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Gross Michael - - 2012
Understanding the physiology of these unique and spectacularly successful algal species could lead to substantial benefits in a wide range of areas from nanotechnology to climate change. Michael Gross reports.
Coudrat Camille N Z - - 2012
The endangered red-shanked douc (Pygathrix nemaeus), endemic to Lao PDR, Vietnam, and perhaps Cambodia, remains little known. The Lao population is highly threatened. To improve conservation prospects of the species there, we here update a status review from 1999. Subsequent literature (mostly not readily available to the outside scientific community) ...
Navajas Maria - - 2012
In the last two decades the subtropical red tomato spider mite, Tetranychus evansi, has expanded its geographical distribution and emerged as a major invasive agricultural pest. The mite is considered to be native to South America. Since its first report from north-eastern Brazil in 1952, it has been reported from ...
Seekins Tom - - 2012
The concept of participation is emerging as a gold-standard of outcome measurement in disability and rehabilitation. We aimed to assess the status of methods to measure this new concept. We conducted a scoping review and a content analysis to assess the literature on participation. We identified 586 articles addressing participation. ...
Cristobal-Azkarate Jurgi - - 2012
We analyzed seven bot fly larvae extracted from six howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata) in Los Tuxtlas, Mexico. The spine distribution and structure of the larvae were consistent with those reported for Cuterebra baeri from Panama. This report sets the northern limit for its distribution in the Americas.
Presswell B - - 2012
On two occasions in November and December 2009, whilst being captured and handled for banding in Tasman Bay, New Zealand, two variable oystercatchers (Haematopus unicolor Forster, 1844) voided a number of cestode strobilae from their cloaca. Their morphology indicates that they belong to the family Hymenolepididae, confirmed by BLASTn searches ...
Dehghani Rouhullah - - 2012
Among Middle Eastern countries, at least 52 species of scorpions, especially dangerous types, have been reported in Iran. This is more than any other country in the region. In addition, in Iran the recorded scorpion stings from 2001 to 2009 were more than 42,500 per year, of which, approximately 19.5 ...
Kimura Masatomo - - 2012
Hyphae are usually the only fungal elements found in tissue of mucormycosis, and other fungal elements are quite rarely encountered. We found chlamydospores in bronchial lumina in autopsied tissue of pulmonary mucormycosis of a diabetic patient. Chlamydospores are thick-walled, asexually produced spores arising from the modification of a hyphal segment. ...
Choi Jung-In - - 2012
A slowly growing, non-chromogenic mycobacterial strain was isolated from sputum and bronchial lavage fluid samples of a patient presenting with productive cough, blood-tinged sputum, low-grade fever, and weakness. A positive acid-fast bacilli sputum smear result prompted the initiation of an anti-tuberculosis regimen. Multiplex real-time PCR showed a negative result for ...
Siddiqui Nauman - - 2012
Gordonia species are aerobic Gram-positive bacilli that rarely cause human infections, often in the setting of indwelling intravascular catheters. We report the first case of osteomyelitis caused by Gordonia bronchialis in a healthy immunocompetent host in the absence of an intravascular catheter.
Fanella Sergio - - 2012
Endemic (nonvenereal) syphilis is relatively common in nonindustrialized regions of the world. We describe a case of local transmission in Canada and review tools available for confirming a diagnosis. Improved molecular tools and global clinical awareness are needed to recognize cases of endemic syphilis imported to areas where it is ...
Hernandez-Prera Juan Carlos - - 2012
Intestinal anisakidosis is a rare nematode infestation caused by the ingestion of larvae-infected raw or undercooked fish. Most cases are incidentally diagnosed during surgery for other reasons. We present such a case of anisakid larvae seen in a patient's sigmoid colon resected for adenocarcinoma, where a subserosal nodule caused by ...
Vicente Santiago Sánchez - - 2012
This article reports the geographical and host distribution of the flea Stenoponia tripectinata on the Canary Islands. S. tripectinata is widely distributed throughout the Mediterranean and North Africa as a parasite of Muridae rodents. To date, Gran Canaria is the only island of the archipelago where S. tripectinata had been ...
Drzyzga Oliver - - 2012
This review about the genus Gordonia provides a current overview of recent research on a young genus that was introduced in the year 1997 ( Stackebrandt et al., 1997 ). This emerging genus has attracted increasing environmental, industrial, biotechnological and medical interest during the last few years, in particular due ...
Kar Jugal Kishore - - 2012
Isolated idiopathic bilateral temporalis muscle hypertrophy is a very rare clinical entity. It can change the facial appearance that manifests itself as a morphopsychological conflict for the subject, which is termed as 'Minotaur syndrome' in the medical literature. Here one such case is reported. The second patient sought medical attention ...
Iwen Peter C PC Department of Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska 68198-5900, USA. - - 2012
Scopulariopsis species and their Microascus teleomorphs are cosmopolitan fungi that are uncommonly associated with invasive disease. This report describes a case of fatal disseminated Scopulariopsis brevicaulis disease in a patient with diffuse large B cell lymphoma who underwent high-dose chemotherapy followed by a matched unrelated donor stem cell transplant. This ...
Nascimento Silvia Mattos - - 2012
The epi-benthic dinoflagellate Ostreopsis cf. ovata Fukuyo has an increasingly global distribution. In Brazil there are reports of O. cf. ovata along the coast from 8°S to 27°S latitude and blooms have been registered on the Rio de Janeiro coastline. In the current study, an O. cf. ovata bloom is ...
Gaspar Jason P - - 2012
During the summers of 2010 and 2011, Aedes japonicus larvae were collected from 2 sites in northeastern Arkansas while collecting mosquito larvae for a study on the presence of gut-inhabiting fungal symbionts. This is the first report of Ae. japonicus in the state of Arkansas. No identifiable specimens of gut-inhabiting ...
Fernández María Del Carmen Marquetti Mdel - - 2012
Aedes albopictus was found in six of the 10 departments of Haiti and in 14 of the 35 communes surveyed. The survey found the larvae of Ae. albopictus in 13 different types of containers. Used tires and tins were by far the most common breeding sites used by this mosquito ...
Subhalaxmi B - - 2012
In recent surveys of black flies in Arunachal Pradesh, North-East India, five species are newly recorded from Arunachal Pradesh: Simulium (Montisimulium) nemorivagum Datta, 1973, Simulium (Gomphostilbia) darjeelingense Datta, 1973, Simulium (Gomphostilbia) decuplum Takaoka & Davies, 1995, Simulium (Simulium) barnesi Takaoka & Suzuki, 1984 and Simulium (Simulium) pradyai Takaoka & Somboon, ...
Bursali Ahmet - - 2012
Ticks are important ectoparasites, causing a variety of serious infectious diseases in humans and domestic animals. There is very limited taxonomic information about the tick species of Turkey in the literature, even though Turkey has very suitable climate and vegetation for ticks. In the current study, species diversity, hosts and ...
Grech Marta - - 2012
The presence of Aedes aegypti is reported beyond its current limit of distribution in Argentina, in the city of Neuquén, Neuquén Province. Ovitraps were placed to collect Ae. aegypti eggs between December 2009 and April 2010. The geographical distribution of Culex eduardoi, Psorophora ciliata and Ps. cingulata is extended with ...
Liu Qiyong - - 2012
The current status of Bartonella studies in mainland China is reviewed including both laboratory and ecological data and limited clinical data. Detection and isolation of Bartonella species from arthropods, pets and small wild animals is commonplace; this includes a variety of known and emerging Bartonella pathogens. In contrast, the medical ...
Sobczak Jf - - 2012
Some parasitoids build a cocoon mass that hangs in the host body until the adults emergence, which is an advantage against attack by predators who troll the vegetation in search of prey. However, such behaviour is not effective against the hyperparasitoid attacks. This study reports the interaction between the caterpillar ...
Boonstra Kirsten - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Studies on the epidemiology of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) show variable outcome. We aimed to systematically review the incidence and prevalence rates, as well as geographical distribution and temporal trends of PSC and PBC. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of literature was performed in ...
Leterrier Marion - - 2012
Trichomonas tenax is a flagellated protozoan commonly found in the human oral cavity but of unusual occurrence in pulmonary infections. We describe a case of a 67-year-old patient with glioblastoma who presented with severe pleurisy in the post-operative period while she was receiving high-dose corticotherapy. Several motile flagellated protozoa were ...
Odolini Silvia - - 2012
Malaria is one of the most widespread infectious diseases of our time, causing 655 000 deaths during 2010 (WHO), most of them in sub-Saharan Africa and under the age of 5. During the last few years an increasing number of imported malaria cases is reported in Europe and Mediterranean countries, ...
Smrkolj S - - 2012
Müllerian papilloma is a rare benign tumor of the female genital tract. It mostly affects girls less than five years old. After the treatment long-term follow-up is needed as there is a chance of recurrence, but even then the prognosis is excellent. Case: A 19-year-old girl with Proteus syndrome presented ...
Webster Reginald P - - 2012
We report 21 new species records for the Coleoptera fauna of New Brunswick, Canada, seven of which are new records for the Maritime provinces. Four species of Mycetophagidae (Litargus didesmus Say, Litargus tetrapilotus LeConte, Mycetophagus punctatus Say, and Mycetophagus quadriguttatus Müller) are newly reported for the province of New Brunswick. ...
Saarela Jeffery M - - 2012
Five species of the grass genus Spartina are invading salt marshes along the Pacific coast of North America, of which three have been documented in British Columbia, Canada, in only the last decade. A taxonomic synopsis of the two native (Spartina gracilis, Spartina pectinata) and five introduced Spartina taxa (Spartina ...
Webster Reginald P - - 2012
We report five new species records for New Brunswick, Canada from the Coleoptera families Dryopidae, Elimidae, Psephenidae, and Ptilodactylidae. Dryops viennensis (Heer) (Dryopidae) and Promoresia elegans (LeConte) (Elmidae) are added to the faunal list for New Brunswick and the Maritime provinces. Two Psephenidae species, Ectopria nervosa (Melsheimer) and Ectopria thoracica ...
Webster Reginald P - - 2012
Two species of Sphindidae, Odontosphindus denticollis LeConteand Sphindus trinifer Casey, are reported for the first time for New Brunswick. Another species, Sphindus near americanus LeConte is reported from the province but may be an undescribed species, pending further study. Five species of Erotylidae are newly recorded for the province, including ...
Mathis Wayne N - - 2012
Species of Canacidaesensu lato of Brazil are reviewed, including the subfamilies Canacinae and Tethininae. Included are seven species in five genera with two species, Nocticanace austra and Nocticanace packhamorum, from southern Brazil being newly described. To facilitate identification, we have included keys and diagnose to taxa at all levels.
Pollock Darren A - - 2012
The Nearctic fauna (north of Mexico) of Eustrophinae is reviewed, and consists of the following five genera and 12 species: Pseudoholostrophus (Pseudoholostrophus) impressicollis (LeConte), Pseudoholostrophus (Holostrophinus) discolor (Horn), Holostrophus bifasciatus (Say), Eustrophus tomentosus Say, Eustrophopsis confinis (LeConte), Eustrophopsis bicolor (Fabricius), Eustrophopsis brunneimarginatus (Dury), Eustrophopsis indistinctus (LeConte), Eustrophopsis arizonensis (Horn), Eustrophopsis ...
Qi Xin - - 2012
The genus Dicrotendipes Kieffer from China, including 8 species, is reviewed. Two new species, Dicrotendipes nudussp. n. and Dicrotendipes saetanumerosussp. n. are described and the male imagines are illustrated; the record of Dicrotendipes fusconotatus (Kieffer) is the first for China. A key to the males of Dicrotendipes in China is ...
Zhang Lili - - 2012
Three species of Michotamia are recorded from China. Of these Michotamia aurata (Fabricius, 1794) was previously reported from Hainan and Taiwan. Michotamia assamensis Joseph & Parui, 1995 is recorded from China and Laos for the first time, and Michotamia yunnanensissp. n., is described and figured. A key to the known ...
Gao Xia - - 2012
The two leafhopper species in the genus Parazyginella Chou & Zhang from China are reviewed and illustrated including one new species, Parazyginella tianisp. n. whichis described. A key to separate males of the two species is provided.
Brunke Adam J - - 2012
The Aleocharinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) of Ontario were reviewed in the context of recently studied material, primarily from insect surveys conducted by the University of Guelph Insect Collection (Ontario, Canada). Aleochara daviesi Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n., Agaricomorpha websteri Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n., Atheta (Microdota) alesi Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. ...
Winterton Shaun L - - 2012
The Australasian spider flies (Diptera: Acroceridae) are reviewed, with all eight currently recognized genera diagnosed and figured. The panopine genus Panops Lamarck, 1804 from Australia and Indonesia is revised with four new species described, increasing the total number of species in the genus to nine: Panops aurumsp. n., Panops danielsisp. ...
Cusumano Antonino - - 2012
Melittobia acasta and Melittobia australica are newly recorded from Sicily, Italy, and the second species is reported in Europe for the first time. A short historical background about Melittobia parasitoid wasps, their hosts, and distribution, with emphasis in those two species is presented together with illustrations to facilitate their identification. ...
Webster Reginald P - - 2012
Dineutus assimilis Kirby and Dineutus discolor Aubé of the Family Gyrinidae are newly reported from New Brunswick, Canada. Four species of Carabidae, Agonum (Agonum) piceolum (LeConte), Bembidion (Pseudoperyphus) rufotinctum Chaudoir, Harpalus (Harpalus) opacipennis (Haldeman), and Pterostichus (Melanius) castor Goulet & Bousquet are newly reported from New Brunswick and the Maritime ...
Garfinkle Elizabeth A R - - 2012
North American members in the genus Radiolucina are reviewed. A lectotype for the type species, Radiolucina amianta, is designated and descriptions and illustrations are provided. A description of a new species, Radiolucina jessicae, from the west coast of Mexico is presented. Key diagnostic species characteristics are outlined and compared among ...
Liu Lu-Xi - - 2012
A review of species of the genus Neopsocopsis Badonnel, 1936 is presented. Four species are redescribed, viz. Neopsocopsis hirticornis (Reuter, 1893), Neopsocopsis quinquedentata (Li & Yang, 1988), Neopsocopsis profunda (Li, 1995), and Neopsocopsis flavida (Li, 1989), as well as the description of one new species, Neopsocopsis convexasp. n. Seven new ...
Bharti Himender - - 2012
Two new species of Tetramorium Mayr, namely Tetramorium shivalikensesp. n. and Tetramorium triangulatumsp. n. are described. Tetramorium triangulatumsp. n. belongs to the inglebyi-species group and is described based on worker, queen and male caste, while Tetramorium shivalikensesp. n. belongs to the ciliatum-species group and is described based on worker caste ...
Price Benjamin W - - 2012
The monotypic South African alderfly genus Leptosialis Esben-Petersen, 1920 is reviewed and Leptosialis africana Esben-Petersen, 1920 is redescribed. In the process a new species of alderfly Leptosialis necopinatasp. n. from the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal provinces of South Africa is recognised and described. Within Sialidae the new species most closely ...
Hannemann A - - 2011
There is an ongoing controversy on the prevalence of primary aldosteronism (PA). We aimed to update a meta-analysis published in 2008, that compiled studies reporting the prevalence of positive ARR screening tests and PA. We therefore reviewed original studies published in 2008 or later to examine whether current reports provide ...
El-Bahnasawy Mamdouh M - - 2011
Malaria still tops the prevalent human arthropod-borne diseases. In Egypt, sporadic cases of human malaria were reported with a focus in Al-Fayoum. Besides, many Egyptian Anopheles species were reported allover which are either malaria vectors or incriminated ones. This study recorded An. multicolor, An. sergentii, and An. algeriensis in Toshka. ...
Anjili Christopher O - - 2011
Visceral and cutaneous leishmaniases are endemic in some parts of Kenya, where they are transmitted by phlebobotomine sandflies of genus Phlebotomus. This review is a compilation of the currently known distribution of phlebotomine sandflies in the parts of Kenya that have been studied, from the time sandflies were first reported ...
Karimi Mohammad Taghi - - 2011
Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is damage to spinal cord, which is categorized according to the extent of functional loss, sensation loss and inability of the subjects to stand and walk. The patients use two transportation systems including orthosis and wheelchair. It was claimed that standing and walking bring some benefits ...
Wu Yang-Chang - - 2011
The structures, names, bioactivities, and references of 81 new secondary metabolites obtained from gorgonian corals belonging to the genus Junceella are described in this review. All compounds mentioned in this review were obtained from sea whip gorgonian corals Junceella fragilis and Junceella juncea, collected from the tropical and subtropical Indo-Pacific ...
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