Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 825
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Raghunathan Kalpana - - 2006
We report a case of paradoxical bronchospasm to both levalbuterol and albuterol. While the exact mechanism for this known adverse effect of albuterol is not known, awareness of this adverse effect can be life saving to the patient. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of paradoxical bronchospasm ...
Pélissier-Alicot Anne-Laure - - 2006
Because psychostimulants have serious possible side effects and particular potential for abuse, their therapeutic indications are today exclusively limited to disorders such as obesity, narcolepsy, or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. We report two cases of abusive prescription of these drugs. The first concerns a woman who was treated for a 3 ...
Kästner Sabine B R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To review the use and adverse effects of alpha(2)-agonists in sheep. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 'Pubmed' of the United States National Library of Medicine and 'Veterinary Science' of CAB International were searched for references relating sheep to alpha(2)-agonists. The bibliographies of retrieved articles were further scrutinized ...
Davidson Michael H - - 2006
The adverse event (AE) profiles of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor (statin) agents are of great interest, in particular the most recently approved statin, rosuvastatin. The forwarding of reports of AEs has been shown to be influenced by several reporting biases, including secular trend, the new drug reporting effect, ...
Symington L - - 2006
Sedation for short but potentially painful procedures is often undertaken in the emergency department. The ideal sedative regimen should provide analgesia and anxiolysis with minimal side effects and cardiorespiratory depression and rapid recovery post-procedure. Propofol has found increasing popularity with anaesthetists for sedation in the operating theatre. This is a ...
Bareket, Z.
Notes: Report covers the period Nov 1991 - Mar 1993
Moreira Daniel Martins - - 2006
Recurrent priapism may lead to erectile dysfunction; its treatment is aimed at the prevention of new episodes. We report a case of idiopathic recurrent priapism in a 15-year-old patient. He was treated with oral baclofen, starting with a daily dose of 10mg that was increased to 30 mg to achieve ...
Vandermeer John - - 2006
The classical case of three competitors arranged on a resource gradient such that the central competitor will be excluded due to competition from the other two is studied from the point of view of the effects of added predators. The basic formulation is motivated by a desire to understand the ...
Scheinfeld Noah - - 2006
Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis (CARP) was first described >60 years ago. It is distinct from acanthosis nigricans. This article presents the results of a review of the literature in MEDLINE through May 2006 using the terms 'confluent and reticulated papillomatosis', 'reticulated and confluent papillomatosis of Gougerot and Carteaud', and 'reticulated ...
Ghei M M Department of Urology, Whittington Hospital, N19 5NF, London, UK. - - 2006
Recently, intravesical injections of Botulinum toxin type B (BT-B) have been trialled in an attempt to treat detrusor overactivity. Use of Botulinum toxin A (BT.-A), for the same in the past, has been quite successful without many reported side effects. Soon after commencing the clinical use of BT-B, a side ...
Siu Sylvia L Y - - 2006
Chylothorax is the most common cause of pleural effusion causing respiratory distress in the neonate. Cases unresponsive to conservative management usually require surgery. We report a case of spontaneous neonatal chylothorax where surgery was avoided with the compassionate trail of octreotide. The chylothorax resolved promptly with no observed side effects. ...
Morrison G A - - 2006
A case of botulism is reported in a heroin-abusing parturient who initially presented with lethargy and slurred speech. The diagnostic difficulty, complications, intensive care and anaesthetic management of this case are discussed, with particular reference to the pregnancy and the effects of both botulism and its empirical treatment on the ...
Werder Gabriel - - 2006
We report a series of six cases, admitted over a single weekend, following nasal inhalation of street drugs and exhibiting markedly atypical presentations. Clenbuterol, a beta2 adrenoceptor agonist, was identified as a contaminant. Increased awareness of the effects of specific adulterants is essential to the adequate management of these patients.
Kikuchi Izumi - - 2006
Potassium iodide, itraconazole (ITCZ), and terbinafine are widely known as oral antifungal agents for the treatment of sporotrichosis. Although potassium iodide has been used as the antifungal agent of first choice in Japan due to its high efficacy, its use is not covered by the health insurance programs. In this ...
Nanda V - - 2006
The development of linear hypopigmentation after intralesional or intraarticular injection of triamcinolone acetonide has been reported in the literature as a very rare side effect. This case report describes a patient with linear hypopigmentation and discusses the possible pathophysiology. Clinicians involved in the care of hypertrophic scars and keloids need ...
Yeh Shing-Shing - - 2006
The aim is to review major clinical trials that have used megestrol acetate (MA) in the treatment of cachexia across several disease states. A review of general usage and potential side-effects are discussed. A theory that the newly approved nanocrystal formation of MA can better deliver this potent medication for ...
Matts Paul J - - 2006
In the rapidly developing field of photobiology as it relates to solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR), there is a need as never before to ensure that definitions and terminology are current, correct, and standard. This article provides a basic definition of UVR; a review of correct UVR radiometric symbols, units, and ...
Chentsova Dutton Yulia - - 2005
Much of the literature on the effects of conjugal bereavement has focused on the detrimental effects of losing a spouse. Although it is very important to be aware of the emotional, physical, and social problems often associated with bereavement, these difficulties are not universal accompaniments of grief. Accumulating evidence suggests ...
Lowe Eric G - - 2005
Extremity cold sensitivity is a previously unreported side effect of thoracoscopic sympathicotomy. We report a case of a young man who underwent thoracoscopic sympathicotomy for hyperhidrosis, after which cold sensitivity developed in his sympathicotomized right hand and arm. When exposed to cold, the right hand and forearm become numb and ...
Batra R Sonia - - 2005
A recent article published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology reviewed adverse events regarding botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) reported to the Food and Drug Administration between 1989 and 2003. Although postmarketing surveillance is a vital mechanism to ensure drug safety, the events reported in this paper ...
Pae Chi-Un - - 2005
The sexual side-effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have been widely accepted and clinicians should only prescribe these agents for the treatment of premature ejaculation in the real clinical practice. We recently experienced three cases of paroxetine-associated sexual stimulation in the outpatient clinic. Because there is little information in the ...
Gómez-Criado María Soledad - - 2005
Ziprasidone is an atypical antipsychotic with a highly specific receptorbinding profile that has been shown to be effective for both positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. The agent has been associated with a low frequency of extrapyramidal symptoms and sedative and anticholinergic effects. Four cases of acute ziprasidone overdose were ...
Olesen Hanne Hyldahl - - 2005
Uveitis associated with rifabutin treatment is a well-known adverse effect in adults with human immunodeficiency virus infection. In children, however, uveitis related to rifabutin has been reported in only a few cases. We present a case of rifabutin-associated uveitis in a human immunodeficiency virus-negative child. We review the literature and ...
Ernst Edzard - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Upper spinal manipulation (USM) is frequently used by chiropractors and other health care professionals to treat minor complaints. This systematic review aimed to summarize ophthalmological adverse effects of USM recently reported in the medical literature. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched for all case reports of ophthalmological adverse effects ...
Jogi Reena - - 2005
Although cutaneous reactions from antineoplastic therapy are common, a reticulate pattern of hyperpigmentation has not been frequently reported in the literature. We report 2 cases of reticulate hyperpigmentation associated with cancer chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil and idarubicin. These 2 cases serve to raise awareness of this particular pattern of hyperpigmentation as ...
Olszewska Malgorzata - - 2005
Dihydrotestosterone is the main molecule responsible for androgenic alopecia. Finasteride, which reduces transformation of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone and decreases dihydrotestosterone activity, is approved for treatment of androgenic alopecia in men. We describe the case of a 46-year-old woman with androgenic alopecia, non-responsive to minoxidil, who initially benefited from finasteride. Due ...
Wimmers Paul F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study was directed at illuminating a well known phenomenon in the medical expertise literature, the 'intermediate effect' in clinical case recall. This robust phenomenon consists of the finding that medical students of intermediate levels of expertise outperform both experts and novices in clinical case recall after diagnosing cases. ...
Akash Raj - - 2005
AIMS: We report on a case of combined nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAAION) and cilioretinal artery occlusion resulting from misuse of sildenafil citrate (Viagra Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY). DESIGN: This is an observational case report. METHODS: A 54-year-old white man developed blindness in his left eye after an ...
Van Den Eede Filip - - 2005
PURPOSE: Evidence indicates that classical antipsychotics may aggravate non-malignant and malignant catatonia (MC). Atypical antipsychotics are less likely to cause movement disorders than classical antipsychotics and they are being frequently prescribed in disorders that can be associated with catatonia. Therefore, the important question that arises is whether atypical antipsychotics have ...
Gurkan Fuat - - 2005
Reports of acute naphtha (a petroleum distillate) intoxication, particularly those containing treatment and toxicological data, are poorly verified in the literature. Systemic steroids have not usually been advised for routine management, but no previous studies have been reported on the effects of corticosteroid inhalations. In this study, two critical pediatric ...
Moreland Amanda J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To review the use of selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the treatment of premature ejaculation. DATA SOURCES: Articles were retrieved through a MEDLINE search (1966-January 2004). Search terms used to identify articles included serotonin uptake inhibitors, premature ejaculation, rapid ejaculation, and sexual behavior, as well as the generic names ...
Yang Weibin - - 2005
Zolpidem is an imidazopyridine agent indicated for the short-term treatment of insomnia. Sleepwalking is a rare side effect of zolpidem. A review of the literature produced only 2 cases. We report a case of a male rehabilitation inpatient in his mid fifties with a history of alcoholism and traumatic brain ...
Mondillo Sergio - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Previous evidence suggests that hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A-reductase inhibitors (statins) might potentiate the effect of oral anticoagulants, but a MEDLINE search (key terms: stains, rosuvastatin, anticoagulants, acenocoumarol, and interaction; years: 1980-2005) revealed no reports of an interaction between rosuvastatin and acenocoumarol. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to describe ...
Brealey S - - 2005
The costs and effects of introducing selectively trained radiographers reporting accident and emergency (A&E) radiographs of the appendicular skeleton in a district general hospital were assessed using a retrospective controlled before and after design. Reference standard reports were compared with a random stratified sample of 200 A&E and 200 general ...
Kolettis Theofilos M - - 2005
We report a case of transient complete atrioventricular block in a 38-year-old man, after intake of a mixture of herbs, intended to aid cigarette smoking cessation. Since all other causes of conduction disturbances were excluded, a side-effect of the herbal remedy was identified as the most likely diagnosis. Given that ...
Kadyan Vivek - - 2005
Spastic hypertonia is a common sequelae after a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and is a component of an upper motoneuron lesion. Management of spastic hypertonia may involve the use of centrally acting agents, peripheral blockade, and ablative therapies. We report a case of spastic hypertonia leading to severe trismus after CVA ...
Rosenbaum Paul R - - 2005
In an effort to determine whether a particular treatment causes a particular outcome event, data are obtained from a database system that records events when they occur, and for such events, the system records exposure to the treatment. That is, the system records information about cases. The system provides no ...
Scheinfeld Noah - - 2005
Combinations of therapeutic modalities have been utilized to meet the challenge of difficult to treat psoriasis. We report two cases of psoriasis, resistant to methotrexate and monotherapy with UVB, treated effectively with alefacept and concomitant narrow band UVB resulting in total disease clear.
Gibeault Alain - - 2005
The author discusses psychic conflict in the context of Freudian drive theory and its relationship to primal fantasies and repression. Freud's metaphor of the "Mystic Writing Pad" is reviewed, with particular attention to psychotic perception, especially the lack of ability to differentiate between self and object. Psychoanalytic psychodrama is proposed ...
Croissant B - - 2005
Side effects from a high-dose clozapine treatment for a schizophrenic patient led to massive compliance problems. The dose of clozapine could be halved without recurrence of an acute psychotic symptomatology by concomitantly administering amisulpride. The side effects, especially hypersalivation, disappeared almost entirely, which in turn led to good compliance. In ...
Lee Yuan-Chieh - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe the adverse effect of abdominal cramp caused by travoprost ophthalmic solution in a glaucoma patient. DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: A 34-year-old woman reported abdominal cramp on topical application of travoprost ophthalmic solution. Satisfactory dechallenge and rechallenge procedures were performed. RESULTS: Abdominal cramp occurred approximately 30 minutes after ...
Jin Yabei - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on chronic pelvic inflammation. METHOD: Thirty-six cases of chronic pelvic inflammation were treated with acupuncture, the ancient recipe of Long Dan Xie Gan Tang ([symbol: see text] Decoction of Radix Gentianae for Purging the Pathogenic Fire of the Liver) and ...
Dower James S JS - - 2004
The periodontal ligament (PDL) injection is used primarily when conventional anesthesia is not fully effective, when dentists require only a short duration of anesthesia, and when a patient wants to avoid the lip and tongue numbness associated with mandibular block injections. To provide effective anesthesia and to lessen adverse reactions ...
Rachid Fady - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Atypical antipsychotics are widely used in clinical practice for several psychiatric disorders. Between 1994 and 1999, 26 cases of manic and hypomanic syndromes were reported with olanzapine and risperidone and were described in a previous review article. METHOD: An updated MEDLINE search (1999-2003) using the terms atypical antipsychotics, amisulpride, ...
Tanaka Akio - - 2004
Pelodera strongyloides is a free-living soil nematode of the order Rhabditida. We report an 18-year-old man with P strongyloides skin infestation. In this case, pruritic follicular papulopustules developed on the buttocks, then the right flank. Skin scrapings revealed many live rhabditiform larvae that were cultured adult worms and hatched ova, ...
Simms H N - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Chronic anal fissures (CAF) are caused by anal sphincter hypertonia leading to an ischaemic ulcer. By inducing temporary sphincter relaxation, botulinum toxin (Botox) injection has been shown to heal CAF in approximately 73-96% of cases in clinical trials. AIM: This study looks at the efficacy of Botox clinical practice. ...
Taylor Tanya S - - 2004
Archival data from cases adjudicated by jury in El Paso and Bexar County, Texas, were used to test whether a similarity-leniency effect, an out-group punitiveness effect, or a black sheep effect (BSE; J. M. Marques, V Y. Yzerbyt, & J. P. Leyens, 1988) influenced jury decisions. Defendant ethnicity, jury ethnic ...
Bobé Francesc - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To report an observation dealing with a possible side effect of a smoking cessation drug. DESIGN: A case report. STUDY PERSON: A 34-year old man who had been treated with slow-release bupropion for smoking cessation. OBSERVATION: After 5 days of treatment the patient suffered severe muscular pain and the ...
White Adrian - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To summarise the range and frequency of significant adverse events associated with acupuncture in order to provide evidence on which to base continuing efforts to improve the safety of acupuncture practice. METHODS: Searches were conducted of computerised databases, previous reviews of case reports, population surveys, prospective surveys of acupuncture ...
Aithal Vijay - - 2004
Lithium is known to cause a variety of dermatological problems, common ones being acneiform eruptions, folliculitis and psoriasis including its pustular form. Hidradenitis suppurativa and acne conglobata are lesser known side effects, with only three reports so far. We report a patient, who had bipolar affective disorder, was on lithium ...
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