Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 570
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Irani B S - - 1992
Four case reports of relapsing polychondritis, (RP), are presented, together with a literature review and management suggestions. There are approximately 211 reported cases in world literature making RP an uncommon condition associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. The key to the management of RP is based on accurate and ...
Ginzburg E - - 1992
Lingual infarction, although a very rare entity has been reported in 16 cases since 1961. The goal of this article is to alert the physician to the symptoms of tongue claudication to prevent the morbid effects of tongue infarction and blindness due to cranial arteritis. A discussion of the disease ...
Cespedes R D - - 1992
Brucellosis is an endemic disease in many of the countries in which military personnel are stationed, including the Middle East, where thousands are deployed. The signs and symptoms of brucellosis are often nonspecific and diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion. This case report involves a Turkish national with an ...
Klink B K - - 1992
Traumatic bilateral renal artery thrombosis is a rare injury. We found 15 cases previously reported. An additional case report of a 54-year-old man is presented with a review of the literature. The diagnosis was made by computed tomography and confirmed by angiography. Successful revascularization was performed. A high index of ...
Helm T N - - 1992
A case of relapsing polychondritis with perichondrial IgG and C3, dermoepidermal IgG, and a coexisting pseudocyst of the auricle is reported. The use of direct immunofluorescence testing in establishing a diagnosis of relapsing polychondritis and the expected findings are reviewed. In some cases direct immunofluorescence may allow a diagnosis of ...
Herring K M - - 1992
This case reviews a myositis ossificans of traumatic origin discovered beneath the fifth metatarsal in an adult male. Details of its anatomic appearance are illustrated with the assistance of plane film roentgenography and magnetic resonance imaging. Histologic sections are included to support the diagnosis and present characteristic cellular patterns. A ...
van Bommel E F - - 1991
Twelve patients with retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) over a 10-yr period (1980-1990) are reviewed. The clinical manifestations, radiographic findings as well as treatment and follow-up are discussed and a review of the literature is presented. Nowadays the diagnosis can be established with near-certainty by means of computed tomographic scan (CT). In ...
Phelan S T - - 1991
Transverse fractures of the sacrum with neurological complications have been studied in four patients illustrating the following features: diagnosis is often delayed, there are radiological difficulties in making the diagnosis, and the indications for surgery are not well defined. Specific radiographic views are recommended. All the cases presented in this ...
Bhatnagar R - - 1991
The authors describe two children who presented with atypical posterior uveitis and who were subsequently diagnosed as having diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma. A review of these two cases and 26 previously published cases was performed to assess the epidemiology, presenting signs, and usefulness of diagnostic tests. In contrast to typical retinoblastoma, ...
Brooks L R - - 1991
Three experiments are reported showing that diagnosis of skin disorders by medical residents and general practitioners was facilitated by similar cases previously seen in the same context. Diagnosis of similar cases was facilitated more than that of dissimilar cases in the same diagnostic category, demonstrating that facilitation was not solely ...
Wortman P D - - 1991
A case of subcutaneous cysticercosis is presented, and 35 other cases from the literature are reviewed. Patients usually have multiple subcutaneous nodules that are firm, mobile, and sometimes painful, occurring mainly on the trunk and extremities. Diagnosis is made by biopsy; however, radiologic and immunologic studies can be helpful in ...
Steffen R M - - 1991
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is an inflammatory disease of unknown etiology characterized by infiltration of the gastrointestinal tract with eosinophilic leukocytes, accompanied by varying abdominal symptoms and usually by peripheral blood eosinophilia. We report our experience with six pediatric cases presenting to the Cleveland Clinic Foundation over the past eight years. Unusual ...
McCaughey W T - - 1991
The experience of the US/Canadian Mesothelioma Panel with its first 200 cases is reviewed. The light microscopic diagnosis, histochemical findings, immunohistochemical findings, and electron microscopic features of malignant mesotheliomas are reviewed in the context of differential diagnosis. Reasons for referral of case material to the panel and lessons from follow-up ...
Palladino S J - - 1991
The cubonavicular coalition is a rare form of tarsal coalition that probably accounts for less than 1% of all coalitions. The authors present a new case of cubonavicular coalition as well as the findings of the 17 previously published accounts. Etiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of the condition are ...
Schou J - - 1991
Due to the complex innervation of the lower urinary tract, many neurological diseases will lead to disturbances in the function of the lower urinary tract. The usual urodynamic procedures leave a group of patients where definitive diagnosis is impossible. Fifty-three patients were evaluated with evoked potentials of the bulbocavernosus reflex ...
Van Linthoudt D - - 1991
The radial tubercle is rarely the site of enthesopathy. When it occurs, symptoms and radiological images are usually typical enough for unequivocal diagnosis. We report the case of a man with atypical pain and X-rays modifications of the radial tubercle. Correct diagnosis was established by histological analysis. Better knowledge of ...
Schober R - - 1991
Gliomatosis cerebri is rarely encountered and its intra vitam diagnosis has remained difficult. We present biopsy and autopsy findings in three cases that are representative of diffuse glioma, gliomatosis cerebri and diffuse glioblastosis, a modification of the subclassification proposed by Zülch31. Stereotactic biopsy in conjunction with nuclear magnetic resonance tomography ...
Wetzel R - - 1991
A combination of costo-sterno-clavicular hyperostosis and palmo-plantar pustulosis, sometimes with hyperostotic spondylosis and spondylarthritis, is called pustular osteoarthropathy. In the Western hemisphere 40 cases have been reported and in the Far East the condition occurs more commonly. Five cases are described. Diagnosis is difficult because the skin lesions can occur ...
Scally C M - - 1990
Cystic hygroma is considered a disease of childhood. It may appear for the first time in adult life but recurrence by that stage is rare and may present difficulties in diagnosis due to previous treatment. The authors present a case where early pharmacological intervention may have prevented a potentially life ...
Pender E S - - 1990
Two cases of cough-variant asthma are presented, one in an adult and one in a child. We discuss the diagnosis, treatment, and course of this common, yet often unrecognized entity. The keys to diagnosis are a typical history, clinical suspicion, and subsequent response to bronchodilator therapy. Treatment of cough-variant asthma ...
Adkisson G H - - 1990
Inner ear barotrauma with rupture of the round or oval window secondary to diving and decompression sickness (DCS) of the inner ear can be a difficult diagnosis to differentiate. The dive profile or associated elements of DCS will often confirm the diagnosis. Occasionally, diagnosis is made during recompression or during ...
Bramble J M - - 1990
A computer algorithm for information retrieval from an electronic teaching file has been developed. This index enables the user to retrieve cases from a teaching file, based on the input of a combination of features. The algorithm is based on nearest neighbor analysis, and is programmed in the "C" language. ...
Aitchison J M JM Department of General Surgery, University of Natal and King Edward VIII Hospital, - - 1990
Bites by boomslang are uncommon and usually occur in adult snake handlers who are aware of the potentially fatal consequences, i.e. disseminated intravascular coagulation with delayed onset of spontaneous haemorrhage. Accidental bites in children are rare. Aids to diagnosis include the description of the bite, identification of the snake, and ...
Scialdone A M - - 1990
A 52-year-old woman developed subjective right hemiparesthesias over a two-day period. Because of a paucity of physical findings, apparent anxiety with tachypnea, and a respiratory alkalosis with hypocapnia, a diagnosis of hyperventilation syndrome was considered. However, because of the unilateral symptoms, a computed tomography scan was performed, demonstrating a left ...
Franco V - - 1990
A xanthogranulomatous salpingitis, occurring in a fifty-two year old patient and appearing itself as a hydrosalpinx, is reported. The histological picture was characterized by the presence of several foamy histiocytes admixed with other inflammatory cells. Considerations about epidemiology, etiopathogenetic mechanisms and problems of differential diagnosis with other diseases are discussed.
McCloskey D W - - 1990
Delicate lymph nodal tissue must be processed accurately and evaluated for proper patient management. In more than 125 cases at Methodist Hospital of Indiana, we devised a procedure that has allowed accurate diagnosis in 98% of cases. The pathologist's approach and the variety of studies necessary to confirm the diagnosis ...
Lawson K S - - 1990
Septic bursitis of the foot is a disorder infrequently reported in the medical literature. This infrequent reporting may represent a true low incidence of occurrence or may be a reflection of failure to recognize and diagnose this condition. This paper retrospectively reviews the presentation, clinical course, and outcome of patients ...
Bailey R N - - 1990
Lumps and bumps have been seen on the ocular surface or adnexa of many of our patients. Most of these are readily identified; however, we may occasionally see an unusual "growth" and wonder about its pathological significance. The topic of epithelial neoplastic growths with special emphasis on the subclass of ...
Ljung R - - 1990
With a view to the characterisation of presenting symptoms, a survey was made of 140 boys diagnosed as having haemophilia A or B, severe or moderate form, in Sweden during the years 1960-1987. Mean age at diagnosis was nine months for the severe cases and 22 months for the moderate ...
Newlands G G Department of Entomology, University of - - 1990
A simple key that will enable the clinician to diagnose the culprit species in cases of spider bite in Africa south of the equator in the absence of the culprit is presented. Species of four spider genera are responsible for virtually all the cases of araneism requiring medical attention, viz. ...
Abdelwahab I F - - 1990
A case of OCC in a 35-year-old woman is presented. Proof was obtained by open biopsy. This rare entity is benign and its etiology is still obscure. No definite association with osteitis pubis or osteitis condensans ilii has been reported. The involvement of the clavicle is invariably unilateral. The clinical ...
Timpka T - - 1990
Patient data, diagnosis, work-up measures, and prescriptions were collected from 63 consultations by general practitioners (GPs) to study day-to-day management of women with complaints suggestive of genitourinary (GU) infections. The collected patient data were thereafter presented to a panel of 9 specialist physicians for their individual recommendations. On drug prescriptions, ...
Brandes J C - - 1989
Lymphocytic hypophysitis has reported in 22 cases, all but one in women. More than 80% of the cases in women occurred during pregnancy or in the postpartum period. We describe a girl with partial hypopituitarism secondary to lymphocytic hypophysitis who, five years after the diagnosis, successfully delivered a healthy infant ...
Hoyt R E - - 1989
Their proximity to Eastern Virginia's abundant waterways has given the authors experience in managing the destructive tenosynovitis and deep tissue infections caused by M marinum. They present nine cases, discuss diagnosis and treatment, review the literature, and urge urban physicians to be on the alert for the disease in patients ...
Bankowitz R A - - 1989
Quick Medical Reference (QMR) is a microcomputer-based decision support system designed to provide diagnostic assistance in the field of internal medicine. In addition to providing plausible diagnostic hypotheses based upon patient specific findings, the program highlights history, physical and laboratory items which are potentially useful in discriminating among the diagnoses ...
Baer S - - 1989
We report a typical case of cystic hygroma presenting in an elderly female patient. A review of the literature on this condition reveals that although rare in adults, it should form part of the differential diagnosis of a cystic swelling in the neck in this group of patients as well ...
Cunningham D L - - 1989
We present a case of ecthyma gangrenosum involving the penis in an IV drug abuser probably resulting from direct arterial septic embolization from a femoral injection site. An increased awareness of this condition is essential because misdiagnosis has been reported in up to 100 percent of cases. Prompt diagnosis is ...
Narayanan M N - - 1989
We report a case of systemic mastocytosis (SM) presenting as ascites and portal hypertension. The haematological picture at presentation was suggestive of chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia. Initial difficulties in making a diagnosis of SM were encountered as the cutaneous signs were atypical. The correct diagnosis was established only after tissue sections ...
Ramanathan M - - 1989
Adult Still's disease is now a well recognised distinct clinical entity. Two cases of the disorder are presented to illustrate the protean nature of the syndrome. The literature is reviewed with regards to the diagnosis, management and complications of the condition. The need for the physician to be aware of ...
Parker M D - - 1989
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a rare inflammatory process of the kidney that results in focal or diffuse renal enlargement and nonexcretion. In the past, XGP often has been misdiagnosed as renal carcinoma. Newer investigative modalities and an increased awareness of XGP should make preoperative diagnosis possible. Thirty-two cases of XGP ...
Fisman M - - 1988
Two cases are presented to illustrate some of the issues that arise in the management of patients diagnosed as suffering from the dementia syndrome of depression (Pseudodementia). Case 1 illustrates the dilemma of relatively normal autopsy findings in the brain in a patient presenting with a history of depression and ...
Stephens D A - - 1988
Pericardial fat necrosis has a highly characteristic clinical picture that enables a preoperative diagnosis to be made on clinical grounds. Surgical therapy, which remains the treatment of choice for this curable entity, confirms the diagnosis. This report reviews the literature and adds a thirteenth documented case to the previously reported ...
Tyler R D - - 1987
Normal reference ranges and pertinent background information on equine hematology are presented and briefly discussed. Diagnostic interpretation of hematologic data is discussed and three diagnostic algorithms and two diagnostic tables are provided to facilitate the use of the presented information for diagnosis. Two cases are presented and the information presented ...
Gayet C - - 1987
Twelve cases of traumatic tricuspid insufficiency (only three of which already have been published), collected in the same city, are reported. This figure strongly contrasts with the limited number of cases published to date in the literature. Emphasis is placed on the difficulty of diagnosis, the utility of echocardiography and ...
Spanu G - - 1987
Twenty-eight cases of extreme lateral and foraminal disc herniation diagnosed by CT are reported. All cases have been surgically verified. In four cases (14%) CT diagnosis failed. The clinical pattern in these cases was not very different from that of typical disc herniation. The reliability of clinical diagnosis is 71%. ...
Wilson-Storey D - - 1987
As a result of a traumatic delivery a newborn male child developed thoracic and intra-abdominal problems. Haemoperitoneum and chylous ascites were diagnosed; from a scrotal enlargement secondary to bilateral patent processus vaginalis and a chylothorax became apparent during investigation of the scrotal swellings. We discuss the presentation, diagnosis and management ...
Claes H - - 1987
The authors reviewed 20 cases of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. An accurate preoperative diagnosis of this disease is difficult because of its clinical and radiologic similarities to various other renal lesions. A resistant urinary tract infection in a patient with a nonfunctioning kidney and a perinephric abscess should lead to the condition ...
Lifschitz O - - 1987
The presenting features, diagnosis and management of biliary ascariasis in an adult woman are described and the literature is reviewed.
Hamilton S - - 1987
Primary non-obstructive megaureter is rarely first diagnosed in adult life. The clinical and radiographic findings in 11 adults presenting with this condition are reviewed. The commonest complaint was pain. In all cases the diagnosis was suggested by intravenous urography, which was usually the initial diagnostic test. Confirmation was aided chiefly ...
Yoder E L - - 1987
A 54-year-old man presented with gangrenous myositis caused by Streptococcus pyogenes. A review of the literature disclosed 10 similar cases. Their presenting manifestations were spontaneously occurring, localized, excruciating pain; mottling suggestive of ischemic changes; and signs of sepsis. The duration of illness ranged from two to six days, and the ...
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