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Marques Rita - - 2011
Neurobrucellosis manifesting as optic neuritis is a rare disease in childhood. We report a case of neurobrucellosis in a 11 year old girl leading to visual impairment and headache. Physical examination revealed mild oedema of right tibiotarsic joint and optic neuritis. Investigations showed CSF pleocytosis and a Brucella serum agglutination ...
Chiang Chen-Hao - - 2011
Synovial osteochondromatosis is usually monoarticular, involving a large joint. Common locations include the knee, elbow, shoulder, and hip. It is not very common in the ankle, and it is very rare in the smaller joints of the foot. To our knowledge, and with the exception of 4 cases that occurred ...
Lee Dae-Hee - - 2011
Pediatric sacroiliac joint injuries are uncommon. Significant pelvis ring disruptions in children are rare, and their management is complicated by patient size, differences in bony architecture, and future growth and remodeling potential. We present a rare case of anterior sacroiliac joint dislocation associated with triradiate cartilage injury with a posterior ...
Rybak Leon David - - 2011
Synovial chondrosarcoma is a rare tumor, seen most commonly arising from antecedent synovial chondromatosis, the more common benign entity. The distinction between the two can be difficult on the basis of clinical, imaging, and histologic criteria. The authors report a case of pathologically proven synovial chondrosarcoma of the hip in ...
Sundeep S - - 2011
Here we describe the case of a young man who sustained a seal bite to his hand and developed a seal finger. The symptoms of seal finger include pain, swelling, discharge, and in some cases there is joint involvement.(1) The organism isolated from the lesion was identified as a Bisgaardia ...
Moon Jared L - - 2011
This article reviews the current literature on first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis rates using various forms of fixation, as well as reviewing biomechanical studies comparing the strengths of the different fixation options that are available.
El Ibrahimi Abdelhalim - - 2011
Traumatic manubriosternal dislocation is a rare lesion. In the literature, only a few case reports of patients treated surgically are published. In this case, we report an unstable posterior dislocation of the manubriosternal joint in a 50-year-old women caused by direct trauma. An open reduction was performed, and the manubriosternal ...
Price Neil R - - 2011
Aim:  To explore the issue of appropriate management of testicular microlithiasis. We report the third ever case of tumour arising from a testis previously known to have microlithiasis in childhood and review the literature to provide an evidence-based approach to management of testicular microlithiasis. Methods:  Case report and review of ...
Marzi M - - 2011
The solitary fibrous tumours (SFT) are rare spindle cell neoplasms which generally originate from the pleura; also described are cases of SFT in other locations, included the genital-urinary tract. Described in the ambit the kidney are 19 cases of SFT and such rarity of localisation makes rather unknown the histogenesis ...
Chow D S - - 2011
A 52-year-old female was referred to our institute for an incidental renal mass. A homogenously enhancing mass was detected on multidetector CT (MDCT) imaging. Histologically, the tumour was consistent with granular cell tumour (GCT). GCT is a benign tumour that often involves the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Rarely has it ...
Chu J - - 2011
Pituicytoma is a rare primary tumour of the neurohypophysis or infundibulum, which masquerades as a pituitary adenoma. We present a pituicytoma case in a 45-year-old female presenting as a focal lesion of the neurohypophysis. This case report reviews the clinical, neuroimaging and histopathological features of this rare tumour in order ...
Dell'amore Andrea - - 2011
Cardiac hamartoma is an extremely rare type of benign cardiac tumour. A 35 year-old female presented with exertional dyspnea, palpitation, dry-cough and chest-tightness. A mass was discovered in the posterior-inferior wall of the left ventricle. A partial resection of the tumour was performed because of partial obstruction of the left ...
Beros Vili - - 2011
Background. Rosai-Dorfman disease (sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy) rarely affects intracranial structures without involvement of other sites. We herein review the tumour characteristics, differential diagnosis and treatment policy of this rare disease. Method. We conducted a PUBMED search using a combination of words 'Rosai-Dorfman disease', 'Central nervous system', and identified ...
Santos Gorjón Pablo - - 2011
Merkel cell carcinoma is an unusual, aggressive skin tumour, with a tendency to recurrence after its surgical extirpation. Five cases of tumours in the cervicofacial region seen at our Centre in the last five years are presented, along with a review of the literature, focusing on its etiopathogeneis, approach and ...
Toros Sema Zer - - 2011
We report the first case of an isolated choanal fungus ball in a 28-year-old man with a previous history of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, who was treated with radiotherapy 14 years ago. The initial diagnosis was a recurrent tumour or a secondary neoplasm. Histopathological examination confirmed a fungal infection. There are no ...
Estel Rebecca - - 2011
PURPOSE: Ovarian small cell carcinoma of the hypercalcaemic type is a very rare and highly aggressive malignant disease, mainly affecting young women. Due to the rarity of this tumour entity, prospective randomised trials are unlikely to be conducted, and the only retrospective analysis based on a large case series is ...
Gupta M - - 2011
Fibrovascular polyps are benign but rare tumours of the upper digestive tract. In most of the cases reported to date, fibrovascular polyps have originated from the oesophagus or hypopharynx. In 85-90 percent of these reports, the commonest site was adjacent to the cricopharyngeal muscle. We report a very rare case, ...
Grube-Pagola Peter - - 2011
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (inflammatory pseudotumor) is an idiopathic lesion, rare in the head and neck, of unknown aetiology. It is primarily a soft tissue, lung and orbital condition. In the world literature, only two cases with tonsillar disease have been found. We report a case of a 10-year-old girl admitted ...
Murlimanju B V - - 2011
Discoid lateral meniscus is a rare condition that unilateral is more common than bilateral, here we report a case of bilateral discoid lateral meniscus which was observed in the knee joints of a female fetal cadaver of 14 weeks gestation (92 mm crown-rump length). It was an incomplete type of ...
Nikolopoulos Ioannis - - 2011
Large ganglionic cystic formations arising from the infrapatellar fat pad are quite uncommon and only a few are mentioned in the literature. An open excision in these cases is mandatory. We report the case of a large infrapatellar fat pad ganglion in a 37-year-old Greek man with chronic knee discomfort. ...
Mlika M - - 2011
Spindle cell oncocytoma of the adenohypophysis is a rare tumour recently reported by Roncaroli et al. in 2002. This tumour is considered a grade I tumour by the World Health Organization. We describe what is, to the best of our knowledge, the 14th case of its kind in the literature. ...
Sasaji Tatsuro - - 2011
A case of ossification of transverse ligament of atlas (TLA) is reported. A 76-year-old female suffered from a transverse type myelopathy was successfully treated by posterior decompression. Dynamic lateral plain radiographs showed irreducible atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS). A computed tomogram revealed ossified mass compatible to ossification of TLA. Coalition of the ...
Munteanu Shannon E - - 2011
Abnormal lower limb biomechanics is speculated to be a risk factor for Achilles tendinopathy. This study systematically reviewed the existing literature to identify, critique and summarise lower limb biomechanical factors associated with Achilles tendinopathy. We searched electronic bibliographic databases (Medline, EMBASE, Current contents, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus) in November 2010. All ...
Sadri Amir - - 2011
Os acromiale is an unfused epiphysis of the anterior part of the acromion occurring in approximately 8% of the population. Infection of this joint has not been previously described in the literature. We report such a case in a 59-year-old woman presenting with shoulder pain. A high index of clinical ...
de Haan J - - 2011
The aim of this literature review is to describe the clinical anatomy of the elbow joint based on information from in vitro biomechanical studies. The clinical consequences of this literature review are described and recommendations are given for the treatment of elbow joint dislocation.The PubMed and EMBASE electronic databases and ...
Akinbami Babatunde O - - 2011
Virtually all the articles in literature addressed only a specific type of dislocation. The aim of this review was to project a comprehensive understanding of the pathologic processes and management of all types of dislodgement of the head of the mandibular condyle from its normal position in the glenoid fossa. ...
Athanasopoulos Panagiotis G - - 2011
Carcinoid tumours of the common bile duct represent an extremely rare entity. Similarly, primary follicular lymphomas of the ampulla of Vater constitute an infrequent neoplasia. Herein, we report the first case of a synchronous development of a carcinoid tumour of the common bile duct and an ampullary follicular lymphoma that ...
Thut David D Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, - - 2011
Dislocation of the sternoclavicular joint is a rare injury that has a low incidence of signifcant long-term symptoms. Surgical reconstruction of the joint is indicated in patients with symptomatic, chronic anterior instability or with irreducible or recurrent posterior instability. There have been many reported techniques for stabilization of the joint, ...
Modarressi Ali - - 2010
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours (IMT) are rare, challenging lesions with respect to differential diagnosis, biological behaviour and treatment. We reviewed the literature and report a unique case of a large (9×8×8cm) IMT in the nasal region of a 6-year-old girl responsible for important facial deformation. Following surgical resection, without any craniofacial ...
Rigante M - - 2011
Parotid gland tumours are very heterogeneous, being benign in 80% of cases, and generally arising from epithelial cells. Nevertheless, a small group of non-epithelial tumours representing just 5% of all salivary gland neoplasms has also been reported, the most common of these being haemangioma, especially in children. However, lymphomas, neuromas, ...
Subrahmanya Nagesh Babu - - 2011
To report a case of primary yolk sac (endodermal sinus) tumour (YST) of the vulva which is very rare and to highlight some unusual features of this tumour in the vulva. A 23-year-old woman presented with a 1-month swelling in the right labium majus that was non-tender and rapidly increasing ...
Sobowale Oluwaseun Adeyemi - - 2011
We report a case of a 17-year-old female who presented with a CNS primitive neuroectodermal tumour 12 years after cranial radiotherapy for relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. In this article, we discuss the association of these rare tumours with previous craniospinal irradiation and review the pertinent literature.
Iusco Domenico - - 2010
We describe a case of a 76-year-old man with a giant ileal gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) causing an intestinal subocclusion and a subsequent haemoperitoneum. During his hospital stay for a sudden hypovolemic shock, the patient underwent an urgent laparotomy and a 20 cm × 15 cm ruptured ileal GIST causing haemoperitoneum was found. Only ...
Lee S - - 2010
Glomus tumours are uncommon benign neoplasms characterised by the proliferation of modified smooth muscle cells known as glomus cells. Glomus tumours are well described in the extremities, particularly in the sub-ungual region and MRI is well established as the investigation of choice. However, a significant proportion of glomus tumours are ...
Yusuf S M - - 2010
Idiopathic scrotal calcinosis is a rare benign disease characterized by multiple, asymptomatic and painless nodules on the scrotum. We herein report this rare disease in a Nigerian adult male and briefly review the relevant literature.
Sudesh Pebam - - 2010
The dislocation of a shoulder joint in infancy is extremely rare and is usually the result of traumatic birth injuries, a sequel to brachial plexus injury, or a true congenital dislocation of shoulder. With more advanced obstetric care, the incidence of first two types has drastically decreased. We report a ...
Fraser Lyndsay - - 2010
We present the unusual case of a 20-year-old female nonsmoker with severe laryngeal dysplasia managed with endoscopic CO(2) laser resection with frozen-section analysis. We use her case as a platform for discussion of the current evidence surrounding laryngeal dysplasia, particularly etiology and the use of lasers in management. Laryngeal dysplasia ...
Dhar Shweta U - - 2010
We report here on a 25-year follow-up of cranio-meta-diaphyseal dysplasia in a 31-year-old Caucasian male, who was reported in the literature at the age of 8 years [Langer et al. (1991); Skeletal Radiol 20:37-41]. He has hyperostotic craniofacial features with protruding lower jaw and midface hypoplasia. He has the typical ...
Mansoori Lela S - - 2010
Objective: To report the case of a patient with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia of the cranium who showed dramatic improvement after treatment with intravenous zoledronic acid.Methods: We present the clinical findings, laboratory test results, surgical pathology report, and imaging studies of a man with extensive fibrous dysplasia of the cranium and ...
Mantas D - - 2010
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a frequently occurring soft tissue tumour with aggressive biological behaviour. Primary MFH of the spleen, however, is an exceedingly rare occurrence. Herein, we report a case of such a neoplasm in a 66-year-old female. The tumour was well localised within the spleen and the patient ...
Wang X Y - - 2010
Craniopharyngiomas are histologically benign epithelial tumours arising from squamous epithelial remnants of Rathke's pouch, which have a tendency to invade surrounding structures and recur after apparently complete resection. They represent the most frequent non-glial tumour in children, accounting for approximately 5% of paediatric brain neoplasms. Total resection of a craniopharyngioma ...
Xu L W - - 2010
A rare case of phyllodes tumour arising in the seminal vesicle is reported here. A 59-year-old male presented with lower abdominal discomfort and symptoms of bladder outlet obstruction for 1 year. Transrectal ultrasonography and pelvic computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a large mass posterior to the bladder and ...
Gupta Shilpi Singh - - 2010
Congenital fibrosarcoma (CFS) is a rare soft tissue tumour that usually occurs before the age of 1, and involves the distal extremities. The literature regarding the precise diagnosis and treatment of these tumours is limited. We present and discuss a case of CFS which ended fatally due to lung metastasis ...
Abdelsayed Rafik A - - 2010
Fibrous cortical defect, also known as metaphyseal fibrous defect and nonossifying fibroma, among other terms, is a benign, non-neoplastic proliferative process that is relatively common in the long bones of skeletally immature adolescents. Although the lesion is thought to be a developmental abnormality or defect, the exact etiopathogenesis is largely ...
Bellini Carlo - - 2010
The objective of our study was to evaluate the usefulness of immunohistochemical (IHC) staining techniques in the etiological diagnosis of non-immune hydrops fetalis (NIHF). The records of all 1,098 autopsies performed between January 1987 and May 2008, by the Division of Fetal Pathology of the University of Genoa, were reviewed ...
Mahore Amit - - 2010
Craniofrontonasal dysplasia (CFND) is a rare developmental anomaly associated with an X-linked inheritance. It is predominantly expressed in females. A Chiari malformation (CM) has not been reported in such patients earlier. The authors report on a family with 3 female members who have marked and generalized CFND. The generalized bone ...
D'Alessandro G - - 2010
Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a rare disorder which is inherited as an autosomal genetic trait. It is characterized by defective ossification, delayed bone and tooth development, stomatognathic and craniofacial abnormalities, and it is caused by mutations in the RUNX2 gene that is responsible for osteoblast differentiation. The purpose of this ...
Perrone Claudio - - 2010
Idiopathic myelofibrosis is a rare chronic myeloproliferative disease leading to extramedullary hematopoiesis (myeloid metaplasia) with splenomegaly. The liver and less frequently other organs including the lung can be involved, therefore portal hypertension is relatively common. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is only occasionally reported, although recent studies have suggested an association between ...
Toomarian Lida - - 2010
Dentin dysplasia is a rare hereditary disturbance of dentin formation characterized by defective dentin development with clinically normal appearing crowns, severe hypermobility of teeth and spontaneous dental abscesses or cysts. Radiographic analysis shows obliteration of all pulp chambers, short, blunted and malformed or absent roots and peri-apical radiolucencies of non ...
Lai J C - - 2010
We report an extremely rare case of schwannoma of the auricle. A case report and review of the world literature concerning schwannoma of the auricle are presented. Schwannoma is a benign, encapsulated, slow-growing neoplasm. Approximately 25-45% of all schwannomas occur in the head and neck, whereas schwannomas of the external ...
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