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Results 451 - 500 of 1762
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Chang Ki-Hong - - 2011
A petrified auricle is a rare condition in which the structure becomes partially or completely rigid. It arises as a consequence of calcification or ossification of the auricular cartilage. An ossified auricle is much more rare than a calcified cartilage, and it can be diagnosed only by histology. To the ...
Spiliopoulou Paulina - - 2011
We present a rare case of small cell carcinoma of the rectum presenting with rectal bleeding and discomfort in a fit 51-year-old gentleman. Our patient was treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy and remains alive and free of disease 6 years after diagnosis. Our patient experience and review ...
Khan M As - - 2011
Intussusception through loop ileostomy is rare and must be treated without delay to avoid further complications. Retrograde intussusception is even rarer. We report a case of small bowel obstruction caused by retrograde intussusception through the distal limb of loop ileostomy in a male patient. A literature search is also carried ...
Ibinaiye P O - - 2011
A rare case of porocephalosis infection presenting with an acute abdominal emergency in a 60 year old Nigerian is presented. The characteristic radiologic appearance of Armillifer nymph is described, and clinical findings which may be caused by this parasite are reviewed. A brief review of the epidemiology of porocephalosis is ...
Zhylich Dzmitry - - 2011
To review the published literature in order to address clinical questions regarding the indications, effects and outcomes of mandibular incisor extraction in orthodontics. Three electronic databases were searched: PubMed (1950-January 2011), Ovid Embase+Ovid Embase Classic (1947-January 2011) and Cochrane library (6 Cochrane databases, 1996-January 2011). The following journals were additionally ...
Fulop Sean A - - 2011
The purpose of these acoustical patent reviews is to provide enough information for a Journal reader to decide whether to seek more information from the patent itself. Any opinions expressed here are those of the reviewers as individuals and are not legal opinions. Printed copies of United States Patents may ...
Hardesty Christina K - - 2011
Treatment methods in Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (LCPD) have varied during the 100-year history of this disorder. This is a review of the present practice of bracing in LCPD. Published articles from the last 35 years were reviewed including primary analyses of bracing, meta-analysis, and summaries of present opinion. The recent literature ...
Kanarek Marty S - - 2011
There are different mineral classes of asbestos, including serpentines and amphiboles. Chrysotile is the main type of serpentine and by far the most frequently used type of asbestos (about 95% of world production and use). There has been continuing controversy over the capability of chrysotile asbestos to cause pleural and ...
Zaina F - - 2011
Since the number of publications about rehabilitation has been increasing over the years, there is necessity for reviews to have a more complete overlook of the evidence. The Cochrane Collaboration provides high quality reviews from which we can draw the most reliable clinical indications. Since 2007 EJPRM lists and presents ...
Chen Xueyan - - 2011
The authors report, to the best of their knowledge, the first case of lumbosacral choristoma of breast origin, presenting in a young girl with lumbosacral lipomyelomeningocele. Although choristomas are considered to be benign, the regrowth of this mass when the patient was 15 and 16 years of age, and its ...
- - 2011
The emergence of digital talking books in Arabic is one of a number of exciting developments. Lynn Itani reports.
Choi Chang-Min - - 2011
Eccrine porocarcinoma is a rare neoplasm that originates from the intraepidermal ductal portion of the eccrine sweat gland, and it usually occurs on the pre-existing lesion of benign eccine poroma. Its occurrence is more common in females and elderly persons. We present a case of a 44-year-old man who suffered ...
Kasi Pashtoon Murtaza - - 2011
Gallbladder agenesis is a rare entity with an estimated incidence of 10-65 per 100,000. Females are more commonly affected (ratio 3:1), typically presenting in the 2nd or 3rd decade of life. Despite an absent gallbladder, half of patients present with symptoms similar to biliary colic, which is poorly understood. Clinicians ...
Grundlingh Johann - - 2011
2,4-Dinitrophenol (DNP) is reported to cause rapid loss of weight, but unfortunately is associated with an unacceptably high rate of significant adverse effects. DNP is sold mostly over the internet under a number of different names as a weight loss/slimming aid. It causes uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation; the classic symptom ...
Crosiers David - - 2011
Parkinson's disease is known to present and mostly persist as an asymmetrical movement disorder in most cases. The asymmetry is mainly described in motor features such as bradykinesia, rigidity and tremor in upper and lower limbs. Unilateral hypomimia however, has only been reported in 14 patients, all of whom showed ...
Rasmussen D Kade - - 2011
There has been speculation that third generation hormonal contraceptives may be less prone to inducing clotting than the earlier generation products. We present a case of colonic ischemia in a young adolescent receiving pharmacotherapy with a third-generation hormonal contraceptive. Ischemic colitis is an uncommon adverse effect in young adolescents associated ...
Macpherson Jane - - 2011
This article seeks to clarify the legal position on driving by people who have been discharged from emergency departments or minor injury units after treatment for injuries. It discusses a literature review about the advice such people are given and the advice they want, and the responsibility of clinicians in ...
Umredkar Alok - - 2011
Intraparenchymal schwannomas are rare and most of the reported cases are in supratentorial region with frontal lobe being most common. Infratentorial location is very rare. We report a posterior fossa midline large cystic schwannoma with mural nodule mimicking as pilocytic astrocytoma. The pathogenesis and neuroradiological findings of intraparenchymal schwannomas are ...
Ramnarayan B K - - 2011
Gingival hyperplasia is a rare condition and is of importance for cosmetic and mechanical reasons. Idiopathic gingival fibromatosis, a benign, slow-growing proliferation of the gingival tissues, is genetically heterogeneous. The enlargement is most intense during the eruption of the primary and permanent teeth, and minimal or nondetectable growth is observed ...
Ayer Robert E - - 2011
Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome whose hallmark lesions are benign lipomas of the brain and spinal cord. The authors present a case of a male infant with ECCL who had extensive brainstem and spinal cord lipomas. The management of this patient's hydrocephalus, cervicomedullary compression, tethered cord, and ...
Reid William H - - 2011
Psychiatrists and other mental health professionals are asked from time to time to provide reports that will be used in legal or administrative actions ("forensic" reports, expressing "opinions" beyond personal observations). This article provides general guidance and recommendations for forensic report writing, particularly when the writer has limited forensic experience. ...
Shukla Ram Mohan - - 2011
Congenital penile urethrocutaneous fistula is described as an unusual developmental anomaly in children who present with an abnormal opening on the ventral aspect of penis with a normal foreskin and an absence of chordee and hypospadias. The authors present a discussion on the etiology, embryology, and management of this entity ...
Brown Kari E - - 2011
Resident's Case Study The reports of spinal accessory nerve injury in the literature primarily focus on injury following surgical dissection or traumatic stretch injury. There is limited literature describing the presentation and diagnosis of this injury with an unknown cause. The purpose of this case report is to describe the ...
Muthucumaru Mathievathaniy - - 2011
Hydatids of Morgagni are very common incidental findings during laparoscopy in women of all age groups. However, torsion of these hydatids is very rarely reported in the literature. This report discusses the importance of considering torsion of hydatids of Morgagni in young adolescent girls who present with acute-onset lower abdominal ...
Nguyen Thy P - - 2011
Multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) is a unique disorder characterized by slowly progressive, asymmetric, distal and upper limb predominant weakness without significant sensory abnormalities. Electrophysiology is crucial to the diagnosis, revealing the hallmark partial conduction block. MMN is considered immune mediated due to the association with anti-GM1 antibodies and the response ...
Elmistekawy E M - - 2011
Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest is an essential tool in the surgeon's armamentarium. There are essentially three strategies to address cerebral ischemia during arrest periods. Early surgical case series pioneered the option of complete anoxia with deep hypothermia. Subsequent innovators introduced the concept of retrograde perfusion of the cerebral vessels through ...
De Santis Giuseppe - - 2011
Intramural hematoma of the colon is rare. It may be "spontaneous" in patients with anticoagulant therapy or blood dyscrasia or caused by blunt abdominal trauma. An uncertain origin is also reported, so we have also "idiopathic hematoma". The AA report a new case of uncertain origin and review the literature. ...
Gulati Aakshay - - 2011
Carcinoid tumours are slow growing tumours of neuroendocrine origin that primarily affect the gastrointestinal tract and pulmonary system. They can behave aggressively, with regional and distant metastases, although metastases to the head and neck region are uncommon. We present a rare case of carcinoid metastasis to the submandibular gland, which ...
Lemoine Tara J - - 2011
The objective of the study was to report the toxicity of phosphine gas after a residential fumigation that resulted in fatal poisoning of a 15-month-old toddler and her 4-year-old sibling. This is a case report and a review of literature. A family of 6 members was exposed to phosphine gas ...
Inniss Laura - - 2011
This article demonstrates how services provided in minor injury units (MIUs) and emergency departments (EDs) can be improved by the implementation of routine thromboprophylaxis by subcutaneous injections of low molecular weight heparin for patients whose lower limbs are immobilised by plaster casts. The author offers evidence of the need for ...
Arbesman Marian - - 2011
Systematic reviews of literature relevant to adults with Alzheimer's disease and their families are important to the practice of occupational therapy. We describe the seven questions that served as the focus for systematic reviews of the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for adults with Alzheimer's disease and their families. We ...
de Queiroz Fuscaldi Laura Abdo Nalon - - 2011
A 10-year-old female patient, being treated for dystrophic bullous epidermolysis in a Pediatric Hospital, was referred to our Dermoscopy Ambulatory because of a newly observed mole in the submandibular area. Clinically, the lesion presented as an irregular double-colored macule of about 2 cm in diameter, with irregular borders, suspicious of ...
Raber Earl L EL Section of Imaging, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, University of Calgary, - - 2011
MRI is helpful in characterizing splenic lesions, but there can be significant variability and overlap in the appearance of both benign and malignant splenic lesions; thus, a confident diagnosis can be presentation and classic imaging appearance , and further assessment for any other associated findings suggestive of systemic sarcoidosis is ...
Cipriani A - - 2011
Systematic reviews carried out by Cochrane Collaboration (an international network of researchers belonging to this independent, not-for-profit organization) are recognized worldwide as the highest standard in evidence-based healthcare. The main reason is that Cochrane reviews follow a common and specific methodology to limit bias and random error. In this issue, ...
Bazzi Wassim M - - 2011
Approximately 5% of all patients diagnosed with testicular cancer may have contralateral intratubular germ cell neoplasia (ITGCN) and may develop contralateral germ cell tumor. Here, we present a historical review and current literature regarding ITGCN and partial orchiectomy. The PubMed world literature search was performed for articles written in the ...
de Holanda Narriane Chaves P - - 2011
Hashimoto's encephalopathy, first described in 1966, is still problematic in terms of its pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment. The syndrome is more common in women, and is associated with autoimmune antithyroid antibodies. Presentation varies considerably; there may be episodes of cerebral ischemia, seizure, or psychosis, or there may be depression, cognitive ...
Malhotra K - - 2011
Functional colonic obstruction is a colonic motility disorder with a number of causes. One cause is myenteric ganglionitis, which may result from paraneoplastic processes. We present the case of a previously healthy 53-year-old man who presented with a week's history of functional colonic obstruction. A transverse loop colostomy failed to ...
Karabegovic Amna - - 2011
Nontraumatic spinal cord injury from surfing is a new entity first described in 2004 and likely of ischemic etiology. We report the case of a 25-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with a 2-week history of lower extremity weakness after surfing in Indonesia. The patient reported developing low ...
Naveen Farzan - - 2011
Calcifications or hard tissue deposits in the wall of keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT) are rare and uncommon. Three types of calcifications have been reported in the literature: dystrophic, cartilagenous, dentinoid. A case of maxillary KCOT with calcification is reported with a review on prevalence and pathogenesis of these calcifications. The ...
Magnuson Ryan J - - 2011
We present an interesting case of tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration. A 29-year-old healthy female, with no history of pulmonary disease, presented on multiple occasions to healthcare providers with wheezing and cough. She was repeatedly diagnosed and treated for asthma with acute exacerbations. Upon further evaluation, the patient was subsequently found ...
Litsas G - - 2011
Crohn's disease is a chronic, inflammatory process, probably immunologically mediated, that may affect any segment of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus, usually in a discontinuous fashion. Oral manifestations are important clinical findings in Crohn's disease. Description of a young male with oral manifestations of Crohn's disease is detailed ...
Adeb Melkamu - - 2011
Marked testicular enlargement in the pediatric age group can be caused by many different conditions and is rarely idiopathic. Ultrasound is the primary imaging modality for evaluation of such cases. Bilateral asymmetric idiopathic macro-orchidism with diffuse testicular lobulations is a condition which has not been described before in the literature. ...
Hiremath Mandira - - 2011
Ligneous conjunctivitis, secondary to inherited homozygous plasminogen deficiency, is a poorly understood condition that has the potential to hinder normal childhood development if not managed adequately. We report the clinical progression of a child with ligneous conjunctivitis, controlled with daily heparin eye drops, postsurgical excision, for a duration of approximately ...
Esin Sertac - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To present a challenging case of hCG positivity in a young patient and to review similar cases reported in the literature. METHODS: Literature search of gonadoblastoma cases with pure 46, XX karyotype using PubMed database. RESULTS: A 15-year-old girl with hCG positivity was investigated for the source and the ...
Cerdas-Quesada César - - 2011
The role of plasmapheresis on the treatment of Leptospirosis has not been define, although it has already been used with beneficial effects in the reported case mentioned above, where was possible to contribute to the resolution of the toxic effects on the tubular renal cells. This case report show how ...
Enatsu Rei - - 2011
Ictal singing has been rarely reported and the neural networks underlying this specific symptom remain unknown. We report a nineteen-year-old man with medically refractory seizures who exhibited ictal singing and laughing. He underwent intracranial stereotactic EEG recording which demonstrated ictal activity in medial and dorsolateral regions of the left frontal ...
Duque Vitor - - 2011
Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) is a disease caused by Rickettsia conorii and transmitted by the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus. It is widely distributed through southern Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. It is an emerging or a reemerging disease in some regions. Countries of the Mediterranean basin, such as ...
Sarva Harini - - 2011
We report two cases of sarcoidosis which were initially misdiagnosed due to profound hypoglycorrhachia. Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory disorder which can mimick other entities and has a vast array of presentations including altered mentation and signs of increased intracranial pressure. Though hypoglycorrhachia has been described previously, these two cases ...
Deluca Lawrence A LA - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Automated external defibrillators are essential for treatment of cardiac arrest by lay rescuers and must determine when to shock and if they are functioning correctly. We seek to characterize automated external defibrillator failures reported to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and whether battery failures are properly detected ...
Sari Ismail - - 2011
Severe amitriptyline poisoning results in cardiac and neurological toxicity and continues to be a leading cause of significant morbidity and mortality both in children and adults. We present a case of severe amitriptyline poisoning successfully treated with plasma exchange. Due to high plasma protein binding property of amitriptyline, plasma exchange ...
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