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Fulop Sean A - - 2011
The purpose of these acoustical patent reviews is to provide enough information for a Journal reader to decide whether to seek more information from the patent itself. Any opinions expressed here are those of the reviewers as individuals and are not legal opinions. Printed copies of United States Patents may ...
Lee Michael R - - 2011
Few operations in plastic surgery have generated as much discussion and debate as that of rhinoplasty. The aim of this review is to explore the existing body of literature with regard to techniques addressing the nasal dorsum. The authors' attempt was to isolate those articles providing either retrospective or prospective ...
Li Kayi - - 2011
Background:Modern-age technology is increasingly implicated in traditional dermatologic conditions.Objective:This review provides a concise overview of the cutaneous manifestations from modern technology use.Methods:We describe a case of laptop computer-induced erythema ab igne and provide a review of the literature pertaining to the etiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and management of reported cases ...
Rogers Derek J - - 2011
Generalized enchondromatosis, of which Ollier disease is the most common type, is a rare bone dysplasia characterized by multiple intraosseous tumors near growth-plate cartilage. These cartilaginous tumors have a propensity to transform into chondrosarcomas. Enchondromas of the skull base are exceedingly rare. We present the case of a patient with ...
Deng Runzhi - - 2011
ABSTRACT: We describe a case of massive osteolysis (MO) of the mandible and review related literature. Massive osteolysis in the craniofacial region is a rare condition characterized by progressive absorption of involved bones leading to craniofacial deformities. Currently, the cause and pathophysiology of MO are unclear, and its management or ...
Thakur Jai Deep - - 2011
Postpartum cerebral angiopathy (PPCA) is a rare form of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome. A 39-year-old female presented with a 5×6 cm left frontal intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and following an emergent neurosurgical evacuation of ICH, she developed a contralateral ICH and intraventricular hemorrhage. Her postoperative course was highlighted by the finding ...
Qian Xiaohua - - 2011
Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) is an uncommon and mostly indolent soft tissue neoplasm, which usually occurs in the subcutaneous tissue of the extremities in children and young adults. Although the histologic features of AFH are well established, reports of its cytomorphology are very limited. This report characterizes the cytomorphologic features ...
Shorey Ryan C - - 2011
Dating violence is a serious and prevalent problem among college-aged dating couples. Although substance use has been shown to be associated with dating violence among college students in empirical studies, the use of substances as they relate to dating violence has yet to be systematically reviewed. The purpose of the ...
Park Hyon Ju - - 2011
Rheumatologists are often consulted regarding both typical and atypical vasculitides, vasculopathies, and hypercoagulability. It is important to keep in mind that all of these can come from neoplastic or paraneoplastic causes. In these cases, the treatment must focus on treating the underlying malignancy rather than aggressive immunosuppression. This article focuses ...
Stanbro Marcus - - 2011
Carotidynia (unilateral neck pain reproducible with light pressure on the carotid artery) is a controversial and poorly understood vascular condition. This review provides important historical information, several representative case reports, and a comprehensive summary of the literature. The authors also propose an algorithm for the care of these patients.
Alcantara Joel - - 2011
In addition to impacting the affected child and his/her family's quality of life, recent estimates place the lifetime cost for an individual with ASD at $3.2 million and $35 billion for the entire birth cohort. Given the clinical heterogeneity of ASD, treatment approaches are multidisciplinary including alternative therapies, particularly when ...
Kelly Aine Marie - - 2011
This article outlines the first three steps involved in performing a critically appraised topic for studies of diagnostic tests: Ask, formulate a question; Search, search the literature; and Apply, apply a level of evidence to the retrieved literature. Critically appraised topics provide a structured approach to formulating a clinical question, ...
Yun Sook Jung - - 2011
Kissing or divided nevi are similar in shape to congenital melanocytic nevi located on an adjacent part of the body that are separated during embryogenesis. Kissing nevi of the upper and lower eyelids have been reported infrequently since the first report in 1908. Kissing nevi of the penis are very ...
Farnum Cornelia E - - 2011
Two positional characteristics of the ciliary axoneme--its location on the plasma membrane as it emerges from the cell, and its orientation in three-dimensional (3D) space--are known to be critical for optimal function of actively motile cilia (including nodal cilia), as well as for modified cilia associated with special senses. However, ...
Hassan Anhar - - 2011
Corticobasal syndrome (CBS), once thought to be pathognomonic for corticobasal degeneration pathology, is increasingly reported with various underlying pathologies. Alzheimer's disease is one such pathology, also once believed to be unique for its clinical syndrome of dementia of the Alzheimer's type. CBS is believed to result from topography of asymmetric ...
Khan Babar A - - 2011
To improve delirium recognition and care, numerous serum biomarkers have been investigated as potential tools for risk stratification, diagnosis, monitoring, and prognostication of delirium. The literature was reviewed, and no evidence was found to support the clinical use of any delirium biomarker, although certain biomarkers such as S-100 beta and ...
Akbulut Sami - - 2012
Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a chronic, multisystemic disease of unknown etiology characterized by necrotizing vasculitis and granulomatous inflammation. WG primarily involves the upper and lower respiratory tract and kidneys, but it may also affect multiple other organs or tissues, including the gastrointestinal system. Gastrointestinal involvement is an extremely rare manifestation ...
Aktüre E - - 2011
Ganglioneuromas (GNs) are well-differentiated, slow-growing, benign tumors that are quite rare and usually found in the posterior mediastinum and retroperitoneum. They are composed of ganglion and Schwann cells and their origin remains in dispute. GNs have been reported as intraosseous lesions, such as in temporal and orbital bones. There are ...
Kauling Ana Laura Colle AL Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brazil. - - 2011
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune neurologic disease that affects the postsynaptic portion of the neuromuscular junction. It represents a challenge for anesthesiologists due to the diversity of disease manifestations and possibility of postoperative respiratory complications. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the importance of adequate monitoring of ...
Femitha P - - 2011
Frank-Ter Haar syndrome is an unusual type of skeletal dysplasia with megalocornea and developmental delay. It is usually transmitted as autosomal recessive disorder. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature and none from India. The authors report a case with other unusual features and a short review ...
Chippaux Jean-Philippe - - 2011
Snakebites are rare medical emergency cases in Europe but may sometimes be severe and lead to complications. A better knowledge of snakebite epidemiology may help health authorities to better understand therapeutic requirements, especially concerning antivenoms, and thus improve treatment of snakebite. An extensive literature search for studies and articles published ...
Branco Luis M - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Correction After publication of this work [Branco et al: Virology Journal 2011, 8:404], we noted that we inadvertently failed to include the complete list of all coauthors. The full list of authors has now been added and the Authors' contributions and Competing interests section modified accordingly. Competing interests The ...
Al-Harthy Abdullah - - 2011
Blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI) have been a topic of interest to many researchers worldwide as evidenced by the vast amount of available literature. The interest in these rare injuries is probably due to the significant possibility of mortality and morbidity amongst patients who sustain them, when the employment of radiological ...
Lowe Gregory - - 2011
Introduction.  To ensure public safety all Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved medications undergo postapproval safety analysis. Phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors (PDE5-i) are generally regarded as safe and effective. Aim.  We performed a nonindustry-sponsored analysis of FDA reports for sildenafil, tadalafil, and vardenafil to evaluate the reported cardiovascular and mortality events over ...
Abeloos Laurence - - 2011
Chondromas are unusual tumors that arise from the base of the skull and have a predilection for the spheno-ethmoidal region. Chondromas represent less than 0.5% of all intracranial tumors. In rare instances, these tumors originate from the dura mater of the convexity. Fewer than 30 cases of dural chondromas arising ...
Srisawat Nattachai - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical syndrome whose definition has standardized as a result of consensus by leading experts around the world. As a result of these definitions, reported AKI incidences can now be compared across different populations and settings. Evidence from population-based studies suggests ...
Colecchi Catia - - 2011
Placental Site Trophoblastic Tumor (PSTT) is a rare form of Gestational Trophoblastic Disease (GTD). Approximately 200 cases have been reported in the literature. This disease has unpredictable biological behavior, whereas approximately 10-15% have clinically malignant evolution. We present the case of a 21-year old woman at first pregnancy without known ...
Adeleye Amos O - - 2011
The occurrence of cerebral pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) in individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is very rare. We present a 10-year-old Nigerian boy with NF1 who was found to harbor a thalamic-lateral ventricular solid mass lesion whose histologic and immunohistochemical findings were in keeping with PXA. We also carried out ...
Hadjinicolaou Andreas V - - 2011
Lung disease is commonly encountered in rheumatological practice either as a manifestation of the underlying condition or as a consequence of using disease-modifying therapies. This has been particularly apparent with the TNF-α antagonists and exacerbations of interstitial lung disease (ILD). In view of this, we undertook a review of the ...
Fonollosa Alex - - 2011
Purpose: To describe a case of sarcoid uveitis subsequent to anti-TNFα therapy and review previously reported cases. Methods: Review of the clinical records of the authors' patient and of the literature using the PubMed database. Results: A 30-year-old woman presented with intermediate uveitis with snowballs in both eyes. She was ...
Okur Mesut - - 2011
The most common form of isolated thrombocytopenia is idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) in childhood. Hence, pediatricians consider a possible diagnosis of ITP in patients with isolated thrombocytopenia who are admitted to hospital with complaints of skin findings such as petechiae, purpura, and ecchymosis. It is well known that cobalamin deficiency ...
Verbeek Jos - - 2011
A single study rarely suffices to underpin treatment or policy decisions. This creates a strong imperative for systematic reviews. Authors of reviews need a method to synthesize the results of several studies, regardless of whether or which statistical method is used. In this article, we provide arguments for combining studies ...
- - 2011
We are revising the procedures for how claimants who receive fully favorable revised determinations based on prehearing case reviews or fully favorable attorney advisor decisions may seek further review. We are also revising our procedure to provide that we will notify claimants who receive partially favorable determinations based on prehearing ...
la Chapelle Cf - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: la Chapelle C, Schutte J, Schuitemaker N, Steegers E, van Roosmalen J. Maternal mortality attributable to vascular dissection and rupture in the Netherlands: a nationwide confidential enquiry. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03178.x. Objective  To determine the incidence of maternal deaths attributable to vascular dissection and rupture ...
Kadam Shilpa Deshmukh - - 2011
Edwardsiella Tarda, a bacterium associated with fresh water ecosystems, can cause life-threatening illnesses in susceptible hosts. To date, very few cases of neonatal Edwardsiella Tarda sepsis have been reported in the literature, none from India. The author reports a 4-d-old preterm with E. tarda septicemia.
Anderson Christopher L - - 2011
Study Design. A case of heterotopic ossification in the lumbar spine associated with the off label use of rhBMP-2 is reported.Objective. To highlight a previously unreported complication of rhBMP-2 use and to review literature pertinent to the topic.Summary of Background Data. There is no report in the literature regarding a ...
Ma Ellen H - - 2011
  Sweet's syndrome (SS) is an uncommon condition characterized by recurrent painful cutaneous inflammatory eruptions. It is rare in childhood and has a broad range of extracutaneous manifestations. We describe a child presenting with SS and postinflammatory elastolysis who subsequently developed aortitis complicated by aortic dilatation requiring surgical intervention. Histologic ...
Verlaan Jorrit-Jan - - 2011
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is a common but underdiagnosed condition relating to ossification of spinal ligaments that can cause compression of the esophagus and trachea. According to case reports, dysphagia or airway obstruction resulting from DISH is a rare occurrence. PURPOSE: This study was intended to identify ...
Norris Mark L - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on delirium and refeeding syndrome in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and present case examples in an attempt to identify common clinical features and response to therapy. METHOD: A comprehensive literature review was completed. In addition to the cases identified in the literature, we present ...
Nakamura Hiroki - - 2011
We report a male infant with severe brachioesophagus with intrathoracic stomach, duodenum, pancreas, and spleen associated with short neck because of rachischisis and scoliosis, an extremely rare condition described recently as "serpentine-like syndrome". Our case died and we review four similar cases reported in the English literature.
Fernandez Erica M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate current evidence for the use of lacosamide in the treatment of refractory status epilepticus.DATA SOURCES:Literature was accessed via PubMed (through July 2011) using the terms lacosamide and status epilepticus.STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION:All reports on the use of lacosamide in patients with status epilepticus were included for evaluation. ...
Rudmik Luke - - 2011
The practice of modern medicine is governed by evidence-based principles. Due to the plethora of medical literature, clinicians often rely on systematic reviews and clinical guidelines to summarize the evidence and provide best practices. Implementation of an evidence-based clinical approach can minimize variation in health care delivery and optimize the ...
Abdoh Mamoun - - 2011
Zonisamide is an antiseizure medication that is indicated for adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial seizures. This medication is rarely used in the United States. An infrequent adverse effect of psychosis occurs in about 2% of patients taking zonisamide. This is a case report of a 34-year-old male on ...
Tham Alex Chengyao - - 2011
The purpose of this paper was to analyse the causes, pathogenesis, diagnostic modalities and treatment outcomes of Microsporidial Kerato-Conjunctivitis (MKC). Microsporidia are increasingly recognized as opportunistic infectious pathogens in immunocompromised patients causing kerato-conjunctivitis. In the recent years, there has been a surge in reports of MKC in immunocompetent individuals presenting ...
Ismail Fatima Y - - 2011
In this review, we report a case of an adolescent girl presenting with epileptic encephalopathy preceded by febrile illness, demarcate the clinical phenotypic homogeneity among previously reported cases, and hypothesize on potential mechanisms based on current experimental evidence. Our literature review revealed >249 cases that share several main features: febrile ...
Mandel J S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews and evaluates two recent epidemiologic studies focused on pesticides, and in particular, paraquat as a cause of PD. Both studies are derived primarily from the Agricultural Health Study (AHS). A review and evaluation is also provided on the AHS and several additional studies of paraquat and ...
Tanioka Kosuke - - 2011
Nocardiosis is increasingly being diagnosed because of a growing population of immunocompromised hosts and improvements in the detection of Nocardia species in clinical laboratories. Historically, sulphonamides have been the first-line therapy for the treatment of nocardiosis, but sulphonamides tend to have a high rate of drug allergy in clinical settings. ...
Orioli Iêda M - - 2011
Sirenomelia is a very rare limb anomaly in which the normally paired lower limbs are replaced by a single midline limb. This study describes the prevalence, associated malformations, and maternal characteristics among cases with sirenomelia. Data originated from 19 birth defect surveillance system members of the International Clearinghouse for Birth ...
Botto Lorenzo D - - 2011
Acardia is a severe, complex malformation of monozygotic twinning, but beyond clinical case series, very few epidemiologic data are available. The goals of this study were to assess the epidemiologic characteristics of acardia from birth defect registries in the International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects Surveillance and Research (Clearinghouse), and compare ...
Doolan Amy W - - 2012
Mild traumatic brain injury in sports has become a significant public health concern which has not only received the general public's attention through multiple news media stories involving athletic concussions, but has also resulted in local, state, and national legislative efforts to improve recognition and management. The purpose of this ...
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