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Karagol Belma Saygili - - 2010
Congenital chylous ascites is a rare condition seen in the neonatal period and the data on pathogenesis and treatment modalities are limited. In this article, we report a case of neonate with chylous ascites and review the therapeutic management procedures on chylous ascites in childhood. We present our experience in ...
Li Sing Your - - 2010
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors such as adalimumab are increasingly used in the treatment of ocular inflammatory disease refractory to standard therapies. There is evidence that TNF inhibitors are associated with demyelinating neurologic events. The authors report a case of optic neuritis and multiple sclerosis developing in association with the ...
Singh Santosh K - - 2010
Xanthogranulomatous cystitis (XC) is a rare benign disease of unknown etiology. A case of XC in a 30-year-old male is presented due to sparcity of such case report in medical literature. Patient evaluation included clinical, biochemical and radiological studies before treatment. Histological study revealed the rare diagnosis. Patient was asymptomatic ...
Rodgers G C GC - - 2010
This article reviews the evidence supporting the efficacy of antidotes used or recommended for the potential chemical warfare agents of most concern. Chemical warfare agents considered include cyanide, vesicants, pulmonary irritants such as chlorine and phosgene, and nerve agents. The strength of evidence for most antidotes is weak, highlighting the ...
Rathi Narendra - - 2010
We report a case of herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis (HSE) in an 11-year-old boy who recovered with acyclovir therapy but developed relapse after 2 weeks. Choreoathetosis was the presenting feature of relapse. Response to antiinflammatory treatment was excellent. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case ...
Adebayo Ezekiel Taiwo - - 2011
Ameloblastoma is rare worldwide. Delayed treatment can result in significant morbidity from facial deformity and infiltration of adjacent tissues. Mortality can occur from invasion of vital structures in the head and neck, super infection, recurrent and even distant metastases. Recurrence after radical treatment is not common. This paper presents a ...
Senska G - - 2010
The treatment of MRSA (methocillin resistant staphylococcus aureus) colonized middle ear is difficult. According to the guidelines, a MRSA colonized Patient is not to be treated with systemic antibiotics. The topical treatment shows the problem of the ototoxicity of most of the used antiseptic as well as antibiotic substances. Selective ...
Zip Catherine M - - 2010
Metronidazole is a synthetic nitroimidazole derivative with antimicrobial and antiinflammatory properties. It was the first topical therapy approved solely for rosacea and remains a cornerstone of rosacea management. This article reviews the optimal use of topical metronidazole in the treatment of rosacea and other innovative but off-label dermatologic uses reported ...
Cakin-Memik Nursu - - 2010
Priapism is a persistent unwanted erection that is not associated with sexual desire or sexual stimulation. Immediate diagnosis and treatment are essential for priapism; otherwise, it causes ischemia of cavernous tissues, which will result in erectile dysfunction. In this paper, we report a 14-year-old male patient who presented with priapism ...
Jeyarajah Santhini - - 2010
PURPOSE: Proctalgia fugax (PF) is a benign anorectal condition which has been described in the literature since the nineteenth century commonly presenting to general surgeons. There is little high level evidence on the subject and its therapeutic modalities. We aimed through this systematic literature review to outline the definition and ...
Kirby William - - 2010
It is widely accepted that Q-switched lasers are the gold-standard treatment for the resolution of unwanted tattoo ink. Although much safer than other tattoo removal modalities, the treatment of tattoo ink with Q-switched devices may be associated with long-term adverse effects including undesired pigmentary alterations such as tattoo ink darkening. ...
Groth Shawn S - - 2010
Although etiology and pathology of symptomatic diaphragm paralysis and eventration are distinct, their treatments are the same: to reduce dysfunctional caudal excursion of the diaphragm during inspiration by plication. Minimally invasive diaphragm plication techniques have emerged as equally effective and less morbid alternatives to open plication. This review focuses on ...
Restifo Sam - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to assemble a basic, empirically derived set of psychosocial 'linchpin' factors for use in case formulation and treatment planning. METHOD: Observations are drawn from clinical work and the psychiatric literature. CONCLUSION: A generic set of psychosocial factors can be useful in providing reference ...
Miao Edwin Yong - - 2010
Nasal polyps are a common debilitating condition. Complications and the socioeconomic cost of nasal polyps and chronic rhinosinusitis means that the current medical treatment protocol is not satisfactory. Herbal decoction and acupuncture treatment for nasal polyps are rarely seen in the current English literature. The objective is to review this ...
Filleul O - - 2010
PURPOSE: Bisphosphonates (BPs) are bone-remodeling inhibitors that are used to manage bone metastases and osteoporosis. Osteonecrosis of the jaw, however, can occur during treatment. This complication is poorly understood and is called "bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw" (BIOJ). METHODS: We performed a PubMed-based review of all of the described cases ...
Cardoso Camila Lopes - - 2010
Dry socket is one of the most studied complications in dentistry, and a great number of studies have searched for an effective and safe method for its prevention and treatment. One of the great clinical challenges since the first case was reported has been the inconsistency and differences in the ...
Phan Ngoc Quan - - 2010
During the past two decades, systemic μ-opioid receptor antagonists (MORA) have been used in the treatment of various forms of chronic pruritus. In a number of case reports, case series, and controlled trials, treatment with MORA has demonstrated considerable antipruritic effects. In double-blind controlled studies, significant antipruritic relief has been ...
Larson Thomas D - - 2010
This article will review what is known about the classification, causes, and treatment of root resorptions that are either internal or external.
Turner Jay D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has a worldwide incidence of approximately 10.5 cases per 100,000 person-years and constitutes 3% of all strokes. Erythropoietin (EPO) has recently been proposed for the treatment of a variety of brain diseases, including SAH, because of its neuroprotective effects. Hence, the current evidence in the published ...
Goodman Greg J - - 2010
Botulinum toxin has been utilised successfully in many facial and extra facial regions to limit superfluous movement. Scars, whether traumatic or disease-related, are treated with many modalities. To assess the available literature concerning the prophylactic use of botulinum toxin for the improvement in the cosmetic outcome of scars induced by ...
Fuertes Irene - - 2010
Pemphigus vulgaris is an infrequent but life-threatening autoimmune blistering disease that is rare in the pediatric age. Although the mainstay of therapy for childhood pemphigus vulgaris (CPV) is steroids, adjuvant immunosuppressive drugs are often needed to control the disease. Thus, an important part of CPV morbidity can be related to ...
Lovell Brigitte V - - 2010
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD: Migraine and cluster headache (CH) are disabling syndromes that often require prophylactic treatment. Valproate semisodium ER (VPS ER) is FDA-approved for the treatment of epilepsy, acute mania in bipolar disorder and migraine prophylaxis. AREAS COVERED IN THIS REVIEW: We reviewed literature regarding VPS ER pharmacokinetics and ...
Tong C K - - 2010
Bisphosphonates are a common treatment for osteoporosis. Osteonecrosis of the jaw has been associated with the use of bisphosphonates, usually when they have been used parenterally to treat malignancies. Cases associated with oral bisphosphonate as a treatment for osteoporosis are less frequent. We describe two patients exhibiting the clinical manifestations ...
El-Husseini Amr - - 2010
Acquired methemoglobinemia (MetHb) is a rare complication of exposure to toxic chemicals or drugs, most commonly topical anesthetic agents. This condition occurs when the rate of methemoglobin production exceeds the rate of methemoglobin reduction. Topical anesthetics have been reported to cause MetHb, but this adverse event is extremely rare and ...
Nucci Vincenzo - - 2010
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is an emerging technique for the treatment of genital human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced benign and premalignant lesions. We report herein a case series of anogenital CA successfully treated with ALA-PDT and review the literature available to date on this topic. Thirteen out of 14 ...
Tucker Inese - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This paper reviews published literature on the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of inappropriate sexual behavior in dementia. METHODS: A literature search of Psychinfo and Cochrane databases was performed and data from case reports and case series were analyzed. RESULTS: No randomized controlled trials exist for any treatment of sexual ...
Simforoosh Nasser - - 2010
Two case reports are presented with an important question what should be done when an endoscopic appearance of the urotherial lesion is unavailable. As seen in clinical practice, many patients choose nephroureterectomy with frequent follow up procedures. The other question raised is that what should be done when the lesions ...
Grottke Oliver - - 2010
Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) is a haemostatic agent, which was originally developed for the treatment of haemophilia patients with inhibitors against factor FVIII or FIX. The efficacy of rFVIIa in preventing or stopping life-threatening bleeding for these patients has been demonstrated in several studies. Since the first report about ...
Qadir Rehana - - 2010
We report on an eighty five year old male who had presented with bradycardia and a prominent J wave on EKG. Initial attemps to treat bradycardia with atropine were unsuccessful and on further evaluation the patient was found to have hypothermia.
Mendhekar D N - - 2010
Occasional reports have documented treatment-emergent enuresis with medication regimens that include risperidone. In contrast to these reports, we present a 12-year-old girl with mild mental retardation and primary nocturnal enuresis who received risperidone (0.5 mg/day) for the isolated symptom of inappropriate smiling. Surprisingly, in addition to reduction in inappropriate smiling, ...
Thorn Allison R - - 2010
To review the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of postinfectious gastroparesis (PIGP). Review of literature using Medscape, the Internet, and PubMed. The following search terms were used: gastroparesis, postinfectious gastroparesis, postviral gastroparesis, and idiopathic gastroparesis. There was no limitation placed on publication year. Only articles in English were ...
Vasudev M K - - 2010
Giant axonal neuropathy (GAN) is a neurodegenerative disorder classified within the hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies, affecting both the peripheral and central nervous systems. GAN typically presents in early childhood before the age of five years and progresses to death usually by early adulthood. Various imaging findings in giant axonal ...
Cruise A S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To review the current literature on the use of sodium fluoride in the treatment of otosclerosis. DESIGN: A literature review was conducted, searching the Medline and PubMed database from 1966 to 2009, using the terms 'otosclerosis' and 'fluoride'. Article abstracts were reviewed and relevant full articles acquired. RESULTS: There ...
Yazdabadi Anosha - - 2010
Hirsutism is the excess of terminal hairs in females and can result in immense distress. Women often spend significant time and funds seeking permanent hair removal. Commercially available physical therapies have usually already been accessed before presenting to the clinician for treatment. We give a brief outline of physical therapies ...
Baltimore Robert S - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recently, recommendations from the American Heart Association regarding treatment of streptococcal tonsillo-pharyngitis were revised. This review provides the background for changes that were made in comparison with the group's 1995 recommendations. Recent papers on other issues relating to group A Streptococcus are also reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: For ...
Oni Georgette - - 2010
Angiokeratoma of the vulva is relatively rare with few cases reported in the literature. The lesions are usually asymptomatic, but clinical presentations can include bleeding and vulval pruritus. Treatments for symptomatic cases include surgical excision, cryotherapy and argon or carbon dioxide laser therapy. We present a case series of patients ...
Suárez-Amor Oscar - - 2010
Necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is an idiopathic chronic granulomatous skin condition. There is currently no standardized effective treatment of NL. Ulceration occurs in up to 35% of cases. Treatment of ulcerative lesions is challenging and often unsuccessful. On the basis of the implication of the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) on ...
Peces R - - 2010
Carbamazepine is used in the treatment of epilepsy, and also prescribed in neuralgic pain syndromes, and certain affective disorders. Carbamazepine intoxication with suicide attempt is a relatively common clinical problem that can result in coma, respiratory depression, arrhythmia, hemodynamic instability and death. The drug's relatively high molecular weight, elevated volume ...
Bornmann Lutz - - 2010
One of the most frequently raised criticisms of the review process for manuscripts is that the length of time between submission of a manuscript and the editorial decision is overly long. Taking the journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition as an example and based on nearly 2000 manuscripts, the present study ...
Yaari Shaul - - 2010
Severe thrombocytopenia as a complication of CMV infection in immune competent adults is uncommon with only a few cases reported in the literature. The mechanism of CMV-related thrombocytopenia is unclear, resulting in a wide range of treatments used. The use of the antiviral agent ganciclovir was reported in five cases, ...
Serby Michael J - - 2010
A 90-year-old woman who had received more than 100 electroconvulsive treatments (ECT) over many years requested another course for depression. After the third ECT, an electrocardiogram showed new T-wave inversion (V2-V6) and ST elevation (V2). Catheterization revealed severe left ventricular dysfunction but no coronary obstruction, leading to a diagnosis of ...
Elaimy Ameer L - - 2010
Approximately 5 million people in America are affected by essential tremors (ET), which are classified as a type of benign movement disorder. This disease manifests as tremors that usually occur in the hands, but they may also be present in the head, face, tongue, and lower limbs. Radiofrequency thalamotomy (RF) ...
El Muayed Malek - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of oleogranulomatous mastitis (paraffinoma) in which both the hypercalcemia and the inappropriately elevated 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] levels were successfully reduced by administration of prednisone. METHODS: We describe the clinical, imaging, and laboratory findings in the study patient. Furthermore, we review the relevant literature regarding hypercalcemia ...
Schroers Roland - - 2010
A 19-year-old woman presented with repeated episodes of haemoptysis and shortness of breath. Blood tests revealed iron deficiency anaemia and chest imaging studies showed bilateral lung opacities. In further laboratory tests and technical examination including bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial lung biopsy, pulmonary embolism, cardiac disease, and pulmonary vasculitis due to ...
Santos Andrade Elvis Henrique - - 2010
Prolactinomas are the commonest pituitary adenomas and the major pathological cause of hyperprolactinaemia. Symptomatic prolactinomas are treated mainly by dopamine agonists; surgery and radiotherapy are options for nonresponders. Schizophrenia treatment is based on antipsychotics, which acts mainly at serotonergic and dopaminergic systems. We report a case of a 39-year-old schizophrenic ...
Karabulut Ahmet - - 2010
Fracture, detachment and entrapment of coronary guidewires is seen infrequently. Different treatment strategies have been performed for such cases in medical literature. Here, we present three different cases of hydrophilic coated coronary guidewire non-metallic tip entrapment. Conservative management was preferred as the main strategy, with a practical approach to fix ...
Reddick C L - - 2010
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) and hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) are chronic inflammatory dermatoses that can be a challenge to treat. A role for TNF-alpha in their pathogenesis has been postulated in the literature. A therapeutic benefit of infliximab has been reported in recalcitrant cases of both conditions. To date, there is less ...
Saccomanni Bernardino - - 2010
Lateral epicondylitis or tennis elbow is a painful and functionally limiting entity affecting the upperextremity and is frequently treated by hand surgeons. Corticosteroid injection is one of the most common interventions for lateral epicondylitis or tennis elbow. Here, a review of the medical literature on this treatment is presented.
Jueckstock J K - - 2010
Up to 90% of pregnant women experience nausea and vomiting. When prolonged or severe, this is known as hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), which can, in individual cases, be life threatening. In this article the aetiology, diagnosis and treatment strategies will be presented based on a selective literature review. Treatment strategies range ...
Cloud Leslie J - - 2010
Dystonia is a neurological syndrome characterized by involuntary twisting movements and unnatural postures. It has many different manifestations and causes, and many different treatment options are available. These options include physical and occupational therapy, oral medications, intramuscular injection of botulinum toxins, and neurosurgical interventions. In this review, we first summarize ...
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