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Results 301 - 350 of 1738
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Moody Megan N - - 2011
  Nevus sebaceous of Jadassohn is a hamartoma with a combination of abnormalities of the epidermis, hair follicles, and sebaceous and apocrine glands. Herein, we discuss the results of an extensive literature review on the topic of nevus sebaceous with a particular focus on the debate about the necessity for ...
Nolan Katherine - - 2011
  Lindane is an organochloride pesticide, first introduced as a scabicide for human use in the 1950s (1). Because of its low cost and efficacy, it quickly became a first-line treatment for scabies and head lice, but not long after its use became widespread, its safety was called into question, ...
Martínez-Lage Juan F - - 2011
AIM: This study aims to report a patient with Chiari type 1 malformation (CM1) occurring in the context of pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a (PHP-Ia) that we believe represents the first instance of this association in the current literature. CASE REPORT: The authors describe the case of a 6-year-old girl diagnosed with ...
Shakarian Paulo - - 2011
Evolutionary graph theory (EGT), studies the ability of a mutant gene to overtake a finite structured population. In this review, we describe the original framework for EGT and the major work that has followed it. This review looks at the calculation of the "fixation probability" - the probability of a ...
Gludovacz Karoy - - 2011
Abstract Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a rare but life-threatening disease characterized by multi system telangiectasias and arteriovenous malformations (AVM). Complications in adults have been reported extensively, but neonatal (NN) complications have only been published in incidental case reports. In this paper, we present a literature review on NN pulmonary ...
Marques Kevin A - - 2011
Abstract Breast stimulation can produce contractions in a contraction stress test and has been considered for the augmentation of labor and prevention of postpartum hemorrhage. We present a case of intravenous access of a mammary vein in an obstetric patient that led to uterine hyperstimulation. Potential dangers of mammary vein ...
Joukhadar Rene - - 2011
The diagnosis of a sellar plasmacytoma is often missed and is mistaken for a non functioning pituitary adenoma. We reviewed the literature on reported cases of sellar plasmacytoma in order to identify its clinical presentation, laboratory, radiological and pathological characteristics. We describe the management of these cases after the correct ...
Lalloo D - - 2012
Peer review is widely used in the selection and publication of scientific research. Its application in clinical practice is emerging, particularly with increased emphasis on clinical governance and the imminent introduction of revalidation. To formalize our peer review process of occupational health (OH) reports and formally assess the outcomes of ...
Keith Julia - - 2011
JC virus (JCV) granular neuronopathy remains an under-appreciated phenomenon whereby JCV inhabits neurons in the granular layer of the cerebellum causing neuronal loss, gliosis and a clinical cerebellar syndrome. The following case describes a man with sarcoidosis and idiopathic leukopenia who developed a clinical cerebellar syndrome due to JCV granular ...
Brent Jeffrey - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The objective of this study was to assess whether high-dose paraquat exposure was associated with the development of parkinsonism. METHODS:: We carried out a systematic review of all published cases of paraquat toxicity meeting a case-definition of paraquat poisoning and who either recovered or lived for at least 30 ...
Ahmed Abdalla Awadalla - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Alcaligenes xylosoxidans can result in opportunistic infections in patients who are immunocompromised. Alcaligenes xylosoxidans keratitis is a rare infection, almost always occurring in a compromised cornea. Few reported cases have occurred as contact lens-induced keratitis. The purposes of this report are to report a case of A. xylosoxidans keratitis ...
Sahu Srikant Kumar SK Cornea and Anterior segment Services, Proff Brien Holden Eye Research Center, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Bhubaneswar, Patia, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, 751024, India, - - 2012
This study aims to describe the clinical features and management of Nocardia scleritis. The authors retrospectively reviewed medical charts of three patients with microbiologically proven Nocardia scleritis and reviewed literature. All the patients presented with areas of well-demarcated, circumscribed abscess. No specific clinical feature could be attributed to the causative ...
Manandhar Anu - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Seasonal hyperacute panuveitis (SHAPU), a mysterious disease of Nepal, has increased the burden of childhood blindness ever since it was described in 1975. Although moths are suspected as the cause, this source is not yet proven. The management of this disease is still not well outlined. This ...
Newell D G - - 2011
The prevention and control of Campylobacter colonization of poultry flocks are important public health strategies for the control of human campylobacteriosis. A critical review of the literature on interventions to control Campylobacter in poultry on farms was undertaken using a systematic approach. Although the focus of the review was on ...
Krinsky Clarissa S - - 2011
Since its approval in the United States, fentanyl has become increasingly popular for the medical management of pain and as a substance of abuse. Fentanyl is unique among the opioids in its widespread use with a transdermal delivery system, which contributes to its unique pharmacokinetics and abuse potential. We examined ...
Zhao Xi - - 2011
The application of fluorous phosphine-modified catalysts for the hydroformylation of olefins is reviewed.
Dan-Goor Eric - - 2012
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a common cause of vertigo. We describe a case of a woman presenting acutely with a severe episode of disabling positional vertigo. Although she had no known etiologic risk factors, this attack followed 12 hours of continuously wearing digital noise-canceling headphones. This is the ...
Wong Janice C - - 2011
Background/Aims: We review the characteristics of adult-onset leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids and pigmented glia(ALSP) and determine prevalence of behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) features in ALSP. Methods: Clinical and pathological information was abstracted from histopathologically confirmed ALSP cases identified by a systematic literature search. A new case of ALSP ...
Jost Timothy Stoltzfus - - 2011
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has been under attack in the federal courts for the entire 18 months of its existence. Approximately 30 lawsuits have been filed challenging the law, and review by the Supreme Court by June 2012 now appears likely, given the government's petition for such review filed ...
Ryan Richella - - 2011
Corticosteroids have been effective in the management of cerebral oedema, in the context of brain tumours, for many decades. Though their effectiveness is well-established, this needs to be balanced against their potential to cause significant side effects. There is currently little consensus in the literature about how this should be ...
Ridder Kelly - - 2011
  In 1996 el Darouti and Abu el Ela described seven Egyptian patients with similar cutaneous lesions and proposed necrolytic acral erythema (NAE) as a distinct entity of the necrolytic erythema family. Since then, NAE has emerged as a cutaneous manifestation of hepatitis C virus infection and taken its place ...
Garcia-Rodriguez Laura - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Extranasopharyngeal angiofibromas (ENA) arising from the nasal septum or nasal septal angiofibromas are extremely rare; only 13 such cases have been reported in the international literature. Our objective is to describe the presentation, workup, and surgical management of these lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Case reports were done. SETTING: The setting ...
Marx F J - - 2011
Background & Objectives:  For many years it has been Buschke & Loewenstein's work that has justified calling the exophytic, locally destructive tumor of the anogenital mucosal surface "giant condyloma of Buschke & Loewenstein" or GCBL. In order to investigate the early history of this rare disease we examine the writings ...
Kingon A - - 2011
Higher concentration dental local anaesthetics (3% and 4%) have become more available in Australia in recent years. Benefits claimed include a faster onset of anaesthesia and improved success with injections compared to 2% solutions. Recent reports suggest that the higher concentration carries a greater risk of prolonged anaesthesia to the ...
Kalokhe Gauri - - 2011
Extracranial metastases from glioblastoma (GBM) are uncommon with an estimated incidence of less than 2%. We report two cases of metastatic GBM seen within an 8-week period followed by a literature review. We attempted to identify common factors or a causative mechanism. Factors that predominated among the reviewed cases included ...
Vitalone Annabella - - 2011
AIM: To describe and evaluate spontaneous reports of suspected adverse reactions (ARs) associated with herbal laxatives received by the Italian Medicines Agency and the Italian National Institute of Health between April 2002 and January 2011. METHODS: Spontaneous reports of suspected ARs were individually analyzed by a multidisciplinary group of experts, ...
Hong Young-Ho - - 2011
The reasons behind sudden sensorineural hearing loss are mostly unknown, but viral infections, blood disorders, ototoxicity, noise trauma, autoimmune disease, acoustic tumor, and even mental stress may be related to the disease. In cases of hearing loss as a result of psychogenic factors, early diagnosis and adequate treatment under collaboration ...
Tripathy Sujit-Kumar - - 2011
Bilateral shoulder dislocations are rare and almost always occur in the posterior direction. Simultaneous bilateral anterior shoulder dislocation is even rarer and only a few cases are stated in the literature. The most interesting part of a bilateral shoulder dislocation is about its injury mechanism as a synchronous and simultaneous ...
Pillon Agnesa - - 2011
There are very numerous reports in the neuropsychological literature of patients showing, in naming and/or comprehension tasks, a disproportionate deficit for nouns in comparison with verbs or a disproportionate deficit for verbs in comparison with nouns. A number of authors advanced that, in at least some or even in every ...
Liu J Y - - 2011
Lingual osteomas are extremely rare. Fewer than 100 cases have been reported in the medical literature. This article reports a case of lingual osteoma, together with a literature review of its clinical features and pathogenesis so as to enhance our understanding of this unusual osseous lesion.
Ziaei Mohammed - - 2011
Orbital cysticercosis is secondary to an infestation by cysticercus cellulosae, the larval form of Taenia solium.Orbital cysticercosis may present with a wide spectrum of clinical findings and result in significant ocular morbidity. Although traditionally thought to be only prevalent in endemic regions with poor sanitation, immigration requires even ophthalmologists practicing ...
Albuquerque Andreia - - 2011
Metastatic cutaneous Crohn's disease is one of the most uncommon cutaneous extraintestinal manifestations. The face is the rarest location, with only eight cases described in the literature. We report a rare case of a young man with Crohn's disease and two granulomatous lesions on the face in a nodular form. ...
Santoro Silvina G - - 2011
Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a multi-system necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis which classically affects the upper respiratory tract, lungs and kidneys. Pituitary participation has been described in 24 patients in the literature to date. The aim of this article is to report a case of pituitary involvement in WG, and to present ...
Ogunbode A M - - 2011
Obesity is rapidly becoming an emerging disease in developing countries due to the increasing westernization of societies and change in the lifestyle. The etiology of obesity is said to be multifactorial, with a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Literature has been extensively reviewed to provide a broad overview of ...
Lynch Liam - - 2011
A recent report, produced for the Department of Health and Children, suggested that inappropriate payments in the Dental Treatment Services Scheme may be above 10%. To review past publications on the topic of inappropriate payments in the DTSS and compare their conclusions and methodologies to that of the recent report. ...
Alexander Mariam P - - 2011
Heavy chain deposition disease (HCDD) is a comparatively recently described entity characterized by glomerular and tubular basement membrane deposition of monoclonal heavy chains without associated light chains. To our knowledge, review of the literature shows only 24 previously reported cases of HCDD with unequivocal evidence of monoclonal heavy chain deposition ...
Fulop Sean A - - 2011
The purpose of these acoustical patent reviews is to provide enough information for a Journal reader to decide whether to seek more information from the patent itself. Any opinions expressed here are those of the reviewers as individuals and are not legal opinions. Printed copies of United States Patents may ...
Chou Yen-Ting - - 2011
Pure word deafness (PWD) is a rare disorder characterized by impaired verbal comprehension sparing discrimination and recognition of nonverbal sounds with relatively normal spontaneous speech, writing, and reading comprehension. Etiologies of this syndrome are varied, and there are rare reports about brain tumor with PWD in children. We report a ...
Naiditch Jessica A - - 2011
Uterine leiomyoma is the most common uterine tumor in adult females but is rare in the pediatric population with only 10 previous cases reported. We describe the unique case of a 15-year-old girl who presented with abdominal pain and menometrorrhagia and was found to have a uterine leiomyoma as well ...
Jewanski Jörg - - 2011
The first case of synesthesia was reported in 1812 ( Jewanski, Day, & Ward, 2009 ). However, it took almost seven decades before the idea of synesthesia entered the mainstream of science and, subsequently, art. There are no known new cases described between 1812 and 1848, but in the following ...
Kheirandish Pejman - - 2011
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Stuttering priapism is a form of ischemic priapism which mainly affects sickle cell patients. Despite recent advances in understanding the aetiology and pathophysiology of this condition, no credible evidence-based management strategy has been produced to this date. In this ...
Bradford David T - - 2011
This study is an 11-part investigation of the psychology and neuropsychology of early Christian asceticism as represented by Evagrius Ponticus (AD 345-399), the tradition's first ascetical theologian and possibly its mosfinfluential. Evagrius's biography is reviewed in the first section. The living circuinstaii and perceptual consequences of desert asceticism are considered ...
Rawat Jagdish - - 2011
Intrathoracic teratoma usually occurs in the mediastinum but rarely, these may originate from the lung. We report a case of an intrapulmonary teratoma in a 34-year-old male.
Luk S Y - - 2011
Sacrococcygeal teratoma is one of the most common tumours in infants but rare in adults. We present a case of sacrococcygeal teratoma in a female adult. The clinical presentation, radiological and histological findings, management, and outcome are described.
Munding J - - 2011
Solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs) are rare pancreatic tumors. They occur most frequently in young females and are often diagnosed accidentally. SPNs are characterized by an excellent clinical outcome. In our case series the clinical course, pathohistological data and clinical outcome of eight patients (7 female patients, 1 male patient) with ...
Hussain Sarwat - - 2011
The aims of this paper are to describe addenda to radiology reports and to discuss the communication gaps in radiology addenda reaching referring physicians. The authors examine impediments to compliance with an addendum policy and suggest possible solutions. A total of 62,500 radiology reports were reviewed to analyze the occurrence ...
Rogers True L - - 2011
This three-part review has been developed following the evaluation of literature where ethylcellulose, methylcellulose, or hypromellose was used to make microcapsules. Parts 1 and 2 of the review are published in separate papers. Part 1 covers the various materials used to formulate microcapsules, and Part 2 covers the various techniques ...
Chen Chia-Chun - - 2011
Gelastic seizures are rare and are associated with different conditions, but mainly with hypothalamic hamartoma. We report on a boy who presented with mental retardation, aggressive behavior, and generalized tonic-clonic and gelastic seizures. Cranial imaging studies revealed a very rare combination of hypothalamic hamartoma and agenesis of the corpus callosum, ...
Palazzo Francesco - - 2011
Achalasia is an esophageal motility disorder for which the pathophysiology is only partially known for the idiopathic subtype. Many factors are known to be involved with the development of secondary achalasia. Neurofibromatosis is one of the most common autosomal dominant conditions affecting the nervous system, and 25% of those with ...
Auriemma Matteo - - 2011
Cutaneous calciphylaxis is a potentially fatal condition characterized by calcium deposition in dermal arterioles and the subsequent development of livedo reticularis, plaques, and extremely painful ulcers. This condition may be present in up to 4% of end-stage renal disease patients. Several treatments, which mainly attempt to control calcium phosphate metabolism, ...
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