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Fischman Mark G MG a Auburn - - 2014
Knudson, Morrow, and Thomas ( 2014 ) recently summarized a number of important issues related to the quality of peer review and current peer-review practice in kinesiology. This writer endorses their six recommendations for improving peer review in kinesiology journals. The purpose of this commentary is to further highlight the ...
Javed Saqib S Royal Preston Hospital, Sharoe Green Lane, Preston, PR2 9HT UK ; 351 Colne Road, Burnley, Lancashire BB10 2LB - - 2014
Anomalous muscles usually do not cause symptoms but are of academic interest mainly discovered during cadaveric dissection. An aberrant muscle belly arising from the index finger flexor digitorum superficialis tendon causing carpal tunnel syndrome is rare. The management of such an anatomical variant is dependent on whether the median nerve ...
Jenkins David D Dermatology Department, Churchill Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Headington, - - 2014
Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (SCLE) is a dermatosis that occurs in genetically predisposed individuals. The exogenous stimulus that triggers this condition is usually unknown; however, medication is often implicated. Malignancy is a rare cause. We present a case of paraneoplastic SCLE to cholangiocarcinoma and briefly review the features of this ...
Barroga Edward F EF 0000-0002-8920-2607 Department of International Medical Communications, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Peer review is the pillar of the integrity of science communication. It is often beset with flaws as well as accusations of unreliability and lack of predictive validity. 'Rational cheating' by reviewers is a threat to the validity of peer review. It may diminish the value of good papers by ...
Hill Robert A RA School of Chemistry, Glasgow University, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK. - - 2014
Covering: 2012. Previous review: Nat. Prod. Rep., 2013, 29, 1028-1065This review covers the isolation and structure determination of triterpenoids reported during 2012 including squalene derivatives, lanostanes, holostanes, cycloartanes, cucurbitanes, dammaranes, euphanes, tirucallanes, tetranortriterpenoids, quassinoids, lupanes, oleananes, friedelanes, ursanes, hopanes, serratanes, isomalabaricanes and saponins; 348 references are cited.
Wiffen Philip J - - 2014
ABSTRACT The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly as a DVD and monthly online ( http://www.thecochranelibrary.com ). The July 2014 issue (3rd DVD for 2014) contains 6050 complete reviews, 2,359 protocols for reviews in production, and 31,000 short summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. ...
Dunn Adam G - - 2014
Industry funding and financial conflicts of interest may contribute to bias in the synthesis and interpretation of scientific evidence. To examine the association between financial conflicts of interest and characteristics of systematic reviews of neuraminidase inhibitors. Retrospective analysis. Reviews that examined the use of neuraminidase inhibitors in the prophylaxis or ...
Hanson James R JR University of Sussex, Department of Chemistry, Brighton, Sussex, - - 2014
Covering: January to December 2013. Previous review, Nat. Prod. Rep., 2013, 30, 1346-1356This review covers the isolation and chemistry of diterpenoids from terrestrial as opposed to marine sources and includes labdanes, clerodanes, abietanes, pimaranes, kauranes, cembranes and their cyclization products. There are 179 references.
Thombs Brett D BD Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, Montréal, Québec, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; School of Nursing, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Peer reviewers sometimes request that authors cite their work, either appropriately or via coercive self-citation to highlight the reviewers' work. The objective of this study was to determine in peer reviews submitted to one biomedical journal (1) the extent of peer reviewer self-citation; (2) the proportion of reviews recommending revision ...
Jonnada Murthy M Department of Chemistry, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, 74078-3071, - - 2014
This article is aimed at providing a review of the progress made in the field over the period 2011 to present in order to expand in parts on two previous reviews (S. Karenga and Z. El Rassi, Electrophoresis, 2011, 32, 90-104; D. Gunasena and Z. El Rassi, Electrophoresis, 2012, 33, ...
Meeks Derek W DW Center for Innovations in Quality, Effectiveness and Safety, Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston, Texas, USA Department of Medicine, Section of General Internal Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, - - 2014
Many healthcare organisations (HCOs) use peer review to evaluate clinical performance, but it is unclear whether these data provide useful insights for assessing the sharp end of patient safety. To describe outcomes of peer review within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system and identify opportunities to leverage peer ...
Otillio Jaime Kaye JK From the Divisions of *Pediatric Emergency Medicine and †Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, - - 2014
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare disorder of highly stimulated immune responses to antigens that leads to life-threatening inflammation and multiple organ dysfunction. At presentation, HLH may uncommonly mimic septic shock. In this case, we present a 6-year-old girl presenting to the pediatric emergency department with a febrile illness and ...
Dutta Debarun D School of Optometry and Vision Science (D.D., M.D.P.W.), The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; and Brien Holden Vision Institute (D.D.), Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
: Antimicrobial agents are being examined with the aim of developing antimicrobial contact lenses and new forms of antimicrobial lens cases. It is hoped that these developments will result in reduced contact lens-related microbial adverse events. In this review, we assess aspects of various antimicrobial strategies, such as cationic metals ...
Webber Colleen - - 2014
The Union for International Cancer Control's (UICC) TNM classification is a globally accepted system to describe the anatomic extent of malignant tumors. Since its development seventy years ago, the TNM classification has undergone significant revisions to reflect the current understanding of extent of disease and its role in prognosis. To ...
Colquhoun Heather L HL Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, 160-500 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1V7. Electronic address: - - 2014
The scoping review has become increasingly popular as a form of knowledge synthesis. However, a lack of consensus on scoping review terminology, definition, methodology, and reporting limits the potential of this form of synthesis. In this article, we propose recommendations to further advance the field of scoping review methodology. We ...
Kilbourn Kent J KJ Department of Neurosurgery Hartford Hospital, 85 Seymour Street, Hartford, CT, 06102, USA, - - 2014
De novo intracerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are exceedingly rare with only seven reported cases in the literature. Although generally considered congenital by nature, the lesions do not manifest themselves clinically until the third or fourth decades of life. However, with the advent of improved imaging modalities and more frequent surveillance, ...
Gavigan Geneviève - - 2014
Background:Interferon alfa-2b is a treatment option for select patients with stage 3 melanoma.Objective:To highlight the potential complication of acute rhabdomyolysis from interferon alfa-2b in this patient population.Methods:We present a case of a 63-year-old female with stage IIIc melanoma who developed acute rhabdomyolysis after completing 2 of 4 weeks of induction ...
Jham Bruno C BC DDS, MS, PhD. College of Dental Medicine - Illinois, Midwestern - - 2014
Traumatic neuroma is a well-known disorder involving peripheral nerves, which occurs following trauma or surgery. The lesion develops most commonly in the soft tissues of the mental foramen area, lower lip and tongue. Intra-osseous lesions arising in jawbones are very uncommon. In this paper, we report a new case of ...
Bousson Valérie V Radiologie Ostéo-Articulaire, AP-HP, Hôpital Lariboisière, 2 rue Ambroise Paré, 75010 Paris, France; Université Paris VII Denis Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The radiologist plays a critical role at all steps of the management of patients with fibrous dysplasia (FD) and McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS). The development of a standardized approach to the management of FD/MAS is crucial given the low incidence and multiple clinical presentations of these conditions. Our aim was to ...
Reich Olaf O 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Graz, Graz; and 2Division of Clinical and Functional Anatomy, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, - - 2014
Studies on the development of the embryological and fetal development of the cervix and the vagina are rare and mostly go back to the first decades of the last century. The aims of this review were to present the latest knowledge concerning the developmental origin of cervical and vaginal epithelium ...
Losa-Muñoz Pedro Manuel PM Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, - - 2014
Jacob disease is a rare entity consisting of the formation of a pseudojoint between the inner surface of the zygoma and the coronoid process. This requires constant contact between the two implicated surfaces. It can be achieved by two mechanisms: one by an enlarged coronoid process and two by an ...
Upadhyay Ushma D UD Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH), Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, 1330 Broadway, Suite 1100, Oakland, CA 94612, United States; Women's Health & Empowerment Center of Expertise, University of California Global Health Institute, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Women's empowerment has become a focal point for development efforts worldwide and there is a need for an updated, critical assessment of the existing evidence on women's empowerment and fertility. We conducted a literature review on studies examining the relationships between women's empowerment and several fertility-related topics. Among the 60 ...
Lucas C D CD Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, UK, - - 2014
Inhalation of crystalline silica is known to result in silicosis: an irreversible, disabling and potentially fatal occupational lung disease, which is associated with a variety of pulmonary and non-pulmonary complications including autoimmunity. A potential link between silicosis and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is currently recognized only in cases of acute ...
Caffrey Rachael R The Ulster Hospital, Belfast, Northern - - 2014
The occurrence of multiple primary sarcomas in one individual is very uncommon and the development of osteosarcoma as a second tumor following a soft tissue sarcoma is extremely rare. We report a case of a 62-year-old man who developed 2 histologically distinct sarcomas: a soft tissue myxofibrosarcoma and vertebral osteosarcoma. ...
Whitcombe Michael J MJ Department of Chemistry, University of Leicester, LE1 7RH, - - 2014
Herein, we present a survey of the literature covering the development of molecular imprinting science and technology over the years 2004-2011. In total, 3779 references to the original papers, reviews, edited volumes and monographs from this period are included, along with recently identified uncited materials from prior to 2004, which ...
Spiegl Ulrich J UJ *Steadman Philippon Research Institute †The Steadman Clinic, Vail, - - 2014
The term "internal impingement" describes the normal physiological contact that occurs between the posterosuperior glenoid and the greater tuberosity in positions of hyperabduction and external rotation. This physiological contact can become symptomatic when repeated overhead motion results in partial articular-sided posterosuperior rotator cuff tears and lesions of the posterosuperior glenoid ...
Bacciagaluppi Marco - - 2014
The author stresses Fromm's role as a precursor in psychoanalysis and shows his connections with three scientific developments following on his death in 1980: the trauma literature, attachment theory and the evolution of altruism.
Abraham Reji - - 2014
Maxillary midline diastema is a common aesthetic complaint of patients. Treating the midline diastema is a matter of concern for practitioners, as many different aetiologies are reported to be associated with it. The appearance of midline diastema as part of the normal dental development makes it difficult for practitioners to ...
Ceccaroni Marcello M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gynecologic Oncology and Minimally Invasive Pelvic Surgery Unit, International School of Surgical Anatomy, "Sacred Heart" Hospital - Negrar, Verona, - - 2014
Fibromatosis is the most frequent benign uterine pathology of fertile women, rarely causing anomalous enlargement of the uterus. Traditionally the surgical treatment has been abdominal hysterectomy. However, development of minimally invasive techniques has led to major safeness of the laparoscopic route. We report a case of total laparoscopic hysterectomy performed ...
Peek A C AC Whittington Hospital, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although screw fixation remains the most commonly used method of syndesmosis fixation, the ideal screw size, placement, and number remain controversial. In addition, there has been debate as to whether the screw should always be removed, and a number of studies have looked at radiological and functional outcomes. In addition ...
Natera Luis L Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, C/Sant Antoni Maria Claret 167, 08025, Barcelona, Spain, - - 2014
Primary lipoma arborescens (LA) is a rare, benign intra-articular hyperplastic tumor that has been associated with osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to determine whether prompt synovectomy could avoid progressive joint degeneration in cases of primary LA of the knee. A review of currently available literature about the ...
Dutta Mainak M Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head-Neck Surgery, Medical College and Hospital, 88, College Street, Kolkata, 700073, West Bengal, India, - - 2014
This review presents a comprehensive and updated overview of bigerminal choristomas (hairy polyps) of naso-oropharynx/oral cavity, and discusses the controversies related to nosology and origin from a clinico-embryologic perspective. English-language texts of the last 25 years (January 1989-January 2014) were collected from the PubMed/MEDLINE database using the given keywords. Of the ...
Lanska Douglas J DJ From Neurology Service (D.J.L.), Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Great Lakes VA Healthcare System, Tomah; Departments of Neurology and Ophthalmology (B.R.), Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; and Zablocki Veterans Affairs Medical Center (B.R.), Great Lakes VA Healthcare System, Milwaukee, - - 2014
Zinc-induced myeloneuropathy was recently (re)discovered and its pathophysiology elaborated as resulting from secondary copper deficiency. However, myelopathy was a recognized problem among European zinc-smelter workers in the late 19th century, although these early reports have been overlooked in recent studies and reports. The purpose of this article is to translate ...
Clark Stephen J SJ Professor of Endodontics Department of Oral Health and Rehabilitation University of Louisville Louisville, - - 2014
Background Significant advances in our understanding of the biological processes involved in tooth development and repair at the cellular and molecular levels have underpinned the newly emerging area of regenerative endodontics. Development of treatment protocols based on exploiting the natural wound healing properties of the dental pulp and applying tissue ...
Simon S S 1] Department of Oral Biology, School of Dentistry, Université de Paris Diderot, Paris, France [2] Hôpital de la Pitié Saléptrière, Paris, France [3] Research Centre des Cordeliers, 15 rue école de médecine, 75006 Paris, - - 2014
Background Significant advances in our understanding of the biological processes involved in tooth development and repair at the cellular and molecular levels have underpinned the newly emerging area of regenerative endodontics. Development of treatment protocols based on exploiting the natural wound healing properties of the dental pulp and applying tissue ...
Seidler Andreas - - 2014
To analyze the association between psychosocial working conditions and burnout and its core component emotional exhaustion, a systematic literature review was undertaken including cohort studies, case-control studies, and randomized controlled trials. The literature search in Medline and PsycInfo was based on a defined search string and strict exclusion and inclusion ...
Naohiro Yonemoto Y Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Translational Medical Center, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kodaira, - - 2014
Cochrane Review: Schedules for home visits in the early postpartum period Yonemoto N, Dowswell T, Nagai S, Mori R. Schedules for home visits in the early post-partum period. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 7. Art. No.: CD009326. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009326.pub2. This companion piece to the review, "Schedules for home ...
Hong Caron M CM Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Critical Care Medicine - - 2014
Abstract Context: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has a high fatality rate and many suffer from delayed neurological deficits. Biomarkers may aid in the identification of high-risk patients, guide treatment/management and improve outcome. Objective: The aim of this review was to summarize biomarkers of SAH associated with outcome. Methods: An electronic database ...
Ulane Christina M CM Department of Neurology, The Neurological Institute, Columbia University Medical Center, 710 West 168 St., New York, NY, 10032, USA, - - 2014
Myotonic dystrophy is the commonest adult muscular dystrophy. Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) and myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) are often discussed jointly, and although they share many clinical and molecular features, differences do exist. Historically, more is known about DM1 than about DM2. The literature in the field of myotonic dystrophy ...
Hadley Caroline C Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor College of Medicine and Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Texas Children's - - 2014
Cranial osteosarcoma is very rare in children, rendering the development of optimal treatment algorithms challenging. The authors present 3 cases of pediatric cranial osteosarcoma: a primary calvarial tumor, a cranial metastasis, and a primary osteosarcoma of the cranial base. A review of the literature demonstrates significant variation in the management ...
Hartman Jeffrey J College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, S7N - - 2014
Introduction: The uncinate process and its associated uncovertebral articulation are features unique to the cervical spine. This review examines the morphology of these unique structures with particular emphasis on the regional anatomy, development and clinical significance. Materials and Methods: Five electronic databases were utilized in the literature search and additional ...
Gishen Kriya K From the Division of Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery, DeWitt Daughtry Family Department of Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, - - 2014
Congenital hand anomalies have a wide range of presentations and functional consequences. Understanding and treatment of these deformities require an understanding of embryology of upper-extremity development. In this report, common anomalies of the hand and upper extremity have been reviewed according to the International Federation for Societies for Surgery of ...
Al-Sebeih Khalid H KH Department of Surgery-Otolaryngology Division, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, PO Box 17228, Khalidiya 72453, Kuwait. - - 2014
Concha bullosa is an aerated turbinate in the nose. It is a common anatomic variant that can develop a mucocele if obstructed, which can further progress to become a mucopyocele if infected. A mucopyocele can expand and cause destruction of neighboring tissues. A review of the literature revealed only 10 ...
Tu Jenny J Sir Charles Gairdner - - 2014
Subcutaneous edema as a presenting feature of dermatomyositis has infrequently been described and is thought to signify a more aggressive disease course. We report a case involving a 38-year-old man who presented with significant subcutaneous edema involving his neck and upper body; he later developed clinical features and biopsy results ...
Pinto Junior Vitor Laerte VL Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Brasília, DF, Brazil. - - 2014
Hantavirus infection is transmitted to humans by wild rodents and the most common clinical form in Brazil is the Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS). The first serological evidence of the disease was identified in 1990, in Recife, Pernambuco State, and later in 1993 in Juquitiba, State of São Paulo. Since then ...
Aljohani Naif I NI King Faisal specialist hospital and research centre, Saudi Arabia ; Division of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2014
Acquired factor V inhibitor is a rare hemostatic disorder that presents with hemorrhagic manifestations in the vast majority of patients. Factor V inhibitor may develop through a variety of mechanisms involving development of alloantibodies or autoantibodies specific to Factor V. Autoantibodies, in particular, have been reported in a number of ...
Saleh Ahlam A AA a Arizona Health Sciences Library, University of Arizona , Tucson , Arizona , - - 2014
Requests for comprehensive searches, such as searches to support systematic reviews, seem to be evolving into routine practice in the health sciences library environment. Collecting terminology for these searches is often a time-consuming process. This case study reports on the development of a searchable web-based repository, MedTerm Search Assist, as ...
Surani Salim S 0000-0001-7105-4266 Texas A&M University, Texas Corpus Christi, 1177 West Wheeler Avenue, Suite 1, Aransas Pass, TX 78336, - - 2014
Blunt chest trauma (BCT) is a common clinical presentation seen in emergency departments. Few cases of cardiac conduction abnormalities due to BCT have been reported in the medical literature. This dysrhythmias may present as permanent conduction defects requiring permanent pacemaker or may have temporary conduction abnormalities requiring temporary pacemaker or ...
Burrus David D Pediatric dentist in private practice, Bend, Ore., USA. - - 2014
The purpose of this report was to review an emerging alternative treatment to pulpectomies and extractions for nonvital primary teeth called lesion sterilization and tissue repair (LSTR) and provide the results of three clinical case applications. LSTR is a noninstrumentation endodontic treatment that involves a triantibiotic mixture in a propylene ...
Salama Nader - - 2014
Hydrocele development is the most common complication after varicocele repair. The beginning of this kind of hydrocele is variable. The shortest reported onset is one week. In the present report we describe an unusual immediate onset of hydrocele formation following varicocele repair. This represents the first report of a harsh ...
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