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Marya Charu Mohan - - 2012
Concomitant hypo-hyperdontia is a rare mixed numeric anomalous condition. The presence of this condition in the same area of dental arch and specifically in the mandibular anterior region is reported very infrequently. This case report presents a case of 20 years old male with congenitally missing permanent mandibular central incisors ...
Morgan Linda A - - 2012
Central toxic keratopathy (CTK) is a rare, non-inflammatory corneal opacity that can occur after corneal laser refractive surgery. It is characterized by the absence of inflammatory cells within the cornea or anterior chamber, central stromal necrosis, and corneal opacification, with an onset of 3 to 9 days after refractive surgery; ...
Sousa C A - - 2012
Following the identification of two autochthonous cases of dengue type 1 on 3 October 2012, an outbreak of dengue fever has been reported in Madeira, Portugal. As of 25 November, 1,891 cases have been detected on the island where the vector Aedes aegypti had been established in some areas since ...
Stevens Michael P - - 2012
Bacillus cereus is infrequently associated with invasive central nervous system (CNS) disease. Infection is associated with conditions that lead to reduced host immunity and provide direct access to the CNS, such as spinal anesthesia and ventricular tubes and shunts. A case of ventriculitis secondary to B cereus in a patient ...
Muthukumar Natarajan - - 2012
The pathogenesis of syringomyelia continues to be an enigma. The patency of the central canal and its role in the pathogenesis of communicating syringomyelia continues to elicit controversy. The case reported here provides an opportunity to retest some of the hypotheses of syringomyelia. A 33 year old female presented with ...
Giometto Bruno - - 2012
It is not unusual to observe peripheral nervous system involvement in people with tumours outside the nervous system. Any part of the peripheral nervous system can be involved, from sensory and motor neurons to nerve roots and plexuses, from distal trunks to neuromuscular junctions. Pathogenesis also varies from direct infiltration ...
Spiriev Toma T Department of Neurosurgery, Tokuda Hospital Sofia, 51b Nikola Vaptsarov Boulevard, Sofia, 1407, Bulgaria. - - 2012
Trigeminocardiac reflex is a well-known phenomenon in neurosurgery, craniofacial surgery, ophthalmology and interventional neuroradiology. Even though the trigeminocardiac reflex has become an important factor in skull base surgery and neurosurgery, the central form of trigeminocardiac reflex has only been described in adult subpopulations until now. We present a clear ...
Poddar Nishant - - 2011
Cancers of the small bowel are relatively rare and account for approximately 1-2% of all gastrointestinal neoplasms. The most common histologic subtype - adenocarcinoma - constitutes 40% of all cases. These cancers generally present with vague abdominal discomfort and are often diagnosed at a late stage and carry a poor ...
Monsell F P - - 2011
Progressive angular deformity of an extremity due to differential physeal arrest is the most common late orthopaedic sequela following meningococcal septicaemia in childhood. A total of ten patients (14 ankles) with distal tibial physeal arrest as a consequence of meningococcal septicaemia have been reviewed. Radiological analysis of their ankles has ...
Green R - - 2011
Objective:We report an extremely rare case of vocal fold palsy secondary to vitamin B12 deficiency.Method:Case report and English-Language review of the world literature concerning vitamin B12 deficiency and its neurological manifestations. We discuss the physiological role of vitamin B and its specific relationship to the presented patient's symptoms.Results:We describe a ...
Torbenson Michael - - 2011
There has been a large increase in data on the genetic causes of iron accumulation. In addition, there is a growing body of literature on the significance of iron in liver biopsy specimens obtained for staging and grading chronic liver disease. In this review, the current literature is discussed with ...
Zhang Eko G - - 2011
Objectives. To describe a series of complex fetal anemia cases, detail the appropriate investigations and management, and review the literature. Methods. Four cases of non-red cell alloimmunization or infective cases of fetal anemia are presented. Results. Of the four cases presented, one was a neonatal death, one pregnancy was terminated, one case was ...
Kita Yasuyuki - - 2011
Recent reports on the synthetic studies of marine pyrroloiminoquinone alakloids and their analogs are reviewed.
Popova Svetlana - - 2011
AIMS: The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature related to the measurement of the economic impact of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in different countries and to categorize the available literature. METHODS: A systematic literature search of the studies concerning the economic impact ...
Ramadass Thota - - 2011
Superficial siderosis is an uncommon condition occurring in central nervous system (CNS) due to deposition of hemosiderin in the subpial meningeal layer causing progressive neurological dysfunction. The classical clinical manifestation is a triad of chronic ataxia, bipyramidal signs and progressive bilateral symmetrical sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). It has rarely been ...
Sigounas Dimitrios E - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: The objective of this study was to assess the reporting of studies on new prognostic markers of outcome in acute pancreatitis. METHODS:: We used MEDLINE searches complemented with perusal of review articles' references to identify eligible English-language studies. We included studies evaluating nonroutine markers for acute pancreatitis. Eligible outcomes ...
Higgins Thomas S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The objective of this study is to systematically review the literature and examine the safety for the use of topical vasoconstrictors in endoscopic sinus surgery. STUDY DESIGN:: Systematic review clinical trials. METHOD:: A systematic literature search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, and National Guideline Clearinghouse, and ...
Higgins Thomas S - - 2011
The objective of this study is to systematically review the literature and examine the safety for the use of topical vasoconstrictors in endoscopic sinus surgery. Systematic review clinical trials. A systematic literature search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, and National Guideline Clearinghouse, and references in the selected ...
Smith Valerie - - 2011
Hundreds of studies of maternity care interventions have been published, too many for most people involved in providing maternity care to identify and consider when making decisions. It became apparent that systematic reviews of individual studies were required to appraise, summarise and bring together existing studies in a single place. ...
Tricco Andrea C - - 2011
A study conducted by Lai and colleagues, published this week in BMC Medicine, suggests that more guidance might be required for interpreting systematic review (SR) results. In the study by Lai and colleagues, positive (or favorable) results were influential in changing participants' prior beliefs about the interventions presented in the ...
Pulford Justin - - 2011
A review of the barriers to mosquito net use in malaria-endemic countries has yet to be presented in the published literature despite considerable research interest in this area. This paper partly addresses this gap by reviewing one component of the evidence base; namely, published research pertaining to self-reported reasons for ...
Burke Lora E - - 2011
Self-monitoring is the centerpiece of behavioral weight loss intervention programs. This article presents a systematic review of the literature on three components of self-monitoring in behavioral weight loss studies: diet, exercise, and self-weighing. This review included articles that were published between 1993 and 2009 that reported on the relationship between ...
Migdady Yazan Y Division of Hematology and Oncology, Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, United States of - - 2011
We report the case of a 37-year old man presenting with a left ventricular cardiac thrombus in the setting of subclinical paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinura (PNH) developing two years after immunosuppressive therapy for thymoma-associated aplastic anemia. The literature regarding the interplay between autoimmunity and immunosuppression, aplastic anemia, thymoma and the emergence ...
Selman Tara J TJ School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine (Reproduction, Genes and Development), University of Birmingham, Birmingham Women's Hospital, Birmingham, B15 2TG, - - 2011
In obstetrics and gynaecology there has been a rapid growth in the development of new tests and primary studies of their accuracy. It is imperative that such studies are reported with transparency allowing the detection of any potential bias that may invalidate the results. The objective of this study was ...
Khasawneh Faisal A FA Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 1400 S. Coulter, Amarillo, TX 79106, - - 2011
Seldinger's technique is widely used to place central venous and arterial catheters and is generally considered safe. The technique does have multiple potential risks. Guidewire-related complications are rare but potentially serious. We describe a case of a lost guidewire during central venous catheter insertion followed by a review of the ...
Coyner Kimberly - - 2010
This report describes the clinical findings, clinicopathology and treatment of otomycosis caused by Aspergillus spp. in an atopic dog affected by chronic unilateral purulent otitis externa unresponsive to topical and oral antibiotics and antifungal treatments. Cytology of otic exudate revealed neutrophils and septate fungal hyphae, and otic culture grew Aspergillus ...
Cofield Stacey S - - 2010
To assess the inappropriate use of causal language in studies on obesity and nutrition. Titles and abstracts of 525 peer-reviewed papers in the 4 leading journals in the fields of obesity and nutrition were scrutinized for language implying causality in observational studies published in 2006. Such misleading language appeared in ...
Bora Kundan Singh - - 2011
Context: Many herbal remedies have so far been employed for the treatment and management of various ailments since the beginning of human civilization. Medicago is an extensive genus of the family Leguminosae, comprising about 83 different species. Medicago sativa (Linn.) has long been used as traditional herbal medicine in China, ...
Skupsky Hadas - - 2012
Abstract Disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis (DSAP) is a chronic disorder of keratinization characterized by numerous papules and plaques distributed over sun-exposed sites. Treatments are poorly standardized and several investigational therapies have demonstrated limited success in treating DSAP. To our knowledge, there have been no systematic reviews of the literature regarding ...
Nguyen Sheila - - 2011
Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is a disabling condition that may occur secondarily to primary lung cancer. It is characterized by digital clubbing, arthralgia/arthritis, and periostosis of the tubular bones. The pain associated with HOA can be disabling and often refractory to conventional analgesics. We performed a comprehensive review of the literature ...
Karabulut Ahmet - - 2010
Takayasu arteritis is type of vasculitis that usually affects the aorta and its major branches. While coronary involvement is seen infrequently, treatment strategy is less clear. Here, we report a case of a 45 year-old woman with Takayasu arteritis who underwent a Y-graft coronary bypass surgery four years previously. We ...
Sedgh Jacob - - 2010
Myokymia is an uncommon neuromuscular disorder that rarely affects the human larynx. No previous reports of isolated laryngeal myokymia are present in the literature, and as such, established treatment protocols are lacking. We report the first case of isolated laryngeal myokymia in a 48-year-old woman with no other neurological findings, ...
Aydinlioglu A - - 2010
The spur or the supracondyloid process of the humerus has been of special interest to anatomists, anthropologists and clinicians. Apart from the anthropological research by ancient authors and clinical studies carried out half a century ago, no study of this variation appear in the literature. The aim of the present ...
Gültekin M - - 2010
Endometrial hyperplasia is a commonly seen clinical entity. A great majority of patients present with abnormal uterine bleeding. Unopposed estrogen either from an endogenous or exogenous source is the most important etiologic factor. Etiologic evaluation and cause specific treatment is a must for these patients instead of direct biopsies and ...
Chen Stephen T ST Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2010
Inappropriate sexual behaviors (ISBs) associated with dementias and their treatment have not been commonly reported in the medical literature. This report presents an elderly male patient with moderately severe dementia and incident onset of ISBs who was treated with citalopram (20-mg daily) and subsequently displayed a reduction in ISBs. A ...
McLeod Niall M H - - 2011
Despite the increasing number of cases of osteonecrosis of the jaws related to bisphosphonate therapy described in the literature there is a paucity of evidence-based treatment for the condition. In this second article on bisphosphonate-related jaw complications we discuss the different treatment strategies for the condition, review current literature, particularly ...
Dhinsa Baljinder Singh - - 2010
Metatarsalgia is an increasingly common condition seen in the outpatient setting. A number of conservative and surgical management options are available for this condition. We present an interesting case that was unsuccessfully treated with'dermal filler.' To our knowledge, we have not found any published material in peer-reviewed journals documenting the ...
Lahaie Marie-André - - 2010
Vaginismus is currently defined as an involuntary vaginal muscle spasm interfering with sexual intercourse that is relatively easy to diagnose and treat. As a result, there has been a lack of research interest with very few well-controlled diagnostic, etiological or treatment outcome studies. Interestingly, the few empirical studies that have ...
Karagol Belma Saygili - - 2010
Congenital chylous ascites is a rare condition seen in the neonatal period and the data on pathogenesis and treatment modalities are limited. In this article, we report a case of neonate with chylous ascites and review the therapeutic management procedures on chylous ascites in childhood. We present our experience in ...
Li Sing Your - - 2010
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors such as adalimumab are increasingly used in the treatment of ocular inflammatory disease refractory to standard therapies. There is evidence that TNF inhibitors are associated with demyelinating neurologic events. The authors report a case of optic neuritis and multiple sclerosis developing in association with the ...
Singh Santosh K - - 2010
Xanthogranulomatous cystitis (XC) is a rare benign disease of unknown etiology. A case of XC in a 30-year-old male is presented due to sparcity of such case report in medical literature. Patient evaluation included clinical, biochemical and radiological studies before treatment. Histological study revealed the rare diagnosis. Patient was asymptomatic ...
Rodgers G C GC - - 2010
This article reviews the evidence supporting the efficacy of antidotes used or recommended for the potential chemical warfare agents of most concern. Chemical warfare agents considered include cyanide, vesicants, pulmonary irritants such as chlorine and phosgene, and nerve agents. The strength of evidence for most antidotes is weak, highlighting the ...
Rathi Narendra - - 2010
We report a case of herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis (HSE) in an 11-year-old boy who recovered with acyclovir therapy but developed relapse after 2 weeks. Choreoathetosis was the presenting feature of relapse. Response to antiinflammatory treatment was excellent. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case ...
Adebayo Ezekiel Taiwo - - 2011
Ameloblastoma is rare worldwide. Delayed treatment can result in significant morbidity from facial deformity and infiltration of adjacent tissues. Mortality can occur from invasion of vital structures in the head and neck, super infection, recurrent and even distant metastases. Recurrence after radical treatment is not common. This paper presents a ...
Senska G - - 2010
The treatment of MRSA (methocillin resistant staphylococcus aureus) colonized middle ear is difficult. According to the guidelines, a MRSA colonized Patient is not to be treated with systemic antibiotics. The topical treatment shows the problem of the ototoxicity of most of the used antiseptic as well as antibiotic substances. Selective ...
Zip Catherine M - - 2010
Metronidazole is a synthetic nitroimidazole derivative with antimicrobial and antiinflammatory properties. It was the first topical therapy approved solely for rosacea and remains a cornerstone of rosacea management. This article reviews the optimal use of topical metronidazole in the treatment of rosacea and other innovative but off-label dermatologic uses reported ...
Cakin-Memik Nursu - - 2010
Priapism is a persistent unwanted erection that is not associated with sexual desire or sexual stimulation. Immediate diagnosis and treatment are essential for priapism; otherwise, it causes ischemia of cavernous tissues, which will result in erectile dysfunction. In this paper, we report a 14-year-old male patient who presented with priapism ...
Jeyarajah Santhini - - 2010
PURPOSE: Proctalgia fugax (PF) is a benign anorectal condition which has been described in the literature since the nineteenth century commonly presenting to general surgeons. There is little high level evidence on the subject and its therapeutic modalities. We aimed through this systematic literature review to outline the definition and ...
Kirby William - - 2010
It is widely accepted that Q-switched lasers are the gold-standard treatment for the resolution of unwanted tattoo ink. Although much safer than other tattoo removal modalities, the treatment of tattoo ink with Q-switched devices may be associated with long-term adverse effects including undesired pigmentary alterations such as tattoo ink darkening. ...
Groth Shawn S - - 2010
Although etiology and pathology of symptomatic diaphragm paralysis and eventration are distinct, their treatments are the same: to reduce dysfunctional caudal excursion of the diaphragm during inspiration by plication. Minimally invasive diaphragm plication techniques have emerged as equally effective and less morbid alternatives to open plication. This review focuses on ...
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