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Riyach Omar - - 2014
Amputation of the penis is a rare traumatic injury reported from various parts of the world as isolated cases. A complete reconstruction of all penile structures should be attempted in one stage which provides the best chance for full rehabilitation of the patient. We report the case of a 35-year-old ...
Attallah M M MM Department of Oral Kinesiology, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA), University of Amsterdam and VU University Amsterdam, MOVE Research Institute Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) have a multifactorial etiology. Among others, parafunctions and oral habits have been suggested as important initiating and perpetuating factors. Playing a musical instrument that loads the masticatory system, like wind instruments and the violin or viola, has been suggested to be part of this group of etiological ...
Chen Xiaowei X Departments of 2Obstetrics and Gynecology (V.L.G., T.H., J.D.W.), Division of Gynecologic Oncology 1Pathology and Cell Biology (X.C., D.H-B., X.L-J., Y.C.K.K., T.C.W.), Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New - - 2014
Adenomyosis is a common, non-neoplastic, chronic gynecologic disorder that is detected in 5% to 70% of hysterectomy specimens. It is characterized by the presence of ectopic endometrial glands and stroma within the myometrium, and it occurs mostly in late reproductive age women. Adenomyosis has a propensity to present in the ...
Cunningham Lauren C LC Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Wexner Medical Center, The Ohio State University, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Parathyroid hormone (PTH)-secreting thymomas are an exceedingly rare entity. A PTH-secreting thymoma was discovered in the workup of a patient with primary hyperparathyroidism. A concomitant parathyroid adenoma was removed from the same patient. We present the intriguing clinical course and review the literature on this rare entity. In addition, ...
Layfield Lester J LJ Department of Pathology and Anatomical Sciences, Columbia, - - 2014
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is widely utilized due to its short turnaround time (TAT), diagnostic accuracy, and low cost. Controversy exists as to what role cytotechnologists should play in evaluation of FNAs. Some authorities believe all FNAs should be screened by cytotechnologists while others believe that cytotechnologist review is unnecessary.  Sixty ...
Allison Kimberly H KH Department of Pathology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, - - 2014
A better understanding of the reasons for diagnostic variability may help reduce the phenomenon. In preparation for a study on interpretation of breast specimens (B-Path), a panel of three experienced breast pathologists reviewed 336 cases to develop consensus reference diagnoses. After independent assessment, cases coded as diagnostic discordance were discussed ...
Downes Michelle R MR Department of Pathology, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, M5G 2C4, - - 2014
Prophylactic hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is increasingly being undertaken in patients with Lynch syndrome (LS). The pathological features in such specimens are not well described and, unlike the SEE-FIM protocol for salpingo-oophorectomy specimens in BRCA 1/2 mutation carriers and the gastrectomy grossing protocols for patients with CDH-1 (E-cadherin) mutations, guidelines ...
Renker T T Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Bern, Bern, - - 2014
Immunoglobulin light-chain (AL) amyloidosis is a form of systemic amyloidosis in which the fibrils are derived from monoclonal light chains. We report a case of a 66-year-old woman presenting with nail changes, parchment-like hand changes, progressive alopecia and sicca syndrome. Histopathological studies of biopsy specimens of the scalp, the nail, ...
Itani Malak M Division of Abdominal Imaging, Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, - - 2013
Myelolipoma is an uncommon benign tumor that classically arises in the adrenal glands. Most cases are asymptomatic, with incidental detection of this tumor on cross-sectional imaging performed for other causes. Extra-adrenal occurrence of myelolipoma has been infrequently reported, with scarce radiology literature on the topic. We present radiologic and pathologic ...
Tarrats Luis A LA Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Congenital arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) result from inadequate differentiation of the vascular system during fetal development. This case report describes an AVF of the neck, which possibly manifested as noise interference during a newborn hearing-screening test by otoacoustic emissions (OAEs). This report is in compliance with the institutional review board regulations ...
Sano Kazuo - - 2013
Recent advances in diagnostic tools, such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), have provided clinicians with the opportunity to detect asymptomatic meningiomas. This report describes a case of frontal convexity meningioma detected incidentally at MRI during the preoperative assessment of tongue cancer. To the best of the authors' ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2013
Context.-Previous studies have shown that there are disagreements in interlaboratory consultation, including false-negative and false-positive diagnoses. To date, methods to reduce false-negative and false-positive diagnoses have been poorly documented. Objective.-To identify features associated with false-negative and false-positive diagnoses in anatomic pathology. Design.-We reviewed the results of interlaboratory consultation in our ...
Arce Julian - - 2013
Primary gynecological lymphomas are rare and difficult to diagnose with Pap test. Herein, we report an uncommon case of plasmablastic lymphoma in a 61-year-old female with human immunodeficiency virus that presents with vaginal bleeding. The following case report shows the cytological features on liquid-based Pap test, cell block studies with ...
Wang Xinlu - - 2013
Juvenile polyps are a rare form of gastrointestinal polyps and are generally diagnosed by colonoscopy or barium enema. In this article, we describe the case of a 3-year-old girl with a large juvenile polyp that was diagnosed by abdominal ultrasound. Ultrasound examination is necessary for children who pass dark red ...
Tattoli Lucia L Institute of Legal Medicine, University of Bari, P.zza G. Cesare, 11, 70124 Bari, - - 2014
In forensic sciences, bone marrow (BM) is an alternative matrix in postmortem toxicology because of its good resistance to autolysis and contaminations. Nevertheless, few studies have been focused on postmortem BM morphological changes after pathological stimuli. We examined 73 BM samples from forensic autopsies; causes of death were both natural ...
Jardes Daniel J - - 2013
To describe the clinical presentation and case management of a dog that developed hemolytic anemia and evidence of renal tubular dysfunction after ingestion of a natural hair dye containing Lawsonia inermis (henna). To review cases of henna toxicity reported in the human literature. An 8-year-old female spayed Border Collie was ...
Koch D - - 2013
We describe the diversity of indications for laser hair removal (LHR) therapy and compare our experience with the literature. Patients' case notes referred to the Birmingham Regional Skin Laser Centre between 2003 and 2011 for laser hair removal, with indications other than hirsutism, were reviewed retrospectively. Thirty-one treated patients with ...
Treurniet Kilian M KM Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The - - 2013
To assess the frequency and possible causes of downgrading from a Gleason score (GS) 7 at biopsy to a GS ≤6 at radical prostatectomy (RP) in a Canadian referral centre. Data were extracted from diagnostic reports of inhouse biopsies and matching prostatectomy specimens from 2008 to 2011 with a GS ...
Alkhalidi Hisham Mohammed Said HM Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2013
Panfolliculoma is an exceeding rare follicular benign neoplasm with differentiation toward both upper and lower segments of the hair follicle. In this report, we present a case of cystic panfolliculoma in the occipital region of the scalp of a 19-year-old female. We describe the histopathological and immunohistochemical features of the ...
Malathi Munisamy - - 2013
Hair whorls are a normal characteristic of the human scalp and abnormally placed or absent whorls have been associated with cranial or neurologic abnormalities. We report a case of multiple whorls in a child with normal neurologic development. We also include a brief review of the literature on the development ...
Hatanaka Kazuhito - - 2013
Paratesticular liposarcoma is a rare neoplasm, described in single case studies or components of larger studies, as histologically well-differentiated liposarcoma (WDL) and dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DL). However, leiomyosarcomatous differentiation is an extremely rare occurrence in WDL and DL. We report a case of leiomyosarcomatous differentiation in a 77-year-old man. The patient ...
Ozuguz Pinar - - 2013
Peripilar keratin casts, also called pseudonits or hair casts, are thin, elongated, greyish-white, cylindrical, sleeve-like structures that encircle the hair shaft and can easily be slid along the hair. They may be clinically misdiagnosed as nits. In addition to physical removal, keratolytic lotions or shampoos are helpful. We report an ...
Becker K - - 2013
We thank Dr Bunker for adding another condition playing a role in the pathogenesis of LS. Indeed the "warm, moist, urine-exposed environment" was postulated as predilecting BXO in the observation of Depasquale and al. (1) We refer to this theory in our review of 225 cases of LS in boys. ...
Tanis Wilco - - 2013
For acquired mechanical prosthetic heart valve (PHV) obstruction and suspicion on thrombosis, recently updated European Society of Cardiology guidelines advocate the confirmation of thrombus by transthoracic echocardiography, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), and fluoroscopy. However, no evidence-based diagnostic algorithm is available for correct thrombus detection, although this is clinically important as fibrinolysis ...
James Katherine A - - 2013
To review the published literature investigating the association between cadmium exposure and osteoporosis. A review of published peer-reviewed literature based on a priori criteria was completed. Odds ratios (OR) were abstracted or estimated from observational studies to calculate a pooled OR using inverse variance weighted random effects models. The review ...
Smith Tovia M - - 2013
In light of vaginal mesh safety concerns, we reviewed our institutional experience with analytic processes and pathologic findings of explanted vaginal mesh to identify problems and opportunities to facilitate improved documentation and research. We reviewed gross and microscopic pathology reports and archival slides of explanted mesh specimens from January 2010 ...
Silva Honara Morgana da - - 2013
The present paper reports the occurrence of Microlynchia pusilla in the state of Rio Grande do Norte (RN) on Leptotila verreauxi approximans from a deciduous forest fragment located in the municipality of Macaíba. A specimen of L. v. approximans was collected in June 2012, wrapped in paper towels and kept ...
Sohn Jae-Cheon - - 2013
Abstract This review describes four species of Atteva (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutoidea: Attevidae) from China, including two new species: A. wallengreni n. sp. and A. yanguifella n. sp. The taxonomic identity of the Ailanthus webworm moth from South and Southeast Asia is revised with a designation of neotype for Phalaena (Tinea) fabriciella ...
Henderson Bernardine C - - 2013
Second- and third-degree burns of the toes resulted when a 69-year-old man with Charcot foot and a recent fractured ankle followed the advice of his local podiatrist. The man got his fiberglass cast wet while showering and was told to dry his cast using the low setting on a blow ...
Ventura Francesco - - 2013
We report a fatal case of streptococcal and meningococcal meningitis in a previously healthy 2-year-old child, a simultaneous co-infection of both pathogens that is poorly reported in the reviewed literature. The lack of a clinical diagnosis in addition to the medico-legal aspects arising from possible professional liability for the emergency ...
Doherty Michael H - - 2013
We report the case of a patient presenting with the classic clinical appearance of testicular torsion. Ultrasound showed testicular ischemia supporting the clinical diagnosis, but the lack of visualization of spermatic cord torsion was of concern. An attempt of clinical detorsion was considered unsuccessful and the patient was explored. No ...
Kavitha Rajagopal - - 2013
Forensic entomological specimens collected from human decedents during crime scene investigations in Malaysia in the past 6 years (2005-2010) are reviewed. A total of 80 cases were recorded and 93 specimens were collected. From these specimens, 10 species of cyclorrphagic flies were identified, consisting of Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart) -38 specimens (40.86%), ...
Nahm Michael M Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, Division of Perceptual Studies, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, - - 2013
We have reviewed the medical literature on unusually rapid Canities of body hair to assess whether the reported clinical evidence can be explained with the current hypotheses of pathogenetic mechanisms. We screened the medical literature from 1800 onward, searching for as many case reports as possible. We assessed literature in ...
Ismaili Khalid - - 2013
This review includes an analysis of new developments in the field of renography, the predictive factors suggesting the need for pyeloplasty in cases of pelvi-utereric stenosis detected antenatally and integration of the pelvi-ureteric junction stenosis within the framework of antenatally detected hydronephrosis.
Pierre-Louis Margareth - - 2013
Linear morphea en coup de sabre is a localized form of morphea that presents as paramedian face or frontal scalp depression. The histopathology of alopecia in linear morphea is typically characterized by sclerosis and a reduction in the number of follicular units. We present a 26-year-old Caucasian female with a ...
Jozaghi Yelda - - 2013
Mesenchymal hamartoma of the chest wall is a rare, benign chondro-osseous tumor of the bone. Although it most commonly presents at birth or soon after, prenatal detection is rare. We report a case of prenatally detected mesenchymal hamartoma, and provide the rationale, details, and outcomes of our management. The literature ...
Kohyama K - - 2013
Local tumor compression is the main mechanical cause of posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) palsy. The reported cases of these tumors do not include that of pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS). Here, we report a case of a 53-year-old male with a 9-year history of painless swelling in his left elbow and ...
Obeid Grace - - 2013
Hyperhidrosis has recently been described as a novel adverse effect of laser-assisted hair removal in the axillary area. Inguinal Hyperhidrosis (IH) is a localized and, typically, a primary form of hyperhidrosis affecting the groin area in individuals before age 25. IH has been reported in the literature after traumas and ...
Bakkers Mayienne - - 2013
The diagnosis of small fiber neuropathy (SFN) has been recently defined as typical symptoms due to small nerve fiber dysfunction accompanied by reduced intra-epidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD) or abnormal temperature threshold testing (TTT). Guidelines have been published for the assessment of IENFD. However, international guidelines for TTT are lacking. ...
Pratumvinit Busadee - - 2013
Context.-Each laboratory should have criteria for manual smear review that limit workload without affecting patient care. The International Consensus Group for Hematology Review established guidelines for action after automated blood cell analysis in 2005. Objective.-To compare the consensus group criteria with our laboratory criteria and optimize them for better efficiency. ...
Yaqub S - - 2013
Purple urine bag syndrome (PUBS) is an infrequent condition, seen mostly in elderly female patients, characterized by an intense purple discoloration of contents of urine bag following long-term indwelling urinary catheterization. The purple discoloration is most often due to the presence of indigo and indirubin pigments which are metabolites of ...
Tailor Ameet - - 2013
The histopathologic assessment of a scalp biopsy for alopecia relies largely on the quality of the specimen provided for evaluation. There are a number of different protocols in the literature which have been proposed over the years, but no consensus has yet been reached as to the appropriate number of ...
Loftus Elizabeth F - - 2013
It was in 1988 that a Pan Am flight blew up over Lockerbie, Scotland, killing 270 people. A Libyan named Al-Megrahi was convicted of the crime. His conviction was based in large part on the testimony of a single eyewitness, a shopkeeper who identified him as the person who had ...
Park Jin Young - - 2013
BACKGROUND: One possible pathomechanism of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is shoulder abduction and extension inducing backward motion of the clavicle which causes compression on the brachial plexus. This position occurs during the full-draw stage of archery, by drawing and holding the bowstring. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 28-year-old elite archer presented with ...
Merkus Paul - - 2013
The number of non-neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) indications for auditory brainstem implant (ABI) in the literature is increasing. The objective of this study was to analyze and discuss the indications for ABI. Retrospective chart review and systematic review were conducted at Quaternary referral skull base center and referring centers. Analysis ...
Toner Eric S ES Center for Biosecurity, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA. - - 2013
It has been suggested that the true case-fatality rate of human H5N1 influenza infection is appreciably less than the figure of approximately 60% that is based on official World Health Organization (WHO)-confirmed case reports because asymptomatic cases may have been missed. A number of seroepidemiologic studies have been conducted in ...
Senol Metin - - 2013
Bezoar is defined as the accumulation of undigested foreign bodies or nutrients in the gastrointestinal tract. These foreign bodies can be hair (trichobezoar), fibers or seeds of vegetables and fruits (phytobezoar), or remnants of milk (lactobezoar) and stones (lithobezoar). Lithobezoar, the accumulation of stones in the digestive tract, is commonly ...
Carlson Anders L - - 2013
Incidentally discovered adrenal masses (incidentalomas) are common and present challenges both in diagnosis and management. When incidentally discovered adrenal masses are bilateral, a refined diagnostic approach is warranted since bilateral disease is more likely to be pathologic. We review a case of a 34-year-old man with incidentally discovered bilateral adrenal ...
Sargeant Tanya - - 2013
The medical literature contains only a few reports of rhabdomyolysis occurring in patients with dengue fever. We report the case of a 25-year-old Jamaican man who was admitted to a private hospital four days after the onset of an acute febrile illness with fever, myalgia, and generalized weakness. Dengue fever ...
Pan Huay-Ben - - 2013
Early detection with screening mammography can potentially reduce breast cancer mortality rates. To achieve an efficient screening, a peer review system provides a compensatory double-check reviewing, will hopefully to prevent the omission of detectable lesions and reduce unnecessary recall. In 2009, 4643 initial mammographic screenings reported by 74 screening radiologists ...
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