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Results 101 - 150 of 1748
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Frazer Holly A - - 2012
The maternal-embryonic nutritional relationship in chondrichthyans has been poorly explored. Consequently, accurately discerning between their different reproductive modes is difficult; especially lecithotrophy and incipient histotrophy. This present study is the first to assess changes in mass throughout embryonic development of an oviparous chondrichthyan other than Scyliorhinus canicula. Heterodontus portusjacksoni egg ...
Marler John R - - 2012
There is concern in published reports and reviews that patients are being harmed or denied effective treatment by the use of questionable results from secondary analyses of data from clinical trials. A well-reported secondary analysis must make clear to the reader the uncertainty of the result--so clear, in fact, that ...
Rangel Shawn J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review evidence-based data addressing key clinical questions regarding parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) and parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) in children. DATA SOURCE: Data were obtained from PubMed, Medicine databases of the English literature (up to October 2010), and the Cochrane Database of ...
Lonsdale Derrick - - 2012
One of the earliest vitamins to be discovered and synthesized, thiamin was originally spelled with an "e". The terminal "e" was dropped when it was found that it was not an amine. It is still spelled with and without the "e" depending on the text. This chapter provides a brief ...
Dahl Brandon J - - 2012
This literature review analyzes the scientific evidence available regarding corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) as a treatment option for progressive keratectasia. A literature search was performed using dates from 1990 to August 2010 regarding CXL Specific areas of focus for the literature review include safety and efficacy of the procedure as ...
Fonseca Adriana R - - 2012
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare autoimmune systemic disease, especially in childhood. To report three new pediatric RP cases, to provide a literature review and to compare with adulthood disease, retrospective data collection from three childhood RP cases was observed in a Brazilian Pediatric Rheumatology Division. A literature review based ...
Bou Khalil Rami - - 2012
Lycanthropy is an unusual belief or delusion that one has been transformed into an animal, or behaviors or feelings suggestive of such a belief. We report a case of lycanthropic delusions of becoming a snake in a 47-year-old woman who suffered from a major depressive disorder with psychotic features. We ...
Mogi Akira - - 2012
Meningiomas are common neoplasms arising from the central nervous system meninges. On the other hand, primary ectopic meningiomas are extremely rare and usually limited to the head and neck region or to the paravertebral soft tissues. Their occurrence in the mediastinum is even rarer. Until now, only 4 cases of ...
Rivera-Lara Lucia - - 2012
Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is the intentional reduction of core body temperature to 32°C to 35°C, and is increasingly applied by intensivists for a variety of acute neurological injuries to achieve neuroprotection and reduction of elevated intracranial pressure. TH improves outcomes in comatose patients after a cardiac arrest with a shockable ...
Payne Cathy - - 2012
Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress. To conduct an overview of the evidence ...
Langley-Hobbs Sorrel - - 2012
Cats, both young and old, can suffer a variety of weird and wonderful musculoskeletal conditions that are a cause of lameness. These include developmental, metabolic and nutritional bone diseases, ectopic mineralisation disorders, conditions that cause lameness or exercise intolerance and primarily or secondarily affect muscle, and lastly pad conditions. These ...
Moloney James J Urology, Midwestern Regional Hospital, Dooradoyle, Limerick City, Co. Limerick, - - 2012
Soft-tissue sarcomas of the genitourinary tract account for only 1-2% of urological malignancies and 2.1% of soft-tissue sarcomas in general. A 69-year-old male complained of a 4 month history of a painless right groin swelling during routine urological review for prostate cancer follow-up. Clinical examination revealed a non-tender, firm right ...
Visser A - - 2011
Stress velopharyngeal incompetence (SVPI) is a special form of velopharyngeal incompetence observed in musicians who play wind and brass instruments. Due to high intraoral pressures generated while playing, the velopharyngeal structures fail to seal off the nasopharynx properly, resulting in unwanted nasal air leakage or noises. We present two young ...
Kim Curi - - 2011
This report reviews U.S. guidelines for the identification of persons exposed to rubella during air travel. In response to an individual with rubella who traveled on multiple flights, CDC conducted an airline contact investigation that was expanded beyond customary protocol to assess if current operating procedures are adequate. Of 250 ...
Nikitakis Nikolaos G - - 2012
Metastatic tumors to the oral cavity are uncommon and a thyroid origin is considered exceedingly rare. A case of metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) presenting as a painful swelling in the right posterior maxilla of a 63-year-old male is reported here. The patient had been diagnosed with PTC 2 years ...
Dyalram D - - 2011
Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CXPA) is a rare salivary gland malignancy most often reported within the parotid gland. Of the salivary gland tumours that occur within the minor salivary glands at least 50% are reported to be malignant. This proves to be inaccurate when describing salivary gland tumours within the ...
McCoul Edward D - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Epidermoid and dermoid cysts are uncommon entities that belong in the differential diagnosis of ventral skull base lesions. The endoscopic endonasal approach is an attractive option for management of these lesions with limited morbidity. The clinical characteristics and management course from our experience is reviewed along with the relevant ...
D'Amico Francesco E - - 2011
Introduction. Clear cell sarcoma of the gastrointestinal tract (CCS-GI) is an extremely rare and aggressive tumor, which often mimics other neoplastic processes. Because of this feature, its real incidence may have been underestimated, especially in the past when genetic tests were less available than nowadays. To date, less then 30 ...
Berry Christopher M - - 2011
Much of the recent research on counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs) has used multi-item self-report measures of CWB. Because of concerns over self-report measurement, there have been recent calls to collect ratings of employees' CWB from their supervisors or coworkers (i.e., other-raters) as alternatives or supplements to self-ratings. However, little is ...
Patten Darren K - - 2012
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease of antigen presenting cells, with an incidence rate of 4.0-5.4 per 1 million individuals. The most common endocrinological manifestation of classical LCH is associated with the posterior pituitary, presenting as Diabetes Insipidus. However, LCH can affect multiple organs and classification is based ...
Grosclaude M - - 2012
Ice hockey is a sport renowned for its numerous injuries; different studies report between 13.8 and 20 lesions per 1000 athlete exposures. Exactly 65.5% of these injuries occur during games, compared to 34.5% during training sessions. And 35.1% of all injuries involve the lower extremity and 29.7% the upper extremity (results drawn ...
Ajila Vidya - - 2012
A pathologically elongated coronoid process forming a joint with the zygomatic arch and bone is termed as "Jacob's disease." Herein, we present a case of Jacob's disease, which has rarely been reported in the literature. Moreover, very few cases have been reported from the Indian subcontinent. A 28 years-old male reported ...
Cai Peihao - - 2011
Paragangliomas are rare neuroendocrine tumors of neural crest origin. They are mostly benign, however; malignant tumors with aggressive behavior and distant metastasis can also occur. Intracranial involvement is extremely rare and has been sporadically reported in the literature. Here we report a case who presented with progressive neurologic deficits due ...
Bourke J - - 2011
Background  Gastrointestinal neuromuscular disorders (GINMD) are an important cause of intestinal failure (IF). We present six cases of IF in whom a diagnosis of GINMD was initially suspected, but in whom psychopathology was discovered to be the primary etiology. Methods  (i) Six consecutive cases referred to our unit with IF, ...
Melchiors Ana Carolina - - 2011
Background In the past 20 years, many studies have evaluated the impact of pharmaceutical practices on clinical, humanistic and economic outcomes. However, few studies have critically analysed the primary studies and published reviews regarding pharmaceutical practices. Aim of the Review The aim of this review is to assess the quality of ...
Ditsuwan Vallop - - 2011
This review describes the legal basis for and implementation of sobriety checkpoints in Thailand and identifies factors that influenced their historical development and effectiveness. The first alcohol and traffic injury control law in Thailand was implemented in 1934. The 0.05 g/100 mL blood alcohol concentration limit was set in 1994. ...
Rambhatla Pranita V - - 2011
Objectives  To conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of various modalities to treat hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) and to establish recommendations on its appropriate management. Data Sources  MEDLINE, Cochrane, and PubMed databases. Study Selection  English-language prospective, retrospective, and case studies describing at least 4 patients with HS. Data Extraction  Data ...
Maithani T - - 2011
Aim:Fungiform papillomas are benign mucosal neoplasms presenting as a unilateral exophytic mass involving the anterior portion of the nasal septum. In this study, we present an exceptional case of a bilateral fungiform papilloma with a synchronous verrucous carcinoma of the nasal septum.Material and methods:A case study with a review of ...
- - 2011
Background: Setting priorities for the prevention of stroke requires an empirical understanding of the pattern of disease burden and exposure to major risk factors. In this manuscript we aim to report the methodology of a systematic review of the epidemiological literature on stroke and how this information will be synthesized ...
Elmer J - - 2011
Objectives: To conduct a systematic review of the literature to answer the question: Has administration of recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) or prothombin complex concentrate (PCC) or activated PCC (aPCC) been demonstrated to be effective in reversing pendasaccharide anticoagulants (PSAs)? Background: Fondaparinux and idraparinux are ultra-short, synthetic PSAs. Typical anticoagulation ...
Muzaffar Jameel - - 2011
Acquired factor VIII inhibitor (AFI) is a rare disorder and is even more uncommon in multiple myeloma patients, with only five cases reported in literature. Solid and hematologic malignancies, autoimmune conditions, drugs, and infections are the conditions commonly associated with the development of this condition, with mucocutaneous bleeding being the ...
Forman Walter B - - 2011
In this case report and review of the literature, transient global amnesia (TGA) is discussed. A 72-year-old physician presented to the emergency department with sudden loss of memory. In particular, he was unable to recall recent events. Other neurological examination was intact. The loss of recent memory was completely resolved, ...
Swanson Keith - - 2011
Hypothenar hammer syndrome is an uncommon cause of upper-extremity ischemia that is often overlooked in the absence of a thorough occupational and recreational history. Importantly, it is a reversible cause of hand ischemia that, if missed, can lead to significant morbidity and even amputation. The occupational ramifications and quality of ...
Misago Noriyuki - - 2011
We herein report a patient with erythema induratum/nodular vasculitis (EI/NV) associated with Crohn's disease (CD), which is considered to be a rare type of metastatic CD. A 54-year-old woman, who had a history of CD, presented with erythematous nodules on her legs. The histopathological features of the skin biopsy revealed ...
Artifon Everson L A - - 2012
Context To demonstrate a comprehensive review of published articles regarding EUS-guided biliary drainage. Methods Review of studies regarding EUS-guided biliary drainage including case reports, case series and previous reviews. Results EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy, choledochoduodenostomy and choledochoantrostomy are advanced procedures on biliary and pancreatic endoscopy and together make up the echo-guided biliary ...
Cascini Fidelia - - 2011
Foreign body ingestion frequently occurs accidentally in the paediatric population as well as intentionally in prisoners to achieve hospitalisation, but is relatively uncommon in forensic cases and extremely rare as a method of inducing death in complex suicide. The reasons for this infrequency are many, not least the slowness of ...
Wilks Daniel J - - 2011
Desmoid fibromatosis (also known as infantile or aggressive fibromatosis) is a rare soft tissue tumour that is occasionally seen in children. Although histologically benign, its growth pattern is highly aggressive often showing invasion of surrounding musculature and bone. Frequently found in cosmetically sensitive areas, complete excision can present a challenging ...
White A D - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Biliary papillomatosis (BP) is a rare condition with a strong potential for malignant transformation and cases from Western centres are sparse.(1) We discuss the presentation, investigation and management of this condition in three Caucasian patients and present a review of the existing literature on BP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The ...
Amescua G - - 2012
Infectious keratitis represents a significant cause of ocular morbidity in the United States. The work-up and treatment of presumed infectious keratitis (PIK) has changed in the past two decades. The development of newer topical antibiotics has enabled broad-spectrum antibiotic coverage with good tissue penetration. The majority of PIK cases respond ...
Burke Kelly L - - 2011
  This research investigates the frequency of Schmorl's nodes in differing populations, with new data from a skeletal sample from the Central Identification Laboratory (CIL) at the Joint Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Accounting Command, while also reviewing the etiology of Schmorl's node formation. Processes implicated in Schmorl's node formation ...
Hadjinicolaou Andreas V - - 2012
Rituximab (RTX), a B-cell depleting mAb, has been reported to cause pulmonary toxicity in many patients. As the use of this biologic is increasing, we have undertaken a systematic review of the literature to gauge the nature and extent of non-infection-related RTX-induced lung disease. A systematic literature review was undertaken ...
Aliferis K - - 2011
Introduction: Rare cases of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) associated with the intake of sildenafil citrate have been reported, although CSC is not included in the list of phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitor side effects. Materials and Methods: We present a review of the literature and 2 cases of CSC in 2 ...
Heylens Gunter - - 2011
Introduction.  The etiology of gender identity disorder (GID) remains largely unknown. In recent literature, increased attention has been attributed to possible biological factors in addition to psychological variables. Aim.  To review the current literature on case studies of twins concordant or discordant for GID. Methods.  A systematic, comprehensive literature review. ...
Subramanian Anuradha - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Stump appendicitis is an underreported and poorly defined condition. It is the development of obstruction and inflammation of the residual appendix after appendectomy. This is a review of the basic clinical, pathological, and surgical significance of stump appendicitis, and the "critical view" required for prevention. DATA SOURCES: PubMed MEDLINE ...
Li Ya-Hong - - 2011
To recognize the clinical characteristics and outcomes of neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM), the authors retrospectively reviewed 1 NDM baby in their department and compared their data with 39 NDM cases reported in the available Chinese literature between January 1986 and December 2010. Most of the cases were located near the ...
Snedeker Kate G - - 2011
Abstracts are the most commonly read part of a journal article, and play an important role as summaries of the articles, and search and screening tools. However, research on abstracts in human biomedicine has shown that abstracts often do not report key methodological features and results. Little research has been ...
Chen Xiao-Jia - - 2011
CE and CEC, due to their versatility and high efficiency, have attracted great interest in the analysis of phytochemicals in herbs and their preparations. Previously, we reviewed the analysis of phytochemical bioactive compounds by CE in 2006 (Electrophoresis 2006, 27, 4808-4819) or CEC in 2010 (Electrophoresis 2010, 31, 260-277). This ...
Cheng Elaine - - 2011
Right-sided diverticulitis remains an exceedingly rare condition in the pediatric population. The clinical presentation mimics acute appendicitis, and the correct diagnosis is often difficult to make prior to operative exploration. We report two cases of cecal diverticulitis, and discuss the diagnosis and management of this disease, with a review of ...
González-Arriagada Wilfredo Alejandro - - 2012
Segmental Odontomaxillary Dysplasia (SOD) is an uncommon developmental disorder of unknown etiology that causes a unilateral alteration of the maxilla associated with an abnormal growth and maturation of bone, lack of one or both premolars and delayed tooth eruption on the affected side, alteration of adjacent gingival tissue with or ...
Vu Tamara M - - 2011
Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) is a low-grade astrocytic tumour that occasionally progresses to a higher grade. We have extensively reviewed the literature on the potential for malignant transformation of PXA. An illustrative case of a PXA transforming to glioblastoma multiforme is presented.
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