Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 814
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Angiolillo Dominick J - - 2004
Encouraging results have been obtained with drug-eluting stents (DESs) to prevent restenosis following PCI. However, DESs are not immune from restenosis and we describe a case of "candy wrapper" effect, commonly observed with intracoronary brachytherapy (IBT). In this article, we review the common drawbacks of DES and IBT and their ...
Balit Corrine R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The White-stemmed gum moth (Chelepteryx collesi) can be found in eastern Australia. The clinical effects of injuries caused by its many spine-like hairs are poorly defined and concern about the numerous hairs that remain embedded following contact with the cocoon have led to heroic means of removal. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Langley Ricky Lee - - 2004
This is a review of Medline and PubMed articles on venomous animal bites and stings during pregnancy reported in English literature from 1966 to 2002. Eighty-five venomous snakebites were reported in pregnant women. Although there are frequent anecdotal reports of scorpion stings in pregnant women, few case reports are documented. ...
Allain Hervé H Service de Pharmacologie, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Rennes 1, Rennes, France. - - 2004
The aim of the present review is to consider the adverse effects and the safety profile of calcium dobesilate. Calcium dobesilate (Doxium) is a veno-tonic drug, which is widely prescribed in more than 60 countries from Europe, Latin America, Asia and the Middle East for three main indications: chronic venous ...
Green Bob - - 2003
Although there has been considerable research into the adverse effects of cannabis, less attention has been directed toward subjective effects that may be associated with ongoing cannabis use. Examination of self-reported cannabis effects is an important issue in understanding the widespread use of cannabis. While reviews have identified euphoria as ...
Moghadam Behjat K H - - 2003
Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) result from a collapse of the tongue, soft palate, and pharynx, causing temporary airway blockage. Acrylic mandibular advancement splints and Herbst appliances are used to relieve snoring and mild OSA. Repositioning the mandible forward may have an adverse effect on the orofacial and dentoalveolar ...
Fraunfelder Frederick W - - 2003
Bisphosphonates are used to inhibit bone resorption in postmenopausal women and in the management of hypercalcemia of malignancy. Recently, some drugs within this class of medicines have been proven to cause scleritis. Prior to this, bisphosphonates had been reported to cause a variety of ocular side effects, most of which ...
Lee Gabriel Yin Foo - - 2003
In the face of escalating recreational use of 'Ecstasy' (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, MDMA), physicians need to be aware of its possible adverse effects. We report two young patients who suffered subarachnoid haemorrhage following ingestion of 'Ecstasy' tablets. Angiographic studies demonstrated features consistent with vasculitis in both cases. Recognition of this association is ...
Tabak Fehmi - - 2003
Metronidazole and ornidazole, synthetic nitroimidazole derivatives, are used in the treatment of infections caused by anaerobic bacteria and protozoa. The drugs are well tolerated and serious side effects are very rarely encountered. Hepatotoxicity is a rare side effect and hitherto only six cases have been reported. We describe three patients ...
Crandall Carolyn - - 2003
Secondary causes of osteoporosis often go undetected, in part because of the lack of specific guidelines for laboratory evaluation in newly diagnosed cases. Although the effect of menopause on bone density has been well studied, the exact prevalence of other contributing factors is unknown. In this article, Dr Crandall discusses ...
Isbister Geoffrey K - - 2003
Spiders of the family Sparassidae occur on most continents in tropical and temperate regions of the world. They are large Araneomorphae (modern spiders) which are often feared. There are few reports of confirmed sparassid bites and some suggest that particular genera (Neosparassus) can cause severe effects. This study investigated the ...
Wallis Jonathan P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: TRALI is a serious adverse effect of blood transfusion. There is evidence that the condition is underrecognized and underreported. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was an observational study carried out in a single hospital. RESULTS: Eleven cases of TRALI were recognized over 12 years. In 10 cases the ...
Low Dog Tieraona - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This comprehensive review examines the safety of Cimicifuga racemosa for the treatment of menopause symptoms, particularly in populations in which conventional menopause treatment regimens, including estrogen replacement, are contraindicated. DESIGN: An extensive database of information on Cimicifuga, which included all published literature pertaining to preclinical and clinical safety of ...
Gur David - - 2003
PURPOSE: To measure observer performance at various levels of prevalence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multiobserver multiabnormality receiver operating characteristic (ROC) study to assess the effect of prevalence on observer performance was conducted. Fourteen observers, including eight faculty members, two fellows, and four residents, interpreted 1,632 posteroanterior chest images with five ...
Morse Tim - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Unionization has been found to be related to higher filing of workers' compensation (WC) claims, but the extent of the relationship and the relationships to other variables have not been previously reported. METHODS: Telephone interviews were conducted with both a population-based and WC-based samples of musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) cases. ...
Powell A M - - 2003
Pemphigus is a group of autoimmune blistering diseases of the skin and/or mucous membranes requiring management with immunosuppressive therapy. The optimal therapeutic regimen would rapidly induce remission and maintain effectiveness with minimal adverse effects in the long term. The present study describes our experience of the addition of mycophenolate mofetil ...
McParland Brent E - - 2003
Airway wall remodeling is well documented for asthmatic airways and is believed to result from chronic and/or short-term exposure to inflammatory stimuli. Airway wall remodeling can contribute to airway narrowing as well as to the airway hyperresponsiveness, which is a characteristic abnormality in asthma. However, the potential for airway narrowing ...
Zhao Bin - - 2003
Air-exchange efficiency is widely used to indicate the ventilation effect and indoor air quality in ventilated rooms. However, it does not take occupant distribution in the room into account and is thus limited. In this paper, a revised air-exchange efficiency (occupant air-exchange efficiency) that differentiates between different zones by considering ...
Lykouras Lefteris - - 2003
Atypical antipsychotics (APs) are now widely in use in clinical practice. They exert a beneficial effect in patients with schizophrenic disorders, including cases resistant to traditional APs and negative symptoms. They have also enhanced the ratio of therapeutic efficacy to adverse effects. Atypical APs, mainly risperidone and olanzapine, have been ...
Meyer Michael - - 2003
Four new molecular abnormalities in the gamma subdomain of the D domain elucidated in three unrelated thrombophilic patients and in one asymptomatic case of hypofibrinogenemia are reported: fibrinogen Suhl, gamma 326, Cys-->Tyr, fibrinogen Hannover VI, gamma 336 Met-->Ile, fibrinogen Stuttgart, gamma 345, Asn-->Asp and fibrinogen Homburg VII, gamma 354,Tyr-->Cys. In ...
Karakaya I┼čik - - 2003
Acrocyanosis is probably the most unusual side effect of tricyclic antidepressant drugs. In this paper, we report a 10-year-old boy with primary enuresis nocturna and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder who developed two episodes of acrocyanosis, the first of which was after imipramine treatment and the second after desipramine usage. We ...
Niveau Gérard - - 2003
We present a series of 12 cases of violent crime, which were all committed under the influence of cannabis in Geneva, Switzerland, between 1996 and 2000. The crimes were committed by eleven males and one female, with a mean age of 26 years, who were using only cannabis at the ...
Shekelle Paul G PG Southern California Evidence-based Practice Center-RAND, Santa Monica, Calif 90407-2138, USA. - - 2003
Ephedra and ephedrine sometimes are used for weight loss or enhanced athletic performance, but the efficacy and safety of these compounds are uncertain. To assess the efficacy and safety of ephedra and ephedrine used for weight loss and enhanced athletic performance. We searched 9 databases using the terms ephedra, ephedrine, ...
Isbister Geoffrey K - - 2003
Spiders of the family Theraphosidae occur throughout most tropical regions of the world. There have only been three case reports of bites by these spiders in Australia. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical effects of bites by Australian theraphosid spiders in both humans and canines. Cases ...
Karci A - - 2003
The potential adverse effects resulting from absorption of irrigation fluids during endoscopic procedures are well documented. Glycine, which is commonly used as an irrigation solution, has an inhibitory effect both on the central nervous system and on the retinal cells. We report the case of a woman who developed transient ...
Baldassano C F - - 2003
Atypical antipsychotics are now commonly used in the treatment of bipolar disorder, as they have been shown to have effects on mania as well as psychosis. Shortly after the introduction of atypical antipsychotics, several cases of associated hypomania and mania were reported. Ziprasidone is an atypical antipsychotic recently approved by ...
Afzal Muhammad - - 2003
Galactosemia is a rare metabolic disorder. It has good prognosis, if detected in neonatal period or early infancy. Two cases of classic galactosemia are presented. One case was detected in neonatal period. Early intervention has led to normal development till now. The second case was diagnosed at 1 year of ...
Kulik Carol T - - 2003
This study explored the effects of judges' personal characteristics (gender, race, age, and political affiliation) and case characteristics on the outcomes of federal cases of hostile environment sexual harassment. Results revealed that even after controlling for the effects of relevant case characteristics (e.g., severity of the harassment), judges' personal characteristics ...
Grauso-Eby Nancy L - - 2003
Valproic acid (VPA) is a commonly prescribed medication approved for use in the United States for epilepsy, migraine, and bipolar disorder. Although the common adverse effects associated with VPA are typically benign, less common but more serious adverse effects can occur. These include hepatotoxicity, teratogenicity, possible polycystic ovaries with the ...
Bellet Jane S - - 2003
Stem cell factor (SCF) is a cytokine that stimulates development of erythroid precursors and, consequently, may have potential importance in the treatment of certain anemias. We report a case of a young woman with Diamond-Blackfan anemia who received SCF treatment. One effect of SCF treatment is cutaneous hyperpigmentation at the ...
Towne A R - - 2003
In cases of refractory status epilepticus (RSE) unresponsive to sequential trials of multiple agents, a suspension of topiramate administered via nasogastric tube was effective in aborting RSE, including one patient in a prolonged pentobarbital coma. Effective dosages ranged from 300 to 1,600 mg/d. Except for lethargy, no adverse events were ...
Haneline Michael T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: To determine the relationship between chiropractic manipulative therapy and internal carotid artery dissection, a MEDLINE literature search was performed for the years 1966 through 2000 using the terms internal carotid dissection. Literature that included information concerning causation of ICAD, as well as all case studies and series, was selected ...
Trüeb Ralph M - - 2003
Progressive thinning of the scalp hair in androgenetic alopecia (AGA) results in a gradual decline in natural protection of the scalp from ultraviolet radiation (UVR). A number of pathologic conditions of the scalp are evidently related to UVR, particularly photosensitive diseases and disorders of the chronically photodamaged bald scalp. The ...
Lao Lixing - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The greater acceptance of acupuncture by healthcare professionals and the public has increased the importance of addressing public concern about its safety. Of particular concern has been the potential for transmission of infectious disease and organ and tissue injury, as well as the training and professional standards of acupuncture ...
Gerber B - - 2002
Only 11 reports of cats with relapsing polychondritis (RPC) were found in the literature. We describe two additional cases and provide a review of the literature. Predominantly young to middle aged cats are affected (range 1.5 to 14.5 years, median 3 years). There is no sex predilection for feline RPC. ...
Isbister Geoffrey K - - 2002
Four cases of Red-back spider envenoming are reported in which there was minimal response to intramuscular antivenom. Intravenous antivenom was then administered in each case with almost complete resolution of symptoms. All cases were followed up to confirm the effect of treatment. This failure of intramuscular Red-back antivenom raises the ...
Rabin Yoed - - 2002
The heating effect of urethral warming during cryosurgery has been investigated theoretically, via heat transfer simulations. Two warmer configurations have been considered: (i). the clinically available urethral warmer, which has a configuration of a counter flow fluid heat exchanger; (ii). a newly designed urethral warmer, based on a temperature controlled ...
Jang Yuri - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the role of neuroticism in older individuals' self-reports of mobility. The authors hypothesized that neuroticism would modify the association between performance-based and self-reported measures of mobility. METHOD: Using a stratified sample of 459 community-dwelling elders, a hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to assess the effects ...
Cianfrocca Cinzia - - 2002
The use of herbal medications is becoming ever more widespread, but data for them are not yet as robust as for conventional drugs. The available safety information indicates that potential side effects of such use can be due to allergic reactions and bleeding. In this report, a case of frequent ...
Housman Tamara S - - 2002
Imiquimod is an immunomodulator with indirect antiproliferative and antiviral properties known to be effective against anogenital warts. However, its use for common warts has not been validated in prospective, controlled trials. We present 3 anecdotal case reports illustrating one treatment approach for a spectrum of resistant, common warts with combination ...
Fuller S J - - 2002
Mefloquine is an important antimalarial drug for treatment and prophylaxis of chloroquine-resistant malaria. Its use has been associated with neuropsychiatric side-effects. We report a case of paranoid psychosis associated with mefloquine occurring in a remote part of Papua New Guinea. Adverse reactions and contraindications are discussed. This case underlines the ...
Soy M - - 2002
Zafirlukast is a leukotriene inhibitor that has recently been approved for the prophylaxis of asthma. Although this new product has been well accepted because of its convenient dosing and relatively few side effects, several cases of Churg-Strauss syndrome have been reported to be associated with its use. In this paper ...
Matsumoto Isao - - 2002
Although there are various treatments for postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), none produces definitive effects. We report a case of 72-year-old woman who developed intractable PHN of the chest in which treatment with endoscopic transthoracic sympathicotomy (ETS) produced long-term effective results. When hyperesthesia of the sympathetic nerve participates in PHN, the blocking ...
Hu Qiyue - - 2002
A critical issue in transfection or co-transfection experiments is to define the appropriate controls. In most cases, a corresponding empty vector is used as one control. We report a paradoxical effect of empty mammalian expression vectors on different reporters. We have found that different empty vectors can inhibit or stimulate ...
Lane Joshua E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pearly penile papules are angiofibromas found on the corona and sulcus of the glans penis. While these represent a benign condition, psychological and cosmetic concerns often prompt patients to seek therapeutic removal of these lesions. Multiple therapeutic modalities have been reported; however, use of CO2 laser has proven to ...
Parkin Simon G - - 2002
Lesioning of the internal pallidum is known to improve the symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and alleviate dyskinesia and motor fluctuations related to levodopa therapy. The benefit obtained contralateral to a single lesion is insufficient in some cases when symptoms are bilaterally disabling. However, reports of unacceptably high rates ...
Stankiewicz N R - - 2002
A ferrule is a metal ring or cap used to strengthen the end of a stick or tube. It has been proposed that the use of a ferrule as part of the core or artificial crown may be of benefit in reinforcing root-filled teeth. A review of the literature investigating ...
Llorca Pierre-Michel - - 2002
Currently, tardive dyskinesia (TD) remains an important clinical problem. The average prevalence is estimated at 30%. The appearance of antipsychotics has opened new paths. The extrapyramidal profile of these molecules is more favorable than that of conventional neuroleptics. In order to assess their prophylactic as well as curative potential, we ...
de Haas Y - - 2002
Data from 274 Dutch herds recording clinical mastitis (CM) over an 18-mo period were used to investigate the effect of pathogen-specific CM on the lactation curve for somatic cell count (SCC). Analyzed pathogens were Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, Streptococcus uberis, other streptococci, and the culture-negative samples. ...
Safar H A - - 2002
We report a case of ischemia limited to the upper limb caused by chronic use of ergotamine. The effect of this drug was not related to hypersensitivity or to the potentiating effects of other medications. The patient was successfully treated discontinuing ergotamine and administering an alpha-blocking agent for three months. ...
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