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Fong Zhi Ven - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem chronic granulomatous disease found predominantly in the lungs and lymph nodes. Its pathologic hallmark is the presence of systemic non-caseating granulomas; however, a variation of this disease known as "sarcoid-like reaction" has been described in patients with underlying cancer. REPORT: Sarcoid-like reactions in patients with ...
Preciado Diego A - - 2012
Cholesteatoma is a unique pathologic condition of the temporal bone characterized by migration of keratinized squamous epithelium positioned into the middle ear and mastoid cavity. The exact pathogenic molecular mechanisms behind the formation and propagation of cholesteatoma remain unclear. This review will aim to define the classification of cholesteatomas, review ...
Bhimrao Sanjiv Kumar - - 2012
Objective. Middle ear myoclonus is a rare condition with distinct characteristics at presentation. Diagnosis is based primarily on history, clinical examination, and long-time-based tympanometry. No consensus exists regarding treatment at present. This review was designed to identify relevant studies on current investigation and management.Data Source. A systematic electronic literature search ...
van Liempt S W J D - - 2012
In this report, we describe a case of a solely inhibin B producing fibrothecoma presenting with secondary amenorrhoea and hot flushes. Typical laboratory findings were an elevated LH, elevated inhibin B, low FSH and low estrogen. The World Health Organization classification of amenorrhoea was not applicable since the combination of ...
Saxon Penny - - 2012
Segmental testicular infarction is a relatively rare acute or subacute condition which is infrequently thought of in the differential diagnosis for testicular pain. However, missing or misdiagnosing this entity on clinical evaluation and/or imaging has significant implications for patients as they may undergo unnecessary surgery for suspected testicular torsion or ...
Hirschberg R M - - 2012
A case report of a male 6-day-old male layer chick featuring incomplete polymelia of the hind limbs and hindgut malformations is presented. The chick was submitted to computed tomography (CT) examination and subsequent anatomical dissection. Apart from the two supernumerary hind limbs, the anatomical dissection revealed additional hindgut alterations: three ...
Anstead Gregory M - - 2012
We report a case of a 27-year-old male who presented with respiratory distress that required mechanical ventilation. Transbronchial biopsy revealed adiaspores of the fungus Emmonsia crescens within granulomata, a condition known as adiaspiromycosis. The patient received amphotericin products and corticosteroids, followed by itraconazole, and made a full recovery. Emmonsia crescens ...
Woelwer-Rieck Ursula - - 2012
The plant Stevia rebaudiana is well known due to the sweet-tasting ent-kaurene diterpenoid glycosides. Stevioside and rebaudioside A are the most abundant and best analyzed, but more than 30 additional steviol glycosides have been described in the scientific literature to date. Most of them were detected in the last two ...
Sarmento Dmitry José de Santana - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Florid cemento-osseous dysplasia (FCOD) has been described as a condition that characteristically affects the jaws of middle-aged black women. Radiographically, FCOD appears as dense, lobulated masses, often symmetrically located in various regions of the jaws. FCOD is usually asymptomatic. In severe cases, focal expansion may occur due to infection. ...
Luk Ho Ming - - 2012
We report a series of four patients with macrocephaly-capillary malformation (M-CM) who are the first ever reported M-CM patients among Chinese individuals. The salient clinical features and recent diagnostic criteria are discussed. M-CM is a multisystem disease characterized by macrocephaly and cutaneous vascular malformation. Neurodevelopmental abnormalities such as developmental delay, ...
Cecinati Valerio - - 2012
We discuss an unusual clinical presentation of childhood Hodgkin lymphoma; a 16-year-old girl was referred for Coombs-positive severe anemia, thrombocytopenia, and asymptomatic anterior mediastinal mass. Bone marrow examination showed no evidence of neoplastic disease. Biopsy of the mass was possible only after administration of both intravenous immunoglobulins and steroids resulting ...
Acién P - - 2012
BACKGROUNDTo raise awareness about the accessory and cavitated uterine masses (ACUM) with functional endometrium as a different entity from adult adenomyosis and to highlight the importance of a correct diagnosis, we studied four new cases of ACUM and 15 cases reported as juvenile cystic adenomyoma (JCA) by reviewing the literature ...
Richter Jute - - 2012
Amniotic bands can cause limb amputation as well as intrauterine fetal demise. Fetoscopic release of amniotic bands has been shown to rescue limb function. Herein, we describe an interesting case of an amniotic band wrapped around the right forearm as well as the umbilical cord, which was released by fetoscopy. ...
Viola Patrizia - - 2012
Dystrophic calcified nodule of the testicle represents an exceptional lesion with an unknown etiology and controversial diagnostic approach. There are very few reports in the literature that have examined this feature. Here, we report the fourth case of dystrophic testis nodule, identified in a 46-year-old man who presented the urologist ...
Doron Israel - - 2012
How are old people treated in courts? How do judges construct old age? To what extent judicial decisions regarding older persons reflect ageist attitudes? Historically, these questions have received relatively little attention in gerontological literature. This Israeli case-study tries to add a new dimension to the growing literature in the ...
Park Yara A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), a thrombotic microangiopathy, is a clinical diagnosis, characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia without another likely explanation. Some initiators of the disease are well represented in the literature, such as certain drugs, malignancies, and viral illness; however, there are less objective factors still being ...
Zwyns Nicolas - - 2012
Slimak et al. (Reports, 13 May 2011, p. 841) reanalyzed the lithic assemblage from the northern site of Byzovaya (Russia) and concluded that it was Mousterian and produced by Neandertals. The previous interpretation of this assemblage as falling within Early Upper Paleolithic variability remains the most parsimonious explanation; pending additional ...
Pfeiffer Margaret L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The etiologies, clinical presentations and diagnosis of acute pathogen-specific dysentery in children and adults in industrialized and developing regions is described to help develop recommendations for therapy. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of literature published between January 2000 and June 2011 to determine the frequency of occurrence of ...
Goodrich Sarah - - 2012
Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the endometrium (PSCCE) is a rare entity, with fewer than 100 cases reported in the literature. We report two cases of PSCCE and review the literature regarding associated markers and treatment outcomes. Many different markers have been tested for association with PSCCE, with mixed results. ...
Jarius S - - 2012
The recent discovery of disease specific and pathogenic autoantibodies in neuromyelitis optica (NMO, Devic's disease) has revived the interest in this intriguing yet often devastating condition. While the history of classic multiple sclerosis has been studied extensively, only very little is known so far about the early history of NMO. ...
Mehkri S - - 2012
Multifocal odontogenic lesions are uncommon and have only been observed in conditions associated with known genetic mutations. To the best of our knowledge, only two cases of multifocal adenomatoid odontogenic tumours (AOT) have previously been reported in the literature. In this study, we report the first case of a bilateral, ...
Ho Jeffrey D - - 2012
Abstract When responders are dealing with an agitated patient in the field, safety for all involved may sometimes only be accomplished with physical or chemical restraints. While experiences using chemical restraint in the prehospital setting are found in the medical literature, the use of this by law enforcement as a ...
Piperi Evangelia - - 2012
Atypical Lipomatous Tumor/Well Differentiated Liposarcoma (ALT/WDLS) is a soft tissue sarcoma of intermediate malignant behavior, most frequently affecting the retroperitoneum and lower extremities. Oral liposarcomas are very rare neoplasms, the most common histological subtype being ALT/WDLS. In this study, three additional cases of ALT/WDLS located on the tongue (2 cases) ...
Woods R S R - - 2012
Epithelioid sarcoma, first described by Enzinger in 1970,(1) classically presents in young adults and usually arises in the distal extremities. The proximal-type variant, first described in 1997 as a rare aggressive form of sarcoma, usually arises more proximally.(2) It carries a higher mortality rate than classical limb epithelioid sarcoma and ...
Shapiro-Mendoza Carrie K - - 2012
This article describes a multistate population-based surveillance system for monitoring sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUIDs) known as the SUID Case Registry pilot program. The pilot program represents collaboration between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Center for Child Death Review (NCCDR), which is funded by the ...
Muroi Carl - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cerebral vasospasm (CVS) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage remains a considerable challenge in neurocritical care medicine. This review aims to cover the recent novel aspects and results in CVS treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: On the basis of the recent literature, treatment focusing on CVS alone is outdated. A considerable ...
Hofer Katharina E - - 2012
Methoxetamine, the N-ethyl derivative of ketamine, is a novel recreational drug that is not at present subject to restrictive regulations in most countries. To our knowledge, no case of methoxetamine abuse has been published to date in the scientific literature, and the only sources of information are illegal drug users' ...
Efrati Shai - - 2012
Many of the complications related to prolonged ventilation are related to inappropriate handling of endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff. This article reviews the possible complications associated with the ETT cuff, and the landmark development made in that field. The article challenges the present paradigm of cuff use and reviews the current ...
Rozendaal A M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Since 1997, the 15 Dutch cleft palate teams have reported their patients with oral clefts to the national oral cleft registry (NVSCA). During the first visit of the patient to the team - which is usually within the first year of life - the oral cleft and associated congenital ...
Baltag Valentina - - 2012
QUALITY ISSUE: The quality of obstetric services remains a major issue in the Republic of Moldova. Services are well staffed and intensively used but do not deliver the expected outputs. Providers have limited experience with clinical audits and perceive them as a way to punish individuals. Near-miss case reviews were ...
Addas Bassam M - - 2012
We report a case of left upper trunk neuropraxia following an uneventful case of lumbar spine fixation and fusion performed in the prone position. The cause of the injury was believed to be a very tight endotracheal tube tie in addition to the patient`s head turned to one side; both ...
Kennedy Maureen Shawn - - 2012
Taking a cue from the protests of 2011 as we begin 2012.
Katzenstein Anna-Luise A - - 2012
This review focuses on three selected topics of current interest that are related to chronic fibrosing lung disorders and are important for pathologists. First, the clinical and pathologic features of smoking-related interstitial fibrosis (SRIF) are highlighted. SRIF is a common finding in smokers that has striking histologic changes but only ...
Pemberton John D - - 2012
To characterize clinical features, diagnostics studies, treatments, and outcomes of patients with histologically proven idiopathic sclerosing orbital inflammation (ISOI), to define optimal management for this recalcitrant disease, and to determine changes in characterization and management by comparing our results with the last significant literature review. A search of the U.S. ...
Pradeep Koppolu - - 2012
One of the most common esthetic concerns associated with the periodontal tissues is gingival recession. Gingival recession is the exposure of root surfaces due to apical migration of the gingival tissue margins; gingival margin migrates apical to the cementoenamel junction. Although it rarely results in tooth loss, marginal tissue recession ...
Sharma Sudhanshu - - 2012
Punctate palmoplantar keratoderma (Brauer-Buschke-Fischer syndrome) is a rare entity. Among punctate keratoderma, the linear presentation is much rarer, and exact incidence is not known. Unilateral linear punctate palmoplantar keratoderma is not yet reported in the literature. Here we report a case 12-year-old child presented with asymptomatic linear punctate plaque on ...
Idowu Michael O - - 2012
Correlation of radiologic and pathologic findings is important for optimal management of patients with image-guided breast biopsies. To (1) evaluate the rates of radiologic and pathologic correlation in breast needle core biopsies, (2) evaluate laboratory and radiology practices associated with greater correlation rates, and (3) determine the rates at which ...
Vazquez-Roque Maria - - 2012
Reply to: Johnston JM, Schneier HA. Clarification of trial end points presented in a recent review of linaclotide. Expert Rev. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 6(1), 13-14 (2012).
Mickenautsch Steffen - - 2012
This article aims to offer, on the basis of Coherence theory, the epistemological proposition that mutually supportive evidence from multiple systematic reviews may successfully refute radical, philosophical scepticism. A case study including seven systematic reviews is presented with the objective of refuting radical philosophical scepticism towards the belief that glass-ionomer ...
Carson John M - - 2012
Calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) have been clearly associated with posttransplant thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTMA). We report a case of de novo PT-TMA involving predominantly small arteries and arterioles of a renal allograft in a patient receiving tacrolimus. Serial biopsies demonstrate the natural history of this lesion through the chronic nonspecific phase. The ...
Mira-Avendano Isabel - - 2012
Primary malignant lymphoma of the trachea is rare. We report a case of a 60-year-old woman with a mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma of the trachea and review the existing literature. This case highlights the importance of including intraluminal lesions in the differential diagnosis when a variable degree of obstruction is ...
Frazer Holly A - - 2012
The maternal-embryonic nutritional relationship in chondrichthyans has been poorly explored. Consequently, accurately discerning between their different reproductive modes is difficult; especially lecithotrophy and incipient histotrophy. This present study is the first to assess changes in mass throughout embryonic development of an oviparous chondrichthyan other than Scyliorhinus canicula. Heterodontus portusjacksoni egg ...
Marler John R - - 2012
There is concern in published reports and reviews that patients are being harmed or denied effective treatment by the use of questionable results from secondary analyses of data from clinical trials. A well-reported secondary analysis must make clear to the reader the uncertainty of the result--so clear, in fact, that ...
Rangel Shawn J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review evidence-based data addressing key clinical questions regarding parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) and parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) in children. DATA SOURCE: Data were obtained from PubMed, Medicine databases of the English literature (up to October 2010), and the Cochrane Database of ...
Lonsdale Derrick - - 2012
One of the earliest vitamins to be discovered and synthesized, thiamin was originally spelled with an "e". The terminal "e" was dropped when it was found that it was not an amine. It is still spelled with and without the "e" depending on the text. This chapter provides a brief ...
Dahl Brandon J - - 2012
This literature review analyzes the scientific evidence available regarding corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) as a treatment option for progressive keratectasia. A literature search was performed using dates from 1990 to August 2010 regarding CXL Specific areas of focus for the literature review include safety and efficacy of the procedure as ...
Fonseca Adriana R - - 2012
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare autoimmune systemic disease, especially in childhood. To report three new pediatric RP cases, to provide a literature review and to compare with adulthood disease, retrospective data collection from three childhood RP cases was observed in a Brazilian Pediatric Rheumatology Division. A literature review based ...
Bou Khalil Rami - - 2012
Lycanthropy is an unusual belief or delusion that one has been transformed into an animal, or behaviors or feelings suggestive of such a belief. We report a case of lycanthropic delusions of becoming a snake in a 47-year-old woman who suffered from a major depressive disorder with psychotic features. We ...
Mogi Akira - - 2012
Meningiomas are common neoplasms arising from the central nervous system meninges. On the other hand, primary ectopic meningiomas are extremely rare and usually limited to the head and neck region or to the paravertebral soft tissues. Their occurrence in the mediastinum is even rarer. Until now, only 4 cases of ...
Rivera-Lara Lucia - - 2012
Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is the intentional reduction of core body temperature to 32°C to 35°C, and is increasingly applied by intensivists for a variety of acute neurological injuries to achieve neuroprotection and reduction of elevated intracranial pressure. TH improves outcomes in comatose patients after a cardiac arrest with a shockable ...
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