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Rahimi Bilal Ahmad - - 2014
Malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax was long considered to have a low mortality, but recent reports from some geographical areas suggest that severe and complicated vivax malaria may be more common than previously thought. The primary objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to describe the reported clinical characteristics ...
Shakoor Sadia S Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, - - 2014
Paediatric tuberculosis (TB) has long been an evasive entity for public health practitioners striving to control the disease. Owing to difficulty in diagnosis of paediatric TB, incidence estimates based on current case detection fall short of actual rates. The four high-burden countries in South Asia (SA-HBC)-Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh-alone ...
Rehman Khalid K Department of Medicine I, Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Artemisinin derivatives are the mainstay of antimalarial treatment, both for uncomplicated malaria and for severe disease. Artemisinins are known for their rapid onset of action, good tolerability, and safety. However, besides the sporadic but worrying reports of delayed parasite clearance after treatment with artemisinins, there have been an increasing number ...
Ghanchi N K NK Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Aga Khan University , Karachi , Pakistan - - 2014
Abstract Malaria transmission is unstable in Pakistan with the highest number of cases reported during the monsoon season. Despite its high incidence, malaria is still a poorly resourced, poorly funded and an uncontrolled disease especially in far-flung areas. Pakistan's National Malaria Control Program (NMCP), although operational since its inception in ...
Confortini M M Cytopathology Unit, ISPO - Cancer Prevention and Research Institute, Florence, - - 2014
An important internal quality control system used in the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute cytopathology laboratory in Florence is the peer review procedure, based on the review of all abnormal cytological smears which routinely emerge. Peer review is an important training opportunity for all cytologists, especially for those with less ...
Efunkoya Akinwale A AA From the *Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Bayero University; †Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital; Departments of ‡Oral Diagnostic Sciences and §Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Bayero University; and Departments of ‚ą•Public Dental Health and #Child Dental Health, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, - - 2014
Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is a biologic process of new bone formation between the surfaces of bone segments that are gradually separated by incremental traction. It consists of 4 primary phases, namely, corticotomy and device placement, a latency period, active distraction, and consolidation. The objectives of the current study were to ...
Tomaszewska Iwona M IM Department of Medical Education, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, - - 2014
Accurate knowledge of greater palatine foramen (GPF) anatomy is necessary when performing a variety of anaesthesiological, dental or surgical procedures. The first aim of this study was to localize the GPF in relation to multiple anatomical landmarks. The second aim was to perform a systematic review of literature, and to ...
Pinto Hudson Alves HA a Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Parasitologia, Universidade Federal de Minas - - 2014
Abstract Despite the large number of reports of species of Clinostomum in vertebrate hosts in South America, studies evaluating the molluscan transmitters of these parasites are scarce. In the present study, clinostomatoid cercariae emerged from 0.02% (4/17,485) specimens of Biomphalaria spp., collected at the Pampulha reservoir, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, ...
Mosalleum Esraa E Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, NHLS, Tygerberg Hospital Laboratories, Faculty of Dentistry, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa, - - 2014
Sarcomas of the larynx are exceedingly uncommon, of which primary laryngeal osteosarcomas are the rarest. To date, 25 cases of primary laryngeal osteosarcomas have been reported in the literature. Laryngeal osteosarcomas may closely simulate sarcomatoid carcinomas, since both entities share clinical, histological and immunohistochemical features. Herein, we report a case ...
Kwag Seung-Jin SJ Department of Surgery, Gyeongsang National University Postgraduate School of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, - - 2014
A colon lipoma is a remarkably rare tumor. In most cases, the tumors are asymptomatic and small in size, need to be differentiated from malignant tumors, and do not need any special treatment. Selection of the right surgical strategy depends on the status of bowel, as well as the size ...
Putnam Frank W FW Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, OH, USA University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA - - 2014
Historically, clinical case reports have played an essential role in the professional communication of medical and psychiatric knowledge. Case reports continue to play important roles in the initial identification of new syndromes or unusual variants of established conditions. Case reports and case series also serve to alert clinicians to preliminary ...
Wade Lucie - - 2014
Donepezil, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor used in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, has been widely cited in media and bioethics literature on cognitive enhancement (CE) as having the potential to improve the cognitive ability of healthy individuals. In both literatures, this claim has been repeatedly supported by the results of a ...
Shaw-Jackson Chloë C Department of Gynaecology, CHU St-Pierre, Université Libre de Bruxelles, rue Haute 322, Brussels 1000, - - 2014
Is it time to reconsider whether oocytes affected by smooth endoplasmic reticulum aggregates (SERa) should still be destroyed? At the time of writing, the literature shows that 171 apparently healthy babies have been born from SERa+ cycles amongst which 22 were from SERa+ oocytes. The SER dysmorphism has been associated ...
Aboutorabi Atefe A Orthotics and Prosthetics Department, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science , Tehran , Islamic Republic of Iran - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this review was to evaluate and compare the effect of foot orthoses on center of pressure (CoP) displacement in healthy patients and those with flat foot. Method: The search strategy was based on the Population Intervention Comparison Outcome (PICO) method. A search was performed in ...
Molnár Mónika M Faculty of Health, University of Debrecen, - - 2014
From an anthropological point of view, artificial deformation of the cranial shape in newborns is one of the most interesting human customs, which has been recorded in all continents and in different cultures. However, the main goals of this procedure were basically the same everywhere; that is, to distinguish certain ...
- - 2014
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists convened the Task Force on Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy to develop a comprehensive report summarizing a scientific literature on this subject. Clinically, neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) presents in a newborn as a weak or paralyzed upper extremity, with the passive range of ...
Hassani Ali A Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tehran Dental Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, - - 2014
Hemangiomas are benign vascular neoplasms characterized by an abnormal proliferation of blood vessels. Buccal fat pad (BFP) is a rare place for hemangioma. In this report, clinical, radiographic, and histopathological findings are described in a rare case of hemangioma with phleboliths involving the BFP, and a review is made of ...
Rafique Atif A Assistant Consultant Plastic Surgeon, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Polydactyly is a prevalent birth anomaly observed in the foot, and a number of classification systems have been suggested for this condition. Postaxial (fifth or little toe) polydactyly is the most common type. We encountered an exceedingly rare presentation of foot postaxial polydactyly that, to our inspection, had neither been ...
Dehghani Siavash S From the *Department of Neurosurgery, Poursina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences; †Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Taleghani Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences; ‡Neuroscience Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht; and §Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental Research Center, Dental School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Meningiomas are common and mostly benign intracranial tumors, which originate from arachnoid cells of the meninges, and account for approximately 25% of all primary intracranial tumors. Many external etiological factors have been described as etiology of meningioma in the literature, one of which is head trauma. However, trauma as a ...
Lovelace Tiffany L TL Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery and Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze the efficacy of various treatment options for radiation-induced hyposalivation in patients with head and neck cancer. A literature review and meta-analysis was performed on all appropriate literature identified via MEDLINE/PubMed. Fourteen articles were identified that met inclusion criteria for review, and 8 articles qualified for inclusion in the ...
Büki Béla B Department of Otolaryngology, County Hospital Krems, - - 2014
To review new clinical data and theories concerning atypical positional nystagmus in vertical canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Peer reviewed, clinical papers describing nystagmus provoked by positioning in cases with BPPV. Basic scientific articles detailing 3D anatomical reconstructions of the inner ear. In BPPV, it is hypothetically possible that ...
Kotsis Sandra V SV Ann Arbor, Mich. From the Section of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Michigan Health System; and the University of Michigan Medical - - 2014
Institutional review boards have come under fire for being burdened with work, causing delays in the progress of human subject research without improvements in the protection of human subjects. Over the years, there have been increases in the numbers of clinical trials, the use of multisite studies, and the amount ...
Bielefeld Kyle K Department of Pediatric Cardiology, UAMS, Arkansas Children's Hospital, Little Rock, Arkansas, United States of - - 2014
Purulent pericarditis is a rare diagnosis to be made. It is exceedingly rare as a primary infection. We describe the case of an 18-month-old boy who presented with primary purulent pericarditis and developed a secondary endocarditis. Current literature on the subject is reviewed and discussed.
Sonnery-Cottet Bertrand B Centre Orthopédique Santy and hospital Jean Mermoz, Lyon, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Postoperative knee joint chondrolysis is a rare but serious complication. The aim of our study is to report the clinical presentation, the early, mid and long-term outcomes of rapid chondrolysis after a partial lateral meniscectomy in elite athletes. Clinical records of 10 consecutive cases of rapid chondrolysis after partial lateral ...
Kealy David - - 2014
Abstract Pathological narcissism is a form of maladaptive self-regulation that impedes the capacity to love. Although narcissism is often construed as excessive self-love, individuals with pathological narcissism are impaired in being able to love themselves as well as others. With the subject of impaired love in mind, we review selected ...
Meevasana Vorachart V Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Rangsit Campus, Pathum Thani, Thailand E-mail : - - 2014
Background: Time to colposcopy (TC) after abnormal Pap smears was evaluated for influence on cytohistologic correlation (CHC). Materials and Methods: This retrospective study assessed the correlation between TC and CHC of women who had abnormal Pap smears. Colposcopic chart review included participants from 2010- 2013 who attended a colposcopic clinic, ...
Warrier S Aravind SA Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai 600 116, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Increased deposition of cementum is observed in a wide number of both benign and malignant conditions. Many cases are often diagnosed during routine examination as an incidental finding. Diagnosing correctly without confusing it with other similarly appearing lesions, thus avoiding subjecting the patient to unnecessary investigations and stress, is of ...
Guo Qing Q Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Biostatistics Unit, St Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Complete reporting assists readers in confirming the methodological rigor and validity of findings and allows replication. The reporting quality of observational functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies involving clinical participants is unclear. We sought to determine the quality of reporting in observational fMRI studies involving clinical participants. We searched OVID ...
Quesada Andres E AE MD; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX, USA; phone: 281-731-2613 (cell); 713-500-5294 (office); - - 2014
We report a case of a 36-year-old man with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and an enlarging scrotal mass presumed to be of malignant origin but found to be a rare instance of verrucous herpes simplex type 2 infection of the scrotum. We also review the literature on this subject and ...
Cadd Brandon B Department of ENT, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
Choanal atresia (CA) is an obliteration or blockage of the posterior nasal aperture, limiting or obstructing the nasal airway to the nasopharynx. The presentation of unilateral CA commonly occurs at a later age than those children affected by bilateral CA (BCA) and can often persist undiagnosed into adulthood. BCA, on ...
Kundrata Robin R Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Palacky University, 17. listopadu 50, 771 46, Olomouc, Czech Republic; Email: - - 2014
The species of the elaterid soft-bodied tribe Drilini from the Levant are reviewed. All known species are redescribed and Drilus nemethi sp. nov. is described. Drilus adustus (Chevrolat, 1854), comb. nov. and D. akbesianus (Fairmaire, 1895), comb. nov. are transferred from Malacogaster Bassi, 1834 to Drilus Olivier, 1790. Drilus posticus ...
Coleman Michael M Vector Biology Department, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United - - 2014
Significant headway has been made in the global fight against malaria in the past decade and as more countries enter the elimination phase, attention is now focused on identifying effective strategies to shrink the malaria map. Saudi Arabia experienced an outbreak of malaria in 1998, but is now on the ...
Zhang Hong-Wei HW Henan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Zhengzhou, People's Republic of - - 2014
This chapter reviews the patterns of malaria re-emergence and outbreak that occurred in the Huang-Huai Plain of China in 2006, and the way of quick response to curtail the outbreak by mass drug administration and case management. The contribution of the each intervention in quick response is discussed. Particularly due ...
Qian Ying-Jun YJ National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, Ministry of Health; WHO Collaborating Center for Malaria, Schistosomiasis and Filariasis, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
With the shrinking of indigenous malaria cases and endemic areas in the People's Republic of China (P.R. China), imported malaria predominates over all reported cases accounting for more than 90% of the total. On the way to eliminate malaria, prompt detection and rapid response to the imported cases are crucial ...
Hur Kevin K Johns Hopkins Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Baltimore, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to systematically review existing literature on the association between sinusitis and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. We performed a literature search encompassing the last 25 years in PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL. Inclusion criteria included English language papers containing original human data with at least ...
Smith Raymond - - 2013
This systematic review aims to examine the differences and similarities between the various types of volunteer mentoring (befriending, mentoring and peer support) and to identify the benefits for carers and volunteers. Literature searching was performed using 8 electronic databases, gray literature, and reference list searching of relevant systematic reviews. Searches ...
Said Salah Am SA Salah AM Said, Department of Cardiology, Hospital Group Twente, 7555 DL Hengelo, The - - 2013
This is a case series and review of the literature adding 11 new cases. Coronary-cameral fistulas (CCFs) are infrequent anomalies which are in general co-incidentally found during diagnostic coronary angiography (CAG). To delineate the characteristics of congenital and acquired CCFs in adults, we performed a PubMed search for papers dealing ...
Mauzerall D - - 2013
The thermodynamics of photosynthesis has been much discussed, but recent articles have pointed to some confusion on the subject. The aim of this review is to clarify a limited part of this state of affairs.
Kurihara Yasuyuki - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to clarify how peer reviewers affect the relative rate of acceptance of manuscripts submitted to AJR: American Journal of Roentgenology. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Manuscript peer reviews for AJR are evaluated and rated by the journal editors on a scale from 1 (lowest) to ...
Sone Michihiko - - 2013
To review the findings of otitis media in adults in relation to supraesophageal reflux of gastrointestinal contents and summarize current concepts. Literature published in English-language journals from 2001 to the present identified by searching electronic databases (MEDLINE and Web of Science). Clinical articles that contained the terms reflux, ear, otitis ...
Schweizer Tom A - - 2013
Emotional synesthesia is a condition in which specific sensory stimuli are consistently and involuntarily associated with emotional responses.(1) There is a very small number of reports of subjects with these stereotyped emotion-sensation pairings. One report described a subject in whom tactile stimulation from different textures (e.g., denim) elicited affective experiences ...
Chin Eric K - - 2013
Orbital involvement in nonendemic Burkitt lymphoma is rare. The authors report a unique case of a patient who sought treatment for extraocular muscle enlargement without a concurrent orbital mass, which subsequently led to the diagnoses of Burkitt lymphoma and acquired immune deficiency syndrome in an adult patient. The case report ...
Tan Victoria Ping-Yi - - 2013
Incarceration of an endoscope in an inguinal hernia may occur during the course of routine colonoscopy. The incarceration may occur on insertion or withdrawal and frequently the hernia is not suspected prior to the colonoscopy. Most commonly, a left sided inguinal hernia is involved, however right inguinal hernias may be ...
do Rosário José Luís Pimentel JL State University of the Center-West - UNICENTRO, Rua Padre Salvador, 875, CEP 85015-430, Guarapuava, PR, Brazil(1). Electronic address: - - 2014
The study of posture is not an easy task, mainly because postural assessment is still scientifically inaccurate. Photographs of bipedalism in the frontal and sagittal planes are one of the most widely used methods for this assessment. The aim of this literature review was to determine which anatomical markers authors ...
Singh Virendra V Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government Dental College, Pt. B.D., Sharma University of Health Sciences, Haryana, - - 2013
Dislocation of the mandibular condyle is the clinical condition of the condyle head being displaced out of the glenoid fossa but still remaining within the joint capsule. However, the anatomy of the mandibular condyle, glenoid fossa, and zygomatic arch usually prevent the dislocation of intact condyles out of the glenoid ...
Baker Stephen R - - 2013
PURPOSE: To survey the nearly 100 year history of metaphoric sign naming in radiology describing the pace of their overall accumulation in the radiology canon, their specific rates of growth by modality and subspecialty and the characteristics of the referents to which the signs are attached. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A ...
Kyoda Y - - 2013
Background: Clinical diagnosis of pheochromocytoma is difficult for some adrenal tumors. Aim: Herein, we review clinical and pathological findings of 31 cases with radiographically diagnosed pheochromocytoma, including three cases of hemorrhagic pseudocysts (HPC). Materials/Subjects and Methods: Between January 1992 and December 2010, 31 patients with adrenal tumors were preoperatively diagnosed ...
Aslan Deniz - - 2013
Leukopenia is a blood disease in which the number of circulating white blood cells diminishes. All underlying causes of leukopenia are not yet known. The subjects of this study are 15 leukopenic patients who were assessed by a systemic workup, including physical examination, blood tests, and molecular analysis. A common ...
Phadke Chetan P - - 2013
The aims of this study were to systematically identify and summarize the literature examining the impact of physiologic and psychologic triggers on spasticity and discuss the evidence supporting various types of triggers. PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PEDro databases were searched using specific keyword combinations. Only studies using clinical tests or ...
Weledji Elroy P - - 2013
Primary small bowel volvulus is a relatively rare cause of small bowel obstruction but can be fatal. The chief problem is in differentiating it from other causes of obstruction that can be treated conservatively. We report two cases of primary small bowel volvulus in a regional hospital in the south ...
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