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Grottke Oliver - - 2010
Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) is a haemostatic agent, which was originally developed for the treatment of haemophilia patients with inhibitors against factor FVIII or FIX. The efficacy of rFVIIa in preventing or stopping life-threatening bleeding for these patients has been demonstrated in several studies. Since the first report about ...
Qadir Rehana - - 2010
We report on an eighty five year old male who had presented with bradycardia and a prominent J wave on EKG. Initial attemps to treat bradycardia with atropine were unsuccessful and on further evaluation the patient was found to have hypothermia.
Mendhekar D N - - 2010
Occasional reports have documented treatment-emergent enuresis with medication regimens that include risperidone. In contrast to these reports, we present a 12-year-old girl with mild mental retardation and primary nocturnal enuresis who received risperidone (0.5 mg/day) for the isolated symptom of inappropriate smiling. Surprisingly, in addition to reduction in inappropriate smiling, ...
Thorn Allison R - - 2010
To review the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of postinfectious gastroparesis (PIGP). Review of literature using Medscape, the Internet, and PubMed. The following search terms were used: gastroparesis, postinfectious gastroparesis, postviral gastroparesis, and idiopathic gastroparesis. There was no limitation placed on publication year. Only articles in English were ...
Vasudev M K - - 2010
Giant axonal neuropathy (GAN) is a neurodegenerative disorder classified within the hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies, affecting both the peripheral and central nervous systems. GAN typically presents in early childhood before the age of five years and progresses to death usually by early adulthood. Various imaging findings in giant axonal ...
Cruise A S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To review the current literature on the use of sodium fluoride in the treatment of otosclerosis. DESIGN: A literature review was conducted, searching the Medline and PubMed database from 1966 to 2009, using the terms 'otosclerosis' and 'fluoride'. Article abstracts were reviewed and relevant full articles acquired. RESULTS: There ...
Yazdabadi Anosha - - 2010
Hirsutism is the excess of terminal hairs in females and can result in immense distress. Women often spend significant time and funds seeking permanent hair removal. Commercially available physical therapies have usually already been accessed before presenting to the clinician for treatment. We give a brief outline of physical therapies ...
Baltimore Robert S - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recently, recommendations from the American Heart Association regarding treatment of streptococcal tonsillo-pharyngitis were revised. This review provides the background for changes that were made in comparison with the group's 1995 recommendations. Recent papers on other issues relating to group A Streptococcus are also reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: For ...
Oni Georgette - - 2010
Angiokeratoma of the vulva is relatively rare with few cases reported in the literature. The lesions are usually asymptomatic, but clinical presentations can include bleeding and vulval pruritus. Treatments for symptomatic cases include surgical excision, cryotherapy and argon or carbon dioxide laser therapy. We present a case series of patients ...
Suárez-Amor Oscar - - 2010
Necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is an idiopathic chronic granulomatous skin condition. There is currently no standardized effective treatment of NL. Ulceration occurs in up to 35% of cases. Treatment of ulcerative lesions is challenging and often unsuccessful. On the basis of the implication of the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) on ...
Peces R - - 2010
Carbamazepine is used in the treatment of epilepsy, and also prescribed in neuralgic pain syndromes, and certain affective disorders. Carbamazepine intoxication with suicide attempt is a relatively common clinical problem that can result in coma, respiratory depression, arrhythmia, hemodynamic instability and death. The drug's relatively high molecular weight, elevated volume ...
Bornmann Lutz - - 2010
One of the most frequently raised criticisms of the review process for manuscripts is that the length of time between submission of a manuscript and the editorial decision is overly long. Taking the journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition as an example and based on nearly 2000 manuscripts, the present study ...
Yaari Shaul - - 2010
Severe thrombocytopenia as a complication of CMV infection in immune competent adults is uncommon with only a few cases reported in the literature. The mechanism of CMV-related thrombocytopenia is unclear, resulting in a wide range of treatments used. The use of the antiviral agent ganciclovir was reported in five cases, ...
Serby Michael J - - 2010
A 90-year-old woman who had received more than 100 electroconvulsive treatments (ECT) over many years requested another course for depression. After the third ECT, an electrocardiogram showed new T-wave inversion (V2-V6) and ST elevation (V2). Catheterization revealed severe left ventricular dysfunction but no coronary obstruction, leading to a diagnosis of ...
Elaimy Ameer L - - 2010
Approximately 5 million people in America are affected by essential tremors (ET), which are classified as a type of benign movement disorder. This disease manifests as tremors that usually occur in the hands, but they may also be present in the head, face, tongue, and lower limbs. Radiofrequency thalamotomy (RF) ...
El Muayed Malek - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of oleogranulomatous mastitis (paraffinoma) in which both the hypercalcemia and the inappropriately elevated 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] levels were successfully reduced by administration of prednisone. METHODS: We describe the clinical, imaging, and laboratory findings in the study patient. Furthermore, we review the relevant literature regarding hypercalcemia ...
Schroers Roland - - 2010
A 19-year-old woman presented with repeated episodes of haemoptysis and shortness of breath. Blood tests revealed iron deficiency anaemia and chest imaging studies showed bilateral lung opacities. In further laboratory tests and technical examination including bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial lung biopsy, pulmonary embolism, cardiac disease, and pulmonary vasculitis due to ...
Santos Andrade Elvis Henrique - - 2010
Prolactinomas are the commonest pituitary adenomas and the major pathological cause of hyperprolactinaemia. Symptomatic prolactinomas are treated mainly by dopamine agonists; surgery and radiotherapy are options for nonresponders. Schizophrenia treatment is based on antipsychotics, which acts mainly at serotonergic and dopaminergic systems. We report a case of a 39-year-old schizophrenic ...
Karabulut Ahmet - - 2010
Fracture, detachment and entrapment of coronary guidewires is seen infrequently. Different treatment strategies have been performed for such cases in medical literature. Here, we present three different cases of hydrophilic coated coronary guidewire non-metallic tip entrapment. Conservative management was preferred as the main strategy, with a practical approach to fix ...
Reddick C L - - 2010
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) and hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) are chronic inflammatory dermatoses that can be a challenge to treat. A role for TNF-alpha in their pathogenesis has been postulated in the literature. A therapeutic benefit of infliximab has been reported in recalcitrant cases of both conditions. To date, there is less ...
Saccomanni Bernardino - - 2010
Lateral epicondylitis or tennis elbow is a painful and functionally limiting entity affecting the upperextremity and is frequently treated by hand surgeons. Corticosteroid injection is one of the most common interventions for lateral epicondylitis or tennis elbow. Here, a review of the medical literature on this treatment is presented.
Jueckstock J K - - 2010
Up to 90% of pregnant women experience nausea and vomiting. When prolonged or severe, this is known as hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), which can, in individual cases, be life threatening. In this article the aetiology, diagnosis and treatment strategies will be presented based on a selective literature review. Treatment strategies range ...
Cloud Leslie J - - 2010
Dystonia is a neurological syndrome characterized by involuntary twisting movements and unnatural postures. It has many different manifestations and causes, and many different treatment options are available. These options include physical and occupational therapy, oral medications, intramuscular injection of botulinum toxins, and neurosurgical interventions. In this review, we first summarize ...
Kloppenborg Raoul P - - 2010
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a common but often asymptomatic disease, characterized by deposition of amyloid in cerebral blood vessels. We describe the successful treatment of CAA encephalopathy with dexamethasone in a patient with CAA-related inflammation causing subacute progressive encephalopathy and seizures, which is an increasingly recognized subtype of CAA. ...
Adi?en E - - 2010
Keratosis lichenoides chronica (KLC) is a rare disease, with approximately 70 cases reported in the literature. The problem in this long-lasting disease is generally the treatment, not the diagnosis. In the literature, many treatments failed to show any beneficial effect. We present a 20-year-old man with KLC that was successfully ...
Feigenberg Tomer - - 2009
The objective of the current report was to provide a summary of knowledge concerning the treatment of women with poor ovarian response with androgens and androgen modulating agents. This involved a review of the literature. The literature search was performed using PubMed. Information concerning the role of androgens and androgen ...
Tateya Ichiro - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Vocal nodules are generally caused by vocal abuse and conservative treatments such as voice therapy - mainly voice rest and medical management - are used as a first choice. However, as patients with vocal nodules often have voice-related occupations, voice rest and voice therapy are sometimes difficult ...
Wedenoja S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Congenital chloride diarrhoea in a newborn is a medical emergency, requiring early diagnostics and treatment to prevent severe dehydration and infant mortality. While most of the 250 cases reported arise from Finland, Poland and Arab countries, single cases with this autosomal recessive disorder appear worldwide. Such congenital chloride diarrhoea ...
Block Michael S - - 2009
This report reviewed the published data concerning different methods for vertical augmentation of the posterior mandible for implant placement. The main purpose was to compare and contrast the different treatment methods, with a more detailed review of the use of the interpositional osteotomy to vertically augment the posterior mandible. After ...
Rios Fernández R - - 2009
Rituximab is an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody targeting B cells, which has been used with success in a wide variety of autoimmune diseases. The experience with this drug in patients with inflammatory myopathies (IM), nonetheless, is still limited. We review the literature and highlight several aspects in relation to therapy with ...
Filippidis Aristotelis - - 2009
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare clinicopathological entity. The incidence of CVST in children and neonates has been reported to be as high as 7 cases per million people, whereas in adults the incidence is 3-4 cases per million. The predisposing factors to this condition are mainly genetic ...
Veilleux Jennifer C - - 2010
Opioid dependence is a problem of national concern, especially with dramatically increased rates of abuse and dependence of prescription opioids. The current article provides an up-to-date review of the literature on opioid dependence treatment, with a focus on conclusions drawn by experts in the field (e.g., Cochrane reviews and meta-analyses) ...
Adi┼čen E - - 2010
Palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) is a common chronic and recurrent pustular dermatosis characterized by multiple sterile pustules and erythematous plaques on the palms and soles. The exact cause and pathogenesis of the disease remain unknown, and there is still debate about whether PPP is a variant of psoriasis or a distinct ...
Papafragkou Sotirios - - 2012
Background: It is well known that hydrogen peroxide ingestion can cause gas embolism. Objective: To report a case illustrating that the definitive, most effective treatment for gas embolism is hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Case Report: We present a case of a woman who presented to the Emergency Department with acute abdominal ...
Seed Sheila M - - 2009
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and the leading cause of disability in the United States, especially among older adults. Treatment options have primarily focused on alleviating the pain often associated with this condition. Acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often employed for relief of ...
Shrivastava Sandeep - - 2009
Tibial hemimelia is a rare condition. We present a variant of tibial hemimelia not reported in literature before. In this variant, we were able to successfully salvage the limb with excellent function to carry on with life.
Nuhu A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Penile entrapment and subsequent strangulation is a serious injury that requires a prompt treatment to avoid gangrene. OBJECTIVE: We report our experience dealing with a case of penile gangrene following strangulation by a metallic nut in a middle aged Nigerian. METHODS: We summarise the case history, physical findings, investigations ...
Gay Victoria - - 2009
A thorough review of current and classic literature was completed to distinguish the influence of bedrest or ambulation on patient treatment outcomes with confirmed deep vein thrombosis.
Channell Millicent King - - 2009
Although the definitions and possible treatments of posttraumatic headache have been discussed in the literature, treatment of this condition is not standardized. In addition, though various reviews and case studies have supported the use of spinal manipulation in the treatment of tension-type headaches and migraines, few describe the use of ...
Darsow U - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of atopic dermatitis (AD) is made using evaluated clinical criteria. Management of AD must consider the symptomatic variability of the disease. METHODS: EADV eczema task force developed its guideline for atopic dermatitis diagnosis and treatment based on literature review and repeated consenting group discussions. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: ...
Basaran Mustafa - - 2009
Imperforate hymen, with an incidence between 0.1% and 0.05%, is the most common obstructive congenital abnormality of the female genital tract. 'Standard' surgical treatment of imperforate hymen involves hymenectomy after a cruciate, plus, or X-shaped hymenotomy incision. Two cases with imperforate hymen treated with a simple vertical incision are presented. ...
Tremblay Martin R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence suggesting that blocking aberrant Hedgehog (Hh) signaling can be a novel therapeutic avenue for the treatment of cancer. During the past decade, efforts from academic and industrial groups have led to the discovery of a variety of Hh pathway inhibitors. OBJECTIVE: This review covers the ...
Fukazawa Hodaka - - 2009
To describe three cases of mirror foot and to develop a new classification of the mirror feet with an emphasis on their treatment. Surgical treatment was performed on three patients with mirror foot. Mirror feet in the English literature were surveyed and cases found in PubMed as well as our ...
Taylor Susan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) commonly occurs in Fitzpatrick skin types III to VI and can have a considerable impact on quality of life. The majority of cases will improve spontaneously, but this can take months or even years to resolve and in some cases can be permanent. Treatment may be ...
Kataria P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of lymphangioma circumscriptum of the tongue, a very rare site of occurrence, which was successfully managed with intralesional bleomycin therapy. METHOD: We present a case report and review of available literature regarding lymphangioma circumscriptum of the tongue and the role of bleomycin therapy. RESULTS: The ...
Lawrentschuk Nathan - - 2009
We believe that active surveillance is the optimal choice for compliant men who are able to handle the mental burden of not receiving adjuvant treatment. This takes into consideration the fact that a small number of men with clinical stage I (CSI) seminoma on surveillance will recur but are salvageable ...
Rustemeyer Jan - - 2010
Increasing application of bisphosphonates for therapy of osteopathies has led to reports of the severe associated adverse effects of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ). We reviewed recent literature to assess several aspects of bisphosphonate-associated ONJ, and to provide healthcare professionals with an overview of treatment and preventive options. Literature databases ...
Qu B - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatic myelopathy (HM) is a rare neurological complication of chronic liver disease, causing progressive spastic paraparesis. Unlike hepatic encephalopathy, the conservative treatment of HM is usually considered inefficient. Although some scattered case studies have reported that the clinical symptoms and signs of patients with HM were improved ...
Summa A - - 2009
Cavernous malformations (CMs) are one of the four major types of vascular malformations of the central nervous system (CNS). Literature reports also term them cavernomas, cavernous angiomas, angiographically occult vascular malformations and cavernous hemangiomas.CMs are composed of well-circumscribed vascular channels containing blood at various stages of evolution and show a ...
Bruno Tony F - - 2009
Erythroderma is a potentially fatal dermatologic emergency that is often mistaken for infection. Indeed, the fact that it is difficult to diagnosis is the main contributor to its significant mortality rate, as treatment is readily available. We present a case of a 36-year-old man who was incorrectly diagnosed and treated ...
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