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Results 351 - 400 of 1751
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Chou Yen-Ting - - 2011
Pure word deafness (PWD) is a rare disorder characterized by impaired verbal comprehension sparing discrimination and recognition of nonverbal sounds with relatively normal spontaneous speech, writing, and reading comprehension. Etiologies of this syndrome are varied, and there are rare reports about brain tumor with PWD in children. We report a ...
Naiditch Jessica A - - 2011
Uterine leiomyoma is the most common uterine tumor in adult females but is rare in the pediatric population with only 10 previous cases reported. We describe the unique case of a 15-year-old girl who presented with abdominal pain and menometrorrhagia and was found to have a uterine leiomyoma as well ...
Jewanski Jörg - - 2011
The first case of synesthesia was reported in 1812 ( Jewanski, Day, & Ward, 2009 ). However, it took almost seven decades before the idea of synesthesia entered the mainstream of science and, subsequently, art. There are no known new cases described between 1812 and 1848, but in the following ...
Kheirandish Pejman - - 2011
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Stuttering priapism is a form of ischemic priapism which mainly affects sickle cell patients. Despite recent advances in understanding the aetiology and pathophysiology of this condition, no credible evidence-based management strategy has been produced to this date. In this ...
Bradford David T - - 2011
This study is an 11-part investigation of the psychology and neuropsychology of early Christian asceticism as represented by Evagrius Ponticus (AD 345-399), the tradition's first ascetical theologian and possibly its mosfinfluential. Evagrius's biography is reviewed in the first section. The living circuinstaii and perceptual consequences of desert asceticism are considered ...
Rawat Jagdish - - 2011
Intrathoracic teratoma usually occurs in the mediastinum but rarely, these may originate from the lung. We report a case of an intrapulmonary teratoma in a 34-year-old male.
Luk S Y - - 2011
Sacrococcygeal teratoma is one of the most common tumours in infants but rare in adults. We present a case of sacrococcygeal teratoma in a female adult. The clinical presentation, radiological and histological findings, management, and outcome are described.
Munding J - - 2011
Solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) are rare pancreatic tumors. They occur most frequently in young females and are often diagnosed accidentally. SPNs are characterized by an excellent clinical outcome. In our case series the clinical course, pathohistological data and clinical outcome of eight patients (7 female patients, 1 male patient) with ...
Hussain Sarwat - - 2011
The aims of this paper are to describe addenda to radiology reports and to discuss the communication gaps in radiology addenda reaching referring physicians. The authors examine impediments to compliance with an addendum policy and suggest possible solutions. A total of 62,500 radiology reports were reviewed to analyze the occurrence ...
Rogers True L - - 2011
This three-part review has been developed following the evaluation of literature where ethylcellulose, methylcellulose, or hypromellose was used to make microcapsules. Parts 1 and 2 of the review are published in separate papers. Part 1 covers the various materials used to formulate microcapsules, and Part 2 covers the various techniques ...
Chen Chia-Chun - - 2011
Gelastic seizures are rare and are associated with different conditions, but mainly with hypothalamic hamartoma. We report on a boy who presented with mental retardation, aggressive behavior, and generalized tonic-clonic and gelastic seizures. Cranial imaging studies revealed a very rare combination of hypothalamic hamartoma and agenesis of the corpus callosum, ...
Palazzo Francesco - - 2011
Achalasia is an esophageal motility disorder for which the pathophysiology is only partially known for the idiopathic subtype. Many factors are known to be involved with the development of secondary achalasia. Neurofibromatosis is one of the most common autosomal dominant conditions affecting the nervous system, and 25% of those with ...
Auriemma Matteo - - 2011
Cutaneous calciphylaxis is a potentially fatal condition characterized by calcium deposition in dermal arterioles and the subsequent development of livedo reticularis, plaques, and extremely painful ulcers. This condition may be present in up to 4% of end-stage renal disease patients. Several treatments, which mainly attempt to control calcium phosphate metabolism, ...
Raha Sarbani - - 2011
Biotinidase deficiency may produce variable neurologic manifestations. Brainstem and spinal cord disease comprises an uncommon presentation of biotinidase deficiency. We describe a 7-year old boy with subacute progressive quadriplegia and "sighing" respirations. Severe biotinidase deficiency was established, and the patient demonstrated complete recovery with biotin supplementation. Genetic studies revealed presence ...
Egom Emmanuel Eroume A - - 2011
There are numerous reports of thiazide-induced hyponatraemia (TIH) and its incidence is growing as a result of increasing prescription after guidelines recommending thiazides as first-line treatment of essential hypertension have been introduced. Thiazide diuretics are a common cause of severe hyponatraemia that is usually induced within two weeks of starting ...
Vallières Eric - - 2011
Carcinoma in situ at the mucosal bronchial resection margin is a rarely reported event. At present, such histological findings at the resection margins are classified as R1(is), thus representing an incomplete resection. A review of the English literature on the topic was undertaken to try to better define the significance ...
Borgaonkar Vijay D - - 2011
Situs nversus totalis is a rare condition which presents difficulty in clinical diagnosis as well as laparoscopic surgery for cholelithiasis. The mirror image anatomy makes the laparoscopic intervention difficult even for an experienced surgeon. Presenting here is a case report and review of literature.
De-la-Torre-Ugarte-Guanilo Mônica Cecilia - - 2011
Systematic review is a useful methodology in health, as it makes it possible to identify the best evidence and sumamrize them so as to found proposals for changes in the areas of prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation. The purpose of this article is to provide support for planning systematic reviews ...
Porcaro-Salles José Maria - - 2011
Pharyngocele, or lateral pharyngeal diverticulum (LPD), is rare, as only a few cases have been described. This condition is characterized by local bulging in the piriform recess or in a vallecula. The diagnosis, which is clinically difficult, is made by barium-swallow examination of the pharynx. Surgical repair is indicated when ...
Belfort Michael A - - 2011
The purpose of this article is to review the risks and benefits of scheduled preterm delivery in patients with placenta accreta, increta, and percreta and to provide guidance regarding timing of delivery in such cases. Relevant documents for this opinion were identified through a search of the English literature for ...
Kienstra Matthew - - 2011
The crooked nose deformity is very common and difficult to correct. Although minor deformity can be corrected with simple techniques, more aggressive management is frequently necessary in the complex case. This article reviews common causes of the crooked nose deformity after previous treatment and their solutions.
Chen Wendy - - 2011
Posterior mediastinal masses have widely variant presentations and a broad differential diagnosis. We describe an adolescent boy presenting with a posterior mediastinal mass, associated with abdominal pain and pleural effusion. Radiologic, operative, and pathologic findings are reviewed. This patient was found to have torsion of an extralobar pulmonary sequestration, of ...
Abbass Khurram - - 2011
Heretofore, Campylobacter infections have been predominantly associated with gastrointestinal manifestations. Over the past two decades, an increasing number of case reports have suggested that the spectrum of disease is much broader. To date, only 10 cases of myocarditis/pericarditis in patients with C. fetus have been reported in the English literature ...
da Graça Ferronato Maria - - 2011
Relapsing polychondritis is an immune-mediated disease associated with inflammation in cartilaginous structures and other tissues throughout the body, particularly the ears, nose, eyes, joints, and respiratory tract. Although association with other conditions is seen in about one-third of the cases, liver involvement is not usually observed in those patients. We ...
Gonçalves Fabrício Guimarães - - 2011
Hemangiomas are hamartomatous proliferation of vessels. Intraosseous hemangiomas of the facial bones are rare and most commonly involve the zygoma, maxilla, mandible, and the nasal bones. A "sunburst" pattern is a typical appearance on CT scan and MRI and therefore a biopsy is not always necessary. Surgery is usually performed ...
Kumar Pananghat A - - 2011
A case of accessory scrotum in a 2-day-old male infant is reported because of its rarity. An overview of sequences during the normal development of male external genitalia has been provided and the deranged mechanism resulting in this anomaly has been reviewed with hypotheses regarding etiology of accessory scrotum.
Desai Chetna K - - 2011
Spontaneous reporting is an important tool in pharmacovigilance. However, its success depends on cooperative and motivated prescribers. Under-reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) by prescribers is a common problem. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) regarding ADR reporting among prescribers at the Civil ...
Oh Yu-Jin - - 2011
Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is an uncommon intraepithelial neoplasm that most commonly arises on the vulva and perianal region. Very few cases of EMPD revealing a histological Bowenoid appearance have been reported. This study describes scrotal EMPD presenting with histological features of Bowen's disease in a 79-year-old man. He presented ...
Dainiak Nicholas - - 2011
Hematopoietic syndrome (HS) is a clinical diagnosis assigned to people who present with ≥ 1 new-onset cytopenias in the setting of acute radiation exposure. The World Health Organization convened a panel of experts to evaluate the evidence and develop recommendations for medical countermeasures for the management of HS in a ...
Dainiak Nicholas - - 2011
The World Health Organization convened a panel of experts to rank the evidence for medical countermeasures for management of acute radiation syndrome (ARS) in a hypothetical scenario involving the hospitalization of 100 to 200 victims. The goal of this panel was to achieve consensus on optimal management of ARS affecting ...
Gadodia A - - 2011
Bilateral parotid swelling is not an uncommon occurrence and may pose a challenge for clinicians and radiologists. Numerous causes of bilateral parotid swellings have been identified. The purpose of this pictorial review is to display this wide array with a focus on multimodality approach.
Yeh C H - - 2011
Primitive neuroectodermal tumours (PNETs) are aggressive undifferentiated tumours that occur mainly in the central nervous system (CNS). Reviewing the literature, only six cases of primary PNET of the mandible have been reported. These rare tumours are usually overlooked in clinical practice. An 18-year-old woman who presented with dental caries and ...
Sequeira-Byron Patrick P Department of Preventive Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry, University of Bern, - - 2011
Systematic reviews are not an assembly of anecdotes but a distillation of current best available evidence on a particular topic and as such have an important role to play in evidence-based healthcare. A substantial proportion of these systematic reviews focus on interventions, and are able to provide clinicians with the ...
Talih Farid Ramzi FR Ashtabula County Medical Center, Ashtabula, Ohio, USA. - - 2011
Kleptomania is an impulse control disorder that can cause significant impairment and serious consequences. Often, the condition is kept secret by the patient, and usually help is sought only when confronted by the legal consequences of the impulsive behaviors. Historically, kleptomania has been viewed from a psychodynamic perspective, and the ...
Durrant Michael N - - 2011
Onychomatricoma (OM) is a fibroepithelial tumor of nail matrix that occurs in the digits of both the hands and feet. This was first reported by Baran and Kint. They initially described 3 cases, all of which demonstrated a filamentous tumor of matrix tissue that resulted in a thickened funnel-shaped nail. ...
Ritchie Sophie - - 2011
Background: Technological developments in prosthesis design of upper limb devices are improving rapidly, and understandings of user's perceptions are important to reduce device abandonment and improve user satisfaction rates. Objectives: The purpose of this review was to establish what is known about adult user's perceptions of upper limb prostheses in ...
Maduwage Kalana - - 2011
Snakebite is a major medical problem in developing Asia. Hump-nosed pit viper (Genus Hypnale) causes the most number of snakebites with significant morbidity and mortality in Sri Lanka. Even though there are three species (Hypnale hypnale, Hypnalezara and Hypnalenepa) in Sri Lanka there are few published literature on species-specific clinico-epidemiological ...
Kanagarajah P - - 2011
Adult polycystic kidney disease (APKD) is one of the most common inherited disorders affecting one in 800-1000 live births. Extra-renal manifestation of APKD is not uncommon. Cysts involving the male and female reproductive system have been reported. However, fertility is affected only in male subjects. Among cysts involving the reproductive ...
Wang Norman C - - 2011
Background:  Dual atrioventricular nodal nonreentrant tachycardia (DAVNNT) is a relatively uncommon supraventricular tachycardia. The clinical characteristics and optimal management strategies are not well described. Methods:  A systematic review of all reported cases of DAVNNT was performed. Articles were included if they described spontaneous tachycardias resulting from 1:2 atrioventricular (AV) conduction ...
Slova Denisa - - 2012
Lingual adenocarcinomas (ADC), either primary or metastatic to the tongue are extraordinarily rare neoplasms. Primary lingual adenocarcinomas are primarily of minor salivary gland origin. Two cases of primary colonic-type adenocarcinomas of the base of the tongue were recently reported for the first time in the English literature. We present an ...
El-Khani Ussamah - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to report a case of multi-focal necrotising fasciitis, review research on this subject to identify common aetiological factors and highlight suggestions to improve management. CONTEXT: Necrotising fasciitis is a severe, life-threatening soft tissue infection that typically arises from a single area, usually secondary ...
Frantzides Constantine T - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The placement of mesh in the repair of all types of hernia has been reported to decrease recurrence rates. There are several well known complications related to mesh repairs, including infection, erosion, seroma, and pain. Lesser reported are cardiac injuries secondary to anchoring of the mesh to the diaphragm. ...
Pleša Premilovac Z - - 2011
We report a 5-month-old male infant with benign unilateral bloody nipple discharge, and we present a brief review of 20 previously described cases of bloody nipple discharge in infancy. On the basis of our case and previous reports, we offer recommendations for the management of the bloody nipple discharge in ...
Hendrickx Guy F M - - 2011
We report a case of a three-and-a-half-year-old boy, who presented with poor general condition, stunted growth, had the presence of nail clubbing, persistent cough and frequent diarrhoea. Persistent iron deficiency anaemia without signs of haemolysis suggested Lane-Hamilton syndrome (LHS) which is or/is an extremely rare combination of idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis ...
Li Sheng-Li - - 2011
Diastematomyelia is a rare congenital disorder in which the spinal cord is divided longitudinally for part of its length. It can be accurately identified in the prenatal period by detailed sonographic examination of the spine. We report a case of diastematomyelia localized to spinal levels T6-T9 diagnosed prenatally at 31 ...
Tavares Suelene Brito Nascimento - - 2011
BACKGROUND: High rates of false-negative results constitute a routine problem in cytology laboratories. Of currently available internal quality control methods, 10% random review is the least effective in detecting false-negatives in routine screening. There is evidence that 100% rapid review and rapid prescreening perform well for this purpose. This study ...
Salinas Yolanda - - 2011
This critical review is focused on examples reported from 1947 to 2010 related to the design of chromo-fluorogenic chemosensors and reagents for explosives (141 references).
Tepeler Abdulkadir - - 2011
Abstract Crossed ectopia or transverse testicular ectopia (TTE) is an extremely rare anomaly of testicular descent in which both gonads migrate along the same inguinal canal to the hemiscrotum. Fewer than 100 cases have been reported in the literature. Most cases of TTE involve a concomitant inguinal hernia on the ...
Caplan Jason P - - 2011
Video electroencephalography (vEEG) has proven to be a valuable tool in the differentiation of pseudoseizures or psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) from epileptic seizures. Clinicians should, however, be aware of a number of conditions that may be misdiagnosed as pseudoseizures. To review a number of somatic conditions that can present with ...
Yao Qingping - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To report a case of tumor necrosis factor receptor associated periodic fever syndrome (TRAPS) with unusual clinical phenotypes and a systematic review. METHODS: The relevant English literature of TRAPS was searched using the keywords TRAPS, autoinflammatory disease, and gene mutation. Original and review articles were reviewed and the clinical ...
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