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Results 351 - 400 of 789
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Kolettis Theofilos M - - 2005
We report a case of transient complete atrioventricular block in a 38-year-old man, after intake of a mixture of herbs, intended to aid cigarette smoking cessation. Since all other causes of conduction disturbances were excluded, a side-effect of the herbal remedy was identified as the most likely diagnosis. Given that ...
Rosenbaum Paul R - - 2005
In an effort to determine whether a particular treatment causes a particular outcome event, data are obtained from a database system that records events when they occur, and for such events, the system records exposure to the treatment. That is, the system records information about cases. The system provides no ...
Kadyan Vivek - - 2005
Spastic hypertonia is a common sequelae after a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and is a component of an upper motoneuron lesion. Management of spastic hypertonia may involve the use of centrally acting agents, peripheral blockade, and ablative therapies. We report a case of spastic hypertonia leading to severe trismus after CVA ...
Gibeault Alain - - 2005
The author discusses psychic conflict in the context of Freudian drive theory and its relationship to primal fantasies and repression. Freud's metaphor of the "Mystic Writing Pad" is reviewed, with particular attention to psychotic perception, especially the lack of ability to differentiate between self and object. Psychoanalytic psychodrama is proposed ...
Lee Yuan-Chieh - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe the adverse effect of abdominal cramp caused by travoprost ophthalmic solution in a glaucoma patient. DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: A 34-year-old woman reported abdominal cramp on topical application of travoprost ophthalmic solution. Satisfactory dechallenge and rechallenge procedures were performed. RESULTS: Abdominal cramp occurred approximately 30 minutes after ...
Croissant B - - 2005
Side effects from a high-dose clozapine treatment for a schizophrenic patient led to massive compliance problems. The dose of clozapine could be halved without recurrence of an acute psychotic symptomatology by concomitantly administering amisulpride. The side effects, especially hypersalivation, disappeared almost entirely, which in turn led to good compliance. In ...
Scheinfeld Noah - - 2005
Combinations of therapeutic modalities have been utilized to meet the challenge of difficult to treat psoriasis. We report two cases of psoriasis, resistant to methotrexate and monotherapy with UVB, treated effectively with alefacept and concomitant narrow band UVB resulting in total disease clear.
Jin Yabei - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on chronic pelvic inflammation. METHOD: Thirty-six cases of chronic pelvic inflammation were treated with acupuncture, the ancient recipe of Long Dan Xie Gan Tang ([symbol: see text] Decoction of Radix Gentianae for Purging the Pathogenic Fire of the Liver) and ...
Dower James S JS - - 2004
The periodontal ligament (PDL) injection is used primarily when conventional anesthesia is not fully effective, when dentists require only a short duration of anesthesia, and when a patient wants to avoid the lip and tongue numbness associated with mandibular block injections. To provide effective anesthesia and to lessen adverse reactions ...
Rachid Fady - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Atypical antipsychotics are widely used in clinical practice for several psychiatric disorders. Between 1994 and 1999, 26 cases of manic and hypomanic syndromes were reported with olanzapine and risperidone and were described in a previous review article. METHOD: An updated MEDLINE search (1999-2003) using the terms atypical antipsychotics, amisulpride, ...
Tanaka Akio - - 2004
Pelodera strongyloides is a free-living soil nematode of the order Rhabditida. We report an 18-year-old man with P strongyloides skin infestation. In this case, pruritic follicular papulopustules developed on the buttocks, then the right flank. Skin scrapings revealed many live rhabditiform larvae that were cultured adult worms and hatched ova, ...
Simms H N - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Chronic anal fissures (CAF) are caused by anal sphincter hypertonia leading to an ischaemic ulcer. By inducing temporary sphincter relaxation, botulinum toxin (Botox) injection has been shown to heal CAF in approximately 73-96% of cases in clinical trials. AIM: This study looks at the efficacy of Botox clinical practice. ...
Taylor Tanya S - - 2004
Archival data from cases adjudicated by jury in El Paso and Bexar County, Texas, were used to test whether a similarity-leniency effect, an out-group punitiveness effect, or a black sheep effect (BSE; J. M. Marques, V Y. Yzerbyt, & J. P. Leyens, 1988) influenced jury decisions. Defendant ethnicity, jury ethnic ...
Bobé Francesc - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To report an observation dealing with a possible side effect of a smoking cessation drug. DESIGN: A case report. STUDY PERSON: A 34-year old man who had been treated with slow-release bupropion for smoking cessation. OBSERVATION: After 5 days of treatment the patient suffered severe muscular pain and the ...
White Adrian - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To summarise the range and frequency of significant adverse events associated with acupuncture in order to provide evidence on which to base continuing efforts to improve the safety of acupuncture practice. METHODS: Searches were conducted of computerised databases, previous reviews of case reports, population surveys, prospective surveys of acupuncture ...
Aithal Vijay - - 2004
Lithium is known to cause a variety of dermatological problems, common ones being acneiform eruptions, folliculitis and psoriasis including its pustular form. Hidradenitis suppurativa and acne conglobata are lesser known side effects, with only three reports so far. We report a patient, who had bipolar affective disorder, was on lithium ...
Peplinski Lee S - - 2004
PURPOSE: To report a new adverse effect related to treatment with bimatoprost. CASE REPORTS: Serial clinical examination of three patients was performed. In each of the three reported patients, alteration of eyelid appearance with deepening of the lid sulcus was evident as the result of topical bimatoprost therapy. DISCUSSION: A ...
Fransi S - - 2004
Amiodarone, a class III antiarrhythmic, has been widely used to treat both ventricular and supraventricular arrhythmias. Despite the multitude of side-effects seen with this drug, no case of amiodarone anaphylaxis (confirmed by mast cell tryptase levels and skin testing) has been reported in the medical literature. We report a case ...
Yamamoto Takamitsu - - 2004
OBJECT: The tremor-suppression effect resulting from long-term stimulation of the thalamic nucleus ventralis intermedius (Vim) and the nucleus ventralis oralis posterior (Vop) was examined in the treatment of parkinsonian, essential, and poststroke tremor. METHODS: After identifying the accurate anterior border of the nucleus ventrocaudalis (Vc), deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes ...
Philibert Robert - - 2004
Ephedra extract is used in a number of dietary supplements taken for a variety of purposes including weight loss. Although recent events have led to calls for Ephedra to be removed from the market and the FDA has had over 18,000 adverse event reports, newspaper reports cite only a few ...
Somasekar A - - 2004
Infliximab is a monoclonal antibody against tumour necrosis factor-alpha. Recent studies have shown that it is effective in treating patients with refractory Crohn's disease and in those with Crohn's fistulae. Though this drug is found to be safe in clinical trials, sporadic reports of serious complications have been recorded in ...
Warnell Ronald L - - 2004
This case report details the use of left-unilateral electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) chosen for this right-handed male for medical reasons outlined in the article. Continuation/maintenance ECT was extended for approximately 1 year from the beginning of Index ECT. He responded well to the index series and continued to respond to the ...
Noël Martin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) are commonly used in medicine to control blood lipid disorder. Large clinical trials have demonstrated that statins greatly reduces cardiovascular-related morbidity and mortality in patients with and without coronary artery disease. Also, the use of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors has been reported to have immunosuppressive effects. ...
Sander Christian - - 2004
Daytime application of the SIII appliance results in mainly intermittent forces. Permanent force occurs only for a few minutes, if at all. These intermittent forces may be as high as 40 N in individual cases. Depending upon the patient's activity and temperament, 10 to more than 100 intermittent force impulses ...
Fraunfelder F W - - 2004
This retrospective case series describes the association between ocular hemorrhage and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl conenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins). The clinical characteristics of 95 case reports submitted to the World Health Organization (WHO), the Food and Drug Administration, and the National Registry of Drug-Induced Ocular Side Effects are summarized with classification ...
Peuker Elmar - - 2004
Numerous case reports of adverse events of acupuncture have been published, mostly in journals which are not related to acupuncture. The authors usually have no training in acupuncture. In principle, case reports on adverse events are of value as an aid for learning. They can only achieve this effect if ...
Loh Catherine - - 2004
Medication adherence with antipsychotics is adversely impacted by the burden of untoward adverse effects. In particular, sexual side-effects may interfere with compliance, but are often underreported by patients. Sexual dysfunction related to hyperprolactinemia is commonly described, but ejaculatory disturbance due to potent alpha1 adrenergic antagonism may also occur, and has ...
Angiolillo Dominick J - - 2004
Encouraging results have been obtained with drug-eluting stents (DESs) to prevent restenosis following PCI. However, DESs are not immune from restenosis and we describe a case of "candy wrapper" effect, commonly observed with intracoronary brachytherapy (IBT). In this article, we review the common drawbacks of DES and IBT and their ...
Balit Corrine R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The White-stemmed gum moth (Chelepteryx collesi) can be found in eastern Australia. The clinical effects of injuries caused by its many spine-like hairs are poorly defined and concern about the numerous hairs that remain embedded following contact with the cocoon have led to heroic means of removal. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Langley Ricky Lee - - 2004
This is a review of Medline and PubMed articles on venomous animal bites and stings during pregnancy reported in English literature from 1966 to 2002. Eighty-five venomous snakebites were reported in pregnant women. Although there are frequent anecdotal reports of scorpion stings in pregnant women, few case reports are documented. ...
Allain Hervé - - 2004
The aim of the present review is to consider the adverse effects and the safety profile of calcium dobesilate. Calcium dobesilate (Doxium) is a veno-tonic drug, which is widely prescribed in more than 60 countries from Europe, Latin America, Asia and the Middle East for three main indications: chronic venous ...
Green Bob - - 2003
Although there has been considerable research into the adverse effects of cannabis, less attention has been directed toward subjective effects that may be associated with ongoing cannabis use. Examination of self-reported cannabis effects is an important issue in understanding the widespread use of cannabis. While reviews have identified euphoria as ...
Moghadam Behjat K H - - 2003
Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) result from a collapse of the tongue, soft palate, and pharynx, causing temporary airway blockage. Acrylic mandibular advancement splints and Herbst appliances are used to relieve snoring and mild OSA. Repositioning the mandible forward may have an adverse effect on the orofacial and dentoalveolar ...
Fraunfelder Frederick W - - 2003
Bisphosphonates are used to inhibit bone resorption in postmenopausal women and in the management of hypercalcemia of malignancy. Recently, some drugs within this class of medicines have been proven to cause scleritis. Prior to this, bisphosphonates had been reported to cause a variety of ocular side effects, most of which ...
Lee Gabriel Yin Foo - - 2003
In the face of escalating recreational use of 'Ecstasy' (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, MDMA), physicians need to be aware of its possible adverse effects. We report two young patients who suffered subarachnoid haemorrhage following ingestion of 'Ecstasy' tablets. Angiographic studies demonstrated features consistent with vasculitis in both cases. Recognition of this association is ...
Tabak Fehmi - - 2003
Metronidazole and ornidazole, synthetic nitroimidazole derivatives, are used in the treatment of infections caused by anaerobic bacteria and protozoa. The drugs are well tolerated and serious side effects are very rarely encountered. Hepatotoxicity is a rare side effect and hitherto only six cases have been reported. We describe three patients ...
Crandall Carolyn - - 2003
Secondary causes of osteoporosis often go undetected, in part because of the lack of specific guidelines for laboratory evaluation in newly diagnosed cases. Although the effect of menopause on bone density has been well studied, the exact prevalence of other contributing factors is unknown. In this article, Dr Crandall discusses ...
Isbister Geoffrey K - - 2003
Spiders of the family Sparassidae occur on most continents in tropical and temperate regions of the world. They are large Araneomorphae (modern spiders) which are often feared. There are few reports of confirmed sparassid bites and some suggest that particular genera (Neosparassus) can cause severe effects. This study investigated the ...
Wallis Jonathan P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: TRALI is a serious adverse effect of blood transfusion. There is evidence that the condition is underrecognized and underreported. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was an observational study carried out in a single hospital. RESULTS: Eleven cases of TRALI were recognized over 12 years. In 10 cases the ...
Low Dog Tieraona - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This comprehensive review examines the safety of Cimicifuga racemosa for the treatment of menopause symptoms, particularly in populations in which conventional menopause treatment regimens, including estrogen replacement, are contraindicated. DESIGN: An extensive database of information on Cimicifuga, which included all published literature pertaining to preclinical and clinical safety of ...
Gur David - - 2003
PURPOSE: To measure observer performance at various levels of prevalence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multiobserver multiabnormality receiver operating characteristic (ROC) study to assess the effect of prevalence on observer performance was conducted. Fourteen observers, including eight faculty members, two fellows, and four residents, interpreted 1,632 posteroanterior chest images with five ...
Morse Tim - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Unionization has been found to be related to higher filing of workers' compensation (WC) claims, but the extent of the relationship and the relationships to other variables have not been previously reported. METHODS: Telephone interviews were conducted with both a population-based and WC-based samples of musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) cases. ...
Powell A M - - 2003
Pemphigus is a group of autoimmune blistering diseases of the skin and/or mucous membranes requiring management with immunosuppressive therapy. The optimal therapeutic regimen would rapidly induce remission and maintain effectiveness with minimal adverse effects in the long term. The present study describes our experience of the addition of mycophenolate mofetil ...
McParland Brent E - - 2003
Airway wall remodeling is well documented for asthmatic airways and is believed to result from chronic and/or short-term exposure to inflammatory stimuli. Airway wall remodeling can contribute to airway narrowing as well as to the airway hyperresponsiveness, which is a characteristic abnormality in asthma. However, the potential for airway narrowing ...
Zhao Bin - - 2003
Air-exchange efficiency is widely used to indicate the ventilation effect and indoor air quality in ventilated rooms. However, it does not take occupant distribution in the room into account and is thus limited. In this paper, a revised air-exchange efficiency (occupant air-exchange efficiency) that differentiates between different zones by considering ...
Lykouras Lefteris - - 2003
Atypical antipsychotics (APs) are now widely in use in clinical practice. They exert a beneficial effect in patients with schizophrenic disorders, including cases resistant to traditional APs and negative symptoms. They have also enhanced the ratio of therapeutic efficacy to adverse effects. Atypical APs, mainly risperidone and olanzapine, have been ...
Meyer Michael - - 2003
Four new molecular abnormalities in the gamma subdomain of the D domain elucidated in three unrelated thrombophilic patients and in one asymptomatic case of hypofibrinogenemia are reported: fibrinogen Suhl, gamma 326, Cys-->Tyr, fibrinogen Hannover VI, gamma 336 Met-->Ile, fibrinogen Stuttgart, gamma 345, Asn-->Asp and fibrinogen Homburg VII, gamma 354,Tyr-->Cys. In ...
Karakaya I┼čik - - 2003
Acrocyanosis is probably the most unusual side effect of tricyclic antidepressant drugs. In this paper, we report a 10-year-old boy with primary enuresis nocturna and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder who developed two episodes of acrocyanosis, the first of which was after imipramine treatment and the second after desipramine usage. We ...
Niveau Gérard - - 2003
We present a series of 12 cases of violent crime, which were all committed under the influence of cannabis in Geneva, Switzerland, between 1996 and 2000. The crimes were committed by eleven males and one female, with a mean age of 26 years, who were using only cannabis at the ...
Shekelle Paul G - - 2003
CONTEXT: Ephedra and ephedrine sometimes are used for weight loss or enhanced athletic performance, but the efficacy and safety of these compounds are uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of ephedra and ephedrine used for weight loss and enhanced athletic performance. DATA SOURCES: We searched 9 databases using ...
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