Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 577
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Ramadass Thota - - 2011
Superficial siderosis is an uncommon condition occurring in central nervous system (CNS) due to deposition of hemosiderin in the subpial meningeal layer causing progressive neurological dysfunction. The classical clinical manifestation is a triad of chronic ataxia, bipyramidal signs and progressive bilateral symmetrical sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). It has rarely been ...
Sigounas Dimitrios E - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: The objective of this study was to assess the reporting of studies on new prognostic markers of outcome in acute pancreatitis. METHODS:: We used MEDLINE searches complemented with perusal of review articles' references to identify eligible English-language studies. We included studies evaluating nonroutine markers for acute pancreatitis. Eligible outcomes ...
Higgins Thomas S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The objective of this study is to systematically review the literature and examine the safety for the use of topical vasoconstrictors in endoscopic sinus surgery. STUDY DESIGN:: Systematic review clinical trials. METHOD:: A systematic literature search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, and National Guideline Clearinghouse, and ...
Higgins Thomas S - - 2011
The objective of this study is to systematically review the literature and examine the safety for the use of topical vasoconstrictors in endoscopic sinus surgery. Systematic review clinical trials. A systematic literature search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, and National Guideline Clearinghouse, and references in the selected ...
Smith Valerie - - 2011
Hundreds of studies of maternity care interventions have been published, too many for most people involved in providing maternity care to identify and consider when making decisions. It became apparent that systematic reviews of individual studies were required to appraise, summarise and bring together existing studies in a single place. ...
Tricco Andrea C - - 2011
A study conducted by Lai and colleagues, published this week in BMC Medicine, suggests that more guidance might be required for interpreting systematic review (SR) results. In the study by Lai and colleagues, positive (or favorable) results were influential in changing participants' prior beliefs about the interventions presented in the ...
Pulford Justin - - 2011
A review of the barriers to mosquito net use in malaria-endemic countries has yet to be presented in the published literature despite considerable research interest in this area. This paper partly addresses this gap by reviewing one component of the evidence base; namely, published research pertaining to self-reported reasons for ...
Burke Lora E - - 2011
Self-monitoring is the centerpiece of behavioral weight loss intervention programs. This article presents a systematic review of the literature on three components of self-monitoring in behavioral weight loss studies: diet, exercise, and self-weighing. This review included articles that were published between 1993 and 2009 that reported on the relationship between ...
Migdady Yazan Y Division of Hematology and Oncology, Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, United States of - - 2011
We report the case of a 37-year old man presenting with a left ventricular cardiac thrombus in the setting of subclinical paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinura (PNH) developing two years after immunosuppressive therapy for thymoma-associated aplastic anemia. The literature regarding the interplay between autoimmunity and immunosuppression, aplastic anemia, thymoma and the emergence ...
Selman Tara J TJ School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine (Reproduction, Genes and Development), University of Birmingham, Birmingham Women's Hospital, Birmingham, B15 2TG, - - 2011
In obstetrics and gynaecology there has been a rapid growth in the development of new tests and primary studies of their accuracy. It is imperative that such studies are reported with transparency allowing the detection of any potential bias that may invalidate the results. The objective of this study was ...
Coyner Kimberly - - 2010
This report describes the clinical findings, clinicopathology and treatment of otomycosis caused by Aspergillus spp. in an atopic dog affected by chronic unilateral purulent otitis externa unresponsive to topical and oral antibiotics and antifungal treatments. Cytology of otic exudate revealed neutrophils and septate fungal hyphae, and otic culture grew Aspergillus ...
Cofield Stacey S - - 2010
To assess the inappropriate use of causal language in studies on obesity and nutrition. Titles and abstracts of 525 peer-reviewed papers in the 4 leading journals in the fields of obesity and nutrition were scrutinized for language implying causality in observational studies published in 2006. Such misleading language appeared in ...
Bora Kundan Singh - - 2011
Context: Many herbal remedies have so far been employed for the treatment and management of various ailments since the beginning of human civilization. Medicago is an extensive genus of the family Leguminosae, comprising about 83 different species. Medicago sativa (Linn.) has long been used as traditional herbal medicine in China, ...
Skupsky Hadas - - 2012
Abstract Disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis (DSAP) is a chronic disorder of keratinization characterized by numerous papules and plaques distributed over sun-exposed sites. Treatments are poorly standardized and several investigational therapies have demonstrated limited success in treating DSAP. To our knowledge, there have been no systematic reviews of the literature regarding ...
Nguyen Sheila - - 2011
Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is a disabling condition that may occur secondarily to primary lung cancer. It is characterized by digital clubbing, arthralgia/arthritis, and periostosis of the tubular bones. The pain associated with HOA can be disabling and often refractory to conventional analgesics. We performed a comprehensive review of the literature ...
Karabulut Ahmet - - 2010
Takayasu arteritis is type of vasculitis that usually affects the aorta and its major branches. While coronary involvement is seen infrequently, treatment strategy is less clear. Here, we report a case of a 45 year-old woman with Takayasu arteritis who underwent a Y-graft coronary bypass surgery four years previously. We ...
Sedgh Jacob - - 2010
Myokymia is an uncommon neuromuscular disorder that rarely affects the human larynx. No previous reports of isolated laryngeal myokymia are present in the literature, and as such, established treatment protocols are lacking. We report the first case of isolated laryngeal myokymia in a 48-year-old woman with no other neurological findings, ...
Aydinlioglu A - - 2010
The spur or the supracondyloid process of the humerus has been of special interest to anatomists, anthropologists and clinicians. Apart from the anthropological research by ancient authors and clinical studies carried out half a century ago, no study of this variation appear in the literature. The aim of the present ...
Gültekin M - - 2010
Endometrial hyperplasia is a commonly seen clinical entity. A great majority of patients present with abnormal uterine bleeding. Unopposed estrogen either from an endogenous or exogenous source is the most important etiologic factor. Etiologic evaluation and cause specific treatment is a must for these patients instead of direct biopsies and ...
Chen Stephen T ST Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2010
Inappropriate sexual behaviors (ISBs) associated with dementias and their treatment have not been commonly reported in the medical literature. This report presents an elderly male patient with moderately severe dementia and incident onset of ISBs who was treated with citalopram (20-mg daily) and subsequently displayed a reduction in ISBs. A ...
McLeod Niall M H - - 2011
Despite the increasing number of cases of osteonecrosis of the jaws related to bisphosphonate therapy described in the literature there is a paucity of evidence-based treatment for the condition. In this second article on bisphosphonate-related jaw complications we discuss the different treatment strategies for the condition, review current literature, particularly ...
Dhinsa Baljinder Singh - - 2010
Metatarsalgia is an increasingly common condition seen in the outpatient setting. A number of conservative and surgical management options are available for this condition. We present an interesting case that was unsuccessfully treated with'dermal filler.' To our knowledge, we have not found any published material in peer-reviewed journals documenting the ...
Lahaie Marie-André - - 2010
Vaginismus is currently defined as an involuntary vaginal muscle spasm interfering with sexual intercourse that is relatively easy to diagnose and treat. As a result, there has been a lack of research interest with very few well-controlled diagnostic, etiological or treatment outcome studies. Interestingly, the few empirical studies that have ...
Karagol Belma Saygili - - 2010
Congenital chylous ascites is a rare condition seen in the neonatal period and the data on pathogenesis and treatment modalities are limited. In this article, we report a case of neonate with chylous ascites and review the therapeutic management procedures on chylous ascites in childhood. We present our experience in ...
Li Sing Your - - 2010
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors such as adalimumab are increasingly used in the treatment of ocular inflammatory disease refractory to standard therapies. There is evidence that TNF inhibitors are associated with demyelinating neurologic events. The authors report a case of optic neuritis and multiple sclerosis developing in association with the ...
Singh Santosh K - - 2010
Xanthogranulomatous cystitis (XC) is a rare benign disease of unknown etiology. A case of XC in a 30-year-old male is presented due to sparcity of such case report in medical literature. Patient evaluation included clinical, biochemical and radiological studies before treatment. Histological study revealed the rare diagnosis. Patient was asymptomatic ...
Rodgers G C GC - - 2010
This article reviews the evidence supporting the efficacy of antidotes used or recommended for the potential chemical warfare agents of most concern. Chemical warfare agents considered include cyanide, vesicants, pulmonary irritants such as chlorine and phosgene, and nerve agents. The strength of evidence for most antidotes is weak, highlighting the ...
Rathi Narendra - - 2010
We report a case of herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis (HSE) in an 11-year-old boy who recovered with acyclovir therapy but developed relapse after 2 weeks. Choreoathetosis was the presenting feature of relapse. Response to antiinflammatory treatment was excellent. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case ...
Adebayo Ezekiel Taiwo - - 2011
Ameloblastoma is rare worldwide. Delayed treatment can result in significant morbidity from facial deformity and infiltration of adjacent tissues. Mortality can occur from invasion of vital structures in the head and neck, super infection, recurrent and even distant metastases. Recurrence after radical treatment is not common. This paper presents a ...
Senska G - - 2010
The treatment of MRSA (methocillin resistant staphylococcus aureus) colonized middle ear is difficult. According to the guidelines, a MRSA colonized Patient is not to be treated with systemic antibiotics. The topical treatment shows the problem of the ototoxicity of most of the used antiseptic as well as antibiotic substances. Selective ...
Zip Catherine M - - 2010
Metronidazole is a synthetic nitroimidazole derivative with antimicrobial and antiinflammatory properties. It was the first topical therapy approved solely for rosacea and remains a cornerstone of rosacea management. This article reviews the optimal use of topical metronidazole in the treatment of rosacea and other innovative but off-label dermatologic uses reported ...
Cakin-Memik Nursu - - 2010
Priapism is a persistent unwanted erection that is not associated with sexual desire or sexual stimulation. Immediate diagnosis and treatment are essential for priapism; otherwise, it causes ischemia of cavernous tissues, which will result in erectile dysfunction. In this paper, we report a 14-year-old male patient who presented with priapism ...
Jeyarajah Santhini - - 2010
PURPOSE: Proctalgia fugax (PF) is a benign anorectal condition which has been described in the literature since the nineteenth century commonly presenting to general surgeons. There is little high level evidence on the subject and its therapeutic modalities. We aimed through this systematic literature review to outline the definition and ...
Kirby William - - 2010
It is widely accepted that Q-switched lasers are the gold-standard treatment for the resolution of unwanted tattoo ink. Although much safer than other tattoo removal modalities, the treatment of tattoo ink with Q-switched devices may be associated with long-term adverse effects including undesired pigmentary alterations such as tattoo ink darkening. ...
Groth Shawn S - - 2010
Although etiology and pathology of symptomatic diaphragm paralysis and eventration are distinct, their treatments are the same: to reduce dysfunctional caudal excursion of the diaphragm during inspiration by plication. Minimally invasive diaphragm plication techniques have emerged as equally effective and less morbid alternatives to open plication. This review focuses on ...
Restifo Sam - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to assemble a basic, empirically derived set of psychosocial 'linchpin' factors for use in case formulation and treatment planning. METHOD: Observations are drawn from clinical work and the psychiatric literature. CONCLUSION: A generic set of psychosocial factors can be useful in providing reference ...
Miao Edwin Yong - - 2010
Nasal polyps are a common debilitating condition. Complications and the socioeconomic cost of nasal polyps and chronic rhinosinusitis means that the current medical treatment protocol is not satisfactory. Herbal decoction and acupuncture treatment for nasal polyps are rarely seen in the current English literature. The objective is to review this ...
Filleul O - - 2010
PURPOSE: Bisphosphonates (BPs) are bone-remodeling inhibitors that are used to manage bone metastases and osteoporosis. Osteonecrosis of the jaw, however, can occur during treatment. This complication is poorly understood and is called "bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw" (BIOJ). METHODS: We performed a PubMed-based review of all of the described cases ...
Cardoso Camila Lopes - - 2010
Dry socket is one of the most studied complications in dentistry, and a great number of studies have searched for an effective and safe method for its prevention and treatment. One of the great clinical challenges since the first case was reported has been the inconsistency and differences in the ...
Phan Ngoc Quan - - 2010
During the past two decades, systemic μ-opioid receptor antagonists (MORA) have been used in the treatment of various forms of chronic pruritus. In a number of case reports, case series, and controlled trials, treatment with MORA has demonstrated considerable antipruritic effects. In double-blind controlled studies, significant antipruritic relief has been ...
Larson Thomas D - - 2010
This article will review what is known about the classification, causes, and treatment of root resorptions that are either internal or external.
Turner Jay D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has a worldwide incidence of approximately 10.5 cases per 100,000 person-years and constitutes 3% of all strokes. Erythropoietin (EPO) has recently been proposed for the treatment of a variety of brain diseases, including SAH, because of its neuroprotective effects. Hence, the current evidence in the published ...
Goodman Greg J - - 2010
Botulinum toxin has been utilised successfully in many facial and extra facial regions to limit superfluous movement. Scars, whether traumatic or disease-related, are treated with many modalities. To assess the available literature concerning the prophylactic use of botulinum toxin for the improvement in the cosmetic outcome of scars induced by ...
Fuertes Irene - - 2010
Pemphigus vulgaris is an infrequent but life-threatening autoimmune blistering disease that is rare in the pediatric age. Although the mainstay of therapy for childhood pemphigus vulgaris (CPV) is steroids, adjuvant immunosuppressive drugs are often needed to control the disease. Thus, an important part of CPV morbidity can be related to ...
Lovell Brigitte V - - 2010
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD: Migraine and cluster headache (CH) are disabling syndromes that often require prophylactic treatment. Valproate semisodium ER (VPS ER) is FDA-approved for the treatment of epilepsy, acute mania in bipolar disorder and migraine prophylaxis. AREAS COVERED IN THIS REVIEW: We reviewed literature regarding VPS ER pharmacokinetics and ...
Tong C K - - 2010
Bisphosphonates are a common treatment for osteoporosis. Osteonecrosis of the jaw has been associated with the use of bisphosphonates, usually when they have been used parenterally to treat malignancies. Cases associated with oral bisphosphonate as a treatment for osteoporosis are less frequent. We describe two patients exhibiting the clinical manifestations ...
El-Husseini Amr - - 2010
Acquired methemoglobinemia (MetHb) is a rare complication of exposure to toxic chemicals or drugs, most commonly topical anesthetic agents. This condition occurs when the rate of methemoglobin production exceeds the rate of methemoglobin reduction. Topical anesthetics have been reported to cause MetHb, but this adverse event is extremely rare and ...
Nucci Vincenzo - - 2010
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is an emerging technique for the treatment of genital human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced benign and premalignant lesions. We report herein a case series of anogenital CA successfully treated with ALA-PDT and review the literature available to date on this topic. Thirteen out of 14 ...
Tucker Inese - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This paper reviews published literature on the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of inappropriate sexual behavior in dementia. METHODS: A literature search of Psychinfo and Cochrane databases was performed and data from case reports and case series were analyzed. RESULTS: No randomized controlled trials exist for any treatment of sexual ...
Simforoosh Nasser - - 2010
Two case reports are presented with an important question what should be done when an endoscopic appearance of the urotherial lesion is unavailable. As seen in clinical practice, many patients choose nephroureterectomy with frequent follow up procedures. The other question raised is that what should be done when the lesions ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >