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Results 201 - 250 of 1752
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Schou Mette Pagh - - 2011
Following the December 2004 tsunami in Thailand experts from many countries, including Denmark, went to Thailand to help with identification work. The Interpol system for Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) was employed for the identification of the many casualties. This paper describes the work of the Danish teams in Thailand from ...
Marongiu A - - 2011
Single brain metastases from cervical carcinomas are rare. We report two cases of solitary brain metastases, showing different histological types, which have been excised with microsurgical technique. Neuroendocrine differentiation does not seem to be connected to clinical behavior, indeed a poor prognosis depends on poorly differentiated histological types. In our ...
Patil Bhimanagouda B Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Frenchay Hospital, Frenchay Park Road, Bristol, United - - 2012
Language disturbances manifesting as brief periods of speech arrest occur with seizures originating in the frontal or temporal lobes. These language disturbances are usually present with other features of seizures or may occur in an episodic fashion suggesting their likely epileptic origin. Sustained but reversible aphasia as the sole manifestation ...
Elms Autumn F - - 2011
To describe extreme hyperprolactinemia originating from a pituitary adenoma in the wall of an ovarian dermoid. This is a description of an unusual case and a review of ectopic prolactin production. Ectopic production of prolactin is a rare condition that has been reported in isolated organ system pathology including ovaries. ...
Trillo Fandiño L - - 2011
The rectal tonsil is a reactive proliferation of lymphoid tissue located in the rectum. The morphology of the lymphoid proliferation of the colon is usually polypoid or, less commonly, nodular. Only in exceptional cases does lymphoid proliferation of the colon present as a mass in the rectum (rectal tonsil), although ...
Khan Imad Saeed - - 2011
Intrasellar plasmacytoma is a rare pituitary pathology. Pre-operative diagnosis remains a challenge as a sellar plasmacytoma mimics a pituitary adenoma in clinical and radiological features. We report a 45-year-old woman, known to have multiple myeloma, presenting to our clinic with a pituitary mass eventually diagnosed as a plasmacytoma. We review ...
Sen Chandan K - - 2011
Scholarly peer review represents the linchpin of academic publishing. Recognized benefits of the peer review system are manifold. Critics raise several valid concerns that deserve attention. Several studies show that the current peer review system lacks robustness and is subject to bias in favor of well-established research groups and "mainstream" ...
Schabelman Esteban - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The prevailing teaching in medical school curricula and in medical textbooks is that if thiamine deficiency is suspected, thiamine supplementation should be given before administering glucose. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the published evidence describing the commonly held belief that thiamine supplementation must be given before glucose in hypoglycemic ...
Kunath Frank - - 2011
Introduction: Reporting guidelines aim to ensure adequate and complete reporting of clinical studies and are an indispensable tool to translate scientific results into clinical practice. The extent to which reporting guidelines are incorporated into the author instructions of journals publishing in the field of urology remained unclear. Materials and Methods: ...
Buelow Ben - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Liver rupture is a serious, life-threatening event that is commonly due to blunt abdominal trauma, which should be suspected in a patient who is unconscious or unable to communicate. We report an autopsy case of a 28-year-old woman with severe developmental delay who presented to the emergency department with ...
Wentz Frank J - - 2011
Young et al. (Reports, 22 April 2011, p. 451) reported trends in global mean wind speed much larger than found by other investigators. Their report fails to reference these other investigations and does not discuss the consequences that such large wind trends would have on global evaporation and precipitation. The ...
Young Lance Brendan - - 2012
A literature review was conducted to identify research into multiple-contact (i.e. extended) telemedicine interventions for substance-use disorder. The goals were: (1) to describe the methodology used to evaluate telemedicine interventions; (2) to identify the range of interventions which have been formally evaluated; and (3) to summarize the findings. Fourteen databases ...
Brackins Todd - - 2011
Methamphetamine (METH) use and dependence is a serious public health concern with implications across multiple areas from societal impact to burden on psychiatric and medical resources. An estimated 8% of admissions to substance abuse treatment programs are related to stimulants with METH/amphetamine abuse. To date, effective pharmacotherapy options to enhance ...
ter Heine R - - 2012
Erlotinib is an agent in the class of oral epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Although this class of agents is considered to be relatively safe, the most serious, but rare, adverse reaction is drug-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD). This potentially fatal adverse reaction has been often described ...
Mian Matthew K - - 2011
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) are known to occur in both sporadic and familial forms. To date, there has been no identified association of CCM with glioblastoma multiforme. We present a 69-year-old woman with a 14year history of multiple CCM who developed progressive aphasia. She had no radiation exposure and had ...
Agrawal Anurag K - - 2011
  Subcutaneous granuloma annulare (SGA) is a rarely reported subtype of granuloma annulare that occurs almost exclusively in children. The etiology of these lesions is unknown, although a possible relationship to insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) has been proposed in the literature. Here we present an unusual case of SGA on ...
Kini Yogesh K - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The posterior superior alveolar (PSA) nerve block is commonly used in dentistry for treatment of the maxillary molars. Although this procedure is associated with many complications, ocular complications have been rarely reported. CASE REPORT: This report details an iatrogenic paresis of the abducent nerve and partial palsy of the ...
González Ballester David - - 2011
Mucormycosis is a lethal fungal disease with a general poor prognosis. Rhinocerebral presentation is the more frequent form. The purpose of this study was to review and show our experience in the management of 5 cases of mucormycosis of the head and neck with different clinical presentations. The high suspicion ...
Masumoto Kouji - - 2011
An 8-year-old girl was introduced to our department due to the presence of a left painless submandibular mass. The mass had been initially noticed at 7 years of age. Preoperative imaging showed the mass to have originated from the left submandibular gland. The mass was removed with a part of ...
Westbrook Benjamin J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Carotid body tumors are uncommon neoplasms with unique epidemiology and management demands. Cervical embryology is complex. Developmental abnormalities can result in ectopic displacement of native tissues. METHODS: We present the case of a 21-year-old female with bilateral carotid body paragangliomas who presented to our clinic seeking excision of the ...
Loehn Bridget - - 2011
Sialadenoma papilliferum is a rare benign salivary gland tumor. We present an unusual case of sialadenoma papilliferum of the parotid gland, discuss clinical presentation, diagnostic challenges, and review of the literature. A 65-year-old male smoker presented with a large, exophytic, fungating, painless mass in the tail parotid for 8 years. ...
Thompson Jennifer N - - 2011
A 5-year-old girl presented with a mass of the lower eyelid causing lower eyelid retraction and traction in upgaze. The patient had a recent history of minor trauma to the area. An orbitotomy was performed with lateral canthotomy and cantholysis to allow for dissection of the lesion, which was found ...
Nilsson John Robert - - 2011
We describe 2 cases of endobronchial pulmonary carcinoid tumor with superimposed Aspergillus colonization. The Aspergillus hyphae were associated with fibrin, ulcer debris, and granulomatous inflammation in part masking the carcinoid tumor. Presence of necrotic debris made diagnosis on biopsy difficult, and atypical carcinoid could not be ruled out. The association ...
Bernardino Saccomanni - - 2011
In order to improve health care efficiency and effectiveness, treatments should provide disease improvement or resolution at a reasonable cost. The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) published a guideline for treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in 2009 based on review of the literature up to April 6, 2007. ...
Klaassen Zachary - - 2011
For years people have been enamored by anomalies of the human limbs, particularly supernumerary and absent limbs and digits. Historically, there are a number of examples of such anomalies, including royal families of ancient Chaldea, tribes from Arabia, and examples from across nineteenth century Europe. The development of the upper ...
Ozcan Mutlu - - 2011
Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is commonly used for conditioning the glass ceramics either prior to cementation or for intraoral repair in prosthetic and restorative dentistry. The present study offers a review of chemical properties of HF used, highlight the possible hazardous effects of this agent, and to recommend the treatment approach ...
Morcos Sarah M - - 2011
We present the case of a 60-year-old male with known stage IA mycosis fungoides (MF) who developed a suspicious tumor within a pre-existing lymphomatous plaque of the right forearm. Microscopy revealed an unusual mixed fibrohistiocytic proliferation as well as atypical intraepidermal and dermal lymphocytes. There was no evidence of large-cell ...
Schrier Samantha A SA Division of Human Genetics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-4318, - - 2011
To identify causes of death (COD) in propositi with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) at various ages, and to develop guidelines to improve management and avoid morbidity and mortality, we retrospectively reviewed a total of 426 propositi with confirmed clinical diagnoses of CdLS in our database who died in a ...
Bakobaki Julie M JM Medical Research Council Clinical Trials Unit, London, UK. - - 2012
Compliance with Good Clinical Practice (GCP) guidelines should ensure the safety of trial participants and the reliability of trial results. Over the last decade, increasing emphasis has been placed on the role of costly on-site monitoring and source data verification as processes to demonstrate that GCP is being followed, despite ...
Tomaszewski Jeffrey J JJ Division of Pediatric Urology, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2012
Variant presentations of cloacal exstrophy are exceedingly rare. Historically, genetic males with cloacal extrophy were re-assigned to the female gender due to phallic inadequacy. Early recognition of intravesical phallic structures in cloacal exstrophy cases may impact gender reassignment discussions and long-term gender outcomes. We report the case of a male ...
Bai Shuting - - 2011
Sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma (SEF) is a distinctive variant of fibrosarcoma characterized by epithelioid tumor cells arranged in nests, cords, or sheets embedded within a sclerotic collagenous matrix. It is a relatively newly described malignant fibroblastic tumor, with only fewer than 100 cases reported in English literature. Most cases are located ...
Boskovski Marko T - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Lymphangiomas of the gallbladder in adults are extremely rare with only 10 cases published worldwide to date. CASE PRESENTATION: We herein report a case of a 26-year-old male who presented with abdominal right upper quadrant pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. An ultrasound, computer tomography scan, and magnetic resonance imaging ...
Mathew Pc - - 2011
Sinonasal papillomas are relatively rare, benign epithelial tumours of the nasal cavity. These lesions generate considerable interest because they are locally aggressive, have a tendency to recur and are associated with malignancy. The authors present a unique case of malignant sinonasal papilloma with neck metastasis. In the English literature only ...
Vandborg Sanne Kjær - - 2011
Background: Neuropsychological and neuroimaging studies have documented that patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have cognitive difficulties dependent upon fronto-striatal circuits in the brain. It is, however, unclear whether the cognitive difficulties change after treatment. Answering this question could help establish whether cognitive difficulties in OCD are state dependent or more ...
Rana Abdul Qayyum - - 2011
Abstract: A task specific tremor (TST) is a rare form of movement disorder which appears while performing or attempting to perform a particular task. Primary writing tremor (PWT) is the most common form of TST which only occurs during the act of writing and hinders it. [1] Primary writing tremor ...
Das Susmita - - 2011
As a result of change in due date, this review covers the one and two third-year period since our last review (1) from January 2010 through August 2011. Manuscripts outside this review period are only included if they have not been previously cited in the review. A computer search of ...
Khattab Mona - - 2011
We describe a female newborn with a de novo 3.54 megabase (Mb) deletion of 17q22-q23.1 (chr17:53,072,536-56,612,662, hg18) including genes from MSI2 to BCAS3 detected by oligonucleotide array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH). Prenatal ultrasound examination noted oligohydramnios and ventriculomegaly in the fetus. Postnatal examination found hypotonia, macrocephaly, arachnodactyly of fingers and ...
Hinsenkamp M - - 2012
The use of bone and connective tissue allografts has grown rapidly and surpassed the use of autografts in many countries. Being of human origin, bone and tendon allografts carry the risk of disease transmission and complications have been reported. As part of the Project NOTIFY led by the World Health ...
Hift Richard J - - 2011
It has been suggested that King George III of Great Britain suffered from the haem biosynthetic disorder, variegate porphyria. This diagnosis is pervasive throughout the scientific and popular literature, and is often referred to as the 'Royal Malady.' The authors believe it inappropriate to view the case for porphyria purely ...
Coutant Regis - - 2011
The insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) generation test (IGFGT) is often used during the assessment of suspected growth hormone (GH) insensitivity (GHI). We report the results of a survey undertaken in 2010 to determine the use of the IGFGT amongst members of the European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology (ESPE) to evaluate ...
Mousa Albeir Y - - 2011
Hypothenar hammer syndrome is a rare condition with a peculiar presentation that aids in making a clinical diagnosis. We present a 22-year-old male patient who presented with critical hand ischemia secondary to a distal ulnar aneurysm with distal embolization. The patient was treated with an aneurysmectomy with cephalic vein interposition ...
Majumder Shounak - - 2011
Radiological evidence of presence of air or gas within the stomach wall is termed "gastric pneumatosis" and is considered an ominous sign. However, the etiological associations range from benign self-limiting causes to life-threatening emergencies. The authors report the case of gastric pneumatosis in a 34-year-old man who presented to the ...
Owen Cathy - - 2011
Objective. To compare the uptake of peer review among interns in mandatory and voluntary peer-review programs. Population. All first and second year graduates (n=105) in two Australian hospitals. Main outcome measures. Completion of peer review, and reported responses by doctors to peer review. Results. Eight of sixty interns undertaking the ...
Gordon Katherine A - - 2011
Trachyonychia or rough nails, may present as an idiopathic disorder of the nails or it can be associated with other dermatological conditions. The dystrophic nail findings seen in trachyonychia are characterized by brittle, thin nails, with excessive longitudinal ridging. The most common histopathologic features associated with trachyonychia are spongiosis and ...
Edwards Marc T - - 2011
The chief sources of bias in peer review include the clinical outcome and the reviewer. But there are ways to mitigate any bias.
Deem Samuel - - 2011
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Penile cancer is a rare malignancy with limited evidence to support most treatment recommendations. No randomised controlled trials have been published and few recommendations are available for guiding management. However, evidence-based guidelines are currently available through the European Association ...
Bélénotti Pauline - - 2011
Inferior vena cava filter placement is performed to prevent pulmonary risk secondary to deep venous thrombosis. Indications for this treatment are limited to patients experiencing recurrences under well-managed anticoagulant treatment or presenting with contraindication to anticoagulant treatment. Nowadays, as these clinical situations are rare, this device is less and less ...
Molvi Shaba N - - 2011
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the uterus is a rare cause of menorrhagia and may at times lead to life-threatening hemorrhage. The clinical findings may not always be reliable in the diagnosis of uterine AVM, and a high index of suspicion is important because, unlike many other causes of menorrhagia, curettage ...
Alberts Bruce - - 2011
The Report "Coping with chaos: How disordered contexts promote stereotyping and discrimination" by D. A. Stapel and S. Lindenberg [Science 332, 251 (2011)] reported the effects of the physical environment on human stereotyping and discriminatory behavior. On 31 October 2011, Tilburg University held a press conference to announce interim findings ...
Rich Rebecca L - - 2011
We took a different approach to reviewing the commercial biosensor literature this year by inviting 22 biosensor users to serve as a review committee. They set the criteria for what to expect in a publication and ultimately decided to use a pass/fail system for selecting which papers to include in ...
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