Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1738
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Kockaert Michael - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In the literature there is a range from 1% to 20 % of duplication (up to 20%) of the great saphenous vein (GSV) reported, because there is a lack of an accurate definition of the GSV and objective parameters for an anatomical identification. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency of ...
Rogers True L - - 2011
This review highlights references where ethylcellulose, methylcellulose and hypromellose were used to make microcapsules. The review has been divided into three parts. This first part discusses various materials used to formulate microcapsules, such as the three encapsulating polymers as well as protective colloids, plasticizers and surfactants. The second part covers ...
Weed Douglas L - - 2011
Medical and public health decisions are informed by reviews, which makes the quality of reviews an important scientific concern. We systematically assessed the quality of published reviews on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and health, which is a controversial topic that is important to public health. We performed a search of PubMed ...
Specchio Nicola - - 2011
Yawning is an involuntary sequence of mouth opening, deep inspiration, brief apnea, and slow expiration. Few cases of yawning as a clinical sign of epileptic seizures, ictally or postictally, have been reported. We report the video/EEG documentation of yawning as an ictal sign in a 31-year-old patient affected by drug-resistant ...
Min Ji Hye - - 2011
PURPOSE: With recent advances in targeted therapy such as tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), pulmonary toxicity has emerged as a problem. The recognition of common CT findings and patterns of TKI-induced interstitial lung disease (ILD) is mandatory for achieving a timely diagnosis and for ...
Krahn Daniel - - 2011
Syrbactin is a subordinate term for the syringolin, glidobactin and cepafungin natural product families. Their grouping is based on their related molecular frameworks, similar biosynthesis pathways and, most importantly, identical modes-of-action, being irreversible proteasome inhibition. With this report, we aim to review their chemical biology, describing their common, but also ...
Sinha Surabhi - - 2011
  We report the case of a 16-year-old Indian girl who presented with multiple small papular lesions and larger erythema multiforme-like plaques in a Christmas tree pattern over her body for 3 weeks. Histopathologic examination was performed, and she was diagnosed with pityriasis rosea presenting with two atypical morphological variants-generalized papular ...
Ipek Yonal - - 2011
The risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) increases in the presence of plasma cell dyscrasias. Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and multiple myeloma (MM) share an intrinsic increased risk of VTE. Treatment with thalidomide and lenalidomide further increases the incidence of VTE in certain MM patient subsets. The pathogenesis remains ...
Niemi Anna-Kaisa - - 2011
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant multisystem disorder characterized by abnormalities involving the skin, brain, kidney (angiomyolipomas, cysts), and heart. Horseshoe kidney has not been considered to be a common renal manifestation of TSC but it has been previously reported in two patients with TSC. We report on ...
Cingel Vladimir - - 2011
Fetus in fetu is a rare congenital anomaly, when the malformed monozygotic twin is found within the body of a living child or sometimes in an adult. We report a case of fetus in fetu diagnosed during the early third trimester of pregnancy, in the medial and inferior portions of ...
Macquarrie Erin K - - 2011
The persistent pigmented purpuric dermatitides (PPPD) are a spectrum of dermatologic disorders characterized by petechial and pigmented macules usually confined to the lower limbs. Their etiology is unknown and several clinical variants are recognized. At the microscopic level they are characterized by angiocentric lymphocytic inflammation, red blood cell extravasation and ...
Massimi Luca - - 2011
Chiari type I malformation (CIM) was first described in the late 19th Century. However, it still raises a great interest among the scientific Community because of the increasing number of diagnosed cases, the still unclear pathogenesis and natural history and the different options in the surgical management. The present review ...
Sanford Erica F - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive encephalopathy is one of the few neurologic emergencies in which prompt diagnosis and treatment can prevent permanent neurological damage. This syndrome is rarely seen in children. OBJECTIVES: To discuss the recognition of hypertensive encephalopathy as a cause of acute neurological changes in children. CASE REPORT: We present the ...
Gaunt Trevor - - 2011
BackgroundThis review details the examination, diagnosis, treatment and management of injuries encountered by competitive swimmers. Primarily, these involve the shoulder, however, the spine, knee and hip can be involved. Using the Coleman methodology score, we show that the methods used in obtaining and reporting clinical findings and intervention results could ...
Reynolds Renee M - - 2011
In this paper the authors describe the rare disorder of diffuse leptomeningeal oligodendrogliomatosis in a patient with an oligodendroglioma of the cauda equina who died suddenly. Reviewing this uncommon pathological entity is important so that it can be recognized and treated appropriately. This young, otherwise healthy woman with initial symptoms ...
Dietz Hans Peter - - 2011
In the interest of progress and in order to avoid conflict of interest, guidelines and standardisation documents should be published anonymously, and they should undergo a mandatory review process by peers every few years.
Rauh Michael J - - 2011
The diagnosis of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) can be challenging, owing to the absence of traditional lineage-specific markers, but is facilitated by CD4/CD56 co-expression and frequent skin involvement. Herein, we present our collective experiences with three BPDCN cases lacking cutaneous presentation and the inherent diagnostic pitfalls. Taken in ...
Rossetto Marta - - 2011
In this short case-illustrated review we aimed to analyse the possible nuances of hemifacial spasm (HFS) as the presenting symptom of a tumour of the fourth ventricle. The issue is remarkable since HFS can be secondary to a fourth ventricle tumour, even when no other neurological signs are reported. In ...
de Holanda Narriane Chaves P - - 2011
Hashimoto's encephalopathy, first described in 1966, is still problematic in terms of its pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment. The syndrome is more common in women, and is associated with autoimmune antithyroid antibodies. Presentation varies considerably; there may be episodes of cerebral ischemia, seizure, or psychosis, or there may be depression, cognitive ...
Kanarek Marty S - - 2011
There are different mineral classes of asbestos, including serpentines and amphiboles. Chrysotile is the main type of serpentine and by far the most frequently used type of asbestos (about 95% of world production and use). There has been continuing controversy over the capability of chrysotile asbestos to cause pleural and ...
Zhylich Dzmitry - - 2011
To review the published literature in order to address clinical questions regarding the indications, effects and outcomes of mandibular incisor extraction in orthodontics. Three electronic databases were searched: PubMed (1950-January 2011), Ovid Embase+Ovid Embase Classic (1947-January 2011) and Cochrane library (6 Cochrane databases, 1996-January 2011). The following journals were additionally ...
Muthucumaru Mathievathaniy - - 2011
Hydatids of Morgagni are very common incidental findings during laparoscopy in women of all age groups. However, torsion of these hydatids is very rarely reported in the literature. This report discusses the importance of considering torsion of hydatids of Morgagni in young adolescent girls who present with acute-onset lower abdominal ...
Nguyen Thy P - - 2011
Multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) is a unique disorder characterized by slowly progressive, asymmetric, distal and upper limb predominant weakness without significant sensory abnormalities. Electrophysiology is crucial to the diagnosis, revealing the hallmark partial conduction block. MMN is considered immune mediated due to the association with anti-GM1 antibodies and the response ...
Malhotra K - - 2011
Functional colonic obstruction is a colonic motility disorder with a number of causes. One cause is myenteric ganglionitis, which may result from paraneoplastic processes. We present the case of a previously healthy 53-year-old man who presented with a week's history of functional colonic obstruction. A transverse loop colostomy failed to ...
Karabegovic Amna - - 2011
Nontraumatic spinal cord injury from surfing is a new entity first described in 2004 and likely of ischemic etiology. We report the case of a 25-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with a 2-week history of lower extremity weakness after surfing in Indonesia. The patient reported developing low ...
Elmistekawy E M - - 2011
Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest is an essential tool in the surgeon's armamentarium. There are essentially three strategies to address cerebral ischemia during arrest periods. Early surgical case series pioneered the option of complete anoxia with deep hypothermia. Subsequent innovators introduced the concept of retrograde perfusion of the cerebral vessels through ...
De Santis Giuseppe - - 2011
Intramural hematoma of the colon is rare. It may be "spontaneous" in patients with anticoagulant therapy or blood dyscrasia or caused by blunt abdominal trauma. An uncertain origin is also reported, so we have also "idiopathic hematoma". The AA report a new case of uncertain origin and review the literature. ...
Crosiers David - - 2011
Parkinson's disease is known to present and mostly persist as an asymmetrical movement disorder in most cases. The asymmetry is mainly described in motor features such as bradykinesia, rigidity and tremor in upper and lower limbs. Unilateral hypomimia however, has only been reported in 14 patients, all of whom showed ...
Chang Ki-Hong - - 2011
A petrified auricle is a rare condition in which the structure becomes partially or completely rigid. It arises as a consequence of calcification or ossification of the auricular cartilage. An ossified auricle is much more rare than a calcified cartilage, and it can be diagnosed only by histology. To the ...
Paul Jochen - - 2011
PURPOSE: Posterior shoulder dislocations (PSDs) comprise a small subset of shoulder dislocations, and there are few evidence-based treatment protocols and no actual algorithm for the treatment of PSDs available in the literature. This article provides a systematic review of the literature, as well as an overview of clinical and radiologic ...
Magnuson Ryan J - - 2011
We present an interesting case of tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration. A 29-year-old healthy female, with no history of pulmonary disease, presented on multiple occasions to healthcare providers with wheezing and cough. She was repeatedly diagnosed and treated for asthma with acute exacerbations. Upon further evaluation, the patient was subsequently found ...
Ibinaiye P O - - 2011
A rare case of porocephalosis infection presenting with an acute abdominal emergency in a 60 year old Nigerian is presented. The characteristic radiologic appearance of Armillifer nymph is described, and clinical findings which may be caused by this parasite are reviewed. A brief review of the epidemiology of porocephalosis is ...
Ayer Robert E - - 2011
Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome whose hallmark lesions are benign lipomas of the brain and spinal cord. The authors present a case of a male infant with ECCL who had extensive brainstem and spinal cord lipomas. The management of this patient's hydrocephalus, cervicomedullary compression, tethered cord, and ...
Reid William H - - 2011
Psychiatrists and other mental health professionals are asked from time to time to provide reports that will be used in legal or administrative actions ("forensic" reports, expressing "opinions" beyond personal observations). This article provides general guidance and recommendations for forensic report writing, particularly when the writer has limited forensic experience. ...
Chen Xueyan - - 2011
The authors report, to the best of their knowledge, the first case of lumbosacral choristoma of breast origin, presenting in a young girl with lumbosacral lipomyelomeningocele. Although choristomas are considered to be benign, the regrowth of this mass when the patient was 15 and 16 years of age, and its ...
Gulati Aakshay - - 2011
Carcinoid tumours are slow growing tumours of neuroendocrine origin that primarily affect the gastrointestinal tract and pulmonary system. They can behave aggressively, with regional and distant metastases, although metastases to the head and neck region are uncommon. We present a rare case of carcinoid metastasis to the submandibular gland, which ...
- - 2011
The emergence of digital talking books in Arabic is one of a number of exciting developments. Lynn Itani reports.
Surawski Robert J - - 2011
Metoclopramide is an anti-emetic and gastrointestinal pro-motility agent associated with well-known neuropsychiatric adverse effects, such as dyskinesia, akathisia, and depression. It has never been reported to be associated with homicidal ideation. The authors review the literature on metoclopramide-induced adverse neuropsychiatric reactions and the mechanisms by which these may occur. The ...
Cipriani A - - 2011
Systematic reviews carried out by Cochrane Collaboration (an international network of researchers belonging to this independent, not-for-profit organization) are recognized worldwide as the highest standard in evidence-based healthcare. The main reason is that Cochrane reviews follow a common and specific methodology to limit bias and random error. In this issue, ...
Ramnarayan B K - - 2011
Gingival hyperplasia is a rare condition and is of importance for cosmetic and mechanical reasons. Idiopathic gingival fibromatosis, a benign, slow-growing proliferation of the gingival tissues, is genetically heterogeneous. The enlargement is most intense during the eruption of the primary and permanent teeth, and minimal or nondetectable growth is observed ...
Macpherson Jane - - 2011
This article seeks to clarify the legal position on driving by people who have been discharged from emergency departments or minor injury units after treatment for injuries. It discusses a literature review about the advice such people are given and the advice they want, and the responsibility of clinicians in ...
Farzan Mahmoud - - 2011
Tumoral calcinosis (TC) is a rare problem that can be idiopathic (primary) or secondary to other diseases, particularly end-stage renal disease. Although these 2 types of TC do not differ in their radiologic and histopathologic presentations, their treatment modalities may be changed on the basis of etiology. Surgical resection of ...
Taylor Jennifer - - 2011
China already has 100 000 readers of this young journal and is opening its doors to review papers and guidelines from outside the country.
Treamtrakanpon Worapot - - 2011
Hypercalcemia is commonly encountered in peritoneal dialysis patients with parathyroid hormone abnormalities; however, most of them have faint clinical manifestation and the level usually is less than 13 mg/dL. If severe hypercalcemia exists, granulomatous infection and occult malignancy should be of concern. Tuberculosis, a granulomatous disease associated with hypercalcemia, is ...
Carrazana Enrique - - 2011
: We report a case of ecstatic seizures with religious overtones in a patient whose semiology resembles that of Saint Theresa of Avila (1515 to 1582), and review the anatomical basis of this phenomenon. : Seizures with an emotional component are typically associated with negative sensations. Ecstatic seizures, particularly those ...
Rasmussen D Kade - - 2011
There has been speculation that third generation hormonal contraceptives may be less prone to inducing clotting than the earlier generation products. We present a case of colonic ischemia in a young adolescent receiving pharmacotherapy with a third-generation hormonal contraceptive. Ischemic colitis is an uncommon adverse effect in young adolescents associated ...
Hardesty Christina K - - 2011
Treatment methods in Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (LCPD) have varied during the 100-year history of this disorder. This is a review of the present practice of bracing in LCPD. Published articles from the last 35 years were reviewed including primary analyses of bracing, meta-analysis, and summaries of present opinion. The recent literature ...
Arbesman Marian - - 2011
Systematic reviews of literature relevant to adults with Alzheimer's disease and their families are important to the practice of occupational therapy. We describe the seven questions that served as the focus for systematic reviews of the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for adults with Alzheimer's disease and their families. We ...
Inniss Laura - - 2011
This article demonstrates how services provided in minor injury units (MIUs) and emergency departments (EDs) can be improved by the implementation of routine thromboprophylaxis by subcutaneous injections of low molecular weight heparin for patients whose lower limbs are immobilised by plaster casts. The author offers evidence of the need for ...
Lemoine Tara J - - 2011
The objective of the study was to report the toxicity of phosphine gas after a residential fumigation that resulted in fatal poisoning of a 15-month-old toddler and her 4-year-old sibling. This is a case report and a review of literature. A family of 6 members was exposed to phosphine gas ...
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