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López Verónica - - 2011
ebaldism is a rare autosomal dominant skin disorder characterized by a white forelock and depigmented patches of skin, generally located on the forehead, central chest and abdomen, upper arms, and lower extremities. We report a case of a 2-year-old girl with a typical presentation and review the literature concerning this ...
Lee Myeong Soo - - 2011
Qigong has been recommended to improve health and prevent disease but the evidence is inconclusive. The aim of this overview was to critically evaluate all systematic reviews (SRs) of qigong for the treatment of any condition or symptom. Literature searches were carried out in 11 electronic databases for all systematic ...
Darrigran Gustavo - - 2011
Limnoperna fortunei, or golden mussel, has invaded aquatic ecosystems in the Americas following it introduction from Southeast Asia. It is not only an aggressive invasive species, it is also a very effective ecosystem engineer, altering both ecosystem structure and function, and causes great ecological and economic impacts. This paper describes ...
Nash John J - - 2011
Objective. To analyze malpractice litigation trends related to the administration of corticosteroids and the reported complications. Study Design. Retrospective. Setting. Tertiary medical center. Subjects and Methods. The WESTLAW database was reviewed from March 1996 to November 2008. Data were compiled on the demographics of the defendant, plaintiff, expert witness specialty, ...
Fidan Vural - - 2011
Hemotympanum is a rare condition and usually depends on a secondary reason. Therefore, idiopathic hemotympanum is rarely seen in the literature. In this paper, we report a case of this problem.
Wood Neil Hamilton - - 2011
In actinic cheilitis, the current view is that the keratinocytes have undergone transformation forming a field of epithelium with the potential for neoplastic transformation. Clinical features include diffuse and poorly demarcated atrophic, erosive or keratotic plaques that may affect some parts of, or the entire vermilion border. Fair-complexioned people, those ...
Drozdzowska Bogna - - 2011
This review looks at osteonecrosis in the stomatognathic system (mainly the jaws). Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a rare but serious clinical condition. It affects patients treated with bisphosphonates, and also with denosumab, mainly in oncological doses. In osteoporosis, it is a problem of relatively small significance. Article presents ...
McCoy Bláthnaid - - 2011
Limbic encephalitis, first described in the 1960s as a paraneoplastic condition, has emerged as an autoimmune condition, occurring often without evidence of an underlying tumor. Many novel autoantibodies have been identified, and this diagnosis is increasingly being made in the pediatric population. This article reports the case of a 16-year-old ...
Khazzam Michael - - 2010
Acronyms are words formed by taking the first initial or other parts of words from a compound term. They are designed to help communicate ideas efficiently. In the literature pertaining to shoulder surgery, a variety of acronyms have been offered for normal anatomic states, physical examination findings, pathologic conditions, surgical ...
Duhan Nirmala - - 2011
Hidradenoma papilliferum (HP) is a rare, small, benign, cystic, papillary, slow growing tumor occurring in anogenital region of adult women. The authors describe a case of large, rapidly enlarging HP of vulva in a 25-year-old woman and review the literature available on this rare condition.
Sorbara L - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case report is to highlight the clinical characteristics of a recurrent chalazion through the use of digital photography and ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography (UHROCT). CASE REPORT: A single case is presented, along with digital biomicroscopic photographs and UHROCT images. DISCUSSION: A review of the ...
Lim Jeanette L - - 2010
Voiding difficulty and urinary retention is a common phenomenon in the immediate post-partum period. The importance of prompt diagnosis and appropriate management of this condition cannot be over-emphasised as it is the key to ensuring a rapid return to normal bladder function. Despite this, studies revealed a low level of ...
Verma Shyam B - - 2010
The perineal groove is a rare congenital anomaly of the perineum. We present a case of this uncommon condition that had been misinterpreted as irritant dermatitis following treatment for diaper rash. To our knowledge this is the first report of this condition is the dermatology literature.
Bezerra Marcelo Ferraro - - 2010
Chondrolipomas are rare benign mesenchymal tumors characterized by the proliferation of mature adipocytes associated with variable amounts of mature cartilaginous tissue. To our knowledge, only 11 cases of chondrolipoma affecting the oral cavity have been published in the English-language literature (PubMed database), and no cases of this condition up to ...
Margolius David M - - 2010
The adverse effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on the colon have been reported as a wide spectrum of symptoms, signs, and endoscopic findings. Despite the extensive use of NSAIDs, and the potential seriousness of NSAID colopathy, this condition often goes unrecognized or misdiagnosed. We report three cases of NSAID ...
Verfaillie L L Respiratory Division, UZ Brussel, Brussels, Belgium. - - 2010
We report the case of a 57-year-old lady presenting with a Nocardia asiatica infection in Belgium. No predisposing conditions were found except for an underlying asthma. We reviewed the literature and discussed the role of linezolid in the treatment of nocardiosis.
Chung Kong Khi - - 2011
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy related inflammation (CAA-I), previously described under various names, is a treatable encephalopathy usually occurring in older adults. Here, three patients are described with histopathologically confirmed CAA-I, and summarised data from the published literature are presented. CAA-I has a characteristic combination of clinical and radiological features. Definite diagnosis ...
Ding Liren - - 2010
Primary tracheobronchial amyloidosis (TBA) is a rare pulmonary disease. A systematic review was performed on 64 cases of primary TBA in China and progress in the diagnosis and treatment of this disease is discussed. The Chinese biological and medical databases from 1970 to 2010 were searched and 75 cases of ...
Cho-Vega Jeong Hee - - 2010
Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common type of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. The diagnosis of classic MF is based on a combination of clinical presentation, histopathology, and T-cell monoclonality detected by molecular studies. However, the diagnosis can be difficult in cases of early MF because of the subtle nature of ...
Schrader Gabby M - - 2010
We performed a retrospective review of medical records for 574 eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina) that presented to the University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine (UTCVM) wildlife clinic between 1995 and 2007. These cases were reviewed to document and investigate the presenting complaints, as identified by a good ...
LaBuzetta Jamie Nicole - - 2010
This article presents a case report of nonhepatic hyperammonemia, i.e., elevated serum ammonia secondary to a nonhepatic etiology. It then discusses the importance of broadening one's differential diagnosis to include such nonhepatic causes of elevated ammonia levels, and provides a short review of rarer causes of hyperammonemia in the adult ...
Sayama Christina M - - 2010
OBJECT: Brain capillary telangiectasias (BCTs) are small, clinically benign, angiographically occult lesions that are usually incidental findings. Large capillary telangiectasias have not been reported previously as most BCTs are very small. Symptomatic BCTs are also rare, with few reports in the literature. The authors review the clinical manifestations, imaging, and ...
Mounts Jason - - 2010
Hemoglobinopathies are an uncommon cause of cyanosis and low oxygen saturation on pulse oximetry. However, when they do occur, they can present a complex clinical scenario for the emergency physician. We report the index case of a previously undescribed hemoglobinopathy that presented to the pediatric emergency department. The evaluation and ...
Dietrich Jennifer E - - 2010
Limited evidence is available on the diagnosis and management of adenomyosis in adolescents. This review highlights the postulated pathophysiologic mechanisms, the prevalence of the condition among adult women and new reports of adenomyosis or adenomyotic cysts occurring in adolescents. Diagnostic criteria as well as treatment options are discussed. Very few ...
Khurana S - - 2010
Human subcutaneous dirofilariasis is a rare infection caused by filarial worms of the genus Dirofilaria. The parasites are transmitted to man by mosquitoes and the infection is manifested as subcutaneous nodules. Excision of the lesion is both diagnostic and therapeutic. Hereby we report three cases of human subcutaneous dirofilariasis. The ...
Schwerk Nicolaus - - 2011
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a rare pulmonary disorder caused by hypersensitivity to Aspergillus fumigatus. The prevalence is estimated to be about 1-2% in adult patients with asthma and 2-15% in patients with cystic fibrosis. In paediatric patients with asthma, only single case reports on ABPA exist. We report on ...
Young William F - - 2010
Objective: To review the first reported cases of successfully treated pheochromocytoma and primary aldosteronism and to document the diagnostic and therapeutic advances that have occurred since the initial descriptions.Methods: The original case descriptions and the subsequent pertinent literature were reviewed.Results: The successful management of the initial cases of pheochromocytoma in ...
Tollefson Megha M - - 2010
Superficial granulomatous pyoderma is a rare entity thought to be a variant of pyoderma gangrenosum and is often mistaken for classic pyoderma gangrenosum. Superficial granulomatous pyoderma has mainly been described in adults. We describe a case of Superficial granulomatous pyoderma in an 11-year-old girl and present a review of the ...
Riaz Fauzia - - 2011
Onychoheterotopia is an extremely rare condition in which the nail tissue grows outside the classic nail unit of the dorsal fingers and toes. It presents as either small outgrowths of a deviant nail or a complete double fingernail malformation. The histology of the onychoheterotopia matrix is oftentimes very similar to ...
Kakitani Fabio T - - 2010
In addition to the famous sign described by Joseph Babinski, which is also known as Babinski's reflex, there are references in the literature to various other signs described by this famous disciple of J-M Charcot. This article reviews all the neurological signs described by Babinski.
Sbai Mohamed Ali - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pseudotumoral pigmented villonodular synovitis is rare and diagnosis is difficult. AIM: Report of new case. CASE: We report an original observation of a pseudotumoral pigmented villonodular synovitis occurred in a 28 years old patient with no recurrence after surgical treatment. A review of the literature was made in order ...
Martin Matthew A - - 2010
Pathology training programs typically retain teaching files of classic and unusual diagnostic cases. Since diagnostic criteria and terminology are mutable, we reviewed a surgical pathology teaching archive to determine if the materials continued to be acceptable for educational purposes. Each case (from 2001-2003) consisted of 1 to 3 slides and ...
Schirmer Clemens M - - 2010
Pneumocephalus is commonly encountered after neurosurgical procedures but can also be caused by craniofacial trauma and tumors of the skull base and rarely, can occur spontaneously. Contributing factors for the development of pneumocephalus include head position, duration of surgery, nitrous oxide (N(2)O) anesthesia, hydrocephalus, intraoperative osmotherapy, hyperventilation, spinal anesthesia, barotauma, ...
Lee In Kyu - - 2010
Although right colonic diverticultis (RCD) has been reported to be a rare disease in Western countries, RCD is a common diagnosis, with an incidence per 2.9-17 case of appendicitis, in Korea. Many Western studies have reported that it is difficult to differentiate the presenting symptoms of RCD from those of ...
Nicholson J A - - 2010
Mesenteric panniculitis (also known as mesenteric manifestation of Weber-Christian disease, isolated lipodystrophy and mesenteric lipogranuloma), a benign inflammatory or fibrotic change in the mesentery of the bowel, is a rare diagnosis, particularly in the UK. Some 213 cases have been reported in the world-wide literature, just six from the UK. ...
Capelli M - - 2010
The first case reported in the literature of a rare disease called necrotizing scialometaplasia (NS), dates back to 1973 when Abrams et al. described the main histological features of this disease. In this article we describe the rare clinical case of a young woman came to our observation for a ...
Bielawska Hanna - - 2010
Impaction of a kidney stone in the male urethra is a rare sequela of an otherwise common disease process. Case reports of urethral stones in the recent literature are scarce. We report a case of a 48 year old man who presented with an impacted urethral stone as a complication ...
Corella Fernando - - 2010
Subluxation of the radial head is a common injury in young children. It occurs after longitudinal traction on the extended arm with the forearm in pronation. Diagnosis is made from history and clinical presentation. Closed reduction achieved by supination and flexion or by hyperpronating the affected arm can usually restore ...
Odongo-Aginya E I - - 2010
Schistosoma S. mansoni was observed and reported in Uganda in 1902. Schistosoma S. mansoni is widely distributed in Uganda along permanent water bodies. To review the literature on previous techniques and conventional ones used for the assessment and comparison of morbidity due to schistosomiasis in Uganda. Retrospective study. Gulu University, ...
Shenin Max - - 2010
Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage is a serious complication that has been described in various disease states including several vasculitic syndromes as well as conditions that may resemble vasculitis clinically. In this article, we present a case of 79-year-old man, who was admitted with productive cough, blood-tinged sputum, and a positive atypical ...
Stafford Meghan - - 2010
Ovarian vein thrombosis is a condition most commonly identified in the puerperium and in association with malignancy, pelvic infections, surgery and thrombophilia. We report a case of idiopathic ovarian vein thrombosis and therefore highlight the importance of considering the diagnosis in women presenting with lower abdominal pain, in whom more ...
Huh WookKang - - 2010
Annular lichenoid dermatosis of youth is a recently described skin disease with particular clinicopathological features. It has been so far described in 35 patients, all of whom (but one) were white. We report here the first case of annular lichenoid dermatosis of youth in a Japanese patient, who is the ...
Umashankar T - - 2010
Endometrial osseous metaplasia is an uncommon clinical entity with the presence of bone in the endometrium. Most of the cases clinically present with secondary infertility following an abortion. Various theories have been proposed and the most accepted theory is metaplasia of the stromal cells into osteoblastic cells that produce the ...
Darge Kassa - - 2010
Voiding urosonography (VUS) entails the intravesical administration of US contrast agent (USCA) for the diagnosis of vesicoureteric reflux (VUR). VUS is now recognized as a practical, safe, radiation-free modality with comparable or higher sensitivity than direct radionuclide cystography (DRNC) and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), respectively. An extensive review of the literature ...
Krogias Christos - - 2011
We present 3 cases of uncommon neuro-vascular constraints in which ultrasound perfusion imaging (UPI) and pw-MRI displayed according pathological findings. The results are discussed in the light of a recapitulatory review of the literature and underline the diagnostic potential of the method and the necessity of an expanded multicentre evaluation. ...
Han Xiang Y - - 2010
Lymphocytosis in response to viral infection, such as infectious mononucleosis, rarely exceeds 20 x 10(9)/L in the adult population. Transfusion-acquired cytomegalovirus (CMV) mononucleosis after trauma-related splenectomy may cause prominent lymphocytosis, but the history and timing usually hint at the diagnosis. We describe a case of severe CMV mononucleosis that was ...
Mullally William J - - 2010
We report a case of secondary hypnic headache in a patient with a haemangioblastoma of the cerebellum. The number of secondary cases is steadily increasing in the medical literature and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain should be considered mandatory after arriving at a presumptive diagnosis.
Lo Oswens Siu-Hung - - 2010
We report three cases of ileocolic mucormycosis in adult immunocompromised patients presenting as acute abdomen. All patients underwent laparotomy but two of them died from multiorgan failure before the diagnoses were confirmed. The diagnosis of gastrointestinal mucormycosis is rarely suspected, and antemortem diagnosis is made in only 25%-50% of cases. ...
Paes John E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Acute suppurative thyroiditis (AST) resulting from a bacterial infection is an infrequent but potentially life-threatening endocrine emergency. Traditional management of this disease has been surgery in conjunction with targeted antibiotic therapy. Recent nonrandomized reports of small series have demonstrated good outcomes using less invasive approaches. No randomized clinical trials ...
Mainardi F - - 2010
Among the primary headaches, cluster headache (CH) presents very particular features allowing a relatively easy diagnosis based on criteria listed in Chapter 3 of the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-II). However, as in all primary headaches, possible underlying causal conditions must be excluded to rule out a secondary cluster-like ...
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