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Hrynchak Patricia P School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, - - 2014
Key-feature questions (KFQs) have been developed to assess clinical reasoning skills. The purpose of this paper is to review the published evidence on the reliability and validity of KFQs to assess clinical reasoning. A literature review was conducted by searching MEDLINE (1946-2012) and EMBASE (1980-2012) via OVID and ERIC. The ...
- - 2014
'It is not surprising the BMJ investigates itself and exonerates itself.' Professor Sir Rory Collins.
Nistal Manuel M a Hospital La Paz, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: Testes can feature abnormalities in their number and location. A rich literature exists describing these variations. Here we review the main theories to explain these malformations, and present their main morphological features.
Goodman A L AL Department of Infection and Immunity, University College London, Cruciform Building, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK, - - 2014
As scientific techniques for the detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) improve, we are able to detect small amounts of CMV in the mucosal wall. As clinicians, we are unsure how to interpret the results of this novel test. There is controversy in the literature as to the significance of the detection ...
Raelson Colin C Department of Radiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New - - 2014
Chiasmatic-hypothalamic masses are commonly seen in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 and often demonstrate a benign clinical course. These masses are, however, rare in adults and require tissue sampling for diagnosis. Here, we present four cases of chiasmatic-hypothalamic masses in adults with pathologically proven diagnoses. We also provide a review ...
Buonfrate D D Centre for Tropical Diseases (CTD),Sacro Cuore Hospital,Negrar, - - 2014
SUMMARY Strongyloides stercoralis is rarely recognized as a major public health issue, probably because its burden is largely underestimated. We reviewed the literature (both PubMed and 'grey' literature) about the prevalence of strongyloidiasis in Latin America, an area of presumable high endemicity. There were finally 88 papers involved in the ...
Moriarty Ann T AT From the Department of Esoteric Testing, AmeriPath Indiana, Indianapolis (Dr Moriarty); the Department of Cytopathology, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois (Dr Nayar); the Department of Pathology, McGill University and McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Dr Auger); the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, University of Wisconsin, Madison (Dr Kurtycz); the Departments of Surveys (Ms Thomas) and Biostatistics (Ms Souers), College of American Pathologists, Northfield, Illinois; the Department of Pathology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas (Dr Laucirica); the Department of Pathology, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire (Dr Padmanabhan); the Department of Pathology and Genomic Medicine, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas (Dr Schwartz); and the Department of Pathology, University of Louisville Hospital, Louisville, Kentucky (Dr - - 2014
Context.-Nongynecologic cytology (NGC) practices are expected to expand relative to gynecologic cytology. The College of American Pathologists attempts to track practice patterns in NGC using a self-reported questionnaire. Objective.-To analyze self-reported laboratory staffing and practices from a 2010 survey relating to NGC specimens, stains, preparation, procedures, and ancillary testing. Design.-The ...
Nayak Vaibhav J VJ Department of Pathology, PES Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Kuppam, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
Persistent mullerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is usually an accidental finding either during orchipexy or during routine inguinal hernia repair in male patients presenting with maldescended or crytorchid testes. It is caused by a defect in the mullerian inhibiting substance system. Intraoperatively, mullerian remnants consisting of an infantile uterus and fallopian ...
Johnston Philip C PC Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue Desk F20, Cleveland, OH, 44195, - - 2014
Ectopic pituitary adenomas are defined by the presence of adenomatous pituitary tissue outside the sella and distinctly separate from the pituitary gland. Ectopic ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas (EAPAs) are a rare cause of Cushing's syndrome. Detecting these radiologically can prove difficult, in part, due to their typically small size and unpredictable ...
Megna Matteo M Department of Dermatology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, - - 2014
Anterior cervical hypertrichosis (ACH), or "hairy throat," is a rare form of localized hypertrichosis that refers to the presence of a tuft of terminal hair on the anterior neck. Only 40 cases of ACH have been reported in the literature. Although it is usually an isolated finding, it may be ...
Weiss Kenneth J KJ Dr. Weiss is Clinical Associate Professor, Dr. Watson is Clinical Assistant Professor, and Dr. Xuan is a Fellow in Forensic Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. - - 2014
The landmark case Frye v. United States is associated with the general-acceptance standard for admissibility of scientific evidence. The standard, still the law in some jurisdictions, has largely been replaced by one based on Federal Rule of Evidence 702. Although it is known from the 1923 Frye opinion's terse wording ...
Menon Seema S From the *Children's Hospital at Westmead Burns Research Institute and the †Burns Unit, Douglas Cohen Department of Paediatric Surgery, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Scalp burns in the pediatric population appear relatively uncommon, with most reported cases occurring in adults secondary to electrical burns. We reviewed our experience with the management of these injuries in children. A retrospective review was conducted at our institution from March 2004 to July 2011. Scalp burns were defined ...
Balci Ozlem O Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Maltepe University, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Epibulbar osseous choristomas are rare congenital simple choristomas consisting of pure bone on the sclera. It is usually recognized in childhood and most often located in the superotemporal quadrant. A case of 7-year-old male who presented with a history of mass in the left eye was reported in this paper. ...
Hume J B JB Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health & Comparative Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, - - 2014
Reported here are several deviations (n = 15; 1·96%) from typical morphology in a large sample (n = 767) of European brook lamprey Lampetra planeri from a single population in the Loch Lomond catchment; this includes one specimen bearing a true anal fin. A brief review of petromyzontid teratology is ...
Ambati Druvtej D College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, - - 2014
Most giant pheochromocytomas do not present with classic symptoms, as documented by published case reports. Given this, clinicians have to consider a wide differential diagnosis for any retroperitoneal mass and perform screening tests to rule out a pheochromocytoma. We describe the largest pheochromocytoma reported in Canada, where the patient presented ...
Riyach Omar - - 2014
Amputation of the penis is a rare traumatic injury reported from various parts of the world as isolated cases. A complete reconstruction of all penile structures should be attempted in one stage which provides the best chance for full rehabilitation of the patient. We report the case of a 35-year-old ...
Attallah M M MM Department of Oral Kinesiology, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA), University of Amsterdam and VU University Amsterdam, MOVE Research Institute Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) have a multifactorial etiology. Among others, parafunctions and oral habits have been suggested as important initiating and perpetuating factors. Playing a musical instrument that loads the masticatory system, like wind instruments and the violin or viola, has been suggested to be part of this group of etiological ...
Comar Samuel Ricardo SR Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Curitiba, PR, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
to verify whether the review criteria for automated blood counts suggested by the International Consensus Group for Hematology Review of the International Society for Laboratory Hematology are suitable for the Hematology Laboratory of Hospital de Clinicas, Universidade Federal do Paraná. initially, the review criteria of the International Society for Laboratory ...
Chakraborti Chandana C Department of Ophthalmology, Calcutta National Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, - - 2014
Ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum (AFA) is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by partial or complete adhesion of upper and lower eyelids, usually seen as an isolated finding but often associated with other anomalies or a well-defined syndrome. We report two cases of AFA who presented at a tertiary eye care center ...
Chen Xiaowei X Departments of 2Obstetrics and Gynecology (V.L.G., T.H., J.D.W.), Division of Gynecologic Oncology 1Pathology and Cell Biology (X.C., D.H-B., X.L-J., Y.C.K.K., T.C.W.), Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New - - 2014
Adenomyosis is a common, non-neoplastic, chronic gynecologic disorder that is detected in 5% to 70% of hysterectomy specimens. It is characterized by the presence of ectopic endometrial glands and stroma within the myometrium, and it occurs mostly in late reproductive age women. Adenomyosis has a propensity to present in the ...
Cunningham Lauren C LC Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Wexner Medical Center, The Ohio State University, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Parathyroid hormone (PTH)-secreting thymomas are an exceedingly rare entity. A PTH-secreting thymoma was discovered in the workup of a patient with primary hyperparathyroidism. A concomitant parathyroid adenoma was removed from the same patient. We present the intriguing clinical course and review the literature on this rare entity. In addition, ...
Layfield Lester J LJ Department of Pathology and Anatomical Sciences, Columbia, - - 2014
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is widely utilized due to its short turnaround time (TAT), diagnostic accuracy, and low cost. Controversy exists as to what role cytotechnologists should play in evaluation of FNAs. Some authorities believe all FNAs should be screened by cytotechnologists while others believe that cytotechnologist review is unnecessary.  Sixty ...
Allison Kimberly H KH Department of Pathology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, - - 2014
A better understanding of the reasons for diagnostic variability may help reduce the phenomenon. In preparation for a study on interpretation of breast specimens (B-Path), a panel of three experienced breast pathologists reviewed 336 cases to develop consensus reference diagnoses. After independent assessment, cases coded as diagnostic discordance were discussed ...
Downes Michelle R MR Department of Pathology, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, M5G 2C4, - - 2014
Prophylactic hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is increasingly being undertaken in patients with Lynch syndrome (LS). The pathological features in such specimens are not well described and, unlike the SEE-FIM protocol for salpingo-oophorectomy specimens in BRCA 1/2 mutation carriers and the gastrectomy grossing protocols for patients with CDH-1 (E-cadherin) mutations, guidelines ...
Renker T T Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Bern, Bern, - - 2014
Immunoglobulin light-chain (AL) amyloidosis is a form of systemic amyloidosis in which the fibrils are derived from monoclonal light chains. We report a case of a 66-year-old woman presenting with nail changes, parchment-like hand changes, progressive alopecia and sicca syndrome. Histopathological studies of biopsy specimens of the scalp, the nail, ...
Chłond Dominik D University of Silesia, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, Department of Zoology, ul. Bankowa 9, 40-007 Katowice, Poland.; Email: - - 2014
Peyrierocoris seyrigi (Villiers, 1970) is redescribed and its taxonomic position is revised to accommodate Vesbius seyrigi Villiers, 1970, erroneously described under the generic name Vesbius Stål, 1865. Redescription and drawings of the dorsal habitus and characters of the male and female genitalia, as well as a drawing of the ovarian ...
Mishra M - - 2014
Haemoptysis is defined as expectoration of blood originating from the lungs or tracheo-bronchial tree. It is attributed to various causes like tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, lung cancer, mycetoma, foreign bodies etc. Various types of foreign bodies have been reported in the literature. We report the case of an adult female patient who ...
Itani Malak M Division of Abdominal Imaging, Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, - - 2013
Myelolipoma is an uncommon benign tumor that classically arises in the adrenal glands. Most cases are asymptomatic, with incidental detection of this tumor on cross-sectional imaging performed for other causes. Extra-adrenal occurrence of myelolipoma has been infrequently reported, with scarce radiology literature on the topic. We present radiologic and pathologic ...
Tarrats Luis A LA Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Congenital arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) result from inadequate differentiation of the vascular system during fetal development. This case report describes an AVF of the neck, which possibly manifested as noise interference during a newborn hearing-screening test by otoacoustic emissions (OAEs). This report is in compliance with the institutional review board regulations ...
Sano Kazuo - - 2013
Recent advances in diagnostic tools, such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), have provided clinicians with the opportunity to detect asymptomatic meningiomas. This report describes a case of frontal convexity meningioma detected incidentally at MRI during the preoperative assessment of tongue cancer. To the best of the authors' ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2013
Context.-Previous studies have shown that there are disagreements in interlaboratory consultation, including false-negative and false-positive diagnoses. To date, methods to reduce false-negative and false-positive diagnoses have been poorly documented. Objective.-To identify features associated with false-negative and false-positive diagnoses in anatomic pathology. Design.-We reviewed the results of interlaboratory consultation in our ...
Arce Julian - - 2013
Primary gynecological lymphomas are rare and difficult to diagnose with Pap test. Herein, we report an uncommon case of plasmablastic lymphoma in a 61-year-old female with human immunodeficiency virus that presents with vaginal bleeding. The following case report shows the cytological features on liquid-based Pap test, cell block studies with ...
Wang Xinlu - - 2013
Juvenile polyps are a rare form of gastrointestinal polyps and are generally diagnosed by colonoscopy or barium enema. In this article, we describe the case of a 3-year-old girl with a large juvenile polyp that was diagnosed by abdominal ultrasound. Ultrasound examination is necessary for children who pass dark red ...
Tattoli Lucia L Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Bari, P.zza G. Cesare, 11, 70124 Bari, - - 2014
In forensic sciences, bone marrow (BM) is an alternative matrix in postmortem toxicology because of its good resistance to autolysis and contaminations. Nevertheless, few studies have been focused on postmortem BM morphological changes after pathological stimuli. We examined 73 BM samples from forensic autopsies; causes of death were both natural ...
Jardes Daniel J - - 2013
To describe the clinical presentation and case management of a dog that developed hemolytic anemia and evidence of renal tubular dysfunction after ingestion of a natural hair dye containing Lawsonia inermis (henna). To review cases of henna toxicity reported in the human literature. An 8-year-old female spayed Border Collie was ...
Koch D - - 2013
We describe the diversity of indications for laser hair removal (LHR) therapy and compare our experience with the literature. Patients' case notes referred to the Birmingham Regional Skin Laser Centre between 2003 and 2011 for laser hair removal, with indications other than hirsutism, were reviewed retrospectively. Thirty-one treated patients with ...
Treurniet Kilian M KM Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The - - 2013
To assess the frequency and possible causes of downgrading from a Gleason score (GS) 7 at biopsy to a GS ≤6 at radical prostatectomy (RP) in a Canadian referral centre. Data were extracted from diagnostic reports of inhouse biopsies and matching prostatectomy specimens from 2008 to 2011 with a GS ...
Alkhalidi Hisham Mohammed Said HM Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2013
Panfolliculoma is an exceeding rare follicular benign neoplasm with differentiation toward both upper and lower segments of the hair follicle. In this report, we present a case of cystic panfolliculoma in the occipital region of the scalp of a 19-year-old female. We describe the histopathological and immunohistochemical features of the ...
Lacarrubba Francesco F Dermatology Clinic, University of Catania, - - 2013
Circle hairs (CH) represent a body hair growth disorder characterized by asymptomatic presence of hairs with typical circular or spiraliform arrangement, not associated with follicular or inflammatory abnormalities. Although this condition is rarely reported, it is probably underestimated, as a medical consultation for CH only is rare in practice. Trichoscopic ...
Malathi Munisamy - - 2013
Hair whorls are a normal characteristic of the human scalp and abnormally placed or absent whorls have been associated with cranial or neurologic abnormalities. We report a case of multiple whorls in a child with normal neurologic development. We also include a brief review of the literature on the development ...
Hatanaka Kazuhito - - 2013
Paratesticular liposarcoma is a rare neoplasm, described in single case studies or components of larger studies, as histologically well-differentiated liposarcoma (WDL) and dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DL). However, leiomyosarcomatous differentiation is an extremely rare occurrence in WDL and DL. We report a case of leiomyosarcomatous differentiation in a 77-year-old man. The patient ...
Ozuguz Pinar - - 2013
Peripilar keratin casts, also called pseudonits or hair casts, are thin, elongated, greyish-white, cylindrical, sleeve-like structures that encircle the hair shaft and can easily be slid along the hair. They may be clinically misdiagnosed as nits. In addition to physical removal, keratolytic lotions or shampoos are helpful. We report an ...
Becker K - - 2013
We thank Dr Bunker for adding another condition playing a role in the pathogenesis of LS. Indeed the "warm, moist, urine-exposed environment" was postulated as predilecting BXO in the observation of Depasquale and al. (1) We refer to this theory in our review of 225 cases of LS in boys. ...
Tanis Wilco - - 2013
For acquired mechanical prosthetic heart valve (PHV) obstruction and suspicion on thrombosis, recently updated European Society of Cardiology guidelines advocate the confirmation of thrombus by transthoracic echocardiography, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), and fluoroscopy. However, no evidence-based diagnostic algorithm is available for correct thrombus detection, although this is clinically important as fibrinolysis ...
James Katherine A - - 2013
To review the published literature investigating the association between cadmium exposure and osteoporosis. A review of published peer-reviewed literature based on a priori criteria was completed. Odds ratios (OR) were abstracted or estimated from observational studies to calculate a pooled OR using inverse variance weighted random effects models. The review ...
Smith Tovia M - - 2013
In light of vaginal mesh safety concerns, we reviewed our institutional experience with analytic processes and pathologic findings of explanted vaginal mesh to identify problems and opportunities to facilitate improved documentation and research. We reviewed gross and microscopic pathology reports and archival slides of explanted mesh specimens from January 2010 ...
Silva Honara Morgana da - - 2013
The present paper reports the occurrence of Microlynchia pusilla in the state of Rio Grande do Norte (RN) on Leptotila verreauxi approximans from a deciduous forest fragment located in the municipality of Macaíba. A specimen of L. v. approximans was collected in June 2012, wrapped in paper towels and kept ...
Sohn Jae-Cheon - - 2013
Abstract This review describes four species of Atteva (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutoidea: Attevidae) from China, including two new species: A. wallengreni n. sp. and A. yanguifella n. sp. The taxonomic identity of the Ailanthus webworm moth from South and Southeast Asia is revised with a designation of neotype for Phalaena (Tinea) fabriciella ...
Henderson Bernardine C - - 2013
Second- and third-degree burns of the toes resulted when a 69-year-old man with Charcot foot and a recent fractured ankle followed the advice of his local podiatrist. The man got his fiberglass cast wet while showering and was told to dry his cast using the low setting on a blow ...
Ventura Francesco - - 2013
We report a fatal case of streptococcal and meningococcal meningitis in a previously healthy 2-year-old child, a simultaneous co-infection of both pathogens that is poorly reported in the reviewed literature. The lack of a clinical diagnosis in addition to the medico-legal aspects arising from possible professional liability for the emergency ...
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