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Tripathy Sujit-Kumar - - 2011
Bilateral shoulder dislocations are rare and almost always occur in the posterior direction. Simultaneous bilateral anterior shoulder dislocation is even rarer and only a few cases are stated in the literature. The most interesting part of a bilateral shoulder dislocation is about its injury mechanism as a synchronous and simultaneous ...
Pillon Agnesa - - 2011
There are very numerous reports in the neuropsychological literature of patients showing, in naming and/or comprehension tasks, a disproportionate deficit for nouns in comparison with verbs or a disproportionate deficit for verbs in comparison with nouns. A number of authors advanced that, in at least some or even in every ...
Liu J Y - - 2011
Lingual osteomas are extremely rare. Fewer than 100 cases have been reported in the medical literature. This article reports a case of lingual osteoma, together with a literature review of its clinical features and pathogenesis so as to enhance our understanding of this unusual osseous lesion.
Ziaei Mohammed - - 2011
Orbital cysticercosis is secondary to an infestation by cysticercus cellulosae, the larval form of Taenia solium.Orbital cysticercosis may present with a wide spectrum of clinical findings and result in significant ocular morbidity. Although traditionally thought to be only prevalent in endemic regions with poor sanitation, immigration requires even ophthalmologists practicing ...
Albuquerque Andreia - - 2011
Metastatic cutaneous Crohn's disease is one of the most uncommon cutaneous extraintestinal manifestations. The face is the rarest location, with only eight cases described in the literature. We report a rare case of a young man with Crohn's disease and two granulomatous lesions on the face in a nodular form. ...
Santoro Silvina G - - 2011
Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a multi-system necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis which classically affects the upper respiratory tract, lungs and kidneys. Pituitary participation has been described in 24 patients in the literature to date. The aim of this article is to report a case of pituitary involvement in WG, and to present ...
Ogunbode A M - - 2011
Obesity is rapidly becoming an emerging disease in developing countries due to the increasing westernization of societies and change in the lifestyle. The etiology of obesity is said to be multifactorial, with a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Literature has been extensively reviewed to provide a broad overview of ...
Lynch Liam - - 2011
A recent report, produced for the Department of Health and Children, suggested that inappropriate payments in the Dental Treatment Services Scheme may be above 10%. To review past publications on the topic of inappropriate payments in the DTSS and compare their conclusions and methodologies to that of the recent report. ...
Alexander Mariam P - - 2011
Heavy chain deposition disease (HCDD) is a comparatively recently described entity characterized by glomerular and tubular basement membrane deposition of monoclonal heavy chains without associated light chains. To our knowledge, review of the literature shows only 24 previously reported cases of HCDD with unequivocal evidence of monoclonal heavy chain deposition ...
Fulop Sean A - - 2011
The purpose of these acoustical patent reviews is to provide enough information for a Journal reader to decide whether to seek more information from the patent itself. Any opinions expressed here are those of the reviewers as individuals and are not legal opinions. Printed copies of United States Patents may ...
Chou Yen-Ting - - 2011
Pure word deafness (PWD) is a rare disorder characterized by impaired verbal comprehension sparing discrimination and recognition of nonverbal sounds with relatively normal spontaneous speech, writing, and reading comprehension. Etiologies of this syndrome are varied, and there are rare reports about brain tumor with PWD in children. We report a ...
Naiditch Jessica A - - 2011
Uterine leiomyoma is the most common uterine tumor in adult females but is rare in the pediatric population with only 10 previous cases reported. We describe the unique case of a 15-year-old girl who presented with abdominal pain and menometrorrhagia and was found to have a uterine leiomyoma as well ...
Jewanski Jörg - - 2011
The first case of synesthesia was reported in 1812 ( Jewanski, Day, & Ward, 2009 ). However, it took almost seven decades before the idea of synesthesia entered the mainstream of science and, subsequently, art. There are no known new cases described between 1812 and 1848, but in the following ...
Kheirandish Pejman - - 2011
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Stuttering priapism is a form of ischemic priapism which mainly affects sickle cell patients. Despite recent advances in understanding the aetiology and pathophysiology of this condition, no credible evidence-based management strategy has been produced to this date. In this ...
Bradford David T - - 2011
This study is an 11-part investigation of the psychology and neuropsychology of early Christian asceticism as represented by Evagrius Ponticus (AD 345-399), the tradition's first ascetical theologian and possibly its mosfinfluential. Evagrius's biography is reviewed in the first section. The living circuinstaii and perceptual consequences of desert asceticism are considered ...
Rawat Jagdish - - 2011
Intrathoracic teratoma usually occurs in the mediastinum but rarely, these may originate from the lung. We report a case of an intrapulmonary teratoma in a 34-year-old male.
Luk S Y - - 2011
Sacrococcygeal teratoma is one of the most common tumours in infants but rare in adults. We present a case of sacrococcygeal teratoma in a female adult. The clinical presentation, radiological and histological findings, management, and outcome are described.
Munding J - - 2011
Solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) are rare pancreatic tumors. They occur most frequently in young females and are often diagnosed accidentally. SPNs are characterized by an excellent clinical outcome. In our case series the clinical course, pathohistological data and clinical outcome of eight patients (7 female patients, 1 male patient) with ...
Hussain Sarwat - - 2011
The aims of this paper are to describe addenda to radiology reports and to discuss the communication gaps in radiology addenda reaching referring physicians. The authors examine impediments to compliance with an addendum policy and suggest possible solutions. A total of 62,500 radiology reports were reviewed to analyze the occurrence ...
Rogers True L - - 2011
This three-part review has been developed following the evaluation of literature where ethylcellulose, methylcellulose, or hypromellose was used to make microcapsules. Parts 1 and 2 of the review are published in separate papers. Part 1 covers the various materials used to formulate microcapsules, and Part 2 covers the various techniques ...
Chen Chia-Chun - - 2011
Gelastic seizures are rare and are associated with different conditions, but mainly with hypothalamic hamartoma. We report on a boy who presented with mental retardation, aggressive behavior, and generalized tonic-clonic and gelastic seizures. Cranial imaging studies revealed a very rare combination of hypothalamic hamartoma and agenesis of the corpus callosum, ...
Palazzo Francesco - - 2011
Achalasia is an esophageal motility disorder for which the pathophysiology is only partially known for the idiopathic subtype. Many factors are known to be involved with the development of secondary achalasia. Neurofibromatosis is one of the most common autosomal dominant conditions affecting the nervous system, and 25% of those with ...
Auriemma Matteo - - 2011
Cutaneous calciphylaxis is a potentially fatal condition characterized by calcium deposition in dermal arterioles and the subsequent development of livedo reticularis, plaques, and extremely painful ulcers. This condition may be present in up to 4% of end-stage renal disease patients. Several treatments, which mainly attempt to control calcium phosphate metabolism, ...
Raha Sarbani - - 2011
Biotinidase deficiency may produce variable neurologic manifestations. Brainstem and spinal cord disease comprises an uncommon presentation of biotinidase deficiency. We describe a 7-year old boy with subacute progressive quadriplegia and "sighing" respirations. Severe biotinidase deficiency was established, and the patient demonstrated complete recovery with biotin supplementation. Genetic studies revealed presence ...
Egom Emmanuel Eroume A - - 2011
There are numerous reports of thiazide-induced hyponatraemia (TIH) and its incidence is growing as a result of increasing prescription after guidelines recommending thiazides as first-line treatment of essential hypertension have been introduced. Thiazide diuretics are a common cause of severe hyponatraemia that is usually induced within two weeks of starting ...
Vallières Eric - - 2011
Carcinoma in situ at the mucosal bronchial resection margin is a rarely reported event. At present, such histological findings at the resection margins are classified as R1(is), thus representing an incomplete resection. A review of the English literature on the topic was undertaken to try to better define the significance ...
Borgaonkar Vijay D - - 2011
Situs nversus totalis is a rare condition which presents difficulty in clinical diagnosis as well as laparoscopic surgery for cholelithiasis. The mirror image anatomy makes the laparoscopic intervention difficult even for an experienced surgeon. Presenting here is a case report and review of literature.
De-la-Torre-Ugarte-Guanilo Mônica Cecilia - - 2011
Systematic review is a useful methodology in health, as it makes it possible to identify the best evidence and sumamrize them so as to found proposals for changes in the areas of prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation. The purpose of this article is to provide support for planning systematic reviews ...
Porcaro-Salles José Maria - - 2011
Pharyngocele, or lateral pharyngeal diverticulum (LPD), is rare, as only a few cases have been described. This condition is characterized by local bulging in the piriform recess or in a vallecula. The diagnosis, which is clinically difficult, is made by barium-swallow examination of the pharynx. Surgical repair is indicated when ...
Belfort Michael A - - 2011
The purpose of this article is to review the risks and benefits of scheduled preterm delivery in patients with placenta accreta, increta, and percreta and to provide guidance regarding timing of delivery in such cases. Relevant documents for this opinion were identified through a search of the English literature for ...
Kienstra Matthew - - 2011
The crooked nose deformity is very common and difficult to correct. Although minor deformity can be corrected with simple techniques, more aggressive management is frequently necessary in the complex case. This article reviews common causes of the crooked nose deformity after previous treatment and their solutions.
Chen Wendy - - 2011
Posterior mediastinal masses have widely variant presentations and a broad differential diagnosis. We describe an adolescent boy presenting with a posterior mediastinal mass, associated with abdominal pain and pleural effusion. Radiologic, operative, and pathologic findings are reviewed. This patient was found to have torsion of an extralobar pulmonary sequestration, of ...
Abbass Khurram - - 2011
Heretofore, Campylobacter infections have been predominantly associated with gastrointestinal manifestations. Over the past two decades, an increasing number of case reports have suggested that the spectrum of disease is much broader. To date, only 10 cases of myocarditis/pericarditis in patients with C. fetus have been reported in the English literature ...
da Graça Ferronato Maria - - 2011
Relapsing polychondritis is an immune-mediated disease associated with inflammation in cartilaginous structures and other tissues throughout the body, particularly the ears, nose, eyes, joints, and respiratory tract. Although association with other conditions is seen in about one-third of the cases, liver involvement is not usually observed in those patients. We ...
Gonçalves Fabrício Guimarães - - 2011
Hemangiomas are hamartomatous proliferation of vessels. Intraosseous hemangiomas of the facial bones are rare and most commonly involve the zygoma, maxilla, mandible, and the nasal bones. A "sunburst" pattern is a typical appearance on CT scan and MRI and therefore a biopsy is not always necessary. Surgery is usually performed ...
Kumar Pananghat A - - 2011
A case of accessory scrotum in a 2-day-old male infant is reported because of its rarity. An overview of sequences during the normal development of male external genitalia has been provided and the deranged mechanism resulting in this anomaly has been reviewed with hypotheses regarding etiology of accessory scrotum.
Desai Chetna K - - 2011
Spontaneous reporting is an important tool in pharmacovigilance. However, its success depends on cooperative and motivated prescribers. Under-reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) by prescribers is a common problem. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) regarding ADR reporting among prescribers at the Civil ...
Oh Yu-Jin - - 2011
Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is an uncommon intraepithelial neoplasm that most commonly arises on the vulva and perianal region. Very few cases of EMPD revealing a histological Bowenoid appearance have been reported. This study describes scrotal EMPD presenting with histological features of Bowen's disease in a 79-year-old man. He presented ...
Dainiak Nicholas - - 2011
Hematopoietic syndrome (HS) is a clinical diagnosis assigned to people who present with ≥ 1 new-onset cytopenias in the setting of acute radiation exposure. The World Health Organization convened a panel of experts to evaluate the evidence and develop recommendations for medical countermeasures for the management of HS in a ...
Dainiak Nicholas - - 2011
The World Health Organization convened a panel of experts to rank the evidence for medical countermeasures for management of acute radiation syndrome (ARS) in a hypothetical scenario involving the hospitalization of 100 to 200 victims. The goal of this panel was to achieve consensus on optimal management of ARS affecting ...
Gadodia A - - 2011
Bilateral parotid swelling is not an uncommon occurrence and may pose a challenge for clinicians and radiologists. Numerous causes of bilateral parotid swellings have been identified. The purpose of this pictorial review is to display this wide array with a focus on multimodality approach.
Yeh C H - - 2011
Primitive neuroectodermal tumours (PNETs) are aggressive undifferentiated tumours that occur mainly in the central nervous system (CNS). Reviewing the literature, only six cases of primary PNET of the mandible have been reported. These rare tumours are usually overlooked in clinical practice. An 18-year-old woman who presented with dental caries and ...
Sequeira-Byron Patrick P Department of Preventive Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry, University of Bern, - - 2011
Systematic reviews are not an assembly of anecdotes but a distillation of current best available evidence on a particular topic and as such have an important role to play in evidence-based healthcare. A substantial proportion of these systematic reviews focus on interventions, and are able to provide clinicians with the ...
Talih Farid Ramzi FR Ashtabula County Medical Center, Ashtabula, Ohio, USA. - - 2011
Kleptomania is an impulse control disorder that can cause significant impairment and serious consequences. Often, the condition is kept secret by the patient, and usually help is sought only when confronted by the legal consequences of the impulsive behaviors. Historically, kleptomania has been viewed from a psychodynamic perspective, and the ...
Durrant Michael N - - 2011
Onychomatricoma (OM) is a fibroepithelial tumor of nail matrix that occurs in the digits of both the hands and feet. This was first reported by Baran and Kint. They initially described 3 cases, all of which demonstrated a filamentous tumor of matrix tissue that resulted in a thickened funnel-shaped nail. ...
Ritchie Sophie - - 2011
Background: Technological developments in prosthesis design of upper limb devices are improving rapidly, and understandings of user's perceptions are important to reduce device abandonment and improve user satisfaction rates. Objectives: The purpose of this review was to establish what is known about adult user's perceptions of upper limb prostheses in ...
Maduwage Kalana - - 2011
Snakebite is a major medical problem in developing Asia. Hump-nosed pit viper (Genus Hypnale) causes the most number of snakebites with significant morbidity and mortality in Sri Lanka. Even though there are three species (Hypnale hypnale, Hypnalezara and Hypnalenepa) in Sri Lanka there are few published literature on species-specific clinico-epidemiological ...
Kanagarajah P - - 2011
Adult polycystic kidney disease (APKD) is one of the most common inherited disorders affecting one in 800-1000 live births. Extra-renal manifestation of APKD is not uncommon. Cysts involving the male and female reproductive system have been reported. However, fertility is affected only in male subjects. Among cysts involving the reproductive ...
Wang Norman C - - 2011
Background:  Dual atrioventricular nodal nonreentrant tachycardia (DAVNNT) is a relatively uncommon supraventricular tachycardia. The clinical characteristics and optimal management strategies are not well described. Methods:  A systematic review of all reported cases of DAVNNT was performed. Articles were included if they described spontaneous tachycardias resulting from 1:2 atrioventricular (AV) conduction ...
Slova Denisa - - 2012
Lingual adenocarcinomas (ADC), either primary or metastatic to the tongue are extraordinarily rare neoplasms. Primary lingual adenocarcinomas are primarily of minor salivary gland origin. Two cases of primary colonic-type adenocarcinomas of the base of the tongue were recently reported for the first time in the English literature. We present an ...
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