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Ho Kaiwei - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We conducted an epidemiological review of the Chikungunya Fever situation in Singapore and described the measures taken to prevent the Chikungunya virus from becoming entrenched in the tropical city-state. METHODS: All laboratory confirmed cases and outbreak investigation reports maintained by the Communicable Diseases Division, Ministry of Health, and Aedes ...
Khoury Cristina - - 2011
The first record of Ornithodoros (Alectorobius) coniceps (Canestrini) was reported for Italy in 1877, inside the interstices of the ancient mosaics at S. Marco Basilica in Venice. Afterwards only few discoveries of the species are reported for Italy; the last record is dated back to 1984, in L'Aquila town (Abruzzo ...
Efrat Merav - - 2011
This article explores an innovative strategy for battling the obesity epidemic. The strategy involves demonstrating to policy makers and education leaders the value of promoting physical activity in school as a way of enhancing academic-related outcomes to narrow the current achievement gap. A literature review was conducted to ascertain the ...
Korver Anna M H - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The causes of Permanent Childhood Hearing Impairment (PCHI) are often quoted as being hereditary in 50%, acquired in 25%, and unknown in 25% of cases. Interest in the causes of PCHI has grown recently due to increasing diagnostic possibilities. We investigated the evidence for the reported distribution of these ...
Meyer-Massetti Carla - - 2011
Purpose The accuracy, efficiency, and efficacy of four commonly recommended medication safety assessment methodologies were systematically reviewed. Methods Medical literature databases were systematically searched for any comparative study conducted between January 2000 and October 2009 in which at least two of the four methodologies-incident report review, direct observation, chart review, ...
Khan Gulfaraz - - 2011
To ascertain characteristics of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus infection, we reviewed medical records for all suspected or confirmed cases reported in Abu Dhabi during May 2009-March 2010. Overall case-fatality rate was 1.4/100,000 population. Most patients who died had ≥1 risk factor, and female decedents were considerably younger than male decedents.
Mwanakasale Victor - - 2011
We conducted a situation analysis of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) in Zambia from January 2000 to April 2007. The aim of this survey was to identify districts in Zambia that were still recording cases of HAT. Three districts namely, Mpika, Chama, and Chipata were found to be still reporting cases ...
Rozes Laurence - - 2011
Titanium oxo-clusters, well-defined monodispersed nano-objects, are appropriate nano-building blocks for the preparation of organic-inorganic materials by a bottom up approach. This critical review proposes to present the different structures of titanium oxo-clusters referenced in the literature and the different strategies followed to build up hybrid materials with these versatile building ...
Edwards Becky - - 2011
We describe three cases of non-toxigenic Corynebacterium diptheriae infection in immunocompetent adults. The strains were isolated and identified as C. diptheriae, their toxin minus status and biotype (gravis) was confirmed by the reference laboratory. Our report confirms the increasing importance of non-toxigenic C. diptheriae strains as causes of disease in ...
Zwart Dorien L M - - 2011
Objective To evaluate the feasibility of a locally implemented incident-reporting procedure (IRP) in primary healthcare centres after 1 year. Setting and participants Five primary healthcare centres caring for more than 43 000 patients in The Netherlands. GPs, medical nurses, physiotherapists, pharmacists, pharmacist assistants and trainees reported incidents (a total of 117 employees). ...
McGuinness Mary - - 2011
Background: It has been suggested that the perinatal period is a period of increased risk for the development and/or exacerbation of OCD and that postpartum OCD (ppOCD) presents a distinct clinical picture. This raises the possibility that ppOCD might be a distinct subtype of OCD. This review examines this contention. ...
Vesely Rebecca - - 2011
HHS has new authority to review proposed insurance premium increases, but no real power to stop them. But at least some states without a rate review process say they welcome any support. "We are borderline at market failure," says Michael McRaith, left, director of the Illinois Department of Insurance. "The ...
Koczmara Christine - - 2011
In this column, the authors review Amphotericin B incidents reported Although amphotericin B may be less commonly used today because to ISMP Canada. In particular, we focus on incidents reported to have of alternative antifungal agents available, incident reports suggest resulted in patient harm due to mix-ups between the conventional ...
Angelow Aniela - - 2011
To describe the use and characteristics of national confidential enquiries (NCEs) into adverse outcomes of healthcare in high-income countries and to review the evidence of their impact. Systematic search of bibliometric databases plus review of cited references and search of websites. Eleven characteristics of NCEs were extracted. Studies evaluating the ...
Corn Joseph L - - 2011
We collected ectoparasites from 27 of 51 wild-caught, free-ranging exotic reptiles examined in Florida from 2003 to 2008. Sampled animals represented eight species, five of which yielded ectoparasites. Reported new parasite distribution records for the United States include the following: the first collection of the African tick Amblyomma latum (Koch) ...
Mattila Pirkko - - 2011
The objective of this review is to focus on putative modified epithelial functions related to allergy. The dysregulation of the epithelial barrier might result in the allergen uptake, which could be the primary defect in the pathogenesis of allergic reaction. We review the literature of the role of respiratory epithelium ...
Hurtado-Cordovi Jorge M - - 2011
Hodgkin's lymphoma accounts for ten percent of all lymphomas. In the United States, there are about 8000 new cases every year. This paper describes a case of lymphocyte-rich Hodgkin's lymphoma (LRHL) manifested by autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). A 27-year-old Israeli male presented with dizziness associated with one month of low-grade ...
Karadimas Efthimios J - - 2011
Bilateral rupture of the patellar tendon is a rare injury. A case of a 67-year-old man with systemic lupus erythematosus under corticosteroid treatment for the last 10 years, who sustained spontaneous rupture of the patellar tendon and the contralateral quadriceps tendon, is herein presented. The patient was operated bilaterally, had ...
Field Nigel - - 2011
Traditional tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcome measures, such as cure rate, do not provide insight into the underlying reasons for missing clinical targets. We evaluated a TB Process-Based Performance Review (TB-PBPR) tool, developed to identify "missed opportunities" for timely and accurate diagnosis of TB. The tool enables performance assessment at the ...
Bibi Faysal - - 2011
The development of the Ethiopian biogeographic realm since the late Miocene is here explored with the presentation and review of fossil evidence from eastern Africa. Prostrepsiceros cf. vinayaki and an unknown species of possible caprin affinity are described from the hominid-bearing Asa Koma and Kuseralee Members (∼5.7 and ∼5.2 Ma) ...
Christiaans-Dingelhoff Ingrid - - 2011
Patient record review is believed to be the most useful method for estimating the rate of adverse events among hospitalised patients. However, the method has some practical and financial disadvantages. Some of these disadvantages might be overcome by using existing reporting systems in which patient safety issues are already reported, ...
Kavan Ladislav - - 2010
This Minireview is a critical survey of results accumulated during the last decade on the characterization of carbon nanotubes using a combination of electrochemical and spectroscopic methods. The article updates earlier reviews on the topic with special emphasis to recent progress in the field.
Kavan Ladislav - - 2011
This Minireview is a critical survey of results accumulated during the last decade on the characterization of carbon nanotubes using a combination of electrochemical and spectroscopic methods. The article updates earlier reviews on the topic with special emphasis to recent progress in the field.
Sinni Suzanne V - - 2010
This literature review summarises the history of patient safety initiatives in health-care systems around the world. The need to improve patient safety is commonly called for following interrogation of data captured as a measure of patient safety including audit, clinical indicator reporting and evaluation methods. Many such reports exist for ...
Rosselló Jaume - - 2011
The increase in the number of tourists for many destinations and their increased mobility within host countries or regions has implied a rise in tourism-associated externalities, with vehicle crashes as the most common cause of injury for tourists. Within the transport literature, the number and variation in the amount of ...
Ilan Roy - - 2011
The aims of this study were to increase the reporting of patient safety events and to enhance report analysis and responsive action. A prospective, interventional study in 2 adult intensive care units (ICUs) in an academic center was used. A paper-based reporting system, adapted from a previously reported intervention, was ...
Elbers A R W - - 2010
The aim of this study was to identify difficulties and barriers to reporting clinically suspect situations, possibly caused by avian influenza (AI), and to explore possible incentives to reporting such situations, with the ultimate aim of facilitating early detection of AI outbreaks. Focus group sessions were held with policy-makers from ...
Shaw P V - - 2010
OTHEA is the name of a new website (www.othea.net), created by the Health Protection Agency (UK) and the Centre d'étude sur l'évaluation de la protection dans le domaine nucléaire (CEPN, France), and supported by several other stakeholders including national societies and associations. The website is bi-lingual (French and English) and ...
Crean Sheila - - 2011
Background: The ε4 allele of apolipoprotein E (APOE) is associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, attributable risk due to APOE4 varies by region and by race/ethnicity. Methods: A literature review and meta-analysis were conducted to estimate the prevalence of APOE4 by geographic area among AD patients. Results: Although estimates varied ...
Triaridis S - - 2010
The appraisal of scientific quality is a particularly difficult problem. Editorial boards resort to secondary criteria including crude publication counts, journal prestige, the reputation of authors and institutions, and estimated importance and relevance of the research field, making peer review a controversial rather than a rigorous process. On this background ...
Evens A M - - 2011
Rituximab has been associated with hepatitis B virus reactivation (HBV-R). However, the characteristics and scope of this association remain largely undefined. We completed a comprehensive literature search of all published rituximab-associated HBV-R cases and from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS) MedWatch database. Literature and ...
Lee Edward Y - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine whether a lateral chest radiograph provides additional diagnostic information to a posteroanterior (PA) radiograph in the screening of asymptomatic children with positive purified protein derivative (PPD) skin tests in a nonendemic area. This was an Institutional Review Board-approved, Health Insurance Portability and ...
Dantas-Torres Filipe - - 2010
Phlebotomine sand flies are small insects of great medical relevance. This article presents an updated list of the phlebotomine sand flies occurring in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. A review of literature published since the 1940s up to May 2010 was conducted and voucher material deposited in reference collections were ...
Calderwood Michael S - - 2010
Electronic health records (EHRs) have the potential to improve completeness and timeliness of tuberculosis (TB) surveillance relative to traditional reporting, particularly for culture-negative disease. We report on the development and validation of a TB detection algorithm for EHR data followed by implementation in a live surveillance and reporting system. We ...
Yakoot Mostafa - - 2010
Mirazid® is a patented preparation from a plant that had been used in folk medicine since ancient Egyptians (Myrrh). It was registered in Egypt for the treatment of schistosomiasis and fascioliasis. Over 32 independent studies for efficacy of Mirazid had been reviewed and their results analyzed. The majority of these ...
Machado Dazzani Maria Virgínia - - 2010
Starting from some considerations about the text 'Feelings in Literature' by Johansen (2010), this article discusses the topic of emotions from the standpoint of moral psychology, namely the relationship between emotions and the conduct of our moral life. From this assumption, we will argue that literature, as an exercise of ...
Pasupathy Sanjay - - 2010
Temporal hypertrophy is a rare clinical entity, especially the bilateral variety, whereas masseteric hypertrophy is a commonly occurring disorder. Very few bilateral cases are reported in literature. We are reporting a case with bilateral temporalis muscle hypertrophy with peculiar symptoms which is not reported so far in literature.
Lief M H - - 2011
M.H. Lief, D. Caplivski, E.J. Bottone, S. Lerner, C. Vidal, S. Huprikar. Exophiala jeanselmei infection in solid organ transplant recipients: report of two cases and review of the literature. Transpl Infect Dis 2011: 13: 73-79. All rights reserved Abstract: Dematiaceous fungi are an opportunistic pathogen seen in solid organ transplant ...
Gilchrist Heidi M - - 2010
Liesegang rings represent an in vivo chemical precipitation phenomenon representing a potential diagnostic pitfall for misdiagnosis as parasitic infections. These acellular patterns of lamellar concretions are rare in human tissue. The authors report a case of Liesegang rings observed within an intradermal apocrine hidrocystoma and review the literature for reports ...
Hartzell Tristan L - - 2010
The goals of this study were to review the literature regarding the use of local anesthetic with epinephrine and to report an observation of prolonged ischemia and necrosis in postmastectomy skin. A PubMed literature review was performed and the patient's medical record was reviewed. Prior skin necrosis with epinephrine use ...
Ansari Jawaher - - 2010
Differentiating between chemotherapy-related diarrhoea and Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea (CDAD) can be extremely difficult. There is increasing evidence that CDAD can be seen in patients on chemotherapy without prior antibiotic usage. We report the first case of CDAD secondary to vinorelbine chemotherapy and review the literature.
Prasad M G - - 2010
Acoustics has received a very high importance in the Vedic Hindu tradition and philosophy of ancient India. The Vedic literature which refers to both the Vedas and the subsequent literature based on Vedas emphasize that the roles of sound both as source signal and as hearing are important. This work ...
Ferrance Randy J - - 2010
A great deal has been published in the chiropractic literature regarding the response, or lack thereof, of various common pediatric conditions to chiropractic care. The majority of that literature is of low scientific value (that is, case reports or case series). The purpose of this review is to summarize the ...
Rumrill Phillip D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This article compares and contrasts scoping literature reviews with other established methods for understanding and interpreting extant research literature. METHODS: Descriptions of the key principles and applications of scoping reviews are illustrated with examples from contemporary publications. CONCLUSIONS: Scoping reviews are presented as an efficient way of identifying themes ...
Sandler S G - - 2010
The recommended dose of Rh immune globulin for postpartum Rh immunoprophylaxis is based on an estimation of the volume of the fetomaternal hemorrhage, if any, measured as the percent of fetal RBCs in a sample of the D– mother's blood. Laboratory methods for distinguishing fetal from maternal RBCs have been ...
Bae Christopher J - - 2010
Traditionally, Middle Pleistocene hominin fossils that cannot be allocated to Homo erectus sensu lato or modern H. sapiens have been assigned to different specific taxa. For example, in eastern Asia, these hominin fossils have been classified as archaic, early, or premodern H. sapiens. An increasing number of Middle Pleistocene hominin ...
Hallaji Zahra - - 2010
Milia en plaque, a rare inflammatory plaque type of milia is generally located in the periauricular area. Bilateral retroauricular milia en plaque is very rarely reported. Here, we report another case of bilateral retroauricular milia en plaque and review the previous cases.
Mogensen Mette - - 2010
In 2009, the WHO listed ultraviolet (UV) radiation as a group 1 carcinogen. In spite of this, each year, millions of people tan indoor in Western countries. The aim of this review is to summarize evidence of tanning bed carcinogenesis and to present guidelines for use of tanning beds and ...
Gaucher Jonathan - - 2010
One of the most obscure phenomena in modern biology is the near genome-wide displacement of histones that occurs during the postmeiotic phases of spermatogenesis in many species. Here we review the literature to show that, during spermatogenic differentiation, three major molecular mechanisms come together to 'prepare' the nucleosomes for facilitated ...
Fritsch Michael H - - 2009
This article presents a brief literature review of sialendoscopy and lithotripsy highlights from journal articles and presentations spanning from 1953 to 2009. Seventy-seven sources were reviewed for this article.
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