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White A D - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Biliary papillomatosis (BP) is a rare condition with a strong potential for malignant transformation and cases from Western centres are sparse.(1) We discuss the presentation, investigation and management of this condition in three Caucasian patients and present a review of the existing literature on BP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The ...
Amescua G - - 2012
Infectious keratitis represents a significant cause of ocular morbidity in the United States. The work-up and treatment of presumed infectious keratitis (PIK) has changed in the past two decades. The development of newer topical antibiotics has enabled broad-spectrum antibiotic coverage with good tissue penetration. The majority of PIK cases respond ...
Burke Kelly L - - 2011
  This research investigates the frequency of Schmorl's nodes in differing populations, with new data from a skeletal sample from the Central Identification Laboratory (CIL) at the Joint Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Accounting Command, while also reviewing the etiology of Schmorl's node formation. Processes implicated in Schmorl's node formation ...
Hadjinicolaou Andreas V - - 2012
Rituximab (RTX), a B-cell depleting mAb, has been reported to cause pulmonary toxicity in many patients. As the use of this biologic is increasing, we have undertaken a systematic review of the literature to gauge the nature and extent of non-infection-related RTX-induced lung disease. A systematic literature review was undertaken ...
Aliferis K - - 2011
Introduction: Rare cases of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) associated with the intake of sildenafil citrate have been reported, although CSC is not included in the list of phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitor side effects. Materials and Methods: We present a review of the literature and 2 cases of CSC in 2 ...
Heylens Gunter - - 2011
Introduction.  The etiology of gender identity disorder (GID) remains largely unknown. In recent literature, increased attention has been attributed to possible biological factors in addition to psychological variables. Aim.  To review the current literature on case studies of twins concordant or discordant for GID. Methods.  A systematic, comprehensive literature review. ...
Subramanian Anuradha - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Stump appendicitis is an underreported and poorly defined condition. It is the development of obstruction and inflammation of the residual appendix after appendectomy. This is a review of the basic clinical, pathological, and surgical significance of stump appendicitis, and the "critical view" required for prevention. DATA SOURCES: PubMed MEDLINE ...
Li Ya-Hong - - 2011
To recognize the clinical characteristics and outcomes of neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM), the authors retrospectively reviewed 1 NDM baby in their department and compared their data with 39 NDM cases reported in the available Chinese literature between January 1986 and December 2010. Most of the cases were located near the ...
Snedeker Kate G - - 2011
Abstracts are the most commonly read part of a journal article, and play an important role as summaries of the articles, and search and screening tools. However, research on abstracts in human biomedicine has shown that abstracts often do not report key methodological features and results. Little research has been ...
Chen Xiao-Jia - - 2011
CE and CEC, due to their versatility and high efficiency, have attracted great interest in the analysis of phytochemicals in herbs and their preparations. Previously, we reviewed the analysis of phytochemical bioactive compounds by CE in 2006 (Electrophoresis 2006, 27, 4808-4819) or CEC in 2010 (Electrophoresis 2010, 31, 260-277). This ...
Cheng Elaine - - 2011
Right-sided diverticulitis remains an exceedingly rare condition in the pediatric population. The clinical presentation mimics acute appendicitis, and the correct diagnosis is often difficult to make prior to operative exploration. We report two cases of cecal diverticulitis, and discuss the diagnosis and management of this disease, with a review of ...
González-Arriagada Wilfredo Alejandro - - 2012
Segmental Odontomaxillary Dysplasia (SOD) is an uncommon developmental disorder of unknown etiology that causes a unilateral alteration of the maxilla associated with an abnormal growth and maturation of bone, lack of one or both premolars and delayed tooth eruption on the affected side, alteration of adjacent gingival tissue with or ...
Vu Tamara M - - 2011
Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) is a low-grade astrocytic tumour that occasionally progresses to a higher grade. We have extensively reviewed the literature on the potential for malignant transformation of PXA. An illustrative case of a PXA transforming to glioblastoma multiforme is presented.
Uchiyama Masaki - - 2011
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a vasculitis usually thought to affect comparatively young individuals, however, elderly cases of CSS are being reported increasingly. We report two elderly cases of CSS and review 123 cases of CSS reported in Japan between 2003 and 2010. The two patients showed typical features of CSS ...
Roy Anil K - - 2011
Object A syrinx is a fluid-filled cavity within the spinal cord that can be an incidental finding or it can be accompanied by symptoms of pain and temperature insensitivity. Although it is most commonly associated with Chiari malformation Type I, the advancement of imaging techniques has resulted in more incidental ...
Yuen Victor T H - - 2011
Paratesticular leiomyosarcomas are rare. We report two cases of leiomyosarcoma of the epididymis diagnosed and treated in a regional community hospital in Canada in 2009 and 2010. Both patients were males of ages 58 and 75, respectively. They presented with painless masses which, on ultrasonography, appeared to be solid masses ...
Andrew Nick - - 2011
Background Angioedema is an infrequent but potentially serious adverse effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs). Objective This article describes a case of ACEI associated angioedema and reviews important clinical features of the condition. Discussion The mechanism of ACEI associated angioedema is not allergic (histamine mediated), but rather due to ...
Miloh Tamir - - 2011
Miloh T, Arnon R, Roman E, Hurlet A, Kerkar N, Wistinghausen B. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in pediatric solid organ transplant recipients, report of five cases and review of the literature. Pediatr Transplantation 2011: 15: 870-878. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Abstract:  Cytopenias are common ...
Chonat Satheesh - - 2011
The co-occurrence of sickle cell disease (SCD) and Chiari malformation (CM) poses clinical and diagnostic challenge since symptoms of both conditions may overlap. Although SCD and CM do not have a causal relationship, the overlapping neurologic symptoms may pose a diagnostic dilemma. To the best of our knowledge, the clinical ...
Lund Alexander D - - 2011
This case report describes carotid-cochlear dehiscence, a rare and possibly fatal condition if missed or ignored on initial work-up of several otologic procedures. Thinning of the bony plate separating the carotid canal from other anatomic structures can occur anywhere along the course of the canal, including the carotid-cochlear bony plate. ...
Peter George - - 2011
Leptospirosis is a zoonotic infection with higher incidence in tropics. Leptospirosis, is known for its variable manifestations, and is a clinical challenge for physicians in the tropics. Experienced clinicians, at times can mistake leptospirosis for non-medical conditions. A few reports of leptospirosis presenting as acalculous cholecystitis was found in review ...
Burn David J - - 2011
Three cases of postencephalitic parkinsonism that were originally described by Kinnier Wilson are reviewed and some general comments made upon their presentation. A differential diagnosis that might now be appropriate in the 21(st) Century is given, in the light of recent literature on the topic and so-called "sporadic" cases. © ...
Fulop Sean A - - 2011
The purpose of these acoustical patent reviews is to provide enough information for a Journal reader to decide whether to seek more information from the patent itself. Any opinions expressed here are those of the reviewers as individuals and are not legal opinions. Printed copies of United States Patents may ...
Reitzen Shari D - - 2011
Hematomas, pseudocysts, and seromas are all part of the differential diagnosis of auricular swellings. Seromas are benign collections of serous fluid that have a tendency to recur. The fluid accumulates in the space between the dermis and perichondrium of the ear. We describe what we believe is the first case ...
Lai Hou-Chuan - - 2011
Patent blue (PB) dye has been successfully used worldwide in breast and cervix surgeries with few complications. Interference of oxyhemoglobin saturation reading by pulse oximetry (SpO(2)) and methemoglobinemia, from injection of PB dye, have rarely been reported in breast and cervix surgeries. We report here the first case of interference ...
Hatasaka Harry - - 2011
This review on uterine factor infertility focuses on the most common congenital and acquired conditions affecting the uterus. Clinical approaches based upon the current literature are assessed. Recommendations are provided for which conditions and in which circumstances surgical interventions are appropriate to enhance reproductive outcomes.
Collier Anderson B AB - - 2011
Cutaneous Ewing sarcoma is a rare variant that has been poorly characterized and has no standard therapy. We report 2 patients with cutaneous Ewing sarcoma and review 76 other cases reported in the literature for demographics, presentation, treatment, and outcome. Only 2 patients presented with metastatic disease, and only 8 ...
Nayeemuddin Mohammed - - 2011
Lumbar spondylolysis is a well-recognized condition occurring in adolescents because of repetitive overuse in sports. Multiple-level spondylolysis involving consecutive lower lumbar segments are rare. Several authors have reported failure of conservative treatment in the management of multiple-level pars fractures. A case report and review of previous literature is presented. The ...
- - 2011
The following reviewers generously gave their time and expertise to provide reviews during the past 12 months. The * denotes reviewers who provided multiple reviews or other exceptional assistance.
Bakare Muideen O - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Characteristics of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in Africa are not known because of unavailability of large-scale epidemiological studies in this region. This review explored the age at first presentation to orthodox clinical practice of African children with ASDs and their expressive language ability at presentation. METHODS: A ...
Wood Dustin - - 2011
Comments on an article by Rentfrow (see record 2010-17989-002). The existence of real differences in personality-related characteristics across geographical regions is becoming increasingly clear. The current authors believe that the research reviewed by Rentfrow (September 2010) linking U.S. state averages of self-reported responses to personality surveys to a wide variety ...
Belhassen-Garcia Moncef - - 2011
Pulmonary manifestations of Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) are present in 45% of cases at the onset of the disease, and they reach 85% of the patients during its evolution. Pulmonary affection usually starts with unspecific symptoms such as cough, dyspnea, hemoptysis, and pleuritis. Pulmonary nodules are 1 of the most common ...
Silhavy Thomas J - - 2011
The following have served as invited special reviewers during the period from September 2010 through August 2011, and their help is greatly appreciated.
Dumont Tania - - 2011
Ovarian torsion is a surgical emergency that can present with a variety of symptoms and hence is difficult to diagnose. We present the first case of a pediatric synchronous bilateral ovarian torsion in ovaries without pathology and review its presentation, diagnosis, treatment, outcome, and the associated literature.
Wallis Christopher J D - - 2011
We report a case of a 53-year-old man who presented with two nodules in the lower lobe and one nodule in the upper lobe of the right lung almost 7 years after radical prostatectomy for pT3aN0M0, Gleason 4+5 disease, without evidence of osseous or lymphatic spread. Surgical resection of the ...
- - 2011
The editors of the journal thank the reviewers for their time and effort. The reviewers listed here have contributed at least one review in the past two years, and many have contributed considerably more. The quality of the journal depends in large part on their expertise, and their dedication and ...
Assefa Dagnachew - - 2011
ABSTRACT: The 3 cases presented here involve 3 unusual and different complications of costal exostoses: spontaneous hemothorax, pneumothorax, and pericardial effusion. All of the cases presented with chest pain to the emergency department. Two of the cases have hereditary multiple exostoses. All but one of the patients required surgical intervention. ...
Zaina F - - 2011
Evidence in medicine depends on original studies but also comes from systematic review. The most the literature grows up, the most systematic reviews are needed to synthesize the evidence, since this can help operators in decision making. The Cochrane reviews are considered the most reliable instruments of synthesis, being based ...
Funt David K - - 2011
As dermal fillers have evolved, volume restoration and contour enhancement have become the objective of advanced injectors. The value of injections of dermal fillers into the midface is well documented in the literature. However, the midface, particularly the infraorbital hollow, is the facial area most prone to adverse events from ...
Becheanu Gabriel - - 2011
Esophageal xanthoma is a very rare lesion which can be incidentally discovered during endoscopy. Only eleven cases have been reported, including ours. We present two new cases of esophageal xanthoma localized in the lower esophagus in a 56-year-old woman and a 62-year-old man. Endoscopically, esophageal xanthoma appears as yellowish granular ...
Michels Jorg - - 2011
Testicular cancer is the most common malignancy in young men with seminomas comprising almost half of all germ cell tumours. Benign ganglioneuromas are rare tumours derived from the sympathetic nervous system. They usually occur in aldolescents and young adults and are predominantly located in the mediastinum and retroperitoneum. We report ...
Gazzeri R - - 2011
The association between vascular malformations and cerebral gliomas is unusual. While the association bet¬ween cavernous angioma with gliomatous lesions is even more rare, it is considered by certain authors to be a particular pathological entity termed angioglioma. The authors report on two cases of association of a cavernous angioma with ...
Jedidi Inès - - 2011
Acquired haemophilia is a rare disease; it occurs most frequently in elderly patients. The majority of cases are due to autoantibodies to factor VIII, which deplete circulating factor VIII or acquired haemophilia A. Only few cases of acquired haemophilia B are reported until today. We report a case of a 7-year-old girl with no ...
Hoesly Fridolin J - - 2011
Hand-foot syndrome (HFS) is a relatively common dermatologic toxic reaction to certain anticancer therapies. Although not life-threatening, this complication can reduce patient quality of life. Dose modification of the inciting agent serves as the most effective management of HFS, although a variety of anecdotal reports suggest that other agents may ...
Senaylı Atilla - - 2011
A review of the literature regarding the current state of knowledge of the anatomic and physiologic features of the female clitoris was conducted. Based on this evaluation, operations on the clitoris were reviewed. The anatomic and physiologic reconstruction problems of surgical techniques for female pseudohermaphroditism that have previously been reported ...
Sahman H - - 2011
Morphological changes such as bifid and trifid mandibular condyle are rare entities. The aim of the present report is to describe a unique morphological variation of the mandibular condyle which has four separate condylar heads (tetrafid mandibular condyle) and to discuss clinical and radiological differential diagnosis of tetrafid mandibular condyle ...
Gölz L - - 2011
Gingival invagination is an alteration of the ginviva often observed during orthodontic space closure. This finding appears as a "pseudopocket" which can be probed both horizontally and vertically. The objective of this systematic literature review was to present information on the etiology and intermediate and long-term sequelae of gingival invagination, ...
Cohen Judith A - - 2011
We comment on a recently published article in the Journal of Traumatic Stress that reviewed school-based interventions related to trauma. We point out the recent book published by Guilford Press on the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies Practice Guildelines (2009), which also provides a thorough review of this literature, ...
Chawla Sheema - - 2011
Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for spinal metastases are emerging treatment paradigms in the multidisciplinary management of metastases located within or adjacent (paraspinal) to the vertebral bodies/spinal cord. In this review, we provide a brief overview of spine SBRT/SRS indications, technology, planning, and treatment delivery; review the ...
Mortazavi Martin M - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Emissary veins connect the extracranial venous system with the intracranial venous sinuses. These include but are not limited to the posterior condyloid, mastoid, occipital, and parietal emissary veins. A review of the literature for the anatomy, embryology, pathology and surgery of the intracranial emissary veins was performed. Detailed descriptions ...
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