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Results 251 - 300 of 1761
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Majumder Shounak - - 2011
Radiological evidence of presence of air or gas within the stomach wall is termed "gastric pneumatosis" and is considered an ominous sign. However, the etiological associations range from benign self-limiting causes to life-threatening emergencies. The authors report the case of gastric pneumatosis in a 34-year-old man who presented to the ...
Owen Cathy - - 2011
Objective. To compare the uptake of peer review among interns in mandatory and voluntary peer-review programs. Population. All first and second year graduates (n=105) in two Australian hospitals. Main outcome measures. Completion of peer review, and reported responses by doctors to peer review. Results. Eight of sixty interns undertaking the ...
Gordon Katherine A - - 2011
Trachyonychia or rough nails, may present as an idiopathic disorder of the nails or it can be associated with other dermatological conditions. The dystrophic nail findings seen in trachyonychia are characterized by brittle, thin nails, with excessive longitudinal ridging. The most common histopathologic features associated with trachyonychia are spongiosis and ...
Edwards Marc T - - 2011
The chief sources of bias in peer review include the clinical outcome and the reviewer. But there are ways to mitigate any bias.
Deem Samuel - - 2011
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Penile cancer is a rare malignancy with limited evidence to support most treatment recommendations. No randomised controlled trials have been published and few recommendations are available for guiding management. However, evidence-based guidelines are currently available through the European Association ...
Bélénotti Pauline - - 2011
Inferior vena cava filter placement is performed to prevent pulmonary risk secondary to deep venous thrombosis. Indications for this treatment are limited to patients experiencing recurrences under well-managed anticoagulant treatment or presenting with contraindication to anticoagulant treatment. Nowadays, as these clinical situations are rare, this device is less and less ...
Molvi Shaba N - - 2011
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the uterus is a rare cause of menorrhagia and may at times lead to life-threatening hemorrhage. The clinical findings may not always be reliable in the diagnosis of uterine AVM, and a high index of suspicion is important because, unlike many other causes of menorrhagia, curettage ...
Alberts Bruce - - 2011
The Report "Coping with chaos: How disordered contexts promote stereotyping and discrimination" by D. A. Stapel and S. Lindenberg [Science 332, 251 (2011)] reported the effects of the physical environment on human stereotyping and discriminatory behavior. On 31 October 2011, Tilburg University held a press conference to announce interim findings ...
Rich Rebecca L - - 2011
We took a different approach to reviewing the commercial biosensor literature this year by inviting 22 biosensor users to serve as a review committee. They set the criteria for what to expect in a publication and ultimately decided to use a pass/fail system for selecting which papers to include in ...
Sarji Rawa - - 2011
Transradial cardiac catheterization is an exciting technique that has many advantages over the traditional femoral approach. Most importantly it is a safe option for PCI with potential same day discharge for uncomplicated cases. Despite its advantages, some challenges may be encountered with the transradial approach. After arterial access and spasm, ...
Dutton Jonathan J - - 2011
To describe an unusual presentation of lipoblastomatosis and review the existing literature on lipoblastomatosis and lipoblastoma. Case report and literature review. A 9-year-old girl was originally diagnosed as having preseptal cellulitis. After failure of systemic therapy, a CT scan showed a mass in the orbit. Biopsy of the lesion confirmed ...
Wang Z J - - 2011
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare autoimmune disease that affects cartilage throughout the body, causing episodic and progressive inflammation. Although rare, RP has diverse acute and subacute nervous system complications, which may sometimes precede systemic manifestations. Here, we report four patients with RP who presented with meningoencephalitis or meningitis without ...
Schwartz Kevin L - - 2011
Neonatal appendicitis (NA) is a rare disease with a high mortality. The diagnosis has never been reported preoperatively and is notoriously difficult to make. Charts since 1995 were retrospectively reviewed for discharge or death diagnoses of appendicitis in neonates younger than 28 days. We report 3 cases of NA seen ...
Higgins James P - - 2011
Since its first clinical description by Marco Godina in 1986, the technique of temporary ectopic banking of amputated parts has been employed in a growing body of reported cases. This installment provides a review of the reported cases in the international literature to date, focusing on our evolving understanding of ...
Amoo G - - 2011
Many subjects with dementia present primarily to neuropsychiatric practices because of behavioural and psychological symptoms (BPSD). This study reviewed the profile of clinically-diagnosed dementias and BPSD seen in a pioneer neuropsychiatric practice in Abeokuta, southwestern Nigeria over a ten year period (January1998 - December 2007). A review of hospital records ...
Hansen Christine - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: The objectives of this study were to systematically review the literature available on the complementary approach to healing known as Bowenwork(?) and to examine reported research methods. Methods: To the authors' knowledge, an exhaustive search of the computerized databases from the known scientific community on all available published ...
Gogacz M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To date, a limited number of endometriosis cases occurring before or around the time of menarche have been documented. CASE: An 11-year-old adolescent underwent an emergency operation for left ovarian endometrioma. Her menarche occurred spontaneously 6 months after surgery. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: We discuss the above mentioned case and ...
Nelius Thomas - - 2011
To provide quantitative and qualitative data that will assist evidence-based decision making for men and women with genital piercings (GP) when they present to urologists in ambulatory clinics or office settings. Currently many persons with GP seek nonmedical advice. A comprehensive 35-year (1975-2010) longitudinal electronic literature search (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, ...
Arterburn David - - 2011
Background/Aims The purpose of this study was to develop a protocol using electronic medical records to identify cases of extreme weight gain (EWG) among adult users of atypical antipsychotics for future pharmacogenomics research. Methods We used literature reviews and input from an expert panel to develop a working phenotype definition ...
Cartee Todd V - - 2011
Every state requires diagnosing physicians to report new cases of melanoma to its central cancer registry. Previous regional studies and anecdotal experience suggest that few dermatologists are cognizant of this obligation. This oversight could result in a large number of unreported melanomas annually and, in turn, US melanoma statistics that markedly ...
Buijze Geert A - - 2011
PURPOSE: The interpretation of scaphoid anatomy and kinematics is confusing and controversial. This results from a lack of consensus on the anatomy of the ligaments attaching to the scaphoid and an overwhelming variety of substantially different anatomic descriptions and classification systems of the wrist joint in the literature. The present ...
Patel Deepan N - - 2011
We reviewed 11 cases of luxatio erecta (inferior shoulder dislocation) managed acutely at our institutions to gain insight into the diagnostic and management principles of this condition. We then compared our findings with those in the current literature. Luxatio erecta requires careful clinical and radiographic evaluation and a high index ...
Schmidt Robert L - - 2011
We conducted a systematic literature review using MEDLINE and Embase to identify articles on diagnostic accuracy of frozen section (FS) for salivary gland lesions published between January 1, 1985, and December 31, 2010. We also reviewed the reference lists of all identified articles and conducted a forward search using Scopus ...
Fulop Sean A - - 2011
The purpose of these acoustical patent reviews is to provide enough information for a Journal reader to decide whether to seek more information from the patent itself. Any opinions expressed here are those of the reviewers as individuals and are not legal opinions. Printed copies of United States Patents may ...
Li Kayi - - 2011
Background:Modern-age technology is increasingly implicated in traditional dermatologic conditions.Objective:This review provides a concise overview of the cutaneous manifestations from modern technology use.Methods:We describe a case of laptop computer-induced erythema ab igne and provide a review of the literature pertaining to the etiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and management of reported cases ...
Rogers Derek J - - 2011
Generalized enchondromatosis, of which Ollier disease is the most common type, is a rare bone dysplasia characterized by multiple intraosseous tumors near growth-plate cartilage. These cartilaginous tumors have a propensity to transform into chondrosarcomas. Enchondromas of the skull base are exceedingly rare. We present the case of a patient with ...
Deng Runzhi - - 2011
ABSTRACT: We describe a case of massive osteolysis (MO) of the mandible and review related literature. Massive osteolysis in the craniofacial region is a rare condition characterized by progressive absorption of involved bones leading to craniofacial deformities. Currently, the cause and pathophysiology of MO are unclear, and its management or ...
Thakur Jai Deep - - 2011
Postpartum cerebral angiopathy (PPCA) is a rare form of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome. A 39-year-old female presented with a 5×6 cm left frontal intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and following an emergent neurosurgical evacuation of ICH, she developed a contralateral ICH and intraventricular hemorrhage. Her postoperative course was highlighted by the finding ...
Qian Xiaohua - - 2011
Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) is an uncommon and mostly indolent soft tissue neoplasm, which usually occurs in the subcutaneous tissue of the extremities in children and young adults. Although the histologic features of AFH are well established, reports of its cytomorphology are very limited. This report characterizes the cytomorphologic features ...
Shorey Ryan C - - 2011
Dating violence is a serious and prevalent problem among college-aged dating couples. Although substance use has been shown to be associated with dating violence among college students in empirical studies, the use of substances as they relate to dating violence has yet to be systematically reviewed. The purpose of the ...
Park Hyon Ju - - 2011
Rheumatologists are often consulted regarding both typical and atypical vasculitides, vasculopathies, and hypercoagulability. It is important to keep in mind that all of these can come from neoplastic or paraneoplastic causes. In these cases, the treatment must focus on treating the underlying malignancy rather than aggressive immunosuppression. This article focuses ...
Stanbro Marcus - - 2011
Carotidynia (unilateral neck pain reproducible with light pressure on the carotid artery) is a controversial and poorly understood vascular condition. This review provides important historical information, several representative case reports, and a comprehensive summary of the literature. The authors also propose an algorithm for the care of these patients.
Alcantara Joel - - 2011
In addition to impacting the affected child and his/her family's quality of life, recent estimates place the lifetime cost for an individual with ASD at $3.2 million and $35 billion for the entire birth cohort. Given the clinical heterogeneity of ASD, treatment approaches are multidisciplinary including alternative therapies, particularly when ...
Kelly Aine Marie - - 2011
This article outlines the first three steps involved in performing a critically appraised topic for studies of diagnostic tests: Ask, formulate a question; Search, search the literature; and Apply, apply a level of evidence to the retrieved literature. Critically appraised topics provide a structured approach to formulating a clinical question, ...
Yun Sook Jung - - 2011
Kissing or divided nevi are similar in shape to congenital melanocytic nevi located on an adjacent part of the body that are separated during embryogenesis. Kissing nevi of the upper and lower eyelids have been reported infrequently since the first report in 1908. Kissing nevi of the penis are very ...
Farnum Cornelia E - - 2011
Two positional characteristics of the ciliary axoneme--its location on the plasma membrane as it emerges from the cell, and its orientation in three-dimensional (3D) space--are known to be critical for optimal function of actively motile cilia (including nodal cilia), as well as for modified cilia associated with special senses. However, ...
Akbulut Sami - - 2012
Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a chronic, multisystemic disease of unknown etiology characterized by necrotizing vasculitis and granulomatous inflammation. WG primarily involves the upper and lower respiratory tract and kidneys, but it may also affect multiple other organs or tissues, including the gastrointestinal system. Gastrointestinal involvement is an extremely rare manifestation ...
Aktüre E - - 2011
Ganglioneuromas (GNs) are well-differentiated, slow-growing, benign tumors that are quite rare and usually found in the posterior mediastinum and retroperitoneum. They are composed of ganglion and Schwann cells and their origin remains in dispute. GNs have been reported as intraosseous lesions, such as in temporal and orbital bones. There are ...
Kauling Ana Laura Colle AL Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brazil. - - 2011
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune neurologic disease that affects the postsynaptic portion of the neuromuscular junction. It represents a challenge for anesthesiologists due to the diversity of disease manifestations and possibility of postoperative respiratory complications. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the importance of adequate monitoring of ...
Khan Babar A BA Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, USA. - - 2011
To improve delirium recognition and care, numerous serum biomarkers have been investigated as potential tools for risk stratification, diagnosis, monitoring, and prognostication of delirium. The literature was reviewed, and no evidence was found to support the clinical use of any delirium biomarker, although certain biomarkers such as S-100 beta and ...
Hassan Anhar A Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2011
Corticobasal syndrome (CBS), once thought to be pathognomonic for corticobasal degeneration pathology, is increasingly reported with various underlying pathologies. Alzheimer's disease is one such pathology, also once believed to be unique for its clinical syndrome of dementia of the Alzheimer's type. CBS is believed to result from topography of asymmetric ...
Lee Michael R MR Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 72535, - - 2011
Few operations in plastic surgery have generated as much discussion and debate as that of rhinoplasty. The aim of this review is to explore the existing body of literature with regard to techniques addressing the nasal dorsum. The authors' attempt was to isolate those articles providing either retrospective or prospective ...
Femitha P - - 2011
Frank-Ter Haar syndrome is an unusual type of skeletal dysplasia with megalocornea and developmental delay. It is usually transmitted as autosomal recessive disorder. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature and none from India. The authors report a case with other unusual features and a short review ...
Chippaux Jean-Philippe - - 2011
Snakebites are rare medical emergency cases in Europe but may sometimes be severe and lead to complications. A better knowledge of snakebite epidemiology may help health authorities to better understand therapeutic requirements, especially concerning antivenoms, and thus improve treatment of snakebite. An extensive literature search for studies and articles published ...
Branco Luis M - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Correction After publication of this work [Branco et al: Virology Journal 2011, 8:404], we noted that we inadvertently failed to include the complete list of all coauthors. The full list of authors has now been added and the Authors' contributions and Competing interests section modified accordingly. Competing interests The ...
Al-Harthy Abdullah - - 2011
Blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI) have been a topic of interest to many researchers worldwide as evidenced by the vast amount of available literature. The interest in these rare injuries is probably due to the significant possibility of mortality and morbidity amongst patients who sustain them, when the employment of radiological ...
Lowe Gregory - - 2011
Introduction.  To ensure public safety all Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved medications undergo postapproval safety analysis. Phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors (PDE5-i) are generally regarded as safe and effective. Aim.  We performed a nonindustry-sponsored analysis of FDA reports for sildenafil, tadalafil, and vardenafil to evaluate the reported cardiovascular and mortality events over ...
Abeloos Laurence - - 2011
Chondromas are unusual tumors that arise from the base of the skull and have a predilection for the spheno-ethmoidal region. Chondromas represent less than 0.5% of all intracranial tumors. In rare instances, these tumors originate from the dura mater of the convexity. Fewer than 30 cases of dural chondromas arising ...
Srisawat Nattachai - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical syndrome whose definition has standardized as a result of consensus by leading experts around the world. As a result of these definitions, reported AKI incidences can now be compared across different populations and settings. Evidence from population-based studies suggests ...
Colecchi Catia - - 2011
Placental Site Trophoblastic Tumor (PSTT) is a rare form of Gestational Trophoblastic Disease (GTD). Approximately 200 cases have been reported in the literature. This disease has unpredictable biological behavior, whereas approximately 10-15% have clinically malignant evolution. We present the case of a 21-year old woman at first pregnancy without known ...
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