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Stumbrys Tadas - - 2012
In lucid dreams the dreamer is aware of dreaming and often able to influence the ongoing dream content. Lucid dreaming is a learnable skill and a variety of techniques is suggested for lucid dreaming induction. This systematic review evaluated the evidence for the effectiveness of induction techniques. A comprehensive literature ...
Hui David D Department of Palliative Care and Rehabilitation Medicine, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2012
The reporting of funding support and conflict of interest has not been examined in the supportive/palliative oncology literature. We examined the frequency of funding and conflict of interest reporting and various study characteristics associated with such reporting. We systematically searched MEDLINE PubMed, PsycInfo, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, and CINAHL ...
Vere Joe - - 2012
Purpose: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the methodologic and statistical quality of prospective case series of treatment interventions of dental implant surgery and prosthodontics published between 2004 and 2008. Materials and Methods: Prospective case series were identified following detailed searches of the Medline, EMBASE, and CINAHL ...
Vartzopoulos Ioannis - - 2012
The broadening scope of psychoanalysis has brought to the fore patients whose unconscious conflicts tend to be literally played out on the stage of the body. In these cases, the body seems to be predominantly used in a concrete, not symbolic, way in order to express underlying conflicts. In a ...
Dunne Jonathan A - - 2012
Background: In the era of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) screening, pharmacotherapies to attenuate AAA growth are sought. HMG Co-A reductase inhibitors (statins) have pleiotropic actions independent of their lipid lowering effects and have been suggested as potential treatment for small AAAs. We systematically review the clinical evidence for this effect. ...
Hsu Jason E - - 2012
The objective of our study was to determine if authors with conflicts of interest are less likely to report negative study outcomes in metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty. We performed a systematic review of 3 major orthopedic journals for articles related to metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty over 12 years. A total ...
Bruinsma Sophie M - - 2012
CONTEXT: Guidelines about palliative sedation typically include recommendations to protect the well-being of relatives. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to systematically review evidence on the experiences of relatives with the practice of palliative sedation. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and CINAHL were searched for empirical studies ...
Brugha Traolach S - - 2012
Relatively little is known of the use of systematic review and synthesis methods of non-randomised psychiatric epidemiological studies, which play a vital role in aetiological research, planning and policy-making. To evaluate reviews of psychiatric epidemiological studies of functional mental disorders that employed synthesis methods such as systematic review or meta-analysis, ...
Dang J - - 2012
Background  In the absence of a clear biomarker for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), clinical criteria are used. In this study, we conduct a systematic review to examine the validation and utilization of IBS criteria. Methods  A systematic review was performed in two stages. The first was a review of literature ...
Rudnicka Alicja R - - 2012
Citation information: Rudnicka AR & Owen CG. An introduction to systematic reviews and meta-analyses in health care. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2012, 32, 174-183. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.2012.00901.x ABSTRACT: Important issues in medical research are often examined in a number of studies, sometimes using different study designs. Data from such studies are often ...
Dagnew Alemnew F - - 2012
BackgroundGroup B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of neonatal sepsis in developed countries. Its burden in the developing world is less clear.MethodsStudies reporting neonatal GBS disease incidence from developing countries were identified from five literature databases. Studies were assessed with respect to case finding and culture methods.ResultsOnly twenty studies ...
Wlodzimirow K A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Acute liver failure (ALF) is a clinical syndrome with very high mortality estimates ranging between 60% and 80%. AIM: To investigate the explicitness and extent of variability in the used ALF definitions in the ALF prognostic literature. METHODS: All studies that pertain to the prognosis of patients with ALF ...
Kotowski M - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The best management of unruptured aneurysms remains controversial. Accurate estimates of treatment-related morbidity and efficacy are needed for clinical decision making. METHODS: We review recent systematic reviews, case series and population-based studies on clipping and coiling of unruptured aneurysms. A critical analysis of the quality of available ...
Gates Simon S Warwick Clinical Trials Unit, Division of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, The University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK. - - 2012
The LUCAS mechanical chest compression device may be better than manual chest compression during resuscitation attempts after cardiac arrest. To summarise the evidence about the effectiveness of LUCAS. Searches of 4 electronic databases, reference lists of included studies, review articles, clinical guidelines, and the manufacturer's web site. No language restrictions ...
Harvie Heidi S - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate variability among local institutional review boards (IRBs) in the review process of standardized multicenter urogynecologic studies with common protocols. METHODS: Descriptive study of the IRB review and approval process for common urogynecologic protocols of 4 minimal-risk multicenter studies conducted within the Fellow's Pelvic Research Network (FPRN), including ...
Rockers Peter C PC Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2012
At present, there exists no widely agreed upon set of study-design selection criteria for systematic reviews of health systems research, except for those proposed by the Cochrane Collaboration's Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) review group (which comprises randomized controlled trials, controlled clinical trials, controlled before-after studies, and interrupted ...
Browning William D - - 2012
The literature on posts is dominated by nonclinical studies and practice-based, nonrandomized clinical trials. The number of teeth studied in these trials is often, on its face, impressive. Less evident is the quality of the evidence provided. The present review seeks to investigate the strengths and weaknesses of several of ...
Allareddy Veerasathpurush - - 2012
Objective: The scientific community views meta-analyses and systematic reviews, in addition to well-designed randomized controlled clinical trials, as the highest echelon in the continuum of hierarchy of evidence. The objective of this study was to examine the association between different study designs and citation counts of articles published in the ...
Bakari Abubakar Alhaji - - 2012
Distal ureteric stricture is a common complication of urinary schistosomiasis which is a disease more prevalent in the tropics and subtropics. The surgical management of this complication is more challenging when it affects more than half of both ureters. We report the case of a 17-year-old Nigerian with a long ...
Niven Daniel J - - 2012
Case-control studies are a common and efficient means of studying rare diseases or illnesses with long latency periods. Matching of cases and controls is frequently employed to control the effects of known potential confounding variables. The analysis of matched data requires specific statistical methods. The objective of this study was ...
Tøllefsen Ingvild Maria - - 2012
Reliable suicide statistics are a prerequisite for suicide monitoring and prevention. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of suicide statistics through a systematic review of the international literature. We searched for relevant publications in EMBASE, Ovid Medline, PubMed, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library up to October ...
Desai Bobby - - 2012
Tendon rupture is typically associated with predisposing features including renal failure, hyperparathyroidism, and connective tissue elastosis. We present a case in which none of these risk factors is present and in a completely healthy patient. To our knowledge, this has never been reported in the literature.
Benatiya Marwane Andaloussi - - 2012
Renal oncocytoma is a rare and benign renal tumor. Only few cases have been reported in Moroccan populations. In the present study, we report our experiences in the diagnosis, management and follow-up of this disease. We report on six cases of renal oncocytoma indentified between 1990 and 2008 in the ...
Soon Ing Shian - - 2012
The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis of studies assessing the association between living in an urban environment and the development of the Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC). A systematic literature search of MEDLINE (1950-Oct. 2009) and EMBASE (1980-Oct. 2009) was conducted ...
Loeffelbein Denys J - - 2012
The radial forearm free flap (RFFF) is the most commonly used free flap in head and neck reconstructive surgery. However, despite excellent results with respect to the site of reconstruction, donor site morbidity cannot be neglected. This review summarizes the current state of knowledge and analyzes the level of evidence ...
Mitra Bhaskar - - 2012
Leiomyoma of kidney is an exceptional finding in the urinary tract. Though most of these tumors are detected on autopsy, still it remains a diagnostic challenge. We report three adult cases of renal leiomyoma in our institute who presented with abdominal mass and haematuria in last 8 years. Leiomyoma has ...
Nedjat Sima - - 2012
An article with a clear message can transfer research knowledge better. However, this is the case when the message suits the type of study methodology (research design) and its results. The objective of this study was to assess the presence of message articles and the type of study methodologies. Articles ...
Agresta Blaise - - 2012
Cataracts are a common and significant cause of visual impairment globally. We aimed to evaluate uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) as an outcome in treating astigmatic cataract patients to assist clinicians or ophthalmologists in their decision making process regarding available interventions. Medline, Embase and Evidence Based Reviews were systematically reviewed ...
Fanous Rafik Nabil - - 2012
Adult renal rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare subtype of renal sarcoma. We present a case of a renal mass treated with radical nephrectomy that subsequently was shown to be renal rhabdomyosarcoma. We discuss the clinical presentation, imaging findings, and histology for this case and review the available literature.
Yang Linlin - - 2012
The genus Tinissa Walker is reviewed for China. Seven species are recognized, of which Tinissa apicimaculatasp. n., Tinissa conchatasp. n., Tinissa connatasp. n.,Tinissa leguminellasp. n. and Tinissa spirellasp. n. are described as new; and Tinissa insularia Robinson, 1976 is newly recorded from China. Photographs of the adults and illustrations of ...
McMaster Kelly S - - 2012
A 30 year old, otherwise healthy man presented with flank pain and was ultimately found to have a rightsided renal infarction. Transthoracic echocardiography suggested, and then transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) confirmed, the presence of cor triatriatum sinister. Given the lack of other sources of emboli, this was felt to be the ...
He Jian - - 2011
Paragangliomas are rare tumors arising from paraganglia (or chromaffin bodies) within the ganglia of the sympathetic trunk and the ganglia of the celiac, renal, suprarenal, aortic and hypogastric plexuses. These tumors can be widely distributed from skull base to the bottom of pelvis. Paraganglioma originating from pancreas is extremely rare. ...
Palmiere Cristian - - 2011
As a continuation of "Postmortem Chemistry Update Part I," Part II deals with molecules linked to liver and cardiac functions, alcohol intake and alcohol misuse, myocardial ischemia, inflammation, sepsis, anaphylaxis, and hormonal disturbances. A very important array of new material concerning these situations had appeared in the forensic literature over ...
- - 2011
News, Views and Reviews provides focused updates, topic reviews and editorials concerning the latest developments in dermatologic therapy.
Gulia Ashish - - 2011
Primary bone sarcomas are rarely known to metastasize to lymph nodes. This is attributed to paucity of lymphatic channels in the bone. Even though some bone sarcomas like osteosarcoma are known to have nodal metastasis, such affections have not been reported with primary osseous chondrosarcoma. We describe a case of ...
Nakashima Yuichiro - - 2011
A 22-year-old woman presenting with repetitive hemoptysis was clinically diagnosed based on the fact that her symptoms corresponded with her menstruation cycle. Computed tomography revealed a specifically localized opacity in the right middle lobe of the lung at the time of each episode of hemoptysis. Following a right middle lobectomy, ...
Kanas Robert J - - 2011
This article describes a new nonsurgical orthodontic technique for correcting Class III malocclusions in the adult dentition when orthognathic surgery is not an option. Following a review of the dental literature pertaining to other nonsurgical orthodontic techniques, a nonextraction treatment protocol was established that utilized a mandibular distalizer combined with ...
Shon Wonwoo - - 2011
A significant proportion of angiosarcoma arises in the setting of chronic lymphedema, often following surgery for breast carcinoma (Stewart-Treves syndrome). Massive localized lymphedema (MLL), a relatively recently described and rare pseudotumor most often occurring in morbidly obese patients, is thought to be the result of derangements in lymphatic drainage secondary ...
Treweek Shaun - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To review the reporting of key items of recruitment information in trial reports and estimate the number needed to screen to recruit one additional participant. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of breast cancer trials published in the years 2003-2005, 2007, and 2008. RESULTS: The search identified 1,570 potentially eligible ...
Akbulut Sami S Department of Surgery, Diyarbakir Education and Research Hospital, 21400, Diyarbakir, Turkey. - - 2011
To document unusual findings in appendectomy specimens. The clinicopathological data of 5262 patients who underwent appendectomies for presumed acute appendicitis from January 2006 to October 2010 were reviewed retrospectively. Appendectomies performed as incidental procedures during some other operation were excluded. We focused on 54 patients who had unusual findings in ...
Tsutsumi Satoshi - - 2011
PURPOSE: Pediatric idiopathic intervertebral disk calcification (PIIVDC) is an uncommon entity affecting the intervertebral disks and adjacent vertebral body and musculoligamentous structures. More than 300 cases have been reported so far, but knowledge of PIIVDC is still fragmentary. The purpose of the study was to summarize the demographic and clinical ...
Khoza Star - - 2011
Aim of the review Although there are several case reports in literature linking use of antidepressants and disturbances in glucose control, it is difficult to identify risk factors for serious adverse drug events from individual case reports. The aim of this review is to provide a descriptive analysis of the ...
Thomsen Laurent - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to clarify the definition, classification and treatment of the disorder known as the locked metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint of long fingers, through the analysis of 15 cases and a literature review. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study of 15 patients with locked MCP ...
Akhaddar Ali - - 2011
Object The migration of a lumbar intervertebral disc fragment to the posterior epidural space is a rare complication of lumbar disc herniation (LDH), mostly diagnosed intraoperatively. The authors describe a series of 6 patients with a posterior epidural migration of a lumbar intervertebral disc fragment (PEMLIF) and provide a systematic ...
Killedar Madhura Milind - - 2012
We report a case of retroperitoneal mass, in a postmenopausal lady,about a size 10-8 cm in left side of abdomen. This turned out pathologically lymphangio-myoma. Retrospectively when we searched in literature we found that, commonly lymphangiomyoma seen in premenopausal women and is associated with ascites or renal angiomyolipoma or plural ...
Koppenaal Tjarco - - 2011
The Pragmatic-Explanatory Continuum Indicator Summary (PRECIS) tool was designed to classify randomized clinical trials (RCT) as being more pragmatic or explanatory. We modified the PRECIS tool (called PRECIS-Review tool [PR-tool]) to grade individual trials and systematic reviews of trials. This should help policy makers, clinicians, researchers, and guideline developers to ...
Anthony Shawn G - - 2011
Purpose: To evaluate the impact of a 4-year initiative to develop, implement, monitor, and reinforce a communication of critical test results policy by using continuous-process improvement methods. Materials and Methods: This HIPAA-compliant quality-improvement initiative was performed between February 2006 and January 2010. Institutional review board approval was received with waiver ...
Fadare Oluwole - - 2011
This report describes 2 cases of localized vulvar lymphedema that were diagnosed in 2 morbidly obese women, including a unique case of a massive localized vulvar lymphedema associated with lymphangioma circumscriptum of the vulva. Herein, we also review previously reported cases of vulvar lymphedema and discuss differential diagnostic considerations. Our ...
Hegemann Stefan C A - - 2011
This article presents a detailed case report of a patient who was diagnosed with superior canal dehiscence at 37 years of age, but who had a suspicious history for that syndrome from at least 10 years of age. The authors hypothesize several reasons for this late diagnosis, with the goal ...
Passanise Angela M - - 2011
Solitary osteochondromas are considered to be the most common benign bone tumor. Slow progressive osteochondroma growth is the rule in skeletally immature patients, at times prompting surgical excision. Significant growth of a lesion beyond skeletal maturity is commonly considered to be a harbinger of malignant transformation. Although spontaneous regressions of ...
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