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Wang Xiao-Liang - - 2011
Ophiocordyceps sinensis (≡ Cordyceps sinensis) is one of the most valued medicinal fungi in China, used for its invigorating effects in strengthening the body and restoring energy. The fungus parasitizes larvae of moths and converts them into sclerotia from which the fungus fruiting body grows. Since the late 1950s, considerable ...
Sehnal Richard - - 2011
A review of Polyphylla Harris, 1841, species belonging to the subgenus Granida Motschulsky, 1861, from continental Asia is presented. One new species is described from Thailand: Polyphylla (Granida) simonisp. n.Polyphylla (Granida) nikodymi de Wailly, 1993, is recorded from Thailand for the first time. Polyphylla (Granida) minor Nomura, 1977, is recorded ...
George Mamatha - - 2011
Kaposi's varicelliform eruption (KVE) is a widespread cutaneous eruption caused by viruses, especially herpes simplex virus in patients with pre-existing dermatoses. "Psoriasis herpeticum" refers to the rare occurrence of KVE in patients with psoriasis. We report a case of KVE localized to the face in a patient with exfoliative dermatitis ...
Song Jae W - - 2010
Observational studies constitute an important category of study designs. To address some investigative questions in plastic surgery, randomized controlled trials are not always indicated or ethical to conduct. Instead, observational studies may be the next best method of addressing these types of questions. Well-designed observational studies have been shown to ...
Cassidy J D - - 2010
Background In 2004, the WHO Collaborating Centre for Neurotrauma, Prevention, Management and Rehabilitation Task Force on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury published a supplement to the Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine containing a best evidence synthesis of the scientific literature on the epidemiology, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of MTBI. This systematic review ...
O'Connor Annette M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate reporting of key study design features and study outcomes in trials of antimicrobial treatment of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) in North American feedlots. DESIGN: Systematic review. SAMPLE POPULATION: 29 manuscripts (41 studies) reporting antimicrobial treatment of BRD in North American feedlot cattle. PROCEDURES: A search of the ...
Podolak Irma - - 2010
Saponins are natural glycosides which possess a wide range of pharmacological properties including cytotoxic activity. In this review, the recent studies (2005-2009) concerning the cytotoxic activity of saponins have been summarized. The correlations between the structure and the cytotoxicity of both steroid and triterpenoid saponins have been described as well ...
Chuang Ryan - - 2010
There are few controlled clinical trials in medical toxicology to guide treatment decisions. Given the relative paucity of definitive data, we determined the types of evidence used to support treatment recommendations given in three major toxicology textbooks. One author reviewed the acetaminophen, tricyclic antidepressant, calcium channel blocker plus any relevant ...
Williams Nigel - - 2010
New studies suggest the extent to which fungi are local to their indoor habitats.
Hoffman Donald R - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review summarizes knowledge about ants that are known to sting humans and their venoms. RECENT FINDINGS: Fire ants and Chinese needle ants are showing additional spread of range. Fire ants are now important in much of Asia. Venom allergens have been characterized and studied for fire ...
Feneck Robert - - 2010
Every perioperative transoesophageal echo (TEE) study should generate a written report. A verbal report may be given at the time of the study. Important findings must be included in the written report. Where the perioperative TEE findings are new, or have led to a change in operative surgery, postoperative care ...
Scott Neil W - - 2010
Differential item functioning (DIF) analyses are used to determine whether certain groups respond differently to a particular item of a test or questionnaire; however, these do not explain the reasons for observed response differences. Many studies have used external reviews of items, sometimes using blinded reviewers, to help interpret these ...
Langan Sin?ad - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of reporting in observational studies in dermatology. DATA SOURCES: Five dermatology journals-the Archives of Dermatology, the British Journal of Dermatology, the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, the Journal of Investigative Dermatology, and Acta Dermato-Venereologica. STUDY SELECTION: Cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies published as ...
Ravi K - - 2010
Twenty-four-hour ambulatory multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII)-pH detects both acid and nonacid reflux (NAR). A computer-based program (Autoscan™, Sandhill Scientific, Highlands Ranch, CO, USA) automates the detection of reflux episodes, increasing the ease of study interpretation. Inter-observer agreement between multiple reviewers and with Autoscan™ for the evaluation of significant NAR with ...
Epstein Michael S - - 2010
Nondestructive analyses using a quadrupole inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (ICP-QMS) and polarizing, multi-target, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (PEDXRF) with three-dimensional optics were conducted on Judean coins from the first century BCE and CE to determine the efficacy and limits of these methods for numismatic analyses of coins with a patina. ...
Firth Jill - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to examine design and reporting issues that affect prevalence estimates of leg ulceration obtained using self-report and outline strategies to strengthen the validity and reliability of research in this area. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We identified leg ulcer prevalence studies and evaluated them ...
Ghantoji S S - - 2010
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the leading cause of infectious diarrhoea in hospitalised patients. CDI increases patient healthcare costs due to extended hospitalisation, re-hospitalisation, laboratory tests and medications. However, the economic costs of CDI on healthcare systems remain uncertain. The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review ...
Thompson Rachel L - - 2010
The aim of the present systematic review was to evaluate the influence of early life exposure (maternal and childhood) to peanuts and the subsequent development of sensitisation or allergy to peanuts during childhood. Studies were identified using electronic databases and bibliography searches. Studies that assessed the impact of non-avoidance compared ...
Turpen Ryan M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine to what extent urologists with no specific training agree upon level of evidence (LoE) ratings of studies published in the urological literature, as LoE are commonly referenced as a measure of evidence quality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 86 clinical research studies published in four major urology ...
Crean Sheila - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Bovine thrombin, a popular hemostat and sealant since 1945, has recently been subjected to clinical trial testing due to reformulations in 1998. We sought to compare adverse event rates of early observational studies with those of later interventional trials. METHODS: A MEDLINE-based literature search in publications that report safety ...
Camilo Daniella Fernandes - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Asthma and obesity are among the major causes of morbidity in childhood and adolescence. Early obesity increases the chances of chronic degenerative diseases in adults. Although the concomitance or both clinical situations are being demonstrated in various studies, the intrinsic mechanisms of this association are still very little known. ...
Sallam Hanaa S - - 2010
This review evaluated published data regarding the effects of ghrelin on GI motility using the PubMed database for English articles from 1999 to September 2009. Our strategy was to combine all available information from previous literature, in order to provide a complete structured review on the prokinetic properties of exogenous ...
Singh V - - 2010
A 58-year-old man with long standing unexplained iron deficiency anaemia presented with severe hypercalcaemia and was subsequently diagnosed with multiple myeloma. Anaemia in multiple myeloma is usually normochromic and normocytic.1 To our knowledge, there are no reported cases in the English literature of true iron deficiency associated with multiple myeloma. ...
Murphy Shirley A - - 2010
Published documents were used to identify women's and children's exposure experiences following two mass disasters and two terrorist attacks that occurred in the United States. Research reports, clinical needs assessments, and a case study were analyzed to determine the type and severity of women's and children's exposure. Research reports were ...
Shim Youn K - - 2010
Individuals with monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis (MBL) have been identified in clinic outpatients, in unaffected relatives of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and in general populations. MBL and its relationship with CLL have been actively investigated over the last decade. This report systematically reviews the prevalence of MBL in the ...
Louis Elan D - - 2010
Essential tremor (ET) is among the most prevalent neurological diseases, yet its etiology is not well understood. Susceptibility genotypes undoubtedly underlie many ET cases, although no genes have been identified thus far. Environmental factors are also likely to contribute to the etiology of ET. Harmane (1-methyl-9H-pyrido[3,4-beta]indole) is a potent, tremor-producing ...
Karatas J C - - 2010
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) was first reported as successful in humans in the early 1990s and nearly two decades later the psychological impact of PGD has not yet been clearly defined. As PGD requires the use of IVF, this paper provides a brief summary of literature related to the various ...
Lajiness Michelle J - - 2009
Botox is a sterile, vacuum-dried, purified BoNT-A produced from fermentation of Clostridium botulinum. There is an abundance of literature to support the use of Botox in urology, and its off-label use continues to grow. While there are no FDA-approved clinical indications, there are ongoing phase II and III studies to ...
Palmeira-de-Oliveira A - - 2009
Anti-Candida activity of essential oils has been widely studied and as a consequence they are being investigated as possible alternatives or complementary therapeutic agents for candidosis. We reviewed the most studied essential oils concerning chemical composition and in vitro/in vivo studies under the perspective of their possible clinical use.
Verbeek Jos - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Business cases are commonly developed as means to rationalize investment. We systematically reviewed 26 reported cases on occupational safety and health (OSH) interventions to assess if health and productivity arguments make a good business case. METHODS: To be included in the review, studies had to analyze the costs and ...
Stohs Sidney J - - 2009
Although a number of cases of hepatotoxicity are associated with the use of Hydroxycut weight management products, it has been alleged that their effects are primarily due to the presence of hydroxycitric acid (HCA, as Super CitriMax) in the formulations. However, while these products contain up to 20 different ingredients, ...
- - 2009
The management of pain represents a key foundation skill in the practice of endodontics. Fortunately, this clinical topic has been addressed by a number of high quality randomized controlled clinical trials. Accordingly, the skilled clinician has the ability to apply knowledge gained from relatively high-level evidence-based outcomes to specific clinical ...
- - 2009
The study of pathogens related to the development of pulpal inflammation and necrosis and the ultimate development of apical periodontitis represents a central feature of contemporary endodontic research. The pace of research in this field has greatly accelerated over the last decade caused in part by the introduction of molecular ...
- - 2009
The practice of endodontics requires expertise in a number of clinical domains in order to reliably treat or prevent the development of apical periodontitis. In this topic area, we review clinical studies that focus on issues related to the apex of the root canal system. This might include anatomic studies ...
- - 2009
Periodontal diseases have several implications for the practice of endodontics. First, advanced periodontitis often has direct implications for the long-term prognosis of the case and requires careful evaluation and coordinated treatment of both the periodontic and endodontic diseases. Second, the potential for functional interactions between odontogenic pathoses and marginal periodontitis ...
Parsons Thomas D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To provide a narrative review of studies regarding the outcomes of Virtual Reality (VR)-based treatment and rehabilitation programmes within the paediatric population. METHODS: Studies related to the use of VR across a number of paediatric areas (e.g. cerebral palsy, autism, foetal alcohol syndrome and attention deficits) were identified and ...
- - 2009
The delivery of vital pulp therapy is a field replete with controversies regarding clinical outcomes, risk factors (eg, primary vs permanent teeth), and optimal treatments. This is an ideal topic for summary analyses of the evidence-based literature that focus on study quality, advantages, and limitations. In this year's inaugural special ...
- - 2009
In this section, we analyze recent studies on pulpectomy procedures. These procedures represent an interesting example of dental treatment offered by general dentists, pediatric dentists, and endodontists. Accordingly, there is a need for a centralized source of analysis of these studies. It is our belief that this special issue might ...
- - 2009
We have divided the analysis of pharmacology studies into studies on local anesthetics and studies on all other pharmacologic agents. This division reflects the large number of studies focusing on methods for obtaining effective anesthesia in patients and permits an independent focus on those clinical studies evaluating nonanesthetic drugs. In ...
Shprintzen Robert J - - 2009
Journal articles relevant to the diagnosis and treatment of velopharyngeal insufficiency were reviewed. All studies ascertained by PubMed search were included. Studies reported on the application of magnetic resonance scanning, reliability tests of the International Working Group diagnostic protocol, the use of nasometry, and techniques designed to assess the function ...
Wai Eugene K - - 2010
Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder that often occurs in the working-age population. Although numerous physical activities have been implicated in its etiology, determining causation remains challenging and requires a methodologically rigorous approach. To conduct a systematic review focused on establishing a causal relationship between occupational bending ...
Gartlehner Gerald - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty about the applicability of controlled trial findings is an increasing concern for clinicians and policy decision makers. This study aimed to determine whether information reported in studies included in systematic reviews was adequate enough to assess their applicability. METHODS: We used the databases of four recently conducted systematic ...
Bell C L - - 2009
Congruence between preferred and actual place of death is an important palliative care outcome reported in the literature. We examined methods of measuring and reporting congruence to highlight variations impairing cross-study comparisons. Medline, PsychInfo, CINAHL, and Web of Science were systematically searched for clinical research studies examining patient preference and ...
Yusuf Erlangga - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between weight or body mass index (BMI) and the development of hand osteoarthritis. METHODS: Systematic review of observational studies. Medical databases were searched up to April 2008. Articles that presented data on the association between weight and hand osteoarthritis were selected. The qualities of these ...
Chang YunKyung - - 2009
Reports of qualitative studies typically do not offer much information on the numbers of respondents linked to any one finding. This information may be especially useful in reports of basic, or minimally interpretive, qualitative descriptive studies focused on surveying a range of experiences in a target domain, and its lack ...
Stoeckel, James A.
Progess Report
Cook D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The objective of this report is to describe the roles, responsibilities and recommendations of a 3-member Event Adjudication Committee (EAC) and a 5-member data monitoring committee (DMC) for a prospective multicenter observational study of critically ill patients with renal insufficiency examining the bioaccumulation and bleeding risk associated with dalteparin ...
Theodoratou Dorina - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: In this study we reviewed the published literature on the economic evaluation of the use of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) for the treatment of hypertension, either primary or due to diabetes. METHODS: An extensive literature review was undertaken. The HEED (Health Economic Evaluations Database) of the Office for Health ...
Chang Edwin Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based medicine (EBM) has earned increasing attention in all fields of medicine. However, the implementation of EBM is not yet universal, especially in surgery and its subspecialties. A critical assessment of the quality of scientific evidence in the aesthetic surgery literature is needed to promote the practice of EBM. ...
Rosenfeld Yaakov - - 2009
Accurate clinical reports of In Vitro Fertilization Cycle Rank (IVF-CR) are important because of their predictive value of treatment success--clinical pregnancy. Our district currently provides more than a hundred IVF pick-up cycles per month. The study objective was to evaluate and improve the accuracy of IVF units' reports of IVF-CR. ...
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