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Kaniuka-Jakubowska S - - 2012
An increased sensitivity of airport detectors, a growing number of isotopic tests, and globalization of the society have raised a number of false positive radioactive alarms at airports and public places. This paper presents two new cases of patients who triggered airport security alarms after receiving 740MBq of (131)I for ...
Nadershah Mohammed - - 2012
Pilomatrixoma, also known as pilomatricoma, is a benign tumor that originates from the matrix of the hair root. It usually presents as a single, slow-growing subcutaneous or intradermal firm nodule with a general size of less than 3 centimeters (cm) in diameter. However, giant pilomatrixomas (more than 5 cm) have been ...
Dannenbaum Joseph - - 2012
Objective This review article aims to describe the techniques, success rates, advantages and disadvantages of commonly used anterior shoulder reduction maneuvers. Methods: A review of literature was performed and each article was reviewed for the reported success rates, advantages, disadvantages and technical notes for each anterior shoulder reduction technique. Results: ...
Cohen Justin M - - 2012
Considerable declines in malaria have accompanied increased funding for control since the year 2000, but historical failures to maintain gains against the disease underscore the fragility of these successes. Although malaria transmission can be suppressed by effective control measures, in the absence of active intervention malaria will return to an ...
Khan Faisal Rauf FR Department of Urology, Kettering General Hospital, Kettering Northampshire, United - - 2012
Alkaline encrusted cystitis is a chronic inflammatory condition. It is rare now because of appropriate antibiotics. It is a challenging situation with regard to its diagnosis and management. We are presenting an interesting case of alkaline cystitis post transurethral resection of prostate. The management includes careful acidification of urine, curettage ...
Wagner Gunnar - - 2011
Elastolysis mediodermalis is a rare disorder typically observed in middle-aged women. Sites of predilection are the trunk and upper arms. The clinical picture varies and may appear as cigarette paper-like wrinkling, perifollicular protrusions or reticular erythema. In contrast to the different clinical morphology, there is a consistent histology, i. e. ...
Yapp K E - - 2011
Articaine is one of the most recent local anaesthetic drugs made available to dentists worldwide. Anecdotal reports advocate its superiority over other common local anaesthetic agents and controversy exists concerning its clinical safety. This article reviews the current literature on articaine use in dentistry specifically addressing the issues of efficacy ...
Manfredi Maddalena - - 2011
Botulism is a rare neuroparalytic disease caused by a potent neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum. There are different clinical types of botulism. Early diagnosis of the condition is essential for effective treatment. We report a case of food-borne botulism in identical twins characterized by severe initial oral involvement and a ...
Gilbertson Kenneth - - 2011
  We describe six patients who developed orange to red-brown scalp discoloration after application of selenium sulfide-containing shampoos. This phenomenon has been described only once previously. In all of the cases, the discoloration resolved shortly after discontinuing the selenium sulfide. Lightly swabbing with isopropyl alcohol facilitated removal of the discoloration. ...
Khan Ziauddin - - 2011
A case of Acremonium kiliense peritonitis is described. Diagnosis was established by repeated isolation of the fungus from peritoneal dialysate and by its identification on the basis of morphological characteristics and sequencing of internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of ribosomal DNA (rDNA). This report and available literature suggest that A. ...
Athwal R - - 2011
We report a case series of three pregnant patients who presented with inguinal mass that were found to be round ligament varicosities. The diagnosis and management of this rare condition are discussed. A review of the literature is presented.
Ryan S A - - 2011
Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) is a rare neurologic condition characterised by specific clinical and radiologic findings. It usually manifests subacutely as insidious onset of headache, visual disturbance, altered consciousness and seizures in association with MRI findings of posterior white matter vasogenic oedema. RPLS has been reported in a wide ...
Mehta Bijal - - 2011
  We report a rare case of acquired localized cutis laxa in a teenage boy, without any preceding skin lesions. The area affected was the midface, extending to the chin, and involving the ears, leading to a prematurely aged appearance. Only five such cases have been previously published in the ...
Lipworth Wendy L - - 2011
Peer- and editorial review of research submitted to biomedical journals ('manuscript review') is frequently argued to be essential for ensuring scientific quality and the dissemination of important ideas, but there is also broad agreement that manuscript review is often unsuccessful in achieving its goals. Problems with manuscript review are frequently ...
Day Gregory S - - 2011
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDA-R) encephalitis is an immune-mediated syndrome that remains under-recognized despite a growing body of literature. This syndrome has been predominantly described in young females with a constellation of symptoms, including personality changes, autonomic dysfunction and neurologic decompensation. It is commonly associated with mature ovarian teratomas. We describe the ...
Monasterio Erik - - 2011
Objective: The aim of this paper is to review the literature and describe a case of self-cannibalism. Method: A literature review and a case report of self-cannibalism occurring in a 28-year-old male, in the absence of psychosis and drug and alcohol use, is presented. Results: Seven previous case reports of ...
Johnson Claire - - 2011
This article recognizes editorial board members and peer reviewers who completed manuscript reviews for the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics in 2010.
Landesberg Regina - - 2011
Bisphosphonates are used in the treatment of hypercalcemia of malignancy, skeletal complications associated with metastastic bone disease, Paget's disease, and osteoporosis. Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a recently described clinical condition that has been associated with the use of nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates. Reports describing this entity first appeared in the ...
Abu-Ghanem Sara - - 2011
Acute urinary retention (AUR) is unusual in children. We report for the first time a case of recurrent urinary retention due to massive hematocolpos resulting from an imperforate hymen in a 14-year-old girl. In case of AUR in adolescent girls, clinicians should keep in mind that imperforate hymen may be ...
Fett Nicole - - 2011
Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis (MRH) is a rare form of non-Langerhans histiocytosis that presents with erosive arthritis and skin nodules. Approximately 25% of patients with MRH have an associated malignancy. Dermatomyositis is an inflammatory autoimmune condition that has also been associated with malignancy. To date, 7 cases of MRH have been reported ...
López Verónica - - 2011
ebaldism is a rare autosomal dominant skin disorder characterized by a white forelock and depigmented patches of skin, generally located on the forehead, central chest and abdomen, upper arms, and lower extremities. We report a case of a 2-year-old girl with a typical presentation and review the literature concerning this ...
Lee Myeong Soo - - 2011
Qigong has been recommended to improve health and prevent disease but the evidence is inconclusive. The aim of this overview was to critically evaluate all systematic reviews (SRs) of qigong for the treatment of any condition or symptom. Literature searches were carried out in 11 electronic databases for all systematic ...
Darrigran Gustavo - - 2011
Limnoperna fortunei, or golden mussel, has invaded aquatic ecosystems in the Americas following it introduction from Southeast Asia. It is not only an aggressive invasive species, it is also a very effective ecosystem engineer, altering both ecosystem structure and function, and causes great ecological and economic impacts. This paper describes ...
Nash John J - - 2011
Objective. To analyze malpractice litigation trends related to the administration of corticosteroids and the reported complications. Study Design. Retrospective. Setting. Tertiary medical center. Subjects and Methods. The WESTLAW database was reviewed from March 1996 to November 2008. Data were compiled on the demographics of the defendant, plaintiff, expert witness specialty, ...
Fidan Vural - - 2011
Hemotympanum is a rare condition and usually depends on a secondary reason. Therefore, idiopathic hemotympanum is rarely seen in the literature. In this paper, we report a case of this problem.
Wood Neil Hamilton - - 2011
In actinic cheilitis, the current view is that the keratinocytes have undergone transformation forming a field of epithelium with the potential for neoplastic transformation. Clinical features include diffuse and poorly demarcated atrophic, erosive or keratotic plaques that may affect some parts of, or the entire vermilion border. Fair-complexioned people, those ...
Drozdzowska Bogna - - 2011
This review looks at osteonecrosis in the stomatognathic system (mainly the jaws). Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a rare but serious clinical condition. It affects patients treated with bisphosphonates, and also with denosumab, mainly in oncological doses. In osteoporosis, it is a problem of relatively small significance. Article presents ...
McCoy Bláthnaid - - 2011
Limbic encephalitis, first described in the 1960s as a paraneoplastic condition, has emerged as an autoimmune condition, occurring often without evidence of an underlying tumor. Many novel autoantibodies have been identified, and this diagnosis is increasingly being made in the pediatric population. This article reports the case of a 16-year-old ...
Khazzam Michael - - 2010
Acronyms are words formed by taking the first initial or other parts of words from a compound term. They are designed to help communicate ideas efficiently. In the literature pertaining to shoulder surgery, a variety of acronyms have been offered for normal anatomic states, physical examination findings, pathologic conditions, surgical ...
Duhan Nirmala - - 2011
Hidradenoma papilliferum (HP) is a rare, small, benign, cystic, papillary, slow growing tumor occurring in anogenital region of adult women. The authors describe a case of large, rapidly enlarging HP of vulva in a 25-year-old woman and review the literature available on this rare condition.
Sorbara L - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case report is to highlight the clinical characteristics of a recurrent chalazion through the use of digital photography and ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography (UHROCT). CASE REPORT: A single case is presented, along with digital biomicroscopic photographs and UHROCT images. DISCUSSION: A review of the ...
Lim Jeanette L - - 2010
Voiding difficulty and urinary retention is a common phenomenon in the immediate post-partum period. The importance of prompt diagnosis and appropriate management of this condition cannot be over-emphasised as it is the key to ensuring a rapid return to normal bladder function. Despite this, studies revealed a low level of ...
Verma Shyam B - - 2010
The perineal groove is a rare congenital anomaly of the perineum. We present a case of this uncommon condition that had been misinterpreted as irritant dermatitis following treatment for diaper rash. To our knowledge this is the first report of this condition is the dermatology literature.
Bezerra Marcelo Ferraro - - 2010
Chondrolipomas are rare benign mesenchymal tumors characterized by the proliferation of mature adipocytes associated with variable amounts of mature cartilaginous tissue. To our knowledge, only 11 cases of chondrolipoma affecting the oral cavity have been published in the English-language literature (PubMed database), and no cases of this condition up to ...
Margolius David M - - 2010
The adverse effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on the colon have been reported as a wide spectrum of symptoms, signs, and endoscopic findings. Despite the extensive use of NSAIDs, and the potential seriousness of NSAID colopathy, this condition often goes unrecognized or misdiagnosed. We report three cases of NSAID ...
Verfaillie L L Respiratory Division, UZ Brussel, Brussels, Belgium. - - 2010
We report the case of a 57-year-old lady presenting with a Nocardia asiatica infection in Belgium. No predisposing conditions were found except for an underlying asthma. We reviewed the literature and discussed the role of linezolid in the treatment of nocardiosis.
Chung Kong Khi - - 2011
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy related inflammation (CAA-I), previously described under various names, is a treatable encephalopathy usually occurring in older adults. Here, three patients are described with histopathologically confirmed CAA-I, and summarised data from the published literature are presented. CAA-I has a characteristic combination of clinical and radiological features. Definite diagnosis ...
Ding Liren - - 2010
Primary tracheobronchial amyloidosis (TBA) is a rare pulmonary disease. A systematic review was performed on 64 cases of primary TBA in China and progress in the diagnosis and treatment of this disease is discussed. The Chinese biological and medical databases from 1970 to 2010 were searched and 75 cases of ...
Cho-Vega Jeong Hee - - 2010
Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common type of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. The diagnosis of classic MF is based on a combination of clinical presentation, histopathology, and T-cell monoclonality detected by molecular studies. However, the diagnosis can be difficult in cases of early MF because of the subtle nature of ...
Schrader Gabby M - - 2010
We performed a retrospective review of medical records for 574 eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina) that presented to the University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine (UTCVM) wildlife clinic between 1995 and 2007. These cases were reviewed to document and investigate the presenting complaints, as identified by a good ...
LaBuzetta Jamie Nicole - - 2010
This article presents a case report of nonhepatic hyperammonemia, i.e., elevated serum ammonia secondary to a nonhepatic etiology. It then discusses the importance of broadening one's differential diagnosis to include such nonhepatic causes of elevated ammonia levels, and provides a short review of rarer causes of hyperammonemia in the adult ...
Sayama Christina M - - 2010
OBJECT: Brain capillary telangiectasias (BCTs) are small, clinically benign, angiographically occult lesions that are usually incidental findings. Large capillary telangiectasias have not been reported previously as most BCTs are very small. Symptomatic BCTs are also rare, with few reports in the literature. The authors review the clinical manifestations, imaging, and ...
Mounts Jason - - 2010
Hemoglobinopathies are an uncommon cause of cyanosis and low oxygen saturation on pulse oximetry. However, when they do occur, they can present a complex clinical scenario for the emergency physician. We report the index case of a previously undescribed hemoglobinopathy that presented to the pediatric emergency department. The evaluation and ...
Dietrich Jennifer E - - 2010
Limited evidence is available on the diagnosis and management of adenomyosis in adolescents. This review highlights the postulated pathophysiologic mechanisms, the prevalence of the condition among adult women and new reports of adenomyosis or adenomyotic cysts occurring in adolescents. Diagnostic criteria as well as treatment options are discussed. Very few ...
Khurana S - - 2010
Human subcutaneous dirofilariasis is a rare infection caused by filarial worms of the genus Dirofilaria. The parasites are transmitted to man by mosquitoes and the infection is manifested as subcutaneous nodules. Excision of the lesion is both diagnostic and therapeutic. Hereby we report three cases of human subcutaneous dirofilariasis. The ...
Schwerk Nicolaus - - 2011
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a rare pulmonary disorder caused by hypersensitivity to Aspergillus fumigatus. The prevalence is estimated to be about 1-2% in adult patients with asthma and 2-15% in patients with cystic fibrosis. In paediatric patients with asthma, only single case reports on ABPA exist. We report on ...
Young William F - - 2010
Objective: To review the first reported cases of successfully treated pheochromocytoma and primary aldosteronism and to document the diagnostic and therapeutic advances that have occurred since the initial descriptions.Methods: The original case descriptions and the subsequent pertinent literature were reviewed.Results: The successful management of the initial cases of pheochromocytoma in ...
Tollefson Megha M - - 2010
Superficial granulomatous pyoderma is a rare entity thought to be a variant of pyoderma gangrenosum and is often mistaken for classic pyoderma gangrenosum. Superficial granulomatous pyoderma has mainly been described in adults. We describe a case of Superficial granulomatous pyoderma in an 11-year-old girl and present a review of the ...
Riaz Fauzia - - 2011
Onychoheterotopia is an extremely rare condition in which the nail tissue grows outside the classic nail unit of the dorsal fingers and toes. It presents as either small outgrowths of a deviant nail or a complete double fingernail malformation. The histology of the onychoheterotopia matrix is oftentimes very similar to ...
Kakitani Fabio T - - 2010
In addition to the famous sign described by Joseph Babinski, which is also known as Babinski's reflex, there are references in the literature to various other signs described by this famous disciple of J-M Charcot. This article reviews all the neurological signs described by Babinski.
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