Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1830
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de Meijer Vincent E - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To update knowledge on the management of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) and to review the clinical data on the use of parenteral fish oil for reversal of PNALD. DATA SOURCES: A literature review was conducted by searching the MEDLINE database (May 1, 2009) using the keywords parenteral nutrition-associated ...
Braithwaite Jeffrey - - 2010
Following the introduction of an electronic Incident Information Management System (IIMS) in New South Wales, Australia, the authors investigated enablers and barriers to the use of IIMS and factors associated with increased, static and decreased reporting rates. An online and paper-based, anonymous survey of 2185 health practitioners collected information about ...
Brimo Fadi - - 2010
PURPOSE: We determined the value of mandatory second opinion pathology review to interpret prostate needle biopsy before radical prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all cases referred to our institution for radical prostatectomy in 1 year we compared pathological parameters in original and reviewed pathology reports, including benign, atypical or malignant ...
Kearney Thomas - - 2010
Herbal supplements are classified as foods rather than drugs and are not required to undergo premarketing review by the Food and Drug Administration. Yohimbine is an alpha(2)-antagonist available in both prescription and herbal supplement products. To determine the prevalence and severity of yohimbine-related adverse drug events (ADEs) reported to the ...
McNamee Roseanne - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Accuracy of incidence estimates may be affected by biases that depend on frequency of approach to reporters and reporting window length. A time-sampling strategy enables infrequent approaches with short windows but has never been evaluated. METHODS: A randomized crossover trial compared incidence estimates of work-related diseases using time-sampled versus ...
Sakai Toshinori - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Lumbar spondylolysis is a defect of the pars interarticularis known to occur as a stress fracture. Its incidence varies considerably depending on ethnicity, sex, and sports activity. However, there are few literature reviews describing its incidence in different ethnic groups or in people who engage in different sports. METHODS: ...
Tsushima Y - - 2010
The aim of this article is to review the published cases of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) in Japan. The Japanese medical literature database and MedLine were searched using the keywords NSF and nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy (January 2000 to March 2009). Reports in peer-reviewed journals and meeting abstracts were included, and ...
Granerod J - - 2010
Defining the causal relationship between a microbe and encephalitis is complex. Over 100 different infectious agents may cause encephalitis, often as one of the rarer manifestations of infection. The gold-standard techniques to detect causative infectious agents in encephalitis in life depend on the study of brain biopsy material; however, in ...
Aagaard Lise - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The potential risk of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in the paediatric population has become a public health concern and regulatory agencies in Europe and the US have acknowledged that there is a need for more research in this area. Spontaneous reporting systems can provide important new information about ADRs. ...
Fukuda H - - 2010
Incident reporting is a promising tool to enhance patient safety, but few empirical studies have been conducted to identify factors that increase the number of incident reports. Objective To evaluate how the number of incident reports are related to system-level activities and reporting design. A questionnaire survey was administered to ...
Rautiainen R H - - 2010
This article describes the development of the Certified Safe Farm (CSF) on-farm safety review tools, characterizes the safety improvements among participating farms during the study period, and evaluates differences in background variables between low and high scoring farms. Average farm review scores on 185 study farms improved from 82 to ...
Corriols Marianela - - 2010
Since 1995, Nicaragua has adopted several legal instruments to comply with children's rights, including international conventions and a minimum working age of 14 years. However, records from the Ministry of Health's Pesticide Program show continuing occupational acute pesticide poisonings (APP) among children five to 14-years-old from 1995 to 2006. We ...
Buiting Hilde M - - 2010
In 2007, a national review committee was instituted in The Netherlands to review cases of active ending of life for newborns. It was expected that 15-20 cases would be reported. To date, however, only one case has been reported to this committee. Reporting is essential to obtain societal control and ...
Zaleska-Dorobisz Urszula - - 2010
Diastematomyelia is a rare congenital malformation of the spinal cord, which belongs to the group of occult spinal dysraphisms. This disorder consists in the separation of the spinal cord into two parts in the sagittal plane (hemicords). Diastematomyelia may coexist with other spinal dysraphisms, such as myelomeningocele, meningocele, spinal lipoma, ...
Marak Rungmei S K RS Department of Microbiology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India. - - 2010
We present two cases of renal zygomycosis caused by Apophysomyces elegans and Mycocladus corymbifer in previously healthy immunocompetent males and an overview of the disease in India. In both cases a percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) was performed and the etiologic agents were identified by direct microscopy and culture. Amphotericin B was ...
McCart Michael R MR Family Services Research Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, 67 President St., STE MC406, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA. - - 2010
The authors review the literature on help-seeking behavior among adult victims of crime. Specifically, they summarize prevalence rates for formal and informal help seeking and review predictors of and barriers to service use following victimization. Research suggests that only a small fraction of crime victims seek help from formal support ...
Lewis Leslie Edward S - - 2010
Opsismodysplasia is a rare osteochondrodysplasia with micromelia and platyspondyly. We report on a neonate with opsismodysplasia. During the antenatal period, polyhydramnios was noted. This is the first report of opsismodysplasia from India. Significant observation was antenatal polyhydramnios.
Prakash Sanjay - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Response to indomethacin is an essential feature for the diagnosis of both paroxysmal hemicrania (PH) and hemicrania continua (HC). Cluster headache (CH) is widely considered to be a disease unresponsive to indomethacin. CASE REPORTS: We report four patients with CH who responded to indomethacin. Two patients, who were refractory ...
Nichols Brandon W - - 2010
A wandering liver has been described throughout modern medical literature as a rare entity. During the last few years, an increasing number of cases have been reported associated with colonic volvulus. We report a 17-year-old with a hypermobile liver seen on multiple radiographs and CT. The intraoperative findings demonstrated the ...
Islam Mohammad Amirul - - 2010
Consistency in reporting contraceptive use between spouses is little understood, especially in developing settings. This research challenges the accuracy of measuring contraceptive prevalence rate, which is traditionally calculated based on women's responses. Multinomial logistic regression techniques are employed on a couple dataset from the 1999-2000 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey ...
Garc?a-Garc?a Andr?s S - - 2010
While there is a hereditary component to tori, this does not explain all cases. Tori tend to appear more frequently during middle age of life; the torus palatinus is more commonly observed in females, but this is not the case with the torus mandibularis. Certain ethnic groups are more prone ...
Siri Augusto - - 2010
Trichomycetes, mainly from nonbiting midge (Chironomidae), mosquito (Culicidae) and black fly (Simuliidae) larvae (Insecta: Diptera), are reported from diverse freshwater environments principally from previously unexplored areas of Argentina. Four new species of Harpellales are described: Austrosmittium patagonicum, A. lenticum, Smittium basiramosum and Legeriomyces lichtwardtii. This is the first report of ...
Chapman Wendy W - - 2010
Background: Identifying patients for research studies often requires timely and expensive manual chart review. Automated searching on textual records results in many false positive cases, because a large proportion of clinical conditions described in reports occurred in the past history (past history of pneumonia), were experienced by a relative and ...
Mehanna Hisham M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Review of the literature reveals considerable variability in the definitions and criteria used for reporting postoperative hypocalcemia. The lack of standardization prevents a meaningful comparison of results and performance locally with the national standard. It also prevents the pooling of data when performing meta-analysis, and may affect the comparison ...
McDonnell Conor - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The concept of the morbidity and mortality (M&M) review is almost 100 years old, yet no standards describe "good practice" of M&M in clinical departments. Few reports measure output and impact of M&M reviews. The M&M activities were developed in a university-affiliated pediatric anesthesia department as part of a ...
Zeindler P R - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: It is unknown if the benefits of rapid treatment always outweigh the risks of emergency evacuation for recreational divers. To investigate current triage practice, we reviewed a three-year consecutive series of evacuations and analyzed the relationship of evacuation completion time (EvCT) to outcome in the decompression illness (DCI) cases. ...
Neimanis Aleksija S - - 2010
Forty-one outbreaks of mortality in wild finches were reported in southern Norway, Sweden, and Finland in the second half of 2008 (n = 40) and in February 2009 (n = 1). Greenfinches (Carduelis chloris) and occasional chaffinches (Fringilla coelebs) primarily were affected. Forty-eight greenfinches, eight chaffinches, one hawfinch (Coccothraustes coccothraustes), ...
Conde-Rosa Ana - - 2010
Candida is the fourth most common cause of nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSI), being Candida albicans the most common species. This study evaluated the distribution of Candida spp isolates at a tertiary care medical center. The associated factors and outcome of patients with candidemia at the Puerto Rico Medical Center (PRMC) ...
Saegeman V V Department of Medical Diagnostic Sciences, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, - - 2010
Mucormycosis is an angio-invasive mycosis with high morbidity and mortality rates which mainly affects immunocompromised patients. It is no longer an uncommon disease due to the increased incidence of diabetes and use of immunosuppressive agents in the current era. Our objective was to review all cases of proven and probable ...
Le Floch Anne - - 2010
Focal task-specific dystonia (FTSD) occurs exclusively during a specific activity that usually involves a highly skilled movement. Classical FTSD dystonias include writer's cramp and musician's dystonia. Few cases of sport-related dystonia have been reported. We describe the first four cases of FTSD related to table tennis (TT), two involving professional ...
Narayan Vinesh - - 2011
We critically appraised all published reports of hypomania and mania following antidepressant termination. To increase reliability and validity we devised diagnostic criteria for an antidepressant discontinuation or withdrawal 'manic state' based primarily on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition substance withdrawal criteria. A systematic literature review ...
Bloom Bradley J - - 2011
The objective of the study to review an experiential cohort of patients receiving IACS and review the associated literature. Review of 121 IACS in 61 patients with JIA. At 3-month intervals, injected joints were evaluated for swelling and range of motion, and the patient and parent were questioned regarding associated ...
Miafodzyeva Sviatlana - - 2010
Given the aim of motivating householders to behave in a recycling-friendly manner, there is a need to understand consumers' recycling behaviour. This paper documents and analyses acceptability and awareness of a pre-recycling society, through a survey carried out in the region of Minsk, Belarus. The results show a large number ...
Clark John A - - 2010
PURPOSE: To review topical bovine thrombin spontaneous adverse event (AE) reports that were forwarded to the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS) between January 1986 and December 2006. METHODS: Forty-one spontaneous AE reports were summarized for reported AE profile and chronological reporting patterns. Each AE ...
Deligny Christophe - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively study the incidence of chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CCLE) in French Guiana (FG), South America, during the period 1995-1999. METHODS: Private and public physicians specializing in dermatology, rheumatology, and internal medicine were asked during the year 2000 about lupus cases. We reviewed hospitals' files in data-processing departments. ...
Antonaci F - - 2010
The mean age of onset of cluster headache (CH) is in the late third decade. Only few cases of childhood-onset (< 14 years) CH have been reported in the literature. We report the case of an 11-year-old boy who suffered from sudden attacks of shock-like, intense pain, localized in the ...
Lin Jiun-Nong - - 2010
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Sphingomonas paucimobilis is a glucose-nonfermenting Gram-negative bacillus that is widely distributed in both natural environment and hospitals. Various infections in humans have been reported, but most have been limited to sporadic case reports. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and manifestations of S. paucimobilis ...
Bailey Steven - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The use of data mining has increased among regulators and pharmaceutical companies. The incremental value of data mining as an adjunct to traditional pharmacovigilance methods has yet to be demonstrated. Specifically, the utility in identifying new safety signals and the resources required to do so have not been elucidated. ...
Joshi Rajinder M - - 2010
We report a case of bacteremia caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis. A 2 years and 3 months female Kuwaiti child presented with febrile convulsions, mild cough and vomiting. The patient's history, clinical findings and radiological investigations were reviewed. There was no history of rat/animal bite, but the child had been camping ...
Schoellhorn K Janine - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Neural tube defects (NTDs), including spina bifida, encephalocele, and anencephaly, are severe congenital conditions that are readily identifiable at birth and therefore less likely than other birth defects to be misdiagnosed or under-reported. We tested the hypothesis that, because of the relatively straightforward diagnosis of NTDs, accurate estimates of ...
Tutino Lorenzo - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The use of lung ultrasound (LUS) in ICU is increasing but ultrasonographic patterns of lung are often difficult to quantify by different operators. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and quality of LUS reporting after the introduction of a standardized electronic recording sheet. METHODS: Intensivists ...
van Hunsel Florence - - 2010
AIM: To study the influence of media attention about statins and ADRs on the level of disproportionality, expressed as the reporting odds ratio (ROR) for statins in the Lareb database, based on patients' reports. METHODS: Patient reports about statins, before and after the broadcast of a consumer programme about statins, ...
Hesse M - - 2010
Music festivals are known to attract a high proportion of drug users. Using a survey of 1,772 visitors at the Roskilde Festival in Denmark, we assessed substance use at the festival, the incidence of use of substances among never-users and the incidence of use among lifetime users who had not ...
Navti O B - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To review the prevalence and perinatal management of cases of arthrogryposis delivering at our hospital over a 6-year period. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of cases of arthrogryposis managed at a UK teaching hospital. Cases were identified from the regional congenital anomalies register and departmental databases. Case notes ...
Bellos Anna - - 2010
Crises due to armed conflict, forced displacement and natural disasters result in excess morbidity and mortality due to infectious diseases. Historically, acute respiratory infections (ARIs) have received relatively little attention in the humanitarian sector. We performed a systematic review to generate evidence on the burden of ARI in crises, and ...
McGrogan Anita - - 2010
A systematic review of literature published between 1980 and 2007, on the incidence of myasthenia gravis, was undertaken. All relevant papers found through searches of Medline, Embase and Science Direct were critically appraised and an assessment was made of the reliability of the reported incidence data. Thirty-one studies were included ...
Zaykowski Heather - - 2010
This study examines the influence of the victim's race in reporting hate crimes to the police. Data from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) concentrated incident-level files (1992-2005) were used to (a) analyze how the victim's race influences the likelihood of reporting and (b) explore differences between reporting racial hate ...
Muscarella Lawrence F - - 2010
Recent attention has focused on the potential for the transmission of bacterial biofilms, Clostridium difficile, and other types of pathogenic spore-forming bacteria during gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. This study investigates whether GI endoscopy is a risk factor for the transmission of bacterial biofilms and the endospores or vegetative cells of pathogenic ...
Bukar M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cephalo pelvic disproportion is still the leading indication for caesarean section in many developing countries and the contribution of pelvic typology may play some role in this regard. Our objective is to determine the proportion of pelvic types as seen in a tropical setting. METHOD: A retrospective review of ...
Malik Richard - - 2010
SURVEY AIMS: A questionnaire was sent to veterinarians in Australia to determine the approximate number of cats presenting for permethrin spot-on (PSO) intoxication over a 2-year period. Of the 269 questionnaires returned, 255 were eligible for analysis. A total of 207 respondents (81%) reported cases of PSO intoxication in cats ...
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