Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1830
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Graves T - - 2010
Mitochondrial disease (MD) is diagnosed by muscle biopsy, including light and electron microscopy (EM), respiratory chain enzyme analysis (RCEA) and genetic studies. As EM and RCEA are costly and time-consuming, we compared muscle biopsies performed during January to June of 2004 and 2005. 34 cases from 2004 and 30 from ...
Neghina Raul - - 2011
Abstract Besides cardiac and neurological complications of trichinellosis, renal involvement is the most important as regards the cases published and discussed in literature and is generally characteristic of the severe forms of the disease. This article focuses exclusively on the renal disturbances that may occur in this parasitic illness and ...
Martowirono Kartinie - - 2012
Incident reporting can contribute to safer health care. Since the rate of reporting by residents is low, it is useful to investigate which barriers exist and how these can be solved. Data were collected in a large teaching hospital in the Netherlands. The hospital uses a confidential, voluntary and web-based ...
Falagas M E - - 2011
We sought to systematically review the published literature describing the epidemiological aspects of the first wave of pandemic A(H1N1) 2009 influenza in the Southern Hemisphere. Fifteen studies were included in this review, originating from South America, Australia or New Zealand, and Africa. Across the different studies, 16·8-45·3% of the laboratory-confirmed ...
Christley Yvonne - - 2012
The research community has for more than three decades tried to unravel the diagnostic mystery that is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). This has resulted in considerable amounts of time and money being invested in attempts aimed at establishing the aetiology and pathogenesis of CFS. All of this investment has produced ...
De Roos Anneclaire J - - 2010
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) incidence is unclear because of historical lack of population-based registration and possibly because of underdiagnosis. We conducted a study to evaluate completeness of MDS registration in the Seattle-Puget Sound region of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program-which has reported the highest rates among the SEER ...
Yen Nguyen Thu - - 2010
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is recognized as an important public health problem in Vietnam. A JE immunization program was introduced in 1997 in high-risk districts and expanded to additional districts over subsequent years. We reviewed national acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) surveillance data for 1998-2007 and analyzed more detailed data regarding JE ...
Mérida Velasco J R - - 2011
The supracochlear cartilage is known as an accessory cartilage of the chondrocranium situated between the otic capsule and the trigeminal ganglion. Although claimed to appear regularly during human development, its incidence and development have been reported only scarcely in the literature. The aim of this study was to describe the ...
Felizardo N N - - 2011
From December 2006 to March 2008, 60 specimens of Paralichthys isosceles and 25 specimens of P. patagonicus were investigated for helminths. One hundred and sixty-nine digeneans were recovered and parasites were identified as juvenile didymozoids of two types. Torticaecum and Neotorticaecum were found in 48 of the 60 P. isosceles ...
Benatar Michael - - 2011
Abstract Our objective was to investigate the utility of existing data sources for identifying cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and related motor neuron diseases (MND) in the State of Georgia. Data were acquired from Medicare, Medicaid, Veterans Administration, Emory Healthcare, community neurologists, the ALS Association, and mortality records for ...
Perez-Lloret Santiago - - 2010
Pharmacodynamical differences between dopamine agonists (DAs) suggest differences in their adverse drug reactions (ADRs) profile. In this study, frequencies of ADR to DAs or levodopa reports in the French Pharmacovigilance Database were explored. Reports occurring between January 1, 1984 and December 31, 2008 were selected (2,189 for DAs and 1,315 ...
Derraik Jose G B - - 2010
Reports of myiasis in humans in New Zealand are somewhat rare, and little attention has been paid to this issue in the local medical literature. A number of Diptera (fly) families present in New Zealand have been associated with cases of human myiasis: Calliphoridae (7 species), Fanniidae (2 species), Muscidae ...
Scott Danny W - - 2011
This retrospective study describes 68 alpacas with skin diseases investigated from 1997 through 2006 at Cornell University. During this time period, 40 of 715 (5.6%) alpacas presented to the university hospital had dermatological diseases. In addition, skin-biopsy specimens accounted for 86 of 353 (24.4%) of alpaca biopsy specimens submitted to ...
Mah V Kandice - - 2011
Reports of improved survival rates for cases of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) patients have prevailed in the literature over the past 10 years. These improvements have been attributed to advances in medical management in the postnatal period. However, further inquiries into the true survival of CDH patients through population-based studies ...
Shih Michael J - - 2010
Currently, few studies have been conducted to assess the outcome patterns of medicolegal cases involving patients with cardiovascular disease. Thus, the literature was reviewed for patterns of liability and medical outcomes in patients involved in aortic stenosis (AS) litigation. Legal case opinions were obtained from LexisNexis Academic; case characteristics, litigation ...
Lalich Ian J - - 2010
Recently, the rate of severe, invasive community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infection has been increasing in healthy children. The single most common cause of necrotizing fasciitis in children is group A Streptococcus. Empiric therapy is usually targeted at this organism, which is uniformly sensitive to penicillin. Necrotizing fasciitis caused by ...
Malek-Marín T - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage (SRH) is a rare but potentially fatal entity. Despite published case reports of SRH in dialysis, little systematic information is available. METHODS: Report of 5 cases and review of MEDLINE database from 1971 until 2008. RESULTS: Incidence of SRH in our unit was 0.86 cases per ...
Owens Scott R - - 2010
We recently implemented a novel pre-sign-out quality assurance tool in our subspecialty-based surgical pathology practice at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. It randomly selects an adjustable percentage of cases for review by a second pathologist at the time the originating pathologist's electronic signature is entered and requires that the ...
Caltabiano G A - - 2010
An abnormal communication between the subarachnoid spaces and the tympanic cavity and mastoid cells can determine a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak in the air spaces of the temporal bone. The etiology of CFS leak in the temporal air cells includes acquired, congenital and spontaneous causes. Spontaneous CSF leak, defined as ...
Beatty Julia - - 2010
Diverse disease processes result in sufficient fluid accumulation within the pleural space to cause respiratory compromise. Determining the underlying aetiology is key to appropriate management. This review outlines a practical approach to cases of pleural effusion, focusing on early recognition and confirmation of pleural space disease, stabilisation of the patient ...
Mathews Katherine D KD Department of Pediatrics, Roy and Lucille Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA. - - 2010
The Muscular Dystrophy Surveillance Tracking and Research Network (MD STARnet) is a multisite collaboration to determine the prevalence of childhood-onset Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy and to characterize health care and health outcomes in this population. MD STARnet uses medical record abstraction to identify patients with Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy born January 1, ...
Perissinotti Anthony J - - 2010
To review evidence for the use of intrathecal rituximab and trastuzumab in the management of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis. A search of MEDLINE (1966-July 2010) and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (1970-July 2010) was performed using search terms intrathecal, trastuzumab, rituximab, and monoclonal antibody. Additionally, American Society of Clinical Oncology, San Antonio Breast Conference, ...
Frolov Polina - - 2010
Gastroschisis and omphalocele are usually considered together since they are both congenital abdominal wall defects, and yet their anatomy, embryogenesis, and clinical presentation and problems are quite different. In addition, it appears that the risk factors for their occurrence differ. Etiologic factors contributing to the development of these defects are ...
Fesenko S - - 2010
An extensive programme of experiments on transfer of radionuclides to aquatic species was conducted in the former USSR starting from the early 1950s. Only a few of these studies were made available in the English language literature or taken into account in international reviews of radionuclide behaviour in marine ecosystems. ...
Chen Michael - - 2011
Inadvertent deformation and displacement of a fully deployed closed-cell intracranial nitinol stent may occur with manipulation of other devices through or beyond them. Such displaced and deformed stents may obstruct the lumen, risking formation of thromboemboli, and/or fail to no function as a scaffold to assist with coil embolization. We ...
Sevdalis Nick - - 2010
Diagnostic errors and delays carry potentially grave consequences for patients and feature prominently in studies of adverse events in health care. Diagnostic errors present a particular challenge for error/incident reporting systems because they involve clinical reasoning and are difficult to define precisely. The aim of the present study was to ...
Numminen H J - - 2011
Background:  The incidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) varies considerably between reports mainly because of variable methods used in recruiting of cases and especially in defining mild TBI. This study was carried out to evaluate the incidence in a given population according to published criteria for mild TBIs. Methods:  All ...
Hutchinson Cindy - - 2010
near-miss case reviews are one of a number of audit approaches currently being used and evaluated by those with an interest in reducing high rates of maternal mortality in developing countries. Researchers are beginning to take an interest in issues relating to the sustainability of audits. to develop an understanding ...
Moffatt Jennifer J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: A literature review was conducted to identify the reported benefits attributed to telehealth for people living and professionals working in rural and remote areas of Australia. DATA SOURCES: Scopus and relevant journals and websites were searched using the terms: telemedicine, telehealth, telepsychiatry, teledermatology, teleradiology, Australia, and each state and ...
Fischer Jason W J - - 2010
Pediatric syncope is a common presentation in the emergency department. Most causes are benign, but an evaluation must exclude rare life-threatening disorders. The lack of objective findings can pose a challenge. This case-based review emphasizes the importance of a detailed history and physical examination with electrocardiogram in determining high-risk patients.
Hakim Christiane M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to subjectively compare additional mammographic views to digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) in the characterizing of known masses, architectural distortions, or asymmetries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four experienced radiologists serially reviewed the imaging studies of 25 women with known masses, including full-field digital mammography (FFDM), ...
Snyder Charles L - - 2010
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) has been reported to occur in a sporadic manner and in clusters of cases. We hypothesized that variations in the incidence of NEC were random, without clustering. In order to define the pattern of NEC in the United States, we analyzed the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) ...
Martin-Blondel Guillaume - - 2011
Background Toxoplasmic encephalitis associated with immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (TE-IRIS) is rarely described. Methods To identify TE-IRIS cases, the authors performed a retrospective study of all HIV-infected patients diagnosed as having TE in our unit between January 2000 and June 2009, and a review of published cases. Results Three patients ...
Alanio Alexandre - - 2011
We report a rare case of dermatophytosis due to Microsporum praecox in a 28-year-old female horse rider. The skin lesion was located on the right external malleolus. Microscopic examination of skin scrapings revealed a dermatophyte which was also isolated in culture. The identification of M. praecox was confirmed by molecular ...
Kirk M D - - 2010
We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature in order to estimate the incidence of gastroenteritis in long term care facility (LTCF) residents from published accounts of infection surveillance. PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar were searched using keywords 'long-term care facility', 'nursing home', 'gastroenteritis', 'surveillance', and ...
Fraunfelder F W - - 2011
To report a possible association between interferon alfa therapy and anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION). Database study and review of the literature. Thirty-six case reports from spontaneous reporting systems and the literature. Case reports from a review of the literature were combined with spontaneous reports from the National Registry of ...
Falagas M E - - 2010
Preliminary data regarding the experience of countries of the Northern Hemisphere with pandemic 2009 A(H1N1) influenza have already appeared in the literature. We aimed to evaluate the available published literature describing the epidemiological features of pandemic influenza. We searched PubMed; 35 studies (14 referred to European countries, eight to the ...
Singh Jasmeet - - 2010
This review of the literature was performed to study the frequency and preference of usage of the buccal fat pad (BFP) in oral and maxillofacial reconstruction and to determine its potential versatility in various clinical applications. A computerized literature search using Medline, the JGate@Helinet database, and the Google internet search ...
Slattery David - - 2010
The presentation of a Chinese patient with unilateral Dupuytren's disease (DD) prompted a literature search and a review of the epidemiology of DD in the Asian population as it has never been cumulatively reported. The purpose of this paper is to review all the reported cases of DD in the ...
Krishnaraj Arun - - 2010
Previous studies have documented reductions in turnaround time after implementation of voice recognition software in the generation of radiology reports. Our preliminary observations suggested that improvement in report turnaround time varies among users. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of work habits and caseload on such ...
Liptzin Benjamin - - 2010
With the aging of the population there will be a substantial transfer of wealth in the next 25 years. The presence of delirium can complicate the evaluation of an older person's testamentary capacity and susceptibility to undue influence but has not been well examined in the existing literature. A subcommittee ...
Araújo Karina Conceição G M de - - 2010
This was a retrospective descriptive study on a series of cases of schistosomal myeloradiculopathy (SMR) and the aim was to investigate the incidence of this disease and its clinical and epidemiological characteristics in cases diagnosed at three healthcare units in Pernambuco, Brazil between 1994-2006. The data were collected by reviewing ...
Pu Jiarui - - 2010
Serous microcystic adenomas (SMAs), also known as glycogen-rich cystadenomas, are uncommon exocrine tumors mainly involved in the body and tail of the pancreas. In this study, we report two SMA cases of the pancreatic head. In case 1, a 47-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for abdominal bloating and ...
Johnson Annette J - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine if radiology residents who use a structured reporting system (SRS) produce reports of greater clarity than residents who use free-text dictation to report cranial MR imaging in patients with clinical suspicion of stroke. This double-cohort study included residents creating reports for 25 ...
Ghannoum M M Division of Nephrology, Verdun Hospital, University of Montreal, Verdun, Quebec. - - 2010
We describe the case of a 42-year-old female who presented to our care 1 hour after ingesting 3.6 g of phenytoin. She was stuporous 48 hours after admission despite supportive therapy. She was treated with hemodialysis (HD) for nearly 6 hours in order to remove phenytoin. Her level of consciousness ...
Isaradisaikul Suwicha - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to review etiologies and identify the time-course of vertigo presenting in an ear, nose, and throat clinic, and serve as a reference guide for other clinics. The study includes retrospective chart review in a tertiary care, university hospital. The patient data with reported ICD-10 ...
Pfeiffer Y - - 2010
Incident reporting systems are widely considered effective instruments for learning from incidents. However, research shows that many incidents are not reported by healthcare providers. The lack of theoretical foundation in research on barriers to and motivators for incident reporting is addressed in this article, and a psychological framework of antecedents ...
Tseng Fang-Wen - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Clear cell papulosis (CCP) was described as a new entity in 1987. Since then, only case reports or small case series have appeared in the literature and the long-term outcome of CCP remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to review cases of CCP diagnosed at our ...
Wolitzky-Taylor Kate B - - 2011
Rape affects one in seven women nationwide. Historically, most rape victims do not report rape to law enforcement. Research is needed to identify barriers to reporting and correlates of reporting to guide policy recommendations that address such barriers. We investigated the prevalence of reporting rape among a national sample of ...
Elsler Dietmar - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: In many European countries, external economic incentives are discussed as a policy instrument to promote occupational safety and health (OSH) in enterprises. This narrative case study review aims to support policy-makers in organizations providing such incentives by supplying information about different incentive schemes and their main characteristics such as ...
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