituximab in the ...
Richason Tiffany P - - 2009
Although randomized trials and systematic reviews provide the "best evidence" for guiding medical practice, many emergency medicine journals still publish case reports (CRs). The quality of the reporting in these publications has not been assessed. In this study we sought to determine the proportion of treatment-related case reports that adequately ...
Andreiotelli Marina M Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Albert-Ludwigs University, Freiburg, Germany. - - 2009
In the present article, the advantages and disadvantages of three treatment options (clasp-retained removable partial dentures, tooth-supported telescopic retained partial dentures, and implant-supported/retained prostheses) are discussed. Furthermore the case of a 44-year-old woman with shortened and interrupted dental arches is presented. The treatment selected for the case is revealed, and ...
Kim Hui-Jung - - 2009
We report a rare case of patient with dermatomyositis (DM) who developed spontaneous pneumomediastinum (PnM) and subcutaneous emphysema. She was successfully treated with oral prednisolone and cyclosporine A (CsA). We reviewed the cases of PnM in patients with DM treated with CsA. A review of four previously reported cases revealed ...
Marek Daniel J - - 2009
We present the first reported treatment failure of a reconstructed scapula body that proceeded to nonunion. This is a unique case report of an otherwise healthy patient who underwent open reduction and internal fixation of a scapula fracture nonunion, which is very rare. Failure of internal fixation in this application ...
Suh Byungse - - 2010
A case of bacteremia caused by Pediococcus acidilactici occurring in a patient with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder is described. The bacteremia persisted despite an antimicrobial regimen of vancomycin, ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, and caspofungin. Within 36 h of switching the vancomycin to daptomycin (6 mg/kg per day), the bacteremia resolved and ...
Attila Tan - - 2008
Duodenal varices are uncommon causes of gastrointestinal bleeding. In the literature, treatment of duodenal variceal bleeding is limited to case reports and case series. Treatment options are endoscopic, interventional radiologic and surgical modalities. In this article, we presented a case of a successful duodenal variceal bleeding treatment with transjugular intrahepatic ...
Harel Zeev - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecologic complaint among adolescent and young adult females. Dysmenorrhea is usually primary and is associated with normal ovulatory cycles and with no pelvic pathology. In approximately 10% of females with severe dysmenorrhea symptoms, pelvic abnormalities such as endometriosis or uterine anomalies may be found. ...
Florescu Diana F - - 2009
This report describes the first case of cerebral aspergillosis in a heart transplantation patient caused by Aspergillus ustus and reviews 15 previously reported cases of invasive aspergillosis in immunocompromised hosts caused by this mold. The utility of molecular analysis for the identification of unusual fungal pathogens is also described. The ...
Jenkins, Andrea
This paper will examine treatment options and decision making in bovine dystocia management, within the context of a clinical case. The evaulation of the patient and diagnosis and treatment of uterine torsion will be discussed followed by a progression through treatment decisions. The decision of when an assisted vaginal delivery ...
Kendall A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Mycotic rhinitis is an uncommon disease in horses with a wide range of clinical signs and treatment options based on case studies of a single or only a few individuals. Moreover, while dogs with mycotic rhinitis appear to respond well to treatment with topical enilconazole, this approach has yet ...
Kendall A - - 2008
Background: Mycotic rhinitis is an uncommon disease in horses with a wide range of clinical signs and treatment options based on case studies of a single or only a few individuals. Moreover, while dogs with mycotic rhinitis appear to respond well to treatment with topical enilconazole, this approach has yet ...
Pak Jane - - 2008
Mucorales species are deadly opportunistic fungi with a rapidly invasive nature. A rare disease, mucormycosis is most commonly reported in patients with diabetes mellitus, because the favorable carbohydrate-rich environment allows the Mucorales fungi to flourish, especially in the setting of ketoacidosis. However, case reports over the past 20 years show ...
Gealh Walter Cristiano - - 2009
The term myiasis is applied to the injurious action that larvae of certain diptera cause to the organism of vertebrate animals in the living or dead tissue in which they grow. Because of its great destructive potential, appropriate and preventative treatment are necessary. Among the sites of infestation, the human ...
Woolley S L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We report an adult case of cystic lymphangioma treated with OK-432 (Picibanil). METHOD: A case report and review of the literature concerning the use of OK-432 to treat cystic lymphangioma is presented. RESULTS: A 31-year-old woman developed a cystic lymphangioma four weeks post-partum. This was treated initially by aspiration, ...
Kakooza-Mwesige Angelina - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that catatonia is an important source of impairment in adolescents and adults with autism. AIM: Review of the evaluation, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment of catatonia in autism. METHOD: Presentation and discussion of a case-vignette spanning early childhood to adulthood. RESULTS: Autistic and catatonic symptoms ...
Szlauer R - - 2008
Men perceive a bloody ejaculate as an alarming physical symptom and often seek the help of urologists for explanation and treatment. After a complete urological step-by-step examination including imaging studies and flexible cystoscopy, malignancy or another significant disease can be ruled out in the majority of cases. However, many of ...
Ahdout Jennifer - - 2008
Acitretin is a second generation retinoid used in the treatment of psoriasis. It has shown particular efficacy in the treatment of pustular or erythrodermic psoriasis. A case of a patient who was being treated for plaque psoriasis with acitretin, who subsequently developed erythrodermic psoriasis is reported. The patient's erythroderma promptly ...
Auty Harriet - - 2008
Horses kept for recreational riding purposes by a wildlife tourism company in a heavily tsetse fly-infested region of north-western Tanzania were systematically monitored to investigate the occurrence, presentation and management of tsetse-transmitted trypanosomosis. During a 23-month period, 18 clinical cases were diagnosed (Trypanosoma brucei or Trypanosoma congolense were identified) and ...
Woolery-Lloyd Heather - - 2008
Hyperhidrosis is a psychosocially embarrassing condition with a treatment history of varied success, including topical application of antiperspirants with aluminum salts (e.g., Drysol), oral anticholinergics, iontophoresis, and endoscopic transthoracic sympathectomy. The use of botulinum toxin type A (Botox) in humans for the treatment of hyperhidrosis didn't emerge until 1996. Botulinum ...
Muratori F - - 2008
A series of 8 cases of elastofibroma is reported, and the clinical, pathological and imaging features and different therapeutic modalities are reviewed. On this basis, we suggest an algorithm for the diagnosis and treatment of elastofibroma. Briefly, marginal excision is the treatment of choice in symptomatic patients, while followup appears ...
Bargagli Elana - - 2008
Omalizumab is a new anti-IgE treatment for severe-persistent allergic asthma. In this case presentation, we report the clinical features of a patient with Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) diagnosed after five months of omalizumab treatment. Administration of anti-IgE quickly improved asthma symptoms and enabled the gradual reduction and suspension of systemic steroids. ...
Wilson Rachel - - 2008
A small number of patients with angiosarcoma present each year, even fewer of whom have their primary origin site in the lungs. As such, specific treatments are not well defined for this tumor type. We report that the combination of gemcitabine and docetaxel may be an effective regimen for the ...
Glass G E - - 2009
Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) has been used therapeutically for the treatment of spastic disorders for many years. More recently, the therapeutic utility of BTX-A in the treatment of hyperhidrosis has been recognised. While studies have reported on the efficacy of BTX-A in managing hyperhidrosis, long term data are required ...
Sanchez-Politta S - - 2008
Bortezomib (Velcad) is a proteasome inhibitor recently developed and mainly used for the treatment of multiple myeloma. Bortezomib represents a novel class of drugs functioning as proteasome inhibitors. Skin complications of bortezomib treatment are very frequent but poorly characterized. We describe the case of a patient who developed erythematous and ...
Garrido Ignacio Martínez - - 2008
Osteochondritis of the sesamoid bones is an infrequent condition which may affect both the medial and lateral hallux sesamoids. Those cases refractory to conservative treatment can be satisfactorily solved by carrying out its surgical excision. We present a literature review about its causes, pathophysiology, the diagnostic methods and the treatments ...
Hinds Ginette A - - 2008
Disseminate and recurrent infundibulofolliculitis (DRIF) is an uncommon pruritic follicular eruption of unknown etiology that is predominantly seen in black men. This condition tends to affect the trunk and upper extremities and is usually unresponsive to local and systemic treatment. Recently, several investigators have reported successful treatment with isotretinoin. Herein, ...
Seidler V - - 2008
Ozone, an allotropic form of oxygen, is successfully used in the treatment of different diseases for more than a hundred years. It is highly valued for various effects, such as antimicrobial, antihypoxic, analgesic, immunostimulating etc. on biological systems. These mechanisms of action supported with a lot of case reports and ...
Ruggiero Salvatore L - - 2008
In 2003 and 2004, the first reports of patients who developed necrosis of the jawbones while taking biophosphonates appeared in literature; most patients were on this drug for treatment of cancer and some osteoporosis. Since then, more than 500 cases have been identified and the number of these cases continues ...
Kim Yunie - - 2008
Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) have been defined as a heterogeneous range of psychological reactions, psychiatric symptoms and behaviours that may be unsafe, disruptive and impair the care of a patient in a given environment. To date, there are no US FDA-approved drugs or clear standards of pharmacological ...
Fishel Daniel L W - - 2007
The incorporation of miniscrews into orthodontic treatment planning has allowed for predictable control of anchorage and has increased the ability to correct severe skeletal discrepancy with nonsurgical orthodontics. It is the goal of this article to review the terminology, design, placement, and activation of miniscrews, as well as the advantages ...
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