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Santangeli Andrea A Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 65 (Viikinkaari 1), 00014, Helsinki, Finland, - - 2014
Biodiversity conservation on private land of the developed world faces several challenges. The costs of land are often high, and the attitudes of landowners towards conservation are variable. Scientists and practitioners need to scan for and adopt cost-effective solutions that allow for the long-term sustainability of conservation measures on private ...
Belyayev A A Institute of Botany, Czech Academy of Sciences, Pruhonice near Prague, Czech - - 2014
A burst of transposable elements (TEs) is a massive outbreak that may cause radical genomic rebuilding. This phenomenon has been reported in connection with the formation of taxonomic groups and species and has therefore been associated with major evolutionary events in the past. Over the past few years, several research ...
Tortoli Enrico E IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy - - 2014
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are present in the environment, mainly in water, and are occasionally responsible for opportunistic infections in humans. Despite the fact that NTM are characterized by a moderate pathogenicity, the diseases caused by NTM at various body sites are increasing on a worldwide level. Among over 150 officially ...
Salam Nasir N Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Al-Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Leishmaniasis is a major health problem worldwide, with several countries reporting cases of leishmaniasis resulting in loss of human life or a lifelong stigma because of bodily scars. The Middle East is endemic for cutaneous leishmaniasis, with countries like Syria reporting very high incidence of the disease. Despite several countries ...
Gress Steeve S EA 4650 Signalisation, électrophysiologie et imagerie des lésions d'ischémie-reperfusion myocardique, Institute of Biology, University of Caen, Esplanade de la Paix, 14032, Caen Cedex, - - 2014
In glyphosate (G)-based herbicides (GBHs), the declared active principle G is mixed with several adjuvants that help it to penetrate the plants' cell membranes and its stabilization and liposolubility. Its utilization is growing with genetically modified organisms engineered to tolerate GBH. Millions of farmers suffer poisoning and death in developing ...
Haelewaters Danny D Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 22 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 02138, United States of America - - 2014
Three new species of Laboulbenia parasitic on Chrysomelidae are described from material mounted by Roland Thaxter (1858-1932). These are L. bilobata on Lema spp. from Brazil and Trinidad; L. longipilis from Cameroon; and L. pfisteri on Ivongius sp. from Madagascar. The following species of Laboulbenia on Chrysomelidae are illustrated for ...
Chowdhary Anuradha A Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, Delhi, India - - 2014
Filamentous basidiomycetes (BM) are common environmental fungi that have recently emerged as important human pathogens, inciting a wide array of clinical manifestations that include allergic and invasive diseases. We reviewed 218 reported global cases of BM fungi. The most common etiologic agent was Schizophyllum commune in 52.3% (114/218) of the ...
Chakrabarti Arunaloke A Department of Medical Microbiology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, - - 2014
Mucormycosis remains a devastating invasive fungal infection, with high mortality rates even after active management. The disease is being reported at an alarming frequency over the past decades from India. Indian mucormycosis has certain unique features. Rhino-orbito-cerebral presentation associated with uncontrolled diabetes is the predominant characteristic. Isolated renal mucormycosis has ...
Sarkhail Parisa P Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, 14176, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
The genus Peucedanum (Apiaceae) comprising more than 120 species are widely distributed in Europe, Asia and Africa. The ethnopharmacologial history of this genus indicated that some extracts of aerial and underground parts of several Peucedanum species have used in folk medicine for treatment of various conditions, such as cough, cramps, ...
Faúndez Eduardo I - - 2014
The arrival and establishment of the bed bug Cimex lectularius L., 1755 in Magallanes Region (Chile) is reported. The present record is the southernmost for this species in America. The circumstances that provided for the species reaching this southern locality are discussed.
Gómez-Betancur Isabel I Ophidism/Scorpionism Program, University Research Center, University of Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Renealmia alpinia (R. alpinia) typically occurs in the tropical rainforests of Mexico to Peru, Brazil through the Antilles, Guyana, Suriname, Colombia and Venezuela. It has traditionally been used against snakebite in Colombia. In addition to the common local use for pain, R. alpinia has been used as an antipyretic and ...
Jones Robert T RT Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, Bath, - - 2014
Several cases of lymphatic filariasis (LF) have been reported in non-endemic countries due to travellers, military personnel and expatriates spending time in and returning from endemic areas, as well as immigrants coming from these regions. These cases are reviewed to assess the scale and context of non-endemic presentations and to ...
Medina G G Clinical Research Unit, Hospital de Especialidades Centro Médico La Raza IMSS, Mexico City, Mexico Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, - - 2014
Vasculitis in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations from cutaneous to visceral involvement and its prognosis ranges from mild to life-threatening. We report the case of a previously healthy 17-year-old woman with eight months' history of arthralgias and myalgias. Subsequently, she developed facial and lower ...
Barnett Leonie J - - 2014
In the present study, we review the known zoogonid cercariae, summarise their life-cycles and first intermediate host distributions, and present a new cercaria, Cercaria capricornia XI (Digenea: Zoogonidae), which was found in one of three nassariid gastropods, Nassarius olivaceus (Bruguière), surveyed in the intertidal zone in the Capricornia region of ...
Badyal Rama Kumari RK a Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh., - - 2014
Abstract An association between severe aplastic anemia and other autoimmune diseases is rare and has been described in adults for eosinophilic fasciitis, thymomas, systemic lupus erythematosus and thyroid disorders. Herein we report a case of celiac disease on gluten free diet, who presented with progressive pallor, fever and weakness of ...
Wojtowicz Jeremy M - - 2014
ABSTRACTPurpura fulminans is a rare complication of septic shock, often associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae. Patients with anatomic or functional asplenia are at increased risk for infection because of impairment of their ability to defend against encapsulated pathogens. We report the case of a previously healthy, unimmunized 33-year-old female with functional ...
Santesso Nancy N McMaster University, Hamilton, - - 2014
Review authors in the Cochrane Collaboration conducted a review of the effects of acupuncture to induce labor. After searching for all relevant studies, they found 14 studies with 2220 pregnant women who were overdue or needed to be induced. The findings of the review are summarized below.
Bhat K Subrahmanya KS Department of Microbiology K.V.G. Medical College and Hospital, Kurunjibagh, Sullia, - - 2014
Human dirofilariasis is an uncommon zoonotic parasitic infection caused by species of the genus Dirofilaria. Location of the worm is usually confined to the subcutaneous tissues of eyelids, fingers, cheeks and breasts. Ophthalmic involvement is usually periorbital, intraocular or of the eyelids. Subconjunctival localization is rarely observed. We report three ...
Kamel Ghassan - - 2014
Nontuberculous mycobacteria are rare causes of skin, soft tissue, and musculoskeletal infections. Mycobacterium marinum remains one of the most commonly encountered mycobacterial species in humans, causing superficial cutaneous as well as deep infections. We are reporting a case of M. marinum osteomyelitis involving two primary noncontiguous sites in an immunocompetent ...
Li X-Y XY Department of Nephrology, University of Hong Kong Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, - - 2014
Transverse myelitis (TM) is a relatively infrequent but severe complication in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Owing to its rarity and unfavorable outcome, we investigated its general features on MRI and incidence in the context of lupus activity, to facilitate early recognition and treatment. We report a case of a young ...
Oda Ryo R Department of Orthopaedics, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine , Kyoto , - - 2014
Spontaneous flexor tendon rupture is an unusual complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and has not previously been reported. While tendon ruptures in association with SLE have been focused on the previous studies, upper extremity tendon ruptures are infrequently reported in the literature. Here, we present an uncommon case of ...
Shen Yi Y Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research, Chinese Ministry of Education and Chinese Ministry of Public Health; Department of Cardiology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, - - 2014
We report a case of amiodarone-induced epididymitis and review the pertinent literature. This disease is currently a diagnosis of exclusion and is believed to be self-limiting. We found new evidence for the pathological diagnosis and identified amiodarone-like crystals in the epididymis as a pathological mechanism of this disease. This case ...
Chowdhury Mohammed Andaleeb MA Department of Internal Medicine, University of Toledo, Toledo, - - 2014
Neurotoxicity can develop as a side effect of intravenous acyclovir use in patients with renal impairment. It is underreported in clinical practice and often confused with worsening herpes encephalitis. We present a 69-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis with acyclovir neurotoxicity treated with daily extended hemodialysis sessions. Daily ...
Northrop Michael S MS Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, - - 2014
Ceftriaxone is a frequently used empiric antibiotic in children. Acute hemolysis is a rare side effect of ceftriaxone therapy associated with a high mortality rate. A 14-year-old boy suffering from Crohn disease developed bacterial pneumonia that was treated with ceftriaxone. We report successful management of ceftriaxone-induced hemolytic anemia (CIHA) in ...
Litjens Ruud P W RP Neurotoxicology Research Group, Toxicology Division, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80177 NL-3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands; Drug Monitoring, Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, P.O. Box 725, NL-3500 AS Utrecht, The - - 2014
Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD) is a drug-induced condition associated with inaccurate visual representations. Since the underlying mechanism(s) are largely unknown, this review aims to uncover aspects underlying its etiology. Available evidence on HPPD and drug-related altered visual processing was reviewed and the majority of HPPD cases were attributed to ...
Schjelderup P P Department of Nephrology, Aalborg University Hospital, Mølleparkvej 4, 9000, Aalborg, Denmark, - - 2014
We present a report of what we believe was an extremely rare case of hyperacute respiratory failure caused by first time exposure to cyclophosphamide in a 40-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus. The patient was extensively evaluated for alternative etiologies with negative results. Treatment with methylprednisolone and high doses of ...
Abrahams Joshua M JM Resident, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nova Southeastern University College of Dental Medicine and Broward Health Medical Center, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Radiation-induced sarcomas of the head and neck are rare and tend to occur decades after treatment. We report a case of rapid-onset postchemoradiotherapy rhabdomyosarcoma of the maxillofacial region and briefly review the literature.
Beynat-Mouterde Caroline C CHU Le Bocage, Dijon, - - 2014
To the Editor:We identified six patients with clinical, radiographic and physiological features typical of pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE). In the six cases, PPFE may have been causally related to prior alkylating drugs used to treat malignacy, namely cyclophosphamide in five of the cases and carmustine (BCNU (1,3-bis-(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea)) in one. Based on ...
Aynalı Giray G Department of Otolaryngology, Medical Faculty of Süleyman Demirel University, 32200 Çünür, Isparta, Turkey. - - 2014
Hemangiomas are the most common masses of the major salivary glands in parotid glands in childhood particularly. They occur more frequently in the parotid gland and rarely the submandibular gland. Changes in blood flow dynamics within hemangiomas may induce thrombus formation and phleboliths. Cavernous hemangioma may lead to thrombophlebitis in ...
Mendes Mm M Laboratório de Parasitologia Animais Silvestres, Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia ? DEMP, Instituto de Biologia ? IB, Universidade Federal do Pelotas ? UFPel, Capão do Leão, RS, - - 2014
A total of 81 Tyraniidae birds were examined, 80 Pitangus sulphuratus (Linnaeus, 1766) (Great kiscadee), and one Machetornis rixosa (Vieilot, 1819) (Cattle tyrant), for collection of nasal mites, which were identified as Ptilonyssus spinosus (Brooks & Strandtmann, 1960) and Sternostoma longisetosae (Hyland, 1961) (Rhinonyssidae). This finding characterises the first report ...
Haddad Housam H Staten Island University Hospital, 475 Seaview Ave, Staten Island, NY 10305, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bendamustine is an alkylating agent approved for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. There are scant reports on bendamustine-induced immune hemolytic anemia occurring mainly in CLL patients. We report a case of immune hemolytic anemia that developed after exposure to bendamustine in a 70-year-old female ...
Fallahi Sasan S Internal Medicine Division, Baharloo Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran and Rheumatology Research Center, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
This paper presents a 54-year-old female with lupus whom severe anaemia due to pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) was the first manifestation. There was seven years interval between PRCA onset and diagnosis of lupus. Thymectomy due to thymoma had been carried out six years before but anaemia sustained. Hypothyroidism and ...
Kaloshi Gentian G Department of neurosurgery, University Hospital Center "Mother Theresa", Tirana, - - 2014
Spinal metastasis, a devastating neurologic complication of intracranial glioblastomas is not as uncommon as initially thought. It varies from 25% in supratentorial glioblastomas to 60% in infratentorial glioblastomas. The underlying pathogenesis spinal spread of high-grade gliomas is still unclear. To date, no causal responsibility of Bevacizumab (BEV) was noted. Here, ...
Pecker Lydia H LH Children's National Medical Center, Division of Oncology, Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders, 111 Michigan Avenue, NW, Washington, DC, 20010, USA, - - 2014
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), a component of standard therapy for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), is associated with potentially serious but treatable adverse effects involving numerous organ systems, including rare skeletal muscle involvement. Only a handful of cases of ATRA-induced myositis in children have been reported, and none in the radiology ...
Taneja Atul K AK Musculoskeletal Radiology Division, Imaging Department, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil, 05652-900, - - 2014
We report a rare case of Kager's fat pad atrophy and fibrosis in a 60-year-old woman 1 year after a steroid injection for Achilles tendinopathy. There are few published reports of steroid-induced atrophy affecting deeper layers of fat tissue. To our knowledge, this case report is the first to illustrate its ...
Doshi Rishi R RR The Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, - - 2014
To present 3 cases of tamoxifen-induced foveal cavitation and review previous prospective and cross-sectional studies. Observational case series. Retrospective analysis of patients presenting to a single institution with evidence of tamoxifen-induced maculopathy. Three patients presented with pseudocystic foveal cavitation similar in appearance to macular telangiectasia type 2 on spectral domain ...
Geoffroy Pierre Alexis PA The University of Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille, France (PAG, RB, OC, BR)?>; Department of Psychiatry, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Lille (CHRU), F-59037. Electronic address: - - 2014
The gamma-aminobutyric acid type B receptor agonist baclofen is approved for spasticity and is used off-label for diverse types of addictive disorders, notably alcohol dependence. Baclofen may induce numerous neuropsychiatric adverse drug reactions, including behavioral disinhibition. However, this precise adverse drug reaction has never been assessed using either a validated ...
Forcello Nicholas P NP 1School of Pharmacy, University of Saint Joseph, Hartford, CT, - - 2014
Oxaliplatin is a third-generation platinum antineoplastic agent that commonly causes diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, myelosuppression, and peripheral neuropathy. Less common adverse effects that are increasingly being reported include acute immune-mediated thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, and pancytopenia. Here, we report a patient case of suspected oxaliplatin-induced immune-mediated thrombocytopenia and a thorough literature evaluation ...
Slater Lee-Anne LA Interventional Neuroradiology Unit, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Monash Medical Center; Melbourne, Australia - - - 2014
Muslin-induced foreign body granulomas are rare delayed complications after wrapping of intracranial aneurysms. Few small case series have been reported, with a paucity of documented MRI findings. In addition, there are no reports on long-term radiological appearances or temporal evolution of conservatively managed patients. We thus report on the long-term ...
Ito Takamichi T Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
Chronic expanding hematoma (CEH) is a rare, slow-developing disease that occurs months to years after trauma or surgery. Most CEH in soft tissue occurs in the thigh or upper extremities and can occur with or without an inducible cause. Ninety-one cases of CEH in soft tissue have been reported previously ...
Internullo M M Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy. - - 2014
Hydroxyurea is a cytotoxic agent widely used in the treatment of myeloproliferative disorders. It is considered a-well-tolerated antineoplastic drug, with a dose-related bone marrow suppression as main adverse effect. This report describes a patient with essential thrombocythemia who developed an interstitial pneumonitis and respiratory failure within 4 years from beginning ...
Singh Shivinder S Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Two cases of Acquired Methemoglobinemia are presented. The significance of a high index of suspicion for diagnosisis emphasized, especially in the presence of a "saturation gap". The various causes of acquired methemoglobinemia are enumerated and the management reviewed.
Shafqat Hammad H 0000-0001-5842-4322 Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, 111 Brewster Street, Pawtucket, RI 02860, USA ; The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, - - 2014
Chlorambucil is an alkylating agent commonly used in treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). We report a case of interstitial pneumonitis developing in an 83-year-old man 1.5 months after completing a six-month course of chlorambucil for CLL. The interstitial pneumonitis responded to therapy with prednisone. We performed a systematic review ...
Eskazan Ahmet Emre AE Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, - - 2014
Brucellosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease associated with hemolytic complications, including thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) and hemolytic anemia. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is a rare clinical presentation of this disease. In this report, we describe the cases of two patients with brucellosis who presented with Coombs-positive AIHA. We also include a ...
Kim Kyung Soo - - 2014
Concha bullosa is characterized by pneumatization of the middle turbinate and is one of the most common variations of the sinonasal anatomy. It is most often asymptomatic. A fungus ball in the concha bullosa is extremely rare, with only two reported cases in the English literature. This article describes a ...
Averianov Alexander A Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Universitetskaya nab. 1, 199034 Saint Petersburg, Russia and Department of Sedimentary Geology, Geological Faculty, Saint Petersburg State University, 16 liniya VO 29, 199178 Saint Petersburg, - - 2014
The taxonomy, geographic distribution, and paleoenvironmental context of azhdarchid pterosaurs are reviewed. All purported pteranodontid, tapejarid, and azhdarchid specimens from the Cenomanian Kem Kem beds of Morocco are referred to a single azhdarchid taxon, Alanqa saharica. The four proposed autapomorphies of Eurazhdarcho langendorfensis from the lower Maastrichtian Sebeş Formation of ...
Paulsen M J MJ Systematics Research Collections, University of Nebraska State Museum, W436 Nebraska Hall, Lincoln, NE 68588-0546 - - 2014
The species of the Hawaiian stag beetle genus Apterocyclus Waterhouse (Coleoptera: Lucanidae) are reviewed following an examination of all primary types. Although the continued existence of the species is unknown and some possibly are extinct there are five recently extant species, including one species that is described here as new. ...
Errichetti Enzo E 0000-0002-7152-6136 Institute of Dermatology, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Udine, San Michele Hospital, Piazza Rodolone 1, Gemona del Friuli, 33013 Udine, - - 2014
Seborrheic pemphigoid (SP), first described in 1969 by Schnyder, is a peculiar variant of BP which clinically resembles pemphigus erythematosus, since it is characterized by ruptured bullae and erosions covered with crusts involving the seborrheic areas. To the best of our knowledge, from the first description only four other cases ...
Veena T T Department of Zoology, Malabar Christian College, Calicut, Kerala, Pin: 673004, India; Email: - - 2014
The rarely collected Oriental genus Neoclarkinella Rema and Narendran, 1996 is reviewed. Four species, all from India, are recognized of which two are described as new, namely Neoclarkinella janakikkadensis sp. nov., and N.narendrani sp. nov. from Kerala, India. A key to the oriental species of the genus is provided along ...
Khatri Imran I Department of Entomology, Sindh Agriculture University Tando Jam, Sindh, Pakistan.; Email: - - 2014
The Idiocerinae of Pakistan are reviewed and a new species, Tasnimocerus sindhensis sp. nov. (Pakistan: Tandojam), is described and illustrated from Pakistan. Two new junior synonyms of Idioscopus nitidulus (Walker) are recognized: Idioscopus karachiensis Ahmed, Naheed & Ahmed syn. nov. and I. freytagi Ahmed, Naheed & Ahmed syn. nov. Idioscopus ...
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