Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1762
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Nuñez Sara - - 2011
Considering the complexity of congenital midline abnormalities of the brain, it is mandatory to review and summarize the subject, based on embryologic development, developmental biology, clinical approach, neuroimaging, and molecular genetics. There are still several areas of poor knowledge, confusion, and controversy. Pathogenesis in some cases is not clearly understood, ...
Reddy Kavitha K - - 2011
Background. Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is an uncommon tumor of the skin with high rates of local recurrence. Several reports describe a frequent history of local trauma. In one prior case, a DFSP arising in a tattoo site has been reported. Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) has been used successfully for treatment. ...
Bowles Richard J - - 2011
PURPOSE: We propose to look at the quality of performance metrics reporting in papers comparing two or more treatments. Our goal is to provide additional context in the focus on evidence-based medicine. METHODS: We reviewed papers (1082 papers with 98 papers meeting the inclusion criteria) from four important orthopaedic journals ...
Weinshank Lindsay B - - 2011
Paratesticular leiomyosarcoma is a rare entity. Greater than 95% of tumors arising within the scrotal sac are testicular in origin. Of the paratesticular tumors, rhabdomyosarcoma accounts for nearly half of malignant masses. Paratesticular leiomyosarcoma is infrequently encountered, resulting in a relative paucity of literature regarding this tumor type. Here we ...
Burford B - - 2011
Background  This study examined the potential of a retrospective video reviewing process [Burford Reviewing Process (BRP)] for enabling people with intellectual disabilities to describe their experiences of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT). It is the first time that the BRP, described in this paper, has been used with people with intellectual ...
Danoff Jonathan R - - 2011
Scapholunate interosseous ligament (SLIL) instability is the most common form of carpal instability. There is a lack of consensus among hand surgeons as to the appropriate treatment of various stages. This article reviews the background and results of thermal treatment of predynamic instability of the SLIL. Case examples are discussed ...
Gutkowski Krzysztof - - 2011
Corticosteroids are used widely to treat many types of disease. In general, these drugs are considered safe for the liver; however, recent reports have demonstrated that high-dose methylprednisolone (MT) may cause severe liver injury. Here, we report a case of a 24-year-old female who was given pulsed MT therapy for ...
Curzon M E J - - 2011
To provide guidance on reviewing scientific manuscripts for publication. Scientific peer review is possibly one of the most important tasks a scientist is asked to do. It carries a great responsibility and needs to be conscientiously and thoroughly carried out. It is most important that a reviewer decides very quickly ...
Fulop Sean A - - 2011
The purpose of these acoustical patent reviews is to provide enough information for a Journal reader to decide whether to seek more information from the patent itself. Any opinions expressed here are those of the reviewers as individuals and are not legal opinions. Printed copies of United States Patents may ...
Garnet D J - - 2011
We present an 80-year-old man with multiple medical problems, and acute abdominal pain with feculent emesis. An unenhanced CT examination of the abdomen and pelvis demonstrated jejunal diverticulitis and findings of high-grade small bowel obstruction caused by a large enterolith. Enterolith ileus has rarely been reported in the radiology literature. ...
Lee Paul - - 2011
In this article the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, investigation, management, and prognosis of hypopituitarism and hypothalamic dysfunction, arising from skull base pathologies and treatment of these conditions, are reviewed and discussed. The clinical question: "What is the consequence of pituitary hypofunction in young patients (ie, craniopharyngioma)?" is answered based on ...
Nogueira Ana - - 2011
Granuloma faciale (GF) is an uncommon inflammatory dermatosis that usually presents on the face as reddish brown or violaceous papules and nodules that may coalesce into plaques. Eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis (EAF) is a rare fibrosing condition that shares many histologic characteristics with GF and is regarded by some authors as ...
Yan Jennifer - - 2011
We present a case report and comprehensive literature review of pediatric traumatic abdominal wall hernia caused by a blow from a bicycle handlebar. Traumatic abdominal wall hernia is a rare complication of bicycle handlebar injury. An awareness of this entity will help prevent a missed diagnosis. Operative repair is met ...
Park Jin - - 2011
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is one of the most commonly diagnosed malignant skin tumors and develops characteristically on sun-exposed areas, such as the head and neck. Ultraviolet light exposure is an important etiologic factor in BCCs, and BCCs arising from non-sun- exposed areas are, therefore, very rare. In particular, the ...
Milman Tatyana - - 2011
Purpose: To report an immunocompetent patient with Nocardia exalbida endogenous endophthalmitis. Design: Case report. Methods: Clinical-pathologic correlation and microbiologic evaluation were performed on an enucleated eye. Results: A 56-year-old man presented with rapidly progressive vision loss associated with a posterior choroidal mass and serous retinal detachment. Pathologic evaluation of the ...
Mickenautsch Steffen S Division of Public Oral Health, Faculty of Health Science, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. - - 2011
To investigate extent and quality of current systematic review evidence regarding: powered toothbrushes, triclosan toothpaste, essential oil mouthwashes, xylitol chewing gum. Five databases were searched for systematic reviews until 13 November 2010. relevant to topic, systematic review according to title and/or abstract, published in English. Article exclusion criteria were based ...
Kamocki Zbigniew - - 2011
In this case report, we describe a rare event: acute inflammation of the true cecal diverticulum. Emergency surgery enabled proper diagnosis and management of this condition. Diagnostic approaches and the management of this disease are described in detail and based on literature review. In conclusion, pathologies of cecal diverticula should ...
Hirpara Kieran Michael KM Cappagh National Orthopaedic Hospital, Finglas, Dublin 11, - - 2012
Cervical spondylosis is a common and disabling condition. It is generally felt that the initial management should be nonoperative, and these modalities include physiotherapy, analgesia and selective nerve root injections. Surgery should be reserved for moderate to severe myelopathy patients who have failed a period of conservative treatment and patients ...
Bodla Ali A - - 2011
Angiomatous meningioma is a rare and distinct meningioma variant characterised with predominance of microvascularcomponent.There are few reported cases in literature with limited information on ophthalmic manifestations and radiological findings. There is no consistent feature reported so far of this neoplasm to aid in its diagnosis. Authors report an interesting case ...
Furbee Brent - - 2011
Manganese-induced parkinsonism has been recognized since 1837. It has been reported primarily in miners, grinders, and smelters since that time. More recently, isolated case reports involving welders have appeared in the medical literature. Manganism can be distinguished from other forms of parkinsonism by clinical presentation with support from laboratory and ...
Ranger Adrianna - - 2011
In most instances, initial surgery to untether a tethered spinal cord is successful. But what happens when it is not? The authors describe the case of a now 18-year-old woman with spina bifida in whom surgery for tethered cord was required on two occasions. In both instances, due to the ...
Kosaraju Kranthi - - 2011
Recently, there has been an increase in the incidence of cryptococcosis even among immunocompetent patients. We present a case of multiple subcutaneous swellings later developing into a non-healing ulcer caused by Cryptococcus in a 60 year-old immunocompetent male along with a brief review of clinical presentations of cutaneous cryptococcosis in ...
Euanorasetr Chakrapan - - 2011
Gastroduodenal intussusception is not a common clinical condition. It is usually caused by transpyloric prolapse of a benign gastric lesion into the duodenum. In the present report, the authors present an extremely rare case of gastroduodenal intussusception in which gastric carcinoma served as the lending point. Pre-operative diagnosis was made ...
Jiang C-S - - 2011
Epipolythiodioxopiperazines (ETPs), characterized by a unique bridged disulfide or polysulfide dioxopiperazine six-membered ring, occur in many fungi. Due to its broad spectra of bioactivities, ETPs have drawn wide attention in recent years. This review covers diverse natural sources that produce ETPs, the synthetic chemistry of ETPs and an overview of ...
Fraga Braulio M - - 2011
Covering: January 2010 to December 2010. Previous review: Nat. Prod. Rep. 2010, 27, 1681.
Jang Eun Joo - - 2011
Granuloma annulare (GA) is a common, benign, chronic inflammatory disorder, which is characterized by grouped papules in an enlarging annular shape. It has been described in several clinical subtypes, including localized, generalized, subcutaneous, perforating, and erythematous types. Even though generalized, subcutaneous, and perforating types of GA are unusual, there are ...
Dias Vasco - - 2011
Listeria monocytogenes, although an uncommon cause of illness in the general population, is feared principally because of the morbidity and mortality associated with CNS infections. Cardiovascular involvement with L. monocytogenes is very rare, and has been limited to endocarditis. We describe a case of Listeria pericarditis, which occurred in a ...
Kelling Katharina - - 2011
PURPOSE: Ewing's sarcoma (ES) and primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) are closely related malignant neoplasms, usually affecting the skeletal system. Extraosseous ES/PNETs are uncommon, with occasional reports of tumors affecting the genitourinary tract. Only few cases of primary vulvar Ewing's sarcoma/PNET have previously been reported. METHODS: We present a patient with ...
Cohen-Lehman Janna - - 2011
Objective: To review the potential adverse effects of thyroid hormone based nutraceuticals and describe a case of Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis (TPP) after abuse of a dietary supplement containing 3,5,3,'-triiodothyroacetic acid (tiratricol).Methods: We review the literature on potential dangers and therapeutic misadventures of thyroid hormone based nutraceuticals and present the clinical, ...
Cimino Traci - - 2011
In this study the authors address the quality of abstracts reviewed during a systematic review. Their objective was to describe the proportion of abstracts that could not be coded and to explore factors associated with that outcome. Using an exploratory design, a database of titles uploaded for analysis was examined ...
Gasparyan Armen Yuri - - 2011
Review articles comprehensively covering a specific topic are crucial for successful research and academic projects. Most editors consider review articles for special and regular issues of journals. Writing a review requires deep knowledge and understanding of a field. The aim of this review is to analyze the main steps in ...
Morgan Marina S - - 2011
With four types of necrotizing fasciitis (NF) now recognized, the diagnosis and management of NF becomes more challenging as physicians face more unusual pathogenic and atypical presentations. With few published guidelines and little evidence base to justify therapies, much of the literature is pragmatic or provides limited evidence with small ...
Scott J F - - 2011
An additional eight or ten fluorides with multiferroic phases are listed as an addendum to our recent review ‘Multiferroic Fluorides’ (Scott J F and Blinc R 2011 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 23 113202).
Voth Harald - - 2011
The authors have indicated no significant interest with commercial supporters.
Cornelius Jan Frederick - - 2011
Bow hunter's syndrome (BHS) is defined as symptomatic, vertebro-basilar insufficiency caused by mechanical occlusion of the vertebral artery (VA) at the atlanto-axial level during head rotation. In the literature, about 40 cases have been reported. However, due to the rarity of this pathology, there are no guidelines for diagnosis and ...
Burstein Harold J - - 2011
PURPOSE To update the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Technology Assessment guidelines on chemotherapy sensitivity and resistance assays (CSRAs) published in 2004. METHODS An Update Working Group reviewed data published between December 1, 2003, and May 31, 2010. MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library were searched. The literature search yielded ...
Wallis A - - 2011
The radiology report is the primary method of communication between radiologist and referrer. Despite this, radiologists receive very little formal training regarding the structure of the radiology report and also its importance as a medico-legal document. We present a review of radiology reporting, highlighting the importance of report structure and ...
Dally E A - - 2011
PURPOSE: We analyzed the association between unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney and subsequent contralateral infundibular stenosis, which can result in progressive calyceal dilatation, and has been linked to global hyperfiltration injury and renal impairment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the last 10 years 200 children presented with unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney. Of ...
Wingfield T - - 2011
Encephalitic syndromes are a common medical emergency. The importance of early diagnosis and appropriate treatment is paramount. If initial investigations for infectious agents prove negative, other diagnoses must be considered promptly. Autoimmune encephalitides are being increasingly recognized as important (and potentially reversible) non-infectious causes of an encephalitic syndrome. We describe ...
Haddock Rosemary - - 2011
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-radiological entity characterised by headache, seizures, visual disturbance, altered mental status and vasogenic oedema on neuro-imaging. We report a rare case of PRES in a 8-year-old female with Crohn's disease (CD) following Infliximab administration and colectomy. Clinical case reported including a review of ...
Wang Guoping - - 2011
In this critical review, metal oxides-based materials for electrochemical supercapacitor (ES) electrodes are reviewed in detail together with a brief review of carbon materials and conducting polymers. Their advantages, disadvantages, and performance in ES electrodes are discussed through extensive analysis of the literature, and new trends in material development are ...
Trindade DE Almeida Ada R - - 2011
BACKGROUND Botulinum toxin (BoNT) has been in use since the late 1970s, and over the last 20 years, its use has been extended to new indications in various areas of medicine. During these years of clinical use, some of the initial ideas have changed, and others have remained stable along ...
Aghabiklooei Abbas - - 2011
We describe dangerous multiple self-inflicted brain-penetrating injuries caused by a nail gun device after a suicidal attempt for the first time in Iran. At the first forensic visit, we could not explain the manner of injuries. The authors reviewed the literature on the topics, and clinical presentation, radiographic findings, and ...
Azzouni Faris - - 2011
Introduction.  Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors are the first line drugs for treatment of erectile dysfunction. Sildenafil (Viagra(R) ), tadalafil (Cialis(R) ), and vardenafil (Levitra(R) ) are from the same class of drugs that inhibit PDE5. Transient visual symptoms such as change in color perception and increased light sensitivity are ...
Rameau Anais - - 2011
We are reporting the case of a female child presenting for the management of symptomatic extensive tracheal hemangiomas who was successfully treated with multiple ablative procedures using KTP laser. This is the first description in the English literature of the use of KTP laser as primary treatment modality for the ...
Sobowale Oluwaseun - - 2011
Abstract Synovial cysts are often incidental findings on spinal imaging. They can present with back pain and radicular symptoms; rarely, they can rupture causing an epidural haematoma and thecal sac compression. We present the first reported case of a haemorrhagic synovial cyst causing thoracic cord compression, and review the pertinent ...
Zhang Long - - 2012
As a popular exercise form, Tai Chi (TC) has been investigated to determine its contributions to an active and healthy lifestyle. There are an increasing number of researchers who focus on exploring the potential physiological and psychological benefits of TC but only a few systematic reviews of these benefits to ...
Wilczynski Nancy L - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine how well the previously validated broad and narrow Clinical Queries for treatment, diagnosis, prognosis, and etiology studies, retrieve not only primary studies but also relevant systematic reviews. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Using the Clinical Hedges Database housed at McMaster University, we tested the retrieval performance of the ...
Shane Tubbs R - - 2011
Persistence of intracranial fetal vasculature may be encountered by the neurosurgeon. Of these, the otic artery is extremely rare and to some, a true case has to date, not been authenticated. We report an adult patient found to harbor an otic artery. Moreover, neurological sequelae of this fetal vascular connection ...
Gumral Ramazan - - 2011
Mucormycosis (Zygomycosis) is a rare, invasive, opportunistic fungal infection of the paranasal sinuses, caused by a fungus of the order Mucorales. We report a case of rhinoorbital mucormycosis caused by Rhizopus oryzae in an acute lymphoblastic leukemia patient and review the 79 Mucormycosis cases reported in the last decade from ...
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