Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1738
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Gutkowski Krzysztof - - 2011
Corticosteroids are used widely to treat many types of disease. In general, these drugs are considered safe for the liver; however, recent reports have demonstrated that high-dose methylprednisolone (MT) may cause severe liver injury. Here, we report a case of a 24-year-old female who was given pulsed MT therapy for ...
Garnet D J - - 2011
We present an 80-year-old man with multiple medical problems, and acute abdominal pain with feculent emesis. An unenhanced CT examination of the abdomen and pelvis demonstrated jejunal diverticulitis and findings of high-grade small bowel obstruction caused by a large enterolith. Enterolith ileus has rarely been reported in the radiology literature. ...
Nogueira Ana - - 2011
Granuloma faciale (GF) is an uncommon inflammatory dermatosis that usually presents on the face as reddish brown or violaceous papules and nodules that may coalesce into plaques. Eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis (EAF) is a rare fibrosing condition that shares many histologic characteristics with GF and is regarded by some authors as ...
Hirpara Kieran Michael KM Cappagh National Orthopaedic Hospital, Finglas, Dublin 11, - - 2012
Cervical spondylosis is a common and disabling condition. It is generally felt that the initial management should be nonoperative, and these modalities include physiotherapy, analgesia and selective nerve root injections. Surgery should be reserved for moderate to severe myelopathy patients who have failed a period of conservative treatment and patients ...
Kelling Katharina - - 2011
PURPOSE: Ewing's sarcoma (ES) and primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) are closely related malignant neoplasms, usually affecting the skeletal system. Extraosseous ES/PNETs are uncommon, with occasional reports of tumors affecting the genitourinary tract. Only few cases of primary vulvar Ewing's sarcoma/PNET have previously been reported. METHODS: We present a patient with ...
Gasparyan Armen Yuri - - 2011
Review articles comprehensively covering a specific topic are crucial for successful research and academic projects. Most editors consider review articles for special and regular issues of journals. Writing a review requires deep knowledge and understanding of a field. The aim of this review is to analyze the main steps in ...
Cohen-Lehman Janna - - 2011
Objective: To review the potential adverse effects of thyroid hormone based nutraceuticals and describe a case of Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis (TPP) after abuse of a dietary supplement containing 3,5,3,'-triiodothyroacetic acid (tiratricol).Methods: We review the literature on potential dangers and therapeutic misadventures of thyroid hormone based nutraceuticals and present the clinical, ...
Cimino Traci - - 2011
In this study the authors address the quality of abstracts reviewed during a systematic review. Their objective was to describe the proportion of abstracts that could not be coded and to explore factors associated with that outcome. Using an exploratory design, a database of titles uploaded for analysis was examined ...
Morgan Marina S - - 2011
With four types of necrotizing fasciitis (NF) now recognized, the diagnosis and management of NF becomes more challenging as physicians face more unusual pathogenic and atypical presentations. With few published guidelines and little evidence base to justify therapies, much of the literature is pragmatic or provides limited evidence with small ...
Scott J F - - 2011
An additional eight or ten fluorides with multiferroic phases are listed as an addendum to our recent review ‘Multiferroic Fluorides’ (Scott J F and Blinc R 2011 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 23 113202).
Voth Harald - - 2011
The authors have indicated no significant interest with commercial supporters.
Cornelius Jan Frederick - - 2011
Bow hunter's syndrome (BHS) is defined as symptomatic, vertebro-basilar insufficiency caused by mechanical occlusion of the vertebral artery (VA) at the atlanto-axial level during head rotation. In the literature, about 40 cases have been reported. However, due to the rarity of this pathology, there are no guidelines for diagnosis and ...
Burstein Harold J - - 2011
PURPOSE To update the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Technology Assessment guidelines on chemotherapy sensitivity and resistance assays (CSRAs) published in 2004. METHODS An Update Working Group reviewed data published between December 1, 2003, and May 31, 2010. MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library were searched. The literature search yielded ...
Wallis A - - 2011
The radiology report is the primary method of communication between radiologist and referrer. Despite this, radiologists receive very little formal training regarding the structure of the radiology report and also its importance as a medico-legal document. We present a review of radiology reporting, highlighting the importance of report structure and ...
Dally E A - - 2011
PURPOSE: We analyzed the association between unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney and subsequent contralateral infundibular stenosis, which can result in progressive calyceal dilatation, and has been linked to global hyperfiltration injury and renal impairment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the last 10 years 200 children presented with unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney. Of ...
Wingfield T - - 2011
Encephalitic syndromes are a common medical emergency. The importance of early diagnosis and appropriate treatment is paramount. If initial investigations for infectious agents prove negative, other diagnoses must be considered promptly. Autoimmune encephalitides are being increasingly recognized as important (and potentially reversible) non-infectious causes of an encephalitic syndrome. We describe ...
Trindade DE Almeida Ada R - - 2011
BACKGROUND Botulinum toxin (BoNT) has been in use since the late 1970s, and over the last 20 years, its use has been extended to new indications in various areas of medicine. During these years of clinical use, some of the initial ideas have changed, and others have remained stable along ...
Haddock Rosemary - - 2011
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-radiological entity characterised by headache, seizures, visual disturbance, altered mental status and vasogenic oedema on neuro-imaging. We report a rare case of PRES in a 8-year-old female with Crohn's disease (CD) following Infliximab administration and colectomy. Clinical case reported including a review of ...
Wang Guoping - - 2011
In this critical review, metal oxides-based materials for electrochemical supercapacitor (ES) electrodes are reviewed in detail together with a brief review of carbon materials and conducting polymers. Their advantages, disadvantages, and performance in ES electrodes are discussed through extensive analysis of the literature, and new trends in material development are ...
Aghabiklooei Abbas - - 2011
We describe dangerous multiple self-inflicted brain-penetrating injuries caused by a nail gun device after a suicidal attempt for the first time in Iran. At the first forensic visit, we could not explain the manner of injuries. The authors reviewed the literature on the topics, and clinical presentation, radiographic findings, and ...
Azzouni Faris - - 2011
Introduction.  Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors are the first line drugs for treatment of erectile dysfunction. Sildenafil (Viagra(R) ), tadalafil (Cialis(R) ), and vardenafil (Levitra(R) ) are from the same class of drugs that inhibit PDE5. Transient visual symptoms such as change in color perception and increased light sensitivity are ...
Sobowale Oluwaseun - - 2011
Abstract Synovial cysts are often incidental findings on spinal imaging. They can present with back pain and radicular symptoms; rarely, they can rupture causing an epidural haematoma and thecal sac compression. We present the first reported case of a haemorrhagic synovial cyst causing thoracic cord compression, and review the pertinent ...
Rameau Anais - - 2011
We are reporting the case of a female child presenting for the management of symptomatic extensive tracheal hemangiomas who was successfully treated with multiple ablative procedures using KTP laser. This is the first description in the English literature of the use of KTP laser as primary treatment modality for the ...
Zhang Long - - 2012
As a popular exercise form, Tai Chi (TC) has been investigated to determine its contributions to an active and healthy lifestyle. There are an increasing number of researchers who focus on exploring the potential physiological and psychological benefits of TC but only a few systematic reviews of these benefits to ...
Wilczynski Nancy L - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine how well the previously validated broad and narrow Clinical Queries for treatment, diagnosis, prognosis, and etiology studies, retrieve not only primary studies but also relevant systematic reviews. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Using the Clinical Hedges Database housed at McMaster University, we tested the retrieval performance of the ...
Shane Tubbs R - - 2011
Persistence of intracranial fetal vasculature may be encountered by the neurosurgeon. Of these, the otic artery is extremely rare and to some, a true case has to date, not been authenticated. We report an adult patient found to harbor an otic artery. Moreover, neurological sequelae of this fetal vascular connection ...
Gumral Ramazan - - 2011
Mucormycosis (Zygomycosis) is a rare, invasive, opportunistic fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses, caused by a fungus of the order Mucorales. We report a case of rhinoorbital mucormycosis caused by Rhizopus oryzae in an acute lymphoblastic leukemia patient and review the 79 Mucormycosis cases reported in the last decade from ...
Kaplan Jennifer - - 2011
The pigmented purpuric dermatoses (PPD) are a group of diseases characterized by petechiae and bronze discoloration of the skin on the lower extremities. Histopathologically, extravasation of erythrocytes with hemosiderin deposition, a perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate centered on the superficial capillaries and endothelial cell swelling are seen. The granulomatous variant of PPD ...
Taylor Barry S - - 2011
Increasingly, human mesenchymal malignancies are being classified by the abnormalities that drive their pathogenesis. Although many of these aberrations are highly prevalent within particular sarcoma subtypes, few are currently targeted therapeutically. Indeed, most subtypes of sarcoma are still treated with traditional therapeutic modalities, and in many cases sarcomas are resistant ...
Varadarajulu Shyam - - 2011
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) Technology Committee provides reviews of existing, new, or emerging endoscopic technologies that have an impact on the practice of GI endoscopy. Evidence-based methodology is used, with a MEDLINE literature search to identify pertinent clinical studies on the topic and a MAUDE (U.S. Food ...
Das Siddhartha - - 2011
Injury to the male external genitalia and rupture of the diaphragm, are two very uncommon autopsy findings. To the best of our knowledge such a combination of injuries has not been reported in one particular case of autopsy in an English scientific literature. Degloving of the male external genitalia & ...
Jarry Julien - - 2011
Acute appendicitis is the most frequent emergency in gastrointestinal surgery. Obstruction of the appendiceal lumen appears to be one of the most common physiologic mechanisms for the development of acute appendicitis. Once obstructed, the dilatation of the lumen causes ischemia and necrosis of the wall. The most common organisms involved ...
Jain-Ghai Shailly - - 2011
Enzyme defects of the urea cycle typically present with significant hyperammonemia and its associated toxicity, in the first few months of life. However, arginase I (ARG1) deficiency, a rare autosomal recessive disorder, has classically been the exception. ARG1 deficiency usually presents later in life with spasticity, seizures, failure to thrive ...
Patterson Jonathan D - - 2011
Sarcomas of the breast are rare, comprising 1% of all breast tumors. Primary chondrosarcomas of the breast account for an extremely rare subset of such tumors, with few reports in the literature. We report the case of a 52 year-old woman with a primary chondrosarcoma of the breast and review ...
Lupi Isabella - - 2011
Medical therapy of autoimmune hypophysitis with immunosuppressive drugs can be effective to induce remission of the disease by treating both pituitary dysfunction and compression symptoms. We describe the case of a 41 year-old man with autoimmune hypophysitis in whom prednisone therapy induced remission of the disease but was followed by ...
Ramdoo K - - 2011
Objective:To report a rare case of a symptomatic malleo-incudal osteoma, and to highlight the difficulties in making the clinical diagnosis.Method:Case report and literature review.Results:Malleo-incudal osteoma is a rare cause of unilateral conductive hearing loss. Its symptoms may mimic those of other otological causes of conductive hearing loss, such as otosclerosis.Conclusion:This ...
Crossland G J - - 2011
This article reviews the literature pertaining to bismuth iodoform paraffin paste. Bismuth iodoform paraffin paste is used in most otolaryngology departments on a daily basis. Questions about its properties are common in postgraduate otolaryngology examinations. This article reviews bismuth iodoform paraffin paste's current and historical usage, constituents, properties, side effects, ...
Dunbar Nancy M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Transfusion services rely on transfusion reaction reporting to provide patient care and protect the blood supply. By voluntary participation in the Hemovigilance Module of the Biovigilance Component of the National Healthcare Safety Network, health care facilities have an opportunity to share institutional transfusion reaction data nationally. An optimally designed ...
Henderson Antony F - - 2011
Many authors have suggested that some road traffic crashes are disguised suicide attempts. A case report and literature review is used to explore this claim and to examine the frequency and risk factors associated with driver suicide. The author concludes the methodological difficulty of establishing the driver's intent of suicide ...
Hung Ling-Chien - - 2012
Topiramate (TPM) is a newer antiepileptic drug with high efficacy in treating various neurological disorders, especially epilepsy and migraine. The adverse effects of TPM therapy are mainly central nervous system-related somnolence and dizziness. There are rare reports about the role of TPM on sexual effects, but with inconsistent results. In ...
Millonig Alban - - 2011
Supernumerary phantom limbs, that is, the awareness of an illusory extra limb is a fascinating neurologic symptom that has been described in a number of neurologic diseases including stroke, spinal injury, and epilepsy. Herein we report a case of a 70-year-old male patient with new-onset focal seizures with left-sided supernumerary ...
Toepfer Nicholas J - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To describe three patients who presented to a single institution within four years of each other with isolated granuloma annulare of the penis. Granuloma annulare is an inflammatory disease of the dermis that can affect men of any age including childhood. Granuloma annulare of the penis is a remarkably ...
Pedersen Vibe Hjelholt - - 2011
Objectives: To propose a new method for comparing and integrating original qualitative data with systematic reviews of quantitative and qualitative studies, demonstrated by a study of the psychosocial needs of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) sufferers in Québec.Methods: A systematic literature review was performed across various databases for English and French ...
Nandi Biplab - - 2011
Neonatal testicular torsion (NTT) is rare and reported salvage rates vary widely both in their cited frequency and plausibility. The timing and necessity of surgery is controversial with different centers arguing for the conservative management of all cases while others argue for prompt exploration for all. Confusion also reigns over ...
Spiteri Cornish K - - 2011
Capillary haemangioma or infantile haemangioma (IH) is the most common congenital vascular tumour in the periocular region. Several treatment modalities have been documented, with variable degree of success. Propranolol has recently been reported to be an effective and safe alternative. The aim of this systematic review is to examine the ...
Jesus Lisieux E - - 2011
Scrotoschisis, the congenital extrusion of the testis through the scrotal wall, is very rare. We describe a new case and review the pertinent published data. A male neonate presented with left scrotoschisis that was repaired successfully with a Denis-Browne trans-scrotal orchiopexy, with antibiotic coverage. The testes were intrascrotal and symmetric ...
Yeboah John - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiac involvement in sarcoidosis is not always associated with a wide spread of disease, but when present, has been linked with a relatively poor prognosis. This review will delve into new genetic associations, recently reported clinical manifestations and complementary radiographic tools that aid with diagnosis and follow-up. ...
Bukowski John A - - 2011
Perchloroethylene is a solvent that is widely used for dry cleaning. There has been considerable interest in the toxicity of this chemical because of the potential for low-level exposure among a large portion of the US population. Although substantial epidemiologic literature exists on high-level occupational exposure to perchloroethylene, there are ...
Kwon B K - - 2011
Although various occupational physical activities are suspected of contributing to low back pain (LBP), causal relationships have not been confirmed, complicating adjudication of work injuries, return to work instructions and preventive efforts. To summarize eight systematic review (SR) reports that examined evidence supporting causal relationships between bending/twisting, awkward postures, sitting, ...
Smith Ian - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Alpha-2-agonists have long been known to have anaesthetic-sparing, sedative and analgesic properties which are desirable in day case anaesthesia. Their routine use was hampered by a high incidence of undesirable effects, however. In recent years, there have been many attempts to define a role for these unique ...
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