Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 404
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Blackman K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence that plasma alkalinization improves the outcome in tricyclic antidepressant toxicity. METHODS: Medline search from 1966 to October 2000 (articles in all languages were included) and examination of bibliographies. Published papers including animal studies, in vitro studies, human case reports, case series and retrospective studies were ...
Cameron P - - 2001
The 1986 study of 50 lesbian mothers by Green, et al. may be the most influential concerning homosexual parenting. However, after setting standards for--and noting preliminary evidence of--gender identity confusion in 1980 and 1982, confirmatory findings in 1986 were not included in the report's abstract and conclusions. Numerous discrepancies in ...
Philipp T - - 2001
The present study was conducted to determine the usefulness of transcervical embryoscopy in diagnosing localized and systemic defects in embryonic morphogenesis of missed abortions. The study population consisted of 24 women with the final diagnosis of missed abortion. Prior to the instrumental evacuation of the uterus a rigid hysteroscope was ...
Kejariwal D - - 2001
AIM: There are few studies on pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) from India. The present study was planned to elucidate the causes of in PUO Eastern India and to define the changing patterns of PUO, if any. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. PATIENTS: One hundred patients meeting the classic criteria ...
Van Der Kolk Bessel A. - - 2001
This paper reviews the currently available knowledge about the psychobiology and psychopharmacology of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It also reviews the various studies that have elucidated changes in brain function and structure in PTSD populations, including position emission tomography (PET), single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and event-related potential (ERP) ...
Gutheil T G - - 2001
This pilot study follows up an earlier study of the strategies and rationales by which psychiatric expert witnesses bill for their time on a case. Questionnaires were answered by participants at a workshop at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law (AAPL). In this follow-up, additional ...
Discalzi G - - 2000
We report a case of occupational parkinsonism due to manganese exposure in which professional exposure has been documented both by the high blood and urinary levels of the metal and by its presence in the materials used. A strong relation was evident among chelating treatment, cessation of exposure and clinical ...
Dealey C - - 2000
Case studies are often presented in relation to tissue viability problems. Within hierarchies of evidence, case studies are sometimes seen to be on a par with expert opinion. This paper examines the case study as a research method and seeks to determine its value in tissue viability research. The term ...
Heip, C.
The present state of knowledge on North Sea subtidal meiofauna is discussed. From an ecological point of view, mainly the hardbodied meiofauna taxa Nematoda and Copepoda have been studied to any extent. A short review of relevant taxonomic studies of these groups is also presented, together with a list of ...
Perinchery G - - 2000
PURPOSE: In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that microsatellite alterations (MSI) and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) are associated with Peyronie's disease. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed samples from patients with Peyronie's for MSI and LOH on chromosomes 3, 8 and 9 using 20 different genetic markers. MATERIALS ...
Rogers P - - 2000
Studies of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have predominantly focused on victims of trauma. Some studies have examined the after-effects of a person's own violent actions in combat or police situations. However, there is a sparsity of literature examining the development of PTSD in convicted perpetrators of violent crime, and there ...
Sobell L C - - 2000
The methodology of studies that reported data on individuals who recovered from an alcohol or other drug problem (cigarette smokers were excluded) without formal help or treatment were reviewed. Potential studies were identified (a) through computerized literature searches, (b) by reviewing references from key publications and (c) by correspondence with ...
Marchesini S - - 2000
With a small double-mirror setup, we used grazing-x-ray interferometry to study nanometric steps. These one-dimensional steps were microfabricated upon the surface of one of the two mirrors; the other mirror provided the reference wave. Two geometries were studied. In the longitudinal case in which the x rays are parallel to ...
Dewan, P. A. (Patrick ...
Includes list of publications and presentations by the author. Bibliography: leaves 166-194. A collection of laboratory and clinical studies in paediatric urology, including prospective and retrospective patient series, case reports of rare conditions. Also, technical innovations are documented and reviewed in light of international experience.
Gianni C - - 2000
The aim of our study was to evaluate the incidence, the clinic characteristics, the therapeutic antifungal response and the evaluation of side-effects in 51 non-dermatophytic onychomycosis cases which were observed in a case-study of 1012 patients, affected by different types of onychopathy, attending the Mycology Ambulatory of San Paolo Hospital, ...
Koutroubakis I E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Numerous epidemiological studies have been performed to determine risk factors that might contribute to the development of ulcerative colitis (UC). Recent studies have focused on the role of appendectomy in the disease's pathogenesis. This report aims to review and analyze the degree of evidence from recent published studies. METHODS: ...
Ginarte M - - 2000
We report three patients, two infants and an adult, in whom their tinea capitis clinically appeared as pityriasis amiantacea. The mycological studies showed infection due to Microsporum canis in all cases. Correct diagnosis as well as adequate antimycotic chemotherapy of this atypical manifestation of tinea capitis remain a challenge to ...
Joffe M M - - 2000
To review conceptual issues regarding confounding by indication in the context of studies of calcium channel blockers (CCBs). Review of literature, with special attention to two articles in the current issue. Conflicting arguments about the presence of uncontrollable confounding by indication in studies of CCBs are reviewed and criticized. Studies ...
Yin R K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To provide guidance on improving the quality of case studies in health services research. DATA SOURCES: Secondary data, drawing from previous case study research. RESEARCH DESIGN: Guidance is provided to two audiences: potential case study investigators (eight items) and reviewers of case study proposals (four additional items). PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: ...
Shackley P - - 1999
The objective of this study was to assess the level of reporting in economic studies in the area of peripheral vascular disease. Adequate reporting of data is necessary to judge the quality of economic studies by means of critical appraisal criteria. A systematic review of the journal literature between 1986 ...
DeGeorge J J - - 1999
At the present time, there are no uniform standards for the duration of non-rodent chronic toxicity studies. The European Union (EU) requires a 6-month non-rodent study. In Japan, a 6-month study is sufficient for most, but not all, compounds. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) maintains its standard duration ...
Brennen T - - 1999
A case study by Brennen, David, Fluchaire, and Pellat (1996) reported the case of a patient who could occasionally name celebrities with very low concurrent levels of semantic access, which is difficult to reconcile with current models of face identification. Hodges and Greene (1998) attribute Brennen et al.'s case study ...
Higgs R - - 1999
This article questions whether many are misled by current case studies. Three broad types of style of case study are described. A stark style, based on medical case studies, a fictionalised style in reaction, and a personal statement made in discussion groups by an original protagonist. Only the second type ...
Saleh K J - - 1999
The study reviewed the literature to appraise the quality, quantity, and type of economic evaluation as it pertains to the knee arthroplasty literature. A computerized bibliographic search of MEDLINE from 1966-1996 was conducted, revealing a total of 43,178 articles dealing with cost analysis, of which 1611 were orthopedic. Of the ...
Murad A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To critically review the published literature regarding the proposed association of ovarian stimulation and increased risk of ovarian tumors. DESIGN: A medline search (1966-1997) was done to identify case reports and epidemiological studies relevant to the issue in question. Review articles and critical reappraisals in the form of comments ...
Park K - - 1998
We present a case of desmoplastic cerebral astrocytoma of infancy (DCAI) in a 9-month-old boy including immunohistochemical and proliferative activity studies. It was mainly composed of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-positive astrocytes and desmoplastic stroma. Studies with Ki-67 and synthetic phase fraction disclosed a low proliferative activity. Flow cytometric study ...
van de Wiel M W - - 1998
PURPOSE: To investigate the differences between experts, intermediates, and novices in diagnosing and representing clinical cases under various time constraints. METHOD: Second-, fourth-, and sixth-year medical students, and internists studied, diagnosed, and recalled four clinical cases from internal medicine. Participants were allowed to study each case for either 3 minutes, ...
Kropp K G - - 1998
Condensed thiophenes comprise a significant portion of the organosulfur compounds in petroleum and in other products from fossil fuels. Dibenzothiophene (DBT) has served as a model compound in biodegradation studies for over two decades. However, until quite recently, few other organosulfur compounds were studied, and their fates in petroleum-contaminated environments ...
Charlton B G - - 1998
Case studies have acquired an unmerited reputation as being anecdotal, unscientific and intrinsically inferior to group studies. The subsequent disregarding of individual patients as the focus of investigation has led to the neglect of an extremely useful clinical research method, and has probably impaired the pace of therapeutic innovation. The ...
Neistadt M E - - 1998
Students are taught how to apply clinical reasoning methods through a variety of teaching methods, including the use of case studies. Various types of case studies have been described in the literature: paper cases, videotape cases, simulated client cases, and real client cases. This study examined the effectiveness of a ...
Funai E F - - 1997
To test the hypothesis that researchers in obstetrics and gynecology favor an observational type of study design. The 12 regular issues of Obstetrics & Gynecology published during 1996 were analyzed. All articles in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology were reviewed for the year 1996, except that separate issues covering case ...
Barton S - - 1997
Selecting cases suitable for treatment with a functional appliance remains a problem as much of the relevant literature is anecdotal. There are also design and methodologic differences between the available studies, and most studies are limited to the Andresen type of appliance. The literature suggests that functional appliances are most ...
Longenecker J C - - 1997
Recently published case-control studies have generated considerable controversy. Compared with prospective studies, case-control studies permit investigation of uncommon diseases or outcomes in a more cost and time efficient manner. In addition, multiple possible risk factors can be studied simultaneously. If the assumptions of the study design are met, results of ...
Terris D J - - 1997
Finkelstein et al have attempted to provide objective data regarding laser-assisted uvulopalatoplasty (LAUP) and uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP). Their study represents an important and ambitious undertaking because there is a paucity of anatomical studies in the literature. There are several significant concerns in the design of the protocol, however, that require caution ...
Utami S S - - 1997
Information about meat-eating behavior by wild orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) is scant. The first article about such a case dates from 1981. Since 1989, seven incidents of adult female Sumatran orangutans eating slow lorises (Nycticebus coucang) have been witnessed. Three females from two study sites were involved. In three cases the ...
Chamyal P C - - 1997
Eruption of ectopic and supernumerary teeth into the nasal cavity is quite an uncommon condition and may present with varying degree of morbidity. The purpose of this short report is to highlight the mode of presentation, management and review of relevant literature of this rare occurrence.
Garippa P A - - 1997
The following case study illustrates the treatment of a single male with an erectile dysfunction as well as an inability to achieve orgasm by partner stimulation. His partner also suffered from the latter dysfunction. Although we never saw his partner, we were able to cure both dysfunctions in the patient ...
Shapiro S - - 1996
In 1989 and 1990, 2 reports of a new disease labeled the eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS) and attributed to L-tryptophan (LT) were published. In subsequent studies a putative contaminant was implicated. In this review the following studies are considered: the initial 2 reports of the overall association, one report of an ...
Bang K M - - 1996
The development of occupational epidemiology has been steadily accelerating, both with regard to methodology and the number of studies being conducted. This chapter reviews the general applications of occupational epidemiology and illustrates some of the various studies reported in the literature in order to assist in the practical application of ...
Mont M A - - 1996
A complete review of the literature disclosed that there were 42 reports of 2025 hips treated by either core decompression (1206 hips) or nonoperative management (819 hips), excluding electrical stimulation, for osteonecrosis of the femoral head. The peer-reviewed published reports included general surveys, prospective studies, and multicenter studies, but excluded ...
Vernon H T - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on outcome studies of chiropractic/manipulation for tension-type and migraine headaches. DESIGN: Qualitative literature review. RESULTS: Of nine studies of manipulation for tension-type headaches that reported quantitative outcomes, four were randomized clinical trials and five were case series designs. These studies reported on 729 subjects, 613 ...
Baker-Nobles L - - 1995
This article presents a review of the literature and a case study on a child with cortical visual impairment. The literature review covers the diagnosis, etiology, prevalence, prognosis, and a comparison of the differences between children with cortical visual impairment and those with ocular impairment. The case study presents occupational ...
Stolwijk A M - - 1995
This report compares validity, precision and convenience of three frequently used parameters used to describe seasonality in reproductive outcome: prevalence, index and ratio observed versus expected. Each has its advantages and disadvantages; the choice of the parameter depends on the aim of the study. It is advisable to report the ...
McKenzie S - - 1995
Guidelines for the preparation of structured reports for laboratory studies, clinical studies, epidemiological studies, and observations could be useful. A structured report should prompt reviewers to acknowledge familiarity or otherwise with method, background papers, and so on. New reviewers could draw up their own system. Reports should be helpful and ...
Harlow B L - - 1995
The authors provide a detailed review of the events that led to the interest in talc as a possible ovarian carcinogen, the epidemiological studies published to date, and their perspective on the interpretation of the findings including potential limitations, biases, and issues surrounding the plausibility of a causal association. The ...
Fishbain D A - - 1995
The "secondary gain" concept originated in the psychoanalytic literature, where it was never vigorously examined. The purpose of this review is to determine if there are scientific studies that have explored the validity of this concept. DESIGN: A computer and manual literature review yielded 166 references in which primary, secondary, ...
Bourg S - - 1995
Twenty-two forensic diplomates and 22 general clinical psychologists were asked to review a variety of psychological data from one of four cases (two cases of malingering and two cases of legal insanity) to determine whether data suggested malingering or insanity. Of the 44 psychologists who reviewed cases, 86.4% accurately determined ...
Fernandes N C - - 1994
The results of 32 cases studied lead us to the conclusion that erythema nodosum's investigation routine is very important, once in our retrospective study, the percentage of cases of unknown etiology was 69.4%, and in this prospective study it is 21.8%. In 10 cases (31.2%), more than one causing agent ...
Theberge J B - - 1994
We report six cases of rabies (three confirmed, three suspected) in gray wolves (Canis lupus) representing 21% of the total wolf mortality in a 5 yr study (1987 to 1992) of radio-collared wolves in Algonquin Provincial Park, Ontario, Canada. Reports of rabies in wolves of the Great Lakes region of ...
Kelly I W - - 1994
Martens, Kelly, and Saklofske in 1988 examined 21 studies considering the possible relationship between lunar periodicities and birthrate. They reported that the majority of studies uncovered no relationship and that the positive studies were inconsistent in their findings. The present update reports on six additional studies on birthrate and lunar ...
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