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O'Halloran Philip J - - 2013
Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion is one of the most common neurosurgical procedures for the treatment of chronic hydrocephalus. Although regarded as a relatively benign procedure, several complications including obstruction, infection and mechanical failure can be seen during the postoperative stage. Symptomatic sterile cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ascites and hydrothoracies are rare ...
Haddad Charles - - 2013
This case report describes a 58-year-old man who is otherwise healthy but has periodic episodes of syncope which only happen when he laughs vigorously. This occurs suddenly with no prodrome, so the patient has no time to react and is unable to brace himself when he falls. The case is ...
Wojtowicz Jeremy M - - 2013
ABSTRACTPurpura fulminans is a rare complication of septic shock, often associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae. Patients with anatomic or functional asplenia are at increased risk for infection because of impairment of their ability to defend against encapsulated pathogens. We report the case of a previously healthy, unimmunized 33-year-old female with functional ...
Meehan T - - 2013
We present an interesting case of superior and posterior semicircular canal dehiscence in pregnancy. We present a case report and a review of the world literature concerning semicircular canal dehiscence. A 34-year-old woman presented with sound and pressure induced vertigo at 22 weeks gestation. A thinly sliced computed tomography (CT) ...
Abraham Albin - - 2013
Interstitial pneumonitis as an adverse effect of mesalamine therapy is a rare but potentially serious complication. Patients typically have a mild disease course with no documented cases of respiratory failure in published literature. Given its variable latent period and non-specific signs and symptoms, it may be difficult to diagnose. We ...
Pavithran Keechilat - - 2013
Radiation-induced hypopigmentation consistent vitiligo has been reported in a few case reports. We report herewith a case of vitiligo at the site of radiation delivery after a lag of several months in a patient with preexisting hypothyroidism without a previous or family history of vitiligo, and review the cases reported ...
Evans Katherine G - - 2013
Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (SCLE) is a form of cutaneous lupus erythematosus that most often presents as scaly, erythematous, papulosquamous, or annular papules and plaques in a photodistributed pattern. Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus is classically considered to be either idiopathic or drug induced. There have been few reports of SCLE ...
Torreggiani Sofia S Pediatric Rheumatology, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Via Commenda 9, Milan 20122, Italy. - - 2013
Chorea is a movement disorder that may be found in children due to several causes. Here we focus especially on Systemic Lupus Erythematosus associated chorea. First we outline its epidemiology, hypothesized pathogenesis, clinical presentation and treatment, then we report four significant clinical cases, which represent well the extreme variability of ...
Grover Shabnam Bhandari SB Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2013
Anemia in neonatal period is rare, with the common causes being Rh and ABO blood group incompatibility, hemorrhagic disease of newborn, congenital hemolytic anemia, hemoglobinopathies, and TORCH (toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes virus) infections. Congenital leukemia and infantile osteopetrosis (OP) are among the rare causes of neonatal anemia. A review of ...
Bou Khalil R R Department of Endocrinology Saint Georges University Medical Center, University of Balamand Beirut - - 2013
Methimazole is an anti-thyroid drug commonly used to treat hyperthyroidism and is a relatively safe medication. Several side effects have been reported and usually develop within 3 months of therapy. Well-known adverse reactions include agranulocytosis, hepatitis, skin eruptions, and musculoskeletal complaints such as myalgia, arthralgia, and arthritis. So far, myositis ...
Lele Abhijit V - - 2012
The case of a 62 yearold Caucasian woman who underwent urgent hip hemiarthroplasty for repair of a pathological fracture is reported. The patient's medical history was significant for renal cell carcinoma, cerebellar metastases, and sunitinib-induced hypothyroidism. Her intraoperative course was complicated by profound hypothermia, bradycardia, augmentation of neuromuscular blockade, delayed ...
Fritsch Scheila - - 2012
The association of porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is rare. Systemic lupus erythematosus, of complex pathophysiology and pleomorphic clinical manifestations, is similar to PCT regarding photosensitivity. One finding that can differentiate both diseases is the presence of cutaneous blisters, which are rare in SLE, but characteristic ...
Sharma Rajeev - - 2012
Objective: To describe an unusual and underappreciated cause for hypokalemia.Methods: This is a case report and review of the literatureResults: Ingestion of massive amounts of cola containing beverages can lead to severe hypokalemia through several pathophysiologic mechanisms. These purtubations include osmotic diarrhea, osmotic diuresis and hyperinsulinemia secondary to hyperglycemia with ...
Chao Mwe Mwe - - 2012
Neonatal thrombocytopenia is a common clinical problem and may be a result of maternal and/or fetal conditions. We present a young patient with thrombocytopenia as a result of neonatal lupus, a passively acquired autoimmune disease. The diagnosis was suspected on the basis of the presence of a facial rash. This ...
Hassen Getaw Worku - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Angioedema secondary to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) is a commonly encountered problem in the Emergency Department (ED). The treatment of ACEI-induced edema with conventional methods such as epinephrine, steroids, and antihistamines is usually not effective. There is limited experience using bradykinin receptor blockers and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) as ...
Kassardjian Michael - - 2012
Lymphocytic thrombophilic arteritis is an entity only recently defined in the literature. This term describes a distinctive histopathological combination of lymphocytic vascular inflammation associated with a hyalinized fibrin ring in the vessel lumina, changes reflecting a thrombophilic endovasculitis. The authors present the case of a woman who developed lymphocytic thrombophilic ...
Ulusan Murat - - 2012
Laryngeal osteosarcoma is an extremely rare disease. Only 23 cases have been published in the literature. Radiation-induced laryngeal osteosarcoma is even rarer; this is only the third such case to be reported. A 59-year-old man underwent radiotherapy for an in situ laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma at another institution. Five years ...
Barcelos Anabela - - 2012
Neonatal Lupus Erythematosus (NLE) is a rare disease associated with placental transport of maternal anti-Ro/ /La and/or anti-U1RNP antibodies into the fetal circulation and characterized by cardiac, cutaneous, hematologic and hepatic manifestations. The most serious complication of NLE is complete heart block and cardiomyopathy. The maternal connective tissue disorder has ...
Smith Suzanne M - - 2012
A 71-year-old white male presented to the emergency department complaining of a worsening lower extremity rash. Thirteen days before presentation, the patient was placed on Multaq (dronedarone) for his paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Biopsy-proven leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LV) was diagnosed, and causes for the condition other than drug-induced were investigated and ruled ...
Chang Richard Shek-Kwan - - 2012
Lamotrigine, as a new generation anticonvulsant, has been widely used in treating epilepsy. It is also a mood stabilizer for bipolar disorder. Common adverse effects include nausea and vomiting, dyspepsia, insomnia, somnolence, and rash. However, drug-induced lupus (DIL) due to lamotrigine has been rarely reported. We report a case of ...
Senthilkumaran Subramanian S Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Sri Gokulam Hospital & Research Institute, Salem, - - 2013
Vaginal bleeding as the result of a leech infestation is rare. Here we present two cases of hypovolemic shock with severe anemia requiring blood transfusion due to leech infestation. We also briefly review sparse literature available on this entity.
Kim Ki Bae - - 2012
Ceftriaxone is widely used in patients for the treatment of serious gram-negative infections. Ceftriaxone can induce some potential side effects, including neurotoxicity, however, nonconvulsive status epilepticus has rarely been reported. We report a case of acute reversible neurotoxicity associated with ceftriaxone. A 65-yr-old woman with chronic kidney disease developed altered ...
Kepez Alper - - 2012
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is a rare and usually physical or emotional stress-induced clinical disorder characterized by transient left ventricular dysfunction and apical segment ballooning. Much is still unknown regarding risk factors and clinical relationships. Recently, an association between TC and malignancies has been proposed. We present a case of lung ...
Zochodne Douglas W - - 2012
This is a brief review of several novel strategies for therapeutic approaches to axonal damage in peripheral neuropathies. Although not comprehensive, the review addresses the challenges in axonal regrowth, newly identified roadblocks to regeneration and the concept of collateral reinnervation to restore lost neurological function.
Ellanti Prasad - - 2012
Bilateral simultaneous ruptures are rare comprising less than 1% of all Achilles tendon ruptures. Risk factors for bilateral ruptures include chronic diseases and medications such as corticosteroids and fluoroquinolones. There is little in the literature on the long-term functional outcome of bilateral Achilles tendon ruptures. This article present a series ...
Jain Abhishek Kumar - - 2012
Thiazolidinone is considered as a biologically important active scaffold that possesses almost all types of biological activities. Successful introduction of ralitoline as a potent anti-convulsant, etozoline as a antihypertensive, pioglitazone as a hypoglycemic agent and thiazolidomycin activity against streptomyces species proved potential of thiazolidinone moiety. This diversity in the biological ...
Ahonen Jouni - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the literature regarding the use of recombinant activated factor FVII (rFVIIa) in the treatment of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). RECENT FINDINGS: The previous and recent case reports and case series suggest a potential benefit of rFVIIa in the management of severe PPH refractory to standard treatment. ...
Thyssen Jacob P - - 2012
For those chemicals identified in point 2 above, to collect and critically analyse clinical and statistical evidence on the incidence and morbidity (clinical picture) of skin contact allergy (contact dermatitis) cases in the EU before (at least 3 years) and after the limits were set, so as to allow an ...
Wu Justin C Y - - 2012
See article in J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 2012; 27: 626-641.
Su Yu-Xiong - - 2012
Submandibular gland obstruction caused by foreign body is relatively uncommon. We discuss the diagnosis and management of foreign body-induced submandibular sialadenitis by an illustrative case report and review of the literature. We report a case of a patient who suffered from obstructive submandibular sialadenitis caused by an intraglandular fish bone, ...
Pan Yan - - 2012
In Australia bufexamac is mainly used for pharmacist-initiated local treatment of various dermatoses. The European Medicines Agency's Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use recently recommended that marketing authorisation for bufexamac-containing preparations be revoked throughout the European Union because of the risk of severe allergic contact dermatitis. We retrospectively reviewed ...
Rhodes Julia - - 2013
Lupus vulgaris is one of the most common forms of cutaneous tuberculosis. It presents a diagnostic challenge due to its paucibacillary nature. This is a report of a case of a delayed diagnosis of lupus vulgaris, presenting as perianal and peristomal plaques, followed by a review of the diagnostic tools ...
Hodges Eric A - - 2012
This literature review summarizes clinical recommendations for adequate physical activity and reviews recently published studies that focus on identifying common factors associated with physical activity levels among preschoolers in the United States and Canada. Currently, there is inconsistency in both the definition of and recommendations for physical activity. In addition, ...
Jacob Sharon E - - 2012
  We present four cases of children less than 2 years of age, seen in four different practices, with a similar, unique, and specific presentation of diaper dermatitis, all while using Pampers Baby Dry with Drymax™ technology. To date, no reported cases exist of allergic contact dermatitis to Pampers Dryweave™ in ...
Rhodes Ryan E - - 2012
Intention is theorised as the proximal determinant of behaviour in many leading theories and yet intention-behaviour discord is prevalent. The purpose of this review was to retrieve, theme and appraise the variables that have been evaluated as the potential moderators of the intention-behaviour relationship in the physical activity (PA) domain. ...
Queirós Gustavo - - 2012
Cyclosporine-induced haemolysis is a very rare adverse reaction. The few published cases in the literature are described in the context of haemolytic-uraemic syndrome in transplanted patients. We report a case of cyclosporine-induced haemolytic anaemia in a 9-year-old girl being treated for severe dermatomyositis.
Abourjaili Georges - - 2012
Hemolytic anemia is a known complication after valve replacement, but the incidence of hemolysis following valve repair is unknown. A case involving mitral annuloplasty complicated by hemolytic anemia, which resolved after replacement of the valve, is presented. Only 70 cases of hemolysis after mitral valve repair have been reported in ...
Yeo Cheng Hong - - 2012
We are reporting a case of nonabsorbable suture-induced osteomyelitis in patient who had an open rotator cuff repair with nonabsorbable Ethibond anchor suture. Patient in this case presented with very subtle clinical features of osteomyelitis of the left proximal humerus 15 years after initial rotator cuff repair surgery. Literature had ...
Al Azkawi Hanan - - 2012
Hypocalcemia is a rare but reversible cause of dilated cardiomyopathy with limited cases being reported in the literature. Vitamin D deficiency is the main cause of hypocalcemia in almost all reported cases. We report a newborn presented with hypocalcemia-induced dilated cardiomyopathy secondary to vitamin D deficiency. After calcium and vitamin ...
Adelowo Olufemi - - 2012
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has rarely been reported among African blacks. However, recent reports may indicate otherwise. Digital gangrene in lupus patients has been reported in different populations and has mostly been seen in patients with long-standing lupus. Digital gangrene as the initial presentation of SLE has rarely been reported, ...
Osiro Stephen - - 2012
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-induced pancreatitis in patients with AIDS is a known entity with poor prognosis. We report a case of a 43-year-old woman with AIDS and CMV viremia who was evaluated for hypotension and found to have severe necrotizing pancreatitis. The authors have also conducted a MEDLINE search for CMV-induced pancreatitis ...
Nehete Rajendra - - 2012
In bilateral thumb amputations, the functional impairment is serious and every attempt should be made to reconstruct the thumb. We report a case of bilateral post traumatic thumb amputation, reconstructed with bilateral second toe transfer. Only two such cases have been reported in literature so far. Though there are various ...
Gude D - - 2011
Antitubercular therapy (ATT) induced hepatotoxicity, although well known to clinicians, is often over looked and underrated. Given the low threshold of starting ATT, especially empirically, the adverse manifestations can take a considerable toll. A variety of associated risk factors compound the morbidity. We throw light on one such a case ...
Gonçalves Mariangela Barbi - - 2012
The cavernous sinus (CS) has one of the most complex anatomical networks of the skull base and because of the diversity of its contents is involved in many pathological processes. Nevertheless, anatomical literature concerning the CS is still controversial, so a systematic literature review was performed to find out the ...
MacDonald A H - - 2011
In this brief review, we explain the theoretical basis for the notion that spin-transfer torques (STTs) and giant-magnetoresistance effects can, in principle, occur in circuits containing only normal and antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials, and for the notion that antiferromagnets can play a role in STT phenomena in circuits containing both ferromagnetic ...
Scott David R - - 2011
In the wake of the Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005, national attention has increasingly focused on adverse-event reporting as a means of identifying systems changes to improve patient safety. However, physicians and residents have demonstrated meager involvement in this effort. In 2008-2009, the authors measured participation in ...
Staender Sven - - 2011
Incident reporting can be a powerful tool to detect weaknesses in the complex system of anaesthesiology. Having its roots in aviation, incident reporting today is used in a variety of medical disciplines at the local and even on the national level. Strength of incident reporting is the potential for learning ...
Jain Arsh - - 2011
Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) reporting has been implemented by laboratories and jurisdictions around the world. The purpose of this review is to summarize the recent literature evaluating the association between eGFR reporting and outcomes, specifically assessing its impact on nephrology referrals and characteristics of the referred population. Eight studies ...
Alperson Sunny Y - - 2011
This article compares and contrasts two systematic reviews of t'ai chi (TC) interventions on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. The aim is to examine how chosen quality rating instruments can impact systematic reviews of TC literature. The rating instruments in the reviews, the three-item scale of Jadad et al. ...
Walker Mark - - 2011
Between 1997 and 2002, 16 cases of acute childhood leukemia were diagnosed in children who either lived in Churchill County, Nevada at the time of diagnosis or had lived in the county before their diagnosis. The cases were characterized as a cluster of like illnesses and the probability of having ...
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