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Results 301 - 350 of 462
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Nishimura G - - 1996
We report on a 14-year-old Japanese boy with radiographic features resembling those of Desbuquois dysplasia, including advanced carpal ossification, a "monkey wrench" appearance of the proximal femora, mild spondylar dysplasia, and generalized osteopenia. In contrast to the hitherto known patients with this disorder, however, his birth length was normal, and ...
Pigno M A - - 1996
Ectodermal dysplasia is commonly a difficult condition to manage with prosthodontics because of the typical oral deficiencies and because the afflicted individuals are quite young when they are evaluated for treatment. It is important that these individuals receive dental treatment at an early age for physiologic and psychosocial reasons. This ...
Hunter A G - - 1996
Despite expanding knowledge and technological advances there are patients whose diagnosis remains unknown, either due to failure to recognize previously reported cases, or because the patient represents an undescribed condition. The woman described in this paper has distinctive clinical signs and it is hoped this will lead to the rediscovery ...
Delap T G - - 1996
Fibro-osseous dysplasia is a developmental non familial, benign anomaly of bone development occurring in single or multiple bones, characterised by the replacement of normal bone by fibro-osseous tissue. We describe the case of a fourteen year old boy, which illustrates many of the difficulties confronting surgeons dealing with this uncommon ...
Hakim J G - - 1996
In Africa endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) is rare outside countries where it is endemic, such as Uganda, Mozambique and Ivory Coast. The only published case in Zimbabwe was in 1957. We describe two female patients aged 22 and 19 years who presented within seven months of each other with typical clinical, ...
Baran R - - 1996
Often misdiagnosed, congenital malalignment of the big toenail is not an uncommon condition. It consists of a lateral deviation of the long axis of nail growth relative to the distal phalanx. This would be of minor importance if it were not for local complications that may arise in infancy and ...
al-Gazali L I - - 1996
We report two sibs with typical clinical and radiological features of spondylo-meta-epiphyseal dysplasia, short limb abnormal calcification type. In both, the degree of calcification is more extensive than in the previously reported cases and involved all the epiphyses, ligaments and chondral tissues. Intelligence is normal in both children and the ...
Schild R L - - 1996
A series of three cases is reported in which the diagnosis of thanatophoric dysplasia was reached at routine mid-trimester scanning in a District General Hospital. All three patients underwent termination of pregnancy with the diagnosis of thanatophoric dysplasia confirmed by postmortem radiographic and histological examinations. A review of the current ...
Chambers T - - 1996
Most ethicists have paid little attention to the rhetorical features of case presentations. In order to examine the constructed nature of bioethics cases, this paper examines the literary characteristics of four presentations of Donald "Dax" Cowart's story. By comparing tellings of the same case, a pattern of redaction is revealed ...
Burgert S - - 1996
A case of recurring digital fibroma of childhood is presented. The natural history of this condition over several years is documented. The literature is reviewed, with particular reference to the management of the condition. Surgeons should be aware of the clinical features and the principles of management of this condition, ...
Richards A - - 1996
Craniometaphyseal and craniodiaphyseal dysplasia are rare genetic disorders of bone due to modelling errors of long bones and skull bones. These syndromes present with multiple ENT symptomatology from an early age. The diagnostic distinction can now be made radiologically by serial skeletal survey which is important for prognosis. We review ...
Roth P - - 1996
This is a report on two cases of mesomelic dysplasia Langer type. This is a rare kind of dwarfism which combines severe dwarfism with predominant shortening of the forearms and lower legs and other morphological abnormalities. The diagnosis can be made by ultrasonography in the early second trimester of the ...
Pina-Neto J M - - 1996
This is a report on a Brazilian patient with spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia with joint laxity (SEMDJL; MIM 271640), a rare autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia characterized by dwarfism, articular hypermobility, progressive intractable spinal malalignment, a typical facies and a propensity to joint dislocation and subluxation. The condition has been described only in ...
Rudnik-Schöneborn S - - 1996
Although large studies on sex chromosome abnormalities have not detected a higher incidence of malformations in 47,XYY males, several case reports suggest that there is an association between renal agenesis or cystic dysplasia of the kidney and XYY status. The authors report 3 further infants with XYY karyotype who had ...
MacDonald-Jankowski D S - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To report the radiological features of florid osseous dysplasia (FOD) in a Chinese population. METHODS: Twenty-three cases of histologically confirmed FOD affecting middle-aged Hong Kong Chinese women were reviewed. RESULTS: Sixteen patients presented with symptoms arising from the lesions. Twelve cases exhibited bilateral lesions, five were in both the ...
Hong J R - - 1995
The authors report the case of bilateral gonadoblastomas in a phenotypic female, with a 46,XY karyotype, with campomelic dysplasia. Although campomelic dysplasia with gonadal dysgenesis should be expected to contribute to an increased risk of gonadoblastoma, this is the first documented case report of campomelic dysplasia and gonadoblastoma. Phenotypic females ...
Potocki L - - 1995
Autopsy records from the Women and Infants' Hospital from January 1974 through January 1994 were reviewed to identify cardiac malformations in the presence of skeletal dysplasia. Of 24 cases of lethal fetal or neonatal osteochondrodysplasias, 4 were given diagnoses in which disorders of type II collagen are regarded as causative. ...
Buss P W - - 1995
Twenty-four cases of EEC syndrome were identified as part of a nationwide study. Ectodermal dysplasia, by study definition, was present in all cases and hair and teeth were universally affected. Nail dysplasia was present in 19 subjects (79%) and the skin was affected in 21 (87%). The presence of hypohidrosis ...
Kozlowski K - - 1995
Two sibling girls with cone-shaped knee epiphyses and metaphyses are described. Bone dysplasia with this rare, distinctive, radiographic finding, was first reported by Bellini and Bardare with only few cases reported thereafter. Velores et al. divided bone dysplasias with cone-shaped epiphyses and metaphyses of the knee in two entities which ...
Yadav T P - - 1995
We report a 5-year-old girl with partial anodontia, hypotrichosis, hyperpigmentation of the skin, absence of pilosebaceous structures, and long thin fingers. There has as yet been, to the best of our knowledge, no report of such a combination of features. A review of conditions combining ectodermal dysplasia (subgroup 1-2) with ...
Dickstein J I - - 1995
In the preceding paragraphs, the features that define the various members of the CMPD have been reviewed. These features are summarized in Table 4. Knowledge of these guidelines will aid the clinician and pathologist in arriving at a proper classification; however, in most cases, it is the occasional patient whose ...
Dickey R - - 1995
Two cases of gender-dysphoric genetic females who describe a sexual attraction to phenotypic males are reported. After outlining their individual histories, the authors note common clinical features of this subtype of transsexualism. Similar characteristics have also been found in the few cases of heterosexual transsexualism in genetic females reported by ...
Miracco C - - 1995
Gastric dysplasia (high-grade, HGD, and low-grade, LGD) and normal mucosa were tested for anti-p53, anti-Ki-67 and anti-PCNA monoclonal antibodies on paraffin sections, and for relative AgNOR area and number on semithin Epon-Araldite sections. The proliferative compartment in normal mucosa was restricted to the middle layer corresponding to the neck-isthmus region. ...
Esposito S J - - 1995
Fibrous dysplasia is a benign fibro-osseous disorder that often affects both the maxilla and mandible. The dentist, therefore, is often the first person to identify and diagnose the disease. This article focuses on the pathology, diagnosis, clinical course, and treatment of this complex problem. A case report demonstrates the multidisciplinary ...
Dominguez R - - 1995
The craniocervical junction, a vital but anatomically complex region, presents additional interpretative challenges in patients with skeletal dysplasias and other syndromes involving the musculoskeletal apparatus. Our objective was to review the radiological evaluation used in such conditions; to do so, we identified retrospectively all of the occipitocervical studies done during ...
Yalniz E - - 1995
A fibrosarcoma is reported in the spine of a 53-year-old man with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia. There was no history of endocrine disturbances and no previous irradiation. Malignant transformation in fibrous dysplasia is rare. A review of the literature reveals 101 cases of malignant degeneration occurring in fibrous dysplasia. We believe ...
Ricci R - - 1995
A case of spondylo-epimetaphyseal dysplasia with joint laxity (SEMDJL) in an Italian girl is reported. This condition is mainly observed in the Afrikaans population of South Africa with an ancestral founder believed to be localized in West Germany. This case might support a link with the European origin of SEMDJL.
Bétrémieux P - - 1995
Between 1988 and 1992, 18 mechanically ventilated newborn babies (mean weight 1300 g and gestational age 30 weeks) presented with deteriorating respiratory failure at a mean age of 29 days. All developed increased oxygen requirements, hypoxic and hypercapnic episodes, and radiological changes of fixed lobar emphysema or recurrent atelectasis which ...
Devriendt K - - 1995
Craniofrontonasal dysplasia: more severe expression in the mother than in her son: We report a family with craniofrontonasal dysplasia in a mother and her son. In addition to the typical clinical features, the present case report further illustrates two sofar unexplained observations in craniofrontonasal dysplasia: a more severe clinical expression ...
Schrander-Stumpel C - - 1994
We report a male infant with de la Chapelle dysplasia (atelosteogenesis type II), a skeletal dysplasia characterized by severe shortening of the long bones, deficient ossification of distinct parts of the skeleton, cleft palate and neonatal death from asphyxia. This is a rare condition with only 10 patients described in ...
Carakushansky G - - 1994
Here we report on a girl with diploid/triploid mosaicism followed up to age 5 years. The clinical manifestations are compared to those of other reported cases. In contrast to most cases, our patient was not growth retarded despite severe delays in psychomotor development. We also discuss 2 manifestations that have ...
Sillence D - - 1994
We report the case of a newborn with a lethal newborn skeletal dysplasia, in whom skeletal and morphologic findings resembled those in schneckenbecken dysplasia except that the projection of bone from the medial aspect of the iliac bones, resembling the "snail's" head, was absent. This could be accounted for by ...
Tang A C - - 1994
Human papillomavirus has been identified with DNA hybridization techniques in Schneiderian papillomas, though results reported in the literature have been conflicting. This study investigated 33 cases of Schneiderian papilloma (26 inverted papillomas, seven fungiform papillomas). In situ hybridization using a cocktail of human papillomavirus (HPV) probes 6/11, 16/18, 31/33/35 failed ...
Patel L - - 1994
We present a case of gonadotrophin-independent precocious puberty, as seen in McCune-Albright syndrome, and Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis in a six and a half year-old girl. Her father also reports having early puberty and is similarly affected with dyschondrosteosis. This combination of features has not been reported previously, and represents the association ...
Castañeyra-Perdomo A - - 1994
We have studied the subcommissural organ of two hydrocephalic brains, of 20 and 21 gestational weeks and of two normal brains, aged 19 and 23 gestational weeks. Both hydrocephalic cases presented a size reduction of the subcommissural organ compared to the normal cases; only in one case, there were also ...
Tope W D - - 1994
Rhinophyma may present with either of two distinct histopathologic appearances. The most common shows histopathologic features of rosacea. The second pattern shows telangiectasia, diffuse dermal fibrosis with abundant mucin, and a virtual absence of pilosebaceous structures. These histopathologic features of the lesser-known fibrous variant of rhinophyma mimic those of fibrous ...
Sinha A K - - 1994
Roberts syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder with highly variable clinical features. The most notable manifestations include pre- and postnatal growth retardation, craniofacial anomalies and improper development of all four extremities. We reviewed 50 cases whose clinical evaluation has been vigorously pursued. A relationship of deformities exists between humerus ...
Moerman P - - 1994
Renal agenesis and dysplasia are frequently regarded by pathologists, even pediatric pathologists, as sporadic malformations. We report six fetal autopsy cases of hereditary renal adysplasia (HRA): two pairs of siblings, one case with paternal unilateral renal agenesis, and one case with an autosomal balanced 6p/19q translocation. The main purpose of ...
Stanciu C - - 1994
Congenital glenoid dysplasia is a rare congenital condition of the shoulder. We report the case of a 6-year-old girl that was referred to our institution for restricted motion of both shoulders. Radiological examination revealed bilateral glenoid dysplasia. At the time of the child's examination, her mother also complained of shoulder ...
Donnelly M J - - 1994
Fibrous dysplasia of the temporal bone is a very unusual condition and its association with an abnormal lymph node has not been previously reported. Although it is benign condition causing conductive deafness, cholesteatoma may develop insidiously as illustrated by this case. We recommend regular long term follow up and surgical ...
Ruggieri P - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Malignancies in fibrous dysplasia are rare. Most cases have been published as single case reports. The role of radiation therapy in the occurrence of sarcoma in fibrous dysplasia is still controversial. METHODS: The Mayo Clinic files were reviewed, including Mayo Clinic cases and consultation cases, to collect all cases ...
Quintal M C - - 1994
The soft tissue myxoma of the oral cavity is a rare neoplasm. We report a case arising from the palate in a 15-year-old male. A review of the literature is presented with clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural data confirming the diagnosis. The pathogenesis and differential diagnosis are discussed with reference to ...
Teyssier M - - 1994
A 46,XY (18.9%)/48,XYYY (81.1%) mosaicism in lymphocytes and a 48,XYYY karyotype in skin fibroblasts were found in a 37-year-old obese man suffering from dysplasia of the right hip. As other reported cases, he showed mental retardation and behaviour disturbances with agressiveness, sexual impulsions. Testicular biopsy revealed fibrohyalinization in about 10% ...
Lachman R S - - 1994
The skeletal dysplasias (osteochondrodysplasias) comprise a heterogeneous group of disorders that are characterized by generalized abnormalities of skeletal growth and development. Of approximately 125 well-described skeletal dysplasias, about 50 are clinically apparent and identifiable at birth. The prevalence of these dysplasias in the newborn is quite frequent and has been ...
Bearzi I - - 1994
The results of a ten-year follow-up study on gastric dysplasia (GD) are reported. A total of 260 cases were diagnosed, 125 of which had an adequate follow-up, 81 Low Grade Dysplasia (LGD) and 44 High Grade Dysplasia (HGD). Patients with LGD were younger than patients with HGD, while no significant ...
Vallcanera Calatayud A - - 1994
Severe unilateral varus deformity of the distal end of the femur secondary to a focal fibrous lesion is reported. It is a malformative process rare at this level, this being the first report of it in the radiological literature. The conventional radiograph is pathognomonic and CT is useful in the ...
Greally M T - - 1993
Atelosteogenesis I (AT-I) and Boomerang dysplasia have been described as separate lethal bone dysplasias. The possibility of a common cause of both conditions was suggested by Hunter and Carpenter (Clin Genet 39(6): 471-480, 1991) in their report of a patient with apparent manifestations of both AT-I and Boomerang dysplasia. We ...
Fryburg J S - - 1993
Frontonasal dysplasia is thought to be a sporadic condition limited to the face and head. We describe a family from the Bahamas in which a mother, 2 of her children, and the mother's brother have variable manifestations of frontonasal dysplasia. The mother has extremely mild expression, but her brother and ...
Prayson M A - - 1993
An association between fibrous dysplasia and myxomas (soft-tissue neoplasms of mesenchymal origin) has been described in the literature. The authors report another such case of fibrous dysplasia/myxoma coexistence: a patient with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia who developed right anterior thigh pain from a solitary intramuscular myxoma. After a thorough review of ...
Shohat M - - 1993
We report a distinct type of spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia seen in 2 sibs and their second cousin, characterized by early onset severe short stature, small chest, and distended abdomen. They had short neck, severe lumbar lordosis, and marked genu varum due to fibular overgrowth and joint laxity. Radiographically, the patients had ...
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