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Campbell Shannon M - - 2011
Pemphigoid gestationis (PG) is an uncommon autoimmune bullous disease that almost exclusively presents during pregnancy. Patients typically present with a diffuse blistering and intensely pruritic eruption that begins periumbilically and spreads to involve the rest of the body. Direct immunofluorescence demonstrating C3 in a linear pattern along the dermoepidermal junction ...
Lin Chien-Yu - - 2011
The most prominent sites of Castleman's disease (CD) are the thorax (mediastinum or lung hilum) and abdomen. It rarely occurs in the cervical area and only one case has been reported in the posterior triangle of the neck. We report a new case of cervical posterior triangle CD in a ...
Aabideen Kanakkande K Department of Paediatrics, Whiston Hospital, Merseyside, - - 2011
Paracetamol is one of the most commonly used drugs both over the counter and on prescription. Liquid paracetamol is available over the counter all over the world. Most commonly available concentrations are 120 mg/5 ml and 250 mg/5 ml. Many parents and healthcare professionals assume that doses available in different ...
Verstraeten A S AS Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Antwerp University Hospital, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium. - - 2011
Hypereosinophilia is a phenomenon which is associated with a broad variety of allergic, infectious, paraneoplastic and systemic diseases. Depending on the aetiology, these disorders differ in severity from self-limiting to life-threatening. Although it is well known that hypereosinophilia can occur in association with a solid tumour, exact numbers of incidence ...
Wolf M M Department of Immunology, Allergology and Rheumatology, Antwerp University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium. - - 2011
We present a case of the multicentric plasma cell variant of Castleman's disease (CD) with two rare manifestations. The patient consulted us because of cutaneous vasculitis of the lower limbs, while constitutional symptoms were nearly absent. Imaging studies also revealed pulmonary parenchymal involvement. Furthermore, our patient is the first case ...
Schumock Glen T GT Center for Pharmacoeconomic Research, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA. - - 2011
The US FDA has issued safety alerts and required manufacturers of leukotriene-modifying agents (LTMAs), including montelukast, zafirlukast and zileuton, to include suicide and neuropsychiatric events as a precaution in the drug label. This paper reviews the existing evidence on the potential association between the LTMAs and suicidal behaviour. We conducted ...
Iannicelli Elsa - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The imaging findings of a gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) have been investigated in various studies; however, the features and the pattern of growth of an oesophageal GIST have been described only in a few reports. We present two cases studied by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and we review the ...
Koulaxouzidis Georgios - - 2011
Acute or chronic arterial thrombose due to repetitive blunt trauma to the palm of the hand is a rare occupational vascular disease. In most of the cases it affects the ulnar artery and its superficial palmar branch. Repetitive crush is pathogenic and the unique anatomy of the superficial branch of ...
Ma Lu - - 2011
Intracranial extraaxial ependymomas (IEAEs) are extremely rare. We present a pediatric patient with IEAE misdiagnosed as a meningioma preoperatively, successfully treated surgically with a favorite outcome. The literature about IEAEs was briefly reviewed. Thereafter we discuss the clinical characteristics of the disease.
Lo Y-C - - 2011
Yokenella regensburgei belongs to the Enterobacteriaceae and shares some biochemical characteristics with Hafnia alvei. A few case reports have suggested that it is an opportunistic pathogen, but there is no strong evidence to support its clinical importance. Until recently, it was difficult to accurately differentiate between Y. regensburgei and H. ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2011
Neonatal stroke is a diverse clinical entity. Terminology and aetiology described in the literature are very varied. While numerous risk factors are cited, only few case-control studies have investigated them in a systematic fashion. This equipoise extends to the investigational and management profile of perinatal stroke too. Controversy persists about ...
Shivashankara C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: A tooth is ectopic if it is malpositioned due to congenital factors or displaced by the presence of pathology. Recent literature review suggests only 14 cases of ectopic mandibular third molar in the condylar region. Most have been treated using an extra-oral or endoscopic approach. Patients with an ectopic ...
Feehally John - - 2011
Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is linked inextricably to the name Jean Berger, the Parisian pathologist who published the first description of IgAN in 1968. We reflect on the significance of Berger's first report and consider 40 years of progress in our understanding of IgAN since it was published. We also ...
Lo Ru-Hsiao - - 2011
Tonsilloliths are rare dystrophic calcifications caused by chronic inflammation of the tonsils. They are usually small and occur on one side. Herein, we report a case involving a 75-year-old man presenting odynophagia and progressive dyspnea for days who was found by computed tomography image to have bilateral giant tonsilloliths. Hyperdensity ...
Vaillancourt Christian - - 2011
AIM: We sought to determine if, in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), the description of any specific symptoms to the emergency medical dispatcher (EMD) improved the accuracy of the diagnosis of cardiac arrest. METHODS: For this systematic review, we searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library with no restrictions, ...
Göncü Tuğba - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Bilateral multiple serous retinal pigment epithelial detachments (PEDs) are a very rare entity. Such conditions may be idiopathic or a presentation of some ocular and/or systemic pathologies. We report 2 unique cases of bilateral multiple serous PEDs without any known cause. Additionally, similar cases of multiple serous idiopathic PEDs ...
Kusano Yoshikazu - - 2011
A case of ectopic pituitary adenoma in the sphenoid sinus associated with an empty sella is reported. The coexistence of an ectopic pituitary adenoma and an empty sella is quite rare. The diagnosis was made with an intraoperative finding of the intact dura mater of the sellar floor. In the ...
Mohamed Wazim - - 2011
Whipple's disease (WD) is a rare multisystemic infectious disease that can involve a variety of organs namely the gastrointestinal tract, lymphatic system, heart and nervous system. Myorhythmia is a hallmark of WD. Isolated CNS involvement is very rare. We present a 50 year-old African-American woman with rapid cognitive decline, visual ...
van Wijk Marja J - - 2011
The European Association of Tissue Banks (EATB) Donor Case Workshop and Quality System Case workshop are forums held within the program of the EATB Annual Congress. These workshops offer an opportunity to discuss and evaluate approaches taken to challenging situations, regarding donor selection and quality issues, and strengthen the professional ...
Zhu Zhi-Bin - - 2011
This critical review discusses recent developments in the field of cyclopropene chemistry. Although several excellent reviews that mainly focused on the thermolysis and pyrolysis as well as metal-mediated reactions of cyclopropenes have been published, significant new developments have also been achieved in recent years. This brand new review provides an ...
Ma R-Y - - 2011
Cor triatriatum is a rare malformation, especially in association with tetralogy of Fallot, and has only been reported a few times in the literature. Due to the complexity of this abnormality, careful intraoperative exploration and a good differential diagnosis are crucial to select the appropriate surgical procedure. Here, we report ...
Laish Ido - - 2011
Adult hyperammonaemia is associated with severe liver disease in 90% of cases. In the remainder, noncirrhotic causes should be considered. Measurements of serum ammonia level must be part of the basic work-up in all patients presenting with encephalopathy of unknown origin, even when liver function is normal. Clinician awareness of ...
Cabrera Raul - - 2011
To date, only 12 cases of angiomatoid Spitz nevus have been characterized in the literature. We present the first case of angiomatoid Spitz nevus in which dermatoscopic findings are described.
Centeno Maria - - 2011
Altered pupillary behavior is commonly present during and following epileptic seizures, but symptomatic pupillary hippus as the main feature of a seizure has not been reported in the modern literature. We present the case of a woman with epileptic seizures consisting of sustained fluctuation of perception of brightness. Bilateral pupillary ...
Maggio Lauren A - - 2011
PURPOSE: Medical education literature has been found to lack key components of scientific reporting, including adequate descriptions of literature searches, thus preventing medical educators from replicating and building on previous scholarship. The purpose of this study was to examine the reproducibility of search strategies as reported in medical education literature ...
Markou Konstantinos - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Malignant transformation of vestibular schwannoma is considered a rare clinical entity. Radiotherapy, as a treatment option for vestibular schwannoma, is regarded as a potential risk factor for secondary malignancy. Recently, radiotherapy with dose fractionation has been proposed, intended to diminish the risk of radiation-induced neuropathy. CASE PRESENTATION: The aim ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Anterior midline intracranial cysts may be found most often in three forms: cavum septum pellucidum, cavum vergae, and cavum velum interpositum. A single offering that reviews these entities is difficult to find in the extant literature. Therefore, the present review was performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Various search engines and ...
Bezić Joško - - 2011
Oncocytic cystadenoma is a rare benign tumor of major salivary glands that in rare occasions may present histologically with intraluminal crystalloids. We report a case of 53-year-old man with a progressively enlarging lump in the left submandibular region. Ultrasound examination revealed a cystic mass with an intraluminal fluid collection. The ...
Murakami Christiana - - 2011
Focal dermal hypoplasia (FDH), also known as Goltz-Gorlin syndrome, is an autosomal dominant disease affecting tissues derived from the ectoderm and mesoderm. Knowledge and early diagnosis of the craniofacial alterations commonly found in patients with FDH provide oral health care professionals with effective preventive and therapeutic tools. This article aims ...
Morariu I - - 2011
Objective:We report an extremely rare case of extramedullary plasmacytoma.Method:Case report and review of the English-literature concerning extramedullary plasmacytoma and multiple myeloma.Result:We present an unusual case of multiple extramedullary plasmacytomas, which, over a protracted course of 30 years, presented on different occasions at three separate sites in the head and neck. ...
Camacho-Miñano Maria J - - 2011
A narrative systematic review was conducted to describe the available evidence from physical activity (PA) interventions that targeted girls aged 5-18 years and to determine their effectiveness and key characteristics of success. Systematic literature searches were conducted using four databases: PubMed, Web of Science, PsychInfo and SPORTDiscus and by examining ...
Maftei Irinel-Doina - - 2011
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a zoonotic infectious disease caused by Hantaviruses, a group of RNA viruses belonging to the Bunyaviridae family. Humans may get the disease by contamination with excreta of carrier rodents. The disease typically manifests with the triad fever-thrombocytopenia-acute kidney injury (AKI). Although its global ...
Lippmann John M - - 2011
Background. Jellyfish are a common cause of injury throughout the world, with fatalities and severe systemic events not uncommon after tropical stings. The internet is a recent innovation to gain information on real-time health issues of travel destinations, including Southeast Asia. Methods. We applied the model of internet-based retrospective health ...
Hernández-Montero Elena - - 2011
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy is an infrequent, not widely known entity. Of genetic origin, it usually shows up in the 5(th)or 6(th) decade of life. Most cases are referred directly to the gastroenterologist by their general practitioner and not to the otolaryngologist, so it is essential to be aware of this ...
Hunter Ann Louise - - 2011
Pathological stress responses are implicated in numerous disorders. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function is influenced by gene-environment interaction, with early-life environmental adversity having long-lasting effects. We examine the evidence that, in humans, these effects are apparent from infancy. We systematically reviewed published findings on cortisol response to a stressor, in 0-5-year-olds already ...
Hogan S - - 2011
AIMS: This article aims to identify quality control (QC) best practice, to review published QC audits in order to identify how closely good practice is followed, and to carry out a market survey of the software features that support QC offered by urodynamics machines available in the UK. METHODS AND ...
Vachiramon V - - 2011
Postinflammatory hypopigmentation is a common cause of acquired hypopigmentary disorders. It can be a result of cutaneous inflammation, injury or dermatological treatment. There are also many specific conditions that present with hypopigmentation other than postinflammatory hypopigmentation. Most cases of postinflammatory hypopigmentation improve spontaneously within weeks or months if the primary ...
May K E - - 2011
BACKGROUND Endometriosis is usually diagnosed by an invasive procedure such as a laparoscopy. Great interest therefore lies in the potential to identify biomarkers which may be surrogates of disease presence or activity, especially relating to the effects of therapy. We have reviewed the existing literature on endometrial differences in women ...
Trof R J - - 2011
In this narrative review, the studies and analyses are discussed that pertain to benefits and detriments of synthetic colloids versus natural colloids or crystalloids used for fluid resuscitation in sepsis and septic shock. The relative amount of fluid infusions used to reach clinical or hemodynamic end-points are reviewed, as well ...
Goldwaser Batya R - - 2011
PURPOSE: Current devices for mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO) are complex and require significant patient or family skill during active distraction. Successful development of an automated, continuous distraction device would eliminate the need for patient participation in this process. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively review devices currently in ...
Ritz P - - 2011
Gastric bypass is one of the most efficient strategies for long-term weight loss and reduction of the comorbidities associated with morbid obesity. Of the complications secondary to gastric bypass, hypoglycaemic episodes have so far been poorly studied. The present study is a comprehensive report of the fewer than 100 cases described ...
Mineyko Aleksandra A The Division of Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2011
An improved understanding of perinatal stroke epidemiology, classification, neuroimaging, and outcomes has emerged in recent years. Despite this, little is known regarding the pathophysiological mechanisms responsible for most cases. A multitude of possible associations and putative risk factors have been reported, but most lack definitive empirical evidence supporting primary causation. ...
Zhao Damin - - 2011
We report a rare case of primary carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CXPA) of the mandible. A 13-year-old girl presented with a large mass, measuring about 30 cm in its greatest dimension, involving the mandible. She was referred to our department for surgery, and her postoperative course was uneventful; she is ...
Piccaluga Pier Paolo - - 2011
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is regarded as a distinct entity in the literature as well as in the 2008 edition of the WHO classification of tumours of haematopoietic and lymphoid tissues. Nevertheless, there are still several issues that are matters of controversy such as the grading system or the exact biological location ...
Couée Ivan - - 2011
This is a comment on Thatje (Naturwissenschaften 97:237-239, 2010) The multiple faces of journal peer review, Naturwissenschaften, 97:237-239.
Lin Chieh-Wen - - 2011
The Nuss procedure is the most popular technique for correction of pectus excavatum recently. Life-threatening complications associated with the procedure are very rare. We report a 13-year-old boy who developed late-onset bilateral hemothorax with hypovolemic shock 5 months after the Nuss procedure. In literature review, this is the first case of ...
Adetayo Oluwaseun A - - 2011
Giant omphaloceles present a reconstructive challenge in planning, management, and eventual closure of the abdominal wall defect. The goal of reconstruction is to recreate a functional abdominal wall domain and return the extra-anatomically placed viscera into the peritoneal cavity in a safe manner. Traditionally, placement of tissue expanders has been ...
Jones B F - - 2011
Objective:We report a case of leiomyosarcoma arising in the tonsil in a 73-year-old man.Method:Case report and review of the English language literature (using Pubmed, Ovid and Proquest databases).Results:To our knowledge, this is the first case of tonsillar leiomyosarcoma to be reported in the English language literature. Our patient presented with ...
Kress Douglas W - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of several severe skin diseases seen in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Several articles published recently added significantly to our understanding of drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), eczema herpeticum, staphylococcal scalded ...
Clairwood Marimeg Q - - 2011
Verrucous hemangioma represents a rare congenital vascular proliferation that may be mistaken for angiokeratoma. Histopathological examination of a deep biopsy is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of verrucous hemangioma based on its involvement of the deep dermis and subcutaneous tissue. We present two cases of verrucous hemangioma and discuss the ...
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