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Results 401 - 450 of 798
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Powell A M - - 2003
Pemphigus is a group of autoimmune blistering diseases of the skin and/or mucous membranes requiring management with immunosuppressive therapy. The optimal therapeutic regimen would rapidly induce remission and maintain effectiveness with minimal adverse effects in the long term. The present study describes our experience of the addition of mycophenolate mofetil ...
McParland Brent E - - 2003
Airway wall remodeling is well documented for asthmatic airways and is believed to result from chronic and/or short-term exposure to inflammatory stimuli. Airway wall remodeling can contribute to airway narrowing as well as to the airway hyperresponsiveness, which is a characteristic abnormality in asthma. However, the potential for airway narrowing ...
Zhao Bin - - 2003
Air-exchange efficiency is widely used to indicate the ventilation effect and indoor air quality in ventilated rooms. However, it does not take occupant distribution in the room into account and is thus limited. In this paper, a revised air-exchange efficiency (occupant air-exchange efficiency) that differentiates between different zones by considering ...
Lykouras Lefteris - - 2003
Atypical antipsychotics (APs) are now widely in use in clinical practice. They exert a beneficial effect in patients with schizophrenic disorders, including cases resistant to traditional APs and negative symptoms. They have also enhanced the ratio of therapeutic efficacy to adverse effects. Atypical APs, mainly risperidone and olanzapine, have been ...
Meyer Michael - - 2003
Four new molecular abnormalities in the gamma subdomain of the D domain elucidated in three unrelated thrombophilic patients and in one asymptomatic case of hypofibrinogenemia are reported: fibrinogen Suhl, gamma 326, Cys-->Tyr, fibrinogen Hannover VI, gamma 336 Met-->Ile, fibrinogen Stuttgart, gamma 345, Asn-->Asp and fibrinogen Homburg VII, gamma 354,Tyr-->Cys. In ...
Karakaya I┼čik - - 2003
Acrocyanosis is probably the most unusual side effect of tricyclic antidepressant drugs. In this paper, we report a 10-year-old boy with primary enuresis nocturna and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder who developed two episodes of acrocyanosis, the first of which was after imipramine treatment and the second after desipramine usage. We ...
Niveau Gérard - - 2003
We present a series of 12 cases of violent crime, which were all committed under the influence of cannabis in Geneva, Switzerland, between 1996 and 2000. The crimes were committed by eleven males and one female, with a mean age of 26 years, who were using only cannabis at the ...
Shekelle Paul G PG Southern California Evidence-based Practice Center-RAND, Santa Monica, Calif 90407-2138, USA. - - 2003
Ephedra and ephedrine sometimes are used for weight loss or enhanced athletic performance, but the efficacy and safety of these compounds are uncertain. To assess the efficacy and safety of ephedra and ephedrine used for weight loss and enhanced athletic performance. We searched 9 databases using the terms ephedra, ephedrine, ...
Isbister Geoffrey K - - 2003
Spiders of the family Theraphosidae occur throughout most tropical regions of the world. There have only been three case reports of bites by these spiders in Australia. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical effects of bites by Australian theraphosid spiders in both humans and canines. Cases ...
Karci A - - 2003
The potential adverse effects resulting from absorption of irrigation fluids during endoscopic procedures are well documented. Glycine, which is commonly used as an irrigation solution, has an inhibitory effect both on the central nervous system and on the retinal cells. We report the case of a woman who developed transient ...
Baldassano C F - - 2003
Atypical antipsychotics are now commonly used in the treatment of bipolar disorder, as they have been shown to have effects on mania as well as psychosis. Shortly after the introduction of atypical antipsychotics, several cases of associated hypomania and mania were reported. Ziprasidone is an atypical antipsychotic recently approved by ...
Afzal Muhammad - - 2003
Galactosemia is a rare metabolic disorder. It has good prognosis, if detected in neonatal period or early infancy. Two cases of classic galactosemia are presented. One case was detected in neonatal period. Early intervention has led to normal development till now. The second case was diagnosed at 1 year of ...
Kulik Carol T - - 2003
This study explored the effects of judges' personal characteristics (gender, race, age, and political affiliation) and case characteristics on the outcomes of federal cases of hostile environment sexual harassment. Results revealed that even after controlling for the effects of relevant case characteristics (e.g., severity of the harassment), judges' personal characteristics ...
Grauso-Eby Nancy L - - 2003
Valproic acid (VPA) is a commonly prescribed medication approved for use in the United States for epilepsy, migraine, and bipolar disorder. Although the common adverse effects associated with VPA are typically benign, less common but more serious adverse effects can occur. These include hepatotoxicity, teratogenicity, possible polycystic ovaries with the ...
Bellet Jane S - - 2003
Stem cell factor (SCF) is a cytokine that stimulates development of erythroid precursors and, consequently, may have potential importance in the treatment of certain anemias. We report a case of a young woman with Diamond-Blackfan anemia who received SCF treatment. One effect of SCF treatment is cutaneous hyperpigmentation at the ...
Towne A R - - 2003
In cases of refractory status epilepticus (RSE) unresponsive to sequential trials of multiple agents, a suspension of topiramate administered via nasogastric tube was effective in aborting RSE, including one patient in a prolonged pentobarbital coma. Effective dosages ranged from 300 to 1,600 mg/d. Except for lethargy, no adverse events were ...
Haneline Michael T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: To determine the relationship between chiropractic manipulative therapy and internal carotid artery dissection, a MEDLINE literature search was performed for the years 1966 through 2000 using the terms internal carotid dissection. Literature that included information concerning causation of ICAD, as well as all case studies and series, was selected ...
Trüeb Ralph M - - 2003
Progressive thinning of the scalp hair in androgenetic alopecia (AGA) results in a gradual decline in natural protection of the scalp from ultraviolet radiation (UVR). A number of pathologic conditions of the scalp are evidently related to UVR, particularly photosensitive diseases and disorders of the chronically photodamaged bald scalp. The ...
Lao Lixing - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The greater acceptance of acupuncture by healthcare professionals and the public has increased the importance of addressing public concern about its safety. Of particular concern has been the potential for transmission of infectious disease and organ and tissue injury, as well as the training and professional standards of acupuncture ...
Gerber B - - 2002
Only 11 reports of cats with relapsing polychondritis (RPC) were found in the literature. We describe two additional cases and provide a review of the literature. Predominantly young to middle aged cats are affected (range 1.5 to 14.5 years, median 3 years). There is no sex predilection for feline RPC. ...
Isbister Geoffrey K - - 2002
Four cases of Red-back spider envenoming are reported in which there was minimal response to intramuscular antivenom. Intravenous antivenom was then administered in each case with almost complete resolution of symptoms. All cases were followed up to confirm the effect of treatment. This failure of intramuscular Red-back antivenom raises the ...
Rabin Yoed - - 2002
The heating effect of urethral warming during cryosurgery has been investigated theoretically, via heat transfer simulations. Two warmer configurations have been considered: (i). the clinically available urethral warmer, which has a configuration of a counter flow fluid heat exchanger; (ii). a newly designed urethral warmer, based on a temperature controlled ...
Jang Yuri - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the role of neuroticism in older individuals' self-reports of mobility. The authors hypothesized that neuroticism would modify the association between performance-based and self-reported measures of mobility. METHOD: Using a stratified sample of 459 community-dwelling elders, a hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to assess the effects ...
Cianfrocca Cinzia - - 2002
The use of herbal medications is becoming ever more widespread, but data for them are not yet as robust as for conventional drugs. The available safety information indicates that potential side effects of such use can be due to allergic reactions and bleeding. In this report, a case of frequent ...
Housman Tamara S - - 2002
Imiquimod is an immunomodulator with indirect antiproliferative and antiviral properties known to be effective against anogenital warts. However, its use for common warts has not been validated in prospective, controlled trials. We present 3 anecdotal case reports illustrating one treatment approach for a spectrum of resistant, common warts with combination ...
Fuller S J - - 2002
Mefloquine is an important antimalarial drug for treatment and prophylaxis of chloroquine-resistant malaria. Its use has been associated with neuropsychiatric side-effects. We report a case of paranoid psychosis associated with mefloquine occurring in a remote part of Papua New Guinea. Adverse reactions and contraindications are discussed. This case underlines the ...
Soy M - - 2002
Zafirlukast is a leukotriene inhibitor that has recently been approved for the prophylaxis of asthma. Although this new product has been well accepted because of its convenient dosing and relatively few side effects, several cases of Churg-Strauss syndrome have been reported to be associated with its use. In this paper ...
Matsumoto Isao - - 2002
Although there are various treatments for postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), none produces definitive effects. We report a case of 72-year-old woman who developed intractable PHN of the chest in which treatment with endoscopic transthoracic sympathicotomy (ETS) produced long-term effective results. When hyperesthesia of the sympathetic nerve participates in PHN, the blocking ...
Hu Qiyue - - 2002
A critical issue in transfection or co-transfection experiments is to define the appropriate controls. In most cases, a corresponding empty vector is used as one control. We report a paradoxical effect of empty mammalian expression vectors on different reporters. We have found that different empty vectors can inhibit or stimulate ...
Lane Joshua E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pearly penile papules are angiofibromas found on the corona and sulcus of the glans penis. While these represent a benign condition, psychological and cosmetic concerns often prompt patients to seek therapeutic removal of these lesions. Multiple therapeutic modalities have been reported; however, use of CO2 laser has proven to ...
Parkin Simon G - - 2002
Lesioning of the internal pallidum is known to improve the symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and alleviate dyskinesia and motor fluctuations related to levodopa therapy. The benefit obtained contralateral to a single lesion is insufficient in some cases when symptoms are bilaterally disabling. However, reports of unacceptably high rates ...
Stankiewicz N R - - 2002
A ferrule is a metal ring or cap used to strengthen the end of a stick or tube. It has been proposed that the use of a ferrule as part of the core or artificial crown may be of benefit in reinforcing root-filled teeth. A review of the literature investigating ...
Llorca Pierre-Michel - - 2002
Currently, tardive dyskinesia (TD) remains an important clinical problem. The average prevalence is estimated at 30%. The appearance of antipsychotics has opened new paths. The extrapyramidal profile of these molecules is more favorable than that of conventional neuroleptics. In order to assess their prophylactic as well as curative potential, we ...
de Haas Y - - 2002
Data from 274 Dutch herds recording clinical mastitis (CM) over an 18-mo period were used to investigate the effect of pathogen-specific CM on the lactation curve for somatic cell count (SCC). Analyzed pathogens were Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, Streptococcus uberis, other streptococci, and the culture-negative samples. ...
Safar H A - - 2002
We report a case of ischemia limited to the upper limb caused by chronic use of ergotamine. The effect of this drug was not related to hypersensitivity or to the potentiating effects of other medications. The patient was successfully treated discontinuing ergotamine and administering an alpha-blocking agent for three months. ...
Miller Lisa J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate literature that discusses the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) with agents that involve the neurotransmitter serotonin. DATA SOURCES: Biomedical literature accessed through MEDLINE (1966-August 2001) and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts. DATA SYNTHESIS: The cause and pathophysiology of FMS remain elusive, although abnormalities in the serotonin pathway have been ...
Rodríguez-Hurtado Francisco J - - 2002
PURPOSE: To report a Takayasu's arteritis (TA) case with an intense ocular involvement and the response to monthly bolus of Cyclophosphamide. METHODS: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: Cyclophosphamide was useful to improve the TA symptoms without any additional treatment and any secondary effects. When this therapy was discontinued the ...
Fatovich Daniel M - - 2002
Snake bite envenomation typically requires treatment with effective first aid and antivenom. There is a spectrum of envenomation seen, which includes mild envenomation, but this has not been reported previously. We report two cases of mild envenomation and describe the changes in laboratory coagulation values. The patients had a benign ...
Friedman Ilyse S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Minocycline-induced hyperpigmentation (MIH) is a benign condition that may persist for years despite abrogation of therapy. The Q-switched ruby laser (QSRL) has been successful in removing such lesions from the skin. To date there is no documentation of QSRL or any laser being used to treat lingual hyperpigmentation associated ...
Schweigert Michael - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current literature supporting a relationship between hand-arm vibration (HAV) and lower extremity clinical effects. METHODS: An initial review of the literature identified lower extremity vascular and neurological effects reported in association with HAV. A second literature review was performed with explicit search and evaluation strategies. It ...
Raphael Kalani - - 2002
The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is a rare but serious adverse effect of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Although many case reports describe this association, few report the effect of rechallenge with another SSRI. We present a case of an elderly patient who developed hyponatremia with ...
Mayer M S - - 2002
Males discriminate between the single most important individual component of the sex pheromone of the female cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni (Hübner), (Z)-7-dodecenyl acetate (Z7-12:Ac), and a mixture containing Z7-12:Ac and the other five putative components. The manifestation of discrimination is not an enhancement of captures by the mixture, rather, it ...
Moser Tammy L - - 2002
What is angiostatin? In 1994, Folkman and colleagues published a landmark paper describing anti-tumor effects in mice with a purified fragment of plasminogen they named angiostatin (1). Although many papers have been published describing activities of cryptic polypeptides derived from plasminogen fragments, this was the first report which associated plasminogen ...
Fisher Alexander - - 2002
Numerous case reports of hyponatraemia followed increasing use of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) but this adverse effect was only rarely observed in relation to citalopram. We report a case of severe hyponatraemia associated with deep coma, seizure, atrial fibrillation and muscle damage in a 92-year-old woman after only two ...
Smith Amanda G. - - 2001
Topiramate is a medication introduced in the United States in 1997 for the treatment of epilepsy. Studies are currently underway to determine its effectiveness in the treatment of multiple conditions including bipolar disorder. It is generally well tolerated at doses commonly used in the clinical setting, however, there is little ...
Mann R E - - 2001
In this review evidence on the impact of introducing or lowering legal blood alcohol limits on traffic safety measures is examined. There is substantial variability in the types and rigour of methods used to evaluate these legislative measures, and thus not surprisingly there is variability in the results observed. In ...
Scheinost M E - - 2001
Herbal dietary supplements are often considered by patients to be safe and free from side effects. The case described here shows digoxin toxicity in a patient taking a dietary supplement not normally considered to contain digoxin. In addition to highlighting the risks of herbal supplements, this case also demonstrates the ...
Keltner N L - - 2001
TOPIC: The nature vs. nurture argument as it pertains to two brothers. PURPOSE: To explore the synergistic effects of heritability and environment in the cases of two brothers with schizophrenia. SOURCES: Review of the literature and the authors' clinical experience. CONCLUSIONS: The nature vs. nurture dichotomy may not be as ...
Schöls L - - 2001
Friedreich ataxia (FA), the most common form of degenerative ataxia, is thought to be caused by respiratory deficiency due to mitochondrial iron accumulation and oxidative stress. Idebenone, a free-radical scavenger, protects mitochondrial function in in vitro models of FA. In a placebo-controlled crossover trial we studied the effect of idebenone ...
Kim S Y - - 2001
We investigate the effect of asymmetry of coupling on the bifurcation mechanism for the loss of synchronous chaos in coupled systems. It is found that only when the symmetry-breaking pitchfork bifurcations take part in the process of the synchronization loss for the case of symmetric coupling, the asymmetry changes the ...
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