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Aumar Dadjo K - - 2013
Intraosseous lipoma is a rare, benign primary tumor occurring in bone. In the present report, a case of an intraosseous lipoma of the calcaneus is presented, together with a focused review of published studies. Radiographically, the lesions will appear osteolytic and well delineated, displaying a central area of calcification. Curettage ...
Batalla Ana - - 2013
Porokeratoma (acanthoma with features of porokeratosis) is a recently described entity with a distinct pattern of cornoid lamellation and clinically different from typical porokeratosis. We present a case of multiple porokeratomas on the buttock of a 78-year-old man with paraplegia secondary to poliomyelitis and ankylosing spondylarthritis. We briefly review the ...
Rizzo Camielle - - 2013
Often thought of as a benign and self-limited condition, hiccups can become persistent or intractable, and thus be associated with substantial morbidity and distress. In such cases, an underlying etiology is often present, and may be overlooked. Debilitating hiccups can present a major challenge to optimal symptom management. Various causes ...
Huang Sui - - 2013
The fateful combination of (i) the Dunning-Kruger effect (ignorance of one's own ignorance) with (ii) the nonlinear dynamics of the echo-chamber between reviewers and editors fuels a self-reinforcing collective delusion system that sometimes spirals uncontrollably away from objectivity and truth. Escape from this subconscious meta-ignorance is a formidable challenge but ...
Adeeb Nimer - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The pia mater has received less attention in the literature compared to the dura and arachnoid maters. However, its presence as a direct covering of the nervous system and direct relation to the blood vessels gives it a special importance in neurosurgery. METHOD: A comprehensive review of the literature ...
Thawley Vincent J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical course and successful management of a dog suspected to have central nervous system (CNS) Cuterebra larval migration and concurrent protein-losing nephropathy (PLN). CASE SUMMARY: A 1-year-old castrated male mixed breed dog was diagnosed with presumptive CNS cuterebriasis based on history, progressively deteriorating mentation, seizures, and ...
Wu Winnie - - 2013
Histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is a rare neoplasm that occurs most commonly in the intestinal tract, skin, soft tissue, and lymph node. The incidence of primary central nervous system (CNS) HS is even rarer, with a total of 6 cases reported in the literature. An etiologic link has not been identified ...
A L Hemlatha - - 2013
Myofibroma, a benign neoplasm of the myofibroblasts, is most commonly encountered in the head and neck region, which includes the scalp, the forehead, the parotid region and the oral cavity. It is most rarely reported in the eyelids. Ocular myofibroma typically presents during childhood and it is rare in older ...
Peker Nuri - - 2013
Neural tube defects are congenital defects of the central nervous system caused by lack of neural tube closure. First trimester screening for aneuploidy has become widespread in the recent years. Fetal intracranial translucency (IT) can be easily observed in normal fetuses in the mid-sagittal plane. The absence of IT should ...
Moghadamfalahi Mana - - 2013
Low-grade central osteosarcoma is a rare variant of osteosarcoma which comprises less than 1-2% of all osteosarcomas. Most low-grade osteosarcomas involve long bones, most commonly distal femur, and proximal tibia. Histologically this tumor is difficult to diagnose, and an unusual location makes this diagnosis even more challenging. Here we report ...
Davis Matthew J - - 2013
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, is caused by reactivation of the JC virus. This disease is typically seen in individuals with known immune suppression. It has also been associated with other inflammatory conditions, such as sarcoidosis. A 68-year-old woman without known immune suppression ...
Ghafarian Azadeh - - 2013
This paper report on a new species of mites of the genus Myrmozercon associated with ant in Iran - Myrmozercon cyrusi Ghafarian and Joharchi sp. n. was collected associated of the Monomorium sp. in Kenevist Rural District in the Central District of Mashhad County, Khorasan Razavi Province, Iran. This new ...
Deler-Hernández Albert - - 2013
The Cuban fauna of the genus Berosus Leach, 1817 is reviewed based on newly collected material as well as historical and type specimens. Nine species are recognized, including three recorded from Cuba for the first time: Berosus infuscatus LeConte, 1855, Berosus interstitialis Knisch, 1924 (= Berosus stribalus Orchymont, 1946 syn. n.) ...
Kelly Linda - - 2013
Radiotherapy may cause central or peripheral nervous system complications, reported examples being myelopathy, brachial/lumbosacral plexopathies or predominantly motor lumbosacral radiculopathy. In the literature some studies regard camptocormia as a paravertebral myopathy and others as of neurogenic origin. We present a patient who developed camptocormia, 42 years after radiation therapy to ...
Sakellariou Grigorios T - - 2013
Central nervous involvement, mainly with symptoms of cranial neuropathies, occurs in 2-8% of patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). Meningeal involvement, with persistent and severe headache as main manifestation and abnormal thickening and enhancement of the dural mater on postcontrast magnetic resonance imaging, is extremely rare. We present a case ...
Pennisi Manuela - - 2013
Acrylamide (ACR) is a water-soluble chemical used in different industrial and laboratory processes. ACR monomer is neurotoxic in humans and laboratory animals. Subchronic exposure to this chemical causes neuropathies, hands and feet numbness, gait abnormalities, muscle weakness, ataxia, skin and in some cases, cerebellar alterations. ACR neurotoxicity involves mostly the ...
Elstner Kristen E - - 2012
ABSTRACT: A 55-year-old woman with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme on palliative chemotherapy including Avastin, an angiogenesis inhibitor, presents with several episodes of bacterial meningitis secondary to a persistent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak. Anastomotic dehiscence of the dura mater in the region of the previous craniotomy sites was evident. Attempts to repair ...
Valle Laia Guàrdia - - 2012
We present the results obtained from a short survey in central Italy to broaden the poorly known diversity of trichomycetous gut symbionts, members of the Kickxellomycotina, in this country. Among the reported fungi, two new species of Harpellales are described: Harpellomyces aprutinus and Orphella italica, as well as 14 other ...
She D J - - 2012
Hemangioblastoma (HBL) within the central nervous system is a benign vascular neoplasm that usually occurs in the cerebellum. Supratentorial occurrence of HBL is an extremely rare event. Till date, approximately 129 cases of supratentorial HBL have been reported in the literature. Here, we present three new cases of supratentorial hemangioblatomas, ...
Salem K M I KM The Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Royal Derby Hospital, Derby, United - - 2013
As the prevalence of syphilis rises, an increase in tertiary syphilis with spinal involvement is predicted. We report what we believe to be the first case of compressive cervical spine syphilitic gummata, with central cord compression signs. We also review the relevant literature to date. The diagnosis of syphilis in ...
Colpak Ayse I - - 2012
To review the literature on early visual manifestations of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) with regard to two patients who had visual problems preceding the onset of neurological symptoms. One patient had cortical visual disturbances and the other had visual loss due to retinal pigment epithelial changes. SSPE is a chronic ...
Chandran Veena - - 2012
Background: We are reporting 35 new cases of Chromoblastomycosis from Central Kerala. A majority of the cases from India are reported from the Sub Himalayan belt and South India. The disease scenario in India and abroad is briefly reviewed. Aims: To study chromoblastomycosis in Central Kerala including the demographic and ...
Hung S-C - - 2012
Primary spinal primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are rare and classified into peripheral and central types because the treatment strategy and outcome are different. This study describes five cases of primary spinal peripheral type PNETs. Magnetic resonance imaging showed large extradural masses in the cervical and thoracic spine with bony invasion ...
Catalucci A - - 2012
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) was firstly described in 1969 as a benign proliferative disorder of histiocytes with systemic symptoms and lymphadenopathy. This disease is of uncertain pathogenesis and mostly occurs in children and young adults. The typical clinical features of RDD include bilateral painless cervical lymphadenopathy, but extranodal involvement may also ...
Weiner Daniel E - - 2012
Recent reports have described an apparent epidemic of CKD along the Pacific coast of Central America, such that CKD is a leading cause of death among working-age men in lower-altitude agricultural communities in this region. Given the limited availability of kidney replacement therapies in this region, CKD often is a ...
Tonni Gabriele - - 2012
Trisomy 9 is a lethal chromosomal abnormality that rarely progresses beyond the second trimester of pregnancy. Multiple central nervous system anomalies, including bifid choroid plexus, ventriculomegaly, and Dandy-Walker malformation, associated with multicystic dysplastic kidney disease in a trisomy 9 fetus are reported. The prenatal ultrasound diagnosis has been aided by ...
Soriano A - - 2012
Wegener Granulomatosis (WG) is a multisystem autoimmune disorder characterized by necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis that most commonly involves the upper respiratory tract, lungs, and kidneys. The involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) is infrequent and can cause stroke, cranial nerve abnormalities, cerebrovascular events, seizures, and meningeal involvement. Meningeal involvement is ...
Fife Terry D - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Purpose: This article reviews the most common conditions that are caused by changes in head or body positions. Practical clinical methods to help distinguish vestibular from nonvestibular and central from peripheral vestibular positional dizziness are discussed. This article also reviews the treatment methods of selected canal variants of benign ...
Lisa Dentici Maria - - 2012
In 2011, the RDDR network was developed in central Italy to provide support in the diagnosis of dysmorphic newborns. RDDR has been developed as an online electronic system that currently links 20 neonatology centres in central Italy, representing the submitting nodes that transmit patient clinical histories and the relevant photographical ...
Weimer Tracy - - 2012
The authors report a case of status epilepticus localized to sensorimotor cortex that was successfully treated with surgical resection and multiple subpial transections (MST). A 43 year old woman presented in status epilepticus emanating from a right central area focus as verified by subdural grid and strip electrodes. The seizures ...
Kakisaka Yosuke Y Yosuke Kakisaka, Mitsugu Uematsu, Kazuhiro Haginoya, Department of Pediatrics, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8574, - - 2012
Despite the 2%-5% prevalence of abdominal migraine (AM) during childhood, the precise mechanism remains unknown. In this review, we present recent studies on AM and speculate its mechanism from both peripheral and central nervous system aspects. Although the main symptoms of AM exist at the peripheral level, previous studies have ...
Mensi Carolina - - 2012
Pleural malignant mesothelioma is a locally invasive tumor that tends to progress due to direct extension of the tumor into the pulmonary parenchyma, the chest wall, the mediastinum, or the abdominal cavity via the diaphragm. In the later stages of the disease, distant metastases can occur. Metastases to the nervous ...
Descy J J Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Liège (ULg), Liège, Belgium. - - 2012
Listeriosis, an opportunistic food-borne disease caused by Listeria monocytogenes, is infrequent and occurs preferentially in patients at the extremes of age, during pregnancy or in immunocompromised hosts. Most common manifestations are maternofoetal and neonatal infections, severe invasive presentations such as bacteraemia with or without central nervous system symptoms occuring preferentially ...
Dahiya Saurabh - - 2012
Primary testicular lymphoma (PTL) is a rare testicular tumor representing less than 9% of all testicular cancers. PTL usually tends to spread to or relapse at nodal structures or extra-nodal sites such as contralateral testes, central nervous system, skin, lung, pleura, waldeyer's ring and soft tissues. We present a case ...
Spiriev Toma - - 2012
Trigeminocardiac reflex is a well-known phenomenon in neurosurgery, craniofacial surgery, ophthalmology and interventional neuroradiology. Even though the trigeminocardiac reflex has become an important factor in skull base surgery and neurosurgery, the central form of trigeminocardiac reflex has only been described in adult subpopulations until now. We present a clear ...
Reddy Rajesh - - 2012
Primary melanocytic tumors of the central nervous system are rare. In this article the authors describe a case of C1C2 intradural extramedullary melanocytoma in a 43-year-old patient who presented with neck pain. C1-3 laminectomy was performed followed by excision of the lesion and an adjoining satellite nodule, along with the ...
Polverino Mario - - 2012
Coughing is an important defensive reflex that occurs through the stimulation of a complex reflex arc. It accounts for a significant number of consultations both at the level of general practitioner and of respiratory specialists. In this review we first analyze the cough reflex under normal conditions; then we analyze ...
Marya Charu Mohan - - 2012
Concomitant hypo-hyperdontia is a rare mixed numeric anomalous condition. The presence of this condition in the same area of dental arch and specifically in the mandibular anterior region is reported very infrequently. This case report presents a case of 20 years old male with congenitally missing permanent mandibular central incisors ...
Morgan Linda A - - 2012
Central toxic keratopathy (CTK) is a rare, non-inflammatory corneal opacity that can occur after corneal laser refractive surgery. It is characterized by the absence of inflammatory cells within the cornea or anterior chamber, central stromal necrosis, and corneal opacification, with an onset of 3 to 9 days after refractive surgery; ...
Sousa C A - - 2012
Following the identification of two autochthonous cases of dengue type 1 on 3 October 2012, an outbreak of dengue fever has been reported in Madeira, Portugal. As of 25 November, 1,891 cases have been detected on the island where the vector Aedes aegypti had been established in some areas since ...
Stevens Michael P - - 2012
Bacillus cereus is infrequently associated with invasive central nervous system (CNS) disease. Infection is associated with conditions that lead to reduced host immunity and provide direct access to the CNS, such as spinal anesthesia and ventricular tubes and shunts. A case of ventriculitis secondary to B cereus in a patient ...
Muthukumar Natarajan - - 2012
The pathogenesis of syringomyelia continues to be an enigma. The patency of the central canal and its role in the pathogenesis of communicating syringomyelia continues to elicit controversy. The case reported here provides an opportunity to retest some of the hypotheses of syringomyelia. A 33 year old female presented with ...
Giometto Bruno - - 2012
It is not unusual to observe peripheral nervous system involvement in people with tumours outside the nervous system. Any part of the peripheral nervous system can be involved, from sensory and motor neurons to nerve roots and plexuses, from distal trunks to neuromuscular junctions. Pathogenesis also varies from direct infiltration ...
Poddar Nishant - - 2011
Cancers of the small bowel are relatively rare and account for approximately 1-2% of all gastrointestinal neoplasms. The most common histologic subtype - adenocarcinoma - constitutes 40% of all cases. These cancers generally present with vague abdominal discomfort and are often diagnosed at a late stage and carry a poor ...
Monsell F P - - 2011
Progressive angular deformity of an extremity due to differential physeal arrest is the most common late orthopaedic sequela following meningococcal septicaemia in childhood. A total of ten patients (14 ankles) with distal tibial physeal arrest as a consequence of meningococcal septicaemia have been reviewed. Radiological analysis of their ankles has ...
Green R - - 2011
Objective:We report an extremely rare case of vocal fold palsy secondary to vitamin B12 deficiency.Method:Case report and English-Language review of the world literature concerning vitamin B12 deficiency and its neurological manifestations. We discuss the physiological role of vitamin B and its specific relationship to the presented patient's symptoms.Results:We describe a ...
Torbenson Michael - - 2011
There has been a large increase in data on the genetic causes of iron accumulation. In addition, there is a growing body of literature on the significance of iron in liver biopsy specimens obtained for staging and grading chronic liver disease. In this review, the current literature is discussed with ...
Zhang Eko G - - 2011
Objectives. To describe a series of complex fetal anemia cases, detail the appropriate investigations and management, and review the literature. Methods. Four cases of non-red cell alloimmunization or infective cases of fetal anemia are presented. Results. Of the four cases presented, one was a neonatal death, one pregnancy was terminated, one case was ...
Kita Yasuyuki - - 2011
Recent reports on the synthetic studies of marine pyrroloiminoquinone alakloids and their analogs are reviewed.
Popova Svetlana - - 2011
AIMS: The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature related to the measurement of the economic impact of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in different countries and to categorize the available literature. METHODS: A systematic literature search of the studies concerning the economic impact ...
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